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Australia

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Intergenerational Transmission Of Body Mass And Obesity Status In Australia, Adrian James, Silvia Mendolia, Alfredo R. Paloyo Jan 2020

Intergenerational Transmission Of Body Mass And Obesity Status In Australia, Adrian James, Silvia Mendolia, Alfredo R. Paloyo

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

We are grateful to two anonymous reviewers and the editor, Professor Garry Barrett, for comments and suggestions that improved the manuscript. In particular, we would like to acknowledge their openness to the use of "people‐first language" when talking about persons with obesity. Likewise, we are thankful to seminar participants at the Center for Health Economics at Monash University and the Asian Development Bank. We also benefitted from conference and workshop participants at the International Health Economics Association Conference in Basel, the Workshop on the Economics of Health, Inequality, and Behavior at Macquarie University, and the Applied Econometrics Workshop at Victoria …


Bi-Lateral Co2 Emissions Embodied In Australia-China Trade, Kankesu Jayanthakumaran, Ying Liu Jan 2016

Bi-Lateral Co2 Emissions Embodied In Australia-China Trade, Kankesu Jayanthakumaran, Ying Liu

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This paper quantifies the CO2 emissions embodied in bi-lateral trade between Australia and China using a sectoral input-output model. The results revealed: (1) that China performs lower than Australia in clean technology in the primary, manufacturing, energy sectors due to their overuse of coal and inefficient sectoral production processes, and (2) that China had a 30.94 Mt surplus of bi-lateral CO2 emissions in 2010-2011 and (3) overall global emissions were reduced by 20.19 Mt through Australia-China trade in 2010-2011. The result indicates that the greater the energy efficient a country among the trading partners the lower will be the overall …


Does The Military Turn Men Into Criminals? New Evidence From Australia's Conscription Lotteries, Peter Siminski, Simon Ville, Alexander Paull Jan 2016

Does The Military Turn Men Into Criminals? New Evidence From Australia's Conscription Lotteries, Peter Siminski, Simon Ville, Alexander Paull

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

In this paper, we estimate the effect of military service on the perpetration of crime. Several hypothesized links exist between service and crime, but recent quasi-experimental studies on this subject have produced mixed results. Our contribution to this literature uses Australia's Vietnam era conscription lotteries for identification along with criminal court data from Australia's three largest states. We find no evidence that military service increases or decreases crime in any category. In our preferred specification, the 95 % confidence interval rules out positive (negative) effects larger than 11 % (10 %) relative to the mean crime rate.


Australia Slow To Capitalise On Islamic Finance Opportunities, George Mickhail Jan 2015

Australia Slow To Capitalise On Islamic Finance Opportunities, George Mickhail

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Australia has one of the most efficient and competitive 'full service' financial sectors in the Asia Pacific region and is situated close to the fastest-growing region in the world. The Islamic finance industry is not only growing rapidly in the world, but is also showing stability and resilience in the face of instability in the global markets. However, Australia has been slow to capitalize on the opportunity to develop and export Islamic finance services.


Accounting And Accountability For Disability Benefits: A Foucauldian Study Of The History Of Disability Benefit Protocols In Australia (1909-1961), Mona Nikidehaghani, Michael Ibrahim Mehmet Jan 2015

Accounting And Accountability For Disability Benefits: A Foucauldian Study Of The History Of Disability Benefit Protocols In Australia (1909-1961), Mona Nikidehaghani, Michael Ibrahim Mehmet

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Public welfare payments have played a central role in providing financial-and service-based support for the disabled in Australia since the early part of the twentieth century. This study examines the role that discursive regimes of accounting and accountability have played in these regimes between 1909 and 1961. By examining the Means Test, a key technique and strategy used to qualify or disqualify citizens as disabled, the paper demonstrates the salient role that accounting techniques have played in these governmental programs. Through this demonstration the study reveals the array of implications for the disabled of accounting techniques applied to their identities …


Is Islamic Finance Wanted In Australia?, George Mickhail Jan 2015

Is Islamic Finance Wanted In Australia?, George Mickhail

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

PwC and EY had independently found that the global market in Islamic fi nance has been growing at an average annual rate of 17% since 2009 and will continue to do so until 2017.


Household Distributional And Revenue Recycling Effects Of The Carbon Price In Australia, Disna Sajeewani, Mahinda Siriwardana, Judith Mcneill Jan 2015

Household Distributional And Revenue Recycling Effects Of The Carbon Price In Australia, Disna Sajeewani, Mahinda Siriwardana, Judith Mcneill

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The Australian Government introduced a carbon tax from 1 July 2012. The then opposition party leader, now Prime Minister, introduced legislation to repeal the tax. Amongst the many issues being debated is that of the incidence of the tax. In this study, we explore household consumption and income changes arising from a A$23 carbon price employing a computable general equilibrium model (entitled A3E-G). The model has been calibrated using a social accounting matrix database of Australia with 10 household income groups. This carbon price generates A$6.39 billion revenue while reducing Australia's carbon emissions by 11%. The empirical evidence suggests household …


Case Study: Transfield And Tenex: Endurance And Weakness In Two Migrant Family Businesses In Australia, Mary Barrett Jan 2014

Case Study: Transfield And Tenex: Endurance And Weakness In Two Migrant Family Businesses In Australia, Mary Barrett

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Transfield is one of Australia's most prominent construction companies. The name itself: "trans" meaning across and "field", which suggests open spaces, reflects the firm's origins as a venture founded by two Italian emigrants, Carlo Salteri and Franco Belgiorni-Nettis, who crossed huge distances to Australia before establishing their own firm.


What Happens When Digital Information Systems Are Brought Into Health And Social Care? Comparing Approaches To Social Policy In England And Australia, Susan Baines, Penelope Hill, Karin Garrety Jan 2014

What Happens When Digital Information Systems Are Brought Into Health And Social Care? Comparing Approaches To Social Policy In England And Australia, Susan Baines, Penelope Hill, Karin Garrety

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This review article offers a brief comparative overview of approaches to the application of public sector information systems in England and Australia, with particular reference to health and social care. Since the 1990s, reforms to the public sector in both countries have looked to information and communication technologies (ICTs) from the private sector as the key to modern, citizen-centred services. These efforts have been conducted in the wider context of New Public Management, with the emphasis on the marketisation of government services, reducing the size of the state, and improvements in efficiency. Both countries are typically seen as being at, …


The Current Retirement System In Australia Needs To Be More Attuned To A Mobile International Workforce: A Case For Reform, Rhys Cormick, John A. Mclaren Jan 2014

The Current Retirement System In Australia Needs To Be More Attuned To A Mobile International Workforce: A Case For Reform, Rhys Cormick, John A. Mclaren

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Dealing with the fiscal impacts of Australia's ageing population is potentially the most important issue for the next 30 years. The majority of countries in the developed world are facing an ageing population due to sustained low fertility and increased life expectancy. In order to reduce the fiscal burden following this decreased labour force participation and increased age-related spending, governments must appropriately design retirement savings systems to protect their budget, the taxpayers and the elderly. Individuals are increasingly taking up employment in foreign countries. Such international labour mobility provides a number of economic benefits for both the home and host …


Degrees Of Sophistication In Social Media Adoption For Tourism Operators In Australia - A Preliminary Analysis, Nina Mistilis, Ulrike Gretzel Jan 2014

Degrees Of Sophistication In Social Media Adoption For Tourism Operators In Australia - A Preliminary Analysis, Nina Mistilis, Ulrike Gretzel

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Given that SM is one of the "mega trends" that has significantly impacted the tourism system, this paper aims to provide an initial analysis for tourism operators in Australia in terms of the degrees of sophistication of SM adoption. A survey of 2172 tourism operators in Australia across five industry sectors revealed that two thirds had a Social Media site presence. However, in terms of sophistication measured by number of sites on which they had a presence, their updating frequency of site contents and monitoring the number and level of consumer engagement, the results indicated the level of sophistication could …


National Electronic Health Records And The Digital Disruption Of Moral Orders, Karin Garrety, Ian Mcloughlin, Rob Wilson, Gregor Zelle, Mike Martin Jan 2014

National Electronic Health Records And The Digital Disruption Of Moral Orders, Karin Garrety, Ian Mcloughlin, Rob Wilson, Gregor Zelle, Mike Martin

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The digitalisation of patient health data to provide national electronic health record systems (NEHRS) is a major objective of many governments. Proponents claim that NEHRS will streamline care, reduce mistakes and cut costs. However, building these systems has proved highly problematic. Using recent developments in Australia as an example, we argue that a hitherto unexamined source of difficulty concerns the way NEHRS disrupt the moral orders governing the production, ownership, use of and responsibility for health records. Policies that pursue digitalisation as a self-evident 'solution' to problems in healthcare without due regard to these disruptions risk alienating key stakeholders. We …


