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The Harmful Sexual And Non-Sexual Behaviors Of Trafficked Women And Children In Mexico: A Study Of Victims Of Sexual Exploitation, Arun Kumar Acharya, Lilia Susana Padilla y Sotelo, Jose Juan Cervantes Niño 2018 Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon

The Harmful Sexual And Non-Sexual Behaviors Of Trafficked Women And Children In Mexico: A Study Of Victims Of Sexual Exploitation, Arun Kumar Acharya, Lilia Susana Padilla Y Sotelo, Jose Juan Cervantes Niño

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

During the last 17 years, since the adoption of the Palermo Protocol, authorities at international and national levels have investigated and prosecuted trafficking cases, and aided victims. Nevertheless, every day thousands of people around the world are sold, lured with false promises and exploited. In Mexico, 10,000 young girls and women are said to be trafficked into cities for sexual exploitation every year. Trafficked victims suffer a wide range of sexual exploitation, physical and psychological violence, human rights violations including their right to dignity, and cruel and inhumane treatment, creating vulnerability and isolation. To cope, many victims adopt harmful ...


Minimum Wages And Occupational Skills Acquired During High School, Benjamin Meier, Kyrstin Shadle, Brent E. Kreider, Peter F. Orazem 2018 Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas

Minimum Wages And Occupational Skills Acquired During High School, Benjamin Meier, Kyrstin Shadle, Brent E. Kreider, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Working Papers

The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 Geocode sample and the O*NET Occupational Database are used to generate estimates of skills acquired on jobs held by youth during high school. The types of jobs firms offer high school students change with the minimum wage. Jobs offered in high minimum wage states involve less skill acquisition. These same skills are shown to be important for income, employment and occupational skills later in life. Additional schooling substitutes for job skills acquired in high school, implying lost on-the-job training in high school is most costly for youth who do not go to ...


Global Family Change: Persistent Diversity With Development, Luca Maria Pesando, Andrés F. Castro, Liliana Andriano, Julia A. Behrman, Francesco Billari, Christiaan Monden, Frank Furstenberg, Hans-Peter Kohler 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Global Family Change: Persistent Diversity With Development, Luca Maria Pesando, Andrés F. Castro, Liliana Andriano, Julia A. Behrman, Francesco Billari, Christiaan Monden, Frank Furstenberg, Hans-Peter Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

This paper provides a broad empirical overview of the relationship between family change and socio-economic development drawing on 30+ years of Demographic and Health Survey data from 3.5 million respondents across 84 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We conduct two sets of analyses. First, we document global and regional-level associations between the Human Development Index (HDI) and novel indicators reflecting multidimensional family change. Second, we use methods from the growth convergence literature to examine whether – and in which domains – there is evidence of cross-country convergence in family indicators over levels of development. We show that families in LMICs have ...


Hippie Communes Of The West Coast: A Study Of Gender Roles And The Evolution Of The Counterculture's Definition Of Freedom, Lisa A. Scott 2018 University of North Georgia

Hippie Communes Of The West Coast: A Study Of Gender Roles And The Evolution Of The Counterculture's Definition Of Freedom, Lisa A. Scott

Papers & Publications: Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Research

Following the deterioration of conditions in the Haight-Ashbury in 1968, hippies moved to communes throughout the west coast, specifically in the nearby Santa Cruz Mountains above San Francisco in California. Beginning as a utopian vision, many of the traditions and problems that commune residents sought to escape manifested again in communal life, including the division of races, repression of women, and intolerance of homosexuals. Additionally, they could not escape the financial realities of the world they lived in, and communes were plagued with health issues and unscrupulous individuals. Eventually, women of the communes, forced to provide income for their families ...


Embody: The Transformation Of Intimate Knowledges Through Generations In Liberal Societies, Lisa Kronberg 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Embody: The Transformation Of Intimate Knowledges Through Generations In Liberal Societies, Lisa Kronberg

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis project aims to examine how intimate knowledges[1] are transferred and communicated between generations in Western, liberal societies. By ‘Intimate knowledges’ I mean to encompass diverse knowledge of emotional intelligence, sexual identity, and gender.

Intimate knowledges evolve with human life circle everywhere and at all times, but in Western popular discourse of today, are treated with confusion and repression; they thus emerge as a “loud display of simultaneously silent sexual desire.” (Fine and McClelland, 2006) I explore this tension through a critical, feminist lens that sheds light on the ways in which political economy creates cultural norms that ...


Still Life: Growing Up With Death - A Visual Memoir, Lindsey Roth-Rosen 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Still Life: Growing Up With Death - A Visual Memoir, Lindsey Roth-Rosen

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This capstone is a multidimensional visual narrative project that incorporates heuristic methodology to illustrate complicated grief that emerged from early childhood loss. The memoir’s intention is to exemplify grief as a complex and mutable composite response to the death of my mother. One objective of this capstone is to understand melancholy, commonly associated with mental illness or symptomatic of depression, as an aesthetic emotion as well as a conduit for philosophical reflection. I use non-verbal approaches to the genre of a memoir by incorporating my photography to epitomize art as a powerful means to comprehend the totality of loss ...


Conditions Of Personhood And Property, Zachary James Acree 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Conditions Of Personhood And Property, Zachary James Acree

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This paper seeks to demonstrate that a more robust understanding of personhood both reveals flaws in the underlying assumptions of modern property law, and orients that law to a more just application. To do this, the law needs not only a better definition of what persons are, but also a better understanding of how persons function in their society. First, in order to provide some context to the issues at stake, there is a brief historical introduction to some of the problems that personhood inquiries have faced. After the introduction, this paper is divided into four sections. Part I summarizes ...


Auditing Inequity: Teaching Aspiring Administrators To Be Social Justice Leaders, Frank Hernandez, Joanne M. Marshall 2018 Southern Methodist University

Auditing Inequity: Teaching Aspiring Administrators To Be Social Justice Leaders, Frank Hernandez, Joanne M. Marshall

Joanne M. Marshall

While much has been written about preparing educational leaders to lead for social justice, much less has been written about how to do so. This study is one of the first to analyze the reflections and written assignments of aspiring administrators to determine what they are currently thinking about poverty, race and ethnicity, and social justice leadership and how that thinking is shaped throughout one course. Results indicate that students were variable in their individual reflections, but that assignments which required them to analyze the inequities in their schools and develop an implementation plan led all of these aspiring administrators ...


What Are The Physical And Psychological Health Effects Of Suicide Bereavement On Family Members? An Observational And Interview Mixed-Methods Study In Ireland, Ailbhe Spillane, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman 2018 University College Cork

What Are The Physical And Psychological Health Effects Of Suicide Bereavement On Family Members? An Observational And Interview Mixed-Methods Study In Ireland, Ailbhe Spillane, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVES: Research focussing on the impact of suicide bereavement on family members' physical and psychological health is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine how family members have been physically and psychologically affected following suicide bereavement. A secondary objective of the study was to describe the needs of family members bereaved by suicide.

DESIGN: A mixed-methods study was conducted, using qualitative semistructured interviews and additional quantitative self-report measures of depression, anxiety and stress (DASS-21).

SETTING: Consecutive suicide cases and next-of-kin were identified by examining coroner's records in Cork City and County, Ireland from October 2014 to May ...


When Mother's Milk Goes Bad: The Influence Of Location On Breastfeeding Mothers Perceived Levels Of Intelligence, Leslie Dooley 2018 Iowa State University

When Mother's Milk Goes Bad: The Influence Of Location On Breastfeeding Mothers Perceived Levels Of Intelligence, Leslie Dooley

Leslie Dooley

This study examined the influence of the location where a mother breastfeeds and the potential stigma associated with breastfeeding on perceptions of her intelligence. Despite public campaigns promoting the benefits of breastfeeding for both mother and infant, breastfeeding rates have been slow to improve. Previous research has found that both men and women feel uncomfortable when a woman breastfeeds in public (Smith, 2011). In addition, many mothers are concerned with the potential for social repercussions from breastfeeding in public (Sheeska, 2001). This study investigated the effect of type of feeding and location on perceptions of maternal intelligence. Participants were randomly ...


Neighborhood Racial Discrimination And The Development Of Major Depression, Daniel W. Rusell, Frederick D. Clavel, Carolyn Cutrona, William T. Abraham, Rebecca G. Burzette 2018 Iowa State University

Neighborhood Racial Discrimination And The Development Of Major Depression, Daniel W. Rusell, Frederick D. Clavel, Carolyn Cutrona, William T. Abraham, Rebecca G. Burzette

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

This study examined the impact of neighborhood racial discrimination on the development of major depressive disorder (MDD) in a sample of African American women. Participants were 499 women from Georgia and Iowa with no history of MDD who were followed for 9 to 11 years. Several neighborhood characteristics (community social disorder, community cohesion, and community racism) and individual characteristics (negative life events, financial strain, personal outlook, religious involvement, relationship quality, negative affectivity, and individual experiences of racism) were employed as predictors of whether or not the women met criteria for MDD during this period of time. In a multilevel logistic ...


The Hold Me Tight Program For Couples Becoming Parents: A Mixed Methods Study, Debbie Wang 2018 Wilfrid Laurier University

The Hold Me Tight Program For Couples Becoming Parents: A Mixed Methods Study, Debbie Wang

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

ABSTRACT

Attachment theory has made substantial contributions to the understanding of close relationships. The purpose of this study was to inquire whether an attachment-informed psychoeducational program is a feasible and effective intervention for couples expecting their first child. The overarching question was: Is an attachment-informed relationship enhancement program, such as Hold Me Tight® (HMT), helpful to couples in strengthening their relationship and increasing their confidence in becoming first-time parents? The research question was addressed using a mixed-methods approach.

In the first phase, the Hold Me Tight® program developed by Dr. Sue Johnson was modified for use with couples becoming parents ...


“Dad, Do You Want To Play With Me?” The Impact Of Fathers Who Make Time For Play, Michael S. Sitton 2018 University of Kentucky

“Dad, Do You Want To Play With Me?” The Impact Of Fathers Who Make Time For Play, Michael S. Sitton

Theses and Dissertations--Family Sciences

With an increase in the pace of life in the United States, there comes a recognition of the importance of prioritizing time, especially for fathers. Of the two-thirds of children who live with their father, only a percentage of them have fathers who report regular play time with their children. However, literature in the field does not explain specifically whether or not this play between father and child influences the child’s later risk taking behaviors in high school. Using data from the 2003 Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS), waves 3, 4, and 6, this quantitative study sought ...


The Association Between Smartphone Use And Emotional Intelligence On Romantic Relationship Satisfaction Among Young Adults, Ellen Kaiser 2018 University of Kentucky

The Association Between Smartphone Use And Emotional Intelligence On Romantic Relationship Satisfaction Among Young Adults, Ellen Kaiser

Theses and Dissertations--Family Sciences

This study bridges the gap in the literature about the association between smartphone use and emotional intelligence on romantic relationship satisfaction. A sample of 161 undergraduate students between the ages of 18 and 26 at the University of Kentucky were recruited to complete an online survey about their smartphone usage, emotional intelligence, and romantic relationship satisfaction. Associations between smartphone usage and emotional intelligence, smartphone usage and romantic relationship satisfaction, and emotional intelligence and romantic relationship satisfaction were found. Specifically, productive smartphone usage was found to be positively associated with romantic relationship satisfaction, while problem smartphone usage was found to be ...


Museum Of Modern-Day Slavery: A Photo Essay, Micah Gamboa 2018 Museum of Modern-Day Slavery

Museum Of Modern-Day Slavery: A Photo Essay, Micah Gamboa

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

A photo essay from the Museum of Modern-Day Slavery in Houston, Texas, with photographs of rooms, entrances, and storage spaces in brothels following raids, including artifacts of the trade found at the scenes are documented. Photographs include brothels, bars, and strip clubs where Korean women and Mexican women were exploited. Photographs from the Mexican-American border document the violence the victims are subjected to during their journey.


Mom To Mom: Online Breastfeeding Advice, Jennifer D. Furkin 2018 University of Kentucky

Mom To Mom: Online Breastfeeding Advice, Jennifer D. Furkin

Theses and Dissertations--Communication

Exploring online support groups has gained more and more popularity in the last decade. Investigating the type of support messages users send each other has broadened the already extensive social support framework built in the last forty years. Mothers utilize online support for various topics, and a very common topic is breastfeeding. The perception of breastfeeding has changed throughout history with shifting beliefs and societal norms coupled with solid facts about its importance in the sustaining of infants. Online breastfeeding support has been previously explored through the categorization of types of support and themes within the interactions. This study extended ...


Making A University Community More Dementia Friendly Through Participation In An Intergenerational Choir., Phyllis Braudy Harris, Cynthia A. Caporella 2018 John Carroll University

Making A University Community More Dementia Friendly Through Participation In An Intergenerational Choir., Phyllis Braudy Harris, Cynthia A. Caporella

2018 Faculty Bibliography

A dementia friendly community is one that is informed about dementia, respectful and inclusive of people with dementia and their families, provides support, promotes empowerment, and fosters quality of life. This study presents data from four cohorts of undergraduate college students and people with dementia and their family members, using an intergenerational choir as the process through which to begin to create a dementia friendly community. This was accomplished by breaking down the stereotypes and misunderstandings that young adults have about people with dementia, thus allowing their commonalities and the strengths of the people living with dementia to become more ...


Self-Rated Health Trajectories Among Married Americans: Do Disparities Persist Over 20 Years?, Terceira A. Berdahl, Julia McQuillan 2018 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Self-Rated Health Trajectories Among Married Americans: Do Disparities Persist Over 20 Years?, Terceira A. Berdahl, Julia Mcquillan

Sociology Department, Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study is to understand self-rated health (SRH) trajectories by social location (race/ethnicity by gender by social class) among married individuals in the United States. We estimate multilevel models of SRH using six observations from 1980 to 2000 from a nationally representative panel of married individuals initially aged 25–55 (Marital Instability Over the Life Course Study). Results indicate that gender, race/ethnicity, and social class are associated with initial SRH disparities. Women are less healthy than men; people of color are less healthy than whites; lower educated individuals are less healthy than higher educated individuals ...


Intensive Referral To Mutual-Help Groups: A Field Trial Of Adaptations For Rural Veterans, Kathleen M. Grant, Lance Brendan Young, Kimberly A. Tyler, Jamie L. Simpson, R. Dario Pulido, Christine Timko 2018 VA Nebraska-Western Iowa Health Care System

Intensive Referral To Mutual-Help Groups: A Field Trial Of Adaptations For Rural Veterans, Kathleen M. Grant, Lance Brendan Young, Kimberly A. Tyler, Jamie L. Simpson, R. Dario Pulido, Christine Timko

Sociology Department, Faculty Publications

Objective: A multisite field trial testing whether improved outcomes associated with intensive referral to mutual help groups (MHGs) could be maintained after the intervention was adapted for the circumstances and needs of rural veterans in treatment for substance use disorder (SUD). Methods: In three Veterans Affairs treatment programs in the Midwest, patients (N = 195) received standard referral (SR) or rural-adapted intensive referral (RAIR) and were measured at baseline and 6-month follow-up. Results: Both groups reported significant improvement at 6 months but no significant differences between SR and RAIR groups in MHG participation, substance use, addiction severity, and posttraumatic stress symptoms ...


The Cultural Shaping Of Career Aspirations: Acculturation And Chinese Biculturals' Career Identity Styles, Dan Tao, Rui Zhang, Evelina Lou, Richard N. Lalonde 2018 Dickinson College

The Cultural Shaping Of Career Aspirations: Acculturation And Chinese Biculturals' Career Identity Styles, Dan Tao, Rui Zhang, Evelina Lou, Richard N. Lalonde

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

Choosing one’s occupation is an important life decision for young adults. This decision may be particularly complicated for biculturals who have access to two potentially conflicting sets of career-related cultural norms. The present study examined the role of both mainstream and heritage acculturations in the context of career decisions, for a sample of bicultural Chinese emerging adults in Canada (N = 194). Results first verified the validity of a modified measure of Berzonsky’s (1989) identity processing styles in the career domain. Path analysis supported our proposed model and showed that Canadian acculturation predicted an informational career identity style, whereas ...


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