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Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Higher Education

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Women In The Trenches: Barriers To Female Staff's Advancement In Higher Education, Carla A. Costello Jan 2015

Women In The Trenches: Barriers To Female Staff's Advancement In Higher Education, Carla A. Costello

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This qualitative phenomenological case study examined the intersection of organizational structures and gender, as well as perceptions of climate, and their collective impact on professional advancement opportunities of women working in lower-level positions in higher education, namely classified and professional staff (Acker, 1990; Allan, 2011; Kanter, 1977). Kanter's (1977) theory of the role of structure in organizations posits that position in the organizational hierarchy and work role influence the amount of access an employee has to information, resources, promotional opportunities, and support. In gendered organizations (Acker, 1990, 2006), women face barriers in advancement. While Kanter (1977) argued that structure ...


Women In Engineering: The Impact Of The College Internship On Persistence Into An Engineering Field, Kimberly M. Brush Jan 2013

Women In Engineering: The Impact Of The College Internship On Persistence Into An Engineering Field, Kimberly M. Brush

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


To Seek The Good, The True, And Beautiful: White, Greek-Letter Sororities In The U.S. South And The Shaping Of American 'Ladyhood,' 1915--1975, Margaret Lynn Freeman Jan 2011

To Seek The Good, The True, And Beautiful: White, Greek-Letter Sororities In The U.S. South And The Shaping Of American 'Ladyhood,' 1915--1975, Margaret Lynn Freeman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation examines the role of white, Greek-letter sororities in the creation and enforcement of standards for white women's behavior during the twentieth century. While sororities at white, southern universities first served as supportive networks for the few female students on newly coeducational university campuses, I argue that they transformed into spaces that promoted "heterosocial" activities and enforced members' heteronormativity through "lessons of 'ladyhood" and required attendance at fraternity parties and participation in heterosexual dating. as a means to guarantee their popularity among students on their respective campuses, sorority chapters sought the attention of the campuses' fraternity elite. This ...


Choosing To Succeed: An Exploration Of The Relationship Between College Choice And Freshman Retention, James Tomlin Walke Jan 2010

Choosing To Succeed: An Exploration Of The Relationship Between College Choice And Freshman Retention, James Tomlin Walke

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Organizational Culture On The Academic Success Of Historically Black College And University Athletes: A Case Study, Ralph Charlton Jan 2009

The Impact Of Organizational Culture On The Academic Success Of Historically Black College And University Athletes: A Case Study, Ralph Charlton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Increasing the graduation rates of student athletes is one of the more visible NCAA academic goals. Overall student-athlete graduation rates have improved significantly among many institutional members. However, Historically Black College and University (HBCU) student-athlete graduation rates lag considerably behind. Although the NCAA claims that a causal relationship exists between lack of economic resources and lower student-athlete graduation rate for HBCUs, analysis within Division I HBCUs indicates no relationship between per student academic spending and the student-athlete graduation rates. Seeking an additional explanation for graduation rates, this case study examined the organizational culture of an HBCU athletic department with an ...


Predicting Success: Academic Potential And Talent Development Factors Among Black And White Students, Valija Cynthia Rose Jan 2009

Predicting Success: Academic Potential And Talent Development Factors Among Black And White Students, Valija Cynthia Rose

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Talent Process Of Successful Academic Women Scientists At Elite Research Universities In New York State, Lisa M. Kaenzig Jan 2009

The Talent Process Of Successful Academic Women Scientists At Elite Research Universities In New York State, Lisa M. Kaenzig

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


An Exploratory Study Of Factors That Relate To Academic Success Among High-Achieving African American Males, Kianga Rhea Thomas Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Factors That Relate To Academic Success Among High-Achieving African American Males, Kianga Rhea Thomas

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This exploratory study explored three factors -- self-efficacy, resiliency, and leadership -- that relate to academic success in African American male freshman college students. The study explored how self-efficacy, resiliency, and leadership interrelate, how a pilot group and study group differ in respect to self-efficacy, resiliency, and leadership, and how African American freshman males differ on these factors in respect to key demographic variables.;The study utilized the Student Academic Success Scale (SASS), which was an instrument developed by the researcher in a graduate course. The instrument was administered to 104 participants. Descriptive statistics, correlation coefficients, and a one-way analysis of variance ...


