The Socio-Political And Economic Causes Of Natural Disasters, 2017 Claremont McKenna College
The Socio-Political And Economic Causes Of Natural Disasters, Nicole Southard
CMC Senior Theses
To effectively prevent and mitigate the outbreak of natural disasters is a more pressing issue in the twenty-first century than ever before. The frequency and cost of natural disasters is rising globally, most especially in developing countries where the most severe effects of climate change are felt. However, while climate change is indeed a strong force impacting the severity of contemporary catastrophes, it is not directly responsible for the exorbitant cost of the damage and suffering incurred from natural disasters -- both financially and in terms of human life. Rather, the true root causes of natural disasters lie within the power ...
A Labor Of Love: Women's Perspectives On Gender And Identity In Informal Caregiving, 2017 Minnesota State University, Mankato
A Labor Of Love: Women's Perspectives On Gender And Identity In Informal Caregiving, Kirby O'Hara Hurd
All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects
The elderly population (adults 65 and over) is larger than at any time in history, thanks to improved access to healthcare, advances in medical technology, and health services focused on addressing the needs of aging adults. However, support for this growing population remains insufficient; the costs of in-home and residential care are high, and consequently, family members often become providers of informal, unpaid care. Presently, there is inadequate literature regarding the academic study of family members providing informal caregiving, especially from a perspective that emphasizes sociological principles and theories. Existing studies of the family caregiver phenomenon show that middle-aged adult ...
Facebook: Help Or Hindrance? A Study Of The Relationship Between Facebook Uses, Gratifications, And Depression Symptoms In The Older Adult Population, Katherine Michelle Anthony
Graduate Theses and Dissertations
Building on the uses and gratifications theory, this research used online survey to examine the relationship between self-reported depression symptoms and the use of Facebook among older adults in Iowa. The purpose of this research was to establish the type of relationship that Facebook use has with those who exhibit depressive symptoms in the population above the age of 65. Existing research has primarily looked at the young adult population, specifically college-age participants, and the relationship has been found to be negative – that Facebook use negatively impacts mental health. This research focused on a different demographic, the older adult population ...
Muse Youth Curriculum, 2017 The University of Maine
Muse Youth Curriculum, University Of Maine Center On Aging
Maine Center on Aging Education and Training
Music Uniting Students and Elders is a program of the University of Maine Center on Aging and the Bangor Symphony Orchestra that uses music education to connect elders and students. The following curriculum is recommended for children 5 years of age and older or children in 1st – 5th grade. The purpose of the curriculum is to act as a catalyst for discussing aging, to dispel the myths of aging, to provide an opportunity to connect generations, and for youth to share with others their experiences, ancestry and family traditions. Furthermore, this curriculum allows for youth to connect with elders in ...
Impact Of Caregiver Depression On Health Of Family Caregivers Of Individuals With Alzheimer's Disease, 2017 Minnesota State University, Mankato
Impact Of Caregiver Depression On Health Of Family Caregivers Of Individuals With Alzheimer's Disease, Poonam Aryal
All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects
This study examines the health consequences of being a caretaker of someone with Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia and is a significant public health problem that will intensify as the population ages. Caring for an individual with Alzheimer’s disease is more stressful than caring for a person with a physical disability; they need increased levels of supervision and personal care as the disease progress. The majority of care is provided at home by family caregivers. Caregivers often help people with Alzheimer’s to manage various issues from activities of daily ...
Taking Action For Social Change, 2017 Singapore Management University
Taking Action For Social Change, Singapore Management University
Research@SMU: Connecting the Dots
Research at the SMU Lien Centre for Social Innovation is helping to better understand and respond to the needs of vulnerable communities in Singapore.
See the papers:
- Elderly population in Singapore: Understanding social, physical and financial needs
- Single-parent families in Singapore: Understanding the challenges of finances, housing and time poverty
- People with physical disabilities in Singapore: Understanding disabling factors in caregiving, education, employment and finances
- A handbook on inequality, poverty and unmet social needs in Singapore
Impact Of Intergenerational Programs On Older Adults' Psychological Well-Being: A Meta-Analysis, 2017 Iowa State University
Impact Of Intergenerational Programs On Older Adults' Psychological Well-Being: A Meta-Analysis, Yan Su
Graduate Theses and Dissertations
A comprehensive evaluation of intergenerational programming (IGP) is needed to identify best practices. In this study, I conducted an IGP evaluation whose first purpose was to explore the effectiveness of IGPs through a meta-analysis of programs reported in the literature between 2000 and 2016. I first examined the effect of IGPs on older adults’ depressive symptoms, self-esteem, and life satisfaction separately, and then combined them into a single indicator of psychological well-being. The second aim of the study was to identify possible moderators that might affect the success of IGPs with older adults, including IGP characteristics such as activity type ...
Intertwining Retirement Education With Adult Education, 2017 University of Georgia
Intertwining Retirement Education With Adult Education, Chaewon Yang
Adult Education Research Conference
This literature review aims to explore how adult education can intervene to create a more satisfactory retirement through retirement education. Specifically, it is focused how retirement education has use transformative learning theory to interpret retirement experiences.
Consumers' Perceptions Of Voluntary And Involuntary Deconsumption: An Exploratory Sequential Scale Development Study, Kranti K. Dugar
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
This exploratory sequential mixed methods study of scale development was conducted among baby boomers in the United States to render conceptual clarity to the concepts of voluntary and involuntary deconsumption, to explore deconsumption behavior under the tenets of the attribution theory of motivation, and to examine the components, structures, uses, and measurement properties of scales of voluntary and involuntary deconsumption. It was also an attempt to reiterate the importance of the baby boomer segment(s) for marketing practitioners based on growth, economic viability, and the power of influence, and to establish a deep understanding of the deconsumption processes, which could ...
A Systems Approach To The Problem Of Falls In Old Age, 2017 University of Kentucky
A Systems Approach To The Problem Of Falls In Old Age, Patrick A. Dillon
Theses and Dissertations--Gerontology
The problem of falls in old age is enormously costly and disruptive for the older individual, others, and society, and its severity is likely to intensify as our population ages. This dissertation takes a systems-oriented approach toward the falls problem and is presented in two parts. The first part critically develops a new approach to the problem of falls. The second part describes an empirical study that applies this new approach in a pragmatic manner.
Conventional fall prevention strategies employ a reductionist approach to the problem of falls. This approach is questioned because it corresponds poorly to the holistic nature ...
Investigation Of Sandwich Generation Caregiver Perceptions And Factors Of Caregiving Strain, 2017 Eastern Illinois University
Investigation Of Sandwich Generation Caregiver Perceptions And Factors Of Caregiving Strain, Samantha Marie Young
The Sandwich Generation caregiver is responsible for caring for their children and parents simultaneously (Miller, 1981). In this study, stressors, burdens, and strains were analyzed in relation to caregiver demographics and the following variables: caregiving relationship quality, caregiving roles, communication, and resources (time and finances). The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors that contribute to perceived strains in Sandwich Generation caregivers. The Sandwich Generation Caregiver Survey was distributed through social media (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and LinkedIn), email, listservs, and word of mouth through a nonprobability snowball approach (Creswell, 2012). The researcher used frequency counts, percentages, and mean ...
Changes In Depressive Symptoms Among Older Adults With Multiple Chronic Conditions: Role Of Positive And Negative Social Supports, 2017 Singapore Management University
Changes In Depressive Symptoms Among Older Adults With Multiple Chronic Conditions: Role Of Positive And Negative Social Supports, Sangnam Ahn, Kim, Hongmei Zhang
Research Collection School Of Economics
Depression severely affects older adults in the United States. As part of the social environment, signiﬁcant social support was suggested to ameliorate depression among older adults. We investigate how varying forms of social support moderate depressive symptomatology among older adults with multiple chronic conditions (MCC). Data were analyzed using a sample of 11,400 adults, aged 65 years or older, from the 2006–2012 Health and Retirement Study. The current study investigated the moderating effects of positive or negative social support from spouse, children, other family, and friends on the association between MCC and depression. A linear mixed model with ...
A Comparison Of Physical Nursing Home Environment For Older Adults And Their Families, 2017 Minnesota State University, Mankato
A Comparison Of Physical Nursing Home Environment For Older Adults And Their Families, Phatt Thaitrong
All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects
Globally, aging populations and increases in chronic diseases mean that more people will need long-term care in the next decade. Providing appropriate care to meet the needs of older adults and their families is a key consideration. This move to create a home-like environment in nursing homes has become extensive this past decade. Having an appropriate atmosphere where residents feel like they belong can help elderly people to age healthfully. This systematic literature analysis will address older adult residents' and their families' needs for nursing home physical environments and identify key elements of the physical nursing home environment for older ...
Towards Active Ageing: A Comparative Study Of Experiences Of Older Ghanaians In Australia And Ghana, 2017 Edith Cowan University
Towards Active Ageing: A Comparative Study Of Experiences Of Older Ghanaians In Australia And Ghana, Daniel Doh
Theses: Doctorates and Masters
Population ageing has become a central feature of the 21st century, as most countries search for economically viable strategies to support and manage their ageing populations to live in a dignified way. In 2002, the World Health Organisation (WHO) proposed the active ageing policy framework to guide countries to develop policies that promote the quality of life for their older people. However, the interpretation and application of the active ageing model in the literature and policy discussions are inconclusive on the most important elements that promote the quality of life of older people. The discussions have largely focused on health ...
Building Age-Friendly Community: Notes From The Field, 2016 Rhode Island College
Building Age-Friendly Community: Notes From The Field, Rachel Filinson, Marianne Raimondo, Maureen Maigret
Sociology Between the Gaps: Forgotten and Neglected Topics
Building age-friendly communities is a global as well as a national concern. The purpose of this paper is to explore fundamental tensions underlying the formulation of age-friendly goals and their implementation, based on a review of age-friendly projects and reflections on the journey towards age friendliness in one state (Rhode Island). The authors conducted a comprehensive investigation of the relevant literature on previous age-friendly initiatives, which included case studies of individual projects, meta-analyses of age-friendly work, and educational toolkits for promoting age-friendly community. They also collected original data from ten focus groups with older adults, interviews with key informant service ...
Self-Care Among Older Adults With Heart Failure, 2016 Wayne State University
Self-Care Among Older Adults With Heart Failure, Sumayya Attaallah, Kay Klymko, Faith Pratt Hopp
Social Work Faculty Publications
Background: It is estimated that 5.7 million Americans are living with heart failure (HF) today. Despite the fact that HF is one of the most common reasons people aged 65 years and older are admitted into the hospital, few studies describe the self-care in this older adult population. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to review the current literature on self-care in this population to better understand the influence of selected factors on self-care and health outcomes. Methods: A literature search was completed and resulted in including 28 studies. Results: Multiple factors have been reported as barriers to ...
Dna Methylation Signatures Of Chronic Low-Grade Inflammation Are Associated With Complex Diseases, 2016 Erasmus University, Netherlands
Dna Methylation Signatures Of Chronic Low-Grade Inflammation Are Associated With Complex Diseases, Symen Ligthart, Carola Marzi, Stella Aslibekyan, Michael M. Mendelson, Karen N. Conneely, Toshiko Tanaka, Elena Colicino, Lindsay L. Waite, Roby Joehanes, Weihua Guan, Jennifer A. Brody, Cathy Elks, Riccardo Marioni, Min A. Jhun, Golareh Agha, Jan Bressler, Cavin K. Ward-Caviness, Brian H. Chen, Tianxiao Huan, Kelly Bakulski, Elias L. Salfati, Whi-Empc Investigators, Giovanni Fiorito, Charge Epigenetics Of Coronary Heart Disease, Simone Wahl, Katharina Schramm, Jin Sha, Dena G. Hernandez, Allan C. Just, Jennifer A. Smith, Donna K. Arnett
Epidemiology Faculty Publications
Background: Chronic low-grade inflammation reflects a subclinical immune response implicated in the pathogenesis of complex diseases. Identifying genetic loci where DNA methylation is associated with chronic low-grade inflammation may reveal novel pathways or therapeutic targets for inflammation.
Results: We performed a meta-analysis of epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) of serum C-reactive protein (CRP), which is a sensitive marker of low-grade inflammation, in a large European population (n = 8863) and trans-ethnic replication in African Americans (n = 4111). We found differential methylation at 218 CpG sites to be associated with CRP (P < 1.15 × 10–7) in the discovery panel of European ancestry and replicated (P ... 1.15 × 10
Social Media For Senior Citizens: An Introductory Course, 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston
Social Media For Senior Citizens: An Introductory Course, Cheryl Raistrick
Instructional Design Capstones Collection
The Woburn Council on Aging is a municipal, volunteer board appointed by the Mayor of Woburn. The Woburn COA operates the Woburn COA Senior Center as a resource for the community's senior citizen population. The Senior Center provides information, referrals, information, outreach, advocacy, transportation, health screening, nutrition, education, peer support, recreation, volunteer development and intergenerational programming for members of the community. Educational programs on the use of technology are offered monthly at the Woburn COA Senior Center though members have expressed interest in learning more about social media applications and how they can be used to communicate with family ...
Development, Validation And Application Of A New Fornix Template For Studies Of Aging And Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease, Christopher A. Brown, Nathan F. Johnson, Amelia J. Anderson-Mooney, Gregory A. Jicha, Leslie M. Shaw, John Q. Trojanowski, Linda J. Van Eldik, Frederick A. Schmitt, Charles D. Smith, Brian T. Gold
Rehabilitation Sciences Faculty Publications
We developed a merged younger-older adult template of the fornix and demonstrated its utility for studies of aging and preclinical Alzheimer's disease (AD). In Experiment 1, probabilistic tractography was used to reconstruct the fornix in younger and older adults and successful streamlines were then averaged to create a merged template in standard space. The new template includes the majority of the fornix from the hippocampal formation to the subcallosal region and the thalamus/hypothalamus. In Experiment 2, the merged template was validated as an appropriate measure for studies of aging, with comparisons against manual tracing measures indicating identical spatial ...
Barriers, Motivations, And Preferences For Physical Activity Among Female African American Older Adults, 2016 Wayne State University
Barriers, Motivations, And Preferences For Physical Activity Among Female African American Older Adults, Neha P. Gothe, Bradley J. Kendall
Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, less than 11% of adults more than the age of 65 meet the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Among minority populations, only 5% of non-Hispanic Black older adults met the guidelines. Given our limited understanding of psychosocial and environmental factors that affect physical activity participation in these groups, the purpose of our focus groups was to investigate barriers, motivators, and preferences of physical activity for community-dwelling African American older adults. Three focus groups were conducted with female African American older adults (N = 20). Questions posed to each focus group targeted ...