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2008

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Articles 1 - 30 of 83

Full-Text Articles in History

Tending The Vineyard: Maritime Religion On Martha's Vineyard From 1824-1978, Steven H. Park Dec 2008

Tending The Vineyard: Maritime Religion On Martha's Vineyard From 1824-1978, Steven H. Park

Steven H. Park

The first part of this paper will give a brief introduction to maritime missiology, the second section will trace the beginnings of the Boston Seaman’s Friend Society in the nineteenth century and the third will focus on the Vineyard Haven branch of that work well into the twentieth century. Using source material from the American Seamen’s Friend Society - there is a 5,000 document collection of the ASFS papers in the G.W. Blunt White Library at Mystic Seaport, the Boston Seaman’s Friend Society - whose papers are mostly in the Congregational House on Beacon Hill in Boston ...


“I Don’T Mean To Be Defiant Or Anything…”: Instructional Films For Girls, 1945-1960, Jill Anderson Dec 2008

“I Don’T Mean To Be Defiant Or Anything…”: Instructional Films For Girls, 1945-1960, Jill Anderson

Jill E. Anderson

No abstract provided.


Buffalo Hunt International Trade And The Virtual Extinction Of The North American Bison, M. Scott Taylor Nov 2008

Buffalo Hunt International Trade And The Virtual Extinction Of The North American Bison, M. Scott Taylor

M. Scott Taylor

In the 16th century, North America contained 25-30 million buffalo; by the late 19th century less than 100 remained. While removing the buffalo east of the Mississippi took settlers two centuries, the remaining 10 to 15 million buffalo on the Great Plains were killed in a punctuated slaughter in a little over 10 years. I employ theory, data from international trade statistics, and first person accounts to argue that the slaughter on the plains was initiated by a foreign-made innovation and fueled by a foreign demand for industrial leather. Ironically, the ultimate cause of this sad chapter in American environmental ...


International Terrorism:Role ,Responsibility And Operation Of Media Channles, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Nov 2008

International Terrorism:Role ,Responsibility And Operation Of Media Channles, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

"Terrorism" is a term that cannot be given a stable defintion. Or rather, it can, but to do so forstalls any attempt to examine the major feature of its relation to television in the contemporary world. As the central public arena for organising ways of picturing and talking about social and political life, TV plays a pivotal role in the contest between competing defintions, accounts and explanations of terrorism. Which term is used in any particular context is inextricably tied to judgemements about the legitimacy of the action in question and of the political system against which it is directed ...


Liberdade, Ética E Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2008

Liberdade, Ética E Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Further than Ethics concieved as mere obedience, Republican Ethics expresses the idea of duty for freedom and Liberty. After Law concieved as only duty and imperative norms from power to the subjects, there is the possibility of a fraternal law, in new patterns. This article explores several ways in a new ethics and a new law paradigms, after the objective Roman Law and the subjective modern Law.


« Of A Negro, A Butler And A Grocer» - Ignatius Sancho’S Epistolary Contribution To The Abolition Campaign (1766-1780), Francoise Le Jeune Pr Nov 2008

« Of A Negro, A Butler And A Grocer» - Ignatius Sancho’S Epistolary Contribution To The Abolition Campaign (1766-1780), Francoise Le Jeune Pr

Francoise LE JEUNE

No abstract provided.


Reviewed Work: Lincoln Revisited: New Insights From The Lincoln Forum By John Y. Simon, Harold Holzer, Dawn Vogel, Edna Greene Medford Oct 2008

Reviewed Work: Lincoln Revisited: New Insights From The Lincoln Forum By John Y. Simon, Harold Holzer, Dawn Vogel, Edna Greene Medford

Edna Greene Medford

No abstract provided.


Alfred Russel Wallace, Journalist, Charles H. Smith Sep 2008

Alfred Russel Wallace, Journalist, Charles H. Smith

Charles Kay Smith

No abstract provided.


Armchair Archaeology Sep 2008

Armchair Archaeology

Nicholas Tripcevich, Ph.D.

Interviewed for an article in The Economist about the use of satellite imagery in Andean archaeology at the Chivay source.


“El Goze De Los Derechos De Ciudadanía”: Elections And Citizenship In Central America, Ca. 1770-1850”, Jordana Dym Aug 2008

“El Goze De Los Derechos De Ciudadanía”: Elections And Citizenship In Central America, Ca. 1770-1850”, Jordana Dym

Jordana Dym

No abstract provided.


Pictures From The Past: Saint-Lazare As A Prison: 1792-1940, Edward R. Udovic Aug 2008

Pictures From The Past: Saint-Lazare As A Prison: 1792-1940, Edward R. Udovic

Rev. Edward R. Udovic, C.M., Ph.D.

Serving as the mother house of the Congregation of the Mission from 1632-1792 in Paris. Saint-Lazare was confiscated by the state at the outbreak of the French Revolution. The facility served as an infamous woman's prison until it was finally torn down beginning in 1932.


“Partisan For The Hard Hats”: Charles Colson, George Meany, And The Failed Blue-Collar Strategy, Edmund F. Wehrle Jul 2008

“Partisan For The Hard Hats”: Charles Colson, George Meany, And The Failed Blue-Collar Strategy, Edmund F. Wehrle

Edmund F. Wehrle

No abstract provided.


The Persistence Of Stereotyped Dialect Features Among Portuguese-American Immigrants From São Miguel, Azores, David J. Silva Jun 2008

The Persistence Of Stereotyped Dialect Features Among Portuguese-American Immigrants From São Miguel, Azores, David J. Silva

David Silva

Among dialects of Portuguese, the variety indigenous to the island of São Miguel exhibits an inventory of vocalic features not found elsewhere in the Lusophone world. The most emblematic characteristics of this dialect are the front round vowels [y] and [ø], which correspond to [u] and [ou/oi] (respectively) of the European standard language. There are also systematic differences in the pronunciation of the tonic vowels, reflexes of a historical chain shift: sete ‘seven’ is often rendered in S. Miguel as [sæt] (Std. [sεt]), avó ‘grandmother’ as [ɐ'vo] (Std. [ɐ'vɔ]), and avô ‘grandfather’ as [ɐ'vu] (Std. [ɐ ...


One Way To Foster Diversity In Public History, Robert R. Weyeneth May 2008

One Way To Foster Diversity In Public History, Robert R. Weyeneth

Robert R. Weyeneth

No abstract provided.


Batista-Era Havana On The Bayou, Michael Mizell-Nelson May 2008

Batista-Era Havana On The Bayou, Michael Mizell-Nelson

Michael Mizell-Nelson

Review Essay: Kent B. Germany. New Orleans After the Promises: Poverty, Citizenship, and the Search for the Great Society. Athens, Ga.: University of Georgia Press, 2007. J. Mark Souther. New Orleans on Parade: Tourism and the Transformation of the Crescent City. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2006. Anthony J. Stanonis. Creating the Big Easy: New Orleans and the Emergence of Modern Tourism, 1918–1945. Athens, Ga.: University of Georgia Press, 2006.


Historical Lessons On Id Technology And The Consequences Of An Unchecked Trajectory, Katina Michael, M G. Michael May 2008

Historical Lessons On Id Technology And The Consequences Of An Unchecked Trajectory, Katina Michael, M G. Michael

Professor Katina Michael

This paper traces the use of identification techniques throughout the ages and focuses on the growing importance of citizen identification by governments. The paper uses a historical approach beginning with manual techniques such as tattoos, through to more recent automatic identification (auto-ID) techniques such as smart cards and biometrics. The findings indicate that identification techniques born for one purpose have gradually found their way into alternate applications, and in some instances have been misused altogether. There is also strong evidence to suggest that governments are moving away from localized identification schemes to more global systems based on universal lifetime identifiers.


Ethnic Democracy And Its Ambiguities: The Case Of The Needle Trade Unions, Gerd Korman May 2008

Ethnic Democracy And Its Ambiguities: The Case Of The Needle Trade Unions, Gerd Korman

Gerd Korman

[Excerpt] During the years between World War I and World War II the conduct among well-known Jewish labor leaders seems to have foreshadowed events in the history of America’s nationality following the tumult of the 1960’s. In the 1920’s and 1930’s America’s elected or appointed officials still used a pecking order based on assumed inequalities of race, ethnicity, and gender in making policy decisions. They presumed that their private interests, those of the “insiders,” the “leading groups,” or “controlling minorities,” were the only appropriate ones for determining public policy. It was then, especially in the ...


Silence In America Textbooks, Gerd Korman May 2008

Silence In America Textbooks, Gerd Korman

Gerd Korman

[Excerpt] Although more than two decades separate us from the time when the Allied forces revealed the depth and dimensions of the Nazi horror, America’s textbook-writing historians still do not understand the demands the death camps place on each of them as scholar and as educator of the young in our public schools and universities. They continue to write in the tradition that prepared no one for the catastrophe, a tradition that still prevents us from attempting to assess and understand what happened; for with precious few exceptions they write of the years before 1945 as if the 1930 ...


Grounded History: A Keynote Address To The 14th Annual Massachusetts Statewide Undergraduate Research Conference, Amilcar Shabazz May 2008

Grounded History: A Keynote Address To The 14th Annual Massachusetts Statewide Undergraduate Research Conference, Amilcar Shabazz

Amilcar Shabazz

No abstract provided.


Ports Of Slavery, Ports Of Freedom: How Slaves Used Northern Seaports’ Maritime Industry To Escape And Create Trans-Atlantic Identities, 1713-1783, Charles Foy Apr 2008

Ports Of Slavery, Ports Of Freedom: How Slaves Used Northern Seaports’ Maritime Industry To Escape And Create Trans-Atlantic Identities, 1713-1783, Charles Foy

Charles Foy

This dissertation examines and reconstructs the lives of fugitive slaves who used the maritime industries in New York, Philadelphia and Newport to achieve freedom. It focuses on slaves during the period between 1713, the end of Queen Anne’s War, and 1783, the end of the American Revolution. While the study’s primary focus is on slavery in three port cities, it employs a broad geographic approach to consider how enslaved individuals in rural areas surrounding New York, Philadelphia and Newport, as well as slaves in more distant regions, used the maritime industry in northern port cities to escape slavery ...


Review Of Empire’S Edge: American Society In Nome, Alaska 1898-1934 By Preston Jones Pacific Historical Review 77.2 (May 2008), 330-332., Adam Arenson Apr 2008

Review Of Empire’S Edge: American Society In Nome, Alaska 1898-1934 By Preston Jones Pacific Historical Review 77.2 (May 2008), 330-332., Adam Arenson

Adam Arenson

A review of Empire’s Edge: American Society in Nome, Alaska 1898-1934, an extremely valuable portrait of an Alaskan community, seemingly on the edge of the world but dreaming of itself as an ordinary American town.


When Beef Was King. Or Why Do Colombians Eat So Little Pork?, Shawn Van Ausdal Mar 2008

When Beef Was King. Or Why Do Colombians Eat So Little Pork?, Shawn Van Ausdal

Shawn Van Ausdal

This article seeks to understand why Colombians, compared to many other Latin Americans, have traditionally eaten so much more beef than pork. The article first points to the development of a culinary tradition that favored beef. The bulk of the argument, though, centers on the fact that, historically, beef has been substantially cheaper than pork. This price difference, in turn, is rooted in the low productivity of Colombian agriculture, which made corn, often used to fatten hogs, expensive. Additional factors that favored beef include a receding agrarian frontier, a small hog population, the various advantages of cattle, a conflict–ridden ...


American Women Physicians In 2000: A History In Progress, Ellen S. More, Marilyn Greer Mar 2008

American Women Physicians In 2000: A History In Progress, Ellen S. More, Marilyn Greer

Ellen S. More

This article surveys major trends in the history of women physicians in American medicine during the 20th century, noting especially factors that have elicited renewed and increasingly public attention during the past two decades. These include the challenges of achieving greater professional visibility while also balancing family and career, of sustaining women physicians' legacy of commitment to women's health and primary care medicine without reinforcing the traditional stereotype that these are the specialties "best suited" to women doctors, and of addressing the need for more ethnic and racial diversity in the medical profession. Other recent developments include the leveling ...


The Blackwell Medical Society And The Professionalization Of Women Physicians, Ellen S. More Mar 2008

The Blackwell Medical Society And The Professionalization Of Women Physicians, Ellen S. More

Ellen S. More

No abstract provided.


'A Certain Restless Ambition': Women Physicians And World War I, Ellen S. More Mar 2008

'A Certain Restless Ambition': Women Physicians And World War I, Ellen S. More

Ellen S. More

No abstract provided.


Changing The Face Of Medicine: One Historian's Experience As A Curator, Ellen S. More Mar 2008

Changing The Face Of Medicine: One Historian's Experience As A Curator, Ellen S. More

Ellen S. More

In the spring of 2001 during a meeting of the American Association for the History of Medicine, Elizabeth Fee, Chief of the History of Medicine Division of the National Library of Medicine (NLM), invited me to become the Visiting Curator for a new exhibition they intended to present on the history of women physicians. It was the first full-scale exhibition ever devoted to that subject by the NLM. After more than two years’ preparation, the exhibition, “Changing the Face of Medicine: Celebrating America’s Women Physicians,” opened in April 2003 and continued on display at the NLM for more than ...


The American Medical Women's Association And The Role Of The Woman Physician, 1915-1990, Ellen S. More Mar 2008

The American Medical Women's Association And The Role Of The Woman Physician, 1915-1990, Ellen S. More

Ellen S. More

No abstract provided.


Review Essay, Nursing History: New Perspectives, New Possibilities, Ellen C. Lagemann, Ed.; And 'The Physician's Hand', By Barbara Melosh, Ellen S. More Mar 2008

Review Essay, Nursing History: New Perspectives, New Possibilities, Ellen C. Lagemann, Ed.; And 'The Physician's Hand', By Barbara Melosh, Ellen S. More

Ellen S. More

No abstract provided.


Empathy As A Hermeneutic Practice, Ellen S. More Mar 2008

Empathy As A Hermeneutic Practice, Ellen S. More

Ellen S. More

This essay will argue for the centrality of empathy in the doctor-patient relationship-as a core of ethically sound, responsible therapeutics. By "empathy," I intend an explicitly hermeneutic practice, informed by a reflexive understanding of patient and self. After providing an overview of the history of the concept of empathy in clinical medicine, I discuss current definitions and the use of Balint groups in residency training as a way to develop empathic competence in novice physicians.


Rochester 'Over There': Gender And Medicine In World War I, Ellen S. More Mar 2008

Rochester 'Over There': Gender And Medicine In World War I, Ellen S. More

Ellen S. More

No abstract provided.