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R&D Subsidies In Permissive And Restrictive Environment: Evidence From Korea, Yumi KOH, Gea M. LEE 2023 Singapore Management University

R&D Subsidies In Permissive And Restrictive Environment: Evidence From Korea, Yumi Koh, Gea M. Lee

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper investigates the extent to which a regulatory environment for R&D subsidies shapes the magnitude and direction of R&D subsidies set by a government and consequent innovation paths. When the WTO adopted a permissive regulatory environment, we find that the Korean government increased R&D subsidies significantly (89.21%) and selectively so for firms and industries with higher returns. Recipient firms conducted less basic research and more development research. Improvements in innovations were mostly incremental and minor. However, such changes did not persist once the WTO switched to a restrictive regulatory environment. Our findings show that the regulatory environment imposed by …


The Psychology Behind The Marketing Of Alcohol And Tobacco: How We Convince People To Do Things That Are Bad For Them, Sophie Dvorkin 2023 Claremont Colleges

The Psychology Behind The Marketing Of Alcohol And Tobacco: How We Convince People To Do Things That Are Bad For Them, Sophie Dvorkin

CMC Senior Theses

The marketing tactics of the alcohol and tobacco industry are inextricably linked through the psychological basis upon which these companies target their customers. Through the principles of reciprocity, social proof, scarcity, commitment and consistency, unity, and authority featured in Robert Cialdini’s book Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion (2021). The principle of reciprocity explains how companies get customers to buy in, social proof explains our dependence on our peers’ validation, and scarcity explains why we want what we can’t have. The principles of commitment and consistency explain how companies garner long-term customers that see themselves as an extension of a brand, …


Executive Option Mix And Firm Litigation Risk, Andrew Cohen 2023 Claremont Colleges

Executive Option Mix And Firm Litigation Risk, Andrew Cohen

CMC Senior Theses

Compensating executives with stock options creates incentives for executives and aligns their goals with shareholders. When examining specific components of equity-based compensation, stock options have a larger incentive effect on executives compared to stock awards as options are priced as a function of stock volatility. Since the option incentive effect is more profound than the stock incentive effect, executives may take on more risk. The relationship between firm risk and litigation can be demonstrated by the pricing of directors’ and officers’ liability insurance, which protects them from the costs of litigation. The purpose of this study is to examine the …


An Analysis Of Salary Difference For Left-Handed Pitchers, Jarrett Korson 2023 Claremont Colleges

An Analysis Of Salary Difference For Left-Handed Pitchers, Jarrett Korson

CMC Senior Theses

This thesis examines whether there is a difference in salary for left-handed pitchers in Major League Baseball. I review prior research regarding the valuation of MLB pitchers, salary discrimination in baseball, and left-handed pitchers to shape my methodology. Using Sean Lahman’s Baseball Database, I utilize various regression models to analyze effects on salary. Variables are transformed into cumulative, per 9- inning values and left-handed interaction variables are created to observe any difference in salary experienced only by left-handers. The models show that for variables with a statistically significant effect on salary, left-handers experience a statistically significant effect on salary above …


Modeling The Performance-Based Compensation Of Mlb Catchers, William DeForest 2023 Claremont Colleges

Modeling The Performance-Based Compensation Of Mlb Catchers, William Deforest

CMC Senior Theses

How professional baseball players are compensated for their on-field performance and contribution to winning baseball games has been studied many times by baseball analysts, yet no real attempt has been made to focus solely on the catcher position. As one of the most demanding and specialized positions in the game, a talented catcher is vital to a team’s success. This paper attempts to utilize Defensive Runs Saved (DRS) and Offensive Runs Above Average (OFF), leading statistics that use Statcast data to measure defensive and offensive productivity, to determine which area of catcher defense is the greatest differentiator between elite defensive …


My Physical-Digital Self: Exploring The Detrimental Effects Of The Metaverse On Relationship & Identity Development, Sophia de Castro 2023 Claremont Colleges

My Physical-Digital Self: Exploring The Detrimental Effects Of The Metaverse On Relationship & Identity Development, Sophia De Castro

CMC Senior Theses

The metaverse, which is the next iteration of the internet--an immersive, virtual world--poses a threat to the essential human need for healthy relationship and identity development. Coming out of the COVID-19 pandemic, the effects of isolation and virtual socialization led many to prefer physical experiences, despite society’s overall dependency on and connectedness to the internet and technological devices. Framed by Maslow’s hierarchy of human psychological needs, Turkle’s analysis of the human relationship to earlier forms of virtual reality, and Foucault’s principles of caring for and knowing the self, this paper argues that the metaverse will be detrimental towards developing participant’s …


Blockchain Games: What On And Off-Chain Factors Affect The Volatility, Returns, And Liquidity Of Gaming Crypto Tokens, Sumer Sareen 2023 Claremont Colleges

Blockchain Games: What On And Off-Chain Factors Affect The Volatility, Returns, And Liquidity Of Gaming Crypto Tokens, Sumer Sareen

CMC Senior Theses

Blockchain games took the internet by storm as they offered a new way for users to play video games, own the assets in those games, and benefit monetarily from their efforts. Through Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) and cryptocurrencies, new, Web3 games ushered in a unique asset class for retail and institutional investors to diversify into and benefit from. This paper uses cross-sectional data from 30 blockchain gaming companies to identify on and off-chain factors that affect the company’s token volatility, returns, and liquidity. A multiple linear regression found the percentage of tokens dedicated to a company’s private sale and rewarding users, …


The Paycheck Protection Program's Effect On Real Estate Prices, Someswar Amujala 2023 Claremont Colleges

The Paycheck Protection Program's Effect On Real Estate Prices, Someswar Amujala

CMC Senior Theses

This paper investigates the relationship between the Paycheck Protec- tion Program (PPP) and real estate price increases. The Paycheck Protection Program was established by the Small Business Association in 2020 to pro- vide forgivable loans to businesses to aid with potential losses from COVID- 19 impacts. I leverage zip code level data across the United States and a fixed effects panel data model to quantitatively measure the PPP’s influence on housing and rental prices. I find a positive and significant relationship between the number of PPP loans disbursed and housing and rental rates. Specifically, a 1% change in the number …


Watching The Watchmen: An Ethical Evaluation Of The Behavior Of Modern Software Applications, Joshua Graves 2023 Northeastern Illinois University

Watching The Watchmen: An Ethical Evaluation Of The Behavior Of Modern Software Applications, Joshua Graves

University Honors Program Senior Projects

Software has become a ubiquitous element of modern life around the world. An unprecedented amount of power is bestowed upon the companies that own and operate that software. The obvious question arises: “Do these companies operate in an ethical manner regarding their software?” We derive an ethical code via synthesizing the ethical codes of both the IEEE and the ACM, disregarding principles that cannot be examined by an outside observer. We utilize this ethical code to examine five leaders in the software industry, namely Facebook, Google, Microsoft, Twitter, and Amazon. For each company, we examine four incidents in which they …


Engaging The Aging Process: Unlock The Fountain Of Youth, Abeni El-Amin Ph.D. 2023 Fort Hays State University

Engaging The Aging Process: Unlock The Fountain Of Youth, Abeni El-Amin Ph.D.

Management Faculty Publications

Employment for aging is a significant aspect shaping the aging processes during formative years. Therefore, work opportunities combined and consequential impacts later in life merit special consideration. Given that population aging has become a global pattern with ensuing changes in labor markets far and wide, there is increased concern about the impacts of retirement around the globe and the macroeconomic advantages frequently connected with delaying retirement. It is fundamental for nations with aging populations to maintain profitability, given an aging workforce. Governments must make it simpler for individuals to maintain a significant presence in the workforce. This contribution focuses on …


Chapter 1 : The Foundations Of Intentional Education Practice, Abeni El-Amin Ph.D. 2023 Fort Hays State University

Chapter 1 : The Foundations Of Intentional Education Practice, Abeni El-Amin Ph.D.

Management Faculty Publications

The problem related to teaching effectiveness includes failure of institutions to identify process improvements, ascertain appropriate stakeholders to accomplish institutional goals, and implement streamlined classroom processes to ensure instructors have the appropriate professional support needed to apply intentional educational practices in graduate programs. Consequently, current performance measures of educational programs illuminate issues in processes within instruction, quantity of trained instructor mentors, professional support networks, and existing programming which may need improvement, yet is not being addressed in educational environments. Performance measurement factors impact long-term institutional effectiveness service quality of HE (educator quality, educational services, activities, technology, continuous improvement, educational leadership, …


Chapter 8 : Evaluating Intentional Education Practice In Graduate Programs, Abeni El-Amin Ph.D. 2023 Fort Hays State University

Chapter 8 : Evaluating Intentional Education Practice In Graduate Programs, Abeni El-Amin Ph.D.

Management Faculty Publications

The purpose of this chapter was to examine whether the six variables of graduate educational quality predict intentional education practice (IEP) (teaching style) in United States graduate university programs. The issue is that graduate student engagement, student satisfaction, and matriculation diminish without IEP. Consequently, current performance measures of graduate higher educational programs illuminate issues in processes within instruction, quantity of trained instructor mentors, professional support networks, and existing programming, which may need improvement. Indeed, past researchers have noted limitations in higher educational and graduate school environments. Performance measurement variables impact long-term institutional effectiveness and remain largely unknown within educational institutions. …


Chapter 10 : Developing World:Class Internationalized Universities: Double Tops Construction In China, Abeni El-Amin Ph.D., Cai Yuzhou 2023 Fort Hays State University

Chapter 10 : Developing World:Class Internationalized Universities: Double Tops Construction In China, Abeni El-Amin Ph.D., Cai Yuzhou

Management Faculty Publications

Effective higher education leadership is a movement in internationalized higher education. Moreover, incorporating principles of internationalized higher education is a contrast from traditional graduate educational practices, because new assessment methodologies are utilized to demonstrate institutional aptitude. Additionally, there has been a critical move in cutting-edge economies on how to attract students, grants, and funders. Globally, access to internationalized higher education has grown exponentially. Innovation is changing the idea of how people define internationalized higher education. Centralized leadership, information sharing, cooperation, and advancement are more prevalent than prior. Internationalized higher education has superseded traditional educational notions. Achievement lies in the capacity …


Preface: Elevating Intentional Education Practice In Graduate Programs, Abeni El-Amin Ph.D. 2023 Fort Hays State University

Preface: Elevating Intentional Education Practice In Graduate Programs, Abeni El-Amin Ph.D.

