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Full-Text Articles in Business

Widening The Aperture: A Case Study Of Widening The Definition Of Evidence For Strategy, Jennifer James, Sandra Hilliard Dec 2023

Widening The Aperture: A Case Study Of Widening The Definition Of Evidence For Strategy, Jennifer James, Sandra Hilliard

The Foundation Review

The need to “widen the aperture” to consider different types and sources of evidence is paramount to sharpening grantmaking strategies that are in service of those we seek to serve. This article describes an underlying process of identifying and applying equity considerations in the evidence considered for strategy development in the context of a large, national foundation.

The aim was to develop a “common evidence base” — the core of which was a database library — and what was understood from the evidence was synthesized to bring together what was currently known, the edges of the foundation’s understanding, and emerging …


Building On A Decade Of Hope: Why We Must Champion The Human Experience, Jason A. Wolf Apr 2023

Building On A Decade Of Hope: Why We Must Champion The Human Experience, Jason A. Wolf

Patient Experience Journal

The pages of PXJ have served a primary purpose, to expand the evidence on patient experience and push the boundaries of innovation in this critical work. But through this commitment, PXJ has seen much more happen. The contributions of our thousands of authors, reviewers and editors have also fostered an environment of connection. PXJ has emerged as something more than just a journal. It has become a place for conversation. It has served as a conduit for expanding excellence in practice. It has fostered new thinking. And it has broadened our global community. There is something very special found on …


The Intersections Among Science, Technology, Policy And Law: In Between Truth And Justice, Paolo Davide Farah, Justo Corti Varela Jan 2023

The Intersections Among Science, Technology, Policy And Law: In Between Truth And Justice, Paolo Davide Farah, Justo Corti Varela

Book Chapters

Different visions on the interaction between science, technology, policy and law have been presented. As common axe, we can detect the continuous search for truth and justice. Science and Law as social constructs, the distinction between truths and opinions through procedural method based on evidence and rationality, or how natural science “things” became facts, and consequently “truth”, are examples of this search. The evidence-gathering process that integrates scientific evidence into trial (sometimes by procedure and other times by a more substantive approach) is another possible approach. Of course, that the game of mutual influence among the four elements creates contradictions …


The Authenticity Of Visual Recording In Criminal Evidence In Palestinian Legislation, عبدالله ذيب محمود, Osama I. Darraj Feb 2022

The Authenticity Of Visual Recording In Criminal Evidence In Palestinian Legislation, عبدالله ذيب محمود, Osama I. Darraj

AAU Journal of Business and Law مجلة جامعة العين للأعمال والقانون

This study revolves around the authenticity of video recordings before the criminal judiciary in Palestine, as video recordings of all kinds have become widely spread in society, especially with modern technical development, and imaging devices have spread in public and private places, which opened the way to consider the authenticity of these recordings in the event The occurrence of a crime to benefit from it in criminal proof. The Palestinian judiciary has taken the legality of the evidence derived from visual recordings in public places, where it is required that the visual evidence, like the rest of the other evidence, …


Scaling Programs With Research Evidence And Effectiveness (Spree), Nan Maxwell, Scott Richman Sep 2019

Scaling Programs With Research Evidence And Effectiveness (Spree), Nan Maxwell, Scott Richman

The Foundation Review

Foundations can serve more people by identifying and supporting effective interventions that are ready to be scaled. This article describes a process called SPREE — Scaling Programs with Research Evidence and Effectiveness — that can help funders and their grantees scale successfully. Implementing this process can assist foundations in using evaluation research as a tool to determine which interventions are likely to produce desired outcomes, and to identify which organizations are ready to scale them. The SPREE process is grounded in evaluation and implementation science frameworks and has been applied since 2016 by the Corporation for National and Community Service. …


A Philosophical Basis For Judicial Restraint, Michael Evan Gold Jun 2019

A Philosophical Basis For Judicial Restraint, Michael Evan Gold

Michael Evan Gold

The purpose of this article is to establish a principled basis for restraint of judicial lawmaking. The principle is that all findings of fact, whether of legislative or adjudicative facts, must be based on evidence in the record of a case. This principle is grounded in moral philosophy. I will begin with a discussion of the relevant aspect of moral philosophy, then state and defend the principle, and finally apply it to a line of cases.


