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Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Relationships, Credit, And Value: Analyzing Money As A Social Institution In Late Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Amanda White Gibson Jan 2016

Relationships, Credit, And Value: Analyzing Money As A Social Institution In Late Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Amanda White Gibson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Uniting Interests: The Economic Functions Of Marriage In America, 1750-1860, Lindsay Mitchell Keiter Jan 2016

Uniting Interests: The Economic Functions Of Marriage In America, 1750-1860, Lindsay Mitchell Keiter

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation, "Uniting Interests: Money, Property, and Marriage in America, 1750-1860," examines how marriage was an essential economic transaction that responded to the development of capitalism in early America. Drawing on scholarship on the history of economic development, household organization, law, and gender, I argue that families actively distributed resources at marriage as part of larger wealth management strategies that were sensitive to regional and national economic growth. I focus particularly on women's property holding and how families deployed the legal protection of women's property as bulwarks against financial disaster. This project restores the family and women to ...


Exhorting Or Extorting?: George Whitefield's Financial Controversies, Kristen Elizabeth Beales Jan 2014

Exhorting Or Extorting?: George Whitefield's Financial Controversies, Kristen Elizabeth Beales

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Nottoway Of Virginia: A Study Of Peoplehood And Political Economy, C.1775-1875, Buck Woodard Jan 2013

The Nottoway Of Virginia: A Study Of Peoplehood And Political Economy, C.1775-1875, Buck Woodard

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This research examines the social construction of a Virginia Indian reservation community during the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Between 1824 and 1877 the Iroquoian-speaking Nottoway divided their reservation lands into individual partible allotments and developed family farm ventures that mirrored their landholding White neighbors. In Southampton's slave-based society, labor relationships with White landowners and "Free People of Color" impacted Nottoway exogamy and shaped community notions of peoplehood. Through property ownership and a variety of labor practices, Nottoway's kin-based farms produced agricultural crops, orchard goods and hogs for export and sale in an emerging agro-industrial economy. However, shifts ...


"Here Stands A High Bred Horse": A Theory Of Economics And Horse Breeding In Colonial Virginia, 1750-1780; A Statistical Model, Lily Kleppertknoop Jan 2013

"Here Stands A High Bred Horse": A Theory Of Economics And Horse Breeding In Colonial Virginia, 1750-1780; A Statistical Model, Lily Kleppertknoop

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Plastic Capital: Wilmington, Delaware And The Deregulation Of Consumer Credit, Carolee Anne Klimchock Jan 2008

Plastic Capital: Wilmington, Delaware And The Deregulation Of Consumer Credit, Carolee Anne Klimchock

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Breaking The Mold: Sugar Ceramics And The Political Economy Of 18th Century St Eustatius, Derek Robert Miller Jan 2008

Breaking The Mold: Sugar Ceramics And The Political Economy Of 18th Century St Eustatius, Derek Robert Miller

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Pay For Labor: Socioeconomic Transitions Of Freedpeople And The Archaeology Of African American Life, 1863-1930, Shannon Sheila Mahoney Jan 2004

Pay For Labor: Socioeconomic Transitions Of Freedpeople And The Archaeology Of African American Life, 1863-1930, Shannon Sheila Mahoney

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Common Thread: Labor, Politics, And Capital Mobility In The Massachusetts Textile Industry, 1880-1934, Beth Anne English Jan 2003

A Common Thread: Labor, Politics, And Capital Mobility In The Massachusetts Textile Industry, 1880-1934, Beth Anne English

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

"A Common Thread" is an analysis of the relocation of the New England textile industry to the states of the Piedmont South between 1880 and 1934. Competition from textile mills operating in the South became a serious challenge for New England textile manufacturers as early as the 1890s. as they watched their profits turn into losses while output and sales of southern goods continued apace during the 1893 depression, owners of northern textile corporations felt unfairly constrained by state legislation that established age and hours standards for mill employees, and by actual and potential labor militancy in their mills. Several ...


A Study Of Transition In Plantation Economy: George Washington's Whiskey Distillery, 1799, Anna Catherine Borden Anderson Jan 2002

A Study Of Transition In Plantation Economy: George Washington's Whiskey Distillery, 1799, Anna Catherine Borden Anderson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Measure Of Independence: From The American Revolution To The Market Revolution In The Mid -Atlantic, Richard Smith Chew Jan 2002

The Measure Of Independence: From The American Revolution To The Market Revolution In The Mid -Atlantic, Richard Smith Chew

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study explores the social and economic changes in the mid-Atlantic region generally, and Baltimore City and its hinterlands specifically, between the late colonial period and the dawn of the Jacksonian era. Baltimore foundered as a colonial entrepot until wheat emerged as an important export commodity in the 1740s. Between the mid-1740s and the 1770s, the town grew steadily within the British mercantilist world. its trade was deeply dependent on Atlantic commerce, its social structure reflected the mercantile orientation of the town and the staunchly deferential colonial household economy. The Revolution threatened to overturn this world with the promise of ...


