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71,573 full-text articles. Page 1815 of 1819.

Scholar-Baller: Student Athlete Socialization, Motivation, And Academic Performance In American Society, Keith Harrison 2009 University of Central Florida

Scholar-Baller: Student Athlete Socialization, Motivation, And Academic Performance In American Society, Keith Harrison

Dr. C. Keith Harrison

No abstract provided.


Spatial Inequality As Constitutional Infirmity: Equal Protection, Child Poverty And Place, Lisa R. Pruitt 2009 University of California, Davis

Spatial Inequality As Constitutional Infirmity: Equal Protection, Child Poverty And Place, Lisa R. Pruitt

Lisa R Pruitt

This is the first in a series of articles that maps legal conceptions of (in)equality onto the socio-geographical concept of spatial inequality, with a view to generating legal remedies for those living in places marked by socioeconomic disadvantage. Written for a symposium on “rural law,” this article considers in particular whether the funding and delivery of government services at the county level in the state of Montana violate the state’s constitution because of the grossly disparate abilities among Montana counties to finance and provide such services. Pruitt’s analysis focuses on children as a particularly vulnerable and immobile ...


A Critical Race Analysis Of The Hiring Process For Head Coaches In Ncaa College Football, Keith Harrison 2009 University of Central Florida

A Critical Race Analysis Of The Hiring Process For Head Coaches In Ncaa College Football, Keith Harrison

Dr. C. Keith Harrison

In this article, we respond to Singer’s (2005) challenge to sport management scholars to consider race-based epistemologies in conducting certain kinds of research in the field, as we use critical race theory (CRT) as a framework to analyze the Black Coaches & Administrators (BCA) Hiring Report Card (HRC) (Harrison & Yee, 2009). The BCA HRC was created as a result of the access discrimination that has historically taken place in college sport (Brooks & Althouse, 2000; Cunningham & Sagas, 2005), which has consequently contributed to the underrepresentation of racial minorities in the head coach position in college football. The HRC places the hiring process of predominantly white institutions of higher education (PWIHE) under public scrutiny, with the ultimate goal of changing the decision-making process when these institutions hire head football coaches. This article utilizes CRT ...


Alcohol Use And The Labor Market In Uruguay, Michael T. French, Ana I. Balsa 2009 University of Miami

Alcohol Use And The Labor Market In Uruguay, Michael T. French, Ana I. Balsa

Michael T. French

This paper is one of only a few studies to examine potential labor market consequences of heavy or abusive drinking in Latin America and the first to focus on Uruguay. We analyzed data from a Uruguayan household survey conducted in 2006 using propensity score matching methods and controlling for a number of socio-demographic, family, regional, behavioral health, and labor market characteristics. As expected, we found a positive association between heavy drinking and absenteeism, particularly for female employees. Counter to the findings for developed countries, our results revealed a positive relationship between heavy drinking and labor force participation or employment. This ...


Making The Connection: Latino Immigrants And Their Cross-Border Ties, Roger D. Waldinger, Thomas Soehl 2009 University of California, Los Angeles

Making The Connection: Latino Immigrants And Their Cross-Border Ties, Roger D. Waldinger, Thomas Soehl

Roger D Waldinger

This paper uses the Pew Hispanic Center’s 2006 National Survey of Latinos to study the everyday, routine cross-border activities of travel, remittance sending, and telephone communication among Latin American immigrants in the United States. We ask how migrants vary in the intensity of their cross-border connections, distinguishing among the transmigrants, those captured by the host country national social field, and those who maintain some ongoing home-country tie. We then examine the characteristics associated both with variations in the intensity of connectedess and with each specific type of connection. We show that most migrants maintain some degree of home country ...


Review Of The Woman In The Zoot Suit: Gender, Nationalism, And The Cultural Politics Of Memory By Catherine S. Ramírez, Richard Mora 2009 Occidental College

Review Of The Woman In The Zoot Suit: Gender, Nationalism, And The Cultural Politics Of Memory By Catherine S. Ramírez, Richard Mora

Richard Mora

No abstract provided.


The Multidimensional Structure Of Gottfredson And Hirschi's Concept Of Self-Control, Gang Lee 2009 University of Texas at El Paso

The Multidimensional Structure Of Gottfredson And Hirschi's Concept Of Self-Control, Gang Lee

Gang Lee

The purpose of this study is to determine the unidimensionality of Grasmick’s operationalization of Gottfredson and Hirschi’s criminality inducing the concept of low self-control. By applying confirmatory factor analysis procedures that incorporate advances in the application, the proposed six factor model and two alternative models were examined suggesting that Grasmick’s low self-control scale actually contains 6 distinguishable factors, not a single factor. The factors identified to be consistent with the six factor model were impulsivity, simple tasks, risk seeking, physical activities, self-centered, and temper.


