Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Architecture Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

32,176 Full-Text Articles 19,899 Authors 10,480,364 Downloads 277 Institutions

All Articles in Architecture

Faceted Search

32,176 full-text articles. Page 1092 of 1096.

Medieval Synagogues In The Mediterranean Region, Samuel D. Gruber 2010 Syracuse University

Medieval Synagogues In The Mediterranean Region, Samuel D. Gruber

Religion - All Scholarship

Throughout the Middle Ages, the synagogue developed as the central identifying institution and physical building for Jews, replacing the still yearned for but increasingly distant Jerusalem Temple as the focus of Jewish identity. Equally important, the synagogue became the symbol par excellance of the Jews and their community for the Christian (or Muslim) majority populations in the countries where Jews were settled. For Christians, the synagogue was a Jewish church, but much more so, it came to symbolize in opposition all that the church represented.

Though relatively little known today, medieval synagogues were not symbolic abstractions to the men and …


Polish Influence On American Synagogue Architecture, Samuel D. Gruber 2010 Syracuse University

Polish Influence On American Synagogue Architecture, Samuel D. Gruber

Religion - All Scholarship

Hundreds of thousands of Jews from Poland came to America after 1880. Many built synagogues with details recalling synagogues in their homeland. Immigrant artisans brought motifs and methods of Poland. Many of these synagogues were small, so the relationship to Polish art was on the inside in the painted and carved decoration. Established architects also had access to Polish synagogues as sources. With publication of the Jewish Encyclopedia (1901-06) images of Polish synagogues, such as the Warsaw’s Tlomackie Street Synagogue, became part of many Jewish libraries. More Polish influence came in the 1950s. Most architects were building modern synagogues, …


When Economic Growth Is No Longer The Norm: Teaching Urban Design In A Time Of Transformation, Sujata Shetty, Andreas Luescher 2010 University of Toledo

When Economic Growth Is No Longer The Norm: Teaching Urban Design In A Time Of Transformation, Sujata Shetty, Andreas Luescher

Architecture and Environmental Design Faculty Publications

Over the past few years, there has been increasing interest in cities that are rapidly losing population, so-called shrinking cities. This is becoming a global phenomenon, with shrinking cities found on every continent. The decline has been attributed variously to changing demographics, suburbanization, postsocialist transformation and deindustrialization. We are just beginning to develop approaches to dealing with shrinkage and its consequences – vacancy, abandonment, and limited public and private resources. However, there is currently little faith in the ability of design-related disciplines to deal with shrinking cities. Some authors argue that disciplines such as architecture, urban design and urban planning …


Following Industry's Leed : Municipal Adoption Of Private Green Building Standards, Sarah B. Schindler 2010 University of Maine School of Law

Following Industry's Leed : Municipal Adoption Of Private Green Building Standards, Sarah B. Schindler

Faculty Publications

Local governments are beginning to require new, privately constructed and funded buildings to be “green” buildings. Instead of creating their own, locally-derived definitions of green buildings, many municipalities are adopting an existing private standard created by members of the building industry: LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design). This Article explains and assesses the privately promulgated LEED standards. It argues that the translation of LEED standards, which were intended to be voluntary, into law raises several theoretical and practical problems. Specifically, private green building ordinances that rely on LEED do not ensure a reduction in the negative local environmental impacts …


Reviewed Work(S): Elizabethan Architecture: Its Rise And Fall, 1540–1640 By Mark Girouard, John E. Moore 2010 Smith College

Reviewed Work(S): Elizabethan Architecture: Its Rise And Fall, 1540–1640 By Mark Girouard, John E. Moore

Art: Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Assessment Formats: Student Preferences And Perceptions, Mairéad Seymour, Shannon Chance 2010 Technological University Dublin

Assessment Formats: Student Preferences And Perceptions, Mairéad Seymour, Shannon Chance

Articles

This paper provides a student perspective on the variety of forms of design critique available to educators. In architecture and landscape architecture, the design jury remains the dominant format for providing feedback to students. In recent years this format has come under scrutiny and its effectiveness called into question. However, little research has been done into the variety of alternative or supplemental formats available to educators. This paper explores an array of techniques that the authors have employed in design studio courses (which include techniques suggested by students in Webster’s 2007 article in the Journal of Architectural Education). These include …


Urban Stitch: Reinventing Housing In The Globalized Urban Realm For Chinese Migrant Workers, Jennifer Hoi Ling Ha 2010 Syracuse University

Urban Stitch: Reinventing Housing In The Globalized Urban Realm For Chinese Migrant Workers, Jennifer Hoi Ling Ha

Architecture Senior Theses

"This thesis contends that architecture can reclaim individual and community expression within the globalized urban realm through the integration of unique programs in a live/work community environment."


Cinematheque Hitchcock: The Theatrics Of Congestion, Cassandra E. Biehl 2010 Syracuse University

Cinematheque Hitchcock: The Theatrics Of Congestion, Cassandra E. Biehl

Architecture Senior Theses

"Cinematheque Hitchcock will despense with predisposed architectural and societal tendencies toward the segregation of the public and private realms inherent in Rear Window Ethics.

Through a cinematographic montage of action/reaction and juxtaposition of the:

public/private

Villagers/NYU and

land/sky dwellers,

Architecture will create and continually generate permutations of visual and sensorial urban stories in Washington Square Village, producing the Theatrics of Congestion."


The Nutalism, Brendan Gabriel Rose 2010 Syracuse University

The Nutalism, Brendan Gabriel Rose

Architecture Senior Theses

"It is the continued contention of this thesis that through material investigations that attempt to dissolve the perceived boundary between the acts of art, design, and construction, an architecture student can offer a significantly robust demonstration of their competency as an architect in training. Furthermore, such an investigation, carried out through full-scale design implementations on urban sites, offers much greater potential for demonstrating competency in the skills of collaboration, tectonics, site engagement, and economics than a traditional thesis consisting of testing through drawings, models, and words."


Ecological Engineering In A New Town Development: Drainagedesign In The Woodlands, Texas, Bo Yang, M H. Li 2010 Utah State University

Ecological Engineering In A New Town Development: Drainagedesign In The Woodlands, Texas, Bo Yang, M H. Li

Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning Faculty Publications

This paper presents a comparative study of two different drainage designs in a 10,930-ha new town development of The Woodlands, Texas. Open surface drainage by shallow grassed swales was used in the first two subdivisions that were developed with ecological approaches. Open surface drainage mimics the natural flow regime and is regarded to mitigate development impacts on watershed. In other later subdivisions, the drainage design shifted back to a conventional stormwater drainage system, that is, curb and gutter, drop inlet, and underground piping, known to concentrate stormwater and lead to downstream flooding. The objective of this study is to compare …


Concrete Slender Wall Design – Back To The Future, John W. Lawson, James Lai 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Concrete Slender Wall Design – Back To The Future, John W. Lawson, James Lai

Architectural Engineering

Slender concrete walls incorporated into tilt-up construction
over the past 60 years have performed remarkably well under
out-of-plane wind and seismic loads. While issues associated
with seismic wall anchorage gave this form of construction a
black-eye in the early days, the concrete walls themselves
have always performed very well even as far back as their
first use in the early 1900s. Yet the height-to-thickness
limitations in 1985 and earlier model building codes were
proved irrational and were removed. We as engineers expect
building codes to evolve and advance the state of the art with
each successive edition. The latest edition …


Crafting Form: A Tradition Reinvented, Abigail R. Pratt 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Crafting Form: A Tradition Reinvented, Abigail R. Pratt

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Knitting always begins with a line. As the needles and hands work together, performing the same action over and over again, the line quickly becomes a collection of lines, crossing, looping and locking. The looping and locking generates a surface, and the surface becomes a form. Knitting generates form.

Knitting is commonly categorized as a craft, associated with quick hands, idle time, and everyday objects that clothe us, and as a result, the technique is often overlooked and rarely pursued beyond its’ culturally constructed boundaries. What if knitting constructed new forms that transcended the ordinary and the expected, and challenged …


Strengthening Urban Green: Using Green Infrastructure For Biodiversity Improvement In Boston's Highly Fragmented Urban Environments, Christopher L. Mantle 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Strengthening Urban Green: Using Green Infrastructure For Biodiversity Improvement In Boston's Highly Fragmented Urban Environments, Christopher L. Mantle

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Increasing recognition of the worlds' expanding population and current global rural-to-urban migration necessitates a better understanding and integration of urban ecological process into the framework for urban design (Sandström, 2006). Incorporating ecological processes such as resilience and dispersal into urban design requires special attention be paid to green infrastructure for the preservation and restoration of biodiversity. In addition, biodiversity improvement promotes related ecosystem services (Opdam et al., 2006) and advocates biodiversity conservation and strengthening as a key part of the development of sustainable urban landscapes.

This research developed a replicable and broadly applicable method for determining the ability of green …


A Sustainable Design For The American Commercial Strip Mall, L. Carl Fiocchi, Jr. 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

A Sustainable Design For The American Commercial Strip Mall, L. Carl Fiocchi, Jr.

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The purpose of this project is to present an alternative in form, materials, and energy performance to the existing building type that has been the staple used in construction of American Commercial Strip Malls since the latter part of the nineteenth century. The project progresses through two phases. The initial phase is the designing of an energy efficient structure that is the basic unit in a system of modularity. This structure permits joining itself together with similar units to form an assortment of assemblies with different possible geometries that are in turn able to respond to various site geometries and …


Rethinking Reiche, Tracie J. Reed 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Rethinking Reiche, Tracie J. Reed

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Part I of the study examines the differences between two environmental assessment methods for the K‐12 education sector: the United States Green Building Council’s (USGBC) LEED Schools Version 3.0 and the British Research Establishment’s (BRE) BREEAM Education issue 2.0. Credit requirements are compared side‐by‐side and against recommendations from researchers in areas such as acoustics, lighting and indoor environment quality. Strengths in the two schemes and areas for improvement are highlighted, with acknowledgement that each scheme offers components and techniques from which the other could benefit. Part II of the study introduces the Howard C. Reiche Community School in Portland, Maine. …


Regenerative Agriculture Infrastructure Design: The Built Environment Of Food, Culture, & Soil, Jesse JW Selman 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Regenerative Agriculture Infrastructure Design: The Built Environment Of Food, Culture, & Soil, Jesse Jw Selman

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The goal of this work is to explore the built context of our food system as a manifestation of a set of social and environmental conditions that are antithetical to the long-term health and survival of human life on this planet. The specific focus of this work is the small-scale, integrated farm. The farm is but one piece of the puzzle of how we eat and resides within the larger context of storage, distribution, economy, culture etc. Using precedents, both past and present, and through design explorations this work seeks to develop a positive course forward that will enable humanity …


Evaluating Strategies To Create Successful Business Incubators In Massachusetts Gateway Cities, Sonya C. Smith 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Evaluating Strategies To Create Successful Business Incubators In Massachusetts Gateway Cities, Sonya C. Smith

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This thesis evaluates economic development, planning, public policy, and business strategies to create successful business incubators in Massachusetts’ post-industrial cities. These post-industrial cities in Massachusetts are dubbed “Gateway Cities” because they were once the economic engines of the region as well as areas of entry for many foreign-born residences to live and work. These cities have been recently plagued by high unemployment, poverty, and low business investment as many businesses, especially manufacturing, have located elsewhere. Legislation and policies involving redistribution of wealth to these Gateway Cities has recently been enacted to strengthen these communities. Although there currently isn’t a cohesive …


Reworking: Transforming A Textile Mill, Jennifer M. Hayes 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Reworking: Transforming A Textile Mill, Jennifer M. Hayes

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This project examines the adaptive reuse of a disused nineteenth century textile mill building in Gilbertville, Massachusetts. While the original form and structure of the building type was conducive to maximum production of goods, contemporary uses require different forms. Although other mills in New England have been reused for housing, museums, or professional offices, my goal was to propose a program that related to the building’s original function as a place where people worked. Because the unemployment rate is rising in Massachusetts in 2010, I propose that the mill be reused as a training center where people learn green building …


Socio-Spatial Constructs Of The Local Retail Food Environment: A Case Study Of Holyoke, Massachusetts, Walter F. Ramsey 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Socio-Spatial Constructs Of The Local Retail Food Environment: A Case Study Of Holyoke, Massachusetts, Walter F. Ramsey

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This mixed-methods study addresses the relationship between the availability of food and realized food access by studying the retail food landscape of Holyoke, Massachusetts – a small, socio-economically diverse city. While a large body of empirical research finds that low-income communities and communities of color are especially likely to lack adequate access to healthy foods and experience increased vulnerability to food insecurity, few studies explore urban food environments through a mixed-methods case study approach. Through the use of food store mapping, store audits, and resident interviews, this research is a nascent attempt to articulate how the unique development histories and …


Human Capital In The City: Exploring The Relationship Between Skill And Productivity In Us Metropolitan Areas, Ryan Wallace 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Human Capital In The City: Exploring The Relationship Between Skill And Productivity In Us Metropolitan Areas, Ryan Wallace

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

In economics, new growth theory suggests that knowledge creation and innovation are key drivers of growth. As a result, the ‘new economy’ is increasingly reliant upon the knowledge, skills, and abilities embodied in its workforce, also known as human capital, that facilitate the stimulation and generation of new ideas (Romer 1986, 1990 and Lucas 1988). This research contributes to the understanding of the relationship between stocks of human capital and economic output. I construct metrics to measure concentrations of basic worker skills using the Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Information Network (O*NET) and employment estimates for 353 US metropolitan areas. …


Digital Commons powered by bepress