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The Imperial Eye, Mark P. Worrell, Daniel A. Krier 2012 State University of New York College at Cortland

The Imperial Eye, Mark P. Worrell, Daniel A. Krier

Sociology Publications

The figure of the shark in the film Jaws has been compared by Slavoj Žižek to the figure of the mythical Jew in anti-Semitic propaganda: both the shark and the Jew function as an empty signifier that binds together a multitude of analytic or concrete elements and transposes them to a new dimension of synthetic reality (1993: 148-49). To put it in sociological terms: the shark is a name (empty container) that transfers consciousness from the domain of profane stuff (and nominalist empirical operations) into the domain of the sacred, synthetic, sui generis facticity of reified reality. This type of ...


Faith, Hope, And Regulative Ideals: Epistemological Reflexivity In The Sociology Of Religion, James V. Spickard 2012 University of Redlands

Faith, Hope, And Regulative Ideals: Epistemological Reflexivity In The Sociology Of Religion, James V. Spickard

Our House Articles, Posters, and Presentations

This article explores the epistemological consequences for the sociology of religion of the reflexive turn that has swept social science in the last two decades. Building on similar reflexivities in the writings of Charles Sanders Peirce and H. Richard Niebuhr, it argues that social science, like religion, is grounded in practical faith. A communal enterprise, social science can never justify its knowledge foundationally, nor can it find secure knowledge in the present. Instead, it lives in eschatological hope of increasingly ‘getting the story right’—either in the sense of painting a tentatively accurate picture of the social world or by ...


The ‘Friendship Dynamics Of Religion,’ Or The ‘Religious Dynamics Of Friendship’? A Social Network Analysis Of Adolescents Who Attend Small Schools, Jacob Cheadle, Philip Schwadel 2012 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The ‘Friendship Dynamics Of Religion,’ Or The ‘Religious Dynamics Of Friendship’? A Social Network Analysis Of Adolescents Who Attend Small Schools, Jacob Cheadle, Philip Schwadel

Sociology Department, Faculty Publications

Longitudinal social network data on adolescents in seven schools are analyzed to reach a new understanding about how the personal and interpersonal social dimensions of adolescent religion intertwine together in small school settings. We primarily address two issues relevant to the sociology of religion and sociology in general: (1) social selection as a source of religious homophily and (2) friend socialization of religion. Analysis results are consistent with Collins’ interaction ritual chain theory, which stresses the social dimensions of religion, since network–religion autocorrelations are relatively substantial in magnitude and both selection and socialization mechanisms play key roles in generating ...


Social Class And Finding A Congregation: How Attendees Are Introduced To Their Congregations, Philip Schwadel 2012 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Social Class And Finding A Congregation: How Attendees Are Introduced To Their Congregations, Philip Schwadel

Sociology Department, Faculty Publications

Despite the large numbers of Americans switching religious congregations each year, social scientists know relatively little about how people are introduced to new religious congregations. In this research note, I use multiple surveys of congregants—two surveys of Presbyterians in the 1990s and a survey of attendees from a random sample of congregations in 2001—to examine the effects of education and income on how attendees are introduced to their religious congregations. Results show that education and income are key predictors of how attendees find their congregations. In general, Americans with low levels of education and income are disproportionately likely ...


Subtle And Overt Forms Of Islamophobia: Microaggressions Toward Muslim Americans, Kevin L. Nadal, Katie E. Griffin, Sahran Hamit, Jayleen Leon, Michael Tobio, David P. Rivera 2012 CUNY Graduate Center

Subtle And Overt Forms Of Islamophobia: Microaggressions Toward Muslim Americans, Kevin L. Nadal, Katie E. Griffin, Sahran Hamit, Jayleen Leon, Michael Tobio, David P. Rivera

Publications and Research

Previous research suggests that microaggressions, or subtle and covert manifestations of bias, are commonplace in the life experience of people of color, women, and sexual minorities. However, there is a dearth of research focusing on microaggressions toward people from religious minority groups. Using a qualitative approach and directed content analysis with Muslim American participants (N=10), six themes emerged: 1) Endorsing Religious Stereotypes of Muslims as Terrorists, 2) Pathology of the Muslim Religion, 3) Assumption of Religious Homogeneity, 4) Exoticization, 5) Islamophobic and Mocking Language, and 6) Alien in Own Land. Implications for Muslim mental health are discussed.


