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Creolized Histories: Hybrid Literatures Of The Americas, Apostolos Rofaelas Nov 2016

Creolized Histories: Hybrid Literatures Of The Americas, Apostolos Rofaelas

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation is about a hemispheric understanding of the Americas by foregrounding hybrid literatures written both by Caribbean and U.S. American authors as the space where a transnational slave past of diversity, relation, and cross-cultural influence can be revealed and discussed. I use the term hybrid because these imaginary writings engage with actual events and real-life people that have shaped the history of the Americas, the interpretation of which is re-negotiated here though both history and literature. and literatures because it is not only novels but also epic poetry and oral stories that writers resort to in order to ...


The Myth Of Unity: The Contra War, 1980–1990, Benjamin Wyatt Medina Nov 2016

The Myth Of Unity: The Contra War, 1980–1990, Benjamin Wyatt Medina

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This research focuses on the anti-Sandinista forces popularly known as the "contras" who operated in Nicaragua from 1980 to 1990, in particular the Fuerza Democrática Nicaragüense (FDN), the Alianza Revolucionaria Democrática (ARDE), and the two main Atlantic Coast contra groups: MISURA (Miskito Sumu and Rama Indians of the Atlantic Coast) and MISURASATA (Miskito, Sumu, Rama, Sandinista Aslatakanta [Working Together]). This thesis looks at the different ways these contra groups viewed their conflict and explained it to national and international audiences, as well as to those within the anti-Sandinista movement. Because there was such heterogeneity within the contra movement, a comparative ...


“Killing The Cattle, Hogs, And Fowls”/Stories Of Osceola, Andrew Stephen Vickory Oct 2016

“Killing The Cattle, Hogs, And Fowls”/Stories Of Osceola, Andrew Stephen Vickory

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

“Killing the Cattle, Hogs, and Fowls”: Creek Indians and Domesticated Livestock, 1700-1814 During the Red Stick War of 1813-14, the Creek Indian faction known as the Red Sticks killed the majority of cattle and hogs in Creek Country. The rejection of these animals was a purposeful tactic that carried great significance for the Red Stick movement, and was closely tied to Creek discourses concerning identity, autonomy, and community organization. By the early nineteenth century, Creeks already had a century-long history of experience with livestock, and the historical trajectory of those experiences is crucial to understanding Creek actions during the Red ...


New South(Ern) Landscapes: Reenvisioning Tourism, Industry, And The Environment In The American South, John Barrington Matthews Oct 2016

New South(Ern) Landscapes: Reenvisioning Tourism, Industry, And The Environment In The American South, John Barrington Matthews

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Commenting on two distinct bodies of visual culture, this thesis examines how the American South has been depicted in photography, advertisement, and popular media. Exploring images of the South ranging from Depression-era Virginia to present day lower Louisiana, these papers seek to better incorporate views of a region traditionally underrepresented in visual depictions of the American landscape. Underlying both projects is an interest in utilizing visual culture as a means to understand humanity’s relationship with the nonhuman world. Taking a closer look at promotional materials from the early years of Shenandoah National Park, as well as the (post)industrial ...


Uncanny Objects: The Art Of Moving And Looking Human, Khanh Van Ngoc Vo Oct 2016

Uncanny Objects: The Art Of Moving And Looking Human, Khanh Van Ngoc Vo

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Automata ("self-moving" machines) and reborn dolls (hyperrealistic baby dolls) individually conjure up questions of dynamic and aesthetic realism--external components of the human form as realistically represented or reproduced. as simulacra of humans in movement and appearance, they serve as sites of the uncanny exemplifying the idea in which as varying forms of the cyborg imbue them with troubling yet fantastical qualities that raises questions about our own humanness. My first essay, “Automaton: Movement and Artificial/Mechanical Life” directly addresses the characteristics that define humanness, principally the Rene Descartes mind-body dichotomy, by tracing the evolution of mechanical life, predicated as much ...


Cabinet Of Monkies: Dancing Politics In Anglo Culture, From Jacobite To Jacobin And Royalist To Republican, Amy Stallings Oct 2016

Cabinet Of Monkies: Dancing Politics In Anglo Culture, From Jacobite To Jacobin And Royalist To Republican, Amy Stallings

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Dance has long been known to play a significant role in the social lives of men and women in colonial British America. What historians have largely failed to note is the integral nature of dance, in particular the longways English country form, to the realm of politics and the formation of national identity. From the earliest days of its dissemination in print, English country dance served a political purpose. In 1651, under Oliver Cromwell’s dour Protectorate government, Royalists like publisher John Playford used dance as a subtle form of resistance. Urging the public to remember the monarchy fondly and ...


“The Improvements Made By America On The Ancient Mode”: Classicism And Nationalism In The Early American Republic, 1780-1850, Alexander Strickland Oct 2016

“The Improvements Made By America On The Ancient Mode”: Classicism And Nationalism In The Early American Republic, 1780-1850, Alexander Strickland

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Classicism, an interest in the history, society, and arts of the ancient world, became a staple of American culture with the first permanent European settlements, and reached its zenith in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The extant scholarship on early American classicism offers a wealth of information about how citizens of the nascent United States read and interpreted the sources of the ancient world. However, it has done little to address the political utility of that classicism. The first of the two studies presented here attempts to locate one possible utility of American classicism in the Federalist Papers ...


Muskogee Internationalism In An Age Of Revolution, 1763-1818, James L. Hill Oct 2016

Muskogee Internationalism In An Age Of Revolution, 1763-1818, James L. Hill

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation reevaluates the consequences of the American Revolution by examining how indigenous peoples preserved their role as regional powers in the decades following the birth of the United States. Focusing on the Creek Indians of the present-day southeastern United States, I demonstrate that they maintained ties with Britons, Spaniards, and other Native peoples, employing these connections to their advantage. Creeks created borderlands that connected their societies with those of the British and Spanish Caribbean. The Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of Florida and their surrounding waters became zones of encounter and exchange between Native peoples, British wreckers from the Bahamas ...


Putin' On For Da Lou: Hip Hop's Response To Racism In St. Louis, Travis Terrell Harris Oct 2016

Putin' On For Da Lou: Hip Hop's Response To Racism In St. Louis, Travis Terrell Harris

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The brutal slaying of Michael Brown on August 9, 2014 by Police officer Darren Wilson is part of an endemic system of institutional racism against Blacks in St. Louis, Missouri. This system takes place in racialized spaces that entail disparate health care, failing schools, commercial redlining, an unjust justice system and several additional oppressive forces. I am seeking to understand the ways in which Hip Hop respond to these systems of oppression. I am interested in Hip Hop’s response because Hip Hoppers are enduring racism. Further, Hip Hop’s representation in popular culture draws attention to misogyny, drugs, violence ...


The Politics Of Empire: The United States And The Global Structure Of Imperialism In The Early Twenty-First Century, Edward P. Hunt Oct 2016

The Politics Of Empire: The United States And The Global Structure Of Imperialism In The Early Twenty-First Century, Edward P. Hunt

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In the field of diplomatic history, scholars have debated how the United States has played an imperial role in the world. Although diplomatic historians have presented many different interpretations, they have never agreed on the defining aspects of U.S. imperialism. My dissertation intervenes in the debate by reviewing how the United States functioned as an imperial power at the start of the twenty-first century. In my dissertation, I make use of a wide array of publicly available sources, including the public remarks of U.S. officials, the public records of the U.S. government, and the diplomatic cables published ...


Trans-Atlantic Elements In The Domestic Policy Attitudes Of The British And American Conservative Movements, 1980-1990., Samuel Inigo Packer Jul 2016

Trans-Atlantic Elements In The Domestic Policy Attitudes Of The British And American Conservative Movements, 1980-1990., Samuel Inigo Packer

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This paper explores the relationship between British and American Conservative activists during the 1980s, when Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan dominated the politics of their respective countries. It does so mainly via looking at the most popular right-wing magazines in either country at the time; The Spectator and National Review.


Blurring The Lines Between Collaboration And Resistance: Women In Nazi Germany And Vichy And Nazi-Occupied France, Katherine Michelle Thurlow Jun 2016

Blurring The Lines Between Collaboration And Resistance: Women In Nazi Germany And Vichy And Nazi-Occupied France, Katherine Michelle Thurlow

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In Nazi Germany and Vichy and Nazi-Occupied France during World War II, women were involved in numerous activities that fell upon a spectrum of resistance and collaboration. Although these two categories appear at first glance to be complete opposites, women were able to maneuver their society by going back and forth along the spectrum. Individuals were motivated by their families and loved ones, survival, and ideologies to participate in both resistance and collaboration. Women in particular were able to play upon societal expectations in order to navigate the spectrum. They took a role, often following societal ideas of women being ...


Between Third Reich And American Way: Transatlantic Migration And The Politics Of Belonging, 1919-1939, Christian Wilbers Jun 2016

Between Third Reich And American Way: Transatlantic Migration And The Politics Of Belonging, 1919-1939, Christian Wilbers

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Historians consider the years between World War I and World War II to be a period of decline for German America. This dissertation complicates that argument by applying a transnational framework to the history of German immigration to the United States, particularly the period between 1919 and 1939. The author argues that contrary to previous accounts of that period, German migrants continued to be invested in the homeland through a variety of public and private relationships that changed the ways in which they thought about themselves as Germans and Americans. By looking at migration through a transnational lens, the author ...


Apocalypse Now: War And Religion In Late Colonial And Early Republic America, Nicole Marie Penn Apr 2016

Apocalypse Now: War And Religion In Late Colonial And Early Republic America, Nicole Marie Penn

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

ABSTRACT French “Idolators,” British “Heretics,” Native “Heathens”: The Seven Years’ War in North America as a Religious Conflict With France and Great Britain as its primary belligerents, the Seven Years' War was an international conflict with a decidedly religious dimension, one based on the longstanding rivalry between Catholicism and Protestantism. In North America, the conflict galvanized clergymen in both the British and French colonies to frame the war as a religious struggle with potentially apocalyptic consequences. This discourse remains understudied by historians, and efforts to address religion's role in America during the Seven Years' War is usually one-sided, focusing ...


Oh Shenandoah! The Northern Shenandoah Valley's Black Borderlanders Make Freedom Work During Virginia's Reconstruction, 1865-1870, Donna Camille Dodenhoff Jan 2016

Oh Shenandoah! The Northern Shenandoah Valley's Black Borderlanders Make Freedom Work During Virginia's Reconstruction, 1865-1870, Donna Camille Dodenhoff

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

During Virginia’s Reconstruction, the freedpeople of the Northern Shenandoah Valley experienced an uneven oppression. They took full advantage of a stable Reconstruction regime and the advocates they found among local Republican reformers, northern missionary society representatives and Freedmen’s Bureau agents to make their freedom meaningful. The control the freedpeople gained over their labor, as well as the success they enjoyed in reclaiming their children from white households and establishing independent institutions assured their status as a free people rather than as emancipated dependents. Nor were the freedpeople plagued with persistent, organized white terrorist tactics. But they did not ...


Selling Race In America: Ideologies Of Labor, Color, And Social Order In Nineteenth- And Twentieth-Century Advertising Imagery, Meghan Bryant Jan 2016

Selling Race In America: Ideologies Of Labor, Color, And Social Order In Nineteenth- And Twentieth-Century Advertising Imagery, Meghan Bryant

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Scholars have studied American advertising in terms of collectible Americana, histories of printing technology, and consumer culture. These approaches leave a gap in our understanding of American advertising in terms of its role as a powerful carrier of ideological value and a critical participant in national discourses on race and American identity. My study examines nineteenth- and twentieth-century advertising imagery and visual culture—including postcards, prints, and other related ephemera—reading such images as conscious commentary on contemporary racial, social, and economic issues. I employ traditional art historical methods to examine advertising imagery and ephemera, bridging the fields of labor ...


