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Quantitative, Qualitative, Comparative, and Historical Methodologies Commons

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Picture This: A Review Of Doing Visual Ethnography: Images, Media, And Representation In Research By Sarah Pink, Diana Riviera 2010 Nova Southeastern University

Picture This: A Review Of Doing Visual Ethnography: Images, Media, And Representation In Research By Sarah Pink, Diana Riviera

The Qualitative Report

In Doing Visual Ethnography: Images, Media, and Representation in Research, Pink (2001) provides the reader with an explanation of an innovative and interesting ethnographic method. She presents two of her research studies as examples. One, of women and bullfighting in Spain, and the other, related to economic inequalities in Guinea Bissau, show the reader the different ways that visual tools can be utilized and manipulated when paired with ethnographic research. She mentions the appropriateness of using photography, video, and hypermedia and why these serve as convenient tools; she also emphasizes the factors that produce the justifiable use for visual ethnography.


A Winning Combination For Business Researchers: A Review Of Qualitative Methods In Business Research, Jane Whitney Gibson 2010 Nova Southeastern University

A Winning Combination For Business Researchers: A Review Of Qualitative Methods In Business Research, Jane Whitney Gibson

The Qualitative Report

Qualitative Methods in Business Research by Paivi Eriksson and Anne Kovalainen is a comprehensive, current, and compelling text discussing both qualitative research in general and nine specific approaches in particular. These include: case studies, ethnography, grounded theory, focus group research, action research, narrative research, discursive research, critical research and feminist research. The reviewer identifies the considerable strengths of this book, which include its attention to the writing process that differentiates qualitative from quantitative research, and recommends the book as a solid resource for both students and practitioners.


Creative Combinations In Qualitative Inquiry, Robin Cooper 2010 Nova Southeastern University

Creative Combinations In Qualitative Inquiry, Robin Cooper

The Qualitative Report

In Qualitative Inquiry: Thematic, Narrative and Arts-Informed Perspectives, Lynn Butler-Kisber offers students of qualitative research a valuable resource that provides useful foundational information about both traditional and arts-based qualitative methods. At the same time, by bringing a discussion of these various methodological approaches together into one text, the book inspires possibilities for creative combinations in qualitative research design.


What Are The Issues Confronting Infertile Women? A Qualitative And Quantitative Approach, Katja Hämmerli, Hansjörg Znoj, Thomas Berger 2010 University of Bern

What Are The Issues Confronting Infertile Women? A Qualitative And Quantitative Approach, Katja Hämmerli, Hansjörg Znoj, Thomas Berger

The Qualitative Report

Infertility is a stressful experience, yet little is known about the specific issues confronting infertile women. In the present study, researchers sought to identify themes important to infertile women and examine possible associations with mental health levels. Using qualitative content analysis, researchers analyzed the email messages of 57 infertile women participating in a German-language Internet-based treatment for infertility. The themes most important to infertile women were emotions surrounding their wish for a child, coping with this unfulfilled wish, and medical aspects. Clinically anxious women reported substantially and significantly more negative and positive emotions than non-anxious women did (Mann-Whitney U(1 ...


A Composite Counterstorytelling: Memoirs Of African American Military Students In Hawaii Public Schools, Kimetta R. Hairston 2010 Penn State University-Harrisburg

A Composite Counterstorytelling: Memoirs Of African American Military Students In Hawaii Public Schools, Kimetta R. Hairston

The Qualitative Report

There are social, educational and behavioral problems for African American students in Hawaii public schools. Utilizing Critical Race Theory as a lens for analysis, the perceptions and experiences of these students regarding race, ethnic identity, military lineage, and self-definition are addressed. A composite counterstory of the researcher's and 115 African American students' experiences and reflections is portrayed through two siblings' memoirs. The impact of the counterstory challenges readers to see similar themes, perceptions, and experiences of being Black, military- affiliated, and a student in Hawaii in a story format as all events are integrated into two experiences, one male ...


Phd Students' Experiences Of Thesis Supervision In Malaysia: Managing Relationships In The Midst Of Institutional Change, Steven Eric Krauss, Ismi Arif Ismail 2010 Universiti Putra Malaysia

Phd Students' Experiences Of Thesis Supervision In Malaysia: Managing Relationships In The Midst Of Institutional Change, Steven Eric Krauss, Ismi Arif Ismail

The Qualitative Report

Despite the plethora of studies that have been conducted on PhD supervision, little qualitative investigation has been conducted with a diverse, non-Western sample of doctoral students in an attempt to understand how the supervisory relationship is experienced. In response, eighteen students from diverse, non-Western backgrounds studying at one Malaysian research university were interviewed. Results illuminated the theme of "management" of the supervisory experience and included two streams:(a) acceptance of the situation, and (b) response to the situation so as to optimize their experience. The two major themes further included four sub-themes that included managing personal relations, time and accessibility ...


From Qualitative Dissertation To Quality Articles: Seven Lessons Learned, Glenn A. Bowen 2010 Western Carolina University

From Qualitative Dissertation To Quality Articles: Seven Lessons Learned, Glenn A. Bowen

The Qualitative Report

New scholars frequently face an immense challenge in writing papers for publication. Qualitative research novices, in particular, experience frustration in getting peer-reviewed papers published in top-tier journals. This article is a primer on converting a dissertation based on qualitative research into a journal article. It summarizes seven lessons, learned over a five-year period, about getting published. The lessons focus attention on manuscript content and style, the publication process, and working relationships.


A Pilot Study Of Nurses' Experience Of Giving Spiritual Care, Belinda Deal 2010 The University of Texas at Tyler

A Pilot Study Of Nurses' Experience Of Giving Spiritual Care, Belinda Deal

The Qualitative Report

Using spiritual and religious resources gives patients and families strength to cope during a crisis, but nurses often do not offer spiritual care (Kloosterhouse & Ames, 2002). The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore nurses" lived experience of giving spiritual care. A descriptive phenomenological approach was used to interview 4 nurses. Data were analyzed using Colaizzi's (1978) phenomenological method. Five themes were identified: spiritual care is patient-centered, spiritual care is an important part of nursing, spiritual care can be simple to give, spiritual care is not expected but is welcomed by patients, and spiritual care is given by ...


A Sex-Based Examination Of Violence And Aggression Perceptions Among Adolescents: An Interactive Qualitative Analysis, Tammy Jordan Wyatt 2010 University of Texas at San Antonio

A Sex-Based Examination Of Violence And Aggression Perceptions Among Adolescents: An Interactive Qualitative Analysis, Tammy Jordan Wyatt

The Qualitative Report

In this study I examine the critical factors and themes that are identified as salient influencers of overt and relational aggression among youth. Sex differences and similarities associated with such adolescent perceptions are assessed. Forty-eight ethnically diverse youth between the ages of 14 and 16 years participated in sex-specific focus groups and individual interviews. Sex-Specific Systems Influence Diagrams (SID), models of influences and outcomes, were created using the Interactive Qualitative Analysis methods (Northcutt & McCoy, 2004). Study findings suggest that the critical influences on violent and aggressive behavior, peer relationships, popularity, and emotions, are sex-specific. By examining and understanding such influences ...


Experienced Secondary Teachers' Perceptions Of Engagement And Effectiveness: A Guide To Professional Development, Denise Meister 2010 Penn State Harrisburg

Experienced Secondary Teachers' Perceptions Of Engagement And Effectiveness: A Guide To Professional Development, Denise Meister

The Qualitative Report

The purpose of this research is to describe a qualitative research study of experienced high school educators who have remained motivated and highly engaged in their teaching. Ten high school teachers who have been called "the best" by their administrators and fellow teachers were interviewed to ascertain common traits that can serve as a framework for providing professional development to assist teachers in the work force, as well as bring their voice to the National Reform Movement. The following themes emerged: teachers are ambivalent to administrative leadership as an important influence in their work; colleagues are their support network; and ...


Using Qualitative Data To Refine A Logic Model For The Cornell Family Development Credential Program, Betsy Crane 2010 Widener University

Using Qualitative Data To Refine A Logic Model For The Cornell Family Development Credential Program, Betsy Crane

The Qualitative Report

Human service practitioners face challenges in communicating how their programs lead to desired outcomes. One framework for representation that is now widely used in the field of program evaluation is the program logic model. This article presents an example of how qualitative data were used to refine a logic model for the Cornell Family Development Training and Credentialing (FDC) Program. This interagency training program teaches a strengths-based, family support, empowerment-oriented approach to the helping relationship. Analysis of the qualitative data gathered from interviews and focus groups with stakeholders led to revisions and further development of the program's initial logic ...


Making Meaning Together: An Exploratory Study Of Therapeutic Conversation Between Helping Professionals And Homeless Shelter Residents, Christine A. Walsh, Gayle E. Rutherford, Kristina N. (Ahosaari) Sarafincian, Sabine E. R. Sellmer 2010 University of Calgary

Making Meaning Together: An Exploratory Study Of Therapeutic Conversation Between Helping Professionals And Homeless Shelter Residents, Christine A. Walsh, Gayle E. Rutherford, Kristina N. (Ahosaari) Sarafincian, Sabine E. R. Sellmer

The Qualitative Report

This exploratory study examined the nature of therapeutic conversation between helping professionals and homeless persons as an intervention to optimize health. Meaningful conversation occurred in relationships where there was a sense of connection and the presence of rapport. Emergent facilitators of therapeutic conversation included respectful engagement, casual nature of conversation, alternative settings for therapeutic conversation, effective listening, and establishing trust. Barriers included prejudging homeless persons, fear of punishment and authority, and academic and professional intimidation. Central to the study findings was the acknowledgement of the client's personhood. Acknowledgement of personhood is a critical element in engagement between homeless persons ...


An Evaluation Of A Development Program For New Principals, John F. Eller 2010 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

An Evaluation Of A Development Program For New Principals, John F. Eller

The Qualitative Report

The evaluation of a program designed to assist principals recently appointed to their positions is the focus of this article. Researchers conducted a variety of qualitative assessments including focus group interviews, a review of training session feedback forms, participant reflective writing, and an assessment of training materials and program agendas. Researchers analyzed this data to look for aspects of participant knowledge, skills, and applications of program information. Participant feedback provided insights into program benefits and needed refinements. Article provides insights into assessment tools that people responsible for delivering principal support programs could consider to provide them with a more comprehensive ...


Practicing Reflexivity In The Study Of Italian Migrants In London, Francesca Romana Seganti 2010 London Metropolitan University

Practicing Reflexivity In The Study Of Italian Migrants In London, Francesca Romana Seganti

The Qualitative Report

This article discusses the centrality of reflexivity in qualitative research through examples from my study on the role new media play in the lives of Italians in London. My hypothesis was that Italians were "in transit" in London and they were using new media to build "temporary" communities. I conducted in-depth interviews with members of the Italianialondra.com online community. I found they settled in London and the online community, instead of supporting "nomadic" identities, was used for re-territorialization. Through reflexivity I was able to determine the reasons for a partially wrong hypothesis. I also identified biases that clouded my ...


Using Qualitative Research To Identify And Address The Unique Needs Of Caregivers Of Persons With Alzheimer's Disease, Breanda K. Wheeler 2010 Nova Southeastern University

Using Qualitative Research To Identify And Address The Unique Needs Of Caregivers Of Persons With Alzheimer's Disease, Breanda K. Wheeler

The Qualitative Report

This paper reviews articles describing qualitative research that explores the unique needs of caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease. Qualitative research methodologies used in these studies include hermeneutic phenomenology, descriptive studies with focus groups, and individual interviews. Researchers identified needs and concerns unique to caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease including the need for knowledge about the disease, care recipient and caregiver issues, resource needs, and coping post-nursing home placement. Suggestions for addressing the needs were given by study participants. Implications for nurses and other professionals working with caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease were addressed. The ...


Simulation In Nursing Education: A Review Of The Research, Pamela G. Sanford 2010 Nova Southeastern University

Simulation In Nursing Education: A Review Of The Research, Pamela G. Sanford

The Qualitative Report

Simulation in education has been used at least since the time of World War II. Simulation in nursing education in the form of static manikins, role playing, CPR manikins, and other techniques has also been utilized as a teaching modality for quite some time. High-fidelity simulation is a relatively new area in nursing education and utilizes high technology simulation monitors and computers. This technology offers new avenues for teaching student nurses scenarios as well as critical thinking and reflection on lived experience and practice. However, the outcome research in the area of high-fidelity simulation in nursing education is limited at ...


Conducting A Focus Group, Barbara Packer-Muti 2010 Nova Southeastern University

Conducting A Focus Group, Barbara Packer-Muti

The Qualitative Report

Conducting focus groups seems to be a process that is practically intuitive. However, this key practice in qualitative research requires that a novice facilitator must do his or her homework. This article describes the process by which I became more cognizant of the tools necessary to be successful in planning and running focus groups. The article provides information about books and articles that were useful in providing practical information. It also details the use of the "learning-by-doing" journey embarked upon at my institution, whereby we conducted 56 town hall meetings over a four month time period using a focus group ...


Using Message Boards To Conduct Online Focus Groups, David Deggs, Kenda Grover, Kit Kacirek 2010 University of Arkansas

Using Message Boards To Conduct Online Focus Groups, David Deggs, Kenda Grover, Kit Kacirek

The Qualitative Report

Geographic dispersion of research subjects can make traditional face-to-face focus groups difficult if not impractical to conduct. Online focus groups have many advantages such as enabling researchers to save costs, allowing for more efficient collection of data, and allowing researchers to accommodate research subjects' schedules. However, online focus groups require greater skill on the part of the researcher and research subjects alike. This manuscript chronicles the process that we recently used to conduct an online focus group using a message board system with graduate students enrolled in an online degree program. We explain the processes that were followed in conducting ...


Forest Governance In India: Collective Rights And Claims In The Forest Rights Act, Prakash Kashwan 2010 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Forest Governance In India: Collective Rights And Claims In The Forest Rights Act, Prakash Kashwan

Prakash Kashwan

The note is intended as an intervention within an ongoing policy debate around questions of forest governance in India. The need to keep this note short has forced the author to assume readers’ familiarity with these debates. Given this, some readers may be interested in the reports on Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006 available at http://www.forestrights.nic.in/ and

http://www.forestrightsact.com/

Research support from the International Foundation for Science, Stockholm, and the Ford Foundation, New Delhi is gratefully acknowledged. The author is thankful to Rajesh Ramakrishnan, Shankar Gopalakrishnan, Suneel

Padale, Ajit Menon, Daniel Taghioff, and Forrest ...


Terrorism In Pakistan: Incident Patterns, Terrorists’ Characteristics, And The Impact Of Terrorist Arrests On Terrorism, Syed Ejaz Hussain 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Terrorism In Pakistan: Incident Patterns, Terrorists’ Characteristics, And The Impact Of Terrorist Arrests On Terrorism, Syed Ejaz Hussain

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation, in a 3-paper format, uses three data sets to study three aspects of terrorism in Pakistan. In the first paper, using data from the GTD, I describe empirically the temporal and spatial patterns of terrorism incidents in Pakistan from 1974 to 2007. In addition, I also describe the patterns in target types, weapon types and terrorist types and the patterns prior to and following the U.S.-led invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. Analysis methods include the univariate time series, descriptive statistics and the GIS. The study offers new insights on the measurement of terrorism, the cyclical nature ...


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