Review Of Gentle People: A Case Study Of Rockport Colony Hutterites. By Joanita Kant., Rod Janzen 2011 Fresno Pacific University

Review Of Gentle People: A Case Study Of Rockport Colony Hutterites. By Joanita Kant., Rod Janzen

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Joanita Kant's Gentle People is an excellent case study of South Dakota's Rockport Hutterite Colony. The book includes in-depth description and analysis of the lifestyle of Rockport Colony residents and covers people of all ages and interests. There are numerous helpful photographs, both contemporary and historical. Members of the Rockport Colony belong to a religious society that has practiced "community of goods" for nearly five centuries. The book not only introduces the reader to the deep-seated beliefs and practices of members, but also provides important sociological analysis supported by helpful figures and maps, including population pyramids, floor plans ...


The Church Of The Nazarene In The U.S.: Race, Gender, And Class In The Struggle With Pentecostalism And Aspirations Toward Respectability, 1895-1985, Charles L. Perabeau 2011 Olivet Nazarene University

The Church Of The Nazarene In The U.S.: Race, Gender, And Class In The Struggle With Pentecostalism And Aspirations Toward Respectability, 1895-1985, Charles L. Perabeau

Faculty Scholarship - Sociology

This dissertation considers how the issues of race, gender, and class factored in the response of the Church of the Nazarene to the Azusa Street Revival, and how the processes of anti-Pentecostalization, whitening, masculinization, and embourgeoisement have contributed to elevating the social respectability of the Church of the Nazarene in the United States.


Religion And Attitudes Toward Same-Sex Marriage Among U.S. Latinos, Christopher G. Ellison, Gabriel A. Acevedo, Aida I. Ramos-Wada 2011 George Fox University

Religion And Attitudes Toward Same-Sex Marriage Among U.S. Latinos, Christopher G. Ellison, Gabriel A. Acevedo, Aida I. Ramos-Wada

Faculty Publications - Department of World Languages, Sociology & Cultural Studies

Objectives. This study examines links between multiple aspects of religious involvement and attitudes toward same-sex marriage among U.S. Latinos. The primary focus is on variations by affiliation and participation, but the possible mediating roles of biblical beliefs, clergy cues, and the role of religion in shaping political views are also considered.

Methods. We use binary logistic regression models to analyze data from a large nationwide sample of U.S. Latinos conducted by the Pew Hispanic Forum in late 2006.

Results. Findings highlight the strong opposition to same-sex marriage among Latino evangelical (or conservative) Protestants and members of sectarian groups ...


American Prophet: Martin Luther King, Jr., Sakuma Semba 2011 University of Colorado at Boulder

American Prophet: Martin Luther King, Jr., Sakuma Semba

Religious Studies Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In August 2011, after more than two decades of planning, fund-raising and construction, the Martin Luther King Jr. National Memorial— a four-acre tract south of the Mall featuring a granite statue of King — has opened to the public. King is officially enshrined in granite in the National Mall. A black preacher became a monument, a monument represents America. King is the prophet of American Civil Religion. This paper examines Martin Luther King, Jr. as the prophet of America and in the context of American Civil Religion. To begin, I will explore the concepts and definitions of the prophet, the civil ...


