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A School For Leaders: Continental Army Officer Training And Civilian Leadership In The Trans-Appalachian West, David Lawrence Ward Jan 2019

A School For Leaders: Continental Army Officer Training And Civilian Leadership In The Trans-Appalachian West, David Lawrence Ward

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This paper investigates the Continental Army’s junior leaders (sergeants, ensigns, lieutenants, and captains) who moved westward postwar and used the abilities acquired during military training in their new communities in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Ohio. This skill set included leading diverse individuals under arduous conditions, functioning within a bureaucracy, performing managerial tasks, and maintaining law and order in nascent communities. The Continental Army’s leadership development program for junior leaders centered on Baron von Steuben’s Regulations for the order and discipline of the troops of the United States, better known as the Blue Book. Unlike other contemporary military manuals ...


"By The Dear, Immortal Memory Of Washington"/The Baptists, Culture, And The Law In Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Douglas Breton Jul 2018

"By The Dear, Immortal Memory Of Washington"/The Baptists, Culture, And The Law In Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Douglas Breton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

"By the Dear, Immortal Memory of Washington" Americans have long used the Founding Fathers as symbols of patriotism, invoking their names and using their images whenever they wish to demonstrate that a particular way of thinking or acting is true to American ideals. The vague patriotic image of the founders tends to eclipse their actual character, allowing diverse and competing movements to all use them. This has been especially true of George Washington, who long enjoyed a preeminent and almost mythic status among the founders. During the 1860s, both secessionists and unionists claimed him as their own in order to ...


Watchful Waiting / Money Bags And Cannon Balls, William Sutherland Jul 2018

Watchful Waiting / Money Bags And Cannon Balls, William Sutherland

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Watchful Waiting: U.S. Neutrality Law in the Atlantic World: 1815-1819. This paper addressed the ways in which American statesmen responded to the diplomatic crisis of American citizens serving as privateers for the rebelling countries of South America during the South American Wars for Independence. Most specifically, this paper analyzes the strategy of President James Monroe, who crafted a elastic and flexible policy of "watchful waiting," which allowed the state to capitalize on events and situations in U.S. favor without bringing the nation into war with Spain. From a position of international weakness, U.S. statesmen were able to ...


Performative Circulations Of St. Martín De Porres In The African Diaspora, James Patrick Padilioni, Jr. May 2018

Performative Circulations Of St. Martín De Porres In The African Diaspora, James Patrick Padilioni, Jr.

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

"Performative Circulations of St. Martín de Porres in the African Diaspora" examines the significance of the first American Catholic saint of African descent, the Peruvian friar Martín de Porres (1579-1639), through several case studies that track iconographic circulations and ritual-performative restagings of Martín across the African Diaspora between the seventeenth and twenty-first centuries. I approach Martín de Porres as both an historical figure and a figure of repetition and re-figuration in Black Diasporic cultures. Martín's material life and the diffusion of his cult of devotion following his death form a prism for interrogating the (re)formations of Diasporic Catholicism ...


Making A Home Out Of No Home: ‘Colored’ Orphan Asylums In Virginia, 1867–1930, August Butler Jan 2018

Making A Home Out Of No Home: ‘Colored’ Orphan Asylums In Virginia, 1867–1930, August Butler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No research has been done on institutions created for African American orphans in the South after the Civil War, leaving a significant gap in the literature surrounding not only the nature and operation of these institutions but also how they reflected the various conceptions of the New South that competed for acceptance during Reconstruction and beyond. How individuals and organizations, particularly religious organizations, imagined the “problem” of the black orphan and the nature of a society that failed to deal with it affected the “solutions” they devised in the form of orphan asylums. Four case studies of orphanages in Virginia ...


An Order To Society/A Place Where "You Can Live Freedom", James Franklin Lowe Jan 2018

An Order To Society/A Place Where "You Can Live Freedom", James Franklin Lowe

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

"An Order to Society: Soeur Ste. Reine and the New Orleans Ursulines as Agents of Empire, 1727-1779" addresses the Ursuline Sisters of New Orleans as participants in an international, multiethnic system. All of these men and women helped to create a society and morality for colonial Louisiana and its capital city. Catherine Mauricette de Kerogon de l'Etang, Soeur Ste. Reine provides insight into the secular, temporal implications of her Sisters' ministry in New Orleans. After her return to a convent in Normandy, Kerogon wrote a series of letters to the French Court, asking for monetary compensation and defining herself ...


Literary Continuities/Imperative Education, Jane Snyder Jan 2018

Literary Continuities/Imperative Education, Jane Snyder

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Literary Continuities: British Books and the Britishness of Their Early American Readers People get their worldview from what they read. in a reading-saturated society such as 18th-century America, the most popular books determined the public consciousness. as such, the origin of these books must be carefully examined. Herein lies the question of whose books and ideas were popularized. According to quantitative analysis of primary evidence gathered from private and public library collections as well as booksellers' advertisements and inventories, the majority of books read in 18th-century America could be considered British more than American. Before, during, and after the American ...


Dolly Parton And Southern Womanhood / Race, Respectability, And Sexuality In The Mid-Century South, Madalyn Bell Jun 2017

Dolly Parton And Southern Womanhood / Race, Respectability, And Sexuality In The Mid-Century South, Madalyn Bell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

“There is No Such Thing as Natural Beauty”: Dolly Parton’s Cinematic Performances and Concepts of Southern Womanhood Despite the influx of scholarship surrounding popular film and gender in recent years, little to no studies focus on one star’s impact on concepts of identity. The existing scholarship tends to investigate how types of films influence spectators’ understanding of the identities represented on screen. For instance, a study of female friendship films would argue that the spectators’ concepts of relationships and female to female interaction would be influenced. This paper aims to study one actress whose multiple representations of the ...


’Wretched Petitioners’: Jamaican Maroon’S Petitions/ Catiline And Caesar In Early American Insults And The Whiskey Rebellion, Connor Fenton Jun 2017

’Wretched Petitioners’: Jamaican Maroon’S Petitions/ Catiline And Caesar In Early American Insults And The Whiskey Rebellion, Connor Fenton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The ‘Wretched Petitioners’: Jamaican Maroon’s Petitions, 1795-1800 In 1795 the Jamaican Maroons from Trelawney Town revolted against the British. The rebellion was short lived but sent shockwaves across the Island that saw the British Governor, Lord Balcarres, gather the Assembly of Jamaica and order the removal of the rebellious Maroons. The Jamaican Maroons responded to Barclarres, not with renewed violence, but with British legal strategies by employing petitions in order to try and salvage their stay on the Island. Sic Semper Tyrannis: Catiline and Caesar in Early American Insults, Allusions, and The Whiskey Rebellion, 1789-1804 The use of classical ...


P.S. Don’T Tell My Mother: American Children Debate Race And Civil Rights, 1946-1991, Cara Anson Elliott Apr 2017

P.S. Don’T Tell My Mother: American Children Debate Race And Civil Rights, 1946-1991, Cara Anson Elliott

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Thousands of children throughout the United States participated in debates over race-based civil rights that occurred from the late 1940s through the early 1990s. One of the ways in which young Americans contributed to racial conflicts was by offering their opinions in letters and other writings. Children defended particular positions in the midst of national battles over integration, racial violence, desegregation, busing, urban uprisings, racial representation, poverty, and drugs. By communicating their interpretations of race and rights over the course of fifty years, children contributed to the development of American racial discourses. Children composed arguments both for and against racial ...


Native Citizens And French Refugees: Exploring The Aftermath Of The Haitian Revolution, Frances Bell Jan 2017

Native Citizens And French Refugees: Exploring The Aftermath Of The Haitian Revolution, Frances Bell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

“Native Citizens!” Citizenship, Family, and Governance During the Haitian Revolution, 1789-1806 Given the upheaval of the Haitian Revolution, and first head-of-state Jean-Jacques Dessalines’s insistence on divesting Haiti from all French influence, it is unsurprising that many historians have depicted Dessalines’s rule as a dramatic rupture; the end of an old state, and the beginning of a new one. However, despite Dessalines’s stated desire to divest from French influence, he continued to use the language of citizenship in legal texts, speeches, and proclamations, despite its strong association with French republicanism. By examining legislative texts and proclamations from 1793 ...


Negotiating American Youth: Legal And Social Perceptions Of Age In The Early Republic, Holly Nicole Stevens White Jan 2017

Negotiating American Youth: Legal And Social Perceptions Of Age In The Early Republic, Holly Nicole Stevens White

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

“Negotiating American Youth” examines the venues in which young people and authority figures negotiated understandings of how age and communal or familial expectations affected one’s marriageability, independence and dependence, culpability, capability, and reliability in the Early Republican United States. Historians have characterized the period following the American Revolution as a progressive march toward legally uniform and modern interpretations of childhood, age, and family relationships that we might recognize today as more standardized. More specifically, historians of the Early Republic have often seized on newly codified definitions of age and independence as a means to explain changes in family relationships ...


"The Irish Servants Of Barbados 1657-1661: Illuminations On Subjecthood, Religion, Nationality, And Labor"/ "Moral Dynamite: Support And Opposition For Nationalist Political Violence And Nationalist Activity Among Irish-Americans In The 1880s", Jacqueline Wheelock Jan 2017

"The Irish Servants Of Barbados 1657-1661: Illuminations On Subjecthood, Religion, Nationality, And Labor"/ "Moral Dynamite: Support And Opposition For Nationalist Political Violence And Nationalist Activity Among Irish-Americans In The 1880s", Jacqueline Wheelock

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The first paper, "The Irish Servants of Barbados, 1657-1661: Illuminations on Subjecthood, Religion, Nationality, and Labor" explores the Irish as subjects within the English Empire and their access to the immunities, rights, and tolerance of other subjects of non-Irish nationality. This paper attempts to demonstrate not only the various ways in which the Irish were conceived as subjects in the early modern English Atlantic but also the ways in which this subjecthood was articulated and deployed in often fluid and haphazard ways. This paper uses colonial Barbados in the late 1650s and early 1660s as a case-study and relies on ...


Migrant Nation-Builders: The Development Of Austria-Hungary's National Projects In The United States, 1880s-1920s, Kristina Evans Poznan Jan 2017

Migrant Nation-Builders: The Development Of Austria-Hungary's National Projects In The United States, 1880s-1920s, Kristina Evans Poznan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation charts the ways in which migrants from the Austro-Hungarian Empire crafted new forms of identification in the United States, complicating their relationships with their home and host states. Transatlantic migration and migrants’ heightened nationalism were, I argue, causative factors in the dismantling of the Habsburg Empire into ethnically-based states after Word War I. Rather than focusing on a single ethnic group, Migrant Nation-Builders looks broadly at early multilingual immigrant institutions, Austro-Hungarian and American perceptions of panslavism, and the splintering of immigrant institutions in the United States along linguistic lines. The project traces the long arm of homeland authorities ...


The Myth Of Unity: The Contra War, 1980–1990, Benjamin Wyatt Medina Nov 2016

The Myth Of Unity: The Contra War, 1980–1990, Benjamin Wyatt Medina

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This research focuses on the anti-Sandinista forces popularly known as the "contras" who operated in Nicaragua from 1980 to 1990, in particular the Fuerza Democrática Nicaragüense (FDN), the Alianza Revolucionaria Democrática (ARDE), and the two main Atlantic Coast contra groups: MISURA (Miskito Sumu and Rama Indians of the Atlantic Coast) and MISURASATA (Miskito, Sumu, Rama, Sandinista Aslatakanta [Working Together]). This thesis looks at the different ways these contra groups viewed their conflict and explained it to national and international audiences, as well as to those within the anti-Sandinista movement. Because there was such heterogeneity within the contra movement, a comparative ...


“Killing The Cattle, Hogs, And Fowls”/Stories Of Osceola, Andrew Stephen Vickory Oct 2016

“Killing The Cattle, Hogs, And Fowls”/Stories Of Osceola, Andrew Stephen Vickory

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

“Killing the Cattle, Hogs, and Fowls”: Creek Indians and Domesticated Livestock, 1700-1814 During the Red Stick War of 1813-14, the Creek Indian faction known as the Red Sticks killed the majority of cattle and hogs in Creek Country. The rejection of these animals was a purposeful tactic that carried great significance for the Red Stick movement, and was closely tied to Creek discourses concerning identity, autonomy, and community organization. By the early nineteenth century, Creeks already had a century-long history of experience with livestock, and the historical trajectory of those experiences is crucial to understanding Creek actions during the Red ...


Cabinet Of Monkies: Dancing Politics In Anglo Culture, From Jacobite To Jacobin And Royalist To Republican, Amy Stallings Oct 2016

Cabinet Of Monkies: Dancing Politics In Anglo Culture, From Jacobite To Jacobin And Royalist To Republican, Amy Stallings

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Dance has long been known to play a significant role in the social lives of men and women in colonial British America. What historians have largely failed to note is the integral nature of dance, in particular the longways English country form, to the realm of politics and the formation of national identity. From the earliest days of its dissemination in print, English country dance served a political purpose. In 1651, under Oliver Cromwell’s dour Protectorate government, Royalists like publisher John Playford used dance as a subtle form of resistance. Urging the public to remember the monarchy fondly and ...


“The Improvements Made By America On The Ancient Mode”: Classicism And Nationalism In The Early American Republic, 1780-1850, Alexander Strickland Oct 2016

“The Improvements Made By America On The Ancient Mode”: Classicism And Nationalism In The Early American Republic, 1780-1850, Alexander Strickland

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Classicism, an interest in the history, society, and arts of the ancient world, became a staple of American culture with the first permanent European settlements, and reached its zenith in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The extant scholarship on early American classicism offers a wealth of information about how citizens of the nascent United States read and interpreted the sources of the ancient world. However, it has done little to address the political utility of that classicism. The first of the two studies presented here attempts to locate one possible utility of American classicism in the Federalist Papers ...


Muskogee Internationalism In An Age Of Revolution, 1763-1818, James L. Hill Oct 2016

Muskogee Internationalism In An Age Of Revolution, 1763-1818, James L. Hill

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation reevaluates the consequences of the American Revolution by examining how indigenous peoples preserved their role as regional powers in the decades following the birth of the United States. Focusing on the Creek Indians of the present-day southeastern United States, I demonstrate that they maintained ties with Britons, Spaniards, and other Native peoples, employing these connections to their advantage. Creeks created borderlands that connected their societies with those of the British and Spanish Caribbean. The Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of Florida and their surrounding waters became zones of encounter and exchange between Native peoples, British wreckers from the Bahamas ...


Trans-Atlantic Elements In The Domestic Policy Attitudes Of The British And American Conservative Movements, 1980-1990., Samuel Inigo Packer Jul 2016

Trans-Atlantic Elements In The Domestic Policy Attitudes Of The British And American Conservative Movements, 1980-1990., Samuel Inigo Packer

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This paper explores the relationship between British and American Conservative activists during the 1980s, when Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan dominated the politics of their respective countries. It does so mainly via looking at the most popular right-wing magazines in either country at the time; The Spectator and National Review.


Blurring The Lines Between Collaboration And Resistance: Women In Nazi Germany And Vichy And Nazi-Occupied France, Katherine Michelle Thurlow Jun 2016

Blurring The Lines Between Collaboration And Resistance: Women In Nazi Germany And Vichy And Nazi-Occupied France, Katherine Michelle Thurlow

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In Nazi Germany and Vichy and Nazi-Occupied France during World War II, women were involved in numerous activities that fell upon a spectrum of resistance and collaboration. Although these two categories appear at first glance to be complete opposites, women were able to maneuver their society by going back and forth along the spectrum. Individuals were motivated by their families and loved ones, survival, and ideologies to participate in both resistance and collaboration. Women in particular were able to play upon societal expectations in order to navigate the spectrum. They took a role, often following societal ideas of women being ...


Apocalypse Now: War And Religion In Late Colonial And Early Republic America, Nicole Marie Penn Apr 2016

Apocalypse Now: War And Religion In Late Colonial And Early Republic America, Nicole Marie Penn

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

ABSTRACT French “Idolators,” British “Heretics,” Native “Heathens”: The Seven Years’ War in North America as a Religious Conflict With France and Great Britain as its primary belligerents, the Seven Years' War was an international conflict with a decidedly religious dimension, one based on the longstanding rivalry between Catholicism and Protestantism. In North America, the conflict galvanized clergymen in both the British and French colonies to frame the war as a religious struggle with potentially apocalyptic consequences. This discourse remains understudied by historians, and efforts to address religion's role in America during the Seven Years' War is usually one-sided, focusing ...


The Infusion Of Stars And Stripes: Sectarianism And National Unity In Little Syria, New York, 1890-1905, Manal Kabbani Jan 2016

The Infusion Of Stars And Stripes: Sectarianism And National Unity In Little Syria, New York, 1890-1905, Manal Kabbani

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Relationships, Credit, And Value: Analyzing Money As A Social Institution In Late Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Amanda White Gibson Jan 2016

Relationships, Credit, And Value: Analyzing Money As A Social Institution In Late Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Amanda White Gibson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Cherries From The Tree: National Identity And The Hero Construction Of George Washington, 1799-1829, Jack Thomas Masterson Jan 2016

Cherries From The Tree: National Identity And The Hero Construction Of George Washington, 1799-1829, Jack Thomas Masterson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


'A Land Not Exactly Flowing With Milk & Honey': Swan River Mania In The British Isles And Western Australia 1827-1832, Matthew John Niendorf Jan 2016

'A Land Not Exactly Flowing With Milk & Honey': Swan River Mania In The British Isles And Western Australia 1827-1832, Matthew John Niendorf

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Private Schools For Blacks In Early Twentieth Century Richmond, Virginia, Sharron Smith Jan 2016

Private Schools For Blacks In Early Twentieth Century Richmond, Virginia, Sharron Smith

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The Virginia State Constitution of 1869 mandated that public school education be open to both black and white students on a segregated basis. In the city of Richmond, Virginia the public school system indeed offered separate school houses for blacks and whites, but public schools for blacks were conducted in small, overcrowded, poorly equipped and unclean facilities. at the beginning of the twentieth century, public schools for black students in the city of Richmond did not change and would not for many decades. Before 1918, there was no public high school for black students to attend. Whites made it clear ...


The Gilded South/Exporting Abortion, Jenna Frances Ray Jan 2016

The Gilded South/Exporting Abortion, Jenna Frances Ray

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This master's portfolio consists of two distinct essays. The first concerns the development of the American South, and the specific role of the Confederacy, with regard to questions of foreign expansion. The second concerns the way that abortion policy as a subject of American foreign policy changes as a result of the 1973 Supreme Court ruling on Roe v. Wade.


Subjects Or Rebels: The Dominion Of New England And The Roots Of Anglo-American Conflict / The Right To Fortifications: American Communities And The Politics Of Harbor Defense: 1794-1812, Samuel Aldred Slattery Jan 2016

Subjects Or Rebels: The Dominion Of New England And The Roots Of Anglo-American Conflict / The Right To Fortifications: American Communities And The Politics Of Harbor Defense: 1794-1812, Samuel Aldred Slattery

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

ABSTRACT Subjects or Rebels: The Dominion of New England and the Roots of Anglo-American Conflict This paper argues that the process by which the English Crown’s initially modest attempts to tweak New England colonial governance dovetailed into a reactionary denial of all colonial liberties. The imposition of autocratic imperial rule and armed occupation of New England reflects the fundamental bankruptcy of the “imperial constitution,” namely, the incompatibility of the right of colonists to representative assemblies and the imperial authority of the English state. Because on a constitutional level the two were incompatible, a protracted conflict between colonists and metropolitans ...


Uniting Interests: The Economic Functions Of Marriage In America, 1750-1860, Lindsay Mitchell Keiter Jan 2016

Uniting Interests: The Economic Functions Of Marriage In America, 1750-1860, Lindsay Mitchell Keiter

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation, "Uniting Interests: Money, Property, and Marriage in America, 1750-1860," examines how marriage was an essential economic transaction that responded to the development of capitalism in early America. Drawing on scholarship on the history of economic development, household organization, law, and gender, I argue that families actively distributed resources at marriage as part of larger wealth management strategies that were sensitive to regional and national economic growth. I focus particularly on women's property holding and how families deployed the legal protection of women's property as bulwarks against financial disaster. This project restores the family and women to ...