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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Tobacco And Its Role In The Life Of The Confederacy, D. T. Smith Apr 1993

Tobacco And Its Role In The Life Of The Confederacy, D. T. Smith

History Theses & Dissertations

This study examines the role that tobacco played in influencing Confederate policy during the American Civil War. Surprisingly, very little research has been done on this subject; historians have virtually ignored the influence of tobacco upon Southern economic interests between 1850 and 1870.

The southern tobacco-producing states grew 439,183,561 pounds of raw tobacco in 1860. Southern manufactured tobacco was worth $21,820,535 in 1860, and along with other agricultural products, especially cotton, played an important economic, political, and diplomatic role in the life of the Confederacy. The tobacco industry represented a very strong interest group in the ...


The Paradox Of Ideology, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

The Paradox Of Ideology, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A standard problem with the objectivity of social scientific theory in particular is that it is either self-referential, in which case it seems to undermine itself as ideology, or self-excepting, which seem pragmatically self-refuting. Using the example of Marx and his theory of ideology, I show how self-referential theories that include themselves in their scope of explanation can be objective. Ideology may be roughly defined as belief distorted by class interest. I show how Marx thought that natural science was informed by class interest but not therefore necessarily ideology. Capitalists have an interest in understanding the natural world (to a ...


Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A number of (present or former) analytical Marxists, such as Jon Elster, have argued that functional explanation has almost no place in the social sciences. (Although the discussion is framed in terms of a debate among analytical Marxists, the point is quite general, and Marxism is used for illustrative purposes.) Functional explanation accounts for what is to be explained by reference to its function; thus, sighted organism have eyes because eyes enable them to see. Elster and other critics of functional explanation argue that this pattern of explanation is inconsistent with "methodological individualism," the idea, as they understand it, that ...


To Separate The Tares From The Corn: Debts And Slaves In Post-Revolutionary Virginia, Philip George Swan Jan 1993

To Separate The Tares From The Corn: Debts And Slaves In Post-Revolutionary Virginia, Philip George Swan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Labor Movement Of Salt Miners In Wieliczka , Anna Partin Jan 1993

The Labor Movement Of Salt Miners In Wieliczka , Anna Partin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study analyzes various components of the labor movement during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in one of the oldest industrial centers in Poland. The formation and development of the miners' movement are examined with relation to political parties, the labor market, and the mining community. The research also examines the growth of class consciousness with relation to the intellectual ideology of the socialist party and the miners' community. Finally, the study investigates the miners' demands such as wages, better working conditions, and retirement benefits with relation to the changing market. The labor movement is explained in terms of ...


R C Scott: A History Of African-American Entrepreneurship In Richmond, 1890-1940, Michael A. Plater Jan 1993

R C Scott: A History Of African-American Entrepreneurship In Richmond, 1890-1940, Michael A. Plater

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study examines the socioeconomic aspects of ethnicity as a way to understand African-American entrepreneurship in the early twentieth century. In an attempt to separate the influence of ethnicity from the social and environmental elements that restrained many African-American entrepreneurs, the study focuses on the African-American funeral industry. The funeral industry provides a rare example of an industry that successfully operated on a voluntarily segregated basis. Sheltered from discrimination and racism, African-American funeral directors not only survived and surpassed their white counterparts, but also organized a national fraternity of economic and political elite who wielded significant power in the United ...