Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Business Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Era2015

Publication Year

Articles 1 - 30 of 31

Full-Text Articles in Business

Political Connections, Founder-Managers, And Their Impact On Tunneling In China's Listed Firms, Liangbo Ma, Shiguang Ma, Gary Tian Jan 2013

Political Connections, Founder-Managers, And Their Impact On Tunneling In China's Listed Firms, Liangbo Ma, Shiguang Ma, Gary Tian

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

We investigate the impact of manager political connection and founder status on tunneling in China's listed firms from 2004 to 2010. By classifying the political connections into three dimensions with two categories of controlling ownerships, we find that overall manager political connection is negatively related to tunneling in private firms but positively related to tunneling in SOEs. The CPC/CPPCC-type connection is likely to protect firms from tunneling, while the official-type connection facilitates tunneling from firms. The impact of these two types of political connection on tunneling is stronger at the central level than the local level. A chairman's political connection …


Eagles And Turkeys: Human Capital Externalities, Departmental Co-Authorship And Research Productivity, Frank Neri, Joan R. Rodgers Jan 2013

Eagles And Turkeys: Human Capital Externalities, Departmental Co-Authorship And Research Productivity, Frank Neri, Joan R. Rodgers

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Lucas (1988) hypothesised that human capital externalities explain persistent productivity growth and become manifest via interactions between workplace colleagues. Consistent with the first part of this hypothesis, Fox and Milbourne (2006) concluded that an increase in the average level of human capital in Australian economics departments raised the research productivity of departmental members. This paper tests the robustness of this finding by using a direct, rather than a proxy, measure of human capital and confirms the existence of human capital externalities within Australian economics departments. But we extend the analysis in two important dimensions. Firstly, we investigate the second part …


Through The Eyes Of Ex-Foster Children: Placement Success And The Characteristics Of Good Foster Carers, Melanie Randle Jan 2013

Through The Eyes Of Ex-Foster Children: Placement Success And The Characteristics Of Good Foster Carers, Melanie Randle

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Most research focusing on foster placement success or the characteristics of good foster carers is based on the opinions of people currently involved in the foster care system, such as foster carers, social workers or children in care. The few studies which include former foster children usually collect factual (usually quantitative) data to evaluate their pathways or achievements since leaving care, such as educational attainment or employment. This study differs because it examines the perceptions and opinions of adults who were in foster care as children, in relation to the important issues of what constitutes successful foster placement and the …


Development And Validation Of An Instrument To Measure User Perceived Service Quality Of Mhealth, Shahriar Akter, John D'Ambra, Pradeep Ray Jan 2013

Development And Validation Of An Instrument To Measure User Perceived Service Quality Of Mhealth, Shahriar Akter, John D'Ambra, Pradeep Ray

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The role of service quality in fostering the growth of mHealth services has gained much attention in the academic and practitioner communities. However, empirical research in this area has been beset by inadequate conceptualization and the lack of a validated scale. This study addresses these limitations by theoretically conceptualizing and empirically validating a multidimensional service quality scale in the mHealth context. The findings show that mHealth service quality is a hierarchical, multidimensional, and reflective construct, which consists of three primary dimensions and eight subdimensions. The results also confirm that the mHealth service quality scale is more effective at predicting satisfaction …


A Critical Assessment Of The Role Of Fashion In Influencing The Travel Decision And Destination Choice, Clifford Lewis, Gregory M. Kerr, Lois Burgess Jan 2013

A Critical Assessment Of The Role Of Fashion In Influencing The Travel Decision And Destination Choice, Clifford Lewis, Gregory M. Kerr, Lois Burgess

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

While the word fashion is often associated with clothing and accessories, the objective of this paper is to argue that as a broader concept, fashion has relevance to tourism. It is argued that fashion can influence behaviour and both the decision to travel, and the destination selected may in some cases be a fashion statement by the traveller. Following discussion as to the meanings and explanations of fashion, a conceptual model is presented having the purpose of demonstrating how fashion can be a moderating variable in the travel decision and destination selection process. The model proposes the influence of fashion …


