Murky Projects And Uneven Information Policies: A Case Study Of The Psychological Strategy Board And Cia, 2018 San Jose State University
Murky Projects And Uneven Information Policies: A Case Study Of The Psychological Strategy Board And Cia, Susan Maret
Secrecy and Society
This case study discusses the Truman and Eisenhower administration's (1951-1953) short-lived Psychological Strategy Board (PSB). Through the lens of declassified documents, the article recounts the history and activities of the Board, including its relationship with the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and clandestine projects that involve human experimentation. Primary documents of the period suggest that institutional secrecy, coupled with inconsistent information policies, largely shielded CIA's BLUEBIRD, ARTICHOKE, and MKULTRA from the Board. This subject has not been previously reported in the research literature, and supplements existing historical understanding of the PSB's mission under the broad umbrella of psychological ...
Centenarian, 2018 Iowa State University
Centenarian, Peter Martin, Yousun Baek
Human Development and Family Studies Publications
A centenarian is an individual who has survived to the age of 100, approximately 20 years longer than the average life expectancy. The number of centenarians in the United States has increased and will continue to increase. According to census data, 53,364 centenarians were alive in the United States in 2010, an increase of 65.8% over the last 30 years. More supercentenarians (those who have attained the age of 110 years or older) are also found around the world. Jeanne Louise Calment of France is known to have attained the oldest age ever, 122 years and 164 days ...
Lighthouse Principle For Diffusion In Social Networks, 2018 Vassar College
Lighthouse Principle For Diffusion In Social Networks, Sanaz Azimipoor, Pavel Naumov
Faculty Research and Reports
The article investigates an influence relation between two sets of agents in a social network. It proposes a logical system that captures propositional properties of this relation valid in all threshold models of social networks with the same structure. The logical system consists of Armstrong axioms for functional dependence and an additional Lighthouse axiom. The main results are soundness, completeness, and decidability theorems for this logical system.
Engaging Students In The Grading Process, 2018 Oklahoma State University
Engaging Students In The Grading Process, Semra -. Peksoz
International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings
Evaluating student work, using detailed rubrics and feedback are important teaching tools. However, percentage of students who have little patience in reading the feedback and learning from their mistakes is increasing. The method introduced here hopes to increase this percentage by actively engaging students in evaluating their own work based on the provided feedback and the rubric provided by the instructor.
Changing Minds Or Transforming Social Worlds? Re-Envisioning Media Literacy Education As Feminist Arts-Activism, 2018 University of Kentucky
Changing Minds Or Transforming Social Worlds? Re-Envisioning Media Literacy Education As Feminist Arts-Activism, Margaret Louise Mcgladrey
Theses and Dissertations--Sociology
This dissertation project seeks to address the sociological processes, dynamics, and mechanisms inflecting how and why U.S. society reproduces a sexually dimorphic, binary gender structure. The project builds upon the work of sociologists of gender on the doing gender framework, intersectional feminist approaches to identity formation, and hegemonic masculinity and relational theories of gender. In a 2012 article in Social Science and Medicine presenting contemporary concepts in gender theory to the health-oriented readers of the journal, R. W. Connell argues that much public policy on gender and health relies on categorical understandings of gender that are now inadequate. Connell ...
Fences: Physical And Socio-Cultural Boundaries, 2018 Bard College
Fences: Physical And Socio-Cultural Boundaries, Vanessa Baehr
Senior Projects Fall 2018
Fences, walls, and lines exist around the world, across many cultures, and are generally universally understood symbols of defense, inclusion, and exclusion. Barriers are created intentionally and their purposes vary. Fences can act as a tension or relief between public and private spaces. Physical barriers can been seen as metaphors for social dynamics and relations; boundaries can be reflections of both our internal and external landscapes. Incorporates fences / walls from a number of perspectives; historical, anthropological, archaeological, and cultural. Inspired by a reflexive moment in moving to a new town, buying a house, having a garden, and wanting a fence ...
Prisons, Policing, And Pollution: Toward An Abolitionist Framework Within Environmental Justice, 2018 Claremont Colleges
Prisons, Policing, And Pollution: Toward An Abolitionist Framework Within Environmental Justice, Ki'amber Thompson
Pomona Senior Theses
Environmental Justice defines the environment as the spaces where we live, work, and play. The Environmental Justice (EJ) Movement has traditionally used this definition to organize against toxics in communities. However, within EJ work, prisons or policing have often not been centralized or discussed. This means that the approximately 2.2 million people in prison are excluded from the conversation and movement. Additionally, communities and activists are identifying police and prisons as toxics in their communities, but an analysis of policing and prisons is largely missing in EJ scholarship. This thesis explores the intersection between prisons, policing, and pollution. It ...
