Child Poverty, Physical & Mental Health In Maine, 2019 University of Southern Maine
Child Poverty, Physical & Mental Health In Maine, Katelyn Malloy
Thinking Matters Symposium
Children who live below the national poverty line account for nearly one fifth of Maine’s overall population. Child poverty is a determinant of health that can lead to negative health outcomes that affect childhood development, educational achievement, as well as physical and mental health. The purpose of this study was to identify five Maine counties with the highest rates of child poverty according to the national average. Comparison of poverty rates between counties were analyzed along with two leading health indicators – mental and physical distress. This study used 2016 county-level childhood poverty estimates, assessed by the American Community Survey ...
Needs-Based Training And Online Resource For Managers Of Rural Festivals, Fairs, And Events, 2019 Iowa State University
Needs-Based Training And Online Resource For Managers Of Rural Festivals, Fairs, And Events, Eric D. Olson, Lakshman Rajagopal
Eric D. Olson
Festivals, fairs, and events (FFEs) provide rural communities with economic and noneconomic benefits. For the project described in this article, we conducted a needs assessment of Iowa FFE managers by surveying them about the challenges they face in event management and then used the results of the assessment as the basis for training sessions provided to rural FFE managers in five areas of the state and development of an associated event management resource. The resource can be used by Extension and outreach offices to provide local FFE managers guidance on managing FFEs. We discuss broader implications for Extension as well.
"Baby Factories": Exploitation Of Women In Southern Nigeria, 2019 University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
"Baby Factories": Exploitation Of Women In Southern Nigeria, Jacinta Chiamaka Nwaka, Akachi Odoemene
Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence
Despite the writings of feminist thinkers and efforts of other advocates of feminism to change the dominant narratives on women, exploitation of women is a fact that has remained endemic in various parts of the world, and particularly in Africa. Nigeria is one of those countries in Africa where women are largely exposed to varying degrees of exploitation. This paper examines the development and proliferation of baby-selling centers in southern Nigeria and its impacts on and implication for women in Nigeria. It demonstrates how an attempt to give protection to unwed pregnant girls has metamorphosed into “baby harvesting” and selling ...
Perceptions Of Vulnerability To Flooding, Hurricanes, And Climate Change On Grand Isle, Louisiana’S Only Inhabited Barrier Island, Lauren Miller
Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers
This study used in-depth interviews of permanent residents on Grand Isle, Louisiana, a remote barrier island, to better understand their perceptions of structural flood measures, non-structural responses to flooding and hurricanes, and perceptions of vulnerability to flooding, hurricanes, and climate change on a remote barrier island-Grand Isle, Louisiana. Residents' perceptions regarding the various structural measures implemented by the federal, state, and local government appeared mixed. Non-structural responses to flooding risks implemented at the household, community, state, and federal level continue to strengthen resiliency on Grand Isle. According to interviewees, aspects of environmental, rural, and economic vulnerability on Grand Isle impact ...
Preserving Small Farms In Gales Creek, Oregon: An Interview With Gales Creek Residents, 2019 Portland State University
Preserving Small Farms In Gales Creek, Oregon: An Interview With Gales Creek Residents, Nathan Williams
Nathan Williams conducts interviews with several residents of rural Gales Creek, Oregon, discussing the problems faced by small farmers and challenges for farmland preservation.
Ua1c2/18 Felts Log House Photos, 2019 Western Kentucky University
Ua1c2/18 Felts Log House Photos, Wku Archives
WKU Archives Collection Inventories
Images of Felts Log House, includes images of the move to WKU campus.
Playing With Fire: Assessing The Effects Of Risk Interdependency, Social Norms, And Costs On Homeowners’ Wildfire Mitigation Decisions Using Choice Experiments, H Brenkert-Smith, Katherine Dickinson, Greg Madonia, Nicholas Flores
Institute of Behavioral Science Faculty Contributions
This data set emerges from an online choice experiments with homeowners in areas at risk of wildfire in Western Colorado to assess the role of social interactions in shaping wildfire mitigation decisions. These experiments manipulated conditions on neighboring properties to separately identify two social effect pathways: 1) risk interdependency, or the effect of neighbors' vegetation conditions on an individual's own perceived risk and subsequent actions, and 2) social norms, or the desire to conform to dominant behaviors in one's reference group.
Hepatitis C And The Social Hierarchy: How Stigma Is Built In Rural Communities, 2018 Texas State University - San Marcos
Hepatitis C And The Social Hierarchy: How Stigma Is Built In Rural Communities, Charley D. Henderson, Atsuko Kawakami
The Qualitative Report
Although Hepatitis C has profound impacts on individuals living in communities, most research has been conducted in a hospital or laboratory setting. Additionally, there is a lack of research exploring the social effects of Hepatitis C in rural communities. In this qualitative study, we focus on perceptions on Hepatitis C within a rural community, describe how the local residents perceive social hierarchy within their community, and explore the process of stigma building. Informed by a grounded theory approach, we employed a snowball sampling strategy in a southern rural area to conduct in-depth, open-ended interviews. In our findings we describe how ...
Political Competition And Predictors Of Hate Crime: A County-Level Analysis, 2018 East Tennessee State University
Political Competition And Predictors Of Hate Crime: A County-Level Analysis, Eaven Holder
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Research on hate crime has tended to utilize sociological frameworks to best explain the incidence of such offending, but little research has been conducted to determine whether political factors may play a role. Although Olzak (1990) touched upon the relationship between racial violence and third-party politics during the American Progressive era (1882-1914), the research did not fully articulate how political competition may influence the commission of hate crime. The current study seeks to fill this gap, while also extending concepts associated with social disorganization theory and the defended communities perspective. It does so by utilizing a longitudinal research design to ...
Exploring School Foodservice Directors’ Intentions To Implement Farm-To-School Procurement Methods Considering Food Safety Practices, 2018 Virginia Department of Education
Exploring School Foodservice Directors’ Intentions To Implement Farm-To-School Procurement Methods Considering Food Safety Practices, Sandra C. Curwood, Lakshman Rajagopal, Susan W. Arendt, Stephen Sapp
Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications
This study explored the intentions of foodservice directors' (FSD) who oversee Farm-to-School (F2S) programs to implement alternative procurement methods that better account for food safety practices. A web-based questionnaire was distributed to 864 California school FSDs with 136 (15.7%) usable surveys returned. Findings revealed that although FSDs understand the importance of food safety training and have confidence in their ability to manage produce safety practices, they express little intention to change their procurement practices. This finding might indicate a need for more resources and supportive policies.
Community Initiatives Multiply University Partnerships, 2018 Indiana University Purdue University Fort Wayne
Community Initiatives Multiply University Partnerships, Christopher Lafontaine
Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement
Christopher LaFontaine is a senior studying psychology and sociology at Indiana Purdue Fort Wayne (IPFW). He has concentrated on community engagement and service learning as areas of focus for the past year. He plans to pursue a career in applied sociology and he has been involved with applied research among vulnerable populations. Christopher has worked with homeless veterans in Fort Wayne and has studied health conditions in a rural county that ranks low in health outcomes. In this article, he describes his experience with service-learning partnerships between community organizations and an institution of higher education.
Early Field Experience In Career And Technical Education, 2018 Iowa State University
Early Field Experience In Career And Technical Education, Scott Smalley
The purpose of the three studies in this dissertation was to enhance career and technical education in the area of agriculture, business, and family and consumer sciences. This dissertation contains three papers: (1) a Delphi study identifying the purpose, expected outcomes, and methods of documenting preservice teacher early field experience (EFE) activities in agricultural teacher education programs; (2) a national descriptive study describing agricultural teacher education early field experience (EFE) practices using the EFE Model; and (3) a national descriptive study describing business, and family and consumer sciences teacher education early field experience (EFE) practices using the EFE Model. For ...
Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: Population Distribution By Race, Ethnicity, And Age, 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: Population Distribution By Race, Ethnicity, And Age, Sarah Taylor, Maria Rosario T. De Guzman, Grant Daily, Rodrigo Cantarero, Soo-Young Hong, Aileen S. Garcia, Jeong-Kyun Choi, Yan Xia
This section details key points from the data on racial, ethnic, and age groups across Nebraska.
RACIAL AND ETHNIC MINORITIES IN NEBRASKA
• The proportions of Nebraska’s racial and ethnic minority populations tend to be smaller by 4% (i.e., Asian) to 8% (i.e., Black or African American, Hispanic/Latino) than those of the US, except for the Hawaiian and Pacific Islander and American Indian and Alaska Native populations (i.e., smaller only by 0.1% to 0.2%).
• Nebraska’s urban areas, which comprise 73.1% of the Nebraska population, have higher numbers of racial and ...
Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: Migration Rates, 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: Migration Rates, Aileen S. Garcia, Rodrigo Cantarero, Grant Daily, Maria Rosario T. De Guzman, Jeong-Kyun Choi, Soo-Young Hong, Sarah Taylor
KEY POINTS AND IMPLICATIONS
Nebraska is a state that is not often viewed as affected significantly by mobility and migration. As a state, the net migration rate of 1.1 from 2015 to 2016 is fairly low compared to others like Florida (16.0) or Nevada (14.4). However, data from this report suggests that there is, in fact, substantial movement of people moving in and moving out; as well as pockets within the state where there is higher than average influx of both domestic and international migrants.
In general, migration trends in the state mirror national trends of “rural ...
Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: The Geographic Distribution Of Poverty, 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: The Geographic Distribution Of Poverty, Grant Daily, Rodrigo Cantarero, Maria Rosario De Guzman, Soo-Young Hong, Sarah Taylor, Aileen Garcia, Jeong-Kyun Choi, Yan Ruth Xia
What is poverty?
Federal definitions of poverty: the poverty line
General poverty and poverty brackets
Poverty and vulnerable populations
Child poverty (under 18 years)
Young child poverty (0 - 5 years)
School age poverty (6 - 17 years)
Elderly poverty (65+)
Comparing child, adult, and elderly poverty
Nebraska vs. United States
Poverty in children and the elderly
Poverty rates for racial/ethnic minorities
Sueños Del Progreso: La Migración Juvenil Desde Íntag / Dreams Of Progress: Youth Migration From Íntag, Julia Gratton
Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection
Esta monografía trata de la migración juvenil desde la zona de Íntag en el noroccidente del Ecuador. Documenta las razones por que los jóvenes deciden salir a las ciudades, además de cuáles son las razones principales por las que deciden venir, regresar y quedarse en la Zona. Analiza las expectativas y los resultados con referencia a la teoría de la dependencia y la nueva ruralidad.
This monograph deals with juvenile migration from the Intag area in northwestern Ecuador . Document the reasons why young people decide to go to the cities, in addition to what are the main reasons ...
The Influence Of Tourism And Amenities On Place Attachment And Entrepreneurship In Remote Communities: A Case Study Of Tofino, Bc, 2018 Vancouver Island University
The Influence Of Tourism And Amenities On Place Attachment And Entrepreneurship In Remote Communities: A Case Study Of Tofino, Bc, Sreya Kumar, Nicole L. Vaugeois
TTRA Canada 2018 Conference
This study was undertaken to provide a better understanding new migrant entrepreneurs and what attracts them to rural and remote communities. Conducted as a case study in Tofino, the study was done using mixed methods including content analysis of place based promotional tools and semi-structured interviews with a sample of new migrant entrepreneurs who had moved to the community within the past 15 years . The study found that although there were no specific place promotion efforts directed at attracting entrepreneurs, businesses were often established as an indirect outcome of promotional efforts aimed at attracting tourists via destination marketing organizations. The ...
Addressing The Homogeneity Dilemma By Customizing Tourism Development Supports For Rural Regions Using The Typology Of Tourism Dependence, Nicole L. Vaugeois
TTRA Canada 2018 Conference
Despite the general tendency to generalize about rural areas, they are not homogenous. Programs to support development in rural areas often tend to assume homogeneity and as such, they are often created in a “one-size fits all” approach for application by communities. This paper advocates for more customized program supports that take into account the specific needs of destinations at all stages of development. The paper presents a typology of tourism dependence that classifies rural communities into three types differentiated on their level of engagement in tourism including tourism desperate, tourism active and tourism saturated communities. The typology was based ...
Enhancing Visitors Experiences At Artisan Businesses: A Case Study Of The Économusée® Business Model In British Columbia, 2018 Vancouver Island University
Enhancing Visitors Experiences At Artisan Businesses: A Case Study Of The Économusée® Business Model In British Columbia, John Predyk, Nicole L. Vaugeois
TTRA Canada 2018 Conference
ÉCONOMUSÉE© is a non-profit organization founded in 1992 in Quebec, Canada which now includes over 70 Artisans from across Canada and Europe. The model promotes the preservation of traditional knowledge and local entrepreneurship by utilizing cultural tourism to showcase artisans and encourage the consumption of locally produced artisanal products. This study was completed in order to provide data on the growth and effectiveness of the ÉCONOMUSÉE program in British Columbia since it was first introduced in 2012. This paper highlights the results of the impact of the model on overall visitor experience. At this point in time, it appears that ...
Women's Use Of Indigenous Knowledge For Environmental Security And Sustainable Development In Southwest Nigeria, 2018 Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER)
Women's Use Of Indigenous Knowledge For Environmental Security And Sustainable Development In Southwest Nigeria, Yetunde Adebunmi Aluko
The International Indigenous Policy Journal
Indigenous women are important part of a community’s social capital. This study examined women’s use of Indigenous knowledge (IK) for environmental security and sustainable development in southwest Nigeria. Qualitative data was collected using in-depth interviews conducted among 80 purposively selected rural Yoruba women. The data were analysed using descriptive tools such as frequencies, percentages, and content analysis. The findings reveal an extensive wealth of IK used in agriculture, food processing and preservation, family health care, and child care. The findings also suggest that paying attention to IK will help to incorporate culture as part of rural development and ...