You're In The Army Now: The Students' Army Training Corps At Selected Virginia Universities In 1918, Michael J. Faughnan Jan 2008

You're In The Army Now: The Students' Army Training Corps At Selected Virginia Universities In 1918, Michael J. Faughnan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


John M. Ellison Within The Veil: Confronting The Challenges Of Leadership In The Age Of Jim Crow, Sherman John Curl Jan 2007

John M. Ellison Within The Veil: Confronting The Challenges Of Leadership In The Age Of Jim Crow, Sherman John Curl

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Navigating The Academy: The Career Advancement Of Black And White Women Full-Time Faculty, Wandalyn Fanchon Glover Jan 2006

Navigating The Academy: The Career Advancement Of Black And White Women Full-Time Faculty, Wandalyn Fanchon Glover

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The recruitment, retention, and promotion of Black women in the academy continue to be a challenge even after numerous policies and programs to rectify historical and social injustices in American society. This study utilized a womanist lens as a framework to conceptualize the interlocking impact of race and gender on the experiences of Black women in higher education. Utilizing a quantitative design, the primary source for the study included data gathered from the National Study of Postsecondary Faculty conducted by the National Center of Education Statistics (NCES) in survey cycles of 1993, 1999, and 2004. The researcher examined the pace ...


The Juggling Act Female Administrators Perform Between Their Professional And Nonprofessional Lives, Betsy Taylor Roesch Jan 1996

The Juggling Act Female Administrators Perform Between Their Professional And Nonprofessional Lives, Betsy Taylor Roesch

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine how full-time female college administrators juggle the responsibilities in their professional lives with those of their nonprofessional lives.;A total of thirty female administrators were selected from both private and public four-year institutions in eastern Virginia. Snowball sampling was used to identify the women who met the criteria of the study. The women were all full-time college administrators who had at least one child still living at home and at least one living parent. They were all members of the "sandwich generation". One-third of the women were African American.;Information on each ...


Self-Concept, Racial Identity Development And The Perception Of The Graduate And Professional Educational Experience Among African-American Female College Students Planning To Pursue Advanced Degrees: A Correlational Study, Wanda Shnita Mitchell Jan 1995

Self-Concept, Racial Identity Development And The Perception Of The Graduate And Professional Educational Experience Among African-American Female College Students Planning To Pursue Advanced Degrees: A Correlational Study, Wanda Shnita Mitchell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship among self-concept, racial identity development, and perceptions of the graduate and professional educational experience of African American female college students planning to pursue advanced degrees. The researcher explored the relationship among the factors to determine if they were predictive of the pursuit of advanced degrees among African American female college students. The investigation would provide counselors, educators, and administrators with information which could positively impact the enrollment and retention of African American women in advanced degree programs.;A sample of 85 graduating African American female college seniors at a very ...


Academic Freedom And Faculty Careers: A Case Study Of Four Nobel Laureate Exiles, 1930-1940, Timothy Dale Norton Jan 1995

Academic Freedom And Faculty Careers: A Case Study Of Four Nobel Laureate Exiles, 1930-1940, Timothy Dale Norton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this historical study was to evaluate the consequences that the politically-determined conventions of academic freedom in Germany and in the United States had on the careers of four elite scientists before and after their emigration resulting from the threats of Nazism. This problem consisted of three distinct conceptual parts: (1) academic freedom, as a concept, (2) the political conventions of academic freedom within pre-World War II Germany and within pre- and World War II America, and (3) the effect that these definitions had on the careers of Albert Einstein, James Franck, Otto Meyerhof, and Otto Stern. The ...


Part-Time Music Faculty In Selected Senior Institutions Of Higher Education In The Commonwealth Of Virginia, Thomas Ward Forrest Jan 1994

Part-Time Music Faculty In Selected Senior Institutions Of Higher Education In The Commonwealth Of Virginia, Thomas Ward Forrest

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate part-time music faculty in higher education in Virginia. Part-timers are a significant part of music programs in Virginia where they make up fifty-three percent of the music faculty and outnumber the music full-timers. The results of this study suggest that perhaps the discipline of music may use more part-timers than any other discipline.;While the body of literature on part-timers in general is small, scholars such as Howard P. Tuckman, Judith M. Gappa and David W. Leslie have begun significant research and reporting. The literature on part-time music faculty, however, is virtually ...


Academic Freedom And The Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary Experience, 1979-1989, James Benson Johnson Ii Jan 1994

Academic Freedom And The Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary Experience, 1979-1989, James Benson Johnson Ii

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

As fundamentalist-conservatives pressed their agenda in Southern Baptist Convention life, and, in particular, as they assumed a majority on the board of trustees of Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary in Wake Forest, North Carolina, the academic freedom of the Southeastern faculty became an issue. Concerns enunciated by Robert M. MacIver (1955) provide reference points in responding to the inquiry: "Was the academic freedom of the faculty violated at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary?" While a prologue and epilogue are offered, the study parameters of the Southeastern Seminary experience are 1979 to 1989. The study concludes that academic freedom was compromised in this ...


Campus And Consortium In An Era Of Large-Scale Research: An Historical Study Of The Virginia Associated Research Center, 1962-1967, Elizabeth Buchanan Ward Jan 1993

Campus And Consortium In An Era Of Large-Scale Research: An Historical Study Of The Virginia Associated Research Center, 1962-1967, Elizabeth Buchanan Ward

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

A large agency of the Federal Government, three public institutions of higher learning, and two agents of State Government in the Commonwealth of Virginia launched a federally funded research and education consortium in 1962. The Virginia Associated Research Center (VARC) promised great success. The University of Virginia, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, and The College of William and Mary joined forces to provide the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Langley Research Center with a scientific research base and a graduate education program. The Commonwealth initially provided enthusiastic support from the Governor's office and from the State Council for Higher Education ...


White Students' Racial Attitudes And Racial Identity Development In A Liberal Arts Environment, Mary Hornback Glisan Jan 1992

White Students' Racial Attitudes And Racial Identity Development In A Liberal Arts Environment, Mary Hornback Glisan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to document the racial attitudes and racial identity development scores of White students in a liberal arts environment. of particular interest was gender differences, classification differences, and Greek/nonGreek affiliation differences. Furthermore, an effort was made to predict the racial attitude and racial identity development scores using self-report biographical variables.;The College of William and Mary, a public liberal arts university was the institution studied for this project. A stratified random sample was obtained of all White students attending the College. Participants completed the White Racial Identity Attitude Survey (WRIAS), the Racial Attitude and ...


Presenting The Past: Education, Interpretation And The Teaching Of Black History At Colonial Williamsburg, Rex Marshall Ellis Jan 1989

Presenting The Past: Education, Interpretation And The Teaching Of Black History At Colonial Williamsburg, Rex Marshall Ellis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation began in 1926. Within four years after its initial construction, the need to begin some means of presenting information to a growing population of visitors became apparent. In this study, an attempt will be made to answer the question, "How has the history of interpretation at Colonial Williamsburg influenced its teaching of black history?".;The major research question and the subsidiary questions were prompted by the recent inclusion of a black history program at the foundation. In this study, primary focus will be given to the history of interpretation at Colonial Williamsburg. An attempt will be ...


Factors Affecting Persistence Of Re-Entry Women At An Urban State University, Carolyn Sheriff Mayfield Jan 1989

Factors Affecting Persistence Of Re-Entry Women At An Urban State University, Carolyn Sheriff Mayfield

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors that affect the persistence of re-entry women over age twenty-five at an urban state university using Vincent Tinto's academic-social fit theory of retention and persistence which posits that once this fit is achieved, persistence and retention will be positively affected.;The re-entry women's population at Urban State University, an historically black university, was studied. It was chosen because of its mission of serving special populations, its size, its historical prominence, and its location in an urban community.;Urban State University had an available pool of eighty-eight women over ...


A Policy Analysis Of The Federally Mandated Undergraduate Desegregation Criteria Measured By Retention Strategies For Minority Students At A Senior Public Traditionally White Institution In Virginia, Robert M. Simmonds Jan 1985

A Policy Analysis Of The Federally Mandated Undergraduate Desegregation Criteria Measured By Retention Strategies For Minority Students At A Senior Public Traditionally White Institution In Virginia, Robert M. Simmonds

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this research was an analysis of the implementation of the federally mandated undergraduate desegregation criteria. This research looked at the development of policy at the federal level, and the subsequent response by the State of Virginia and Virginia Commonwealth University.;Virginia Commonwealth University was selected for this study for two reasons: (1) Virginia Commonwealth University is located in an urban setting which has the largest black population in the state, and (2) this institution has the largest target (identified by the state) of black enrollment than any other public senior institution in Virginia.;Retention strategies were used ...


A History Of Governance At Lee College : A Study In Pentecostal Higher Education, Raphael Weller Stephens Iii Jan 1981

A History Of Governance At Lee College : A Study In Pentecostal Higher Education, Raphael Weller Stephens Iii

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to trace the history of governance of Lee College, Cleveland, Tennessee, considering the influence of pentecostalism, particularly as stressed by its sponsoring denomination, the Church of God. Consideration was given to possible accommodations and complex influences which impacted on the pentecostal position of the College, differentiating secular/academic standards from clearly pentecostal standards.;It was hypothesized that Lee College would be highly influenced by the conservative pentecostalism of the Church of God that the decision-making process would reflect this influence. Two questions were asked: (1) to what extent has pentecostalism influenced the governance structure ...