A World Of Goods: The Printer's Economy In Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Kari S. Richardson Jan 2000

A World Of Goods: The Printer's Economy In Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Kari S. Richardson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Bacchus And Bellum: The Anglo-Gascon Wine Trade And The Hundred Years War (987 To 1453 A.D), Christopher D. Turgeon Jan 2000

Bacchus And Bellum: The Anglo-Gascon Wine Trade And The Hundred Years War (987 To 1453 A.D), Christopher D. Turgeon

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Three Generations Of Planter -Businessmen: The Tayloes, Slave Labor, And Entrepreneurialism In Virginia, 1710-1830, Laura Croghan Kamoie Jan 1999

Three Generations Of Planter -Businessmen: The Tayloes, Slave Labor, And Entrepreneurialism In Virginia, 1710-1830, Laura Croghan Kamoie

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study analyzes the entrepreneurial estate-building activities of three generations of the Tayloe family of Virginia from the 1710s to the 1820s. The three John Tayloes were model planter-businessmen---that is, they combined mixed commercial agriculture with a variety of business enterprises in an effort to secure long-term financial security and social status for themselves and their heirs. This diversified approach to plantation management characterized early Virginia's "culture of progress"---an early American business culture interpreted in many different ways throughout the colonies (and later the states) that had the pursuit of a better life as its organizing premise.;The ...


The Agroecologies Of A Southern Community: The Tye River Valley Of Virginia, 1730-1860, Lynn A. Nelson Jan 1998

The Agroecologies Of A Southern Community: The Tye River Valley Of Virginia, 1730-1860, Lynn A. Nelson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The farmers of piedmont Virginia's Tye River Valley adapted agriculture to a commercial frontier during the eighteenth century. This 'frontier agroecosystem' optimized labor returns by exploiting the stored fertility of mature ecosystems at the expense of conservation, but proved vulnerable to population growth and soil exhaustion. Out-migration increased after the Revolution, and economic growth was stymied by limited capital and consumer formation. The frontier agroecosystem could not provide the reliable commercial returns needed to promote development or stable neighborhoods.;During the early 1800s, prominent planters demanded that Virginia farming be intensified---that land productivity be maximized, rather than labor productivity ...


"In The Eye Of All Trade": Maritime Revolution And The Transformation Of Bermudian Society, 1612-1800, Michael J. Jarvis Jan 1998

"In The Eye Of All Trade": Maritime Revolution And The Transformation Of Bermudian Society, 1612-1800, Michael J. Jarvis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study examines the settlement of the British colony of Bermuda in 1612 and its development to 1800. Drawing heavily on primary sources, it is the first social and economic history of the island and an exploration of trade and migration within a pan-colonial network. The purpose of this dissertation is to bring Bermuda's history to the attention of colonial historians and to map connections between Europe's colonies within the Atlantic world.;Part I examines Bermuda's initial settlement and its development under the Somers Island Company. The first English colony to successfully cultivate tobacco and to import ...


Labor At Home: The Domestic World Of Workers At The Du Pont Powder Mills, 1802-1902, Margaret M. Mulrooney Jan 1996

Labor At Home: The Domestic World Of Workers At The Du Pont Powder Mills, 1802-1902, Margaret M. Mulrooney

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

While the history of the du Pont family and Du Pont Company have been well-documented, little is known about the everyday lives of the Irish Catholic immigrants who lived and worked at the home plant near Wilmington, Delaware. to correct this oversight, "Labor at Home" explores every aspect of the powder workers' domestic world--from religious beliefs, family structure, gender relations, and ethnic ties, to houses, furnishings, and yards--and uses this data to support new conclusions about cultural identity and class affiliation. as early as the 1820s, for example, powder mill families began to convey their increasing affiliation with bourgeois American ...


The Price Of Empire: Anglo-French Rivalry For The Great Lakes Fur Trades, 1700-1760, Matthew R. Laird Jan 1995

The Price Of Empire: Anglo-French Rivalry For The Great Lakes Fur Trades, 1700-1760, Matthew R. Laird

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

As the English and French grappled for North American hegemony in the first half of the eighteenth century, trade with the Indian groups of the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley transcended mere financial calculations and assumed a broader imperial significance. to the native peoples who exchanged their peltry for European manufactured goods, trade was the material manifestation of mutual obligation, political dialogue, and military alliance. If the contest for empire inevitably became a battle for the hearts and minds of potential Indian allies, the spoils of victory were most visibly reckoned in furs and skins.;Yet, despite the outspoken criticism ...


Virginia Embargoed: The Economic And Political Effects Of The 1807-1809 Embargo On Virginia, John George Kinzie Jan 1995

Virginia Embargoed: The Economic And Political Effects Of The 1807-1809 Embargo On Virginia, John George Kinzie

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


R C Scott: A History Of African-American Entrepreneurship In Richmond, 1890-1940, Michael A. Plater Jan 1993

R C Scott: A History Of African-American Entrepreneurship In Richmond, 1890-1940, Michael A. Plater

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study examines the socioeconomic aspects of ethnicity as a way to understand African-American entrepreneurship in the early twentieth century. In an attempt to separate the influence of ethnicity from the social and environmental elements that restrained many African-American entrepreneurs, the study focuses on the African-American funeral industry. The funeral industry provides a rare example of an industry that successfully operated on a voluntarily segregated basis. Sheltered from discrimination and racism, African-American funeral directors not only survived and surpassed their white counterparts, but also organized a national fraternity of economic and political elite who wielded significant power in the United ...


To Separate The Tares From The Corn: Debts And Slaves In Post-Revolutionary Virginia, Philip George Swan Jan 1993

To Separate The Tares From The Corn: Debts And Slaves In Post-Revolutionary Virginia, Philip George Swan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Political Economy In India: Interest Groups And Development (1947-1990), Alaka Singh Jan 1992

The Political Economy In India: Interest Groups And Development (1947-1990), Alaka Singh

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Cedars, Sloops And Slaves: The Development Of The Bermuda Shipbuilding Industry, 1680-1750, Michael J. Jarvis Jan 1992

Cedars, Sloops And Slaves: The Development Of The Bermuda Shipbuilding Industry, 1680-1750, Michael J. Jarvis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Economic Development And Political Authority: Norfolk, Virginia Merchant-Magistrates, 1736-1800, Thomas Costa Jan 1991

Economic Development And Political Authority: Norfolk, Virginia Merchant-Magistrates, 1736-1800, Thomas Costa

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Colonial Norfolk, Virginia, developed a more diversified economy than much of the rest of the tobacco-growing Chesapeake. Through a vigorous trade to the West Indies in agricultural products, local merchants prospered, and in 1736 a group of the leading local traders received a charter incorporating Norfolk town as a borough. From that time until the Revolution, through the offices of mayor and aldermen, who corresponded to county magistrates elsewhere in Virginia, the founding merchants and their hand-picked successors governed the town.;Norfolk's merchant-magistrates retained their grip on the town's political and economic life until after the Revolution, despite ...


Merchants Of Curacao In The Early 18th Century, Nadia Francisca Brito Jan 1989

Merchants Of Curacao In The Early 18th Century, Nadia Francisca Brito

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Economic Survival In Colorado Before And After The Silver Crash Of 1893, Sarah S. Brophy Jan 1987

Economic Survival In Colorado Before And After The Silver Crash Of 1893, Sarah S. Brophy

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Page Family Of Rosewell And Mannsfield: A Study In Economic Decline, Betty Crowe. Leviner Jan 1987

The Page Family Of Rosewell And Mannsfield: A Study In Economic Decline, Betty Crowe. Leviner

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Clues To A Community: Transactions At The Anderson-Low Store, 1784--1785, Jeanne Ellen Whitney Jan 1983

Clues To A Community: Transactions At The Anderson-Low Store, 1784--1785, Jeanne Ellen Whitney

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Commercial Endeavors Of A Virginia Merchant During The Confederation Period: The Rise And Fall Of Richard Blow, 1781-1790, Fredrika J. Teute Jan 1976

The Commercial Endeavors Of A Virginia Merchant During The Confederation Period: The Rise And Fall Of Richard Blow, 1781-1790, Fredrika J. Teute

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Child Labor And Virginia Politics In The Progressive Era, Mary Randolph Nichols Jan 1973

Child Labor And Virginia Politics In The Progressive Era, Mary Randolph Nichols

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.