A Uniform Land Tax In Australia: What Is The Potential For This To Be A Reality Post The "Henry Tax Review"?, John A. Mclaren Jan 2014

A Uniform Land Tax In Australia: What Is The Potential For This To Be A Reality Post The "Henry Tax Review"?, John A. Mclaren

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Land tax was one of the main issues examined by Dr Ken Henry in his review on "Australia's Future Tax System" and the review recommended its increased importance in raising revenue in Australia. The classical economists such as Smith, Ricardo and Mill recommended the imposition of a tax on land. Henry George also strongly advocated a tax on land instead of a tax on labour or capital. They also contended that such a tax was both efficient and equitable. This paper will examine the current position with land tax in Australia and the views of the early economists advocating the …


A Study Of Analyst Forecast Reliability In Australia, Alina Maydybura, Dionigi Gerace, Brian Andrew Jan 2013

A Study Of Analyst Forecast Reliability In Australia, Alina Maydybura, Dionigi Gerace, Brian Andrew

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The purpose of this paper is to determine whether time weighted consensus estimates offer a more effective method for predicting company actual EPS figures than simple mean or median analysis. The study aims to construct a more comprehensive earnings forecast signal using analyst earnings forecasts that have been weighted based on the timeliness of updates. Aimed at extracting valuable information from timely analyst forecasts, the time weighted earnings signal (TWES) methodology allows extracting valuable information from analysts who possess some unique insights about the market and issue their updates more frequently. One would expect the time signal to reflect a …


The Australian Capital Territory Has Adopted Measures To Abolish Stamp Duty And Impose A Land Tax On All Real Property: Will This Approach Be Adopted By Other States In Australia?, John A. Mclaren Jan 2013

The Australian Capital Territory Has Adopted Measures To Abolish Stamp Duty And Impose A Land Tax On All Real Property: Will This Approach Be Adopted By Other States In Australia?, John A. Mclaren

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

From 1 July 2012 the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) imposed land tax, in the form of general rates, on all commercial and residential property in the ACT, including owner occupied homes, on a progressive basis. Marginal rates of tax are applied on increased values of the land. The ACT is unique in that there is no local government so the ACT government was able to increase its general rates on owner‐occupied homes and reduce land tax on investment properties and commercial properties. As a result of the subsequent increase in government revenue, the ACT has substantially reduced stamp duty on …


Book Review: Ian W. Mclean. Why Australia Prospered: The Shifting Sources Of Economic Growth, Simon Ville Jan 2013

Book Review: Ian W. Mclean. Why Australia Prospered: The Shifting Sources Of Economic Growth, Simon Ville

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

In a series of articles written over many years, Ian W. McLean has addressed the dual questions of how Australia attained high levels of prosperity less than a century after European settlement and why it has since remained amongst the wealthiest of nations. Although this book is not a comprehensive study of Australian economic history, it builds on this earlier body of work and brings together his answers to these questions. It is engagingly written, helped by the minimal use of technical material and the creation of counterfactual scenarios in several places. Most important of all is McLean's impressive use …


The Dynamics Of Resource-Based Economic Development: Evidence From Australia And Norway, Simon Ville, Olav Wicken Jan 2013

The Dynamics Of Resource-Based Economic Development: Evidence From Australia And Norway, Simon Ville, Olav Wicken

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Australia and Norway have achieved modern levels of development as resourcebased economies, thus avoiding the so-called resource curse. Their ability to achieve this rested heavily on repeated diversification into new resource products and industries. These processes relied largely on innovation, confirming the close ties that have existed between resource-based industries and knowledgeproducing and disseminating sectors of society. We develop a resource-based diversification model that analyses the interaction between "enabling sectors" and resource industries and apply it to the historical experience of the two countries.


Given The Fact That Australia Has Had A 'Petroleum Resource Rent Tax' Since 1987, Why Should There Be Any Opposition To A 'Mineral Resource Rent Tax'?, John A. Mclaren, Pierre Chabal Jan 2011

Given The Fact That Australia Has Had A 'Petroleum Resource Rent Tax' Since 1987, Why Should There Be Any Opposition To A 'Mineral Resource Rent Tax'?, John A. Mclaren, Pierre Chabal

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The Australian Government introduced a resource rent tax on offshore oil and gas deposits in 1987 and since then it has raised in excess of an additional $1 billion a year in revenue over and above the normal company tax on income. At the time it was being introduced a great deal of controversy followed the proposed introduction of the petroleum resource rent tax (PRRT). On 2 November 2011, the Australian government introduced the raft of bills into Parliament for the imposition of a Mineral Resource Rent Tax (MRRT) on profit generated from iron ore, coal and gas from coal …


The Distinction Between Tax Avoidance And Tax Evasion Has Become Blurred In Australia: Why Has It Happened?, John Mclaren Jan 2008

The Distinction Between Tax Avoidance And Tax Evasion Has Become Blurred In Australia: Why Has It Happened?, John Mclaren

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The distinction between tax avoidance and tax evasion has been well established in the Australian taxation system. However, for some time the Australian Government has ignored the difference between the two concepts when it comes to Australians using tax havens and being investigated as part of 'Project Wickenby'.1The Australian Government is deliberately labelling all attempts to minimise income tax through the use of tax havens and offshore financial centres (OFCs) as tax evasion and therefore a criminal act. There have been examples quoted in the press where the Australian Crime Commission, conducting investigations as part of 'Project Wickenby', have gained …


Personal Income Tax Reform In Australia: A Specific Proposal, Binh Tran-Nam, Linh Vu, Brian Andrew Jan 2007

Personal Income Tax Reform In Australia: A Specific Proposal, Binh Tran-Nam, Linh Vu, Brian Andrew

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines the possibility that foreign aid financing for public capital accumulation in developing countries may lead to excess depreciation of capital. The depreciation rate on public capital is endogenised in a general equilibrium framework in which the government collects a consumption tax to finance maintenance and repair expenditures as well as public investment. Tow simple cases are formulated and analysed to show that excess depreciation of public capital may result from budgetary and international aid and financing distortions that skew allocations to new investment rather than to maintenance of existing capital.


The State Of Representative Participation In Australia: Where To Next?, Raymond Markey Jan 2004

The State Of Representative Participation In Australia: Where To Next?, Raymond Markey

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The article first examines the rationale for representative participation, and the circumstances under which it has spread internationally. It then surveys the existing data for representative participation in Australia, and presents a case for legislation to introduce a generalised system of German-style works councils. The paper concludes that the first step towards this end should be the instigation of a major research agenda to discover more regarding the elements of historical and contemporary practice which have accounted for success and failure in representative participation in Australia.


Improving The Efficiency Of Sporting Venues Through Capacity Management - The Case Of The Sydney (Australia) Cricket Ground Trust, Paul Preda, Ted Watts Jan 2003

Improving The Efficiency Of Sporting Venues Through Capacity Management - The Case Of The Sydney (Australia) Cricket Ground Trust, Paul Preda, Ted Watts

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Capacity management seeks to improve organizational effectiveness through improved operational efficiency and reduced congestion. The article contends that there are major similarities between manufacturing organizations and sporting venues with respect to issues of capacity management. This article reports the findings of two capacity management studies undertaken at a major sporting venue in Sydney, Australia, and relates the findings to capacity management theory articulated in current capacity literature and exhibited in existing management practice. It is proposed that by understanding the well-developed techniques presented in the production capacity literature, venue managers may be able to identify pockets of idle capacity and …


Australia's External Debt: Is It A Symptom Or A Cause Of Economic Slowdown?, Khorshed Chowdhury Jan 2000

Australia's External Debt: Is It A Symptom Or A Cause Of Economic Slowdown?, Khorshed Chowdhury

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Amidst the debate surrounding the 'debt problem' in Australia, the key analytical issue of whether external debt is a symptom or a cause of economic slowdown has been ignored. Sachs (1990) and Kenen (1990) argued that the external 'debt overhang' is a primary cause of economic slowdown and acts as an obstacle to economic growth. The second view is by Bulow and Rogoff (1990) who argue that the external debts are a symptom of poor economic management and performance rather than a primary cause of stifled economic growth. The statistical tests of causal relationships between the GDP growth rate and …


Asians: The New Metics Of Australia, Lissa Cheng, George Michel Ezzie Mickhail Jan 1998

Asians: The New Metics Of Australia, Lissa Cheng, George Michel Ezzie Mickhail

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The Asian immigration debate has become one of the most contentious topics of debate in Australia. Little about the debate is new and most of the arguments, both in favour and against, begin with demographic considerations, then move on to the economic consequences of immigration and the social and cultural ramifications. Delving deeper into the debate, one will realize that there is an underlying assumption of the economic theory of laissez-faire, which is the driving force of the debate. The new realities of global electronic commerce with laissez-faire economic theory have been transposed onto Australia's immigration policy. The government …