Contact Is A Stronger Predictor Of Attitudes Toward Police Than Race: A State-Of-The-Art Review, 2018 University of Windsor
Contact Is A Stronger Predictor Of Attitudes Toward Police Than Race: A State-Of-The-Art Review, Amy Alberton, Kevin M. Gorey
Social Work Publications
Purpose – This scoping review thoroughly scanned research on race, contacts with police and attitudes toward police. An exploratory meta-analysis then assessed the strength of their associations and interaction in Canada and the USA. Key knowledge gaps and specific future research needs, synthetic and primary, were identified. The paper aims to discuss these issues.
Design/methodology/approach – A germinal methodological framework for conducting scoping reviews was used (Arksey and O’Malley, 2005). The authors searched for published or unpublished research over the past 15 years and retrieved 33 eligible surveys, 19 of which were included in a sample-weighted meta-analysis.
Findings – The ...
Outsider Ethnic Minorities And Wage Determination In China, 2018 University of Louisville
Outsider Ethnic Minorities And Wage Determination In China, Andrew Macdonald, Reza Hasmath
The literature on ethnic minorities in China has a significant puzzle: in some studies, urban minorities perceive lower wages relative to the majority Han, while in other studies there is little to no evidence of this wage gap. There is not a clear theoretical expectation as to how these findings could simultaneously be true suggesting that new theory-building is necessary. We propose that the primary issue, and a potential solution, is the failure to fully disaggregate ethnic minority groups’ labour market experiences. We leverage a new, large dataset solely looking at ethnic minorities in China to explore this divergence. Our ...
It Takes A Village-Schooling Out Of Place: School Experiences Of Black African Youth In Waterloo Region, 2018 Wilfrid Laurier University
It Takes A Village-Schooling Out Of Place: School Experiences Of Black African Youth In Waterloo Region, Olufunke Oba 5726040
Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)
This dissertation examined experiences of alienation among Black African youth in Waterloo region schools. This study is timely and relevant considering the rapid influx of Black Africans into the region in response to government initiatives to redirect immigrants to smaller communities. The research addressed the dearth of scholarship on experiences of Black Africans outside the major metropolitan areas by employing Afrocentric and critical race theories to explore relationships between race and youth experiences of alienation. The dissertation study utilized elder facilitated youth dialogue forum (adaptation of focus group) and in-depth storytelling (which honours African orality) to access the meanings seventeen ...
Rental Market Discrimination Against Same-Sex Couples: Evidence From An Email Correspondence Audit, 2018 Syracuse University
Rental Market Discrimination Against Same-Sex Couples: Evidence From An Email Correspondence Audit, David Schwegman
Center for Policy Research
I present the results of a randomized pair-email correspondence audit of 6,490 property owners in 94 U.S. cities to provide a nationally-representative estimate of the level of discrimination that same-sex couples experience when inquiring about rental housing. I find that same-sex male couples, especially non-White same-sex male couples, are less likely to receive a response to inquiries about rental units. I also find that same-sex male Black couples are subject to more subtle forms of discrimination than heterosexual Black couples. I also examine if state and local anti-discrimination laws covary with rates of housing discrimination against same-sex couples ...
Finding Aid To The Collection Of Osborne Family Materials, 2018 Bern Porter Exhibit Collection Subscribers
Finding Aid To The Collection Of Osborne Family Materials, Jim Merrick
The Osborne Family Collection centers on the members of an early African American family who settled in Waterville, Maine after the Civil War. The collection contains materials relating to Samuel Osborne (1883-1904), his wife, Maria Iverson Osborne (1836-1913), and their children: Flora Molly Osborne Strange (1854-1921), Amelia Osborne (1857-1930), and Lulu Clifton Osborne Connor (1864-1907?), all born in slavery in Virginia. The remaining Osborne children: Isabelle Osborne (1868), Annie J. Osborne (1869-1901), Alice E. Osborne (1871-1968), Edward Samuel Osborne (1874-1956), and Marion Thompson Osborne Matheson (1878-1954) were born in Waterville, Maine. Samuel Osborne worked as the Colby College Janitor for ...
California As A “Blue-Print’ For Progressive Immigration Reform?: Uncovering Racial Liberalism To Expose Reconfigured Anti-Migrant Hegemony, Edith Jaicel Ortega
Scripps Senior Theses
Using the frames of analysis and language of political whiteness and anti-migrant hegemony, this paper examines the narrative of liberal immigration reformers transforming California’s political landscape within the period of 1994 to 2017. Taken as case studies the following articles of legislation are analyzed: Proposition 187 in 1994, the California Dream Act in 2010, the Trust Act in 2014, up to the present Senate Bill 54 in 2017. The paper finds that while California has experienced a recognizable shift in racial liberalism in rhetoric and legislation, its overall policy continues to work within the framework of anti-migrant hegemony that ...
Interaction Between Multiculturalism And Framing On Creative Task Performance, 2018 Scripps College
Interaction Between Multiculturalism And Framing On Creative Task Performance, Lily Yang
Scripps Senior Theses
Research has consistently demonstrated the benefits of multicultural experiences for individual creativity (e.g. Çelik, Forthmann, & Storme, 2016; Saad, Damian, Martinez, Moons, & Robins, 2012). The present study will explore the interaction between framing and multiculturalism on creativity. Seven hundred and eighty eight participants who identify as multicultural will be randomly assigned to one of four experimental groups looking at framing (success/failure) and culture priming (present/not present). After being primed with an oral prompt, participants will complete the Alternative Uses Test to measure two aspects of creativity: originality and idea generation. Success framing is expected to be associated with higher creativity ...
Toward A Theology Of Transformation, 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois
Toward A Theology Of Transformation, Hannah Kathleen Griggs
Eddie Mabry Diversity Award
Black liberation theologians come to terms with white supremacy by collectively remembering the story of the Exodus and Jesus' crucifixion--affirming God's preference for freedom and in-the-world salvation. The particular history of white American Christianity requires a different story to provide the foundation for our social memory. As white American Christians, we have certain blind spots—blind spots created by historical and social privileges that have given white people unequal access to power and resources. The story of Zacchaeus has the potential to help reframe white Christianity’s conception of race relations in the United States, shifting from a reconciliation ...
The Politics Of Strange Fruit: Examining The Intersectionality Of Race, Microaggressions, And Resiliency For African American Male Students In A Public High School Setting, 2018 University of Portland
The Politics Of Strange Fruit: Examining The Intersectionality Of Race, Microaggressions, And Resiliency For African American Male Students In A Public High School Setting, Irvin M. Brown
Graduate Theses and Dissertations
Examining the intersectionality of race, microaggressions, and resiliency among African American male students and how these experiences impact their lives in a high school setting can produce understandings that could lead to interventions for greater academic success. Research is clear there is a consistent decline in the academic achievement for African American males. Additionally, there has been an increase of African American males dropping out of high schools and entering the perils of a justice system that swings towards an imbalance of hopelessness and the predictability of a shortened lifespan. Analyzing structures and practices through a multi-lens approach of Critical ...
The Concurrent Rise Of Diversity And Islamophobia: A Comparative Study Of The Uk And France, 2018 University of Windsor
The Concurrent Rise Of Diversity And Islamophobia: A Comparative Study Of The Uk And France, Tugce Arslan
This paper assesses the current stance of multiculturalism and diversity in Europe by taking a closer look at the perception of Muslims in the United Kingdom and France. It is a comparative study that analyzes the sentiments of nationalism along with how a series of pivotal events that have impacted the integration process of the Muslim populations. A look at certain key factors such as cultural and identity clashes, increasing instability in the Middle East and the influence of the media, demonstrates a rise in Islamophobia in Europe. By focusing on how the rise in Islamophobia has affected the perception ...
Evolution Of The Racial Identity Of Children Of Loving: Has Our Thinking About Race And Racial Issues Become Obsolete?, 2018 Indiana University Maurer School of Law
Evolution Of The Racial Identity Of Children Of Loving: Has Our Thinking About Race And Racial Issues Become Obsolete?, Kevin D. Brown
Articles by Maurer Faculty
No abstract provided.
"Similar Souls On The Journey": Meaning-Making In A Contemplative Community Of Faculty Of Color, 2018 The Community College of Baltimore County
"Similar Souls On The Journey": Meaning-Making In A Contemplative Community Of Faculty Of Color, Jennifer L. Pemberton
Adult Education Research Conference
This paper highlights the meaning, both personal and professional, made by participants in a community of faculty of color, with a focus on contemplative practices and pedagogy.
Social Positioning In Social Work Practice: Stories Of Hopes And Struggles Among Racialized Minority Workers, 2018 Wilfrid Laurier University
Social Positioning In Social Work Practice: Stories Of Hopes And Struggles Among Racialized Minority Workers, Utamika Cummings
Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)
The primary purpose of this qualitative research is to understand the experiences of racialized social workers and social services workers and how social positioning plays out in their practice. What are the experiences of racialized workers in their work places? How do they position themselves in terms of their age, gender, race and professional identity in the various contexts of their practice? Do they experience self-doubt? How are they recognized or misrecognized for how they position themselves? How do they deal with these experiences? What are their stories? These were the main questions that this narrative research sought to capture ...
Gun Violence: Chicago, Illinois, 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois
Gun Violence: Chicago, Illinois, Kayla Dillon
Global Issues in Public Health
Gun violence has been, and continues to be, a significant problem in Chicago, Illinois. There have been several programs in place that have worked towards improving the level of gun violence. One of the most noticeable being Project Safe Neighborhood, which began in 2001. Part of what makes these programs, and programs similar to it, necessary is that it targets the populations most at-risk of gun violence. By targeting these specific regions of the city, these programs can provide the resources necessary to improve the condition of the city in the long-term, as well as prevent the condition from spreading ...
Navigating A Hispanic-American Ethnic Identity At A Predominantly White University, 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder
Navigating A Hispanic-American Ethnic Identity At A Predominantly White University, Alexandra Mejia
Undergraduate Honors Theses
This study sought to gain greater insight as to how Hispanic/Latino Americans understand their ethnic identity in a predominantly white institution. Previous literature has revealed various factors that contribute to the formation of a Hispanic ethnic identity, as well as how this identity shifts throughout various periods of life. The present study utilizes an inductive analysis of interviews with eight self-identified Hispanic/Latino undergraduates at a predominantly white university. Findings revealed two dominant pathways participants took upon entrance to the University of Colorado Boulder. Along with each pathway were polarized attitudes and subsequent behaviors demonstrating the effects of being ...
[2018 Honorable Mention] Euro-American Sex Tourism In The Caribbean, 2018 California State University, Monterey Bay
[2018 Honorable Mention] Euro-American Sex Tourism In The Caribbean, Bianca Figueroa
Ethnic Studies Award
The focus of this paper is sex tourism in the Caribbean, more specifically on Euro-American white women traveling for sexual relationships with Caribbean men. I will be analyzing these relationships through an intersectional approach by race, gender, and socioeconomic perspectives. The key point of my paper is to gain insight into the complicated sex for money 'relationships' and how they exist in places such as the Caribbean.
Editorial: "Complex Religion: Intersections Of Religion And Inequality", 2018 University of Pennsylvania
Editorial: "Complex Religion: Intersections Of Religion And Inequality", Melissa J. Wilde
Departmental Papers (Sociology)
What is complex religion and how does it relate to social inclusion? Complex religion is a theory which posits that religion intersects with inequality, especially class, race, ethnicity and gender. The nine articles in this volume examine a wide array of ways that religion intersects with inequality, and how, as a result, it can create barriers to social inclusion. The issue begins with three articles that examine the role of religion and its intersection with race and racialization processes. It then moves to three articles that examine religion’s intersection with socioeconomic inequality. The issue closes with three studies of ...
From Eugenicists To Family Planners: America's Religious Promoters Of Contraception, 2018 University of Pennsylvania
From Eugenicists To Family Planners: America's Religious Promoters Of Contraception, Melissa J. Wilde, Kajaiyaiu Hopkins
Departmental Papers (Sociology)
Early proponents of contraception among American religious groups were staunch eugenicists who promoted birth control in the hopes of curtailing the "runaway fertility" of poor Catholic and Jewish immigrants. By the early 1930s, their campaign to legalize contraception was largely successful, but eugenicists would soon go from being a sign of progressive politics and enlightened scientific understanding to a dirty word associated with Hitler. By examining the statements of all of the early liberalizers on contraception from 1920 to 1965, this paper demonstrates that although these groups purged their statements on contraception of the word eugenics by the end of ...
Increasing Inclusion: The Pursuit Of Racial Diversity In Three Historically White Universities In Kentucky, Michigan, And Ontario From 2000 To 2012, David J. Luke
Theses and Dissertations--Sociology
The University of Kentucky (UK) and University of Michigan (UM) present very different patterns in terms of black student enrollments and completions from 2000 to 2012 because of a structural explanation, a qualitative explanation, and a statistical explanation. Unfortunately, the patterns at the University of Western Ontario (UWO) are partial due to a lack of data.
First, the structural explanation is that UK, as a university in the state of Kentucky, was under a mandate from the U.S. Department of Education to desegregate because they were in violation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act. The Kentucky Council ...
European Spaces And The Roma: Denaturalizing The Naturalized In Online Reader Comments, 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
European Spaces And The Roma: Denaturalizing The Naturalized In Online Reader Comments, Theresa Catalano, Grace E. Fielder
Faculty Publications: Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education
With the entry of several Eastern European nations into the European Union (EU), a “third” space has developed in the discourse for nations perceived as not fully integrated “inside” the EU system. This article investigates the construction of this “third space” in the resultant “moral panic” about undesired immigration from other EU countries and its potential drain on the social services of the United Kingdom and links it to Euroskeptic discourse in British media. The article uses construal operations from cognitive linguistics combined with critical discourse studies as a way of denaturalizing the discourse in online comments that focus on ...