Organizational Performance In Services, 2017 Cornell University
Organizational Performance In Services, Rosemary Batt, Virginia Doellgast
The question of performance in service activities and occupations is important for several reasons. First, over two-thirds of employment in advanced economies is in service activities. Second, productivity growth in services is historically low, lagging far behind manufacturing, and as a result, wages in production-level service jobs remain low. In addition, labor costs in service activities are often over 50% of total costs, whereas in manufacturing they have fallen to less than 25% of costs. This raises the question of whether management practices that have improved performance in manufacturing, such as investment in the skills and training of the workforce ...
Metatheory And Friendly Competition In Theory Growth: The Case Of Power Processes In Bargaining, 2017 Cornell University
Metatheory And Friendly Competition In Theory Growth: The Case Of Power Processes In Bargaining, Edward J. Lawler, Rebecca Ford
Edward J Lawler
[Excerpt] This paper analyzes the theoretical development taking place in a program of research on power processes in bargaining (see Bacharach and Lawler 1976, 1980, 1981a, 1981b; Lawler and Bacharach 1976, 1979, 1987; Lawler, Ford, and Blegen 1988; Lawler and Yoon 1990; Lawler 1986, 1992). The theoretical program takes as its starting point a situation where individuals, groups, organizations, or even societies with conflicting interests voluntarily enter into explicit bargaining. Explicit (as opposed to tacit) bargaining assumes the mutual acknowledgment of negotiations, conflicting issues along which compromise is possible, and open lines of communication through which parties can exchange offers ...
Power Dependence And Power Paradoxes In Bargaining, 2017 Cornell University
Power Dependence And Power Paradoxes In Bargaining, Samuel B. Bacharach, Edward J. Lawler
Edward J Lawler
[Excerpt] What this article (and our larger program of work) is designed to demonstrate is that these very simple ideas represent a particularly suitable starting point for understanding the power struggle between parties who regularly engage in negotiation. Specifically, in this article we show that the approach contains certain paradoxes regarding the acquisition and use of power in an ongoing bargaining relationship. The dependence framework treats the ongoing relationship as a power struggle in which each party tries to maneuver itself into a favorable power position.
Bridging Training Gaps In Leadership Capacity: A Critical Approach To Assessment And Evaluation For Program Improvement And Development, Alysia Ballinger
This research paper seeks to explore leadership capacity of Civil Service employees whose job it is to develop young adults with job skills and positive life changes within the framework of a modern-day workforce development program serving industry needs within environmental conservation work. The purpose of this study is to identify gaps in training and program functions so that recommendations could be made towards increasing leadership capacity of Civil Service employees as well as program development. The use of both feminist and institutional cultural theories informs the philosophical framework of this paper. These help to explain the case study’s ...
The Indigenous Experience Of Work In A Health Research Organisation: Are There Wider Inferences?, 2017 Menzies School of Health Research
The Indigenous Experience Of Work In A Health Research Organisation: Are There Wider Inferences?, Sharon K. Chirgwin, Adrienne Farago, Heather D'Antione, Trish Nagle
The International Indigenous Policy Journal
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that positively and negatively impacted on the employment experiences and trajectories of Indigenous Australians who are currently or were formerly employed by a research organisation in both remote and urban settings. The study design was an embedded mixed-methods approach. The first phase quantified staff uptake, continued employment, and attrition. Then interviews were conducted with 42 former and 51 current Indigenous staff members to obtain qualitative data. The results showed that the quality of supervision, the work flexibility to enable employees to respond to family and community priorities, and training and ...
The Effects Of Employment On Recidivism Among Delinquent Juveniles, 2017 East Tennessee State University
The Effects Of Employment On Recidivism Among Delinquent Juveniles, Leigh Kassem
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Current research indicates an association between intense adolescent work (twenty hours or more per week) and delinquent behavior. It has been widely speculated that this relationship is spurious, occurring only as a result of other factors which are common to both offending and intense employment. The current study attempts to fill a gap in the literature by utilizing the Pathways to Desistance dataset to examine the evolution of the relationship between work and self-reported offending in a longitudinal sample of juvenile offenders. Work intensity and consistency, social capital, and expectations for success were analyzed as potential predictors of recidivism or ...
