Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Demography, Population, and Ecology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2790 Full-Text Articles 2402 Authors 898525 Downloads 122 Institutions

All Articles in Demography, Population, and Ecology

Faceted Search

2790 full-text articles. Page 68 of 69.

Indigenous Health – Australia, Canada, New Zealand And The United States - Laying Claim To A Future That Embraces Health For Us All., Lisa Jackson Pulver, Melissa R. Haswell, Ian Ring, John Waldon, Wayne Clark, Valorie Whetung, Dianne Kinnon, Catherine Graham, Michelle Chino, Jonathon LaValley, Christina Compher, Ritu Sadana 2010 University of New South Wales

Indigenous Health – Australia, Canada, New Zealand And The United States - Laying Claim To A Future That Embraces Health For Us All., Lisa Jackson Pulver, Melissa R. Haswell, Ian Ring, John Waldon, Wayne Clark, Valorie Whetung, Dianne Kinnon, Catherine Graham, Michelle Chino, Jonathon Lavalley, Christina Compher, Ritu Sadana

Community Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Improving the health of all peoples has been a call across the globe for many decades and unfortunately remains relevant today, particularly given the large disparities in health status of peoples found around the world. Rather than differences in health, or health inequalities, we use a different term, health inequities. This is so as mere differences in health (or "inequalities") can be common in societies and do not necessarily reflect unfair social policies or practices. For example, natural ageing implies older people are more prone to illness. Yet, when differences are systematic, socially produced and unfair, these are considered health ...


Prospects For A Rim County Population Rebound: Can Quality Of Place Lure In-Migrants?, David Vail 2010 Bowdoin College

Prospects For A Rim County Population Rebound: Can Quality Of Place Lure In-Migrants?, David Vail

Maine Policy Review

David Vail asks whether population will rebound in Maine’s rural “rim” counties and whether investing to enhance “quality of place” can attract large numbers of rural settlers. Review of the evidence suggests that Maine’s rim counties are not experiencing a population rebound and that rural counties vary greatly in their ability to hold onto existing residents or attract new ones. Vail argues that quality-of-place investments should not be considered as a core development tool for rural areas, but that they can complement traditional rural economic policy measures. Since it is difficult to stimulate a major population movement to ...


The Changing Faces Of America’S Children And Youth, Kenneth M. Johnson, Daniel T. Lichter 2010 University of New Hampshire

The Changing Faces Of America’S Children And Youth, Kenneth M. Johnson, Daniel T. Lichter

Sociology Scholarship

Recent U.S. Census Bureau projections indicate that by the middle of this century, non-Hispanic whites will cease to be a majority of the American population. In this article we document how for America’s youngest residents, the future is already here. America’s rapidly changing racial and ethnic composition has important implications for intergroup relations, ethnic identities, and electoral politics.


The Informal Recycler In Shanghai: Mobility, Migration And Citizenship, Adam Stokes Williams 2010 University of Colorado Boulder

The Informal Recycler In Shanghai: Mobility, Migration And Citizenship, Adam Stokes Williams

Geography Graduate Theses & Dissertations

As social and economic realities shift in China's post-reform era, increasing instability for the country's hundreds of millions of migrant workers. The recent, dramatic growth of informal markets for recyclable waste represents a valuable opportunity for geographers to reinterpret how migrant labor is transforming urban identities. This thesis argues for a grounded study of informal recycling in Shanghai, now the world's largest receiving port for recyclables as well as hundreds of thousands of domestic migrants. Perhaps more than any other class in the Chinese labor forces, migrant workers participating in informal urban markets face myriad social and ...


El Sistema De Pensiones Español: ¿Puede La Inmigración Prevenir Una Crisis Futura?, Gregory J. Sanford 2010 Claremont McKenna College

El Sistema De Pensiones Español: ¿Puede La Inmigración Prevenir Una Crisis Futura?, Gregory J. Sanford

CMC Senior Theses

El envejecimiento de la población, una baja tasa de natalidad y la inminente jubilación de la generación “baby-boom” han aumentado preocupación para la estabilidad del sistema de pensiones en España. Según muchos estudios, el sistema de pensiones va a sufrir un déficit en el año 2030. Esta tesis investiga si la inmigración puede ayudar a evitar una futura crisis de pensiones y ofrece otras soluciones que en combinación con la inmigración pueden asegurar la estabilidad del sistema de pensiones en el largo plazo.

Population aging, a low birthrate, and the impending retirement of the Baby Boom generation has increased concern ...


Nutritional Status Of Mothers And Low Birth Weight In India, A Dharmalingam, K Navaneetham, C Krishnakumar 2009 Selected Works

Nutritional Status Of Mothers And Low Birth Weight In India, A Dharmalingam, K Navaneetham, C Krishnakumar

K Navaneetham

No abstract provided.


A Polemic On A ‘Faked’ Divorce Case (婚辯:從傅崐萁的「假離婚」談起), Jui-Chung Allen Li 2009 Academia Sinica

A Polemic On A ‘Faked’ Divorce Case (婚辯:從傅崐萁的「假離婚」談起), Jui-Chung Allen Li

Jui-Chung Allen Li

No abstract provided.


Briefing Paper: The Impact Of Divorce On Children’S Behavior Problems (With Media Reports), Jui-Chung Allen Li 2009 Academia Sinica

Briefing Paper: The Impact Of Divorce On Children’S Behavior Problems (With Media Reports), Jui-Chung Allen Li

Jui-Chung Allen Li

No abstract provided.


Retirement Planning Of Younger Baby-Boomers: Who Wants Financial Advice?, Swarn Chatterjee, Velma Zahirovic-Herbert 2009 University of Georgia

Retirement Planning Of Younger Baby-Boomers: Who Wants Financial Advice?, Swarn Chatterjee, Velma Zahirovic-Herbert

Swarn Chatterjee

This paper uses a recent wave of a nationally representative survey to determine the predictors of financial planning services utilization among younger baby boomers. The results suggest that cognitive factors and factors related to human capital, such as IQ and educational attainment, are positively associated with use of financial planning services in this group. The study also shows that participation in a tax-advantaged account and higher net worth increase the probability that a person will seek professional financial advice. The paper provides useful information for financial planning practitioners, economists, and policy makers.


O Uso Da Informação Quantitativa Em História – Tópicos Para Discussão, Heitor Moura 2009 UNIRIO-Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

O Uso Da Informação Quantitativa Em História – Tópicos Para Discussão, Heitor Moura

Heitor Moura Filho

This paper discusses quantitative information as a historiographic instrument: its individual characteristics and those it shows in sets of data, its capacity to describe historical phenomena and the uses historian give to them. It specially examines the sense and limits of quantitative precision in historiographic practice. It also discusses various aspects of the object of quantitative information, its process of generation and the standard in which it is expressed. It analyses the consequences of homogeneity and heterogeneity in time series and synchronic data.


Energy Abundance, Trade And Industry Location, Nicole Mathys, Reyer Gerlagh 2009 Federal office for Spatial Development, University of Neuchâtel

Energy Abundance, Trade And Industry Location, Nicole Mathys, Reyer Gerlagh

Nicole Andréa Mathys

We study the effect of countries’ energy abundance on trade and sector activity, conditional on sector’s energy intensity, using an unbalanced panel with 14 high-income countries from Europe, America and Asia, 10 broad sectors, and years 1970-1997. We find that (i) countries with large energy endowments have low energy prices, and are thus energy abundant both on micro and macro level. (ii) Energy abundant countries have a high level of energy embodied in exports relative to imports. (iii) Energy intensive sectors export from and (iv) have higher economic activity in energy abundant countries. (v) The trade and location effects ...


The Population And Society Of Taiwan (台灣的人口社會結構預測), Jui-Chung Allen Li 2009 Academia Sinica

The Population And Society Of Taiwan (台灣的人口社會結構預測), Jui-Chung Allen Li

Jui-Chung Allen Li

No abstract provided.


Gender, Resources, And Wife Abuse In Hong Kong, Adam Ka-Lok Cheung, Susanne Yuk-Ping Choi 2009 National University of singapore

Gender, Resources, And Wife Abuse In Hong Kong, Adam Ka-Lok Cheung, Susanne Yuk-Ping Choi

Adam Ka-Lok Cheung

Wife abuse is the most common form of violence against women. Using original couple data collected from 871 families in a New Town in Hong Kong, this study examines the interplay between gender role attitudes of husband and resources disparities between husband and wife on wife abuse. Our findings show that compared with women from families where men were the sole providers, women from dual earner families who earned more than their husbands had a greater risk of violence, while women who earned less than their husbands had a lower risk of violence. The risk of violence against women who ...


