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Diverging Family Structure And “Rational” Behavior: The Decline In Marriage As A Disorder Of Choice, Amy L. Wax 2010 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Diverging Family Structure And “Rational” Behavior: The Decline In Marriage As A Disorder Of Choice, Amy L. Wax

Faculty Scholarship

The past fifty years have witnessed a growing divergence in family structure by social class, income, education, and race. The goal is to explain why significant segments of the population are moving away from the traditional patterns of family and reproduction. Most demographers acknowledge that external and material constraints fail to account for most of the present dispersion by class and race in marriage, divorce, and patterns of childbearing. Nor do these factors explain the widening of disparities over time. In attempting to improve on prior theories, this paper proposes a different explanation for these developments. It argues that demographic ...


The Integrative Functions Of Post-Industrial U.S. Labor Market For Marriage Formation: Three Essays, Lijun Yang 2010 University of Pennsylvania

The Integrative Functions Of Post-Industrial U.S. Labor Market For Marriage Formation: Three Essays, Lijun Yang

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The deteriorating labor market position of young men has arguably played an important role in later and less frequent marriage since the 1970s. This dissertation examines the relationship between men’s socioeconomic characteristics and marriage formation and the labor market causes of marriage declines since the 1970s. It is motivated by three aspects of labor market changes that have characterized the post-industrial U.S. economy: the historic shift in labor market returns to schooling, women’s occupational integration and changes in men’s career entry. I find that: (1) Erosion in the employment opportunities of noncollege educated black men is ...


Till Death Do Us Part Or The Lease Runs Out: A Reassessment Of Cohabitation And Marriage In The United States, Arielle T. Kuperberg 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Till Death Do Us Part Or The Lease Runs Out: A Reassessment Of Cohabitation And Marriage In The United States, Arielle T. Kuperberg

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Cohabitation and marriage in the United States are converging relationships for those cohabiters who eventually marry. Using the “National Survey of Families and Households” and the “National Survey of Family Growth” as data sources, this dissertation examines trends over time in cohabitation and the types of people who cohabit before marriage, differences in behavior across relationship stages, and the impact of age at entrance into cohabitation on later divorce probability. Between 1965 and 2002 premarital cohabitation has become a more common and longer lasting relationship stage, and those who do not cohabit with their partner before marriage are an increasingly ...


Terrorism In Pakistan: Incident Patterns, Terrorists’ Characteristics, And The Impact Of Terrorist Arrests On Terrorism, Syed Ejaz Hussain 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Terrorism In Pakistan: Incident Patterns, Terrorists’ Characteristics, And The Impact Of Terrorist Arrests On Terrorism, Syed Ejaz Hussain

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation, in a 3-paper format, uses three data sets to study three aspects of terrorism in Pakistan. In the first paper, using data from the GTD, I describe empirically the temporal and spatial patterns of terrorism incidents in Pakistan from 1974 to 2007. In addition, I also describe the patterns in target types, weapon types and terrorist types and the patterns prior to and following the U.S.-led invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. Analysis methods include the univariate time series, descriptive statistics and the GIS. The study offers new insights on the measurement of terrorism, the cyclical nature ...


Essays On The Macroeconomics Of Labor Markets, Sergiy Stetsenko 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Essays On The Macroeconomics Of Labor Markets, Sergiy Stetsenko

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation consists of two essays studying macroeconomics questions about labor markets. The research in this document is separated into chapters that study distinct features of aggregate labor market outcomes.

The first essay documents the change in behavior of fertility rate at business cycle frequencies in the United States between the 1970s and 1990s and shows how the cyclical and secular properties of fertility can be used to distinguish among several proposed theories that account for the rise in labor force participation of married mothers. The model, in which households make fertility, female labor force participation and asset accumulation decisions ...


Partisan Defection And Change In The 2008 Us Presidential Election, Herbert F. Weisberg, Christopher J. Devine 2010 Ohio State University - Main Campus

Partisan Defection And Change In The 2008 Us Presidential Election, Herbert F. Weisberg, Christopher J. Devine

Political Science Faculty Publications

Party identification remained an important determinant of vote choice in the 2008 election. Indeed, the extent to which people voted according to their partisanship remained as exceptionally high as it had been in the 2004 election. The Democrats led in partisanship, with a greater lead than in 2004. The ANES four‐wave panel survey shows that some change occurred in the Democratic direction during 2008. The Democrats gained among most population groups, with the exception of older citizens. Obama's victory margin was due to his carrying pure independents and the growth in strong Democrats as opposed to strong Republicans ...


The New Freedom Initiative Transportation Program, Tom Seekins Ph.D., Alexandra Enders, Grace Silvia, University of Montana Rural Institute 2010 University of Montana - Research and Training Center on Disability in Rural Communities

The New Freedom Initiative Transportation Program, Tom Seekins Ph.D., Alexandra Enders, Grace Silvia, University Of Montana Rural Institute

Independent Living and Community Participation

Rural advocates frequently cite the lack of public transportation as one of the most significant problems faced by rural Americans with disabilities (Gonzales, Stombaugh, Seekins & Kasnitz, 2006). Transportation is often critical both to accessing health care, and to becoming and staying employed (Johnson & Shaw, 2001). Section 5317, the New Freedom Initiative for Transportation, a program created by the 2005 federal transportation act (SAFETEA-LU, P.L. 109-59), is designed to “go beyond the ADA” and find new ways to provide transportation for people with disabilities. In each state, local providers compete for funding from the program. Funding may not be used to supplant existing services; twenty percent must go to rural (non-urbanized) areas. Understanding how this program has been used so far may help explain how to use it in the future. The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) recently commissioned a study of the uses of the §5317 program (Bergman, Berendes, Gerty & Miller, 2009). This fact sheet summarizes some of the more relevant findings for rural disability advocates, highlighting the role that trip vouchers have played so far.


Georgian's Reaction To Water Shortage: Water Conservation Behavior During The 2007 Drought, Alexander M. Stoner 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Georgian's Reaction To Water Shortage: Water Conservation Behavior During The 2007 Drought, Alexander M. Stoner

Masters Theses

This thesis examines whether or not differences in people’s water conservation attitudes, political party orientation, severity of drought, and attention to drought news affect their engagement in water conservation behavior during a time of continued water shortage. Previously, it has been found that attitudes are predictive of intentions that relate to behaviors (e.g., Dietz et al. 2005). Democrats have been shown to be more pro-environmental then Republicans (e.g., Dunlap et al. 2000). It has also been found that severity of drought is positively related with environmental concern (e.g., Accury and Christianson 1990), and access to news ...


Rural Life Census Data Center Newsletter: Birth And Infant Mortality In South Dakota, Saileza Khatiwada, Jake Cummings, Diane Kayongo-Male 2010 South Dakota State University

Rural Life Census Data Center Newsletter: Birth And Infant Mortality In South Dakota, Saileza Khatiwada, Jake Cummings, Diane Kayongo-Male

Census Data Center Newsletter

The joy of birth and the sorrow of losing a newborn are profoundly personal experiences. Still, to some extent, both infant births and deaths are associated with numerous social and environmental factors. These factors include maternal health and level of access to, and quality of, health care (MacDorman and Mathews 2008). Moreover, infant mortality has been recognized as a relatively reliable marker of societal well-being (Gortmaker and Wise 1997). Therefore, it is important that we examine infant mortality rates throughout the state of South Dakota.


Unraveling The World Wide Pollution Haven Hypothesis, Jean-Marie Grether, Nicole Mathys, Jaime de Melo 2010 University of Geneva

Unraveling The World Wide Pollution Haven Hypothesis, Jean-Marie Grether, Nicole Mathys, Jaime De Melo

Nicole Andréa Mathys

This paper contributes to the debate on the existence of pollution haven effects by systematically measuring the pollution content of trade (measured by the polluction content of imports (PCI)) and decomposing it into three components: a ‘deep’ (i.e. unrelated to the environmental debate) component and two components (factor endowments and environmental policies) that occupy centerstage in the debate on trade and the environment. The decomposition is carried out for 1986-88 for an extensive data set covering 10 pollutants, 48 countries and 79 ISIC 4-digit sectors. Illustrative decompositions presented for 3 of the 10 pollutants in the data set indicate ...


Fertility Rates And Gdp Per Capita: How Fewer Babies Translates Into The Economic Growth Of Countries, Annika Betancourt, Emily Kilborn, Andrea P. Pradilla 2010 Georgetown University

Fertility Rates And Gdp Per Capita: How Fewer Babies Translates Into The Economic Growth Of Countries, Annika Betancourt, Emily Kilborn, Andrea P. Pradilla

Andrea P Pradilla

No abstract provided.


The Changing Faces Of America's Children And Youth, Kenneth M. Johnson, Daniel T. Lichter 2010 University of New Hampshire

The Changing Faces Of America's Children And Youth, Kenneth M. Johnson, Daniel T. Lichter

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

The U.S. Census Bureau estimates indicate that between July 2008 and July 2009, 48.6 percent of the 4 million children born in the United States were minorities. In contrast, nearly 60 percent of the children born ten years ago were non-Hispanic white. This rapid change demonstrates that America's youth are at the forefront of the country's rapidly shifting demographic makeup. This brief reveals the factors causing this increase in the proportion of minority births.


Latin American Immigrants In Indianapolis: Perceptions Of Prejudice And Discrimination, Antonio V. Menéndez Alarcón, Katherine B. Novak 2010 Butler University

Latin American Immigrants In Indianapolis: Perceptions Of Prejudice And Discrimination, Antonio V. Menéndez Alarcón, Katherine B. Novak

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

The article focuses on immigrants’ interactions with the Indiana natives, with emphasis in the city of Indianapolis and its suburbs. More specifically, this study aims at providing an understanding of the experiences of Latin American immigrants with special attention to perceptions of prejudice and discrimination and to feelings of social exclusion. A substantial proportion of Latin American immigrants interviewed indicated that they considered Indiana natives to be prejudiced and that they had personally experienced discrimination. The study reveals specific examples of discrimination experienced by the immigrants at the work place, in housing, in stores, restaurants and by various service providers ...


O Arranjo Produtivo Local De Turismo Da Rota Da Amizade Como Ferramenta De Desenvolvimento Regional: Uma Análise A Partir Do Pensamento Schumpeteriano, Jorge Amaro Alves 2010 Faculdade de Campina Grande do Sul

O Arranjo Produtivo Local De Turismo Da Rota Da Amizade Como Ferramenta De Desenvolvimento Regional: Uma Análise A Partir Do Pensamento Schumpeteriano, Jorge Amaro Alves

Jorge Amaro Bastos Alves

Analisa-se neste artigo a evolução do desenvolvimento regional a partir do modelo de organização industrial estruturado em forma de Arranjo Produtivo Local (APL) entre firmas e outras instituições, com vistas a ampliar suas capacidades competitivas. Este artigo é baseado em um estudo de caso do APL Rota da Amizade localizado no Meio Oeste do Estado de Santa Catarina, que foi realizado a partir de um trabalho de consultoria interna desenvolvido pelo autor nesta entidade, na área da economia regional, englobando a elaboração de políticas e procedimentos comerciais e de marketing, em nível regional, nacional e internacional, e, o follow-up das ...


O Açúcar Do Nordeste Brasileiro Em Crise, 1918-45, Heitor Moura 2010 UNIRIO-Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

O Açúcar Do Nordeste Brasileiro Em Crise, 1918-45, Heitor Moura

Heitor Moura Filho

The economic crises of 1929 represented another stage in the series of difficulties faced by sugar producers of Northeastern Brazil since the end of WWI. These regional producers suffered a long process of decline, throughout the decade from 1925 to 1935. Though the Northeastern States used an important political clout to defend their interests, the economic capacity of the State of São Paulo, as reflected in the capitals which chose to invest in sugar and in its local markets for both sugar and fuel ethanol, allowed new mills to be established and old ones to be expanded, during a period ...


New Hampshire Demographic Trends Reflect Impact Of The Economic Recession, Kenneth M. Johnson 2010 University of New Hampshire

New Hampshire Demographic Trends Reflect Impact Of The Economic Recession, Kenneth M. Johnson

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

Between July 2008 and July 2009, more people left New Hampshire than moved to it, reversing a trend of domestic migration that had fueled the state's population growth over the past decade, according to U.S. Census Bureau data in released March 2010. This fact sheet summarizes the data.


Antimicrobial And Antioxidant Activities Of Essential Oil And Methanol Extract Of Jasminum Sambac From Djibouti, Fatou Abdoul-Latif, Prosper Edou, François Eba, Nabil Mohamed, Adwa Ali, Samatar Djama, Louis-Clément Obame, Mamoudou Hama DICKO 2010 University of Djibouti

Antimicrobial And Antioxidant Activities Of Essential Oil And Methanol Extract Of Jasminum Sambac From Djibouti, Fatou Abdoul-Latif, Prosper Edou, François Eba, Nabil Mohamed, Adwa Ali, Samatar Djama, Louis-Clément Obame, Mamoudou Hama Dicko

Pr. Mamoudou H. DICKO, PhD

The essential oil of jasminum sambac from Djibouti was subjected to screening for their possible antioxidant activity by two complementary test systems, namely DPPH free radical scavenging and beta-carotene-linoleic acid assays. Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) was used as positive control in both test systems. In the DPPH test system, the IC50 value of essential oil and methanol extract were respectively 7.43 and 2.30 μg/ml. In the beta-carotene-linoleic acid system, oxidation was effectively inhibited by Jasminum sambac, the RAA value of essential oil and methanol extract were respectively 96.6 and 93.9%. When compared to BHT, the essential ...


Profiles Of Asian American Subgroups In Massachusetts: Korean Americans In Massachusetts, Nathan James Bae Kupel 2010 University of Massachusetts Boston

Profiles Of Asian American Subgroups In Massachusetts: Korean Americans In Massachusetts, Nathan James Bae Kupel

Institute for Asian American Studies Publications

This report looks at Korean Americans in Massachusetts with a focus on the Metro Boston area. Using the 2000 U.S. Census and the American Community Survey 2005–2007 Three-Year Estimates in combination with interviews and secondary research, this profile looks at Korean American demographics and community perspectives.


Learning Sustainable Development: Chimeneas De La Esperanza, Miriam V. Mollan Gundersen 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Learning Sustainable Development: Chimeneas De La Esperanza, Miriam V. Mollan Gundersen

Social Sciences

Social inequality and environmental degradation are motivating informed young people into action and connecting impoverished regions of the world with students in more developed nations. This Social Sciences senior project is to analyze an alternative development model designed by a group of Californian university students. The project, named Chimeneas de la Esperanza, is designed to help impoverished Nicaraguan women start a ceramics business. The major hurdle of this mission is to establish a market for the ceramics product. Energy efficient ceramic stoves and smoke ventilating chimneys would benefit the community and avoid an impacted crafts market. The project encompasses ideas ...


Informing The Cooperative Conservation Framework For Improving Watershed Health: Operator And Landowner Survey Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle 2010 Iowa State University

Informing The Cooperative Conservation Framework For Improving Watershed Health: Operator And Landowner Survey Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle

Sociology Technical Reports

The objective of this study was to provide social, economic, and behavioral data on farm operators and landowners to inform the Iowa Soybean Association’s (ISA) effort to develop effective Cooperative Conservation systems in five HUC-12 watersheds in the larger Boone and Raccoon River Watersheds. Three of the watersheds are located in the Boone River watershed: Buck Creek, Lower Eagle, and Lyons Creek. The two watersheds selected from the larger Raccoon River watershed were Fanny’s Branch and Willow Creek. A survey titled Watershed Resource Management for Environmental and Economic Performance was sent to all farm operators and non-operator landowners ...


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