Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1233 Full-Text Articles 2018 Authors 485333 Downloads 144 Institutions

All Articles in Medicine and Health

Faceted Search

1233 full-text articles. Page 41 of 44.

The Influence Of College Student Identity And Beliefs About Alcohol And The College Experience On Students’ Drinking Behavior, Katherine Novak 2011 Butler University

The Influence Of College Student Identity And Beliefs About Alcohol And The College Experience On Students’ Drinking Behavior, Katherine Novak

Katherine B. Novak

Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Sociological Society, St. Louis, MO, March 24-27, 2011.


A State-In-Society Approach To The Nonprofit Sector: Welfare Services In Japan, Mary Alice Haddad 2011 Wesleyan University

A State-In-Society Approach To The Nonprofit Sector: Welfare Services In Japan, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

This article uses the case of Japan to advocate for a new theoretical approach to the study of the nonprofit sector. In particular, it examines how theoretical models based on the European and North American experiences have difficulty explaining the relationship between the nonprofit sector and the state in Japan, and argues that a state-in-society approach is better suited to explaining complex state–society relations in diverse cultural contexts. It does this by examining the evolution of social welfare service provision in Japan. This article is motivated to explain an apparent paradox: Japan’s recent efforts toward greater government decentralization ...


Integrity House: The Addict As A Total Institution, Kenneth Colburn 2011 Butler University

Integrity House: The Addict As A Total Institution, Kenneth Colburn

Kenneth D. Colburn

The Integrity House approach to rehabilitation is an apolitical, myth-oriented method reinforcing the pseudo psychological notion that addiction is exclusively the problem of the addict. Blame is placed solely on the addict; neither social ills nor any other factors share the responsibility for drug abuse.


Anthrofest 2011, Jennifer McAuley, Elaine Yang, Molly Hude, Sascha Murillo, Hayley Germack, Madeleine Macks, Myles Karp, Paul Mitchell, Lydia Gau, Cassandra Turcotte, Kym Cole, Sarah MacIntosh, Catalina Villamil, Lauren Kapsalakis 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Anthrofest 2011, Jennifer Mcauley, Elaine Yang, Molly Hude, Sascha Murillo, Hayley Germack, Madeleine Macks, Myles Karp, Paul Mitchell, Lydia Gau, Cassandra Turcotte, Kym Cole, Sarah Macintosh, Catalina Villamil, Lauren Kapsalakis

Anthrofest

The University of Pennsylvania anthropology annual undergraduate research conference known as ANTHROFEST brings together undergraduates involved in research across all concentrations in anthropology, as well as faculty and the broader undergraduate and graduate community. Each year, select students present and discuss their original research to the community at Penn. The conference is open to the public.


Universal Or Indicated Screening In Primary Care?, Matthew Wintersteen, MD 2011 Thomas Jefferson University

Universal Or Indicated Screening In Primary Care?, Matthew Wintersteen, Md

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Faculty Papers

To the Editor: In the November 2010 issue, Schmitt and colleagues (1) reported that the duration of visits increased when depression screening was conducted in primary care. This report is timely given recent recommendations for both adult and pediatric screening for depression in primary care. Schmitt and colleagues examined data representative of more than 641 million primary care visits in2005–2007 and found that when depression screening was documented in patients’ records, physicians’ time with patients increased significantly.


Mental Health Services And Alternative Schools, Chasity D. Johnson 2011 Marshall University

Mental Health Services And Alternative Schools, Chasity D. Johnson

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

With the number of children being placed into alternative school settings growing, it is of interest to know if mental health services are a beneficial addition to the traditional alternative programs. To research this issue, case studies of 48 children who had attended an alternative school were assessed. Participants included 48 students, half of whom had received only alternative school services while the other half had received alternative school services in addition to mental health services during their alternative school placement. Findings show no significant correlation between the hours of mental health services received and any of the following variables ...


Trauma In The Mind And Pain In The Body: Mind-Body Interactions In Psychogenic Pain, Sima Atarodi, Steven Hosier 2011 Bangor University

Trauma In The Mind And Pain In The Body: Mind-Body Interactions In Psychogenic Pain, Sima Atarodi, Steven Hosier

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Psychogenic pain is a kind of pain in which no organic or structural cause is found. The main mechanism proposed for the development of this condition is psychological trauma and suppression of painful emotions. Actually when a person encounters unacceptable and unbearable events, it evokes unpleasant emotions like anger and fear. If the person cannot accept and express these emotions, as a defensive mechanism, the memory of them becomes dissociated from mainstream consciousness and are suppressed in the person’s unconscious. They are consolidated in the procedural memory and traumatize the person. Every physical, emotional and somatosensory stimulus that can ...


Dissociative Experiences In Health And Disease, Shahram Rafieian, Steven Hosier 2011 Bangor University

Dissociative Experiences In Health And Disease, Shahram Rafieian, Steven Hosier

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Historically, the concept of dissociation was mainly developed by the French psychologist, philosopher and medical doctor Pierre Janet. He suggested that it is possible for a group of thoughts, feelings and memories to become dissociated from the mainstream consciousness of the person and function independently. This concept was further developed by other psychologists like Morton Prince, William James and Carl Gustavo Jung. But, under the influence of Freudian psychoanalysis and Skinnerian Behaviourism, it was neglected for a period of time. After World War II, the interest in hypnosis for the treatment of the soldiers who were traumatized psychologically during the ...


Dying Today: Perspectives Of The Modern Hospice Worker, Nicholas Jay Mac Murray 2011 Minnesota State University - Mankato

Dying Today: Perspectives Of The Modern Hospice Worker, Nicholas Jay Mac Murray

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

From a sociological standpoint, death is relatively difficult to research. While some individuals may describe near-death experiences, the actual act of death cannot be fully known to the living. The purpose of this study is to gain insight into the nature of death and dying in the United States today. This research examines the perspective of modern hospice workers. These individuals work near death on a regular basis and therefore have a privileged understanding of what death is like in US society today. Data consist of ten in-depth interviews with hospice/ palliative-care workers in the Midwestern United States. Respondents were ...


Society In Crisis: A Critical Perspective On Health Care And Distribution Ofhealth Status In The United States, Curtis D. Hosier 2011 Western Michigan University

Society In Crisis: A Critical Perspective On Health Care And Distribution Ofhealth Status In The United States, Curtis D. Hosier

Dissertations

This research examines U. S. health status both internationally and domestically utilizing indicators infant mortality, life expectancy at birth, and maternal mortality data as comparison. This research compares U.S. health status data with OECD country data to ascertain U.S. rankings internationally. Also, this research examines the distribution of health status within and between sex, class, and racial groups in the U.S. to further the discussion that health status is unequally distributed in the United States. This research found the U.S. ranked in the lowest quartile in each of the health status variables examined internationally. This research ...


High-Risk Human Papillomavirus (Hpv) Screening And Detection In Normal, Healthy Patient Saliva Samples: A Pilot Cluster Randomized Study, Deirdre O. Turner, Shelley J. Williams-Cocks, Ryan Bullen, Jeremy Catmull, Jesse Falk, Daniel Martin, Jerom Mauer, Annabel E. Barber, Robert C. Wang, Shawn Gerstenberger, Karl Kingsley 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

High-Risk Human Papillomavirus (Hpv) Screening And Detection In Normal, Healthy Patient Saliva Samples: A Pilot Cluster Randomized Study, Deirdre O. Turner, Shelley J. Williams-Cocks, Ryan Bullen, Jeremy Catmull, Jesse Falk, Daniel Martin, Jerom Mauer, Annabel E. Barber, Robert C. Wang, Shawn Gerstenberger, Karl Kingsley

Environmental & Occupational Health Faculty Publications

Background: The human papillomaviruses (HPV) are a large family of non-enveloped DNA viruses, mainly associated with cervical cancers. Recent epidemiologic evidence has suggested that HPV may be an independent risk factor for oropharyngeal cancers. Evidence now suggests HPV may modulate the malignancy process in some tobacco- and alcohol-induced oropharynx tumors, but might also be the primary oncogenic factor for inducing carcinogenesis among some non-smokers. More evidence, however, is needed regarding oral HPV prevalence among healthy adults to estimate risk. The goal of this study was to perform an HPV screening of normal healthy adults to assess oral HPV prevalence.

Methods ...


The Journal's 10 Year Anniversary - Looking Back And Moving Forward, Phyllis Braudy Harris, John Keady 2011 John Carroll University

The Journal's 10 Year Anniversary - Looking Back And Moving Forward, Phyllis Braudy Harris, John Keady

Sociology

No abstract provided.


Breast Cancer Trends Among Kentucky Women, 2004-2007, Kara Ann Hagan 2011 University of Kentucky

Breast Cancer Trends Among Kentucky Women, 2004-2007, Kara Ann Hagan

Theses and Dissertations--Dietetics and Human Nutrition

The purpose of this study is to investigate the discrepancies of female breast cancer mortality between the Appalachian and Non-Appalachian regions of Kentucky using data from the Kentucky Cancer Registry. This study identified subtype, reproductive, and regional differences in women with breast cancer in Kentucky. Among women with breast cancer living in Kentucky from 2004 to 2007, one and three live births significantly increased a woman’s risk of breast cancer mortality by 91% and 58% respectively, compared to a woman with zero live births. Progesterone receptornegative tumor status significantly increased a woman’s risk of breast cancer mortality by ...


Stigmatization As A Social Control Mechanism For Persons Living With Hiv And Aids, Judy E. Mill, Nancy Edwards, Randy C. Jackson, Lynne MacLean, Jean Chaw-Kant 2011 Western University

Stigmatization As A Social Control Mechanism For Persons Living With Hiv And Aids, Judy E. Mill, Nancy Edwards, Randy C. Jackson, Lynne Maclean, Jean Chaw-Kant

Aboriginal Policy Research Consortium International (APRCi)

Stigmatization contributes to inequity by marginalizing persons living with HIV and AIDS (PHAs). In this study we examined the stigmatizing practices in health care settings from the perspectives of PHAs and health care providers (HCPs). A qualitative design, using a participatory action research approach, was used. Interviews and focus groups were completed with 16 aboriginal and 17 nonaboriginal individuals living with HIV (APHAs and PHAs) and 27 HCPs in Ottawa and Edmonton, Canada. We present findings to support the premise that stigmatization can be used as a social control mechanism with PHAs. Participants described both active and passive social control ...


Epistemic Fault Lines In Biomedical And Social Approaches To Hiv Prevention, Barry D. Adam 2011 University of Windsor

Epistemic Fault Lines In Biomedical And Social Approaches To Hiv Prevention, Barry D. Adam

Sociology, Anthropology, and Criminology Publications

This paper raises the question of how knowledge creation is organized in the area of HIV prevention and how this concatenation of expertise, resources, at-risk people and viruses shapes the knowledge used to impede the epidemic. It also seeks to trouble the discourses of biomedical pre-eminence in the field of HIV prevention by examining the claim for treatment as prevention, looking at evidence constructed through the biomedical frame and through the lens of the sociology of science. These questions lie within a larger socio-historical context of lagging worldwide attention and funding to prevention in the HIV area and, in particular ...


Alcohol And Other Drug Resistance Strategies Employed By Rural Adolescents, Jonathan Pettigrew, Michelle Miller-Day, Janice L. Krieger, Michael L. Hecht 2011 Pennsylvania State University

Alcohol And Other Drug Resistance Strategies Employed By Rural Adolescents, Jonathan Pettigrew, Michelle Miller-Day, Janice L. Krieger, Michael L. Hecht

Communication Faculty Articles and Research

This study seeks to identify how rural adolescents make health decisions and utilize communication strategies to resist influence attempts in offers of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs (ATOD). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 113 adolescents from rural school districts to solicit information on ATOD norms, past ATOD experiences, and substance offer response episodes. Rural youths’ resistance strategies were similar to previous findings with urban adolescents – refuse, explain, avoid, and leave (the REAL typology) – while unique features of these strategies were identified including the importance of personal narratives, the articulation of a non-user identity, and being “accountable” to self and others.


2011-2012 Unlv Mcnair Journal, Cyndy Anang, Sajar Camara, Pamela Cornejo, Carla Antonieta Farcello, Ilse Anahi Garcia, Natiera Magnuson, William L. McCurdy, Lorena Munoz, Maxym V. Myroshnychenko, Ricardo Rios, Theodore Waldeck, Barbara Wallen, Ana Zuniga, Brenda M. Aguilar, Tiffany Alexandra Alvarez, Daniel N. Erosa, Paige C. Espinosa, Carla Antonieta Farcello, Julienne Jochel Paraiso, Nathaniel Derek Phillipps, Carmen Vallin, Jacent N. Wamala, Ernesto Zamora-Ramos 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

2011-2012 Unlv Mcnair Journal, Cyndy Anang, Sajar Camara, Pamela Cornejo, Carla Antonieta Farcello, Ilse Anahi Garcia, Natiera Magnuson, William L. Mccurdy, Lorena Munoz, Maxym V. Myroshnychenko, Ricardo Rios, Theodore Waldeck, Barbara Wallen, Ana Zuniga, Brenda M. Aguilar, Tiffany Alexandra Alvarez, Daniel N. Erosa, Paige C. Espinosa, Carla Antonieta Farcello, Julienne Jochel Paraiso, Nathaniel Derek Phillipps, Carmen Vallin, Jacent N. Wamala, Ernesto Zamora-Ramos

McNair Journal

Journal articles based on research conducted by undergraduate students in the McNair Scholars Program

Table of Contents

Biography of Dr. Ronald E. McNair

Statements:

Dr. Neal J. Smatresk, UNLV President

Dr. Juanita P. Fain, Vice President of Student Affairs

Dr. William W. Sullivan, Associate Vice President for Retention and Outreach

Mr. Keith Rogers, Deputy Executive Director of the Center for Academic Enrichment and Outreach

McNair Scholars Institute Staff


Health-Seeking Behavior In Families, Kimberly A. Greder, Yoshie Sano 2011 Iowa State University

Health-Seeking Behavior In Families, Kimberly A. Greder, Yoshie Sano

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Health-seeking behavior means action based on a personal decision to promote wellness or recovery from an illness or disease. To improve the health of families, one must understand how and why people make decisions that affect their health. Factors that shape health-seeking behaviors in families are socioeconomic (e.g.,age, education, literacy,employment, income), social (e.g.,family,culture), and structural (e.g., availability and access to health care).


Prescribing The Good Wife: A Content Analysis Of Drug Advertisements In Southern Living Magazine, Linda Treiber, Katie McIntyre 2010 Kennesaw State University

Prescribing The Good Wife: A Content Analysis Of Drug Advertisements In Southern Living Magazine, Linda Treiber, Katie Mcintyre

Linda A. Treiber

No abstract provided.


Disorderly, Valerie Harwood 2010 University of Wollongong

Disorderly, Valerie Harwood

Valerie Harwood

Over the past thirty years the word disorderly has become increasingly linked to discourses of mental disorder. This change points to the effects that the social and cultural has in the production of ‘scientific’ knowledge of youth. Unlike uses in the mid twentieth century, the word disorderly is now medicalized, conjuring images of aberrant behavior together with psychopathology. Earlier depictions of disorderliness such as James Dean’s famous role as Jim Stark, the drunk and disorderly youth outsider in Rebel Without a Cause (Weisbart & Ray, 1955) were not underwritten with medicalized notions. Such representations linked youth with “out of order ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress