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Diverging Development: The Not-So-Invisible Hand Of Social Class In The United States, Frank F. Furstenberg 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Diverging Development: The Not-So-Invisible Hand Of Social Class In The United States, Frank F. Furstenberg

Departmental Papers (Sociology)

The advantages and disadvantages associated with social class position build up over time, creating huge developmental differences in the course of growing up. This chapter discusses how development is shaped by social class position and, how the processes associated with class position are either mitigated or amplified over the early part of the life course. By early adulthood, gaping disparities exist between children growing up in disadvantaged and advantaged families. I discuss how these trajectories pose special problems for less advantaged youth making the transition to adulthood due to the need for resources to pay for higher education.


Quality Of Life And Adolescents In Rural Kentucky, Hatim A. Omar, Søren Ventegodt, Joav Merrick 2010 University of Kentucky

Quality Of Life And Adolescents In Rural Kentucky, Hatim A. Omar, Søren Ventegodt, Joav Merrick

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

In many rural areas in Kentucky, adolescents lack the basic assets for a good quality of life, such as having caring adults, a safe place and useful activities after school. In this chapter we analyze data from middle and high school students referred to a comprehensive school based health promotion center (SBHPC). From August 2006 to February 2008, a total of 382 students (200 female, 182 male, aged 12-18 years) were referred to the SBHPC for help. Only two (0.5%) students had two parents living with them and 12 (3.1 %) had safe, organized after school activities. 19.9 ...


Introduction To America's Four Gods: What We Say About God And What That Says About Us, Paul Froese, Christoper Bader 2010 Baylor University

Introduction To America's Four Gods: What We Say About God And What That Says About Us, Paul Froese, Christoper Bader

Sociology Faculty Books and Book Chapters

Despite all the hype surrounding the "New Atheism," the United States remains one of the most religious nations on Earth. In fact, 95% of Americans believe in God--a level of agreement rarely seen in American life. The greatest divisions in America are not between atheists and believers, or even between people of different faiths. What divides us, this groundbreaking book shows, is how we conceive of God and the role He plays in our daily lives.

America's Four Gods draws on the most wide-ranging, comprehensive, and illuminating survey of American's religious beliefs ever conducted to offer a systematic ...


A Non-Marital, Romantic Relationship Dissolution Study, Nicole B. Stork-Hestad 2010 University of Kentucky

A Non-Marital, Romantic Relationship Dissolution Study, Nicole B. Stork-Hestad

University of Kentucky Master's Theses

The present study examines three non-marital, romantic relationship dissolution types: (1) normal dyadic dissolution, (2) fatal attraction dissolution, and (3) social allergen dissolution among a sample of 321 emerging adults, who are between ages eighteen and twenty-nine. Results of an online survey revealed that normal dyadic dissolution occurred in 62%, social allergen dissolution occurred in 27%, and fatal attraction dissolution occurred in 11% of the participants’ relational demises. Results also revealed that there is a surprising amount of overlap between the three dissolution types, and that age is not specifically correlated with a particular dissolution type. However, there are two ...


A Phenomenological Examination Of The Influence Of Culture On Treating And Caring For Hispanic Children With Autism, Lynette Estrada 2010 Walden University

A Phenomenological Examination Of The Influence Of Culture On Treating And Caring For Hispanic Children With Autism, Lynette Estrada

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore and describe the influence culture has on the decisions Hispanic parents make to aid their children with autism. The research problems addressed are the influences culture may have on how professionals and external family members affect the choices parents make. Cultural and family systems theories formed the conceptual framework for the study. Researchers have found that cultural factors may lead to lower rates of diagnosis in Hispanic children with autism and parents' lack of knowledge of therapies and practices used to treat autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Five research questions guided this ...