The Sylvan Blindspot: The Archaeological Value Of Surface Vegetation And A Critique Of Its Documentation, 2018 The University Of Montana
The Sylvan Blindspot: The Archaeological Value Of Surface Vegetation And A Critique Of Its Documentation, John S. Harris
Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers
Surface vegetation at archaeological sites is a resource overlooked in cultural resource management. Drawing upon comparative documentary surveys of site forms and human surveys of 161 archaeologists in 12 U.S. states, this thesis explores why surface vegetation offers archaeological data potential; how archaeological documentation is an artifact of archaeologists, shaped by various subjectivities; and how improvements can be made for vegetal description in cultural inventory site forms. The surveys offer a critique on how the site form records are a product of disciplinary training oversights, differing work background experience, cultural bias, limitations in botanical knowledge, regional differences in U ...
Recent Futures: Classical Antiquity As Biopolitical Tool, 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology
Recent Futures: Classical Antiquity As Biopolitical Tool, Despina Lalaki
Publications and Research
No abstract provided.
Conduct Un/Becoming: Discipline In The Context Of Educational Leadership Research., 2017 University of South Florida
Conduct Un/Becoming: Discipline In The Context Of Educational Leadership Research., Vonzell Agosto
Attitudes And Norms Affecting Scientists’ Data Reuse, 2017 Universidade Estadual de Londrina
Attitudes And Norms Affecting Scientists’ Data Reuse, Renata Gonçalves Curty, Kevin Crowston, Alison Specht, Bruce W. Grant, Elizabeth D. Dalton
DataONE Sociocultural and Usability & Assessment Working Groups
The value of sharing scientific research data is widely appreciated, but factors that hinder or prompt the reuse of data remain poorly understood. Using the Theory of Reasoned Action, we test the relationship between the beliefs and attitudes of scientists towards data reuse, and their self-reported data reuse behaviour. To do so, we used existing responses to selected questions from a worldwide survey of scientists developed and administered by the DataONE Usability and Assessment Working Group (thus practicing data reuse ourselves). Results show that the perceived efficacy and efficiency of data reuse are strong predictors of reuse behaviour, and that ...
Automation, Work, And Ideology: The Next Industrial Revolution And The Transformation Of "Labor", 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Automation, Work, And Ideology: The Next Industrial Revolution And The Transformation Of "Labor", Anthony Jack Knowles Ii
Over the last several decades, scholars and commentators from a variety of different fields, expertise, and ideological positions have written on automation technologies and their potential to cause technological unemployment. As a sociological analysis and critical examination of how experts ideologically frame these issues, this thesis demonstrates that ideology plays a crucial role in the revived debate over automation and technological displacement. Weberian ideal types are developed to demonstrate how three major ideological positions—liberal, conservative, and radical—approach and frame the link between automation, technological displacement, and the potential for technological unemployment. The qualitative tools of ideal type construction ...
Assertion And Its Many Norms, 2017 Singapore Management University
Assertion And Its Many Norms, John N. Williams
Research Collection School of Social Sciences
Timothy Williamson offers the ordinary practice, the lottery and the Moorean argument for the ‘knowledge account’ that assertion is the only speech-act that is governed by the single ‘knowledge rule’ or norm, that one must know its content. I show that the emptiness of the knowledge account renders mysterious why breaking the knowledge rule should be a source of criticism. I then argue that focussing exclusively on the sincerity of the speech-act of letting one know engenders a category mistake about the nature of constraints on assertion. For Williamson and those in his tradition, assertion alls under purely epistemic norms ...
The Progressives: Racism And Public Law, 2017 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School
The Progressives: Racism And Public Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
American Progressivism inaugurated the beginning of the end of American scientific racism. Its critics have been vocal, however. Progressives have been charged with promotion of eugenics, and thus with mainstreaming practices such as compulsory housing segregation, sterilization of those deemed unfit, and exclusion of immigrants on racial grounds. But if the Progressives were such racists, why is it that since the 1930s Afro-Americans and other people of color have consistently supported self-proclaimed progressive political candidates, and typically by very wide margins?
When examining the Progressives on race, it is critical to distinguish the views that they inherited from those that ...
