Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

193,716 Full-Text Articles 253,290 Authors 98,213,705 Downloads 389 Institutions

All Articles in Engineering

Faceted Search

193,716 full-text articles. Page 6668 of 6698.

Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (Mems) And Agile Lensing-Based Modules For Communications, Sensing And Signal Processing., Syed Reza 2010 University of Central Florida

Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (Mems) And Agile Lensing-Based Modules For Communications, Sensing And Signal Processing., Syed Reza

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation proposes the use of the emerging Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) and agile lensing optical device technologies to design novel and powerful signal conditioning and sensing modules for advanced applications in optical communications, physical parameter sensing and RF/optical signal processing. For example, these new module designs have experimentally demonstrated exceptional features such as stable loss broadband operations and high > 60 dB optical dynamic range signal filtering capabilities. The first part of the dissertation describes the design and demonstration of digital MEMS-based signal processing modules for communication systems and sensor networks using the TI DLP (Digital Light Processing) technology. Examples of …


Development Of An Improved Microwave Ocean Surface Emissivity Radiative Transfer Model, Salem El-Nimri 2010 University of Central Florida

Development Of An Improved Microwave Ocean Surface Emissivity Radiative Transfer Model, Salem El-Nimri

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

An electromagnetic model is developed for predicting the microwave blackbody emission from the ocean surface over a wide range of frequencies, incidence angles, and wind vector (speed and direction) for both horizontal and vertical polarizations. This ocean surface emissivity model is intended to be incorporated into an oceanic radiative transfer model to be used for microwave radiometric applications including geophysical retrievals over oceans. The model development is based on a collection of published ocean emissivity measurements obtained from satellites, aircraft, field experiments, and laboratory measurements. This dissertation presents the details of methods used in the ocean surface emissivity model development …


The Gas Team And Nasa (Aka Boil, Boil, Toil And Trouble), Get Away Special Team 2010 2010 Utah State University

The Gas Team And Nasa (Aka Boil, Boil, Toil And Trouble), Get Away Special Team 2010

Education and Outreach

No abstract provided.


Funboe (Follow-Up Nucleate Boiling On-Flight Experiment), Getaway Special Team 2010 2010 Utah State University

Funboe (Follow-Up Nucleate Boiling On-Flight Experiment), Getaway Special Team 2010

Education and Outreach

No abstract provided.


Integrating Seasonal Climate Forecasts Into Institutional Decision-Making Processes, David Watkins 2010 Utah State University

Integrating Seasonal Climate Forecasts Into Institutional Decision-Making Processes, David Watkins

All ECSTATIC Materials

It is often challenging to integrate climate forecast use into actual decision-making processes, even when modeling demonstrates significant benefits from its use. Decision-making processes are guided by both formal policy frameworks, and the particular institutional structures under which decision-makers must operate. In addition, water is shared across multiple stakeholders, who are often represented by specific government or private sector agencies. These agencies face different costs depending upon the outcome of a forecast, and different preferences for risk. Depending upon the institutional and political arrangements for how decisions are made, these stakeholder interests may figure more or less strongly in water …


Engineering Professional Development Design For Secondary School Teachers: A Multiple Case Study, Jenny L. Daugherty 2010 Purdue University

Engineering Professional Development Design For Secondary School Teachers: A Multiple Case Study, Jenny L. Daugherty

Publications

The effectiveness of teachers has been regarded as crucial to the success of standards-based reform (Fishman, Marx, Best, & Tal, 2003). Research, particularly within science and mathematics, has underscored the need for professional development to help teachers understand (a) subject matter, (b) learners and learning, and (c) teaching methods (Loucks-Horsley, 1999). In addition to focusing on teacher professional development, national reform efforts have also emphasized science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education (i.e., Rising Above the Gathering Storm, NRC, 2006). While substantial work has been conducted in mathematics and science, the efforts in technology and engineering education are much less …


Optimization, An Important Stage Of Engineering Design, Todd R. Kelley 2010 Purdue University

Optimization, An Important Stage Of Engineering Design, Todd R. Kelley

Publications

The presents information on optimization, an important stage of engineering design. Criteria and design constraints are used in the optimization stage of the engineering design process to allow the designer to locate the optimal solution. Before initiating a prototype work, both analysis and optimization are done in designing a product. Optimization is done to create the best design relative to a set of prioritized criteria or constraints, including maximizing factors such as productivity, strength, reliability, longevity, efficiency and utilization.


Stem Education And Leadership: A Mathematics And Science Partnership Approach, Chris Merrill, Jenny Daugherty 2010 Illinois State University

Stem Education And Leadership: A Mathematics And Science Partnership Approach, Chris Merrill, Jenny Daugherty

Publications

The issue of attracting more young people to choose careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) has become critical for the United States. Recent studies by businesses, associations, and education have all agreed that the United States’ performance in the STEM disciplines have placed our nation in grave risk of relinquishing its competitive edge in the marketplace (e.g., Rising above the gathering storm, 2007). A Congressional Research Service (2006) report stated that, a “large majority of secondary students fail to reach proficiency in math and science, and many are taught by teachers lacking adequate subject matter knowledge” (Congressional Research …


Engineering Student Outcomes For Infusion Into Technological Literacy Programs: Grades 9-12, Craig Rhodes, Vincent Childress 2010 North Carolina A&T State University

Engineering Student Outcomes For Infusion Into Technological Literacy Programs: Grades 9-12, Craig Rhodes, Vincent Childress

Publications

In 2004, the National Center for Engineering and Technology Education (NCETE) secured funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to infuse engineering design into the schools through technology education. In order to reach this goal the researchers, in cooperation with NCETE, conducted a two phase study to identify outcomes for high-school students studying engineering. The first study (referred to as a Phase I) focused on students who intended to enter an engineering program after high school, answering the question:

What are the engineering student outcomes that prospective engineering students in grades 9 through 12 should know and be able to …


Quantification Of Product Color Preference In A Utility Function, Hannah L. Turner 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Quantification Of Product Color Preference In A Utility Function, Hannah L. Turner

Masters Theses

"Currently, many marketing and engineering tools exist to help a designer optimize quantitative attributes of a product, such as height, weight, volume, or cost. However, these methods cannot effectively take into consideration aesthetic attributes of a product, or any other attributes for which there is no understood functional relationship between the attribute's potential values and the consumer's preference. This research has begun the work of developing this necessary functional relationship for the aesthetic attribute of color and has created a methodology for further research. To do this, colors were represented by their red, green, and blue light components, and preference …


Quantification Of Uncertainty In Aerodynamic Heating Of A Reentry Vehicle Due To Uncertain Wall And Freestream Conditions, Benjamin R. Bettis 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Quantification Of Uncertainty In Aerodynamic Heating Of A Reentry Vehicle Due To Uncertain Wall And Freestream Conditions, Benjamin R. Bettis

Masters Theses

"The primary focus of this study is to demonstrate an efficient approach for uncertainty quantification of surface heat flux to the spherical non-ablating heatshield of a generic reentry vehicle due to epistemic and aleatory uncertainties that may exist in various parameters used in the numerical solution of hypersonic, viscous, laminar blunt-body flows with thermo-chemical non-equilibrium. Two main uncertainty sources were treated in the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations: (1) aleatory uncertainty in the freestream velocity and (2) epistemic uncertainty in the recombination efficiency for a partially catalytic wall boundary condition. The Second-Order Probability utilizing a stochastic response surface obtained with …


Challenges And Opportunities For Simulation Modelling Integrating Mine Haulage And Truck Shop Operations, Melinda Hodkiewicz, Steven Richardson, Richard Durham 2010 Edith Cowan University

Challenges And Opportunities For Simulation Modelling Integrating Mine Haulage And Truck Shop Operations, Melinda Hodkiewicz, Steven Richardson, Richard Durham

Research outputs pre 2011

Historically considerable work has been done to develop models that simulate truck haulage for both underground and open-pit operations. However, this work frequently simplifies or overlooks aspects such as the reliability of the trucks, priority setting and maintenance strategies in the truck shop, and resourcing of the repair facilities. This paper provides an overview of work in this area that is specific to the mining industry and also relevant work from other sectors that might inform how improvements can be made. The paper proposes some specific projects that will assist in identifying technical issues. Initially, it is important to understand …


Groove Shape-Dependent Absorption Enhancement Of 850 Nm Msm Photodetectors With Nano-Gratings, Narottam Das, Ayman Karar, Mikhail Vasiliev, Chee Leong Tan, Kamal Alameh, Yong Tak Lee 2010 Edith Cowan University

Groove Shape-Dependent Absorption Enhancement Of 850 Nm Msm Photodetectors With Nano-Gratings, Narottam Das, Ayman Karar, Mikhail Vasiliev, Chee Leong Tan, Kamal Alameh, Yong Tak Lee

Research outputs pre 2011

Finite difference time-domain (FDTD) analysis is used to investigate the light absorption enhancement factor dependence on the groove shape of the nano-gratings etched into the surfaces of metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector (MSM-PD) structures. By patterning the MSM-PDs with optimized nano-gratings a significant improvement in light absorption near the design wavelength is achieved through plasmon-assisted electric field concentration effects. Simulation results show about 50 times light absorption enhancement for 850 nm light due to improved optical signal propagation through the nano-gratings.


High-Performance Thin-Film Garnet Materials For Magneto-Optic And Nanophotonic Applications, Mikhail Vasiliev, Mohammad Nur E Alam, Viacheslav Kotov, Kamal Alameh 2010 Edith Cowan University

High-Performance Thin-Film Garnet Materials For Magneto-Optic And Nanophotonic Applications, Mikhail Vasiliev, Mohammad Nur E Alam, Viacheslav Kotov, Kamal Alameh

Research outputs pre 2011

Since the 1960's, Magneto-optic (MO) garnet materials have been studied extensively. These materials can possess world-record MO performance characteristics in terms of Faraday rotation and optical quality. Among the rear-earth-doped garnets, the Bi-substituted iron garnet is the best candidate for use as a functional material in different integrated-optics, imaging/image processing applications and also in forward-looking applications e.g. the design of metamaterials with non-reciprocal properties. We have established a set of technologies for fabricating ferrimagnetic garnet films of type (BiDy)3(FeGa)5O12 and also garnet-oxide nanocomposite (BiDy)3(FeGa)5O12 : Bi2O3 layers possessing record-high MO quality across the visible spectral range using RF-magnetron sputtering and …


Design Of High-Sensitivity Plasmonics-Assisted Gaas Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Photodetectors, Ayman Karar, Narottam Das, Chee Leong Tan, Kamal Alameh, Yong Lee 2010 Edith Cowan University

Design Of High-Sensitivity Plasmonics-Assisted Gaas Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Photodetectors, Ayman Karar, Narottam Das, Chee Leong Tan, Kamal Alameh, Yong Lee

Research outputs pre 2011

In this paper, we use the finite difference timedomain (FDTD) method to optimize the light absorption of an ultrafast plasmonic GaAs metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector (MSM-PD) employing metal nano-gratings. The MSM-PD is optimized geometrically, leading to improved light absorption near the designed wavelength of GaAs through plasmon-assisted electric and magnetic field concentration through a subwavelength aperture. Simulation results show up to 10-times light absorption enhancement at 867 nm due to surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) propagation through the metal nano-grating, in comparison to conventional MSM-PD.


Distributed Sensing, Communications, And Power In Optical Fibre Smart Sensor Networks For Structural Health Monitoring, Graham Wild, Gary Allwood, Steven Hinckley 2010 Edith Cowan University

Distributed Sensing, Communications, And Power In Optical Fibre Smart Sensor Networks For Structural Health Monitoring, Graham Wild, Gary Allwood, Steven Hinckley

Research outputs pre 2011

With distributed optical fibre sensors, a single source, a single detector, and a single fibre can be used for up to 1000 fibre Bragg grating sensors. However, this multiplexing architecture is not robust. Damage to any of these individual components can render the entire sensing system useless. To achieve a robust structural health monitoring system, this type of multiplexing cannot be utilised. To overcome the lack of robustness associated with multiplexing optical fibre sensors together, intelligence along with sensors needs to be distributed around a structure. Distributed Optical Fibre Smarts Sensing (DOFSS) represents a sensing architecture for the structural health …


Comparison Between Neural Network Based Pi And Pid Controllers, Mohammed Hassan, Ganesh Kothapalli 2010 Edith Cowan University

Comparison Between Neural Network Based Pi And Pid Controllers, Mohammed Hassan, Ganesh Kothapalli

Research outputs pre 2011

The Pneumatic actuation systems are widely used in industrial automation, such as drilling, sawing, squeezing, gripping, and spraying. Also, they are used in motion control of materials and parts handling, packing machines, machine tools, and in robotics; e.g. two-legged robot. In this paper, a Neural Network based PI controller and Neural Network based PID controller are designed and simulated to increase the position accuracy in a pneumatic servo actuator. In these designs, a well-trained Neural Network provides these controllers with suitable gains depending on feedback representing changes in position error and changes in external load force. These gains should keep …


A New Perspective On First Read Rate Of 2d Barcodes In Mobile Applications, Keng Tiong (Alf) Tan, Douglas Chai 2010 Edith Cowan University

A New Perspective On First Read Rate Of 2d Barcodes In Mobile Applications, Keng Tiong (Alf) Tan, Douglas Chai

Research outputs pre 2011

The first read rate (FRR) has been one of the traditional benchmark metric for measuring the performance of barcode systems. In recent studies, it has been noted that the FRR alone is not a complete measure of user experience, especially of barcodes in mobile applications. In this paper, we present a further three factors that would influence the user experience of mobile 2D barcodes. Our investigation is based on a quantitative survey of a controlled study participated by 250 lay users of mobile phones, through reading QRCode and Data Matrix barcodes with a variety of camera mobile phones. Observations from …


The Use Of Alignment Cells In Mmcc Barcode, Siong Khai Ong, Douglas Chai, Alexander Rassau 2010 Edith Cowan University

The Use Of Alignment Cells In Mmcc Barcode, Siong Khai Ong, Douglas Chai, Alexander Rassau

Research outputs pre 2011

The QR code, a monochrome 2D barcode, is a popular and commonly used barcode system worldwide. QR codes can easily be read using a mobile phone with the appropriate decoder. As there is an increasing need for higher data capacity barcodes, some newer 2D barcodes, such as the MMCC code, have adopted the use of colour. However, the use of colour introduces more challenges for mobile phone decoders than with monochrome codes. In this paper, the use of alignment cells within the MMCC code is proposed to improve the robustness of the colour barcode when used in a mobile environment. …


High Utility Video Surveillance System On Public Transport Using Wimax Technology, Iftekhar Ahmad, Daryoush Habibi 2010 Edith Cowan University

High Utility Video Surveillance System On Public Transport Using Wimax Technology, Iftekhar Ahmad, Daryoush Habibi

Research outputs pre 2011

Video surveillance on public transport is a useful tool to fight against anti-social behaviour like vandalism, harassment, graffiti and terrorism. Real-time video surveillance on moving public transport faces serious technological challenges mainly due to limited throughput offered by existing communication technologies at high vehicular speeds. Success of real-time video surveillance on public transport heavily depends on future communication technologies like WiMAX. WiMAX has emerged as an exciting technology with promises to offer high throughput and improved quality of services (QoS), key requirements for video surveillance on public transport. WiMAX however, offers limited throughput at high vehicular speeds mainly because of …


Digital Commons powered by bepress