Institutional Investors, Controlling Shareholders And Ceo Pay‐Performance Relationship: Evidence From China, Dan Zhang, Shiguang Ma, Xiaofei Pan Jan 2019

Institutional Investors, Controlling Shareholders And Ceo Pay‐Performance Relationship: Evidence From China, Dan Zhang, Shiguang Ma, Xiaofei Pan

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Using a large sample of China's listed firms between 2005 and 2015, we find that domestic mutual funds have a positive effect on the CEO pay‐performance relationship, and this effect becomes stronger when their ownership is higher and closer to the controlling shareholder's ownership. This effect is stronger in non‐state‐owned enterprises (non‐SOEs), firms facing weaker industry competition incentives, and firms located in more developed regions. However, Qualified Foreign Institutional Investors (QFIIs) do not have such an influence. Overall, our study contends that the effectiveness of institutional investors' monitoring role is subject to their identity, controlling shareholders and institutional environments.


State Ownership And Earnings Management In Highly-Valued Firms: Evidence From China, Leye Li, Gary S. Monroe, Jing Wang Jan 2019

State Ownership And Earnings Management In Highly-Valued Firms: Evidence From China, Leye Li, Gary S. Monroe, Jing Wang

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

We examine how state ownership affects Chinese firms’ earning management during a period of high valuation. Based on a sample of 19,107 firm-year observations with sufficient data on the China Securities Markets and Accounting Research (CSMAR) database over the period from 2003 to 2017, we find the magnitude of accruals management first increases for up to three years of high valuation, and then reduces after the fourth year. This finding is consistent with the view that the difficulty of consistently using accruals to manage earnings upwards increases over time because of the reversing nature of accruals. We find that managers …


Unpacking The Role Of Data In Philanthropy: Prospects For An Integrated Framework, R. Patrick Bixler, Marisa Zappone, Lin Rui Li, Samer Atshan Jun 2018

Unpacking The Role Of Data In Philanthropy: Prospects For An Integrated Framework, R. Patrick Bixler, Marisa Zappone, Lin Rui Li, Samer Atshan

The Foundation Review

This article reports qualitative research that explores the role of data in philanthropy and proposes an integrated framework. Interviews with charitable foundations in central Texas, including members of a regional evaluation and learning collaborative, reveal an orientation toward data that is becoming increasingly institutionalized.

The research suggests that data are generated and used in a multiplicity of ways, including identifying populations and geographies in need of investment, informing funding decisions for service delivery as well as policy research and advocacy; evaluation and learning; and measuring community impact.

This article discusses these thematic findings, notes specific practices, and presents six principles …


Decentralization And Firm Investment: Evidence From China, Xiaofei Pan, Yiping Wu, Huihang Wu Jan 2018

Decentralization And Firm Investment: Evidence From China, Xiaofei Pan, Yiping Wu, Huihang Wu

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Taking advantage of decentralization reform that enlarges the authority of county government in China, we construct a quasi-experiment. Using a large sample of Chinese firms, we show that after the implementation of decentralization reform, firms located in decentralized counties experienced a significant increase in investment expenditure compared with other firms. We also find that after the decentralization reform, state owned enterprises (SOEs) experienced greater increase in investment expenditure on average compared with non-SOEs, and that, within non-SOEs, collective firms have an even larger increase in investments, followed by foreign firms and private firms. Further analysis shows that the influence of …


Stock Liquidity, Corporate Governance And Leverage: New Panel Evidence, Sivathaasan Nadarajah, Searat Ali, Benjamin Liu, Allen Huang Jan 2018

Stock Liquidity, Corporate Governance And Leverage: New Panel Evidence, Sivathaasan Nadarajah, Searat Ali, Benjamin Liu, Allen Huang

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

We examine the effect of stock liquidity and corporate governance on the firm's leverage decision in the order-driven stock trading system and less stringent governance environment of Australia. Using a sample of 1207 non-financial firms from 2001 to 2013, resulting in 9855 firm-year observations, we find the posited negative stock liquidity-leverage relation, confirming prior research observations that firms with more liquid stocks are significantly less leveraged. We also find a significant and negative relation between corporate governance quality (CGQ) and leverage, indicating that firms with high CGQ significantly reduce leverage. In a closer analysis, we find that the significantly negative …


Corporate Governance And Stock Liquidity Dimensions: Panel Evidence From Pure Order-Driven Australian Market, Searat Ali, Benjamin Liu, Jen Je Su Jan 2017

Corporate Governance And Stock Liquidity Dimensions: Panel Evidence From Pure Order-Driven Australian Market, Searat Ali, Benjamin Liu, Jen Je Su

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Our newly constructed index of corporate governance quality (CGQ) provides comprehensive and robust evidence for the association between CGQ and stock liquidity in the pure order-driven Australia market. By using a large sample of 1207 firms from 2001 to 2013, we find a significant positive relationship between CGQ and stock liquidity, suggesting that better governed firms have greatly improved stock liquidity. Specifically, we find that better governed firms have a lower trading cost, smaller price impacts of trade, and higher trading speed. Moreover, the empirical results reveal that CGQ improves stock liquidity because it is associated with higher information disclosure.


Small And Medium Enterprise Productivity And Its Determinants: Evidence From Vietnamese Manufacturing Smes, Cong Nguyen, Charles Harvie, Amir Arjomandi Jan 2017

Small And Medium Enterprise Productivity And Its Determinants: Evidence From Vietnamese Manufacturing Smes, Cong Nguyen, Charles Harvie, Amir Arjomandi

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Exogenous Oil Shocks And The Fiscal Policy Response In Oil-Exporting Countries: Evidence From Libya, Issa Saleh Ali, Charles Harvie Jan 2017

Exogenous Oil Shocks And The Fiscal Policy Response In Oil-Exporting Countries: Evidence From Libya, Issa Saleh Ali, Charles Harvie

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The downtrend in oil prices beginning in 2014 represents a challenge for small­open developing and exporting economies like Libya. This stems from the importance of government revenue generated from the natural resource sector in financing government consumption and investment expenditures as well as capital imports. The dependency on the natural resource sector and a relatively weak non-natural-resource tax base renders fiscal positions highly challenging in oil­ exporting countries. As more than 90 percent of Libya's government revenue is generated from the oil sector, the budget components are the most influenced by oil-related shocks. Transitory oil price increases, especially after 2000, …


Does The Military Turn Men Into Criminals? New Evidence From Australia's Conscription Lotteries, Peter Siminski, Simon Ville, Alexander Paull Jan 2016

Does The Military Turn Men Into Criminals? New Evidence From Australia's Conscription Lotteries, Peter Siminski, Simon Ville, Alexander Paull

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

In this paper, we estimate the effect of military service on the perpetration of crime. Several hypothesized links exist between service and crime, but recent quasi-experimental studies on this subject have produced mixed results. Our contribution to this literature uses Australia's Vietnam era conscription lotteries for identification along with criminal court data from Australia's three largest states. We find no evidence that military service increases or decreases crime in any category. In our preferred specification, the 95 % confidence interval rules out positive (negative) effects larger than 11 % (10 %) relative to the mean crime rate.


The Effect Of Hypothesis Framing, Prior Expectation And Professional Trait Scepticism On Experts’ And Novices’ Evidence Selected In A Complex Task, Abhijit Das Jan 2016

The Effect Of Hypothesis Framing, Prior Expectation And Professional Trait Scepticism On Experts’ And Novices’ Evidence Selected In A Complex Task, Abhijit Das

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

This study examines evidence selection strategy among external auditors (i.e. professionals) and accounting students (i.e. novices) in a going concern assessment task considering three factors; hypothesis framing, prior expectation and professional “trait” scepticism as measured by Hurtt (2010) scale. Within this context, the study sets out to accomplish three goals: (1) to re-examine evidence selection strategy based on hypothesis framing and prior expectation, (2) to validate the Hurtt (2010) scale using expert reviews and confirmatory factor analysis and (3) to investigate whether professional trait scepticism influences selection strategy.

