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Out-Group Threat Or Inter-Group Contact Theory? Out-Group Attitudes And Interaction In Times Of Diversity Growth, Annette Jacoby 2018 City University of New York (CUNY)

Out-Group Threat Or Inter-Group Contact Theory? Out-Group Attitudes And Interaction In Times Of Diversity Growth, Annette Jacoby

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Much attention has been devoted to the presumed negative effect of diversity growth on various dimensions of attitudes and interaction between different racial and ethnic groups. However, whether the claims hold true is unclear- there is a considerable controversy over the impact of changing diversity on societal behavior. With ongoing migration, the United States are becoming more and more ethnically diverse but a sound debate on racial and ethnic composition and its consequences for inter-group interactions and attitudes towards others has not yet been possible due to a lack of causally-oriented panel studies.

In this study, two important features are ...


Comparing The Support-Efficacy Model Among Centenarians Living In Private Homes, Assisted Living Facilities, And Nursing Homes, G. Kevin Randall, Peter Martin, Maurice MacDonald, Jennifer A. Margrett, Alex J. Bishop, Leonard W. Poon 2017 Bradley University

Comparing The Support-Efficacy Model Among Centenarians Living In Private Homes, Assisted Living Facilities, And Nursing Homes, G. Kevin Randall, Peter Martin, Maurice Macdonald, Jennifer A. Margrett, Alex J. Bishop, Leonard W. Poon

Peter Martin

We investigated the influence of social relations on health outcomes in very late life by examining the support-efficacy convoy model among older adults who resided in three different residential environments (centenarians in private homes, n = 126; centenarians in assisted living facilities, n = 55 ; centenarians in nursing homes, n = 105). For each group, path analytic models were employed to test our hypotheses; analyses controlled for sex, mental status, education, perceived economic sufficiency, and activities of daily living. The hypothesized relationships among the models’ variables were unique to each of the three groups; three different models fit the data depending upon residential ...


Understanding Centenarians' Psychosocial Dynamics And Their Contributions To Health And Quality Of Life, Leonard W. Poon, Jennifer A. Margrett, Peter Martin, Alex Bishop, Jinmyoung Cho, Grace da Rosa, Neha Deshpande, Robert Hensley, Maurice MacDonald, G. Kevin Randal, John L. Woodard, L. Stephen Miller 2017 University of Georgia

Understanding Centenarians' Psychosocial Dynamics And Their Contributions To Health And Quality Of Life, Leonard W. Poon, Jennifer A. Margrett, Peter Martin, Alex Bishop, Jinmyoung Cho, Grace Da Rosa, Neha Deshpande, Robert Hensley, Maurice Macdonald, G. Kevin Randal, John L. Woodard, L. Stephen Miller

Peter Martin

While it is understood that longevity and health are influenced by complex interactions among biological, psychological, and sociological factors, there is a general lack of understanding on how psychosocial factors impact longevity, health, and quality of life among the oldest old. One of the reasons for this paradox is that the amount of funded research on aging in the US is significantly larger in the biomedical compared to psychosocial domains. The goals of this paper are to highlight recent data to demonstrate the impact of four pertinent psychosocial domains on health and quality of life of the oldest old and ...


Comparing The Support-Efficacy Model Among Centenarians Living In Private Homes, Assisted Living Facilities, And Nursing Homes, G. Kevin Randall, Peter Martin, Maurice MacDonald, Jennifer A. Margrett, Alex J. Bishop, Leonard W. Poon 2017 Bradley University

Comparing The Support-Efficacy Model Among Centenarians Living In Private Homes, Assisted Living Facilities, And Nursing Homes, G. Kevin Randall, Peter Martin, Maurice Macdonald, Jennifer A. Margrett, Alex J. Bishop, Leonard W. Poon

Jennifer Margrett

We investigated the influence of social relations on health outcomes in very late life by examining the support-efficacy convoy model among older adults who resided in three different residential environments (centenarians in private homes, n = 126; centenarians in assisted living facilities, n = 55 ; centenarians in nursing homes, n = 105). For each group, path analytic models were employed to test our hypotheses; analyses controlled for sex, mental status, education, perceived economic sufficiency, and activities of daily living. The hypothesized relationships among the models’ variables were unique to each of the three groups; three different models fit the data depending upon residential ...


Understanding Centenarians' Psychosocial Dynamics And Their Contributions To Health And Quality Of Life, Leonard W. Poon, Jennifer A. Margrett, Peter Martin, Alex Bishop, Jinmyoung Cho, Grace da Rosa, Neha Deshpande, Robert Hensley, Maurice MacDonald, G. Kevin Randal, John L. Woodard, L. Stephen Miller 2017 University of Georgia

Understanding Centenarians' Psychosocial Dynamics And Their Contributions To Health And Quality Of Life, Leonard W. Poon, Jennifer A. Margrett, Peter Martin, Alex Bishop, Jinmyoung Cho, Grace Da Rosa, Neha Deshpande, Robert Hensley, Maurice Macdonald, G. Kevin Randal, John L. Woodard, L. Stephen Miller

Jennifer Margrett

While it is understood that longevity and health are influenced by complex interactions among biological, psychological, and sociological factors, there is a general lack of understanding on how psychosocial factors impact longevity, health, and quality of life among the oldest old. One of the reasons for this paradox is that the amount of funded research on aging in the US is significantly larger in the biomedical compared to psychosocial domains. The goals of this paper are to highlight recent data to demonstrate the impact of four pertinent psychosocial domains on health and quality of life of the oldest old and ...


A Country In Crisis: The Changing Demographics Of Japan, Katherine Ziomek 2017 Wilfrid Laurier University

A Country In Crisis: The Changing Demographics Of Japan, Katherine Ziomek

Laurier Undergraduate Journal of the Arts

No abstract provided.


Health Advocacy Intervention For Youth : A Case Study Of Metro Youth Advocates., Tiffany Monyhan, Sasha Belenky, Kristi McClary King 2017 University of Louisville

Health Advocacy Intervention For Youth : A Case Study Of Metro Youth Advocates., Tiffany Monyhan, Sasha Belenky, Kristi Mcclary King

Kristi King

No abstract provided.


Data Limitations In The American Community Survey: The Impact On Rural Disability Research, Lillie Greiman, University of Montana Rural Institute 2017 University of Montana - Research and Training Center on Disability in Rural Communities

Data Limitations In The American Community Survey: The Impact On Rural Disability Research, Lillie Greiman, University Of Montana Rural Institute

Independent Living and Community Participation

The American Community Survey (ACS) provides disability data across a wide range of variables and geographies. In fact, the ACS provides county-level disability data for variables such as gender, race, veteran status, poverty status and employment for people with disabilities. This is beneficial to rural disability researchers as rural is most commonly classified at the county level. However, though the ACS is a rich and comprehensive data source it is not without limitations. Rural researchers in particular are acutely aware of these limitations. The ACS provides data estimates for disability in rural counties but because of the survey design these ...


Recent Changes In Us Mortality: Continued Deterioration Relative To Peers, Yana Vierboom, Samuel Preston 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Recent Changes In Us Mortality: Continued Deterioration Relative To Peers, Yana Vierboom, Samuel Preston

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Several recent studies have documented a slowdown in rates of improvement in mortality in the United States (Case and Deaton 2017; Crimmins et al. 2011; Institute of Medicine and National Research Council 2013; Kochanek et al. 2016; Squires and Blumenthal 2016). Middle-aged white women have actually experienced rising mortality over much of the past several decades (Astone et al. 2015; Case and Deaton 2015; Kochanek 2016). The relatively slow declines in US mortality occur against a background in which US mortality was already high by standards of other OECD countries (Crimmins et al. 2011; Institute of Medicine and National Research ...


Walking As Ontological Shifter: Thoughts In The Key Of Life, Bibi (Silvina) Calderaro 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Walking As Ontological Shifter: Thoughts In The Key Of Life, Bibi (Silvina) Calderaro

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

With walking as ontological shifter I pursue an alternative to the dominant modernist episteme that offers either/or onto-epistemologies of opposition and their reifying engagements. I propose this type of walking is an intentional turning towards a set of radical positions that, as integrative aesthetic and therapeutic practice, brings multiplicity and synchronicity to experience and being in an expanded sociality. This practice facilitates the conditions of possibility for recurring points of contact between the interiority perceived as ‘body’ and the exteriority perceived as ‘world.’ While making evident the self’s at once incoherence with it-self, it opens to a space ...


The Retention Of International Students To Their Place Of Study Upon Permanent Resident Status, Sonia P. Nguyen 2017 The University of Western Ontario

The Retention Of International Students To Their Place Of Study Upon Permanent Resident Status, Sonia P. Nguyen

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

International students have become an increasingly important source of permanent migration in meeting regionalization policy goals. However, little is known about their retention to their place of study after they transition to permanent resident status. Using data from the Longitudinal Immigrant Database (IMDB), this study examines how elements of international students’ pre-landed experience in Canada are related to their retention when they later become permanent residents in Canada. Results show that length of study and region of study are positively associated with the likelihood of international students landing in their place of study. Conversely, higher Canadian educational attainment and Canadian ...


A Cross-Sectional Exploration Of Household Financial Reactions And Homebuyer Awareness Of Registered Sex Offenders In A Rural, Suburban, And Urban County., John Charles Navarro 2017 University of Louisville

A Cross-Sectional Exploration Of Household Financial Reactions And Homebuyer Awareness Of Registered Sex Offenders In A Rural, Suburban, And Urban County., John Charles Navarro

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As stigmatized persons, registered sex offenders betoken instability in communities. Depressed home sale values are associated with the presence of registered sex offenders even though the public is largely unaware of the presence of registered sex offenders. Using a spatial multilevel approach, the current study examines the role registered sex offenders influence sale values of homes sold in 2015 for three U.S. counties (rural, suburban, and urban) located in Illinois and Kentucky within the social disorganization framework. Homebuyers were surveyed to examine whether awareness of local registered sex offenders and the homebuyer’s community type operate as moderators between ...


Swedish Social Welfare And Its Application To American Welfare Systems, Ben Wilson Galloway 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Swedish Social Welfare And Its Application To American Welfare Systems, Ben Wilson Galloway

Theses and Dissertations

Swedish Social Welfare and its Application to American Welfare Systems concerns itself with the issue of determining the origins of the modern Swedish social welfare system. Additionally, the causes behind the formation of the system are evaluated for their relevancy concerning the formation of the American welfare system. Multiple areas of study are considered, including racial impacts, economic factors, sociological impactors, and demographic variables.


Introduction To The Special Issue: Reconciling Research: Perspectives On Research Involving Indigenous Peoples, Susan Wingert, Jerry P. White 2017 Western University

Introduction To The Special Issue: Reconciling Research: Perspectives On Research Involving Indigenous Peoples, Susan Wingert, Jerry P. White

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

IIPJ is pleased to publish a two part special issue (Volume 8, Issue 2 & Volume 8, Issue 4 [forthcoming]), entitled Reconciling Research: Perspectives on Research Involving Indigenous Peoples, that focuses on issues, debates, and best practices in research with Indigenous Peoples.


Latinos In Massachusetts Selected Areas: Cambridge, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Latinos In Massachusetts Selected Areas: Cambridge, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos

Gastón Institute Publications

This report provides a descriptive snapshot of selected economic, social, educational, and demographic indicators pertaining to Latinos in Cambridge. It reflects a commitment by UMass Boston’s Mauricio Gastón Institute for Latino Community Development and Public Policy to provide periodic updates on the growing Latino population in Massachusetts.

The report on Cambridge is part of a larger series that covers cities and towns in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts with a significant number of Latinos. Each report analyzes data from the American Community Survey (ACS) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. We obtained the data from the American Factfinder website ...


Latinos In Massachusetts Selected Areas: Chicopee, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Latinos In Massachusetts Selected Areas: Chicopee, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos

Gastón Institute Publications

This report provides a descriptive snapshot of selected economic, social, educational, and demographic indicators pertaining to Latinos in Chicopee. It reflects a commitment by UMass Boston’s Mauricio Gastón Institute for Latino Community Development and Public Policy to provide periodic updates on the growing Latino population in Massachusetts.

The report on Chicopee is part of a larger series that covers cities and towns in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts with a significant number of Latinos. Each report analyzes data from the American Community Survey (ACS) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. We obtained the data from the American Factfinder website ...


Latinos In Massachusetts Selected Areas: Fitchburg, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Latinos In Massachusetts Selected Areas: Fitchburg, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos

Gastón Institute Publications

This report provides a descriptive snapshot of selected economic, social, educational, and demographic indicators pertaining to Latinos in Fitchburg. It reflects a commitment by UMass Boston’s Mauricio Gastón Institute for Latino Community Development and Public Policy to provide periodic updates on the growing Latino population in Massachusetts.

The report on Fitchburg is part of a larger series that covers cities and towns in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts with a significant number of Latinos. Each report analyzes data from the American Community Survey (ACS) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. We obtained the data from the American Factfinder website ...


Latinos In Massachusetts Selected Areas: Haverhill, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Latinos In Massachusetts Selected Areas: Haverhill, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos

Gastón Institute Publications

This report provides a descriptive snapshot of selected economic, social, educational, and demographic indicators pertaining to Latinos in Haverhill. It reflects a commitment by UMass Boston’s Mauricio Gastón Institute for Latino Community Development and Public Policy to provide periodic updates on the growing Latino population in Massachusetts.

The report on Haverhill is part of a larger series that covers cities and towns in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts with a significant number of Latinos. Each report analyzes data from the American Community Survey (ACS) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. We obtained the data from the American Factfinder website ...


Latinos In Massachusetts Selected Areas: Holyoke, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Latinos In Massachusetts Selected Areas: Holyoke, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos

Gastón Institute Publications

This report provides a descriptive snapshot of selected economic, social, educational, and demographic indicators pertaining to Latinos in Holyoke. It reflects a commitment by UMass Boston’s Mauricio Gastón Institute for Latino Community Development and Public Policy to provide periodic updates on the growing Latino population in Massachusetts.

The report on Holyoke is part of a larger series that covers cities and towns in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts with a significant number of Latinos. Each report analyzes data from the American Community Survey (ACS) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. We obtained the data from the American Factfinder website ...


Latinos In Massachusetts Selected Areas: Lawrence, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Latinos In Massachusetts Selected Areas: Lawrence, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos

Gastón Institute Publications

This report provides a descriptive snapshot of selected economic, social, educational, and demographic indicators pertaining to Latinos in Lawrence. It reflects a commitment by UMass Boston’s Mauricio Gastón Institute for Latino Community Development and Public Policy to provide periodic updates on the growing Latino population in Massachusetts.

The report on Lawrence is part of a larger series that covers cities and towns in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts with a significant number of Latinos. Each report analyzes data from the American Community Survey (ACS) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. We obtained the data from the American Factfinder website ...


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