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Exiting Prostitution: An Integrated Model, Lynda M. Baker, Rochelle Dalla, Celia Williamson 2010 Wayne State University, Detroit, MI

Exiting Prostitution: An Integrated Model, Lynda M. Baker, Rochelle Dalla, Celia Williamson

Faculty Publications, Department of Child, Youth, and Family Studies

Exiting street-level prostitution is a complex, convoluted process. Few studies have described this process within any formal conceptual framework. This article reviews two general models and two prostitution-specific models and their applicability to the exiting process. Barriers encountered as women attempt to leave the streets are identified. Based on the four models, the barriers, the prostitution literature, and the authors’ experience with prostituted women, a new integrated six-stage model that is comprehensive in scope and sensitive to women’s attempts to exit prostitution is offered as a foundation for continued research on the process of women leaving the streets.


Rural Community Longevity: Capitalizing On Diversity For Immigrant Residential Stability, Rochelle Dalla, Tammy R. Stuhmer, Jennifer G. DeLeón, Maria Isabel León Carreño 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Rural Community Longevity: Capitalizing On Diversity For Immigrant Residential Stability, Rochelle Dalla, Tammy R. Stuhmer, Jennifer G. Deleón, Maria Isabel León Carreño

Faculty Publications, Department of Child, Youth, and Family Studies

The premise of this research is that rural immigrants comprise a significant source of untapped human and social capital necessary for community development. However, to capitalize on the growing ethnic diversity in rural America, immigrant newcomers must want to stay in their new rural communities. This investigation was designed to identify factors necessary to enhance rural Latino immigrants’ long-term residential stability. Thus, we sought to: (1) identify perceptions of rural residence, with particular attention to employment opportunities and challenges; (2) assess formal support availability and community issues of greatest concern to rural Latinas; and (3) identify strategies for creating bi-cultural ...


“All The Men Here Have The Peter Pan Syndrome— They Don’T Want To Grow Up”: Navajo Adolescent Mothers’ Intimate Partner Relationships—A 15-Year Perspective, Rochelle Dalla, Alexandria M. Marchetti, Elizabeth (Beth) A. Sechrest, Jennifer L. White 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

“All The Men Here Have The Peter Pan Syndrome— They Don’T Want To Grow Up”: Navajo Adolescent Mothers’ Intimate Partner Relationships—A 15-Year Perspective, Rochelle Dalla, Alexandria M. Marchetti, Elizabeth (Beth) A. Sechrest, Jennifer L. White

Faculty Publications, Department of Child, Youth, and Family Studies

In 1992 and 1995, data were collected from 29 Navajo Native American adolescent mothers. In 2007 and 2008, data were collected from 21 of the original 29 (72%). Guided by feminist family theory, this investigation sought to (a) examine Navajo adolescent mothers’ intimate partner relationships during the transition to parenthood, (b) identify themes in the young mothers’ intimate partnerships across time, and (c) assess participants’ psychosocial well-being in adulthood. Four themes emerged in the women’s long-term intimate relationships: limited support, substance abuse, infidelity, and intimate partner violence. Implications of the findings and suggestions for future research are discussed.


Risk Factors For Poor Attendance In A Family-Based Pediatric Obesity Intervention Program For Young Children, Natalie A. Williams, Mace Coday, Grant Somes, Frances A. Tylavsky, Phyllis A. Richey, Marion Hare 2010 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Risk Factors For Poor Attendance In A Family-Based Pediatric Obesity Intervention Program For Young Children, Natalie A. Williams, Mace Coday, Grant Somes, Frances A. Tylavsky, Phyllis A. Richey, Marion Hare

Faculty Publications, Department of Child, Youth, and Family Studies

Objective—This study examined the role of demographic characteristics, psychological factors, and family functioning on attendance in a randomized controlled trial of a family-based pediatric obesity program.

Method—Participants included 155 children between the ages of 4 and 7 years (M age = 5.77, 57.4% female, 73.6% African-American, M BMI = 25.5) and their primary caregivers who were randomized to the treatment group. Three groups of participants were created based on their patterns of attendance during the program: 1) noncompleters, 2) partial completers, and 3) completers.

Results—Results indicated no differences among the attendance groups in child gender ...


Gendered Disparities In Take-Ups Of Employee Health Benefits, Jennifer Reid Keene, Anastasia H. Prokos 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Gendered Disparities In Take-Ups Of Employee Health Benefits, Jennifer Reid Keene, Anastasia H. Prokos

Sociology Faculty Publications

Using a sample of 2,271 workers from the 2002 National Study of the Changing Workforce whose employers offered personal health insurance, this article investigates the gendered nature of health insurance benefit take-ups. These analyses include family and employment characteristics in addition to employers’ contributions to health insurance premiums, a measure that is unexamined in sociological analyses of health benefits. Progressive logistic regression models predict the effects of gender and family characteristics. Results indicate that women with employed spouses are less likely to take up their own health benefits than are comparable men, net of basic employment characteristics. Gender differences ...


Disentangling Fathering And Mothering: The Role Of Youth Personality., Heidi Stolz, B Barber, J Olsen, L Clifford 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Disentangling Fathering And Mothering: The Role Of Youth Personality., Heidi Stolz, B Barber, J Olsen, L Clifford

Heidi E Stolz

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the possibility that mothers' and fathers' support are differentially moderated by personality-informed latent classes in predicting youth social initiative, therefore making contingent the previously detected pattern of fathers' support being more impactful than mothers' support with regard to this outcome. To test this, we conducted mixture model regression analyses (separately for boys and girls). Guided by prior research, we used the youth personality scales activity, openness, and fearlessness, along with mothers' and fathers' support, to index the latent class assignments from the mixture model. Results for both boys and girls suggested ...


Childhood Morbidity And Health In Early Adulthood: Life Course Linkages In A High Morbidity Context., Rachel Margolis 2009 University of Western Ontario

Childhood Morbidity And Health In Early Adulthood: Life Course Linkages In A High Morbidity Context., Rachel Margolis

Rachel Margolis

This paper examines whether morbidity in early or later childhood is associated with health later in life. I investigate the relationship between five types of childhood morbidity and risk factors for cardiovascular disease among Guatemalan adults who experienced high levels of morbidity in childhood. The analysis is based on the Human Capital Study (2002–2004), a recent follow-up of the INCAP Longitudinal Study conducted between 1969 and 1977. I find that most types of childhood morbidity are associated with poorer adult health, independent of family background, adult socioeconomic status, and health behaviors. Higher levels of infections in childhood were associated ...


Testing Self-Efficacy As A Pathway That Supports Self Care Among Family Caregivers In A Psychoeducational Intervention, Marie Savundranayagam, M. Brintnall-Peterson 2009 Western University

Testing Self-Efficacy As A Pathway That Supports Self Care Among Family Caregivers In A Psychoeducational Intervention, Marie Savundranayagam, M. Brintnall-Peterson

Marie Y Savundranayagam

This study investigated the extent to which a psychoeducational intervention supports family-centered care by influencing health risk and self-care behaviors of caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer's disease (N = 325). Moreover, this study investigated the extent to which changes in self-efficacy explained changes in health risk and self-care behaviors. Data were analyzed using repeated measures and multivariate analysis of variance and multiple regression. Qualitative written accounts of the impact of the intervention augmented the quantitative findings. The study's findings revealed that family caregivers experienced reductions in health risk behaviors and improvements in exercise, stress management, and relaxation activities as ...


Professional Preparation Systems For Parenting Educators: Identification, Perceived Value, And Demand For A National Credential., Heidi Stolz, T Henke, D Brandon, J Sams 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Professional Preparation Systems For Parenting Educators: Identification, Perceived Value, And Demand For A National Credential., Heidi Stolz, T Henke, D Brandon, J Sams

Heidi E Stolz

The study reported here examined professional preparation systems (PPS) for parenting educators via an online survey of 324 Extension Specialists and members of the National Parenting Education Network (NPEN) and Certified Family Life Educator (CFLE) listservs. Eighty-one PPS of six general types were identified. Curriculum-specific training and university degrees were perceived as contributing more to parenting educator knowledge and skills than to professional identity, but the reverse was true for state-based credentials/certificates, state-based licenses, and a national parenting education credential. Eighty-six percent of respondents were somewhat likely or highly likely to pursue a national parenting education credential if one ...


Combating Childhood Obesity: Training The Next Generation Of Transdisciplinary Public Health Nutrition Professionals, Heidi Stolz 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Combating Childhood Obesity: Training The Next Generation Of Transdisciplinary Public Health Nutrition Professionals, Heidi Stolz

Heidi E Stolz

(Not funded, 2010). Co-Investigator on Dr. Hollie Raynor’s USDA Educational Grant.


Impact Of Role Discrepancies On Caregiver Burden Among Spouses, Marie Savundranayagam, R. Montgomery 2009 Western University

Impact Of Role Discrepancies On Caregiver Burden Among Spouses, Marie Savundranayagam, R. Montgomery

Marie Y Savundranayagam

Using caregiver identity theory, the authors investigated whether role discrepancies mediated the relationships between illness-related stressors (activities of daily living [ADLs] limitations and problem behaviors) and burden (stress, relationship, and objective burden) for spouse caregivers. Participants completed measures of identity standards for spouse and caregiver roles and behaviors, burden, assistance with ADLs, and problem behaviors. Structural equation modeling analyses revealed that role discrepancies completely mediated the relationships between ADLs and stress and relationship burden. Although role discrepancies mediated the relationships between problem behaviors and all forms of burden, there were direct relationships between problem behaviors and burden. Finally, participants who ...


Evaluating “Parent Project:” A Multi-Site Inquiry, Heidi Stolz, L Vargas, L Clifford, H Gaedt, C Garcia 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Evaluating “Parent Project:” A Multi-Site Inquiry, Heidi Stolz, L Vargas, L Clifford, H Gaedt, C Garcia

Heidi E Stolz

This study evaluates Parent Project®, a parent education program for parents of at-risk adolescents. A logic model was created to highlight the relationship between program theory and measured constructs. Results comparing pre-workshop data with Week 10 data suggested significant increases in parent-reported parental support, parental behavioral control, and youth achievement, and significant decreases in youth antisocial behavior. Youth reported significant increases in maternal and paternal support and maternal behavioral control and significant decreases in antisocial behaviors.


Kansans Optimizing Health Postcard, Debra M. Sellers 2009 Kansas State University

Kansans Optimizing Health Postcard, Debra M. Sellers

Debra M. Sellers

For people with ongoing health issues, their family members and caregivers. Deal with problems, using communication, medication, exercise, and diet.


Place For Personhood: Individual And Local Character In Lifestyle Migration, Brian A. Hoey 2009 Marshall University

Place For Personhood: Individual And Local Character In Lifestyle Migration, Brian A. Hoey

Brian A. Hoey, Ph.D.

While drawing on literature of narrative interpretations of the construction of self and place-based, embodied identity, this article will explore the impact of invasive market forces on intertwined processes of person, self, and place-making. It considers how resources for these projects have changed in the face of translocal market forces and neoliberal ideals. Despite numerous proclamations of an essential placelessness to contemporary American society, place continues to be a basic part of the construction of the person. In fact, a variety of place-making practices are increasingly pursued as ways of negotiating tension between personal experience with material demands in pursuit ...


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