The Infusion Of Stars And Stripes: Sectarianism And National Unity In Little Syria, New York, 1890-1905, Manal Kabbani Jan 2016

The Infusion Of Stars And Stripes: Sectarianism And National Unity In Little Syria, New York, 1890-1905, Manal Kabbani

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Relationships, Credit, And Value: Analyzing Money As A Social Institution In Late Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Amanda White Gibson Jan 2016

Relationships, Credit, And Value: Analyzing Money As A Social Institution In Late Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Amanda White Gibson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


"What Would Jesus Do?": Modern Revival In The Marketplace, 1896-2000s., Jennifer L. Hancock Jan 2016

"What Would Jesus Do?": Modern Revival In The Marketplace, 1896-2000s., Jennifer L. Hancock

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Cherries From The Tree: National Identity And The Hero Construction Of George Washington, 1799-1829, Jack Thomas Masterson Jan 2016

Cherries From The Tree: National Identity And The Hero Construction Of George Washington, 1799-1829, Jack Thomas Masterson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


'A Land Not Exactly Flowing With Milk & Honey': Swan River Mania In The British Isles And Western Australia 1827-1832, Matthew John Niendorf Jan 2016

'A Land Not Exactly Flowing With Milk & Honey': Swan River Mania In The British Isles And Western Australia 1827-1832, Matthew John Niendorf

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Capitalist Architecture In A Posthumanist World, Lindsay Garcia Jan 2016

Capitalist Architecture In A Posthumanist World, Lindsay Garcia

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Private Schools For Blacks In Early Twentieth Century Richmond, Virginia, Sharron Smith Jan 2016

Private Schools For Blacks In Early Twentieth Century Richmond, Virginia, Sharron Smith

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The Virginia State Constitution of 1869 mandated that public school education be open to both black and white students on a segregated basis. In the city of Richmond, Virginia the public school system indeed offered separate school houses for blacks and whites, but public schools for blacks were conducted in small, overcrowded, poorly equipped and unclean facilities. at the beginning of the twentieth century, public schools for black students in the city of Richmond did not change and would not for many decades. Before 1918, there was no public high school for black students to attend. Whites made it clear ...


The Gilded South/Exporting Abortion, Jenna Frances Ray Jan 2016

The Gilded South/Exporting Abortion, Jenna Frances Ray

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This master's portfolio consists of two distinct essays. The first concerns the development of the American South, and the specific role of the Confederacy, with regard to questions of foreign expansion. The second concerns the way that abortion policy as a subject of American foreign policy changes as a result of the 1973 Supreme Court ruling on Roe v. Wade.


Subjects Or Rebels: The Dominion Of New England And The Roots Of Anglo-American Conflict / The Right To Fortifications: American Communities And The Politics Of Harbor Defense: 1794-1812, Samuel Aldred Slattery Jan 2016

Subjects Or Rebels: The Dominion Of New England And The Roots Of Anglo-American Conflict / The Right To Fortifications: American Communities And The Politics Of Harbor Defense: 1794-1812, Samuel Aldred Slattery

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

ABSTRACT Subjects or Rebels: The Dominion of New England and the Roots of Anglo-American Conflict This paper argues that the process by which the English Crown’s initially modest attempts to tweak New England colonial governance dovetailed into a reactionary denial of all colonial liberties. The imposition of autocratic imperial rule and armed occupation of New England reflects the fundamental bankruptcy of the “imperial constitution,” namely, the incompatibility of the right of colonists to representative assemblies and the imperial authority of the English state. Because on a constitutional level the two were incompatible, a protracted conflict between colonists and metropolitans ...


Uniting Interests: The Economic Functions Of Marriage In America, 1750-1860, Lindsay Mitchell Keiter Jan 2016

Uniting Interests: The Economic Functions Of Marriage In America, 1750-1860, Lindsay Mitchell Keiter

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation, "Uniting Interests: Money, Property, and Marriage in America, 1750-1860," examines how marriage was an essential economic transaction that responded to the development of capitalism in early America. Drawing on scholarship on the history of economic development, household organization, law, and gender, I argue that families actively distributed resources at marriage as part of larger wealth management strategies that were sensitive to regional and national economic growth. I focus particularly on women's property holding and how families deployed the legal protection of women's property as bulwarks against financial disaster. This project restores the family and women to ...


Usufruct In The Land Of Tribute: Property, Coercion, And Sovereignty On Early Colonial Eastern Long Island, Peter Jakob Olsen-Harbich Jan 2016

Usufruct In The Land Of Tribute: Property, Coercion, And Sovereignty On Early Colonial Eastern Long Island, Peter Jakob Olsen-Harbich

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In reexamining the early colonial history of Eastern Long Island, this thesis combines archaeological, archival, published records, and oral historical sources to explore the relationship between property, coercion, and sovereignty among the Algonquian-Ninnimissinuok and English settlers of New England. It begins with an overview of historical and contemporary models of political economy among Native groups in the pre-contact and pre-settlement era Northeast, emphasizing the importance of neo-evolutionary anthropology as an instructive corollary to more traditional functionalist and evolutionary theories of Native political economy. Special emphasis is placed on passages from classical ethnographic sources that gesture towards coercive and meaningful inequality ...


"Dread Of Elder Titles": John Haywood And The Occult Origins Of The Confederacy, Charles Allen Wallace Jan 2016

"Dread Of Elder Titles": John Haywood And The Occult Origins Of The Confederacy, Charles Allen Wallace

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This work unearths the dark work of John Haywood (1762–1826), an overlooked Tennessee historian and judge who provided foundational historical and legal arguments for the Confederate nation. Published in 1819, his apocalyptic Southern history, The Christian Advocate, simultaneously justified Indian Removal and simplified white Southerners’ claims of title to land. He thus became the first thinker to give Southerners a sense of place in the deep history of the South; the first to convince them they belonged where they lived. andrew Jackson, for example, memorized passages from the Christian Advocate to convince himself: Southern Indians are the armies of ...


Cameras At Work: African American Studio Photographers And The Business Of Everyday Life, 1900-1970, William Brian Piper Jan 2016

Cameras At Work: African American Studio Photographers And The Business Of Everyday Life, 1900-1970, William Brian Piper

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation examines the professional lives of African American studio photographers, recovering the history of an important industry in African American community life during segregation and the long Civil Rights Movement. It builds on previous scholarship of black photography by analyzing photographers’ business and personal records in concert with their images in order to more critically consider the circumstances under which African Americans produced and consumed photographs every day. During the first half of the twentieth century, urban photography studios constituted essential spaces where African Americans considered ideas of commerce, art, labor, leisure, class, gender, and group identity; “Cameras at ...


Finding Their Place In An American City: Perspectives On African Americans And French Creoles In Antebellum St. Louis, Anna K. Roberts Jan 2016

Finding Their Place In An American City: Perspectives On African Americans And French Creoles In Antebellum St. Louis, Anna K. Roberts

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

“The Valor and Spirit of Bygone Times”: The Memory of the Battle of St. Louis and the Persistence of St. Louis’s Creole Community, 1820-1847 In the context of the American Revolution, the Battle of St. Louis is a mere footnote, resulting in under 100 casualties. But to the St. Louisans who experienced it – mostly French civilians living in a Spanish territory, many of whom lost loved ones in the battle – it was the defining event of their lifetimes. This paper focuses on two antebellum tellings of the battle story - Thomas Hart Benton's speech in the United States Senate ...