An Examination Of The Relationship Between Family And U.S. Latinos’ Physical Health, Georgiana Bostean 2010 Chapman University

An Examination Of The Relationship Between Family And U.S. Latinos’ Physical Health, Georgiana Bostean

Sociology Faculty Articles and Research

Latinos, especially immigrant Latinos, have lower mortality rates and some better health outcomes than U.S.-born Latinos and whites, a situation called the Latino Paradox. One explanation for the advantage is that Latinos’ family orientation protects health. However, because few large-scale studies examine Latinos’ family relationships by nativity, the extent to which family factors contribute to Latinos’ health outcomes is unclear. Additionally, while a large literature focuses on family cohesion, fewer studies address both cohesion and conflict, which may be particularly important among immigrants, whose migration and adaptation experiences can strain family relations. This study examines the relationship between ...


Domestication Alone Does Not Lead To Inequality: Intergenerational Wealth Transmission Among Horticulturalists, Michael Gurven, Monique Borgerhoff Mulder, Paul L. Hooper, Hillard Kaplan, Robert Quinlan, Rebecca Sear, Eric Schniter, Christopher von Rueden, Samuel Bowles, Tom Hertz, Adrian Bell 2010 University of California - Santa Barbara

Domestication Alone Does Not Lead To Inequality: Intergenerational Wealth Transmission Among Horticulturalists, Michael Gurven, Monique Borgerhoff Mulder, Paul L. Hooper, Hillard Kaplan, Robert Quinlan, Rebecca Sear, Eric Schniter, Christopher Von Rueden, Samuel Bowles, Tom Hertz, Adrian Bell

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

We present empirical measures of wealth inequality and its intergenerational transmission among four horticulturalist populations. Wealth is construed broadly as embodied somatic and neural capital, including body size, fertility and cultural knowledge, material capital such as land and household wealth, and relational capital in the form of coalitional support and field labor. Wealth inequality is moderate for most forms of wealth, and intergenerational wealth transmission is low for material resources and moderate for embodied and relational wealth. Our analysis suggests that domestication alone does not transform social structure; rather, the presence of scarce, defensible resources may be required before inequality ...


Family Involvement For Children With Disruptive Behaviors: The Role Of Parenting Stress And Motivational Beliefs, Carrie A. Semke, S. Andrew Garbacz, Kyongboon Kwon, Susan M. Sheridan, Kathryn Woods 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Family Involvement For Children With Disruptive Behaviors: The Role Of Parenting Stress And Motivational Beliefs, Carrie A. Semke, S. Andrew Garbacz, Kyongboon Kwon, Susan M. Sheridan, Kathryn Woods

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Research on Children, Youth, Families, and Schools

Children with disruptive behaviors are at risk for adverse outcomes. Family involvement is a significant predictor of positive child behavior outcomes; however, little research has investigated parent psychological variables that influence family involvement for children with disruptive behaviors. This study investigated the role of parental motivational beliefs (i.e., role construction and efficacy) as a potential mechanism by which parenting stress impacts family involvement for families of children with disruptive behaviors. Results indicated that parent role construction mediated the relation between parenting stress and all aspects of family involvement examined (i.e., home-based involvement, school-based involvement, and home–school communication ...


Parenting Self-Efficacy And Parenting Practices Over Time In Mexican American Families, Larry E. Dumka, Nancy A. Gonzales, Lorey A. Wheeler, Roger E. Millsap 2010 University of Arizona

Parenting Self-Efficacy And Parenting Practices Over Time In Mexican American Families, Larry E. Dumka, Nancy A. Gonzales, Lorey A. Wheeler, Roger E. Millsap

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Research on Children, Youth, Families, and Schools

Drawing on social cognitive theory, this study used a longitudinal cross-lagged panel design and a structural equation modeling approach to evaluate parenting self-efficacy's reciprocal and causal associations with parents' positive control practices over time to predict adolescents' conduct problems. Data were obtained from teachers, mothers, and adolescents in 189 Mexican American families living in the southwest U.S. After accounting for contemporaneous reciprocal relationships between parenting self-efficacy (PSE) and positive control, results indicated that parenting self-efficacy predicted future positive control practices rather than the reverse. PSE also showed direct effects on decreased adolescent conduct problems. PSE functioned in an ...


