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State Policy & Politics Database (Sppd), Jennifer Karas Montez 2022 Syracuse University

State Policy & Politics Database (Sppd), Jennifer Karas Montez

Center For Aging and Policy Studies

The State Policy & Politics Database (SPPD) is a compilation of annual data on state policies and politics that are particularly relevant for population health. The SPPD includes several categories of policies, including labor and economic policies (e.g., minimum wage levels, right to work laws), social safety net policies (e.g., earned income tax credits, SNAP), behavior-related policies (e.g., tobacco taxes, opioid prescribing), as well as the political ideology of the states’ government and citizens. Most measures are available annually from 1980 to 2021.


State Policy & Politics Database (Sppd), Jennifer Karas Montez 2022 Syracuse University

State Policy & Politics Database (Sppd), Jennifer Karas Montez

Center For Aging and Policy Studies

The State Policy & Politics Database (SPPD) is a compilation of annual data on state policies and politics that are particularly relevant for population health. The SPPD includes several categories of policies, including labor and economic policies (e.g., minimum wage levels, right to work laws), social safety net policies (e.g., earned income tax credits, SNAP), behavior-related policies (e.g., tobacco taxes, opioid prescribing), as well as the political ideology of the states’ government and citizens. Most measures are available annually from 1980 to 2021.


Changing College Graduation Rates Among New York City’S Latino Populations 1990 - 2020, Laird W. Bergad 2022 Center for Latin American, Caribbean, and Latino Studies

Changing College Graduation Rates Among New York City’S Latino Populations 1990 - 2020, Laird W. Bergad

Center for Latin American, Caribbean, and Latino Studies

Introduction:

This report examines changing college graduate rates between 1990 and 2020 among all Latinos in New York City and within the five largest population nationalities in 2020: Dominicans, Puerto Ricans, Mexicans, Ecuadorians, and Colombians.

Methods:

All data in this report were derived from the 1990 and 2020 American Community Survey 5-year survey samples found at IPUMS USA found at https://usa.ipums.org/usa/. See Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Megan Schouweiler and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 12.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2022. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V12.0 College graduation rates were calculated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the population 25 years of age …


Assessment Of Economic Opportunities For Young Rohingyas In Bangladesh, Md. Noorunnabi Talukder, Md. Irfan Hossain, Abdullah Al Mahmud Shohag, Eashita Haque, Iqbal Ehsan, Joseph Falcone, Ubaidur Rob 2022 Population Council

Assessment Of Economic Opportunities For Young Rohingyas In Bangladesh, Md. Noorunnabi Talukder, Md. Irfan Hossain, Abdullah Al Mahmud Shohag, Eashita Haque, Iqbal Ehsan, Joseph Falcone, Ubaidur Rob

Empower Adolescents and Young People to Reach Their Full Potential

Bangladesh has been hosting nearly a million Rohingyas for the past five years. Since the 1980s, to escape widespread persecution and conflict, Rohingyas have been crossing the border from Myanmar into Bangladesh. Rohingyas are not entitled to, or integrated into, any long-term development agendas of the Bangladesh government. They do not have freedom of movement and permission to work, but they are engaged in some informal income-generating activities in Cox’s Bazar. This study was intended to assess the livelihood and work opportunities, challenges, aspirations, needs, and preferences of young Rohingya populations living in the camps in the Cox’s Bazar district …


Global Age Patterns Of Under-5 Mortality (Gapu5m) Site Profiles Series: Maternal And Child Health Surveillance System (Mchss), China, Francisco Villavicencio, Li Liu, Andrea Verhulst, Michel Guillot 2022 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Global Age Patterns Of Under-5 Mortality (Gapu5m) Site Profiles Series: Maternal And Child Health Surveillance System (Mchss), China, Francisco Villavicencio, Li Liu, Andrea Verhulst, Michel Guillot

Global Age Patterns of Under-5 Mortality (GAPU5M) Site Profiles Series

No abstract provided.


Did The Covid Pandemic Result In An Exodus Of The Latino Population Of New York City And The New York Metropolitan Region?, Laird W. Bergad 2022 Center for Latin American, Caribbean, and Latino Studies

Did The Covid Pandemic Result In An Exodus Of The Latino Population Of New York City And The New York Metropolitan Region?, Laird W. Bergad

Center for Latin American, Caribbean, and Latino Studies

Data released by the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey 2021 One-Year samples indicate that despite the catastrophic health impact of COVID on the Latino population of the region, there was not a mass exodus of Latinos from the City or the metro area. The 2021 ACS One-Year samples, when compared with previous ACS One-Year samples, indicate that the City’s overall population increased by 0.5% between 2018 and 2021 and 1.3% between 2019 and 2021. The ‘Hispanic’ population, excluding Spaniards, rose by 0.2% between 2018 and 2021 and 1.4% between 2019 and 2021 according to these data.


Public Acceptance Of Medical Screening Recommendations, Safety Risks, And Implied Liabilities Requirements For Space Flight Participation, Cory J. Trunkhill 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Public Acceptance Of Medical Screening Recommendations, Safety Risks, And Implied Liabilities Requirements For Space Flight Participation, Cory J. Trunkhill

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

The space tourism industry is preparing to send space flight participants on orbital and suborbital flights. Space flight participants are not professional astronauts and are not subject to the rules and guidelines covering space flight crewmembers. This research addresses public acceptance of current Federal Aviation Administration guidance and regulations as designated for civil participation in human space flight.

The research utilized an ordinal linear regression analysis of survey data to explore the public acceptance of the current medical screening recommended guidance and the regulations for safety risk and implied liability for space flight participation. Independent variables constituted participant demographic representations …


An Evaluation Of The Attitudes Towards Sustainable Tourism Development: The Case Of Urgup, Duygu Bora, Mehmet Bahar 2022 Cappadocia University

An Evaluation Of The Attitudes Towards Sustainable Tourism Development: The Case Of Urgup, Duygu Bora, Mehmet Bahar

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

The limited number of resources that humanity has creates the responsibility of protecting those resources and transferring them to future generations. It is vital that the natural, cultural and historical assets that form the basis of the tourism sector can be sustained without being consumed by excessive use. Research is aimed to investigate the attitudes of the local people, one of the key stakeholders of tourism, towards sustainable tourism development. Research population consists of local people living in Ürgüp destination, which hosts thousands of national and international tourists every year. According to the data obtained from the study, it has …


Late-Childhood Foundational Cognitive Skills Predict Educational Outcomes Through Adolescence And Into Young Adulthood: Evidence From Ethiopia And Peru, Jennifer Lopez, Jere R. Behrman, Santiago Cueto, Marta Favara, Alan Sánchez 2022 Groupo de Analisis para el Desarrollo

Late-Childhood Foundational Cognitive Skills Predict Educational Outcomes Through Adolescence And Into Young Adulthood: Evidence From Ethiopia And Peru, Jennifer Lopez, Jere R. Behrman, Santiago Cueto, Marta Favara, Alan Sánchez

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

We estimate the associations between a set of foundational cognitive skills (inhibitory control, working memory, long-term memory, and implicit learning) measured at age 12 and educational outcomes measured at ages 15 and 19-20 in Ethiopia and Peru (the Young Lives study). The estimates adjust for a rich set of lagged controls and include measurements of children’s general abilities. For a subset of the outcomes, we exploit within-household variation. Working memory and long-term memory are consistently and positively associated with subsequent domain-specific cognitive achievement tests in both countries, university enrolment in Peru (working memory) and lower secondary-school completion in Ethiopia (long-term …


Uni·Cen Documentation Report 2: Standardized Census Data Tables, Zack Taylor 2022 Dept. of Political Science, Western University

Uni·Cen Documentation Report 2: Standardized Census Data Tables, Zack Taylor

UNI-CEN documentation

The Unified Infrastructure for Canadian Census Research, or UNI·CEN, is a comprehensive database of historical and contemporary Canadian aggregate Census data, digital boundary files, and ancillary material, all provided in modern data formats. The goal of the project is to liberate Canadian Census data so that it can be easily used by academic researchers, students, and the public.

The UNI·CEN Standardized Census Data Tables series contains reformatted versions of all publicly available digital Census data. This documentation report describes the data sources, tabular formats, and file types used.


Uni·Cen Documentation Report 4: Early Postwar Census Tract Digitization Project, Zack Taylor, Christopher Macdonald Hewitt 2022 Dept. of Political Science, Western University

Uni·Cen Documentation Report 4: Early Postwar Census Tract Digitization Project, Zack Taylor, Christopher Macdonald Hewitt

UNI-CEN documentation

The Unified Infrastructure for Canadian Census Research, or UNI·CEN, is a comprehensive database of historical and contemporary Canadian aggregate Census data, digital boundary files, and ancillary material, all provided in modern data formats. The goal of the project is to liberate Canadian Census data so that it can be easily used by academic researchers, students, and the public.

The documentation describes the processes used to digitize the 1951, 1956, 1961, and 1966 Census Tract boundaries and associated datasets.

For more information, visit: https://observatory.uwo.ca/unicen/

To access the data, visit: https://borealisdata.ca/dataverse/unicen


Uni·Cen Documentation Report 3: Digital Boundary Files, Zack Taylor, Christopher Macdonald Hewitt 2022 Dept. of Political Science, Western University

Uni·Cen Documentation Report 3: Digital Boundary Files, Zack Taylor, Christopher Macdonald Hewitt

UNI-CEN documentation

The Unified Infrastructure for Canadian Census Research, or UNI·CEN, is a comprehensive database of historical and contemporary Canadian aggregate Census data, digital boundary files, and ancillary material, all provided in modern data formats. The goal of the project is to liberate Canadian Census data so that it can be easily used by academic researchers, students, and the public.

The UNI·CEN Digital Boundary Files series contains versions of all publicly available digital boundary files with shorelines harmonized, at five levels of Census geography.

For more information, visit: https://observatory.uwo.ca/unicen/

To access the data, visit: https://borealisdata.ca/dataverse/unicen


The Downward Spiral, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, Karen A. Kopecky 2022 University of Pennsylvania

The Downward Spiral, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, Karen A. Kopecky

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

There have been more than 500,000 opioid overdose deaths since 2000. To analyze the opioid epidemic, a model is constructed where individuals, with and without pain, choose whether to misuse opioids knowing the probabilities of addiction and dying. These odds are functions of opioid use. Markov chains are estimated from the US data for the college and non-college educated that summarize the transitions into and out of opioid addiction as well as to a deadly overdose. A structural model is constructed that matches the estimated Markov chains. The epidemic's drivers, and the impact of medical interventions, are examined.


Social Protection And Foundational Cognitive Skills During Adolescence: Evidence From A Large Public Works Programme, Richard Freund, Marta Favara, Catherine Porter, Jere R. Behrman 2022 University of Oxford

Social Protection And Foundational Cognitive Skills During Adolescence: Evidence From A Large Public Works Programme, Richard Freund, Marta Favara, Catherine Porter, Jere R. Behrman

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Many low- and middle-income countries have introduced Public Works Programmes (PWPs) to fight poverty. PWPs provide temporary cash-for-work opportunities to boost poor households’ incomes and to provide better infrastructure to local communities. While PWPs do not target children directly, the increased demand for adult labour may affect children’s development through increasing households’ incomes and changing household members’ time uses. This paper expands on a multidimensional literature showing the relationship between early life circumstances and learning outcomes and provides the first evidence that children from families who benefit from PWPs show increased foundational cognitive skills (FCS). We focus on four child …


Hiv And Housing Insecurity In Louisiana, Hui-Peng Liew, Leslie E. Green 2022 University of Nebraska Kearney

Hiv And Housing Insecurity In Louisiana, Hui-Peng Liew, Leslie E. Green

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

This study sought to assign the parishes in Louisiana into distinctive spatial-temporal clusters based on their trends in HIV prevalence and percentages of households with severe housing problems and to assess the parish’s resilience and susceptibility to HIV infection given its pre- existing sociodemographic conditions. Results revealed that trends in the HIV prevalence rates and percentages of households with severe housing problems differed across the five distinct spatial-temporal clusters. The percentage of households with severe housing problems and the percentage of non-Hispanic Black population were positively associated with the HIV prevalence rate while the reverse was true for the percentage …


The Impact Of The Juntos Conditional Cash Transfer Programme On Foundational Cognitive Skills: Does Age Of Enrollment Matter?, Douglas Scott, Jennifer Lopez, Alan Sánchez, Jere R. Behrman 2022 University of Oxford

The Impact Of The Juntos Conditional Cash Transfer Programme On Foundational Cognitive Skills: Does Age Of Enrollment Matter?, Douglas Scott, Jennifer Lopez, Alan Sánchez, Jere R. Behrman

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

This paper studies the relationship between the age of enrolment in Peru’s conditional cash transfer programme, JUNTOS, and the foundational cognitive skills of a sample of children aged between 5 and 12 years old. Using a difference-in-differences approach and exploiting within-household variation, we show that younger siblings in recipient households display significantly higher levels of inhibitory control than their older counterparts (0.11 standard deviations), having benefited from the programme for the first time at a relatively earlier age. In high-income countries, this behavioural trait has been linked to later-life outcomes such as job success, physical health, and even reduced risk …


Montana Voices Amplified: My Perspective: What Just Happened? Audio Description Can Answer That, Sara Streeter, University of Montana Rural Institute 2022 University of Montana

Montana Voices Amplified: My Perspective: What Just Happened? Audio Description Can Answer That, Sara Streeter, University Of Montana Rural Institute

Independent Living and Community Participation

Sara Streeter discusses the importance of audio description for people with vision loss when watching a movie or play.


The State Of The Unions 2022: A Profile Of Organized Labor In New York City, New York State, And The United States, Ruth Milkman, Joseph van der Naald 2022 CUNY Graduate Center

The State Of The Unions 2022: A Profile Of Organized Labor In New York City, New York State, And The United States, Ruth Milkman, Joseph Van Der Naald

Publications and Research

New York City leads the recent uptick in private-sector union organizing at companies like Starbucks and Amazon. A new report released by the CUNY School of Labor and Urban Studies, State of the Unions 2022: A Profile of Organized Labor in New York City, New York State, and the United States, analyzes new union membership and union election wins across the nation’s major cities. The report also details the geographic, demographic, and occupational makeup of union membership in New York City, New York State, and the nation.


Grandchildren Of Ottomans Vs. Children Of Atatürk: A Script On Turkey's Emerging Political Identities Towards 2023, İrem Taştan, Ezgi Karanfil 2022 İzmir University of Economics

Grandchildren Of Ottomans Vs. Children Of Atatürk: A Script On Turkey's Emerging Political Identities Towards 2023, İrem Taştan, Ezgi Karanfil

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

The aim of this script is to take the initiative to open an updated discussion of the ways in which the global ideological market is shaping the collective political identities in the context of contemporary Turkey. We craft two seemingly opposing yet deeply connected political identities, namely the "grandchildren of Ottomans" and the "children of Atatürk", to critically explore the future possibilities for Turkey's contested ideological market.


U.S. Fertility Up Slightly, But 8.6 Million Fewer Births Long Term, Kenneth M. Johnson 2022 University of New Hampshire

U.S. Fertility Up Slightly, But 8.6 Million Fewer Births Long Term, Kenneth M. Johnson

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

In this data snapshot, Carsey Senior Demographer Kenneth Johnson reports that National Center for Health Statistics data for 2021 show a slight increase in births, rising 1.5 percent from the 2020 level which was a 40-year low. Even with the uptick, the 3,659,000 births in 2021 were the third fewest in 40 years. There is little to suggest a substantial increase in fertility rates in the short term, though preliminary data suggest that births in the first three months of 2022 were higher than in early 2021 when COVID first impacted births.

Contemporary trends continue a birth decline that began …


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