Para-Romantic Love And Para-Friendships: Development And Assessment Of A Multiple-Parasocial Relationships Scale, 2010 Chapman University
Para-Romantic Love And Para-Friendships: Development And Assessment Of A Multiple-Parasocial Relationships Scale, Riva Tukachinsky
Communication Faculty Articles and Research
Parasocial-relationships (PSR) are viewers' imaginary relationships with media personae. Despite the growing body of research on PSR, the field is still lacking a clear conceptualization and precise measure of this phenomenon. The present study suggests a novel theorization of PSR as para-friendship and para-love. Study 1 demonstrates construct validity of a new Multiple-PSR scale using the logic of a multi-trait multi-method approach. Study 2 replicates the factorial solution using confirmatory factor analysis. Finally, Study 3 provides evidence for the criterion validity of the scales. Together, these findings suggest that PSR encompass several types of relationships that might mediate different media …
Introduction To America's Four Gods: What We Say About God And What That Says About Us, 2010 Baylor University
Introduction To America's Four Gods: What We Say About God And What That Says About Us, Paul Froese, Christoper Bader
Sociology Faculty Books and Book Chapters
Despite all the hype surrounding the "New Atheism," the United States remains one of the most religious nations on Earth. In fact, 95% of Americans believe in God--a level of agreement rarely seen in American life. The greatest divisions in America are not between atheists and believers, or even between people of different faiths. What divides us, this groundbreaking book shows, is how we conceive of God and the role He plays in our daily lives.
America's Four Gods draws on the most wide-ranging, comprehensive, and illuminating survey of American's religious beliefs ever conducted to offer a systematic exploration of …
Communalism Predicts Prenatal Affect, Stress, And Physiology Better Than Ethnicity And Socioeconomic Status, 2010 University of Michigan
Communalism Predicts Prenatal Affect, Stress, And Physiology Better Than Ethnicity And Socioeconomic Status, Cleopatra M. Abdou, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Belinda Campos, Clayton J. Hilmert, Tyan Parker Dominguez, Calvin J. Hobel, Laura M. Glynn, Curt A. Sandman
Psychology Faculty Articles and Research
The authors examined the relevance of communalism, operationalized as a cultural orientation emphasizing interdependence, to maternal prenatal emotional health and physiology and distinguished its effects from those of ethnicity and childhood and adult socioeconomic status (SES). African American and European American women (N = 297) were recruited early in pregnancy and followed through 32 weeks gestation using interviews and medical chart review. Overall, African American women and women of lower socioeconomic backgrounds had higher levels of negative affect, stress, and blood pressure, but these ethnic and socioeconomic disparities were not observed among women higher in communalism. Hierarchical multivariate regression analyses …
Traitor In Our Midst: Cultural Variations In Japanese Vs. Oklahoman Public Discourse On Domestic Terrorism In The Spring Of 1995, 2010 Iowa State University
Traitor In Our Midst: Cultural Variations In Japanese Vs. Oklahoman Public Discourse On Domestic Terrorism In The Spring Of 1995, Carl W. Roberts, Yong Wang
Department of Sociology Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works
When “one of our own” commits mass murder, mechanisms that sustain our social order are opened to question. Based on two samples of newspaper editorials written in 1995 ‐ either after the poison gas attack in the Tokyo subway or after the Oklahoma City bombing ‐ evidence is provided that Japanese editorialists advised strategies for retaining order, whereas Oklahoman authors endorsed ones for reestablishing it. In accordance with Simmel’s distinction between faithfulness and gratitude as social forms, Japanese advised faithful continuation of wholesome interactions with their terrorists, whereas Oklahomans expressed gratitude for rescue workers’ assistance. We apply modality analysis to …
Charity And Information: Correcting The Failure Of A Disjunctive Social Norm, 2010 Indiana University Maurer School of Law
Charity And Information: Correcting The Failure Of A Disjunctive Social Norm, Brian Broughman, Robert Cooter
Articles by Maurer Faculty
Charitable donations fund social goods that the state and markets undersupply. Despite widespread belief in the importance of private charity, most Americans donate little or nothing. Experiments in behavioral economics show that anonymity, not human nature, causes low contributions. Anonymity poses a particular challenge for charity because of the special character of the obligation. Charity is a disjunctive social norm, meaning the obligation is owed to ‘A or B or C or …’. Disclosure of each individual’s aggregate conduct is necessary for the effectiveness of any disjunctive social norm. To revitalize charity we propose a public registry where each taxpayer …
Mix It Up: Popular Culture, Mass Media, And Society, 2009 University of Pennsylvania
Mix It Up: Popular Culture, Mass Media, And Society, David Grazian
No abstract provided.
Touring The Troubles In West Belfast: Building Peace Or Reproducing Conflict?, 2009 John Carroll University
Touring The Troubles In West Belfast: Building Peace Or Reproducing Conflict?, Wendy A. Wiedenhoft Murphy
Wendy A. Wiedenhoft Murphy
This article examines the development of tourism in West Belfast, Northern Ireland, and explores the extent to which tourism builds peace or reproduces processes of past conflict. Data were collected through semistructured interviews with tour managers and tour guides that include West Belfast in their itineraries and participant observations of tours conducted in West Belfast in the summer of 2007. The findings from this data suggest that while tourism there is reproducing some processes of past conflict, particularly territoriality, it has the potential to build cross-community relationships.
Rethinking Substance Misuse Policy And Practice: An Ideas Wales Discussion Paper, 2009 Victoria University of Wellington
Rethinking Substance Misuse Policy And Practice: An Ideas Wales Discussion Paper, Julian Buchanan
This accessible and easy to read paper designed to promote thinking and discussion seeks to develop principles upon which future drug policy and practice could be developed. It examines evidence and makes clear recommendations towards a fit for purpose drug policy.
Demystifying Authenticity In The Sociology Of Culture, 2009 University of Pennsylvania
Demystifying Authenticity In The Sociology Of Culture, David Grazian
No abstract provided.
Glam Metal And Guilty Pleasures: Sailing Away With Chuck Klosterman And David Grazian, 2009 University of Pennsylvania
Glam Metal And Guilty Pleasures: Sailing Away With Chuck Klosterman And David Grazian, David Grazian
No abstract provided.
Neoliberalism And The Realities Of Reality Television, 2009 University of Pennsylvania
Neoliberalism And The Realities Of Reality Television, David Grazian
No abstract provided.
Revealing Iberian Woodcraft: Conserved Wooden Artefacts From South-East Spain, 2009 COLABORADOR HONORÍFICO UNIVERSIDAD ALICANTE
Revealing Iberian Woodcraft: Conserved Wooden Artefacts From South-East Spain, Pablo Rosser
Yolanda Carrion & Pablo Rosser Six wells at Tossal de les Basses in Spain captured a large assemblage of Iberian woodworking debris. The authors’ analysis distinguishes a wide variety of boxes, handles, staves, pegs and joinery made in different and appropriate types of wood, some – like cypress – imported from some distance away. We have here a glimpse of a sophisticated and little known industry of the fourth century BC.