Do Injunctive And Descriptive Normative Beliefs Need A Value-Laden Multiplier In Value Expectancy Models? A Case Series Across Multiple Health Behaviors, Paul Branscum, Maria Collado Rivera, Grace Fairchild, Katie Qualls Fay
Health Behavior Research
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the benefit of transforming expectancy-based determinants of injunctive and descriptive norms with a value-laden construct across a case series of health behaviors. This case series draws upon three cases (sugar-sweetened beverages, physical activity, and sleep), each evaluating generalized injunctive (ΣIN) and descriptive norms (ΣDN), with corresponding value-expectancy based determinants: injunctive normative belief strength (inbi) and motivation to comply (mtci), and descriptive normative belief strength (dnbi) and identification with referents (iwri). Each belief-based measure (inbi/dnbi) and product between belief-based measure and value-laden measure (inbi x mtci/dnbi x iwri) was correlated to ...
Social Norms, 2017 University of South Florida
Social Norms, Heinrich Popitz
Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal
No abstract provided.
Walking As Ontological Shifter: Thoughts In The Key Of Life, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Walking As Ontological Shifter: Thoughts In The Key Of Life, Bibi (Silvina) Calderaro
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
With walking as ontological shifter I pursue an alternative to the dominant modernist episteme that offers either/or onto-epistemologies of opposition and their reifying engagements. I propose this type of walking is an intentional turning towards a set of radical positions that, as integrative aesthetic and therapeutic practice, brings multiplicity and synchronicity to experience and being in an expanded sociality. This practice facilitates the conditions of possibility for recurring points of contact between the interiority perceived as ‘body’ and the exteriority perceived as ‘world.’ While making evident the self’s at once incoherence with it-self, it opens to a space ...
Bodies Of Knowledge: An Anatomy And Kinesiology Of The American Prison Nation, 'Human'-Making, And Twenty-First-Century Techno-Gods, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Bodies Of Knowledge: An Anatomy And Kinesiology Of The American Prison Nation, 'Human'-Making, And Twenty-First-Century Techno-Gods, Lyndsey Karr
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
The social production of hegemonic knowledge has historically been legitimized in relation to the sanctioned status of the ‘Human’. Beginning with the American Prison Industrial Complex and what sociologist Beth E. Richie conceptualizes as the “prison nation,” I will show the ‘human’ as a contingent and composite status appearing along a spectrum of Flesh, Body, and ‘Human’ (Flesh-Body-‘Human’) statuses and subjectivity.
Bringing this ‘Human’ continuum into conversation with twenty-first-century media, (micro)computational technologies, and contemporary knowledge and social economies, I expand the notion, reach, and scale of the American “prison nation.” Following Mark Hansen’s treatment of twenty-first-century ...
The Al-Qaeda Organization And The Islamic State Organization: History, Doctrine, Modus, Operandi, And U.S Policy To Degrade And Defeat Terrorism Conducted In The Name Of Sunni Islam, 2017 East Tennessee State University
The Al-Qaeda Organization And The Islamic State Organization: History, Doctrine, Modus, Operandi, And U.S Policy To Degrade And Defeat Terrorism Conducted In The Name Of Sunni Islam, Paul Kamolnick
The al-Qaeda Organization (AQO) and the Islamic State Organization (ISO) are transnational adversaries that conduct terrorism in the name of Sunni Islam. It is declared U.S. Government (USG) policy to degrade, defeat, and destroy them. The present book has been written to assist policymakers, military planners, strategists, and professional military educators whose mission demands a deep understanding of strategically-relevant differences between these two transnational terrorist entities. In it, one shall find a careful comparative analysis across three key strategically relevant dimensions: essential doctrine, beliefs, and worldview; strategic concept, including terrorist modus operandi; and specific implications and recommendations for current ...
Delegitimizing Al-Qaeda: A Jihad-Realist Approach, 2017 East Tennessee State University
Delegitimizing Al-Qaeda: A Jihad-Realist Approach, Paul Kamolnick
Disrupting, dismantling, and ultimately defeating al-Qaeda based and inspired terrorism is a declared policy of the U.S. Government. Three key strategic objectives have been identified for accomplishing this: attacking al-Qaeda’s terror network, undermining radicalization and recruitment, and hardening homeland defense. The present monograph proposes a distinct "jihad-realist" approach for undermining radicalization and recruitment to al-Qaeda. First, a brief discussion of six means for ending terrorist organizations is provided. Second, the premises of a jihad-realist approach are described. Third, a jihad-realist shari’a case against al-Qaeda’s terrorism is presented. In conclusion, key assertions are summarized, and several specific ...