Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social Control, Law, Crime, and Deviance Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,777 Full-Text Articles 1,947 Authors 1,030,120 Downloads 175 Institutions

All Articles in Social Control, Law, Crime, and Deviance

Faceted Search

1,777 full-text articles. Page 1 of 59.

Are We Responsible For Who We Are? Indoctrination And Social Influence As A Defense To Crime, Paul H. Robinson, Lindsay Holcomb 2020 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Are We Responsible For Who We Are? Indoctrination And Social Influence As A Defense To Crime, Paul H. Robinson, Lindsay Holcomb

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

A patriotic POW is brainwashed by his North Korean captors into refusing repatriation and undertaking treasonous anti-American propaganda for the communist regime. Despite the general abhorrence of treason in time of war, the American public opposes criminal liability for such indoctrinated soldiers, yet existing criminal law provides no defense or mitigation because, at the time of the offense, the indoctrinated offender suffers no cognitive or control dysfunction, no mental or emotional impairment, and no external or internal compulsion. Rather, he was acting purely in the exercise of free of will, albeit based upon beliefs and values that he had not ...


The Cost Of Doing Business: Corporate Crime And Punishment Post-Crisis, Dorothy S. Lund, Natasha Sarin 2020 USC Gould School of Law

The Cost Of Doing Business: Corporate Crime And Punishment Post-Crisis, Dorothy S. Lund, Natasha Sarin

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

For many years, law and economics scholars, as well as politicians and regulators, have debated whether corporate criminal enforcement overdeters beneficial corporate activity or in the alternative, lets corporate criminals off too easily. This debate has recently expanded in its polarization: On the one hand, academics, judges, and politicians have excoriated the DOJ for failing to send guilty bankers to jail in the wake of the financial crisis; on the other, the DOJ has since relaxed policies aimed to secure individual lability and reduced the size of fines and number of prosecutions.

A crucial and yet understudied piece of evidence ...


The Freddie Gray Uprising: Persistence And Desistance Narratives Of Community-Engaged Returning Citizens, Maurice Vann 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Freddie Gray Uprising: Persistence And Desistance Narratives Of Community-Engaged Returning Citizens, Maurice Vann

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This study explored how selected returning citizens in Baltimore who experienced the Freddie Gray Uprising of 2015 quelled community violence, stopped looting, and cleaned up the community in the aftermath made meaning of their experiences of the unrest. The central purpose of this study was to collect and analyze the life stories of returning citizens in Baltimore who experienced the Uprising. These men who had been incarcerated for between 5 and 20 years responded to government officials who called on them to quell violence in their neighborhoods that stemmed from the in-custody homicide of Freddie Gray.

The informants provided narratives ...


Parents As Pimps: Survivor Accounts Of Trafficking Of Children In The United States, Jody Raphael 2020 DePaul University College of Law

Parents As Pimps: Survivor Accounts Of Trafficking Of Children In The United States, Jody Raphael

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

This article discusses four survivor accounts of survivors of being sold for sexual exploitation by their parents for monetary gain. These narratives, supplemented by other accounts from 100 newspaper stories between 2012 and 2018, reveal the fact that many survivors were sold as very young children, and the abuse continued through their teen years, blurring distinctions between pedophilia and the sex trade industry. In their accounts, survivors described the motivations of their parents as well as the buyers, who used excessive force and violence. Some researchers are beginning to document the existence of parental pimping and its prevalence, which ranges ...


Don’T Count Me Out! There’S Power In Participation: Voter Suppression & Destabilizing Its Reasonableness, Mustafa Ali-Smith 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Don’T Count Me Out! There’S Power In Participation: Voter Suppression & Destabilizing Its Reasonableness, Mustafa Ali-Smith

Black Issues Conference

One person, no vote, seems to have become the reality of modern-day America. Across the country, citizens are stripped of their fundamental right to vote, and today, it should be more evident that our democracy has become under assault. This presentation and discussion will provide a historical context of voter suppression while leaving participants informed and motivated about the importance of voting and how they can exercise their fundamental rights.


The Smoking Gun: Can We Do For Gun Control What We Are Doing To Control The Vaping And E-Cigarettes Epidemic?, Robert J. Goldberg, Kate L. Lapane, Stephenie C. Lemon, Michael P. Hirsh 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Smoking Gun: Can We Do For Gun Control What We Are Doing To Control The Vaping And E-Cigarettes Epidemic?, Robert J. Goldberg, Kate L. Lapane, Stephenie C. Lemon, Michael P. Hirsh

Open Access Articles

An editorial by UMass Medical School public health experts calls for legislators and policymakers to take bold action on gun control, similar to the recent ban in Massachusetts on vaping products in response to lung illnesses in vaping device and e-cigarette users.


Bad Boys, Bad Boys: Masculinity, Performance Theory, And Prisoner Re-Entry, Jannae D. Bratcher 2020 University of Denver

Bad Boys, Bad Boys: Masculinity, Performance Theory, And Prisoner Re-Entry, Jannae D. Bratcher

Graduate School of Professional Psychology: Doctoral Papers and Masters Projects

Men and boys commit more crime, are more violent, and are more likely to be involved in the criminal justice system than women and girls (Cohen & Harvey, 2006; Carson, 2018; Zimmerman & Messner, 2010). Within the past two decades, criminal studies have begun to consider masculinity as a social construct to explain the gender gap in crime rates. However, more research is needed to understand its relationship to reentry and recidivism. The lens of masculinity as a performance is valuable and has a proud scholarly history, including the works of Judith Butler and Erving Goffman. This paper conceptualizes prisoner reentry through the lens ...


Educating And Training The Next Generations Of Security Staff In Suicide Risk Assessment In Correctional Settings: Development Of Cultural Competencies, Ashley Christianson 2020 University of Denver

Educating And Training The Next Generations Of Security Staff In Suicide Risk Assessment In Correctional Settings: Development Of Cultural Competencies, Ashley Christianson

Graduate School of Professional Psychology: Doctoral Papers and Masters Projects

Cultural competence in suicide risk assessment has become a necessity given the demographic diversity in the U.S. corrections population and the increasing rate of suicidal behavior in jails and prisons. With few exceptions, little attention has been paid to the cultural training of both clinicians and security staff, and the development of cultural competencies in this field. This paper will focus exclusively on examining the case for cultural competence when conducting a suicide risk assessment in a correctional setting. The author reviews factors that are key in the education and training of culturally informed jail-based therapists and corrections officers ...


Shadow Women: Wives Betrayed By Sex Buyers, Ingeborg Kraus 2020 Psychologische Psychotherapeutin, Germany

Shadow Women: Wives Betrayed By Sex Buyers, Ingeborg Kraus

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

Shadow women are women whose husbands betray them by using prostituted women. Until now, there has been almost no attention paid to the harm to the wives or partners of men who use prostituted women. In this interview, Dr. Ingeborg Kraus talks to the former wife of a sex buyer. She describes the impact of her husband’s betrayal on her and her family. This type of harm needs to be taken seriously and more research done on it.


Feminist Action Against Pornography In Japan: Unexpected Success In An Unlikely Place, Caroline Norma, Seiya Morita 2020 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University

Feminist Action Against Pornography In Japan: Unexpected Success In An Unlikely Place, Caroline Norma, Seiya Morita

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

In late 2016 a feminist movement against problems of commercial sexual exploitation, and especially issues of coerced pornography filming, arose in Japan. This article describes the history of this movement as it mobilized to combat human rights violations perpetrated by the country’s pornographers. The movement’s success came not spontaneously or haphazardly; in fact, it was orchestrated earlier over a full decade-and-a-half by activists who persevered in researching and highlighting pornography’s harms in a civil environment of hostility, isolation and social derision, even among progressive groups and individuals. The Anti-Pornography and Prostitution Research Group (APP) was particularly prominent ...


Mitigations: The Forgotten Side Of The Proportionality Principle, Paul H. Robinson 2020 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Mitigations: The Forgotten Side Of The Proportionality Principle, Paul H. Robinson

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In the first change to the Model Penal Code since its promulgation in 1962, the American Law Institute in 2017 set blameworthiness proportionality as the dominant distributive principle for criminal punishment. Empirical studies suggest that this is in fact the principle that ordinary people use in assessing proper punishment. Its adoption as the governing distributive principle makes good sense because it promotes not only the classic desert retributivism of moral philosophers but also crime-control utilitarianism, by enhancing the criminal law’s moral credibility with the community and thereby promoting deference, compliance, acquiescence, and internalization of its norms, rather than suffering ...


Human Rights? What A Good Idea! From Universal Jurisdiction To Crime Prevention, Daniel Feierstein 2019 Universidad Tres de Febrero, Buenos Aires / CONICET / Universidad de Buenos Aires

Human Rights? What A Good Idea! From Universal Jurisdiction To Crime Prevention, Daniel Feierstein

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Over the last decades, Genocide Studies has entered in a “comfort zone.” With fellowships and support from governments or NGOs, we have developed a very comfortable environment in which the knowledge we produce about genocide prevention is neither critical nor useful. We have become trapped by assumptions we have never checked against reality and many of us have chosen to work inside the circle of those assumptions: genocide and mass violence are horrible acts committed by horrible people; we cannot stand by and do nothing; we have the responsibility to protect civilian populations and that responsibility takes the form, as ...