Economic Evaluation Of A Prerelease Substance Abuse Treatment Program For Repeat Criminal Offenders, Michael T. French, Hai Fang, Ralph Fretz 2009 University of Miami

Economic Evaluation Of A Prerelease Substance Abuse Treatment Program For Repeat Criminal Offenders, Michael T. French, Hai Fang, Ralph Fretz

Michael T. French

Substance use disorders are common conditions among repeat criminal offenders. Without addressing these underlying substance use behaviors, parolees are significantly more likely to recidivate within 1 year of release. New Jersey is one of the first states to actively pursue substance abuse treatment options for inmates who are in the final stages of their sentences. Given the fiscal realities of taxpayer-supported programs, such initiatives must clearly demonstrate economic benefits for sustainability and growth. This article conducted one of the few comprehensive economic evaluations of prerelease substance abuse treatment to determine whether Community Education Centers' programs in New Jersey generated desirable ...


The Urgency Of Building Oromo National Consensus, Asafa Jalata 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Urgency Of Building Oromo National Consensus, Asafa Jalata

Asafa Jalata

First, the paper explains how some political achievements without strong organizational and institutional structures have increased political crises in the Oromo national movement. Second, it identifies and explores external and internal factors that have hampered the development of the Oromo national consensus. Third, it suggests what Oromo activists and political organizations should do to overcome their ideological and political weaknesses and political ineptness to develop a national declaration that will be the central guiding principle of the Oromo national movement for human liberation and sovereignty in Oromia and beyond.


Ceo Compensation At Tarp Institutions, Karl T. Muth 2009 University of Chicago

Ceo Compensation At Tarp Institutions, Karl T. Muth

Karl T Muth

This is a PowerPoint presentation given at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business on March 10, 2010. It requires the newest version of Microsoft PowerPoint.


Alcohol Consumption And Body Weight, M T. French, E C. Norton, H Fang, J C. Maclean 2009 University of Miami

Alcohol Consumption And Body Weight, M T. French, E C. Norton, H Fang, J C. Maclean

Michael T. French

The number of Americans who are overweight or obese has reached epidemic proportions. Elevated weight is associated with health problems and increased medical expenditures. This paper analyzes Waves 1 and 2 of the National Epidemiological Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions to investigate the role of alcohol consumption in weight gain. Alcohol is not only an addictive substance but also a high-calorie beverage that can interfere with metabolic function and cognitive processes. Because men and women differ in the type and amount of alcohol they consume, in the biological effects they experience as a result of alcohol consumption, and in ...


Gender Differences In The Correlates Of Volunteering And Charitable Giving, Christopher J. Einolf 2009 DePaul University

Gender Differences In The Correlates Of Volunteering And Charitable Giving, Christopher J. Einolf

Christopher J Einolf

Psychological research has found that women score higher on most measures of the traits, motivations, and values that predict helping others, and women are more likely to help family and friends. However, sex differences in the institutional helping behaviors of volunteering and charitable giving are small. This paper seeks to explain this apparent contradiction with the hypotheses that men have more resources and more social capital than women, which compensates for their lower level of motivation. The paper tests these hypotheses using data from the 1995 Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) survey. The data show partial support for these ...


An Analysis Of Desegregation Policy And Disparities In Faculty Salary And Workload At An Historically Black And Predominantly White Institutions In Maryland, Robert T. Palmer, Kimberly A. Griffin 2009 The Pennsylvania State University

An Analysis Of Desegregation Policy And Disparities In Faculty Salary And Workload At An Historically Black And Predominantly White Institutions In Maryland, Robert T. Palmer, Kimberly A. Griffin

Robert T. Palmer, PhD

Although ambiguity exists regarding how states must respond to the mandates of Fordice to dismantle dual systems of education in previously segregated states, several scholars note Fordice should manifest itself in the enhancement of public Black colleges. Responding to Fordice, the state of Maryland entered into an agreement with the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) to make its Black colleges comparable with their White counterparts. While Maryland claims that it has satisfied its agreement with OCR, findings of this study challenge this assertion. Data from AAUP, University System of Maryland [USM], and the Morgan State Office of Institutional research show ...


Victimization In Early Life And Mental Health In Adulthood: An Examination Of The Mediating And Moderating Influences Of Psychosocial Resources, Michael T. French, Terrence D. Hill, Lauren M. Kaplan, Robert J. Johnson 2009 University of Miami

Victimization In Early Life And Mental Health In Adulthood: An Examination Of The Mediating And Moderating Influences Of Psychosocial Resources, Michael T. French, Terrence D. Hill, Lauren M. Kaplan, Robert J. Johnson

Michael T. French

Although numerous studies have documented the long-term effects of childhood victimization on mental health in adulthood, few have directly examined potential mediators and moderators of this association. Using data from the Welfare, Children, and Families project (1999)—a probability sample of 2,402 predominantly black and Hispanic low-income women with children living in Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio—we predict psychological distress in adulthood with measures of physical assault and sexual coercion before age 18. Building on previous research, we test the mediating and moderating influences of emotional support, instrumental support, and self-esteem. Although we observe no indirect effects of ...


Urban Centers In Oromia: Consequences Of Spatial Concentration Of Power In Multinational Ethiopia, Asafa Jalata 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Urban Centers In Oromia: Consequences Of Spatial Concentration Of Power In Multinational Ethiopia, Asafa Jalata

Asafa Jalata

This paper examines the essence and characteristics of cities and urban centers in Oromia and the major consequences of the centralization and spatial concentration of Habasha (Amhara-Tigray) political power in a multinational Ethiopia. It speci!cally demonstrates how the integration of indigenous Oromo towns into the Ethiopian colonial structure and the formation of garrison and non-garrison cities and towns in Oromia consolidated Habasha political domination over the Oromo people. Ethiopian colonial structure limited the access of Oromo urban residents, who are a minority in their own cities and towns, to institutions and opportunities, such as employment, education, health, mass media ...


The Urgency Of Building Oromo National Consensus, Asafa Jalata 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Urgency Of Building Oromo National Consensus, Asafa Jalata

Asafa Jalata

No abstract provided.


The Urgency Of Building Oromo National Consensus, Asafa Jalata 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Urgency Of Building Oromo National Consensus, Asafa Jalata

Asafa Jalata

First, the paper explains how some political achievements without strong organizational and institutional structures have increased political crises in the Oromo national movement. Second, it identifies and explores external and internal factors that have hampered the development of the Oromo national consensus. Third, it suggests what Oromo activists and political organizations should do to overcome their ideological and political weaknesses and political ineptness to develop a national declaration that will be the central guiding principle of the Oromo national movement for human liberation and sovereignty in Oromia and beyond.


The Tigrayan-Led The Ethiopian State, Repression, Terrorism, And Gross Human Rights Violations In Oromia And Ethiopia, Asafa Jalata 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Tigrayan-Led The Ethiopian State, Repression, Terrorism, And Gross Human Rights Violations In Oromia And Ethiopia, Asafa Jalata

Asafa Jalata

The Tigrayan-led Ethiopian government has engaged in state terrorism and genocide with the support of global powers, including the US, countries of emerging economy like China and India, global institutions like the World Bank and the IMF; it has massacred, assassinated, imprisoned, and tortured millions of Oromos and members other colonized peoples. Millions of Oromos have been also evicted and replaced by thugs and thieves who have no morality and conscience.


Desigualdad En El Ingreso Como Determinante Social De La Salud [Income Inequality As A Social Determinant Of Health], Fernando De Maio 2009 Simon Fraser University

Desigualdad En El Ingreso Como Determinante Social De La Salud [Income Inequality As A Social Determinant Of Health], Fernando De Maio

Fernando De Maio

A pesar de la vasta literatura empírica, no se alcanzó un consenso respecto de los efectos en la salud derivados de la desigualdad en el ingreso. Este estudio se suma a los debates en curso y analiza la solidez de la relación entre la desigualdad del ingreso y la salud de la población en la Argentina, valiéndose de cinco índices diferentes para medir la desigualdad en el ingreso (cada uno de ellos, sensible a las desigualdades en las distintas partes del espectro del ingreso) y cinco mediciones de la salud de la población. Este trabajo está basado en la Encuesta ...


Immigration As Pathogenic: A Systematic Review Of The Health Of Immigrants To Canada, Fernando De Maio 2009 Simon Fraser University

Immigration As Pathogenic: A Systematic Review Of The Health Of Immigrants To Canada, Fernando De Maio

Fernando De Maio

This review investigates the health of immigrants to Canada by critically examining differences in health status between immigrants and the native-born population and by tracing how the health of immigrants changes after settling in the country. Fifty-one published empirical studies met the inclusion criteria for this review. The analysis focuses on four inter-related questions: (1) Which health conditions show transition effects and which do not? (2) Do health transitions vary by ethnicity/racialized identity? (3) How are health transitions influenced by socioeconomic status? and (4) How do compositional and contextual factors interact to affect the health of immigrants? Theoretical and ...


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