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From Pejuta To Powwow: The Evolution Of American Indian Music, Kelley Lyn Smith Jan 2020

From Pejuta To Powwow: The Evolution Of American Indian Music, Kelley Lyn Smith

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In the current climate of American Indian culture in the United States, the impact of the internet on powwow music and the electronic sharing of music has superseded the more traditional sharing of music in Native cultures. Due to the unique history of American Indian cultures, Native music changed, or evolved, from medicinal uses, pejuta, to expressionism, a method in which to cope with and express the effect history has had on the American Indian people and a way in which to bond with one another in these shared experiences. The evolution of Native music is a traditional form of ...


"It's Not Meant For Us": Exploring The Intersection Of Gentrification, Public Education, And Black Identity In Washington, D.C., Shea Winsett Jan 2019

"It's Not Meant For Us": Exploring The Intersection Of Gentrification, Public Education, And Black Identity In Washington, D.C., Shea Winsett

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation discusses themes of racial identity, meaning of space, and class through an exploration of the intersection of gentrification and public education in Washington, D.C. Through analysis of middle-class responses to gentrification I argue, 1) that the public education system is a site of gentrification, as it has become a site of capitalistic development and Black displacement; 2) that the American concept of race, including race relations, is not an aberration of typical American society, but a defining cultural feature; and 3) the best way to understand race and class in America is to use theory constructed from ...


The Land Remembers: The Construction Of Movement Possibility Among Woodland Period Communities Of The Virginia Peninsula, Josue Roberto Nieves Jan 2015

The Land Remembers: The Construction Of Movement Possibility Among Woodland Period Communities Of The Virginia Peninsula, Josue Roberto Nieves

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


"The Pretended Riot Explained": Citizen Sovereignty And The Mashpee Revolt, Michaela Kleber Jan 2015

"The Pretended Riot Explained": Citizen Sovereignty And The Mashpee Revolt, Michaela Kleber

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Sea Of Change : Race, Abolitionism, And Reform In The New England Whale Fishery, Justin Andrew Pariseau Jan 2015

Sea Of Change : Race, Abolitionism, And Reform In The New England Whale Fishery, Justin Andrew Pariseau

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Bound together across lines of color and lass, Nantucket and New Bedford residents pursued the unique economic opportunities presented by whaling during the nineteenth century. Whaling was becoming a major industrial enterprise with few available options to fulfill the labor needs required for the whaling crews, ropewalks, blacksmith shops, and sail lofts that made it possible for Nantucket and New Bedford whaleships to transit the globe. Whaling thus generated the jobs that made it possible for free black communities to thrive. People of color consequently turned the need for labor to their advantage. Drawn by the financial opportunities that the ...


False Emissaries: The Jesuits Among The Piscataways In Early Colonial Maryland, 1634-1648, Kathleen Elizabeth Scorza Jan 2015

False Emissaries: The Jesuits Among The Piscataways In Early Colonial Maryland, 1634-1648, Kathleen Elizabeth Scorza

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Life And Legacy Of Marie Couvent: Social Networks, Property Ownership, And The Making Of A Free People Of Color Community In New Orleans., Elizabeth Clark Neidenbach Jan 2015

The Life And Legacy Of Marie Couvent: Social Networks, Property Ownership, And The Making Of A Free People Of Color Community In New Orleans., Elizabeth Clark Neidenbach

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation recovers the life of Marie Justine Sirnir Couvent and the Atlantic World she inhabited. Born in Africa around 1757, she was enslaved as a child and shipped to Saint-Domingue through the Bight of Benin in the 1760s. In the tumult of the Haitian Revolution, Couvent fled the island, along with tens of thousands of Saint-Domingue inhabitants. She resettled in New Orleans where she eventually died a free and wealthy slaveholder in 1837. Although illiterate, Couvent left property to establish a free black school in her will. L'Institution Catholique des Orphelins Indigents was founded on her land in ...


African American Civil Rights Museums: A Study Of The R.R Moton Museum In Farmville, Virginia, Christina S. Draper Jan 2015

African American Civil Rights Museums: A Study Of The R.R Moton Museum In Farmville, Virginia, Christina S. Draper

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Staging The Asian American In Hong Kong: Examining Transcultural Performances Of Asian American Identity In Hong Kong English Language Amateur Theatre Productions Of "Thoroughly Modern Millie" And "Yellow Face", Iris Eu Loa Mein Jan 2015

Staging The Asian American In Hong Kong: Examining Transcultural Performances Of Asian American Identity In Hong Kong English Language Amateur Theatre Productions Of "Thoroughly Modern Millie" And "Yellow Face", Iris Eu Loa Mein

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Nineteenth Century Enslaved African Americans' Coping Strategies For The Stresses Of Enslavement In Virginia, Allison Michelle Campo Jan 2015

Nineteenth Century Enslaved African Americans' Coping Strategies For The Stresses Of Enslavement In Virginia, Allison Michelle Campo

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Confrontation Of Prejudice Towards Multiracials And Monoracials, Gandalf Nicolas Jan 2015

Confrontation Of Prejudice Towards Multiracials And Monoracials, Gandalf Nicolas

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Honoring The Ancestors: Historical Reclamation And Self-Determined Identities In Richmond And Rio De Janeiro, Autumn Rain Duke Barrett Jan 2014

Honoring The Ancestors: Historical Reclamation And Self-Determined Identities In Richmond And Rio De Janeiro, Autumn Rain Duke Barrett

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation focuses on how history is made meaningful in the present. I argue that within the United States and Brazil, historic narratives and sites are employed in legitimizing and contesting past and contemporary social inequity. National, regional, and local narratives tell the stories of how communities and their members came to be who and where they are in the present. Social hierarchies and inequity are naturalized and/or questioned through historic narratives. Formative education includes telling these stories to children. Commemorative events and monuments tell and re-tell stories to community members of all ages. Enculturation of historical identities, the ...


Grandfathers At War: Practical Politics Of Identity At Delaware Town, Melissa Ann Eaton Jan 2014

Grandfathers At War: Practical Politics Of Identity At Delaware Town, Melissa Ann Eaton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This research explores the meaning, construction, representation, and function of Delaware ethnic identity during the 1820s. In 1821, nearly 2,000 Delawares (self-referentially called Lenape) crossed the Mississippi River and settled in Southwest Missouri as a condition of the Treaty of St. Marys. This dissertation argues that effects of this emigration sparked a vigorous reconsideration of ethnic identity and cultural representation. Traditionally, other Eastern Algonquian groups recognized Delawares by the metaphoric kinship status of "grandfather." Both European and Colonial governments also established Delawares as preferential clients and trading partners. Yet, as the Delawares immigrated into a new "western" Superintendency of ...


Thoroughly Modern: African American Women's Dress And The Culture Of Consumption In Cleveland, Ohio 1890-1940, Deanda Marie Johnson Jan 2014

Thoroughly Modern: African American Women's Dress And The Culture Of Consumption In Cleveland, Ohio 1890-1940, Deanda Marie Johnson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

African American women have been absent from much of the writing on consumption and the making of modernity. This dissertation responds to these absences, using dress, a highly visible form of consumption, to examine how African American women in Cleveland, Ohio experienced modernity through the culture of consumption from 1890-1940, in the context of urbanization, migration, and the Great Depression.;In looking at African American women's dress during this period, this dissertation will explore the clothed body not simply as a theoretical abstraction, but part of a lived experience in which production and consumption are not mutually exclusive. This ...


Seeing (For) Miles: Jazz, Race, And Objects Of Performance, Benjamin Park Anderson Jan 2014

Seeing (For) Miles: Jazz, Race, And Objects Of Performance, Benjamin Park Anderson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Using jazz trumpeter Miles Davis (1926-1991) as its primary example, "Seeing (for) Miles" attempts to build on a growing discourse related to the intersection of jazz, race, and visual / material culture that has heretofore largely ignored the role of consumption. Davis' numerous decisions to spend money on expensive things and/or have them custom made, insisting these things be seen by others, and overseeing his image in advertisements are a reminder that famous musicians often found themselves straddling the line between being consumers and objects of consumption. Following Davis on both sides of that line also necessitates following him on ...


Powhatan's White Dog: Tsenacommacah In The English Trading World, Matthew Patrick Morrison Jan 2014

Powhatan's White Dog: Tsenacommacah In The English Trading World, Matthew Patrick Morrison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


'I Get A Kick Out Of You': Cinematic Revisions Of The History Of The African American Cowboy In The American West, Stephanie Anne Maguire Jan 2014

'I Get A Kick Out Of You': Cinematic Revisions Of The History Of The African American Cowboy In The American West, Stephanie Anne Maguire

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Dealing In Metaphors: Exploring The Materiality Of Trade On Virginia's Seventeenth Century Eastern Siouan Frontier, Madeleine Ailsworth Gunter Jan 2014

Dealing In Metaphors: Exploring The Materiality Of Trade On Virginia's Seventeenth Century Eastern Siouan Frontier, Madeleine Ailsworth Gunter

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Pamunkey Indian Museum: Collaboration, Display, And The Creation Of A Tribal Museum, Rachel Elaine Bowen Jan 2014

The Pamunkey Indian Museum: Collaboration, Display, And The Creation Of A Tribal Museum, Rachel Elaine Bowen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Race, Childhood, And Native American Boarding Schools: A Case Study Of The Hampton Normal And Agricultural Institute, Tyler Norris Jan 2014

Race, Childhood, And Native American Boarding Schools: A Case Study Of The Hampton Normal And Agricultural Institute, Tyler Norris

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Technique Of The Poquoson-Style Log Canoe, David Andrews Moran Jan 2014

The Technique Of The Poquoson-Style Log Canoe, David Andrews Moran

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


"Thus Did God Break The Head Of That Leviathan": Performative Violence And Judicial Beheadings Of Native Americans In Seventeenth-Century New England, Ian Edward Tonat Jan 2014

"Thus Did God Break The Head Of That Leviathan": Performative Violence And Judicial Beheadings Of Native Americans In Seventeenth-Century New England, Ian Edward Tonat

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


From Seã±Or Natural To Siervo De Dios: The Transition Of Nahua Nobility Under Spanish Rule, 1540-1600, Shannon A. Retzbach Jan 2014

From Seã±Or Natural To Siervo De Dios: The Transition Of Nahua Nobility Under Spanish Rule, 1540-1600, Shannon A. Retzbach

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


An Enslaved Landscape: The Virginia Plantation At The End Of The Seventeenth Century, David Arthur Brown Jan 2014

An Enslaved Landscape: The Virginia Plantation At The End Of The Seventeenth Century, David Arthur Brown

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Lewis Burwell II designed Fairfield plantation in Gloucester County to be the most sophisticated and successful architectural and agricultural effort in late seventeenth-century Virginia. He envisioned a physical framework with the intent to control the world around him so that he might profit from growing tobacco, while raising his family's status to the highest in the colony through the display of wealth and knowledge and the enslavement of both Africans and the natural surroundings. The landscape he envisioned contrasted with those of the enslaved Africans he purchased and put to work in the fields and buildings surrounding his '1694 ...


Dispositions And Practices That Promote Teacher-Student Relationships With African-American Male Elementary Students, Karyn Mitchell Yeldell Jan 2013

Dispositions And Practices That Promote Teacher-Student Relationships With African-American Male Elementary Students, Karyn Mitchell Yeldell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This research study was focused on teacher dispositions and practices that create positive teacher-student relationships with African-American elementary male students. Robert Pianta's work on relationships between teachers and students, over the past decade, provided a conceptual framework for this specific study. A review of the literature on this topic evidenced practices that positively and negatively impact teacher-student relationships. Through classroom observations and interviews, the perceptions of elementary teachers were examined on how they actually create teacher-student relationships with their African-American male students. These perceptions were insightful and often supported in the research literature. Effective teachers understand the need for ...


Southern Orientation: Reimagining Asian American Identity And Place In The Global South, Frank Sung Cha Jan 2013

Southern Orientation: Reimagining Asian American Identity And Place In The Global South, Frank Sung Cha

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Asians have been part of the American South's physical, cultural, and economic landscape since Reconstruction when plantation owners introduced Chinese immigrants to replace newly freed African Americans as their primary labor source. Nearly a century later, sweeping immigration reform led to the influx of thousands of Asian immigrants who transformed the region's social, economic, and physical landscapes. Southern Orientation: Reimagining Asian American Identity and Place in the Global South utilizes twentieth- and twenty-first-century literature, film, and oral histories to investigate how the socio-spatial practices of Asians produce new iterations of place-bound identities that unsettle traditional notions of southern ...


Gathering Places, Cultivating Spaces: An Archaeology Of A Chesapeake Neighborhood Through Enslavement And Emancipation, 1775--1905, Jon Jason Boroughs Jan 2013

Gathering Places, Cultivating Spaces: An Archaeology Of A Chesapeake Neighborhood Through Enslavement And Emancipation, 1775--1905, Jon Jason Boroughs

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study is a community-level analysis of an African American plantation neighborhood grounded in archaeological excavations at the Quarterpath Site (44WB0124), an antebellum quartering complex and post-Emancipation tenant residence occupied circa 1840s-1905 in lower James City County, Virginia. It asserts that the Quarterpath domestic quarter was a gathering place, a locus of social interaction in a vibrant and long established Chesapeake plantation neighborhood complex.;By the antebellum period, as marriage "abroad," or off-plantation, became the most common form of long term social union within plantation communities, enslaved social and kin ties in the Chesapeake region were typically geographically dispersed, enjoining ...


No Longer Lost At Sea: Black Community Building In The Virginia Tidewater, 1865 To The Post-1954 Era, Hollis E. Pruitt Jan 2013

No Longer Lost At Sea: Black Community Building In The Virginia Tidewater, 1865 To The Post-1954 Era, Hollis E. Pruitt

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

...the early people of Gloucester County were English gentlemen and ladies... Many of these fine old families continued wealthy for generations, until about seventy years ago, when a terrible war, known as the War between the States,... deprived them and their present day descendents of their property and wealth, as well as their Negro slaves who were freed at the time of this war.(Gray 66).;All across the post-Civil War South, the newly freed African Diaspora struggled to find ways to maintain their families and to develop communities. Having been systematically denied education, property ownership, political participation and participation ...


Community Building After Emancipation: An Anthropological Study Of Charles' Corner, Virginia, 1862-1922, Shannon Sheila Mahoney Jan 2013

Community Building After Emancipation: An Anthropological Study Of Charles' Corner, Virginia, 1862-1922, Shannon Sheila Mahoney

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The half-century marked by the end of the Civil War and the beginning of World War I was a critical period of cultural, social, and economic transition for African Americans in the southern United States. During the late nineteenth century, while African Americans were rebuilding communities and networks disrupted by enslavement and the ensuing Civil War, several settlements developed between Williamsburg and Yorktown on Virginia's lower peninsula. One of the settlements, Charles' Corner, is an optimal case study for understanding the gradual process of community building during a particularly challenging period of African American history dominated by systemic racism ...


"History Written With Lightning": Religion, White Supremacy, And The Rise And Fall Of Thomas Dixon, Jr, David Michael Kidd Jan 2013

"History Written With Lightning": Religion, White Supremacy, And The Rise And Fall Of Thomas Dixon, Jr, David Michael Kidd

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Baptist minister and author of novels, plays, sermons, and essays, Thomas Dixon, Jr. today remains most known as the storyteller behind the 1915 D. W. Griffith Film The Birth of a Nation. I argue that Thomas Dixon crafted a white supremacist rhetoric and narrative of modern whiteness indebted to the structures of Fundamentalist Christianity. With varying degrees of success, later writers struggled with the legacy the Dixonian cultural narrative bequeathed them.;Fundamentalist theology offered a whole host of tropes, metaphors, and arguments to its users. In short, Fundamentalism presented a rhetorical stance that was, in the hands of an ambitious ...