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Do Baby Boomers Want Another Baby Boom?: A Gendered Generational Analysis Of Abortion Attitudes, Dyanna Washington 2018 Skidmore College

Do Baby Boomers Want Another Baby Boom?: A Gendered Generational Analysis Of Abortion Attitudes, Dyanna Washington

Sociology Senior Seminar Papers

Building on research conducted by sociologists on the predictors of abortion attitudes, through a secondary analysis of 2016 General Social Survey (GSS) data, with a total of 1571 respondents, I investigate the relationship between demographic identifiers, specifically age, sex, and religious fundamentalism, and approval rates of legal abortion. Using the age variable in GSS and drawing from Generational Cohort Theory, I isolate the generational cohorts baby boomers and millennials and hypothesize that baby boomers will approve of legal abortion in fewer instances than millennials. Moreover, I create Abortion Attitude Indexes from GSS questions on abortion, which enable me to separate ...


Neighborhood Racial Discrimination And The Development Of Major Depression, Daniel W. Rusell, Frederick D. Clavel, Carolyn Cutrona, William T. Abraham, Rebecca G. Burzette 2018 Iowa State University

Neighborhood Racial Discrimination And The Development Of Major Depression, Daniel W. Rusell, Frederick D. Clavel, Carolyn Cutrona, William T. Abraham, Rebecca G. Burzette

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

This study examined the impact of neighborhood racial discrimination on the development of major depressive disorder (MDD) in a sample of African American women. Participants were 499 women from Georgia and Iowa with no history of MDD who were followed for 9 to 11 years. Several neighborhood characteristics (community social disorder, community cohesion, and community racism) and individual characteristics (negative life events, financial strain, personal outlook, religious involvement, relationship quality, negative affectivity, and individual experiences of racism) were employed as predictors of whether or not the women met criteria for MDD during this period of time. In a multilevel logistic ...


Current Trends In Same-Sex Couples In The United States: How Race And Gender Affect Education, Income Levels, And Urban Living, Emily Lane Haley 2018 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Current Trends In Same-Sex Couples In The United States: How Race And Gender Affect Education, Income Levels, And Urban Living, Emily Lane Haley

Honors Theses and Capstones

No abstract provided.


Extending The Utility Of Public Use Microdata, Eric A. Guthrie 2018 South Dakota State University

Extending The Utility Of Public Use Microdata, Eric A. Guthrie

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Applied demography employs population studies in the effort to answer real world questions and provide insights for the problems that business and civic leaders face on an ongoing basis. To answer these questions the applied demographer sometimes performs primary research, but more often they attempt to leverage and extend the use of publicly available data to answer the questions presented in an efficient and timeconstrained manner. The work described here looks at a problem presented by the Michigan Department of Education and the solution presented by the Michigan State Demographer. The problem required estimates for a single-year age group at ...


“The Problem With The Haitians Is Their Language”: Language As Color-Blind Racism, Ruthie Wienk 2018 South Dakota State University

“The Problem With The Haitians Is Their Language”: Language As Color-Blind Racism, Ruthie Wienk

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This project explores the mechanisms of exclusion and oppression of a Haitian population in a rural community in South West Florida. The analytical approach taken is an analysis of the social field and habitus as dispositions and embodied culture. Language has been identified as a tool to marginalize the population in the general social order. Through this process, language operates as a form of color-blind racism which justifies the exclusion of the Haitian community but is insufficient in explaining their overall social outcomes. Qualitative data were collected for this project in the form of unstructured interviews, focus groups, photographs of ...


Total Error And Variability Measures With Integrated Disclosure Limitation For Quarterly Workforce Indicators And Lehd Origin Destination Employment Statistics In Onthe Map, Kevin L. McKinney, Andrew Green, Lars Vilhuber, John Abowd 2017 US Census Bureau

Total Error And Variability Measures With Integrated Disclosure Limitation For Quarterly Workforce Indicators And Lehd Origin Destination Employment Statistics In Onthe Map, Kevin L. Mckinney, Andrew Green, Lars Vilhuber, John Abowd

Labor Dynamics Institute

We report results from the first comprehensive total quality evaluation of five major indicators in the U.S. Census Bureau's Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) Program Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI): total employment, beginning-of-quarter employment, full-quarter employment, total payroll, and average monthly earnings of full-quarter employees. Beginning-of-quarter employment is also the main tabulation variable in the LEHD Origin-Destination Employment Statistics (LODES) workplace reports as displayed in OnTheMap (OTM). The evaluation is conducted by generating multiple threads of the edit and imputation models used in the LEHD Infrastructure File System. These threads conform to the Rubin (1987) multiple imputation model, with each ...


Race, Ethnicity, Income Concentration And 10-Year Change In Urban Greenness In The United States, Joan A. Casey, Peter James, Lara Cushing, William M. Jesdale, Rachel Morello-Frosch 2017 University of California, Berkeley

Race, Ethnicity, Income Concentration And 10-Year Change In Urban Greenness In The United States, Joan A. Casey, Peter James, Lara Cushing, William M. Jesdale, Rachel Morello-Frosch

Open Access Articles

Background: Cross-sectional studies suggest urban greenness is unequally distributed by neighborhood demographics. However, the extent to which inequalities in greenness have changed over time remains unknown.

Methods: We estimated 2001 and 2011 greenness using Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite-derived normalized difference vegetative index (NDVI) in 59,483 urban census tracts in the contiguous U.S. We fit spatial error models to estimate the association between baseline census tract demographic composition in 2000 and (1) 2001 greenness and (2) change in greenness between 2001 and 2011.

Results: In models adjusted for population density, climatic factors, housing tenure, and Index of Concentration ...


Town Profiles: Demographic, Economic, And Housing Statistics For De Smet City And Wall Town, South Dakota, Weiwei Zhang 2017 South Dakota State University

Town Profiles: Demographic, Economic, And Housing Statistics For De Smet City And Wall Town, South Dakota, Weiwei Zhang

Census Data Center News Releases

This report profiles the demographic, economic and housing statistics for De Smet, and Wall, South Dakota.


2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Comparative Demographic Estimates: South Dakota, Census Data Center 2017 South Dakota State University

2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Comparative Demographic Estimates: South Dakota, Census Data Center

Census Data Center News Releases

The document highlights the U.S. Census Bureau, 2012-2016 American Community Survey, Comparative Demographic Estimates for the state of South Dakota.


The Impact Of Extended Reproductive Time Horizons: Evidence From Israel's Expansion Of Access To Ivf, Naomi Gershoni, Corinne Low 2017 Ben-Gurion University

The Impact Of Extended Reproductive Time Horizons: Evidence From Israel's Expansion Of Access To Ivf, Naomi Gershoni, Corinne Low

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Women’s time-limited fertility window, compared to men’s longer period of fecundity, could be a key constraint shaping the gender gap in career choices and hence outcomes. Israel’s 1994 policy change to make in vitro fertilization free provides a natural experiment for how fertility time horizons impact women’s investment choices. We find that following the policy change women marry later, complete more college education, achieve more post-college education, and have better labor market outcomes. Additionally, we find the “penalty” in spousal quality for women who get married after thirty substantially dissipates. This suggests that persistent labor market ...


Negative Outcomes Of Teen Sexual Activity: Is There A Regional Effect?, Hannah Latta, Said Shahtahmasebi, Hatim A. Omar 2017 University of Kentucky

Negative Outcomes Of Teen Sexual Activity: Is There A Regional Effect?, Hannah Latta, Said Shahtahmasebi, Hatim A. Omar

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

A recent victory with respect to teen sexual behavior is the reduction of the national teen birth rate. In 1991, there were 61.8 births per 1000 females aged 15-19. By 2014, this rate plummeted to 24.2 births per 1000 adolescent females. Averages, however, do not reflect state-level variation. For example, in 2014, Kentucky reported 35.3 births per 1000 adolescent females, while New York reported a teen birth rates of 16.1 births per 1000 adolescent females. This report asks: are these discrepancies due to regional factors, and are these differences statistically significant? To examine rural and urban ...


Moving Mountains : A Study Examining Long-Term Impacts Of Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining On Mortality In The Appalachian Region Using Geographic Information Sciences Techniques., James Howard Kent Pugh 2017 University of Louisville

Moving Mountains : A Study Examining Long-Term Impacts Of Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining On Mortality In The Appalachian Region Using Geographic Information Sciences Techniques., James Howard Kent Pugh

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Over the last hundred years, the Appalachian region has been dominated by the coal industry. It has also been and currently is one of the unhealthiest regions in the United States. Recent scholarship has examined the relationship between coal mining and health and mortality rates in the Appalachian region. The first study incorporates air quality and pollution data to examine if coal mining counties have higher levels of pollution and if this pollution contributes to mortality disadvantage. In the second study, I construct a population-based coal-exposure measure to better evaluate the relationship between coal mining and health I find that ...


Betting The House: How Assets Influence Marriage Selection, Marital Stability, And Child Investments, Jeanne Lafortune, Corinne Low 2017 Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile

Betting The House: How Assets Influence Marriage Selection, Marital Stability, And Child Investments, Jeanne Lafortune, Corinne Low

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Marriage used to be practically universal, but now persists as an institution for only some groups, while others choose non-marital fertility. This paper posits that if one role of marriage is to insure one partner's investment in children, then home-ownership can be seen as providing the necessary "collateral" for this contract. As easier divorce and paternity enforcement outside of marriage have reduced the relative strength of the marital contract, the division of assets, particularly the family home, post-separation has remained unique to marriage. We provide a model where husbands can "ante up" the marital home to elicit more optimal ...


Beyond The “Haves And Have Nots”: Using An Interdisciplinary Approach To Inform Federal Data Collection Efforts With Indigenous Populations, C. Aujean Lee 2017 University of California, Los Angeles

Beyond The “Haves And Have Nots”: Using An Interdisciplinary Approach To Inform Federal Data Collection Efforts With Indigenous Populations, C. Aujean Lee

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

This study demonstrates how multiple methods can inform national survey data collection efforts for Indigenous populations using Pacific Islanders as a case study. National data surveys are oftentimes limited in how they collect data on small populations due to data suppression, and they lack nuance in how they aggregate distinct populations. I conduct linear regression models of U.S. Census data to demonstrate that Pacific Islanders lag behind Whites in income, even after controlling for household characteristics and geography. Further analyses of oral histories and interviews with Pacific Islanders demonstrate that income disparities exist in part because of remittances, competing ...


A Country In Crisis: The Changing Demographics Of Japan, Katherine Ziomek 2017 Wilfrid Laurier University

A Country In Crisis: The Changing Demographics Of Japan, Katherine Ziomek

Laurier Undergraduate Journal of the Arts

No abstract provided.


Health Advocacy Intervention For Youth : A Case Study Of Metro Youth Advocates., Tiffany Monyhan, Sasha Belenky, Kristi McClary King 2017 University of Louisville

Health Advocacy Intervention For Youth : A Case Study Of Metro Youth Advocates., Tiffany Monyhan, Sasha Belenky, Kristi Mcclary King

Kristi King

No abstract provided.


How Useful Is Gsv As An Environmental Observation Tool? An Analysis Of The Evidence So Far., Katherine Nesse, Leah Airt 2017 Seattle Pacific University

How Useful Is Gsv As An Environmental Observation Tool? An Analysis Of The Evidence So Far., Katherine Nesse, Leah Airt

SPU Works

Researchers in many disciplines have turned to Google Street View to replace pedestrian- or carbased in-person observation of streetscapes. It is most prevalent within the research literature on the relationship between neighborhood environments and public health but has been used as diverse as disaster recovery, ecology and wildlife habitat, and urban design. Evaluations of the tool have found that the results of GSV-based observation are similar to the results from in-person observation although the similarity depends on the type of characteristic being observed. Larger, permanent and discrete features showed more consistency between the two methods and smaller, transient and judgmental ...


Data Limitations In The American Community Survey: The Impact On Rural Disability Research, Lillie Greiman, University of Montana Rural Institute 2017 University of Montana - Research and Training Center on Disability in Rural Communities

Data Limitations In The American Community Survey: The Impact On Rural Disability Research, Lillie Greiman, University Of Montana Rural Institute

Independent Living and Community Participation

The American Community Survey (ACS) provides disability data across a wide range of variables and geographies. In fact, the ACS provides county-level disability data for variables such as gender, race, veteran status, poverty status and employment for people with disabilities. This is beneficial to rural disability researchers as rural is most commonly classified at the county level. However, though the ACS is a rich and comprehensive data source it is not without limitations. Rural researchers in particular are acutely aware of these limitations. The ACS provides data estimates for disability in rural counties but because of the survey design these ...


Here Today, Gone Tomorrow: The Temporal Stability Of Crime Hot Spots And The Criminology Of Place, Michael J. Deckard 2017 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Here Today, Gone Tomorrow: The Temporal Stability Of Crime Hot Spots And The Criminology Of Place, Michael J. Deckard

Dissertations

It is widely recognized that the distribution of crime in urban areas is not randomly distributed, but is highly concentrated in small pockets of space known as crime “hot spots”. While the empirical evidence supporting the law of crime concentration is strong, most studies that have examined the stability of crime hot spots over time have aggregated crime across years. This dissertation seeks to expand our understanding of the temporal stability of micro-geographic crime hot spots by addressing three research questions: (1) How are high-crime micro-places distributed at the monthly level? How much variation exists in the distribution of crime ...


Place-Making: An Approach To Rationale Behind The Location Choice Of Power Places. University Campus Ames As A Case Study, Alenka Poplin, Claudia Yamu, Luis Rico-Gutierrez 2017 Iowa State University

Place-Making: An Approach To Rationale Behind The Location Choice Of Power Places. University Campus Ames As A Case Study, Alenka Poplin, Claudia Yamu, Luis Rico-Gutierrez

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

This paper concentrates on power places as perceived by the students in a 60,000 people college town in the United States. Power places are favourite outdoor locations that evoke positive emotions, and are conducive to relaxation and reduction of stress. Further understanding how location affects those places and the feelings of students will help planners and designers be more intentional as they create conditions favourable to the development of cities that are healthy, sustainable, resilient and smart. Research methodologies used in this paper include empirical cartography, mapping and space syntax. We conclude the paper with a discussion of the ...


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