Management Faculty Publications

Educational leaders must institutionalize, implement, execute, and review initiatives to ensure graduate programs exceed performance metrics of educator quality, educational services, activities, technology, continuous improvement, and intentional education practice. Likewise, leaders must recognize that stakeholder engagement is invaluable to alleviate challenges in developing, assessing, and improving graduate program performance.


Chapter 13 : Organizational Stakeholder Management Develops Intentional Education Ethos, Abeni El-Amin Ph.D., Quinton L. Marks 2023 Fort Hays State University

Chapter 13 : Organizational Stakeholder Management Develops Intentional Education Ethos, Abeni El-Amin Ph.D., Quinton L. Marks

Management Faculty Publications

Ethical leadership with regards to diversity, equity, inclusion, belonging and stakeholder management impacts institutional and departmental culture. Formalized leadership ethics and compliance initiatives improve institutional structures. The importance of graduate leadership that embraces ethics and compliance programs ensures adherence to policies set forth by institutions and mitigates bias. Stakeholder management is key because adherence allows leadership to develop strategic plans with stakeholders in mind, while decreasing quality issues. As a result, there is value to executing stakeholder management plans within graduate education.


Chapter 12 : Effective Leadership Practices Transform Graduate Education, Abeni El-Amin Ph.D. 2023 Fort Hays State University

Chapter 12 : Effective Leadership Practices Transform Graduate Education, Abeni El-Amin Ph.D.

Management Faculty Publications

Educational leadership requires more than designing a plan of action and persuading others to adopt the vision. Educational leadership is about encouraging others to be a part of the solutions that persist in innovative ways. Utilizing feedback communication with stakeholders (students, parents, teachers, administrators, community, policy makers) improves initiatives and legal compliance implementation, which is a value- added to organizational excellence. Principled leadership fosters transparency in daily interactions. Educational leadership requires that one consistently communicates the vision to those above and below. Educational leadership must be diligent in both stating visions clearly and following up with written documentation. Evaluation allows …


2023-01-00 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. 2023 Morehead State University

2023-01-00 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress newsletter from January of 2023.


The Hr Connection, Georgia Southern University 2023 Georgia Southern University

The Hr Connection, Georgia Southern University

Georgia Southern University Human Resources Newsletters

Annual Performance Evaluations

Fire Safety Tips

Recruiting Self Service

Wellness Corner

Conflict of Interest Disclosure

Faculty & Staff Housing


Mechanisms In Open Innovation: A Review And Synthesis Of The Literature, Ruben H.A.J. Ogink, Martin C. Goossen, A. Georges L. Romme, Henk Akkermans 2023 Old Dominion University

Mechanisms In Open Innovation: A Review And Synthesis Of The Literature, Ruben H.A.J. Ogink, Martin C. Goossen, A. Georges L. Romme, Henk Akkermans

Management Faculty Publications

A large body of literature explores the role of context, structure, actors, and outcomes of open innovation (OI), yet pays little attention to the mechanisms underlying these relationships. In this review paper, we synthesize the OI literature using a context-mechanism-outcome approach to identify and classify the various mechanisms observed in empirical OI studies. Our findings demonstrate that the OI literature draws on a wide variety of mechanisms originating from the fields of management, sociology, economics, and psychology. The fifteen mechanisms most frequently observed in the literature fall into four categories: governance and policies; environmental dynamics and interactions; knowledge, skills, and …


Presidential Economic Approval Rating And The Cross-Section Of Stock Returns, Zilin CHEN, Zhi DA, Dashan HUANG, Liyao WANG 2023 Singapore Management University

Presidential Economic Approval Rating And The Cross-Section Of Stock Returns, Zilin Chen, Zhi Da, Dashan Huang, Liyao Wang

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

We construct a monthly presidential economic approval rating (PEAR) index from 1981 to 2019, by averaging ratings on the president’s handling of the economy across various national polls. In the cross-section, stocks with high betas to changes in the PEAR index significantly under-perform those with low betas by 1.00% per month in the future, on a risk-adjusted basis. The low PEAR beta premium persists up to one year, and is present in various sub-samples and even in other G7 countries. PEAR beta dynamically reveals a firm’s perceived alignment to the incumbent president’s economic policies and investors seem to misprice such …


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