Clergy Family Systems Training And How It Changes Clergy Leadership Attitudes And Practices, Michael J. Aufderhar 2010 Andrews University

Clergy Family Systems Training And How It Changes Clergy Leadership Attitudes And Practices, Michael J. Aufderhar

Dissertations

Problem. Clergy persons without an awareness of their family system patterns and reactivity often exercise their leadership in unhealthy ways that are damaging to their congregations. This study described changes in leadership attitudes and practices experienced by clergy participants in a Family Systems training program conducted by Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary.

Method. This qualitative case study followed a narrative design. I collected data while participating in the program and 3 years later conducted semi-structured person-to-person interviews with all participants who were willing and available. The data also include drawings by each participant depicting their experience before and after the intervention ...


Kansans Optimizing Health Postcard, Debra M. Sellers 2010 Kansas State University

Kansans Optimizing Health Postcard, Debra M. Sellers

Debra M. Sellers

For people with ongoing health issues, their family members and caregivers. Deal with problems, using communication, medication, exercise, and diet.


Economic Pressure, Parent Personality And Child Development : An Interactionist Analysis, Rand D. Conger, Thomas J. Schofield, Katherine J. Conger, Tricia K. Neppl 2010 University of California, Davis

Economic Pressure, Parent Personality And Child Development : An Interactionist Analysis, Rand D. Conger, Thomas J. Schofield, Katherine J. Conger, Tricia K. Neppl

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

That positive personality characteristics in the youth age of the G2 would predict less economic stresses in the adult age. At the same time, these positive personality traits were expected to stop the negative family processes that are likely to hinder a competent development in G3. The findings were consistent with the selection aspect in the interactionist model. The model also said beforehand that economic stress and other family-related stress processes influenced the development of G3 over the earlier G2 personality. The socialization aspect in the interactionist model thus also received support. However,

The findings were consistent with this social ...


Understanding Centenarians' Psychosocial Dynamics And Their Contributions To Health And Quality Of Life, Leonard W. Poon, Jennifer A. Margrett, Peter Martin, Alex Bishop, Jinmyoung Cho, Grace da Rosa, Neha Deshpande, Robert Hensley, Maurice MacDonald, G. Kevin Randal, John L. Woodard, L. Stephen Miller 2010 University of Georgia

Understanding Centenarians' Psychosocial Dynamics And Their Contributions To Health And Quality Of Life, Leonard W. Poon, Jennifer A. Margrett, Peter Martin, Alex Bishop, Jinmyoung Cho, Grace Da Rosa, Neha Deshpande, Robert Hensley, Maurice Macdonald, G. Kevin Randal, John L. Woodard, L. Stephen Miller

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

While it is understood that longevity and health are influenced by complex interactions among biological, psychological, and sociological factors, there is a general lack of understanding on how psychosocial factors impact longevity, health, and quality of life among the oldest old. One of the reasons for this paradox is that the amount of funded research on aging in the US is significantly larger in the biomedical compared to psychosocial domains. The goals of this paper are to highlight recent data to demonstrate the impact of four pertinent psychosocial domains on health and quality of life of the oldest old and ...


Dying In A Rural Residential Aged Care Facility: An Action Research And Reflection Project To Improve End Of Life Care To Residents With A Non-Malignant Disease, Joanne Rowley 2010 Southern Cross University

Dying In A Rural Residential Aged Care Facility: An Action Research And Reflection Project To Improve End Of Life Care To Residents With A Non-Malignant Disease, Joanne Rowley

Theses

This qualitative research explored end of life care provided to people dying with a non malignant disease in two Australian rural, residential aged care facilities. Residential aged care facilities provide end of life care for many people dying from non malignant diseases. The illness trajectory in non malignant diseases can be difficult to predict and symptom management can be challenging. Further, as the Australian population ages, the demand for optimal end of life care for frail, older people is anticipated to increase. Therefore, this study aimed to explore issues as identified by nurses and relatives of residents dying from a ...


Adolescents’ Health Behaviors And Obesity: Does Race Affect This Epidemic?, Bernice A. Dodor, Mack C. Shelley II, Cheryl O. Hausafus 2010 East Carolina University

Adolescents’ Health Behaviors And Obesity: Does Race Affect This Epidemic?, Bernice A. Dodor, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Cheryl O. Hausafus

Political Science Publications

This study explores the influence of health behaviors and individual attributes on adolescent overweight and obesity using data from Wave II (Add Health). Structural equation model/ path analysis using maximum likelihood estimation was utilized to analyze the relationships of health behaviors and attributes with obesity. Results of the model reveal that the causal paths (adolescents’ attributes and health behaviors) for overweight and obesity were different for African American and Caucasian adolescents. Generally, African Americans were more susceptible to overweight and obesity than Caucasians. Although increasing levels of vigorous physical activities lowers the risk for obesity among African American and Caucasian ...


Fp-10-08 Same-Sex Couple Households In The U.S., 2009, Kristy M. Krivickas 2010 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Fp-10-08 Same-Sex Couple Households In The U.S., 2009, Kristy M. Krivickas

National Center for Family and Marriage Research Family Profiles

This profile examines Same-Sex Couple households in the United States in 2009.


Living Life In Residential Aged Care: A Process Of Continuous Adjustment, Barbara McKenzie-Green 2010 Australian Catholic University

Living Life In Residential Aged Care: A Process Of Continuous Adjustment, Barbara Mckenzie-Green

Theses

The aim of this study was to examine whether, and how, residents living in residential aged care homes become involved in their care, and what areas of their care and life they work to influence or negotiate.


8 Great Dates For Moms And Daughters, Dannah (Barker) Gresh 2010 Cedarville University

8 Great Dates For Moms And Daughters, Dannah (Barker) Gresh

Alumni Book Gallery

With all the pressures and influences of today's world, Christian moms worry about their little girls and how they will grow up. Quality time between a mom and a daughter can be the greatest protection against the world's pressures to make a girl mature too quickly. Knowing this, Dannah Gresh, popular speaker and founder of the Secret Keeper Girl conferences, has developed a host of dating ideas to help moms invest the time needed to deeply connect with their daughters. 8 Great Dates includes fun mother-daughter get-togethers, perfect one-on-one or for a small group of moms and their ...


Six Ways To Keep The "Little" In Your Girl: Guiding Your Daughter From Her Tweens To Her Teens, Dannah (Barker) Gresh 2010 Cedarville University

Six Ways To Keep The "Little" In Your Girl: Guiding Your Daughter From Her Tweens To Her Teens, Dannah (Barker) Gresh

Alumni Book Gallery

Bestselling author, speaker, and founder of the Secret Keeper Girl conferences, Dannah Gresh shares with moms the secret to helping today's girls grow up confident, grace-filled, and strong in their faith. Studies show that the foundation for an emotionally healthy teen girl is built between the ages of 8-12 and that a good relationship with mom is one of the most important factors. So when the world wants girls to grow up too fast, how does a mother help her young daughter navigate the stormy waters of boy-craziness, modesty and body image, media, Internet safety, and more? With a ...


Stress And Coping Model For Family Caregivers Of Older Adults, Anne Branscum 2010 Iowa State University

Stress And Coping Model For Family Caregivers Of Older Adults, Anne Branscum

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study evaluated coping behaviors and social support mediation on the relationship between stress and the outcome variables of perceived physical health and life satisfaction through a progression of models. It was found that although coping behaviors and social support were not mediators, these variables continue to be significant in the caregiving process. Caregivers were found to have significant path differences based on ethnicity, relationship to the care receiver, and gender.


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