Secularization In Orleans, France: A Case Study Utilizing Mark Chaves' 'New Differentiation Theory', Stephanie J. Beck 2011 Ouachita Baptist University

Secularization In Orleans, France: A Case Study Utilizing Mark Chaves' 'New Differentiation Theory', Stephanie J. Beck

Honors Theses

Steeped in a heavily religious history, Europe and specifically France provide an intriguing backdrop for a closer look into secularization in present-day Orleans, France. Many various approaches to secularization theory have arisen over the past sixty years. This paper explores the evolution of secularization theory, delving into Mark Chaves' "New Differentiation Theory", based upon religious authority's influence on t he individual, societal, and institutional levels. Though created by an American academician, the "New Differentiation Theory'' provides a new basis of analysis with which one may draw conclusions regarding the state of secularization in a European city (in this case ...


Sexuality, Exoticism, And Iconoclasm In The Media Age: The Strange Case Of The Buddha Bikini, James Shields 2010 Bucknell University

Sexuality, Exoticism, And Iconoclasm In The Media Age: The Strange Case Of The Buddha Bikini, James Shields

Faculty Contributions to Books

No abstract provided.


Introduction To America's Four Gods: What We Say About God And What That Says About Us, Paul Froese, Christoper Bader 2010 Baylor University

Introduction To America's Four Gods: What We Say About God And What That Says About Us, Paul Froese, Christoper Bader

Sociology Faculty Books and Book Chapters

Despite all the hype surrounding the "New Atheism," the United States remains one of the most religious nations on Earth. In fact, 95% of Americans believe in God--a level of agreement rarely seen in American life. The greatest divisions in America are not between atheists and believers, or even between people of different faiths. What divides us, this groundbreaking book shows, is how we conceive of God and the role He plays in our daily lives.

America's Four Gods draws on the most wide-ranging, comprehensive, and illuminating survey of American's religious beliefs ever conducted to offer a systematic ...


Africa, The New African Diaspora, And Religious Transnationalism In A Global World, James V. Spickard, Afe Adogame 2010 University of Redlands

Africa, The New African Diaspora, And Religious Transnationalism In A Global World, James V. Spickard, Afe Adogame

Our House Book Chapters and Sections

This introductory chapter accomplishes two tasks. First, it identifies seven different approaches to the study of religion and immigration, outlining the ways that each of these both reveals and limits transnational religious dynamics in the current era. Second, it summarizes each of the chapters of this book, identifying their major themes and how they, together, reveal multiple aspects of African-based transnational religious phenomena.


Religion, Human Rights, And Global Culture: A Dozen Years Later, James V. Spickard 2010 University of Redlands

Religion, Human Rights, And Global Culture: A Dozen Years Later, James V. Spickard

Our House Articles, Posters, and Presentations

This article examines current human rights thinking through the lens of the sociology of religion. Though human rights law was intended to combat the positive-law tradition, which proved so amenable to Holocaust, it in fact amounts to a sacred history. Like all sacred texts, human rights documents provide both a way to separate good and evil, while also stimulating action. More interestingly, the three generations of human rights (civil/political, social/economic, and group/cultural) mirror three aspects of the contemporary global economic and political order. I wrote as much ten years ago, in my first article for Philosophical Alternatives ...


Does Taves Reconsider Experience Enough? A Critical Commentary On 'Religious Experience Reconsidered', James V. Spickard 2010 University of Redlands

Does Taves Reconsider Experience Enough? A Critical Commentary On 'Religious Experience Reconsidered', James V. Spickard

Our House Articles, Posters, and Presentations

Three problems beset Ann Taves’ thought-provoking book. The first is her failure to recognize that her focus on “experiences deemed religious” makes just as many metaphysical claims as does the focus on “religious experiences” that she seeks to replace. Second, her building-block definition of religion drops her into the middle of controversies over the nature of religion, rather than rescuing her from them. Third, her approach embodies a peculiarly North American cultural ambiguity about religion: on the one hand, it contains an abstract democratic affirmation of the importance of studying people’s beliefs and practices on their own terms; on ...


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