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Shadow Standards And The Logic Of Costs: Care, Stewardship, And Data In U.S. Community Health, Margarite J. Whitten 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Shadow Standards And The Logic Of Costs: Care, Stewardship, And Data In U.S. Community Health, Margarite J. Whitten

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation examines the delegation of responsibility for providing health care to particular categories of marginalized populations in the United States in the absence of a uniform and universal health care system. It explores how the U.S. federal government governs patient populations at a distance by mandating that healthcare providers collect, produce, and report on patient data. Drawing from eighteen months of ethnographic research in Massachusetts clinics for the homeless and the frail elderly between 2014-2015, I argue that when marginalized patients are unable to satisfy the neoliberal ideal of self-governance to maintain their health in cost-effective ways, providers ...


Work–Family Conflict In Low-Income Households, Maritza G. Hiciano Ramos 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Work–Family Conflict In Low-Income Households, Maritza G. Hiciano Ramos

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The United States is the only country not offering paid parental leave. Paid leave is left at the discretion of employers and only a few states offer Paid Family Leave benefits. The FMLA was established to protect workers from losing their jobs in case they needed to care for an elderly person or for their children. However, since value is not placed in family structures there has not been much development in that area. The FMLA fails to account for the grand majority of people in the U.S., especially those of lower socioeconomic status. Moreover, the vast inequalities that ...


The Distributional Impacts Of Early Employment Losses From Covid-19, Seung Jin Cho, John V. Winters 2020 Iowa State University

The Distributional Impacts Of Early Employment Losses From Covid-19, Seung Jin Cho, John V. Winters

Economics Working Papers

COVID-19 substantially decreased employment, but the effects vary among demographic and socioeconomic groups. We document the employment losses in April 2020 across various groups using the U.S. Current Population Survey. The unemployment rate understates employment losses. We focus on the percentage of the civilian population that is employed and at work. Young persons experienced the largest employment losses. Individuals with less education and lower family income experienced much larger employment losses than their more educated and higher income counterparts. Hispanics and blacks were more adversely affected than whites.


Embodying Change At Work: An Autoethnography In The Indian Public Sector, Saikat Chakraborty 2020 Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, India

Embodying Change At Work: An Autoethnography In The Indian Public Sector, Saikat Chakraborty

The Qualitative Report

Beyond the macro picture of change in the Indian public sector triggered by economic deregulation and restructuration, the variegated experiences of employees exposed to organizational changes remain hidden and masked. Through a reflexive inquiry about my experience of participating in a managerial implementation of a performance management system in an Indian public sector organization, I write this autoethnography to bring forward a personal narrative of embodying change at work. I do this by revealing how my cultural, social, and political experiences during that episode of change were manifestations of being and constituting organizationally intended as well as non-intended changes. The ...


Neoliberalism And Its Socio-Economic Subjugation Of The Working Class As The Cause Of The Yellow Vest Movement In The Hauts-De-France And Grand Est Regions Of France From 1980 To 2019, Paul Scott Novak 2020 Fordham University

Neoliberalism And Its Socio-Economic Subjugation Of The Working Class As The Cause Of The Yellow Vest Movement In The Hauts-De-France And Grand Est Regions Of France From 1980 To 2019, Paul Scott Novak

Senior Theses

This paper offers an insight into the cause of the Yellow Vest Movement in France. I argue that the Yellow Vest Movement was not simply caused by the Gas Tax passed under the Macron Administration, but by years of subjugation of the working-class under neoliberal ideology stemming from the 1980s and continuing to 2019. The two northern regions of Grand Est and Hauts-de-France known historically for their working-class communities are examined in order to see how neoliberalism has subjugated the working-class over the past forty years. Using the works of Pierre Bourdieu, Édouard Louis, Florence Aubenas, François Ruffin, and my ...


Lean On Me: Leadership Beyond The Patriarchy, Tamara Taylor 2020 Dominican University of California

Lean On Me: Leadership Beyond The Patriarchy, Tamara Taylor

Master of Arts in Humanities | Master's Theses

Leadership styles have taken various forms throughout humanity’s trajectory on earth. Indicative of patriarchal systems, the most prominent styles of leadership that are widely recognized in the public and private sectors routinely favor individuals who portray characteristics of ambition, confidence and assertiveness that at times crosses over into aggression. When one considers which gender fit the stereotype of exhibiting leadership qualities under these assumptions, often hyper-masculine men fit the mold.

In contrast, when women are successful at ascending and working in higher ranking positions, the characteristics that are mapped on to their personas are often associated with collaboration and ...


Ethical Analysis Of Scandals In Congenital Heart Surgery Programs, Ian D. Wolfe 2020 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Ethical Analysis Of Scandals In Congenital Heart Surgery Programs, Ian D. Wolfe

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Let The Men Go Home, Gwyn Yukon 2020 Brigham Young University

Let The Men Go Home, Gwyn Yukon

Marriott Student Review

Americans have a growing concern for work-family balance, and for gender equity issues in the workplace. Today, gender roles are being challenged and men are encouraged to take more active role as fathers. However, many men refuse to take paternity leave or are stigmatized if they take time off. This article synthesizes current literature and findings on the benefits of paternity leave.


Disparate Impacts Of Covid-19 Lockdowns In Pakistan Affecting Girls And Rural Residents, Syed Hasan, Attique Rehman, Wendong Zhang 2020 Lahore University of Management Sciences

Disparate Impacts Of Covid-19 Lockdowns In Pakistan Affecting Girls And Rural Residents, Syed Hasan, Attique Rehman, Wendong Zhang

Economics Working Papers

In this article, we examine the feasibility of working and studying from home in Pakistan. We take advantage of the 2018–19 Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement (PSLM) Survey, released only weeks ago. PSLM is a nationally representative household survey with extensive information on employment outcomes, children’s educational attainment, internet and TV access information, and hand-washing place. Following Dingel and Neiman (2020)’s approach, we define the feasibility of jobs that can be done from home for both urban and rural districts. We also investigate the possibilities for students to study from home via TV or internet. We ...


Organizational Secrecy, Structural Resources, & Stigma: The Catholic Church Sex Abuse Scandal In Pennsylvania, Cynthia Ramirez 2020 Augsburg University

Organizational Secrecy, Structural Resources, & Stigma: The Catholic Church Sex Abuse Scandal In Pennsylvania, Cynthia Ramirez

Zyzzogeton Posters

What methods were used by the Catholic Church in order to keep the sexual abuse of children a secret for decades?


Behind The Screens: Understanding The Social Structures Of The Video Game Industry, Michelle LaLonde 2020 East Tennessee State University

Behind The Screens: Understanding The Social Structures Of The Video Game Industry, Michelle Lalonde

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study focuses on video game developers and their working environments in a growth industry. While some research documents the culture of video games and the people who play them, much less is understood about the labor environment for those who make games. I conducted 20 personal interviews with game developers in order to learn more about what inspired them to select this field, how they gained entry to it, and what their work is like today. Using insights from the interviews, I analyze how workers contend with its male-dominated culture and how creative skilled laborers deal with the challenges ...


The Case For Remote Work, Matthew Clancy 2020 Iowa State University

The Case For Remote Work, Matthew Clancy

Economics Working Papers

The case for remote work goes well beyond its use during the covid-19 global pandemic. Over the last ten years, research from a variety of subdisciplines in economics and other social sciences collectively makes a strong case for the viability of remote work for the long-run. This paper brings this research together to argue remote work (also called telework) is likely to become far more common in the future for four reasons. First, the productivity of individual workers who switch to remote work is comparable or higher than their colocated peers, at least in some industries. Second, matching firms to ...


Mapping State Unemployment, Michael P. Ettlinger, Jordan Hensley 2020 University of New Hampshire - Main Campus

Mapping State Unemployment, Michael P. Ettlinger, Jordan Hensley

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

In this data snapshot, authors Michael Ettlinger and Jordan Hensley report the relative level of initial unemployment claims for the week ending March 28 as a share of the labor force, and the “insured unemployment” as a share of the February labor force for the week ending March 21. Hawaii, Michigan, and Pennsylvania top the list of initial unemployment claims.


Strengthening Social Fabric And Quality Of Life, Singapore Management University 2020 Singapore Management University

Strengthening Social Fabric And Quality Of Life, Singapore Management University

Research Collection Office of Research & Tech Transfer

In this booklet, read about our research in the area of “Strengthening Social Fabric and Quality of Life”.

Contents:

Well-being of People, Groups, Organisations, Societies

  • Serving the Underserved
  • Does Family Background Affect Socioeconomic Mobility?
  • Becoming a Happy Analyst
  • Effective Childcare Subsidies
  • Birds of a Feather Flock Together

Successful Ageing of People, of Populations

  • Economic and Social Aspects of Ageing Successfully
  • Exploring the Effectiveness of Smart Technologies in Eldercare
  • Keeping our Silver Edge Sharp
  • Sleep Quality & Dementia

Social Inclusion, Exclusion, Inequality

  • The Helping Hand of Diversity
  • Protecting Vulnerable Adults
  • Finding the Path to an Inclusive Society
  • Well-being of Singapore Youth

Fairness ...


When Losing Your Job Feels Like Losing Your Self, Aliya Hamid RAO 2020 Singapore Management University

When Losing Your Job Feels Like Losing Your Self, Aliya Hamid Rao

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

I interviewed Todd, a marketing professional, in 2014 for my forthcoming book, Crunch Time: How Married Couples Confront Unemployment, which focuses on the unemployment experiences of highly educated, married professionals with children in the U.S. Like dozens of other professionals I interviewed, Todd’s employment is key to his sense of self, determining how he measures his social status and self-worth. Yet, this self-worth is constantly threatened, because professionals like Todd have become recent casualties of a pervasive labor market uncertainty that existed long before the coronavirus pandemic.


The Labor Force Trajectories Of Immigrant Women: Intersecting Personal Characteristics And Migration Dynamics, Sandra Florian, Chenoa Flippen, Emilio A. Parrado 2020 Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques (INED)

The Labor Force Trajectories Of Immigrant Women: Intersecting Personal Characteristics And Migration Dynamics, Sandra Florian, Chenoa Flippen, Emilio A. Parrado

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

While research on immigrant women’s labor market incorporation has increased in recent years, systematic comparisons of employment trajectories by national origin and over time remain rare, and the literature remains dominated by the male experience. Especially lacking are studies that take both individual factors and larger migration dynamics into account, limiting our understanding of women’s contributions to the economic well-being of immigrant families, and of the process of incorporation more broadly. Using U.S. Census and ACS data from 1990 to 2016, we construct synthetic cohorts by national origin, period, and age at arrival to track their labor ...


Against The Wind: A Study On Aviation As A Female Career Choice, Bonnie Gagliardo 2020 Brandman University

Against The Wind: A Study On Aviation As A Female Career Choice, Bonnie Gagliardo

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this phenomenological study is to identify and describe the educational and social experiences that sparked the interest of female pilots as young women to pursue a career in aviation.

Methodology: This qualitative phenomenological study utilized semi- structured interviews to explore the lived experiences of female pilots, to understand if there were common social and educational factors which influenced them to become interested in aviation. Using convenience sampling, eleven pilots who hold a Federal Aviation Administration Commercial or Airline Transport Pilot’s License were selected to participate in this study.

Findings: The findings from this research show ...


A Different Set Of Rules? Nlrb Proposed Rule Making And Student Worker Unionization Rights, William A. Herbert, Joseph van der Naald 2020 CUNY Hunter College

A Different Set Of Rules? Nlrb Proposed Rule Making And Student Worker Unionization Rights, William A. Herbert, Joseph Van Der Naald

Publications and Research

This article presents data, precedent, and empirical evidence relevant to the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) proposal to issue a new rule to exclude graduate assistants and other student employees from coverage under the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). The analysis in three parts. First, the authors show through an analysis of information from other federal agencies that the adoption of the proposed NLRB rule would exclude over 81,000 graduate assistants on private campuses from the right to unionize and engage in collective bargaining. Second, the article presents a legal history from the past half-century about unionization of student ...


Are The Goals Of Sustainability Interconnected? A Sociological Analysis Of The Three E’S Of Sustainable Development Using Cross-Lagged Models With Reciprocal Effects, Matthew Thomas Clement, Nathan Pino, Patrick Greiner, Julius A. McGee 2020 Texas State University

Are The Goals Of Sustainability Interconnected? A Sociological Analysis Of The Three E’S Of Sustainable Development Using Cross-Lagged Models With Reciprocal Effects, Matthew Thomas Clement, Nathan Pino, Patrick Greiner, Julius A. Mcgee

Sociology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Conceptual discussions of sustainability emphasize the interdependent relationship between relevant social and environmental factors. Yet, traditional quantitative analyses of the topic have tended to estimate the exogenous or direct/indirect effects a predictor variable has on a particular measure of sustainability. We examine the endogenous, interdependent relationship between the three E’s of sustainability (economy, equity, and ecology), incorporating country-level data for 1990 through 2015 into cross-lagged structural equation models with reciprocal and fixed effects. Results from these longitudinal models suggest that over time, at the country level, increasing economic inequality reduces renewable energy consumption, with no evidence of reciprocal ...


The United States Of America’S Interlocked Information Industry: An Examination Into Seven U.S. Media Sectors’ Boards Of Directors, Jennifer L. Harker 2020 West Virginia University

The United States Of America’S Interlocked Information Industry: An Examination Into Seven U.S. Media Sectors’ Boards Of Directors, Jennifer L. Harker

Faculty & Staff Scholarship

This research explores the interfirm interlock networks that currently exist among publicly-traded media conglomerates operating in the United States of America. Directorship information was gathered from annual reports and definitive proxy reports filed with the U.S. SEC for 68 media conglomerates across seven media sectors for year ending 2018. This investigation applies social resource theory to assess the social networks formed by interfirm interlocks and how such network structures address environmental uncertainty. Results indicate that not all alliances are mutually beneficial and those that are more resource-dependent endure negative cooptation effects. This research discusses how these changes in interfirm ...


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