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Implications Of Ownership Identity And Insider's Supremacy On The Economic Performance Of The Listed Companies, Qaiser Rafique Yasser, Abdullah Al Mamun Jan 2014

Implications Of Ownership Identity And Insider's Supremacy On The Economic Performance Of The Listed Companies, Qaiser Rafique Yasser, Abdullah Al Mamun

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

We adopt a multi-theoretic approach to investigate a previously unexplored phenomenon in extant literature, namely the differential impact of ownership identity and director dominate shareholding on the performance of emerging market firms. The main research question addressed is, whether the impact of this relationship is conditional on the identity of the block investor. First, the relationship between overall block ownership and firm performance is tested by employing multiple regressions on 500 firm-year observations for the period from 2007 to 2011. Then, the block ownership is classified as the state, individuals, insiders, financial institutions, corporate and foreign investors and the influence …


Ceo Duality Structure And Firm Performance In Pakistan, Qaiser Rafique Yasser, Abdullah Al Mamun, Abdul Suriya Jan 2014

Ceo Duality Structure And Firm Performance In Pakistan, Qaiser Rafique Yasser, Abdullah Al Mamun, Abdul Suriya

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This article examines the impact of CEO duality on firm performance; which attracted much attention, especially in emerging economies, yet yielded several inconsistent empirical results. CEO duality exists when the offices of the CEO and Chairman are retained by the same person. This study examines the relationship between CEO duality and the performance of Pakistani public listed companies by using a sample of five years, from 2007 to 2011. This study tested the hypotheses with data obtained from the Karachi Stock Exchange 100 indexed firms, and employed the agency and stewardship theory perspectives. However, our empirical results do not show …


The Impact Of Demographic Factors On Tax Compliance Attitude And Behavior In Malaysia, Abdullah Al Mamun, Harry Entebang, Shazali Abu Mansor, Qaiser Rafique Yasser, Thurai Murugan Nathan Jan 2014

The Impact Of Demographic Factors On Tax Compliance Attitude And Behavior In Malaysia, Abdullah Al Mamun, Harry Entebang, Shazali Abu Mansor, Qaiser Rafique Yasser, Thurai Murugan Nathan

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This research explored the existence of differences in the impact of demographic factors on tax compliance attitude and behavior in Johor Bahru, Johor. The sample for the preliminary study is small which 92 respondents only and thus the optimum of the results is limited. The result of this investigation shows the ignorance of taw law among taxpayers in Johor Bahru, Johor may be a significant concern to the Government. Majority of the respondents agree that cash received for work dine is taxable but view bartering goods with a friend and not reporting it, though illegal, on their tax return as …


The Science Of Attracting Foster Carers, Melanie Randle, Leonie Miller, Sara Dolnicar, Joseph Ciarrochi Jan 2014

The Science Of Attracting Foster Carers, Melanie Randle, Leonie Miller, Sara Dolnicar, Joseph Ciarrochi

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Across the world the number of children needing a foster home is increasing; however, the number of individuals willing to foster a child is decreasing. It is therefore critical to gain insight into the barriers preventing people from fostering a child. Using data from a 2009 survey of 756 Australians, combinations of barriers are investigated by conducting a posteriori segmentation analysis within the market of potential foster carers. Four segments are identified and profiled to determined significant differences in terms of psychological and socio-demographic characteristics. Findings, including the fact that almost one-third of respondents indicated that they had not considered …


Tourism Marketing Communications On A Chinese Social Media Platform, Jing Ge Jan 2014

Tourism Marketing Communications On A Chinese Social Media Platform, Jing Ge

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Social media have become important communicative platforms for tourism marketers but it is not clear if and how the communicative language of marketerto- consumer is different from consumer-to-consumer. Given the enormous growth of both tourism and social media in China, this paper focuses on patterns in language use by the Chinese tourism marketers on Weibo. Using systemic semiotic approach, it selects and investigates two corpora of communication on Weibo - tourism to consumer and consumer to consumer. This study expects to provide the firm understanding and categorize the patterns in the language used by Chinese social media marketers so that …


Do Smart Phones Bring Us Closer? A Family Life And Vacation Perspective, Heather Kennedy-Eden Jan 2014

Do Smart Phones Bring Us Closer? A Family Life And Vacation Perspective, Heather Kennedy-Eden

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Relationships developed in families are crucial because these bonds play an integral part in learning how to function and interact in society. In the past, these bonds were strengthened by spending leisure time together as a family but now smart phone technology provides opportunities for individual entertainment, connecting on social media, and spending time physically together while being emotionally separated. This research looks at this issue from a systems theory perspective, conceptualizing families as open, self-regulating social systems with the smart phone being a technical system within the family system. The smart phone acts as a conduit between immediate family …


Can A Carbon Tax Be Effective Without A Grand Coalition?, Amnon Levy Jan 2014

Can A Carbon Tax Be Effective Without A Grand Coalition?, Amnon Levy

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This paper analyzes an interaction between a carbon-tax collecting and investing coalition of rich countries, abstaining rich countries and poor countries. The non-coalition countries may suffer from loss of reputation and guilt and may overstate the emission-moderating effect of the carbon tax. As long as these three types of countries react to their counterparts' emissions, taxing carbon-dioxide emissions unilaterally does not necessarily reduce the global emissions. Nor does it necessarily moderate the emissions of the coalition.


A Psychological Profile Of Potential Youth Mentor Volunteers, Melanie Randle, Leonie Miller, Joseph Ciarrochi, Sara Dolnicar Jan 2014

A Psychological Profile Of Potential Youth Mentor Volunteers, Melanie Randle, Leonie Miller, Joseph Ciarrochi, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Mentoring programs rely on adult volunteers to offer disadvantaged children friendship, role modeling, and insight into the way others relate. However, with the increasing numbers of children requiring mentors, programs are finding it difficult to attract enough volunteers. This study investigates (a) community awareness of an Australian youth mentoring program, (b) the proportion of the population who would consider becoming a mentor in future, and (c) whether those who would consider it differ significantly in their psychological characteristics. While awareness of the program is low, consideration of mentoring is relatively high. Those who would consider volunteering for the program have …


In War As Well As In Peace: From The Displacement Effect To Incrementalism In Public Expenditures, Giuseppe Eusepi, Edgar Wilson Jan 2014

In War As Well As In Peace: From The Displacement Effect To Incrementalism In Public Expenditures, Giuseppe Eusepi, Edgar Wilson

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The paper will study the trend in public expenditure starting from the Peacock and Wiseman (1961)'s contribution known as displacement effect. In our view, the notion of displacement effect is important not for its capability to capture essentials in the mechanisms governing taxing and spending areas in public economy, but rather for what it does not explain: incrementalism in public expenditure. According to Peacock and Wiseman, wars allow governments to drastically increase expenditure without constraining government to go back to the pre-war levels once the war is over. Our main point is that the unbridled increase in public expenditure during …


Do Venture Capitalists Play A Monitoring Role In An Emerging Market? Evidence From The Pay-Performance Relationship Of Chinese Entrepreneurial Firms, Jerry Cao, Qigui Liu, Gary Tian Jan 2014

Do Venture Capitalists Play A Monitoring Role In An Emerging Market? Evidence From The Pay-Performance Relationship Of Chinese Entrepreneurial Firms, Jerry Cao, Qigui Liu, Gary Tian

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This paper investigates venture capitalists' monitoring of managerial behaviour by examining their impact on CEO pay-performance sensitivity across various controlling structures in Chinese firms. We find that the effectiveness of venture capitalists' monitoring depends on different types of agency conflict. In particular, we find that venture capital (VC) monitoring is hampered in firms that experience severe controlling-minority agency problems caused by disproportionate ownership structures. We provide further evidence that VC is more likely to exert close monitoring in firms that have greater managerial agency conflict, and thus require more direct monitoring. However, controlling-minority agency problems have a greater impact on …


Convergence In Sovereign Debt Ratios Across Heavily Indebted Eu Countries: Evidence From Club Convergence, N Apergis, Arusha Cooray Jan 2014

Convergence In Sovereign Debt Ratios Across Heavily Indebted Eu Countries: Evidence From Club Convergence, N Apergis, Arusha Cooray

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

We study the convergence of sovereign debt accumulation in five European Monetary Union (EMU) countries using quarterly data from June 2009 to June 2013, with a focus on debt ratio convergence following the 2009 sovereign debt crisis and the adoption of fiscal consolidation programmes. We test the Phillips and Sul (2007) club convergence hypothesis. We find the evidence of a lack of debt convergence for Greece and Portugal. Our results support the view that there is not a uniform austerity prescription for all, especially, without emphasizing friendly growth policies, which makes these countries more prone to investors' sentiments.


A Critical Reflection On The Role Of Stakeholders In Sustainable Tourism Development In Least-Developed Countries, Sotear Ellis, Lynnaire Sheridan Jan 2014

A Critical Reflection On The Role Of Stakeholders In Sustainable Tourism Development In Least-Developed Countries, Sotear Ellis, Lynnaire Sheridan

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

While investigating the implementation of community-based tourism in least-developed countries (LDCs), the critical role of stakeholders in sustainable tourism development became apparent. External stakeholders, in particular, develop theory models and define policy for translation into the field yet there is little critical consideration of their role and influence. This article encapsulates insights achieved by the researchers at the interface of theory and practice in a challenging LDC setting.


An Evaluation Of The World's Major Airlines' Technical And Environmental Performance, Amir Arjomandi, Juergen Seufert Jan 2014

An Evaluation Of The World's Major Airlines' Technical And Environmental Performance, Amir Arjomandi, Juergen Seufert

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

In this empirical study, we apply bootstrapped data envelopment analysis (DEA) models under variable returns to scale to examine both the environmental and technical efficiencies of airlines. Using the regional classification of the International Air Transport Association (IATA), we chose 48 of the world's major full-service and low-cost carriers from six different regions, and then estimated their performance over the period 2007-2010. Our empirical results show that many of the most technically efficient airlines are from China and North Asia, whilst many of the best environmental performers are from Europe. We also found that although the number of environmentally oriented …


A Comparison Of Group-Based Research Methods, Melanie Randle, Hugh Mackay, Dorothy Dudley Jan 2014

A Comparison Of Group-Based Research Methods, Melanie Randle, Hugh Mackay, Dorothy Dudley

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

In the modern era, group-based methods have come to largely dominate qualitative research, particularly in the commercial arena of market research. The most commonly used method is the "focus group" technique, which involves a group of strangers being directed to discuss a pre-determined set of topics. In reality, in many parts of the world, including Australia where this study was conducted, focus groups are often employed as the default technique without systematically questioning the appropriateness of methodological characteristics or the impact they have on the resultant data. This empirical study compares two different group-based methods - the "focus group" approach …


Theories To Define And Understand Family Firms, Mary Barrett Jan 2014

Theories To Define And Understand Family Firms, Mary Barrett

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

My earlier chapter in this volume on the four phases of learning in family firms relies on some important theories about the nature of family firms and how they differ from non-family firms. This chapter explains them briefly.


Activity Theory: Who Is Doing What, Why And How, Helen Hasan, Alanah Kazlauskas Jan 2014

Activity Theory: Who Is Doing What, Why And How, Helen Hasan, Alanah Kazlauskas

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

In simple terms, Activity Theory is all about 'who is doing what, why and how'. However, things are rarely that simple. Sometimes referred to as the Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT), Activity Theory is grounded in the work of the Russian psychologist Vygotsky and his students, in particular, Leontiev, in the 1920s. Activity Theory provides a lens with which to tease out and to better understand human activity.


Theories For Competitive Advantage, Hui-Ling Wang Jan 2014

Theories For Competitive Advantage, Hui-Ling Wang

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Introduction Competitive advantage is obtained when an organisation develops or acquires a set of attributes (or executes actions) that allow it to outperform its competitors. The development of theories that help explain competitive advantage has occupied the attention of the management community for the better part of half a century. This chapter aims to provide an overview of the key theories in this space. The overview will span a long timeline, starting from the 1960s to formulations that were introduced in mid-2013. In the early period, there were two dominant theories of competitive advantage: the Market-Based View (MBV) and the …


Complexity Theory, Helen Hasan Jan 2014

Complexity Theory, Helen Hasan

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Several years ago a prominent Australian politician, responsible for a new program to 'Network the Nation' used this diagram to try to explain what he envisaged. Popularly referred to as 'The Noodle Nation', the diagram was ridiculed for its apparent complexity. It seems that there are better ways to deal with complex issues!


Attribution Theory: Untangling The Relationship Between Management And Workers, Irit Alony Jan 2014

Attribution Theory: Untangling The Relationship Between Management And Workers, Irit Alony

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Attribution theory deals with how and why people form an opinion about the reasons for an event or observation (Winkler 2010). This theory is based on the idea that perception is the foundation of human understanding, sensemaking, and behaviour. This theory claims that people develop explanations for the behaviours of others, similarly to how scientists try to understand the world. The theory asserts that people's opinions are formed based on how they perceive the behaviour and the reality surrounding it. This explanation, the attribution, is based on how the observing person perceives a cause for the actor's behaviour.


Stickiness In Knowledge Transfer, Margret Schuller Jan 2014

Stickiness In Knowledge Transfer, Margret Schuller

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Stickiness is a metaphor for the difficulties encountered in transferring knowledge. The concept of stickiness is first mentioned by Von Hippel (1994), who used the term to describe the costs in accessing and sharing information for technical innovation due to the fact that knowledge is socially embedded within the organisation and its practice. The way information is encoded is typically different from how it is socially embedded. As Nonaka (1995) argued, some knowledge systems are explicit whereas others are tacit. As the cost of encoding information, which is tacit, or socially embedded, increases, stickiness also increases.


Making Sense Of Complex Dynamic Spaces: The Wicked Problem Of Doping Control In Sport, Alanah Kazlauskas Jan 2014

Making Sense Of Complex Dynamic Spaces: The Wicked Problem Of Doping Control In Sport, Alanah Kazlauskas

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Some of the problems shared by the world's citizens are 'wicked'! 'Wicked problems' are persistent with incompletely-known and contradictory elements that are interconnected and constantly changing (Rittel & Webber 1973). Contemporary 'wicked problems' that reside in the dynamic context of the global environment include climate change, economic and political refugees, epidemics, drug trafficking and disasters of immense proportions, some natural and others brought on by human activities.


Applying Principles Of Complexity Theory In Practice, Helen Hasan Jan 2014

Applying Principles Of Complexity Theory In Practice, Helen Hasan

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Maybe you are one of those people who like to keep things simple and see complexity as something to be avoided wherever possible. However, it is getting harder to deny that the environment in which we all live and work is becoming increasingly uncertain and unpredictable. The way I see things is that, as we undertake meaningful activities, we use information and knowledge to make sense of the situations we find ourselves in and the problems we face. We then make decisions on what to do and find decision-making gets harder as things get more complicated.


Expanding Expertise : The Role Of A Community In Learning What Is And What Is Not Yet There, Alanah Kazlauskas Jan 2014

Expanding Expertise : The Role Of A Community In Learning What Is And What Is Not Yet There, Alanah Kazlauskas

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

It takes time for both individuals and a field of endeavour to acquire the necessary knowledge and skills. In this chapter, we consider how such expertise develops, is maintained and expands. In the previous chapter, 'Making sense of complex dynamic spaces: The wicked problem of doping control in sport', we presented an overview of global efforts to address the persistent problem of the use of performance enhancing substances and techniques in sport. In this chapter, we focus on the work of anti-doping scientists. We use the Communities of Practice framework presented in the first Section this book to gain deeper …


Human Resource Management In Multinational Companies, Anne Cox Jan 2014

Human Resource Management In Multinational Companies, Anne Cox

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Globalisation has provoked some interesting speculation on the part of enthusiasts about a 'globalised economy' in which distinct national economies are subsumed into region-states and companies follow the same set of 'best practices', adopt a convergent model of organisation that leads to a process of homogenisation in their behaviour and a deterioration of national management models (Rowley & Benson 2002; Bartlett & Goshal 1989). On the other hand, nationalists point out that, for the time being, the world economy is still fundamentally characterised by exchanges between relatively distinct national economies, in which many outcomes, such as the competitive performance of …


The Development Of Innovative Local Organisations And Regions, Sam Garrett-Jones Jan 2014

The Development Of Innovative Local Organisations And Regions, Sam Garrett-Jones

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

This chapter discusses the specific problems of constructing local advantage in regional innovation settings in Australia. Focusing on 'non-traditional' intermediary organisations and their role in promoting collective learning, it reviews a novel approach to accelerating the performance of a local council in New South Wales, Australia and its associated regional development organisation.


Evaluation Of National And Industry-Specific Interventions On Coir Industry In India - A Special Reference To Kerala, Roshni Narendran Jan 2014

Evaluation Of National And Industry-Specific Interventions On Coir Industry In India - A Special Reference To Kerala, Roshni Narendran

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

The purpose of the study is to delineate the impact of national and industry-specific government interventions and the influence of political parties in power. The study employs an interrupted time series design from the annual national coir export data (1970-2012) published by the Coir Board. The study concludes by highlighting that the significance of economic environment has a greater impact on the trends of coir exports than industry-specific interventions. A seminal finding of this study is that there is a significant difference in the coir exports during the period of governance by the two political fronts in Kerala.


Banks Want You To Pay Less Tax On Interest, But Why?, John A. Mclaren Jan 2014

Banks Want You To Pay Less Tax On Interest, But Why?, John A. Mclaren

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Australia's big banks want the government to give their customers tax breaks on interest income, having told the Financial Systems Inquiry it would encourage more savings. In turn, the banks will have access to greater deposits to lend as the economy recovers.


Case Study: Transfield And Tenex: Endurance And Weakness In Two Migrant Family Businesses In Australia, Mary Barrett Jan 2014

Case Study: Transfield And Tenex: Endurance And Weakness In Two Migrant Family Businesses In Australia, Mary Barrett

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Transfield is one of Australia's most prominent construction companies. The name itself: "trans" meaning across and "field", which suggests open spaces, reflects the firm's origins as a venture founded by two Italian emigrants, Carlo Salteri and Franco Belgiorni-Nettis, who crossed huge distances to Australia before establishing their own firm.


Case Study: The Al-Awadhi Brothers: The Story Of Two Emirati Entrepreneurs, Maryam Khazaeli, Mary Barrett Jan 2014

Case Study: The Al-Awadhi Brothers: The Story Of Two Emirati Entrepreneurs, Maryam Khazaeli, Mary Barrett

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

For centuries, families of transnational Sunni Arabs, or Persians both Sunni and Shiite, have migrated from southern Iran to the Arab coast of the Persian Gulf. In fact, Iranian groups living on the coast of the Persian Gulf have generally looked more to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) than to Iranian groups inland (Potter, 2009). They have maintained a "dual existence", owning houses in two or more countries and speaking multiple languages (Nadjmabadi, 2010). This has been a source of economic benefit to both Iran and the UAE, at least until the recent political unrest in the region. Many Iranians …


Governmental Influences On The Evolution Of Agricultural Cooperatives In Vietnam: An Institutional Perspective With Case Studies, Anne Ngoc Vo, V Le Jan 2014

Governmental Influences On The Evolution Of Agricultural Cooperatives In Vietnam: An Institutional Perspective With Case Studies, Anne Ngoc Vo, V Le

Faculty of Business - Papers (Archive)

Using an institutionalist approach as the main framework, this research examines the evolution of Vietnamese agricultural cooperatives over the last six decades through four distinct phases - the voluntary collectivization period of 1954-1975, the compulsory collectivization period of 1975-1981, the de-collectivization period of 1981-1997 and the neo-collectivization period since 1997. Based on two case studies, this research examines the role of the Vietnamese government in the development of Vietnamese agricultural cooperatives. It argues that a stable legal environment and appropriate government support are extremely important for the successful development of cooperatives. In terms of theoretical contribution, the study calls for …