Brief Literature Review On Conscientiousness And Responsivity To Cbi Programming, Ernest M. Oleksy 2019 Cleveland State University

Brief Literature Review On Conscientiousness And Responsivity To Cbi Programming, Ernest M. Oleksy

The Downtown Review

This article reviews the literature of how individual differences (specifically trait conscientiousness) may contribute to ex-offender responsivity to reentry programming. By studying if individual differences (e.g. personality traits) contribute to specific responsivity, programming can be determined to be ineffective for the general population and redesigned in a manner that is beneficial for the largest number of clients. To that end, this literature review provides a conceptual foundation for potential future studies, based on what previous researchers have found in their own studies. With this knowledge, future researchers will be better equipped to make sense of findings once they analyze ...


Mentor Program Evaluation Report, Caitlin J. Taylor 2019 La Salle University

Mentor Program Evaluation Report, Caitlin J. Taylor

Sociology and Criminal Justice Faculty work

This report details a three year evaluation of the MENTOR (Mentors Empowering to Overcome Recidivism) Program in the Philadelphia court system. MENTOR program participants who are serving county probation sentences are matched with a volunteer mentor from the community, receive case management from MENTOR staff, and attend a monthly status hearing with one of the MENTOR judges. The program evaluation relied on several data sources to assess program effectiveness, including surveys and focus groups with mentees, online monthly reports from mentors, internally collected program data on service referrals, interviews with stakeholders, and official records from Adult Probation and Parole Department ...


Differences In Socialization Factors In Relation To Prescription Drug Misuse Between Rural And Urban Juveniles, Gabriela Smith 2019 East Tennessee State University

Differences In Socialization Factors In Relation To Prescription Drug Misuse Between Rural And Urban Juveniles, Gabriela Smith

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Juvenile misuse of prescription drugs in the United States has continuously increased over the last few decades, especially within rural regions of the country. Despite continuous increase in rates of misuse, limited research exists on elements of socialization that may function to prevent drug use. The current study utilized the Monitoring the Future Survey data to explore prescription drug misuse between different populations of juveniles. While using Hirschi’s (1969) theory of social bonds as a theoretical framework, different elements of socialization were explored to determine whether they work to contribute or prevent prescription drug misuse among rural and urban ...


Money Laundering In The Commercial Sex Market In The United States, Youngbee Dale 2019 Dale Consulting

Money Laundering In The Commercial Sex Market In The United States, Youngbee Dale

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

This paper describes money laundering techniques used by different criminal organizations operating in the U.S. sex market. Prior to this study, scholars have not investigated money laundering techniques used in the U.S. sex market in a comprehensive manner. This paper describes and categorizes methods used for money laundering. It discusses the similarities and differences in money laundering techniques in the U.S. sex markets. Current challenges to combating money laundering are reviewed and recommendations are made to strengthen the ongoing fight against money laundering in the U.S. sex markets.


Women On Top: Sex Workers For Women And Couples, Amy Boone 2019 University of North Georgia

Women On Top: Sex Workers For Women And Couples, Amy Boone

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Sex work is a complex and often controversial topic that frequently frames the female sex worker as a powerless victim whose services are materialized through the patriarchal structure of society. This is evident is 2018 public policies such as The Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act (SESTA) and Allow States and Victims to Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act (FOSTA) that fail to recognize a sector of sex workers that neither self-identify as victims nor feel dominated by traditional gender roles. Traditionally, research has been conducted on outdoor prostitution, the transactional component of sex work, and the power imbalance regarding male clients ...


Lgbtq+ Inclusion In The Unhcr Definition Of Refugee Status, Catherine Maloney 2019 Georgia College & State University

Lgbtq+ Inclusion In The Unhcr Definition Of Refugee Status, Catherine Maloney

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Though most cases of persecution, such as race or religious affiliation, are accepted as cause for refugee status, the validity of sexuality and gender discrimination as grounds upon which to seek asylum remains unclear. Many governments have laws pertaining to the eradication of LGBTQ+ individuals, including Uganda’s anti-homosexuality act of 2014, otherwise known as the “Kill the Gays” bill (Strand 917). Through preliminary research on Uganda’s bill, anti-gay purges in Russia, the denial of homosexuals in Iran, and various other examples, this presentation will highlight the persecution experienced by LGBTQ+ individuals across the globe. Attaining refugee status for ...


#42 - The Role Of Family Support Prior To Incarceration, Courtney Black 2019 University of South Carolina Beaufort

#42 - The Role Of Family Support Prior To Incarceration, Courtney Black

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

The purpose of this research will focus on the role family support and community factors play in the lives of young, incarcerated African American men prior to incarceration. The focus of this study will be to examine family and community factors that may contribute to African American males representing 13% of the population yet making up 37% of the prison population. Past research conducted by Kim, Basset, So & Viosin (2018) focused on family stress and youth mental health problems as it relates to self-efficacy and future orientation. Their findings suggested that family stress does not have a significant effect on ...


Critical Reviews Of Flawed Research On Prostitution, Donna M. Hughes 2019 University of Rhode Island

Critical Reviews Of Flawed Research On Prostitution, Donna M. Hughes

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress