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"The Fatal Year": Slavery, Violence, And The Stamp Act Of 1765, Joshua Fogarty Beatty Jan 2014

"The Fatal Year": Slavery, Violence, And The Stamp Act Of 1765, Joshua Fogarty Beatty

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation argues that the American colonists came to resist the Stamp Act of 1765 through equating it with slavery, a state still understood as resulting from surrender in war. This metaphor both dominated print discourse and served to justify violence against supporters of the Act. Slavery rhetoric implied that resistance through violent struggle was essential for the colonists both to win their freedom and to demonstrate to the wider world that they deserved such freedom. Understanding resistance in these terms reveals the close connections between the rhetoric deployed against the Stamp Act and the actions taken against stamp officers ...


Ruins Reframed: The Commodification Of American Urban Disaster, 1861-1906, Zachary Michael Hilpert Jan 2014

Ruins Reframed: The Commodification Of American Urban Disaster, 1861-1906, Zachary Michael Hilpert

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation explores images of urban disaster and related events produced from the Civil War to the dawn of the 20th century, seeking to understand the role such visual media played in the formation of American identity and racial perceptions. Images of disasters that appeared throughout this period demonstrate a desire on the part of a largely white, native-born consumer class to share in a collective grieving process, one that initially recalled the comforts found in the communal suffering of the Civil War, but habitually eschewed the most tragic elements in favor of an optimistic, nationalistic narrative free of lasting ...


Powhatan's White Dog: Tsenacommacah In The English Trading World, Matthew Patrick Morrison Jan 2014

Powhatan's White Dog: Tsenacommacah In The English Trading World, Matthew Patrick Morrison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Behind The Scenes At William And Mary: Front Stage History And Backstage Archaeology, Tiffany Olivia Little Jan 2014

Behind The Scenes At William And Mary: Front Stage History And Backstage Archaeology, Tiffany Olivia Little

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Liberty's Kids: Toys, Children's Literature, And The Promotion Of Nationalism In The Early Nineteenth-Century United States, August M. Butler Jan 2014

Liberty's Kids: Toys, Children's Literature, And The Promotion Of Nationalism In The Early Nineteenth-Century United States, August M. Butler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


"Thus Did God Break The Head Of That Leviathan": Performative Violence And Judicial Beheadings Of Native Americans In Seventeenth-Century New England, Ian Edward Tonat Jan 2014

"Thus Did God Break The Head Of That Leviathan": Performative Violence And Judicial Beheadings Of Native Americans In Seventeenth-Century New England, Ian Edward Tonat

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Possessing The Holy Land: The Palestine Exploration Fund And The American Palestine Exploration Society, Ashley M. Irizarry Jan 2014

Possessing The Holy Land: The Palestine Exploration Fund And The American Palestine Exploration Society, Ashley M. Irizarry

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Reynolds Affair, Party Politics And Sexuality In The Early Republic, Alexandra Marie Gross Jan 2014

The Reynolds Affair, Party Politics And Sexuality In The Early Republic, Alexandra Marie Gross

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Fruits Of Their Labors: Exploring William Hamilton's Greenhouse Complex And The Rise Of American Botany In Early Federal Philadelphia, Sarah Jane Chesney Jan 2014

The Fruits Of Their Labors: Exploring William Hamilton's Greenhouse Complex And The Rise Of American Botany In Early Federal Philadelphia, Sarah Jane Chesney

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation explores the world of early American botany and the transatlantic community of botanical enthusiasts from the perspective of William Hamilton, gentleman botanical collector in late eighteenth and early nineteenth century Philadelphia. Drawing on both existing documentary sources and three seasons of archaeological excavation at The Woodlands, Hamilton's country estate on the west bank of the Schuylkill River, I analyze both the physical requirements of botanical collecting as well as the more nuanced social, cultural, and economic elements of this trade and its early modern participants.;The personal experiences of individual participants in this exchange are often traced ...


Exhorting Or Extorting?: George Whitefield's Financial Controversies, Kristen Elizabeth Beales Jan 2014

Exhorting Or Extorting?: George Whitefield's Financial Controversies, Kristen Elizabeth Beales

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


An Enslaved Landscape: The Virginia Plantation At The End Of The Seventeenth Century, David Arthur Brown Jan 2014

An Enslaved Landscape: The Virginia Plantation At The End Of The Seventeenth Century, David Arthur Brown

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Lewis Burwell II designed Fairfield plantation in Gloucester County to be the most sophisticated and successful architectural and agricultural effort in late seventeenth-century Virginia. He envisioned a physical framework with the intent to control the world around him so that he might profit from growing tobacco, while raising his family's status to the highest in the colony through the display of wealth and knowledge and the enslavement of both Africans and the natural surroundings. The landscape he envisioned contrasted with those of the enslaved Africans he purchased and put to work in the fields and buildings surrounding his '1694 ...


"Her Correspondence Is Dangerous": Women In The Fashion Trades Negotiating The Opportunities And Challenges Of Doing Business In The Chesapeake, 1766-75, Kaylan Michelle Stevenson Jan 2013

"Her Correspondence Is Dangerous": Women In The Fashion Trades Negotiating The Opportunities And Challenges Of Doing Business In The Chesapeake, 1766-75, Kaylan Michelle Stevenson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Honor From The Trenches: Why Confederate Soldiers Fought At Petersburg, Patrick John Hussey Jan 2013

Honor From The Trenches: Why Confederate Soldiers Fought At Petersburg, Patrick John Hussey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Gathering Places, Cultivating Spaces: An Archaeology Of A Chesapeake Neighborhood Through Enslavement And Emancipation, 1775--1905, Jon Jason Boroughs Jan 2013

Gathering Places, Cultivating Spaces: An Archaeology Of A Chesapeake Neighborhood Through Enslavement And Emancipation, 1775--1905, Jon Jason Boroughs

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study is a community-level analysis of an African American plantation neighborhood grounded in archaeological excavations at the Quarterpath Site (44WB0124), an antebellum quartering complex and post-Emancipation tenant residence occupied circa 1840s-1905 in lower James City County, Virginia. It asserts that the Quarterpath domestic quarter was a gathering place, a locus of social interaction in a vibrant and long established Chesapeake plantation neighborhood complex.;By the antebellum period, as marriage "abroad," or off-plantation, became the most common form of long term social union within plantation communities, enslaved social and kin ties in the Chesapeake region were typically geographically dispersed, enjoining ...


Peripheral Vision: Mimesis And Materiality Along The James River, Virginia, 1619-1660, Kathryn Lee Mcclure Sikes Jan 2013

Peripheral Vision: Mimesis And Materiality Along The James River, Virginia, 1619-1660, Kathryn Lee Mcclure Sikes

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Applying the concepts of mimesis and "third space" to Virginia's early colonial settlements, this study presents a comparative examination of documentary, pictorial, cartographic, and material evidence surrounding City Point's Site 44PG102 and contemporary James River plantations. By considering archaeological site data that are possibly contemporaneous, but previously have been segregated by archaeologists into "prehistoric" (Native Virginian) and "historic" (European) categories, I investigate the evidence for interethnic interactions as well as the social conventions surrounding 17th-century object and landscape use. This thesis argues that people of European, West Central African, West African, and Algonquian-speaking Native Virginian backgrounds endowed shared ...


Outlaw Reproduction: Childbearing And The Making Of Colonial Virginia, 1634-1785, Andrea Kathleen Westcot Jan 2013

Outlaw Reproduction: Childbearing And The Making Of Colonial Virginia, 1634-1785, Andrea Kathleen Westcot

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation examines discourses and experiences of reproduction in Virginia, 1630-1785. I define reproduction as an experiential reality that contoured women's lives in specific ways, as a central demographic phenomenon that shaped colonial populations, and as a discourse of power in the colonial project. Informed by feminist theory, queer theory, and postcolonial theory, the dissertation examines the relationship between reproduction and colonialism in the development of a plantation economy in Virginia. I draw on a varied archive of court documents, colonial records, newspapers and other print culture, plantation records, diaries, letters, and medical texts. Chapter 1, "'A considerable parcel ...


No Longer Lost At Sea: Black Community Building In The Virginia Tidewater, 1865 To The Post-1954 Era, Hollis E. Pruitt Jan 2013

No Longer Lost At Sea: Black Community Building In The Virginia Tidewater, 1865 To The Post-1954 Era, Hollis E. Pruitt

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

...the early people of Gloucester County were English gentlemen and ladies... Many of these fine old families continued wealthy for generations, until about seventy years ago, when a terrible war, known as the War between the States,... deprived them and their present day descendents of their property and wealth, as well as their Negro slaves who were freed at the time of this war.(Gray 66).;All across the post-Civil War South, the newly freed African Diaspora struggled to find ways to maintain their families and to develop communities. Having been systematically denied education, property ownership, political participation and participation ...


Community Building After Emancipation: An Anthropological Study Of Charles' Corner, Virginia, 1862-1922, Shannon Sheila Mahoney Jan 2013

Community Building After Emancipation: An Anthropological Study Of Charles' Corner, Virginia, 1862-1922, Shannon Sheila Mahoney

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The half-century marked by the end of the Civil War and the beginning of World War I was a critical period of cultural, social, and economic transition for African Americans in the southern United States. During the late nineteenth century, while African Americans were rebuilding communities and networks disrupted by enslavement and the ensuing Civil War, several settlements developed between Williamsburg and Yorktown on Virginia's lower peninsula. One of the settlements, Charles' Corner, is an optimal case study for understanding the gradual process of community building during a particularly challenging period of African American history dominated by systemic racism ...


"You Can't Say 'No' To A Soldier": Sexual Violence In The United States During World War Ii, Michaele Katherine Smith Jan 2013

"You Can't Say 'No' To A Soldier": Sexual Violence In The United States During World War Ii, Michaele Katherine Smith

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Between 1939 and 1946 the number of rapes in the United States increased approximately 45 percent. This project strives to explain the cultural factors the fueled this increase. Existing societal beliefs and the legal system of this period held rape victims responsible for their own victimization. Additionally, the wartime mobilization of the 1940s liberated millions of young men from community and family moral surveillance. Some men experienced this liberation as license to coerce sex from women. Popular culture accepted and even praised sexual aggressiveness in men, especially military men, and linked women's sexuality to their patriotism. The combination of ...


Drawn Together, Drawn Apart: Black And White Baptists In Tidewater Virginia, 1800-1875, Nancy Alenda Hillman Jan 2013

Drawn Together, Drawn Apart: Black And White Baptists In Tidewater Virginia, 1800-1875, Nancy Alenda Hillman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

A detailed study of local Baptist communities in Tidewater Virginia, "Drawn Together, Drawn Apart" explores the interactions of black and white evangelicals both under slavery and following emancipation. Significant bonds of fellowship between black and white Baptists persisted throughout the antebellum years. The majority of black Baptists continued to engage in baptismal, worship, and disciplinary gatherings with their white neighbors. Baptists of both races participated in the national culture of reform through their commitment to temperance, mission work, and other forms of "benevolence.".;At the same time, a pattern of black religious autonomy was developing. as Christian paternalists, white Baptist ...


Deviants Of Great Potential: Images Of The Leopold-Loeb Case, John Carl Fiorini Jan 2013

Deviants Of Great Potential: Images Of The Leopold-Loeb Case, John Carl Fiorini

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Deviants of Great Potential analyzes the 1924 Leopold-Loeb case as a cultural narrative with important effects on the marginalization of same-sex sexuality in men throughout the twentieth century and into the twenty-first. After Chicago teenagers Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb were arrested for the United States' first nationally recognized "thrill killing," the apparently motiveless murder of fourteen-year-old Robert Franks, the Leopold-Loeb case became an instant cause celebre. The popular fixation on the case continued in the decades after 1924, as journalists and behavioral scientists treated it as a precedent for understanding a certain type of crime and criminal. Meanwhile---especially after ...


"History Written With Lightning": Religion, White Supremacy, And The Rise And Fall Of Thomas Dixon, Jr, David Michael Kidd Jan 2013

"History Written With Lightning": Religion, White Supremacy, And The Rise And Fall Of Thomas Dixon, Jr, David Michael Kidd

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Baptist minister and author of novels, plays, sermons, and essays, Thomas Dixon, Jr. today remains most known as the storyteller behind the 1915 D. W. Griffith Film The Birth of a Nation. I argue that Thomas Dixon crafted a white supremacist rhetoric and narrative of modern whiteness indebted to the structures of Fundamentalist Christianity. With varying degrees of success, later writers struggled with the legacy the Dixonian cultural narrative bequeathed them.;Fundamentalist theology offered a whole host of tropes, metaphors, and arguments to its users. In short, Fundamentalism presented a rhetorical stance that was, in the hands of an ambitious ...


Dooley's Ferry: The Archaeology Of A Civilian Community In Wartime, Carl Gilbert Drexler Jan 2013

Dooley's Ferry: The Archaeology Of A Civilian Community In Wartime, Carl Gilbert Drexler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Warfare and conflict are familiar topics to anthropologists, but it is only recently that anthropological archaeologists moved to create a discrete specialization, known as Conflict Archaeology. Practitioners now actively pursue research in a number of different areas, such as battlefields, fortifications, and troop encampments. These advances throw into sharp relief areas that need greater focus. This dissertation addresses one of these shortcomings by focusing on the home front by studying Dooley's Ferry, a hamlet that once lay on the banks of the Red River, in southwest Arkansas. Before the American Civil War, it was a node in the commodity ...


The Nottoway Of Virginia: A Study Of Peoplehood And Political Economy, C.1775-1875, Buck Woodard Jan 2013

The Nottoway Of Virginia: A Study Of Peoplehood And Political Economy, C.1775-1875, Buck Woodard

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This research examines the social construction of a Virginia Indian reservation community during the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Between 1824 and 1877 the Iroquoian-speaking Nottoway divided their reservation lands into individual partible allotments and developed family farm ventures that mirrored their landholding White neighbors. In Southampton's slave-based society, labor relationships with White landowners and "Free People of Color" impacted Nottoway exogamy and shaped community notions of peoplehood. Through property ownership and a variety of labor practices, Nottoway's kin-based farms produced agricultural crops, orchard goods and hogs for export and sale in an emerging agro-industrial economy. However, shifts ...


Peopling The Cloister: Women's Colleges And The Worlds We've Made Of Them, Caroline Simmons Leigh Hasenyager Jan 2013

Peopling The Cloister: Women's Colleges And The Worlds We've Made Of Them, Caroline Simmons Leigh Hasenyager

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Not-So-Public History Of Colonial Williamsburg's Port Resident-Ferrykeepers: Interpreting The Moody Family Of Capitol Landing, 1715-1781, Angela Maria Scott Jan 2013

The Not-So-Public History Of Colonial Williamsburg's Port Resident-Ferrykeepers: Interpreting The Moody Family Of Capitol Landing, 1715-1781, Angela Maria Scott

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Merrymaking At The Madisons': Feasting, Alcohol, And Political Strategy, Christine Hope Heacock Jan 2013

Merrymaking At The Madisons': Feasting, Alcohol, And Political Strategy, Christine Hope Heacock

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Integrating "The Star City Of The South": Roanoke School Desegregation And The Politics Of Delay, Peter Carr Jones Jan 2013

Integrating "The Star City Of The South": Roanoke School Desegregation And The Politics Of Delay, Peter Carr Jones

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Narratives Of Reversion: Portrayals Of Haiti In The Old South, Skyler Robert Reidy Jan 2013

Narratives Of Reversion: Portrayals Of Haiti In The Old South, Skyler Robert Reidy

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


"Handing Down Remarkable And Interesting Circumstances": Elizabeth Carrington And Female Intellectual Inheritance In The Early American Republic, Hannah Emily Bailey Jan 2013

"Handing Down Remarkable And Interesting Circumstances": Elizabeth Carrington And Female Intellectual Inheritance In The Early American Republic, Hannah Emily Bailey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.