. Socioeconomic Inequalities In Child Health: Recent Evidence From India, William Joe, U Mishra, K Navaneetham 2009 Selected Works

. Socioeconomic Inequalities In Child Health: Recent Evidence From India, William Joe, U Mishra, K Navaneetham

K Navaneetham

No abstract provided.


A Global Perspective On Happiness And Fertility, Rachel Margolis, Mikko Myrskyla 2009 University of Western Ontario

A Global Perspective On Happiness And Fertility, Rachel Margolis, Mikko Myrskyla

Rachel Margolis

The literature on fertility and happiness has neglected comparative analysis. we investigate the fertility/happiness association using data from the world values Surveys for 86 countries. we fnd that, globally, happiness decreases with the number of children. this association, however, is strongly modifed by individual and contextual factors. most importantly, we find that the association between happiness and fertility evolves from negative to neutral to positive above age 40, and is strongest among those who are likely to beneft most from upward intergenerational transfers. in addition, analyses by welfare regime show that the negative fertility/ happiness association for younger adults ...


Global Manufacturing So2 Emissions: Does Trade Matter?, Nicole Mathys, Jean-Marie Grether, Jaime Melo 2009 University of Geneva

Global Manufacturing So2 Emissions: Does Trade Matter?, Nicole Mathys, Jean-Marie Grether, Jaime Melo

Nicole Andréa Mathys

A growth-decomposition (scale, technique and composition effect) covering 62 countries and seven manufacturing sectors over the 1990–2000 period shows that trade, through reallocations of activities across countries, has contributed to a 2–3% decrease in world SO2 emissions. However, when compared to a constructed counterfactual no-trade benchmark, depending on the base year, trade would have contributed to a 3–10% increase in emissions. Finally adding emissions coming from trade-related transport activities, global emissions are increased through trade by 16% in 1990 and 13% in 2000, the decline being largely attributable to a shift of dirty activities towards cleaner countries.


當代歐美社會研究國際研討會後記, Jui-Chung Allen Li, Min-Hsiung Huang 2009 Academia Sinica

當代歐美社會研究國際研討會後記, Jui-Chung Allen Li, Min-Hsiung Huang

Jui-Chung Allen Li

No abstract provided.


O Tratamento Historiográfico De Registros De Óbitos, Heitor Moura 2009 UNIRIO-Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

O Tratamento Historiográfico De Registros De Óbitos, Heitor Moura

Heitor Moura Filho

This text discusses problems found in the analysis of death statistics, specially in the calculation of gross or specific mortality rates, based on incomplete demographic records, such as common in 19th- and early 20th-century Brazil.


Leadership And Membership Structure Of Migrant Associations: The Case Of Nigerian Migrant Associations In Accra, Ghana, Thomas ANTWI BOSIAKOH 2009 University of Ghana

Leadership And Membership Structure Of Migrant Associations: The Case Of Nigerian Migrant Associations In Accra, Ghana, Thomas Antwi Bosiakoh

Thomas ANTWI BOSIAKOH

Migrant associations are a worldwide phenomenon, featuring in much of the migration studies literature. However, much of these studies focus on migrant associations in theUSA mostly of Latino migrants from Central and Latin America. In Africa and more particularly Ghana, literature on migrant associations is paltry. The few that exist only explore their development impacts on the migration sending areas. In this paper, I explore three Nigerian migrant associations in Accra, Ghana. The leadership and membership structures of the Nigerian Women, Nigerian Committee of Brothers and the Edo State associations in Accra, Ghana are under the spotlight of this discourse ...


Ageing Population And Health Care Services In The Asia Pacific Region, Cheung Ming, Alfred CHAN, Phoebe, P. K. TANG, Hok Ka, Carol MA 2009 Lingnan University

Ageing Population And Health Care Services In The Asia Pacific Region, Cheung Ming, Alfred Chan, Phoebe, P. K. Tang, Hok Ka, Carol Ma

Dr. MA, Hok Ka, Carol

Population ageing is an unprecedented phenomenon happening around the world. In the Asia Pacific Region, it has become an issue of concern since the last decade, due mainly to the rapid increase of aged population combined with the ever-decreasing fertility rate in the Region. Having seen the failures of our counterparts in Europe and the States, whose age-care systems are financed with high taxation, to sustain the level of security for aged care as aged population continues to grow while labour participation declines. There are clear signs in developed economies in the Asia Pacific region (e.g. Japan, Australia, Singapore ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress