State Sovereignty And Citizen Agency: The Nationalist-Islamic Discourse Of Shaykh Muhammad Mahdi Shams Al-Din, Dina Jadallah
Using the discourse of Shaykh Muhammad Mahdi Shams al-Din, this article examines the contestation of sovereignty in Lebanon. His discourse on questions of sovereignty and agency offers an alternative vision of modernity that is part of an evolving struggle in the Lebanese political system. Lebanon’s consociational democratic system of structured political sectarianism necessitated an enmeshed and interactive theological, organizational, and political response. The article asks how political and ideational challenge – in the sense of empowering a disempowered group – occurs within a dominant political system of democratic exclusion? In addition, the geo-political reality of diminished state-level sovereignty, both vis-à-vis regional ...
On The Fence, 2014 Gettysburg College
On The Fence, Emily G. Hauck '14
Over a hundred years ago, my great-great grandmother fled Germany by herself to come to the United States to escape the abuse of her father. She had no connections in this country and nowhere to go. That same century my ancestors from Ireland crossed the Atlantic to make a better life in America. They were discriminated against for their religion and for their nationality.
Ana* and her husband, two hardworking Mexicans, paid a coyote to help them cross the Rio Grande into the United States ten years ago. They saw no future for their two young girls in Mexico and ...
Studying Abroad, Toilet Paper, And Other Exercises In Missing The Point, 2014 Gettysburg College
Studying Abroad, Toilet Paper, And Other Exercises In Missing The Point, Rashida Aluko-Roberts '15
I have been in Ghana only for a few days, and I can already tell I am going to love the place—the people, the food, the environment, all remind me of my home country, Sierra Leone.
However, I don’t think I can adjust to the constant uttering by some of my peers about how this experience “makes them appreciate how much they have.” In the past four days, I have heard that same phrase over and over again. [excerpt]
Knowing A Sexual Assault Victim Or Perpetrator: A Stratified Random Sample Of Undergraduates At One University, 2014 University of Pennsylvania
Knowing A Sexual Assault Victim Or Perpetrator: A Stratified Random Sample Of Undergraduates At One University, Susan B. Sorenson, Manisha Joshi, Elizabeth Sivitz
Departmental Papers (SPP)
Rape awareness and prevention programs are common on college campuses and a potentially useful way to reach large numbers of young adults. One largely unexamined potential mediator or moderator of program effectiveness is the personal knowledge of student audiences. In this study, we assess the prevalence of knowing a victim and, notably, a perpetrator of sexual assault. A stratified random sample of 2,400 undergraduates was recruited for an online survey about sexual assault. A total of 53.5% participated and yielded a sample representative of the student body. Sixteen questions were modified from the Sexual Experiences Survey to assess ...
Are We Colorblind? Perceiving Race On Campus, 2014 La Salle University
Are We Colorblind? Perceiving Race On Campus, Charles Gallagher, Maureen O'Connell
No abstract provided.
A Confession Of A Blonde Asian Girl, 2014 Gettysburg College
A Confession Of A Blonde Asian Girl, Michelle Lee '17
I never realized I was an Asian.
Nor was I aware I was from South Korea.
The thought of identifying myself as Asian was redundant for I was, indeed, from Asia where Asian people lived. So when I no longer lived amongst “my own people,” I was immediately labeled, “Asian.” However, I wasn’t exactly excited about the new label. Not that I was in denial of my Asian heritage, but I didn’t comprehend people’s continuous need to point out the obvious. Yes, I am Asian, but you are only looking at a microscopic part of me. My ...
Fearless: Emily Hauck, 2014 Gettysburg College
Fearless: Emily Hauck, Emily G. Hauck '14
Beginning with an interest in Spanish language that led her to Argentina and Spain, Emily decided to use the language skills she acquired during her gap year after high school and time spent studying abroad to get herself connected to the Latino community in Adams County. Volunteering with different organizations and programs like the LIU #12 Migrant Education Programs, Casa de la Cultura, and El Centro, Emily started seeing the big picture—making connections between the immigration stories, people she was meeting, and the greater national dialogue on immigration issues. [excerpt]
I'Ve Seen The Promised Land: A Letter To Amelia Boynton Robinson, 2014 Gettysburg College
I'Ve Seen The Promised Land: A Letter To Amelia Boynton Robinson, Mauricio E. Novoa '14
You asked if I had any thoughts or comments at the end of our visit, and I stood and said nothing. I opened my mouth, but instead of giving you words my throat was sealed by a dam of speechlessness while my eyes wept out all the emotions and heartache that I wanted to share with you. The others in my group were able to express their admiration, so I wanted to do the same. [excerpt]
Poverty Knowledge, Coercion, And Social Rights: A Discourse Ethical Contribution To Social Epistemology, 2014 Loyola University Chicago
Poverty Knowledge, Coercion, And Social Rights: A Discourse Ethical Contribution To Social Epistemology, David Ingram
Philosophy: Faculty Publications and Other Works
In today’s America the persistence of crushing poverty in the midst of staggering affluence no longer incites the righteous jeremiads it once did. Resigned acceptance of this paradox is fueled by a sense that poverty lies beyond the moral and technical scope of government remediation. The failure of experts to reach agreement on the causes of poverty merely exacerbates our despair. Are the causes internal to the poor – reflecting their more or less voluntary choices? Or do they emanate from structures beyond their control (but perhaps amenable to government remediation)? If both of these explanations are true (as I ...
The Interactions Of Ethnic Minorities In Beijing, 2014 SelectedWorks
The Interactions Of Ethnic Minorities In Beijing, Reza Hasmath
Drawing on six years of fieldwork in Beijing, this article looks at the daily interactions of ethnic minorities in local neighbourhoods and places of economic activities. Moreover, it examines ethnic minorities’ negotiations with public institutions, the Han majority and other ethnic minority groups. The article suggests that celebratory ethno-festivals and ethnic oriented restaurants that showcase minority traditions serve as a mechanism to encourage Han interactions with ethnic minority groups. However, the attendant risk in utilizing this practice is that the socio-economic struggles of many ethnic minority groups are being masked when a celebratory version of their culture and traditions are ...
But We’Re Not Laughing: White Male College Students’ Racial Joking And What This Says About “Post-Racial” Discourse, Nolan L. Cabrera
Nolan L. Cabrera
This study critically analyzes White male college student narratives regarding racial joking. Through semi-structured interviews, 29 participants described a pattern of behavior and rationalization: they heard and told racist jokes frequently; the jokes were framed as not racist; and the jokes were told only among White people, because the participants viewed minorities as overly sensitive. These students were far from post-racial (i.e., in a state where race no longer matters), despite the prevalence of this discourse, and this highlighted a shared responsibility in the perpetuation of racist practices among joke tellers, listeners, and institutions of higher education.
Cycling Historiography, Evidence, And Methods, 2014 University of Massachusetts Boston
Cycling Historiography, Evidence, And Methods, Lorenz J. Finison
Boston’s Cycling Craze, 1880-1900: A Story of Race, Sport, and Society
My purpose in Boston’s Cycling Craze, 1880-1900, was to unearth a largely hidden social cycling history from the point of view of the ordinary, not the famous. While there were many Boston connections to racing champions like Major Taylor, Eddie McDuffee, and Nat Butler, and there are abundant sources of evidence about them, the research was not just about them, nor just about bicycle racing, nor just about unique or fast bikes. I wanted to write about what bicycling meant to ordinary citizens of Boston and its surrounding towns— and to write about the worsening social climate of the ...
Teach With Me: The Promise Of A Raced Politic For Social Justice In College Classrooms, 2014 Iowa State University
Teach With Me: The Promise Of A Raced Politic For Social Justice In College Classrooms, Kirsten T. Edwards
Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis
This article considers the importance of a “raced politic” and students of color when teaching in predominantly White college classrooms. It highlights the ways unchallenged White supremacy limits socially-just practice. The author also discusses the ways student of color voices can serve as a pedagogical tool. Finally, drawing on the work of Freire (1970), the article offers a conceptual framework for understanding and promoting student of color voices in the work of social justice.
Public Assistance, Drug Testing, And The Law: The Limits Of Population-Based Legal Analysis, 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Public Assistance, Drug Testing, And The Law: The Limits Of Population-Based Legal Analysis, Candice T. Player
In Populations, Public Health and the Law, legal scholar Wendy Parmet urges courts to embrace population-based legal analysis, a public health inspired approach to legal reasoning. Parmet contends that population-based legal analysis offers a way to analyze legal issues—not unlike law and economics—as well as a set of values from which to critique contemporary legal discourse. Population-based analysis has been warmly embraced by the health law community as a bold new way of analyzing legal issues. Still, population-based analysis is not without its problems. At times, Parmet claims too much territory for the population perspective. Moreover, Parmet urges ...
“But I’M Oppressed Too”: White Male College Students Framing Racial Emotions As Facts And Recreating Racism, Nolan L. Cabrera
Nolan L. Cabrera
Most analyses of racism focus on what people think about issues of race and how this relates to racial stratification. This research applies Feagin’s white racial frame to analyze how White male college students at two universities feel about racism. Students at the academically non-selective and less diverse university tended to be apathetic while those attending the academically selective and more racially diverse campus tended to be angry. This study highlights the interconnectedness of affective and cognitive responses to race: two areas integral to both the maintenance and dismantling of systemic racism. It also highlights how men frequently frame ...
Culture, Caregiving, And Health: Exploring The Influence Of Culture On Family Caregiver Experiences, 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Culture, Caregiving, And Health: Exploring The Influence Of Culture On Family Caregiver Experiences, Jennifer Pharr, Carolee Dodge Francis, Christine Terry, Michele Clark
Department of Community Health Sciences
Ethnic minorities are expected to experience a greater demand for family caregiving than non-Latino Whites due to their projected population growth. Although the consensus of researchers on caregiving and culture finds that the caregiving experience differs significantly among cultural/ethnic groups, the question remains as to how cultural values and norms influence the caregiver experiences. We conducted an interpretative, phenomenological qualitative analysis of focus group transcripts from four groups (African American, Asian American, Hispanic American, and European American) for cultural influences on caregiving. Data were collected in Nevada between December 7, 2009, and August 20, 2010. Thirty-five caregivers participated in ...
Beyond Black And White: How White, Male, College Students See Their Asian American Peers, Nolan L. Cabrera
Nolan L. Cabrera
This research is a cross-site analysis of how white, male, college students see their Asian American peers. Semi-structured interviews with 43 white males were conducted at two universities that differed substantially in their representation of Asian American students. The interviews were theoretically framed by Critical Whiteness Studies and Bobo and Tuan’s conception of prejudice as group positioning. At the institution where Asian American population was higher (almost 1/3 of the undergraduate population), the participants described Asian Americans as not true minorities and blamed them for campus segregation, while also subscribing to many racial stereotypes about Asian Americans (e ...
Rural Latino Adolescent Health: Preliminary Examination Of Health Risks And Cultural Correlates, 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Rural Latino Adolescent Health: Preliminary Examination Of Health Risks And Cultural Correlates, Timothy D. Nelson, Katherine M. Kidwell, Brian E. Armenta, Lisa J. Crockett, Gustavo Carlo, Les B. Whitbeck
Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology
Latino adolescents living in rural settings may be at increased risk of health problems; however, data describing the health status of this population are limited. This study examined 60 rural Latino adolescents and found high rates of health risk, including at-risk/clinical results for hemoglobin A1C (23.3%), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (55%), systolic blood pressure (21.7%), and overweight/obesity (55%). Time in sedentary behaviors was high and physical activity was limited. Adolescent language use was associated with health risk status, with greater use of English associated with lower risk. Health psychologists could promote improved health by providing health behavior ...
Less Socially Engaged? Participation In Friendship And Extracurricular Activities Among Racial/Ethnic Minority And Immigrant Adolescents.”, Sebastian Cherng, Kristin Turney, Grace Kao
Background/Context: Prior research has linked social engagement, such as peer interaction and participation in school activities, to a host of positive outcomes for youth and adolescents. However, little research considers patterns of social engagement among racial/ethnic minority and immigrant adolescents, despite prior research suggesting distinct racial/ethnic and generational differences in social interactions among young people.
Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of Study: This paper examines patterns of social engagement in friendships and extracurricular activities among racial/ethnic minorities and immigrant adolescents. We analyze five measures of social engagement: having any friends, socializing with friends, participating in school ...
Transportation Needs Of Latinos In Pittsfield, Ma, 2014 University of Massachusetts Boston
Transportation Needs Of Latinos In Pittsfield, Ma, Daniela Bravo, Aida Palencia, Chanel Fields, Luis Natal, Francisco Rodriguez, Patricia Guardado, Edna Dacosta, Zaida Ismatul, Melissa Correa, July Suarez, Joseli Alonzo, Andrea Ornelas, Phillip Granberry, María Idalí Torres
Gastón Institute Publications
Latinos in Pittsfield are a small but fast growing population. The most significant issue they face is related to transportation. Because the area's lack of population density, Berkshire County Regional Transportation Authority provides limited bus routes. In Massachusetts in 2012, 72% of the population drove to work, while in Berkshire County 86% did. Likewise, in Massachusetts, 9% used public transit but in Berkshire County only 2% did. Massachusetts has failed to enact a Safe Driving Bill, even though Sen. Patricia Jehlen and Rep. Tricia Farley-Bouvier have sponsored H.3285.