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Implications And Impact Of Race On The Health Of Latinos, Luisa N. Borrell, Clara E. Rodriguez 2010 Fordham University

Implications And Impact Of Race On The Health Of Latinos, Luisa N. Borrell, Clara E. Rodriguez

Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


An Examination Of The Relationship Between Family And U.S. Latinos’ Physical Health, Georgiana Bostean 2010 Chapman University

An Examination Of The Relationship Between Family And U.S. Latinos’ Physical Health, Georgiana Bostean

Sociology Faculty Articles and Research

Latinos, especially immigrant Latinos, have lower mortality rates and some better health outcomes than U.S.-born Latinos and whites, a situation called the Latino Paradox. One explanation for the advantage is that Latinos’ family orientation protects health. However, because few large-scale studies examine Latinos’ family relationships by nativity, the extent to which family factors contribute to Latinos’ health outcomes is unclear. Additionally, while a large literature focuses on family cohesion, fewer studies address both cohesion and conflict, which may be particularly important among immigrants, whose migration and adaptation experiences can strain family relations. This study examines the relationship between ...


Va Healthcare Costs Of A Collaborative Intervention For Chronic Pain In Primary Care, Kathryn C. Dickinson, Rajiv Sharma, Jonathan P. Duckart, Kathryn Corson, Martha S. Gerrity, Steven K. Dobscha 2010 Veterans Affairs Portland Health Care System

Va Healthcare Costs Of A Collaborative Intervention For Chronic Pain In Primary Care, Kathryn C. Dickinson, Rajiv Sharma, Jonathan P. Duckart, Kathryn Corson, Martha S. Gerrity, Steven K. Dobscha

Economics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Chronic pain is costly to individuals and the healthcare system, and is often undertreated. Collaborative care models show promise for improving treatment of patients with chronic pain. The objectives of this article are to report the incremental benefit and incremental health services costs of a collaborative intervention for chronic pain from a veterans affairs (VA) healthcare perspective.

Methods: Data on VA treatment costs incurred by participants were obtained from the VA's Decision Support System for all utilization except certain intervention activities which were tracked in a separate database. Outcome data were from a cluster-randomized trial of a collaborative ...


Dementia And Dementia Care: The Contributions Of A Psychosocial Perspective, Phyllis Braudy Harris 2010 John Carroll University

Dementia And Dementia Care: The Contributions Of A Psychosocial Perspective, Phyllis Braudy Harris

Sociology

The social sciences have and continue to play a unique role in the study of dementia and dementia care. For central to the social sciences, particularly the discipline of sociology is a history of critical inquiry that challenges long held societal assumptions, a concern for issues of social justice, social exclusion and the treatment of marginalized populations. All significant areas to consider when caring for a person with dementia. This chapter will trace the development of the study of dementia and dementia care starting with its biomedical roots, examine the contributions of the social sciences in furthering the conceptual development ...


Allowing Patients To Waive The Right To Sue For Medical Malpractice: A Response To Thaler And Sunstein, Tom Baker, Timothy D. Lytton 2010 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Allowing Patients To Waive The Right To Sue For Medical Malpractice: A Response To Thaler And Sunstein, Tom Baker, Timothy D. Lytton

Faculty Scholarship

This essay critically evaluates Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein’s proposal to allow patients to prospectively waive their rights to bring a malpractice claim, presented in their recent, much acclaimed book, Nudge: Improving Decisions about Health, Wealth and Happiness. We show that the behavioral insights that undergird Nudge do not support the waiver proposal. In addition, we demonstrate that Thaler and Sunstein have not provided a persuasive cost-benefit justification for the proposal. Finally, we argue that their liberty-based defense of waivers rests on misleading analogies and polemical rhetoric that ignore the liberty and other interests served by patients’ tort law ...


Performance Measures And Pilot Evaluation Of Georgia’S Medical Assistance Program For Population Below The Poverty Line, Tamar Chitashvili 2010 University of Southern Maine

Performance Measures And Pilot Evaluation Of Georgia’S Medical Assistance Program For Population Below The Poverty Line, Tamar Chitashvili

Muskie School Capstones

In recent years the Georgian health care system has been undergoing fundamental reforms aimed at improving the population’s health status by increasing financial and geographic access to high-quality health care. To address limited financial access to health services of the poor, and protect them from catastrophic expenditures associated with illnesses and improve equity, the government restructured the centralized, financially and administratively unsustainable social security system, with a liberal welfare system focusing on providing a safety net for the poor.


Tontines For The Invincibles: Enticing Low Risks Into The Health-Insurance Pool With An Idea From Insurance History And Behavioral Economics, Tom Baker, Peter Siegelman 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Tontines For The Invincibles: Enticing Low Risks Into The Health-Insurance Pool With An Idea From Insurance History And Behavioral Economics, Tom Baker, Peter Siegelman

Faculty Scholarship

Over one third of the uninsured adults in the U.S. below retirement age are between 19 and 29 years old. Young adults, especially men, often go without insurance, even when buying it is mandatory and sometimes even when it is a low cost employment benefit. This paper proposes a new form of health insurance targeted at this group—the “Young Invincibles”—those who (wrongly) believe that they don’t need health insurance because they won’t get sick. Our proposal offers a cash bonus to those who turn out to be right in their belief that they did not ...


Can A Patient-Centered Ethos Be Other-Regarding? Ought It Be?, Theodore Ruger 2010 Univ of Pennsylvania

Can A Patient-Centered Ethos Be Other-Regarding? Ought It Be?, Theodore Ruger

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Effective Communications: Critical Factors In Health Alliance Success, Benjamin Zirra 2010 Seton Hall University

Effective Communications: Critical Factors In Health Alliance Success, Benjamin Zirra

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Federal Child Nutrition Programs Are Important To Rural Households, Barbara Wauchope, Anne M. Shattuck 2010 University of New Hampshire

Federal Child Nutrition Programs Are Important To Rural Households, Barbara Wauchope, Anne M. Shattuck

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

This brief, based on data from the U.S. Census Bureau, examines how rural families use four of the major federal child nutrition programs. It finds that 29 percent of rural families with children participate but that there are barriers to these nutrition programs, such as the lack of public transportation and high operating costs for rural schools and child care programs.


Communalism Predicts Prenatal Affect, Stress, And Physiology Better Than Ethnicity And Socioeconomic Status, Cleopatra M. Abdou, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Belinda Campos, Clayton J. Hilmert, Tyan Parker Dominguez, Calvin J. Hobel, Laura M. Glynn, Curt A. Sandman 2010 University of Michigan

Communalism Predicts Prenatal Affect, Stress, And Physiology Better Than Ethnicity And Socioeconomic Status, Cleopatra M. Abdou, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Belinda Campos, Clayton J. Hilmert, Tyan Parker Dominguez, Calvin J. Hobel, Laura M. Glynn, Curt A. Sandman

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

The authors examined the relevance of communalism, operationalized as a cultural orientation emphasizing interdependence, to maternal prenatal emotional health and physiology and distinguished its effects from those of ethnicity and childhood and adult socioeconomic status (SES). African American and European American women (N = 297) were recruited early in pregnancy and followed through 32 weeks gestation using interviews and medical chart review. Overall, African American women and women of lower socioeconomic backgrounds had higher levels of negative affect, stress, and blood pressure, but these ethnic and socioeconomic disparities were not observed among women higher in communalism. Hierarchical multivariate regression analyses showed ...


Gendered Disparities In Take-Ups Of Employee Health Benefits, Jennifer Reid Keene, Anastasia H. Prokos 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Gendered Disparities In Take-Ups Of Employee Health Benefits, Jennifer Reid Keene, Anastasia H. Prokos

Sociology Faculty Publications

Using a sample of 2,271 workers from the 2002 National Study of the Changing Workforce whose employers offered personal health insurance, this article investigates the gendered nature of health insurance benefit take-ups. These analyses include family and employment characteristics in addition to employers’ contributions to health insurance premiums, a measure that is unexamined in sociological analyses of health benefits. Progressive logistic regression models predict the effects of gender and family characteristics. Results indicate that women with employed spouses are less likely to take up their own health benefits than are comparable men, net of basic employment characteristics. Gender differences ...


Predictors Of Job Satisfaction Among Emerging Adults In Alberta, Canada, Abu Sadat Nurullah 2009 University of Alberta

Predictors Of Job Satisfaction Among Emerging Adults In Alberta, Canada, Abu Sadat Nurullah

Abu Sadat Nurullah

This study explores the aspect of satisfaction with jobs and career, and the predictors of job satisfaction among the emerging adults in Alberta. Obtaining data from the 2003 Alberta High School Graduate Survey among a sample of 1,030 emerging adults from Alberta, the paper examines the predictors of job satisfaction among the emerging adults, which are self-esteem, happiness, work-reward preferences, valued job characteristics, income, education, occupational categories, and other demographic variables. Using structural equation modeling, a job satisfaction model has been developed. The findings indicate that self-esteem and valued job characteristics are direct and strongest predictors of job satisfaction ...


Place For Personhood: Individual And Local Character In Lifestyle Migration, Brian Hoey 2009 Marshall University

Place For Personhood: Individual And Local Character In Lifestyle Migration, Brian Hoey

Brian A. Hoey, Ph.D.

While drawing on literature of narrative interpretations of the construction of self and place-based, embodied identity, this article will explore the impact of invasive market forces on intertwined processes of person, self, and place-making. It considers how resources for these projects have changed in the face of translocal market forces and neoliberal ideals. Despite numerous proclamations of an essential placelessness to contemporary American society, place continues to be a basic part of the construction of the person. In fact, a variety of place-making practices are increasingly pursued as ways of negotiating tension between personal experience with material demands in pursuit ...


A Framework For Working With People With Early Stage Dementia: A Relationship - Focused Approach To Counseling., Phyllis Harris 2009 John Carroll University

A Framework For Working With People With Early Stage Dementia: A Relationship - Focused Approach To Counseling., Phyllis Harris

Phyllis Braudy Harris

No abstract provided.


Childhood Morbidity And Health In Early Adulthood: Life Course Linkages In A High Morbidity Context., Rachel Margolis 2009 University of Western Ontario

Childhood Morbidity And Health In Early Adulthood: Life Course Linkages In A High Morbidity Context., Rachel Margolis

Rachel Margolis

This paper examines whether morbidity in early or later childhood is associated with health later in life. I investigate the relationship between five types of childhood morbidity and risk factors for cardiovascular disease among Guatemalan adults who experienced high levels of morbidity in childhood. The analysis is based on the Human Capital Study (2002–2004), a recent follow-up of the INCAP Longitudinal Study conducted between 1969 and 1977. I find that most types of childhood morbidity are associated with poorer adult health, independent of family background, adult socioeconomic status, and health behaviors. Higher levels of infections in childhood were associated ...


The New Outsiders: Adhd And Disadvantage, Valerie Harwood 2009 University of Wollongong

The New Outsiders: Adhd And Disadvantage, Valerie Harwood

Valerie Harwood

Recent research has pointed to the uneven distribution of diagnoses of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, with disproportionately high numbers in areas marked by poverty (Gifford Sawyer et al., 2004; Olfsen et al., 2003). This chapter examines this issue of ADHD and social and economic disadvantage. Drawing on research with youth professionals from some of the most disadvantaged communities in Australia, the chapter puts forward the case that the ADHD phenomenon has highly problematic effects on the lives of children and young people in these communities. The intent is to show how the ADHD phenomenon interacts with disadvantage, and suggest how ...


Social Influence In Impaired Driving: An Exploration In Alberta, Canada, Abu Sadat Nurullah 2009 University of Alberta

Social Influence In Impaired Driving: An Exploration In Alberta, Canada, Abu Sadat Nurullah

Abu Sadat Nurullah

Social influence is the internal and external social-psychological pressure resulting in performance of certain behavior in different context. This study explored the social influence theory in explaining alcohol-impaired driving among a representative sample of adults in Alberta, Canada. Data for the current study came from the Annual Alberta Survey 2009. Information on drinking and driving habit in the past 12 months, social influence in impaired driving, and socio-demographic factors in impaired driving behavior, was collected through computer assisted telephone interviews (CATI) from 1,211 respondents across Alberta. Results indicated that in the past 12 months, 4% of the respondents had ...


Gender Differences In Distress: The Mediating Influence Of Life Stressors And Psychological Resources, Abu Sadat Nurullah 2009 University of Alberta

Gender Differences In Distress: The Mediating Influence Of Life Stressors And Psychological Resources, Abu Sadat Nurullah

Abu Sadat Nurullah

Using the data from Canadian National Population Health Survey (NPHS), Cycle 1, this research explore gender differences in distress and the mediating influence of life stressors (i.e., chronic stress, work stress, negative life events, and childhood and adulthood trauma), and psychological resources (self-esteem, mastery, and sense of coherence). The findings from t-test analyses indicated that females reported more psychological distress, chronic stress, work stress, negative life events, and childhood and adulthood trauma, compared to males. However, in terms of psychological resources, male participants reported having more self-esteem, mastery, and sense of coherence. Results from regression analyses showed that life ...


Concept, Program, Design And Working Paper On Economics Of Compassion The Book Project By Emmanuel Mario B Santos Aka Marc Guerrero And Marc Guerrero Communications Inc, Emmanuel Mario Santos aka Marc Guerrero 2009 theINSTITUTE of Health & Wellness PHILIPPINES Foundation Inc

Concept, Program, Design And Working Paper On Economics Of Compassion The Book Project By Emmanuel Mario B Santos Aka Marc Guerrero And Marc Guerrero Communications Inc, Emmanuel Mario Santos Aka Marc Guerrero

Emmanuel Mario B Santos aka Marc Guerrero

FORETHOUGHT Business and Entrepreneurial Road Map in our Collective Quest for Genuine Health and Wellness.

NOT ONLY WORDS: A PREFACE by DR JUAN F TORRES JR, SENOR DON RAMON CF CUERVO III, DR ANTONIO PERIQUET, DR ALBERTO ROMUALDEZ or JAIME GALVEZ-TAN.

CHAPTER 1 REDEFINING COMPASSION AND REFINING ECONOMICS.

CHAPTER 2 PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS OF COMPASSION. General Introduction to Economics of Compassion CHAPTER 3 ECONOMICS OF COMPASSION IN THE WORLD.

CHAPTER 4 ECONOMICS OF COMPASSION IN ASIA.

CHAPTER 5 ECONOMICS OF COMPASSION IN THE PHILIPPINES.

CHAPTER 6 ECONOMICS AND COMPASSION AMONG FILIPINO DOCTORS IN THE HOMELAND AND OVERSEAS.

CHAPTER 7 ECONOMICS ...


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