Why Is Workplace Bullying So Widespread And Rising?, 2017 Singapore Management University
Why Is Workplace Bullying So Widespread And Rising?, Singapore Management University
Pressure, disorganisation and regulatory failure are red flags
Rrtc On Advancing Employment For Individuals With Idd: State Of The Science Paper – State Level Strategy And Policy, 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston
Rrtc On Advancing Employment For Individuals With Idd: State Of The Science Paper – State Level Strategy And Policy, Thinkwork! At The Institute For Community Inclusion At Umass Boston
All Institute for Community Inclusion Publications
Since the introduction of supported employment in the Developmental Disabilities Act of 1984 and the Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1986, there has been continued development and refinement of best practices in employment services and supports. Progress includes demonstration of creative outcomes for individuals with significant support needs, including customized jobs and self-employment, community rehabilitation providers that have shifted emphasis to integrated employment, and states that have made a substantial investment in Employment First policy and strategy. Despite these achievements, the promise of integrated employment has not been realized for many individuals with intellectual/developmental disabilities (IDD). The number of individuals ...
Motives Of Corporate Political Donations: Industry Regulation, Subjective Judgement And The Origins Of Pragmatic And Ideological Corporations, 2017 Singapore Management University
Motives Of Corporate Political Donations: Industry Regulation, Subjective Judgement And The Origins Of Pragmatic And Ideological Corporations, Nicholas Harrigan
Research Collection School of Social Sciences
What motivates corporate political action? Are corporations motivated by their own narrow economic self-interest; are they committed to pursuing larger class interests; or are corporations instruments for status groups to pursue their own agendas? Sociologists have been divided over this question for much of the last century. This paper introduces a novel case - that of Australia - and an extensive dataset of over 1,500 corporations and 7,500 directors. The paper attempts to understand the motives of corporate political action by examining patterns of corporate political donations. Using statistical modelling, supported by qualitative evidence, the paper argues that, in the ...
Global Corporate Responsibility In Domestic Context: Lateral Decoupling And Organizational Responses To Globalization, 2017 Singapore Management University
Global Corporate Responsibility In Domestic Context: Lateral Decoupling And Organizational Responses To Globalization, Alwyn Lim
Research Collection School of Social Sciences
This paper examines how the domestic reception of global corporate responsibility is significantly shaped by institutionalized differences among state, business and civil society actors in the domestic context. In the global diffusion of ideas and practices, the decoupling of global policies and domestic practice is endemic, a process that this paper argues results from competing domestic interests and orientations. I examine this process of ‘lateral decoupling’ in a case study of the reception of the United Nations Global Compact among corporate responsibility practitioners in the city-state of Singapore. Differences in ceremonial, pragmatic and non-adversarial orientations towards global corporate responsibility generated ...
Dangerous Deals: A Case Study Of Nafta As A Criminogenic Policy, 2017 Western Michigan University
Dangerous Deals: A Case Study Of Nafta As A Criminogenic Policy, Daniel J. Patten
This study examines the creation of a criminogenic policy, NAFTA, and its subsequent social harms that primarily impacted poor rural farmers and indigenous people in Mexico. Previous research into state-corporate crime has focused on crimes committed by one state and one corporation, while little research has investigated the commission of crimes by more than one state operating in collusion. Previous research on human rights violations has emphasized genocide and physical integrity rights, while this study raises attention to “lesser” human rights violations such as abusive working conditions, lack of political participation in policy formation, and limited access to clean air ...
Soup, Justice And Workplace Democracy: The Columbia Conserve Company, 1917-1943, 2017 Butler University
Soup, Justice And Workplace Democracy: The Columbia Conserve Company, 1917-1943, Kenneth Colburn
Kenneth D. Colburn
No abstract provided.
Character Strengths As A Pathway To Obtaining And Maintaining Employment For Job Seekers With Disabilities: A Model For Building Job Seeker Hope And Self-Efficacy, Elizabeth V. Jennings
Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects
Americans with disabilities experience low rates of employment and are more than twice as likely to live in poverty than their non-disabled peers. Job seekers with disabilities face a myriad of external barriers to employment: 1) lower education/skill attainment, 2) complex public benefit rules, 3) limited access to reliable transportation, 4) lack of work-related supports, and 5) persistent employer-bias. These challenges are compounded by internal barriers: 1) diminished self-efficacy and hope, 2) social role devaluation, and 3) extrinsic work motivations. Several theories within positive psychology offer new pathways to employment for people with disabilities. One such theory is character ...
Introduction To A Special Issue On Inequality In The Workplace (“What Works?), 2017 Cornell University
Introduction To A Special Issue On Inequality In The Workplace (“What Works?), Pamela S. Tolbert, Emilio J. Castilla
Pamela S Tolbert
[Excerpt] While overt expressions of racial and gender bias in U.S. workplaces have declined markedly since the passage of the original Civil Rights Act and the creation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission a half century ago (Eagly and Chaiken 1993; Schuman, Steeh, Bobo, and Krysan 1997; Dobbin 2009), a steady stream of research indicates that powerful, if more covert forms of bias persist in contemporary workplaces (Greenwald and Banaji 1995; Pager, Western, and Bonikowski 2009; England 2010; Heilman 2012). In line with this research, high rates of individual and class-based lawsuits alleging racial and gender discrimination suggest that ...
Reclaiming Your Digital Privacy: An Interactive Workshop, 2017 Western University
Reclaiming Your Digital Privacy: An Interactive Workshop, Erin Johnson, Melissa Seelye
Western Libraries Presentations
When’s the last time you checked your digital footprint? With the increasing prevalence of threats to our digital privacy and the security of personal data, it is more important now than ever before to learn what you can do to protect yourself online. This workshop will delve into who is watching and what they may be able to find. It will also provide an overview of the shortcomings of Canadian privacy legislation and walk you through practical steps to reclaim your digital privacy.
Labor Unions And Occupational Safety: Event-Study Analysis Using Union Elections, 2017 Syracuse University
Labor Unions And Occupational Safety: Event-Study Analysis Using Union Elections, Ling Li, Shawn Rohlin, Perry Singleton
Center for Policy Research
This study examines the dynamic relationship between union elections and occupational safety among manufacturing establishments. Data on union elections come from the National Labor Relations Board, and data on workplace inspections and accident case rates come from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. The results indicate that union elections improved occupational safety. First, workplace inspections trended upwards before the election, then decreased immediately after the election, due almost entirely to employee complaints. Second, accident case rates were relatively stable before the election, then trended downwards after the election, due to accidents involving days away from work, job restrictions, and job ...
What Does Diversity Mean To Chinese Employees?, 2017 Singapore Management University
What Does Diversity Mean To Chinese Employees?, Singapore Management University
In Western technology industry, diversity is seen as a way to promote innovation. What does diversity mean to Chinese companies and how diversified are they?
Creating Inspired Employees, 2017 Singapore Management University
Creating Inspired Employees, Singapore Management University
Providing a purpose beyond profits is key but companies should select candidates with the right ‘fit’
雙十一光棍節, 2017 Lingnan University
雙十一光棍節, Kim Kwok Cheung
Cultural Studies@Lingnan 文化研究@嶺南
由二零零九年以來的十一月十一日 (雙十一)，中國內地都在締造新的銷售紀錄，不同商家 (特別是網上購物平台) 紛紛在這天以打折促銷商品。阿里巴巴旗下的購物網站淘寶及其子品牌天貓為當中市場佔有率最大，從二零零九年開始單日銷售額五千萬，到二零一二年一百九十一億的銷售額已經超越美國的網絡星期一 (Cyber Monday) 成為全球最大的網絡購物節日，直至剛剛二零一六年雙十一購物節，天貓更創上最高的一千二百零七億銷售金額，連同其他商戶合共創造了一千七百七十億四千萬元的銷售。雙十一光棍節由一個純綷網絡惡搞文化，一躍成為全球最大型的消費節日，這與中國甚至全球資本主義的改朝換代 (Regime change in Capitalism) 有密不可分的關係，下文將嘗試以雙十一購物節及阿里巴巴集團為例，解說中國資本主義處於後福特 (Post-Fordism) 或稱彈性累積 (Flexible Accumulation) 的時代裏，嘗試梳理當中經濟、文化及政治間錯綜複雜的關係，是如何呼應著資本主義的核心命題。
State Of The Science Paper – Engaging Families, Brief Summary, 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston
State Of The Science Paper – Engaging Families, Brief Summary, Thinkwork! At The Institute For Community Inclusion At Umass Boston
All Institute for Community Inclusion Publications
This brief summarizes a paper (State of the Science: Engaging Families, 2017) that explores the role of families in individuals’ employment outcomes through a scoping literature review, as well as findings from a qualitative study involving family members and individuals.