A Practice-Based Approach To Student Reflection In The Workplace During A Work-Integrated Learning Placement, Christopher Sykes, Bonnie Amelia Dean Jan 2013

A Practice-Based Approach To Student Reflection In The Workplace During A Work-Integrated Learning Placement, Christopher Sykes, Bonnie Amelia Dean

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

In the Work-Integrated Learning (WIL) curriculum, reflection on workplace activities is widely used to support student learning. Recent critiques have demonstrated the limitations of current approaches to support students' reflective learning of workplace practices. By employing a practice-based approach, we seek to refocus WIL reflection on workplace practices, emphasising the 'embedded (social), engaged (practice) and embodied (material) aspects' of students' reflective practices in the workplace. We argue that reflection-in-the-midst-of-action includes an often-overlooked phenomenological contribution that shifts attention from cognition to action. This study uses a case study of one typical WIL student to illustrate the importance of reflection-in-the-midst-of-action and the …


Institution Building And Variation In The Formation Of The Australian Wool Market, David Merrett, Simon Ville Jan 2013

Institution Building And Variation In The Formation Of The Australian Wool Market, David Merrett, Simon Ville

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The relocation of the wool market from London to the major Australian port cities from the late nineteenth century required the formation of an institution to govern the auction business, namely the wool brokers' association. Regional variations, among Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane, occurred in the structure and effectiveness of the institution despite each regional association having been formed around the same time, for the same purpose, and with an overlap of participating firms. We draw on institution theory to guide our account and find that the impact of legacy factors and differences in market conditions explain the regional variations.


Does Ceo Pay Dispersion Matter In An Emerging Market? Evidence From China's Listed Firms, Fang Hu, Xiaofei Pan, Gary Tian Jan 2013

Does Ceo Pay Dispersion Matter In An Emerging Market? Evidence From China's Listed Firms, Fang Hu, Xiaofei Pan, Gary Tian

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines how the institutional features of emerging economies (i.e., government ownership, political connections, and market reform) influence CEO pay-dispersion incentives. Consistent with our expectation, we find that CEO pay dispersion generally provides a tournament incentive in China's emerging market, as it is positively associated with firm performance. In addition, tournament incentives are weaker where firms are controlled by the government and where the CEO is politically connected, but it became stronger after the China's split-share structure reforms. Further, we find that in state controlled firms the satisfaction gained by meeting multiple economic and social goals largely reduces the …


Estimating And Forecasting Residential Electricity Demand In Iran, Elham Pourazarm, Arusha Cooray Jan 2013

Estimating And Forecasting Residential Electricity Demand In Iran, Elham Pourazarm, Arusha Cooray

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This study examines the short- and the long-run relationship between electricity demand and its determinants in the Iranian residential sector. The study employs unit root tests, cointegration and error-correction models on annual time series for the period, 1967-2009. The results show that electricity price is insignificant and income elasticity is lower than unity. The most influential factor influencing household electricity demand is cooling degree days. The number of electrified villages (an indicator of economic progress) is statistically significant, showing that economic progress has a positive impact on electricity demand. Electricity demand is forecast until 2020. The results show that under …


Trade Liberalisation And Manufacturing Wage Premiums: Evidence From Thailand, Kankesu Jayanthakumaran, Piyapong Sangkaew, Martin O'Brien Jan 2013

Trade Liberalisation And Manufacturing Wage Premiums: Evidence From Thailand, Kankesu Jayanthakumaran, Piyapong Sangkaew, Martin O'Brien

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This paper investigates trade related industrial wage premiums. The procedure involves (1) estimating industrial wage premiums and (2) linking those estimated wage premiums to trade related variables. Results reveal that (1) in addition to workers' characteristics, industry characteristics where workers are employed were important in determining the wages for workers, (2) falling output tariffs resulted in increased wage premiums, and (3) an increase in intermediate imports exerted a strong positive influence on wage premiums. Linked employer and employee micro data may provide further insights which are currently not available.


The Economy, Simon Ville Jan 2013

The Economy, Simon Ville

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The rapid expansion and diversifi cation of the economy in the twentieth century brought immense wealth and many new opportunities to many Australians. Real per capita income grew nearly sixfold in the century following Federation. When the first federal parliament met on 9 May 1901, Australia was still suffering the effects of the 1890s downturn, and it would wait another seven years until average incomes returned to their pre-Depression peak of 1891. The following four decades were marked by the uncertainty surrounding two world wars and an inter-war Depression. Higher levels of real income began to be achieved by the …


Earnings Quality And Stress Levels Of Chinese Listed Companies, Feng Li, Indra Abeysekera, Shiguang Ma Jan 2013

Earnings Quality And Stress Levels Of Chinese Listed Companies, Feng Li, Indra Abeysekera, Shiguang Ma

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This paper investigates the relation between earnings quality and stress levels of Chinese companies listed in Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges from 2003 to 2007 by classifying them as financially stressed and bankrupt (SB), financially stressed and not bankrupt (SNB), and not financially stressed and not bankrupt (NSNB) firms. We measure the earnings quality by four separate attributes: accruals quality, earnings persistence, earnings predictability, and earnings smoothness. We find that earnings quality levels are parallel to firm's stress levels: the SB firms have the lowest earnings quality measured by each of the four earnings attributes, the SNB firms have a …


Stages Of Trust Development In Banking Relationship, Shyam S. Bhati, Anura De Zoysa Jan 2013

Stages Of Trust Development In Banking Relationship, Shyam S. Bhati, Anura De Zoysa

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Using data collected from eight bank branches in India, this study examines how the trust between branch manager and loan officer begins and develops in multiple stages over a period of time. It seeks to fill an important gap in the academic literature on the development of trust between trustor and trusted over a period of time by empirically examining the trust relationship between branch manager and loan officer in a bank. The results of the cross case qualitative analysis conducted on stages of trust development using pattern matching technique suggest that trust relationship between branch manager and loan officer …


Enhancing The Educational Subject: Cognitive Capitalism, Positive Psychology And Well-Being Training In Schools, James Reveley Jan 2013

Enhancing The Educational Subject: Cognitive Capitalism, Positive Psychology And Well-Being Training In Schools, James Reveley

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Positive psychology is influencing educational policy and practice in Britain and North America. This article reveals how this psychological discourse and its offshoot school-based training programs, which stress happiness, self-improvement and well-being, align with an emergent socioeconomic formation: cognitive capitalism. Three key points are made. First, there is an elective affinity between cognitive capitalism and positive psychology, whose advocates promote 'mindfulness','curiosity' and 'psychological flexibility' as the means to personal fulfilment. Second, an array of technologies of the self spring from the positive psychology discourse; mindfulness practice is one of these. Currently being trialled in British and North American schools, this …


Assessment Guiding Learning: Developing Graduate Qualities In An Experiential Learning Programme, Michael David Clements, Bonnie Amelia Dean Jan 2013

Assessment Guiding Learning: Developing Graduate Qualities In An Experiential Learning Programme, Michael David Clements, Bonnie Amelia Dean

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

As industry demands increase for a new type of graduate, there is more pressure than ever before for higher education (HE) to respond by cultivating and developing students who are prepared for these workplace challenges. This paper explores an innovative experiential learning programme built on the principles of work-related learning that develops students to attain graduate qualities for competitiveness in the business sector. The role and importance of assessment as a core influence for learning is recognised and embedded into the programme, as well as the prevalence of meeting the needs of its stakeholders. Issues concerning assessing work-oriented learning are …


Modelling Real-Time Online Information Needs: A New Research Approach For Complex Consumer Behaviour, Robert G. Grant, Rodney J. Clarke, Elias Kyriazis Jan 2013

Modelling Real-Time Online Information Needs: A New Research Approach For Complex Consumer Behaviour, Robert G. Grant, Rodney J. Clarke, Elias Kyriazis