Owing to the incidence of high-profile accounting and auditing scandals worldwide, the …


Market Efficiency And The Returns To Simple Technical Trading Rules: New Evidence From U.S. Equity Market And Chinese Equity Markets, Gary Gang Tian, Guang Hua Wan, Mingyuan Guo Dec 2015

Market Efficiency And The Returns To Simple Technical Trading Rules: New Evidence From U.S. Equity Market And Chinese Equity Markets, Gary Gang Tian, Guang Hua Wan, Mingyuan Guo

Gary Tian

Numerous studies in the finance literature have investigated technical analysis to determine its validity as an investment tool. This study is an attempt to explore whether some forms of technical analysis can predict stock price movement and make excess profits based on certain trading rules in markets with different efficiency level. To avoid using arbitrarily selected 26 trading rules as did by Brock, Lakonishok and LeBaron (1992) and later by Bessembinder and Chan (1998), this paper examines predictive power and profitability of simple trading rules by expanding their universe of 26 rules to 412 rules. In order to find out …


Street Cred For Hr - The Journey To Evaluating Hr Through Auditing, Chris Andrews Oct 2015

Street Cred For Hr - The Journey To Evaluating Hr Through Auditing, Chris Andrews

Dr Chris Andrews

Extract: When I first started looking at Human Resource Auditing the prevailing view was that it was good for ensuring that all of the components of a human resources program were in place and operating correctly. The problem was that it was not seen to provide a direct link between the audit results and the organisation’s overall effectiveness.


Workshop | Body Worn Video Recorders: The Socio-Technical Implications Of Gathering Direct Evidence, Katina Michael, Alexander Hayes Jun 2015

Workshop | Body Worn Video Recorders: The Socio-Technical Implications Of Gathering Direct Evidence, Katina Michael, Alexander Hayes

Alexander Hayes Mr.

- From in-car video recording to body-worn video recording

- Exploring available technologies: how do they work, pros and cons

- Storing direct evidence in secure storage: factors to consider

- Citizens “shooting” back with POV tech – what are their rights?

- Crowdsourced sousveillance- harnessing public data for forensic profiling

- Police force policies and practices on the application of new media


The Cascade Effect On Lending Conditions: Evidence From The Syndicated Loan Market, Wei-Shao Wu, H H Chang, Sandy Suardi, Yuanchen Chang May 2015

The Cascade Effect On Lending Conditions: Evidence From The Syndicated Loan Market, Wei-Shao Wu, H H Chang, Sandy Suardi, Yuanchen Chang

Sandy Suardi

This paper investigates, both theoretically and empirically, how interactions among potential lenders may influence contract terms via informational cascade in the syndicated loan market. Our model shows that the ex-post observed interest rate is higher and the probability of syndication failure is lower when potential lenders can only observe the decisions of their predecessors versus when they can freely communicate with each other. Empirical tests confirm the model's predictions and the existence of a cascade effect on lending conditions. Using relational distance to proxy for the segmentation of communication, we find that relational distance is positively related to the loan …


Factor Reversal In Euro Zone Stock Returns: Evidence From The Crisis Period, Hsin-I Chou, Jing Zhao, Sandy Suardi May 2015

Factor Reversal In Euro Zone Stock Returns: Evidence From The Crisis Period, Hsin-I Chou, Jing Zhao, Sandy Suardi

Sandy Suardi

The adoption of the euro led to a shift in importance from country to industry effects in euro zone stock returns. For the first time, this paper shows that country effects have regained importance in the recent spate of crises. This euro-wide factor reversal is driven by countries with poor economic fundamentals, comprising Portugal, Italy, Ireland, Greece, and Spain (PIIGS). The results imply that a more traditional country portfolio approach provides greater diversification benefits during crisis periods and the minimum-variance frontier of industry portfolios in PIIGS countries can be improved by adjusting country weights.


Dynamic Effects Of Trade And Output Volatility On The Trade-Growth Nexus: Evidence From Singapore, Renuka Mahadevan, Sandy Suardi May 2015

Dynamic Effects Of Trade And Output Volatility On The Trade-Growth Nexus: Evidence From Singapore, Renuka Mahadevan, Sandy Suardi

Sandy Suardi

Purpose - This paper seeks to revisit the highly debated trade‐growth hypothesis by considering the effects of trade and output volatility on the relationship between trade and economic growth. Design/methodology/approach - The relationship is modeled by testing for the existence of output and trade (export and imports separately) using the conditional variances of the variables and then specifying an autoregressive conditional heteroskedastic (ARCH) process in a vector error correction model. Findings - Using Singapore as a case study, the paper finds the two‐way relationship between export growth and trade‐adjusted GDP growth is robust even after controlling for the effects of …


Predicting Short-Term Interest Rates Using Bayesian Model Averaging: Evidence From Weekly And High Frequency Data, Chew Lian Chua, Sandy Suardi, Sarantis Tsiaplias May 2015

Predicting Short-Term Interest Rates Using Bayesian Model Averaging: Evidence From Weekly And High Frequency Data, Chew Lian Chua, Sandy Suardi, Sarantis Tsiaplias

Sandy Suardi

This paper examines the forecasting performance of Bayesian model averaging (BMA) for a set of single factor models of short-term interest rates. Using weekly and high frequency data for the one-month Eurodollar rate, BMA produces predictive likelihoods that are considerably better than those associated with the majority of the short-rate models, but marginally worse than those of the best model in each dataset. We also find that BMA forecasts based on recent predictive likelihoods are preferred to those based on the marginal likelihood of the entire dataset.


Central Bank Intervention, Threshold Effects And Asymmetric Volatility: Evidence From The Japanese Yen-Us Dollar Foreign Exchange Market, Sandy Suardi May 2015

Central Bank Intervention, Threshold Effects And Asymmetric Volatility: Evidence From The Japanese Yen-Us Dollar Foreign Exchange Market, Sandy Suardi

Sandy Suardi

Recent empirical evidence of nonlinearities in the time series behaviour of exchange rates suggests that a linear model of the exchange rate may yield invalid inference when used to assess the effectiveness of central bank intervention. Using a double threshold GARCH model of the Japanese yen-US dollar exchange rates, we find that interventions by the Bank of Japan and the Federal Reserve are more effective in changing the direction of the exchange rate movements and reducing its volatility level in a regime when the exchange rates are severely misaligned. There is also evidence in such a regime for a negative …


(Dis)Engaging With Sustainability: Evidence From An Australian Business Faculty, Maria Cadiz Dyball, Andy Wang, Sue Wright Jan 2015

(Dis)Engaging With Sustainability: Evidence From An Australian Business Faculty, Maria Cadiz Dyball, Andy Wang, Sue Wright

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore how the lack of staff engagement with a university's strategy on sustainability could be an enabling lever for organisational change. It examines the attitudes and views of employees of a business faculty at an Australian metropolitan university as it attempts to adopt a holistic approach to sustainability. Design/methodology/approach - The paper opted for a case study using data from an on-line survey, semi-directed interviews with key management personnel and archival material. Responses were analysed using Piderit's (2000) notion of ambivalence. Findings - The paper provides empirical insights into why staff …


Corporate Governance And Stock Liquidity: Panel Evidence From 2001 To 2013, Searat Ali, Benjamin Liu, Jen Je Su Jan 2015

Corporate Governance And Stock Liquidity: Panel Evidence From 2001 To 2013, Searat Ali, Benjamin Liu, Jen Je Su

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Constructing a new index of corporate governance quality (CGQ), we provide comprehensive and robust evidence for the association between governance quality and stock liquidity in the pure order-driven stock market of Australia. We hypothesize that governance quality affects stock liquidity because effective governance alleviates information asymmetries between insiders (e.g., managers) and outsiders (e.g., investors), as well as among outsiders by improving the financial transparency of a firm. Consistent with this theoretical argument, by using a large sample of 1,207 firms (10,179 firm-year observations) over the long period from 2001 to 2013, we find a significant positive relationship between governance quality …


Does Control-Ownership Divergence Impair Market Liquidity In An Emerging Market? Evidence From China, Xiaojun Chu, Qigui Liu, Gary Tian Jan 2015

Does Control-Ownership Divergence Impair Market Liquidity In An Emerging Market? Evidence From China, Xiaojun Chu, Qigui Liu, Gary Tian

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines how institutional characteristics of emerging economies influence the effect of control-ownership divergence on market liquidity. We find that the divergence is negatively associated with liquidity and that this negative relationship is more pronounced in firms with more severe agency problems and information asymmetry. We argue that in an emerging market, the negative effect of the divergence on liquidity is worsened by state ownership and poorer shareholder protection, both of which result in more severe agency conflicts; we also find, however, that this effect is alleviated by the NTS reform, which aligns the interest of different shareholders.


Bank Ownership And Efficiency In Post-Conflict Era Of Sri Lanka: Evidence From Aggregate Efficiency Technique, Bolanda Hewa Thilakaweera, Charles Harvie, Amir Arjomandi Jan 2015

Bank Ownership And Efficiency In Post-Conflict Era Of Sri Lanka: Evidence From Aggregate Efficiency Technique, Bolanda Hewa Thilakaweera, Charles Harvie, Amir Arjomandi

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Deviating from conventional methods in comparing the group performance of banks this study extends the established literature to compare efficiency between foreign and domestic banks, by employing comprehensive weighted aggregate efficiency measures derived through bootstrap simulations for the banking sector for the post - confli ct era of Sri Lanka. The study also compares the banking sector performance between initial and later parts of the post - conflict period, using weighted aggregate efficiency measures. At the end of the armed conflict between LTTE 1 and Sri Lankan government forces the banking sector experienced considerable expansion in terms of banking density …


Fleeting Orders And Dynamic Trading Strategies: Evidence From The Australian Security Stock Exchange (Asx), Tina Prodromou, Joakim Westerholm, Hui Zheng, Dionigi Gerace Jan 2015

Fleeting Orders And Dynamic Trading Strategies: Evidence From The Australian Security Stock Exchange (Asx), Tina Prodromou, Joakim Westerholm, Hui Zheng, Dionigi Gerace

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This study examines the behaviour of fleeting orders before and after two structural changes at the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX); the removal of broker IDs from the public limit order book and a change in the price structure of exchange fees. Following Hasbrouck and Saar (2009), fleeting orders are defined as orders that are revised or cancelled within two seconds. Firstly, this study confirms that fleeting limit order revisions exhibit similar properties to liquidity-demanding orders. Secondly, after the removal of broker IDs on the market, traders start to aggressively chase the market price. Thirdly, after the price structure changes, traders …


Breaking The Link Between Legal Access To Alcohol And Motor Vehicle Accidents: Evidence From New South Wales, Jason M. Lindo, Peter M. Siminski, Oleg Yerokhin Jan 2015

Breaking The Link Between Legal Access To Alcohol And Motor Vehicle Accidents: Evidence From New South Wales, Jason M. Lindo, Peter M. Siminski, Oleg Yerokhin

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

A large literature has documented significant public health benefits associated with the minimum legal drinking age in the USA, particularly because of the resulting effects on motor vehicle accidents. These benefits form the primary basis for continued efforts to restrict youth access to alcohol. It is important to keep in mind that policymakers have a wide variety of alcohol-control options available to them, and understanding how these policies may complement or substitute for one another can improve policy making moving forward. Towards this end, we propose that investigating the causal effects of the minimum legal drinking age in New South …