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

A major challenge for online vendor website operations is serving information that meets visitor needs at a given point in their purchase process. The problem arises from the complexity of human behaviour as well as changing needs with the evolution of consumer knowledge and skills through the purchase process. The most difficult element however is determining the effects of information provided on the site as well as from other sources that the consumer may access and anticipating resulting consumer needs. This paper discusses the contributions and limitations of current modelling techniques and utility studies of online consumer information to model …


Modelling The Impact Of Mhealth Service Quality On Satisfaction, Continuance And Quality Of Life, Shahriar Akter, John D'Ambra, Pradeep Ray, Umme Hani Jan 2013

Modelling The Impact Of Mhealth Service Quality On Satisfaction, Continuance And Quality Of Life, Shahriar Akter, John D'Ambra, Pradeep Ray, Umme Hani

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Understanding the impact of service quality on economic and social outcomes is critical to extend the focus of IT service research. This study evaluates the impact of quality on both these dimensions in mHealth using a cross disciplinary approach. The conceptual model is rooted in the traditional cognition-affective-conation chain but explicitly incorporates convenience, confidence, cooperation, care and concern as the primary dimensions of mHealth quality. The model is validated in the context of a business-to-consumer mHealth services using partial least squares path modelling. The results confirm that service quality has both direct and indirect impact on continuance intentions (i.e. economic …


Thai Manufacturing Small And Medium Sized Enterprise Technical Efficiency: Evidence From Firm-Level Industrial Census Data, Teerawat Charoenrat, Charles Harvie, Yot Amornkitvikai Jan 2013

Thai Manufacturing Small And Medium Sized Enterprise Technical Efficiency: Evidence From Firm-Level Industrial Census Data, Teerawat Charoenrat, Charles Harvie, Yot Amornkitvikai

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Thai manufacturing small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) face intense competition in domestic and foreign markets. Given their importance to the economic development of the country it is important to have a clear understanding of their readiness to face the rigors of international competition, including the barriers and specific problems that they face. This study uses a stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) and technical inefficiency effects model to analyze the technical efficiency of Thai manufacturing SMEs and key factors impacting upon it. Analysis of cross-sectional data from a 2007 census of Thai manufacturing SMEs indicates that their weighted average technical efficiency …


Do Countries Belonging To The Same Region Suggest The Same Growth Enhancing Variables? Evidence From Selected South Asian Countries, Arusha Cooray, Antonio Paradiso, Francesco Giovanni Truglia Jan 2013

Do Countries Belonging To The Same Region Suggest The Same Growth Enhancing Variables? Evidence From Selected South Asian Countries, Arusha Cooray, Antonio Paradiso, Francesco Giovanni Truglia

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

We investigate the growth enhancing variables in a group of countries belonging to the same geographical area namely, India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh over the period 1960-2010. We find that this "homogeneity" does not necessarily imply that countries have the same growth enhancing variables due mainly to differences in institutions and policies. Our result suggests that time-series econometrics are preferable to identify the growth drivers for a country accurately.


The Reception Of Anglo Leadership Styles In A Transforming Society: The Case Of American Companies In Vietnam, Anne Vo, Zeenobiyah N. Hannif Jan 2013

The Reception Of Anglo Leadership Styles In A Transforming Society: The Case Of American Companies In Vietnam, Anne Vo, Zeenobiyah N. Hannif

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This article examines the transfer of Anglo leadership styles in a transforming society. It aims to investigate the transferability of two American leadership styles, namely performance-oriented and participative styles, to Vietnamese subsidiaries. Utilising an exploratory case study approach, this article presents evidence of a strong acceptance of these leadership styles, and tries to ascertain whether the adoption of a humane style of leadership in line with Vietnamese traditions is a means of leaders reconciling the cultural gap. Several complexities arise from the transforming nature of the Vietnamese socio-political and economic context. Specifically, the importance of subcultures - particularly those relating …


Not All Repeat Customers Are The Same: Designing Effective Cross-Selling Promotion On The Basis Of Attitudinal Loyalty And Habit, Yuping Liu-Thompkins, Leona Tam Jan 2013

Not All Repeat Customers Are The Same: Designing Effective Cross-Selling Promotion On The Basis Of Attitudinal Loyalty And Habit, Yuping Liu-Thompkins, Leona Tam

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Not all repeat purchases are created equal. They can be driven by both positive reaction toward a brand (i.e., attitudinal loyalty) and automaticity triggered by non-brand-related contextual cues (i.e., habit). Combining the loyalty literature with recent habit research, the authors suggest ways to distinguish the two drivers of repeat purchase and examine how they affect consumer response to cross-selling promotions. In Study 1, the authors propose a method to derive individual-level habit strength from consumer transaction records and demonstrate the influence of both attitudinal loyalty and habit on repeat purchase. Studies 2a and 2b then show that attitudinal loyalty facilitates …


Mhealth Technologies For Chronic Diseases And Elders: A Systematic Review, Giovanni Chiarini, Pradeep Ray, Shahriar Akter, Cristina Masella, Aura Ganz Jan 2013

Mhealth Technologies For Chronic Diseases And Elders: A Systematic Review, Giovanni Chiarini, Pradeep Ray, Shahriar Akter, Cristina Masella, Aura Ganz

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

mHealth (healthcare using mobile wireless technologies) has the potential to improve healthcare and the quality of life for elderly and chronic patients. Many studies from all over the world have addressed this issue in view of the aging population in many countries. However, there has been a lack of any consolidated evidence-based study to classify mHealth from the dual perspectives of healthcare and technology. This paper reports the results of an evidence-based study of mHealth solutions for chronic care amongst the elderly population and proposes a taxonomy of a broad range of mHealth solutions from the perspective of technological complexity. …


Performance Audit In Government Sector Of An Emerging Market: A Case Of Indonesia, Parulian Silaen Jan 2013

Performance Audit In Government Sector Of An Emerging Market: A Case Of Indonesia, Parulian Silaen

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

In 1995 the OECD (Organisations for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries had a symposium in Paris on 6-7 June 1995 and came up with the 5 types of PA (Performance Audit) practiced by OECD countries. These 5 types of PA has different unit of analysis, different mode of review, different scope of evaluation, and different focus of effort. Indonesia as one of country of emerging market is starting to move to new public management and progress the performance audit in public sector through its government regulation number 60, in 2008. The government unit that is assigned to coach the implementation …


An Analysis Of Mature Aged Female Participation In New South Wales Regional Labour Markets, Natalie Akmacic, Martin O'Brien Jan 2012

An Analysis Of Mature Aged Female Participation In New South Wales Regional Labour Markets, Natalie Akmacic, Martin O'Brien

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The analysis of regional markets has surfaced as an important emerging area of economic research in recent years. In particular, economists have attempted to explain the factors behind divergent trends in different regions' growth, migration, structural change and employment. With this in mind, the focus of this paper is to explore the trends in regional labour force participation for mature females over the period 1992 to present. The labour force participation of this group is particularly relevant in the context of Australia's ageing population. To analyse mature age participation we utilise ANOVA to determine the differences between various Australian regions …


Unordered Business Processes, Sustainability And Green Is, Helen Hasan Jan 2012

Unordered Business Processes, Sustainability And Green Is, Helen Hasan

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Green Information Systems (Green IS) provides a socio-technical perspective on the diverse complex phenomena of organisational sustainability. The Cynefin sense-making framework is eminently suitable for making sense of dynamic, complex phenomena and for guiding sensible decisions on how to meet the challenges they present. The Cynefin framework is described here and illustrated in terms of both ordered and unordered business processes. It is the unordered that are the least understood; but they are the most critical when it comes to sustainability. While order may be appropriate in the short term, sustainability issues also demand a more challenging long-term perspective. Just …


Strategic It Alignment: An Evaluation And Process-Level Reconceptualization Of The Construct, Magno Queiroz, Tim Coltman, Rajeev Sharma, Paul Tallon, Peter Reynolds Jan 2012

Strategic It Alignment: An Evaluation And Process-Level Reconceptualization Of The Construct, Magno Queiroz, Tim Coltman, Rajeev Sharma, Paul Tallon, Peter Reynolds

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Strategic IT alignment is an important construct that has been the subject of considerable scholarly attention. However, a close examination of how the construct has been defined and operationalized in the literature reveals a number of limitations and inconsistencies. In particular, the construct has been defined too broadly and used loosely to account for diverse phenomena. This situation is problematic because it undermines the relevance of IT alignment research for IS scholars and practitioners. This paper reviews enduring challenges to strategic alignment research and proposes a process level conceptualization for the construct. In particular, the proposed re conceptualization meets two …


Managing Collaboration Across Boundaries In Health Information Technology Projects, Karin H. Garrety, Andrew Dalley, Ian Mcloughlin, Rob Wilson, Ping Yu Jan 2012

Managing Collaboration Across Boundaries In Health Information Technology Projects, Karin H. Garrety, Andrew Dalley, Ian Mcloughlin, Rob Wilson, Ping Yu

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

One reason that it is so difficult to build electronic systems for collecting and sharing health information is that their design and implementation requires clear goals and a great deal of collaboration among people from diverse social and occupational worlds. This paper uses empirical examples from two Australian health informatics projects to illustrate the importance of boundary objects and boundary spanning activities in facilitating the high degree of collaboration required for the design and implementation of workable systems.


Increasing Demands On Information Systems And Infrastructures For Complex Decision-Making, Helen Hasan, Stephen Smith Jan 2012

Increasing Demands On Information Systems And Infrastructures For Complex Decision-Making, Helen Hasan, Stephen Smith

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

To extend the development of cumulative theory on the enduring themes of Information Systems (IS), we take an historical perspective of a core topic within the field, namely Decision Support Systems (DSS). Motivated by the complexity of strategic decision-making within the Climate Change Working Group of the State Government of New South Wales, we conducted a content analysis of IT strategy documentation from 1989 to the present. In our analysis of the resulting concept maps we observe the increasing dynamism and complexity of DSS over this period and suggest that we are now entering a critical era for IS in …


Divergent Approaches To Investment: A Tale Of Three Local Councils, Greg Jones, Ciorstan Smark, Anne Abraham Jan 2012

Divergent Approaches To Investment: A Tale Of Three Local Councils, Greg Jones, Ciorstan Smark, Anne Abraham

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The Global Financial Crisis of 2008 led to a substantial write-down in the value of investments such as Collateralised Debt Obligations (CDOs) with one class of investors being NSW local councils. This paper analyses interviews with three local councils, each of which took a substantially different approach to CDO investment. It adopts the lens of Bourdieu's Theory of Practice to describe and explain behaviour regarding decisions to invest (or not) in CDOs, and how these decisions impacted on them. Interesting themes arise regarding differing views on the appropriate role of local councils, and on the degree and form of "capital" …


Controversial Corporate Communications In A Controversial Industry: The Neutralisation Of Regulatory Change In The Australian Electronic Gaming Industry, Alan Pomering Jan 2012

Controversial Corporate Communications In A Controversial Industry: The Neutralisation Of Regulatory Change In The Australian Electronic Gaming Industry, Alan Pomering

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) claims are often included in the response to withdrawal of legitimacy in order to manage the impression of the organisation as meeting societal expectations, particularly in controversial industries. Alternatively, an organisation may argue its legitimacy. This paper considers the latter response, arguing that registered clubs, a controversial sector of the Australian gambling industry, use techniques of neutralisation in an attempt to justify their continued targeting of a vulnerable gambling consumer segment, problem gamblers, and forestall Government efforts to impose increased regulation over electronic gaming machines (EGMs), the key source of registered club revenues. Little extant research …