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Body-Worn Cameras: Reducing Citizen Complaints And Improving Relationships, Julie Bui 2017 San Jose State University

Body-Worn Cameras: Reducing Citizen Complaints And Improving Relationships, Julie Bui

Themis: Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science

Video recordings of police-citizen interactions, most notably those obtained from the dashboard cameras (dashcams) of police cars, have been successful in objectively capturing police-citizen exchanges. However, since police-civilian interactions do not solely occur in front of police cars, dashcams present significant limitations. Off-camera violent, and sometimes fatal, encounters (such as the notorious Ferguson case) have fueled increased public support for body-worn cameras. This is especially true in cases with conflicting accounts from the officer(s), victim(s), and witness(es). Requiring officers to wear bodycams may reduce incidents of force and citizen complaints, and increase officer accountability. This paper will ...


Mass Shootings And The Media: How Race And Ethnicity Influence Media Coverage, Emily Wheeler 2017 San Jose State University

Mass Shootings And The Media: How Race And Ethnicity Influence Media Coverage, Emily Wheeler

Themis: Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science

Topics related to crime and the criminal justice system comprise a majority of topics discussed in the media. This study explores how media coverage of mass shootings varies based on the racial or ethnic identity of the shooter. Topics examined include popular beliefs and misconceptions about the race of mass murderers, the role mass media plays in influencing public perceptions about race and crime related topics, and the alarming rate at which the public recognizes and accepts the media as a reliable source of information when official data sources provide a much different picture. Further analysis of the Columbine High ...


Civil Forfeiture: The Failure Of The Courts, Thomas Senst 2017 Bridgewater State University

Civil Forfeiture: The Failure Of The Courts, Thomas Senst

Honors Program Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


Perceptions Regarding Public Safety In Portland’S King Neighborhood, Kris R. Henning, Greg Stewart 2017 Portland State University

Perceptions Regarding Public Safety In Portland’S King Neighborhood, Kris R. Henning, Greg Stewart

Kris R. Henning

The Portland Police Bureau (PPB) is partnering with Portland State University (PSU) and neighborhood groups to develop new strategies for improving police-community relations and reducing crime. Our most recent initiative seeks to provide residents with greater voice in where PPB officers work in their neighborhood and what steps the City takes there to address public safety concerns. The King neighborhood in Northeast Portland was chosen as the starting point for this work following a recent gang related shooting at King School Park. Officers from North Precinct had already begun outreach to the community and they wanted additional input from the ...


Public Perceptions Regarding The Police Bureau And Crime In Portland, Oregon, Brian Renauer, Kimberly Barsamian Kahn, Kris R. Henning, Greg Stewart 2017 Portland State University

Public Perceptions Regarding The Police Bureau And Crime In Portland, Oregon, Brian Renauer, Kimberly Barsamian Kahn, Kris R. Henning, Greg Stewart

Kris R. Henning

On September 12, 2012 the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) filed a complaint in the Federal District Court for Oregon asserting that the City of Portland has engaged in a pattern and practice of unnecessary or excessive force against persons experiencing a mental health crisis. This survey is the result of a settlement agreement between Portland’s City Council and the DOJ which specified the Portland Police Bureau (PPB) develop a means of assessing public perceptions.

This report examines public perceptions of PPB across four content areas that are highlighted in the DOJ settlement agreement. Data for the report ...


Rehabilitation Or Social Isolation? The State’S Struggle With Juvenile Sex Offender Laws, Elyce C. Hall 2017 Bridgewater State University

Rehabilitation Or Social Isolation? The State’S Struggle With Juvenile Sex Offender Laws, Elyce C. Hall

Honors Program Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


Addressing The Ab 109 Population In Santa Cruz County: The Santa Cruz County Recidivism Study Of Post-Realignment Offenders (2011–2016), Shea Johnson 2017 San Jose State University

Addressing The Ab 109 Population In Santa Cruz County: The Santa Cruz County Recidivism Study Of Post-Realignment Offenders (2011–2016), Shea Johnson

Master's Projects

The goal of this paper and the included “Santa Cruz County Recidivism Study of Post-Realignment Offenders (2011–2016)” is to provide a meaningful presentation of recidivism rates for Santa Cruz County and, in doing so, help Santa Cruz County agencies to better design recidivism reduction programs, highlight the problems every county faces in trying to conduct recidivism reduction studies, and provide a roadmap for what is and is not possible for policymakers who are increasingly demanding more refined data sets and streamlined data for budgeting.


White Power In Context: The Structural Correlates Of White Power Support Events In The United States, 2012-2015, Drew Cormac Medaris 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

White Power In Context: The Structural Correlates Of White Power Support Events In The United States, 2012-2015, Drew Cormac Medaris

Theses and Dissertations

Much of the prior research on white power groups focuses on very rare outcomes – criminal events, especially violent ones – without as much attention devoted to the more common or fundamental activities that often work to start the mobilization process for ethnocentric groups and the individuals associated with them. Broadly, the goal of the current study is to fill this gap in knowledge by integrating prominent criminological theories and themes drawn from the social movement literature in order to explore the geographic distribution and macro-level correlates of ideologically-motivated white power movement activities. Specifically, I implement content analysis techniques of open source ...


Where We Get Our News: A Multilevel Analysis Of The Media Framing Of Immigration And Crime, Cody Robert Tuttle 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Where We Get Our News: A Multilevel Analysis Of The Media Framing Of Immigration And Crime, Cody Robert Tuttle

Theses and Dissertations

Despite an abundance of literature demonstrating that immigration and crime are unassociated, public opinion often reflects the contrary. I examine a source that could contribute to this disconnect between research and public opinion – media framing – particularly, how the specific way that news outlets talk about immigration and crime, along with where they are located geographically, influence how prominently these stories are covered. I employ content analysis of newspaper articles from 2008-2012, which I geo-locate and pair with structural covariates gathered from several other data sources. I use multilevel models to analyze the effect of article-level framing and county-level contextual characteristics ...


Identifying Correlates In Anti-Semitic Incidents On College Campuses In The U.S., Jessica Morris 2017 Bridgewater State University

Identifying Correlates In Anti-Semitic Incidents On College Campuses In The U.S., Jessica Morris

Master’s Theses and Projects

American colleges experienced approximately 5% of anti-Semitic incidents nationwide in 2014. These incidents included harassment, verbal taunts and physical attacks. This study will seek to identify the possible correlating factors of these incidents and others like it. The factors examined are the presence of Jewish student organizations, pro-Israel student organizations, pro-Palestine student organizations, pro-Pease organizations, Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) support and resolutions, as well as the campus location in relation to hate groups in the state. The significance of these factors being present on campuses is examined utilizing information from the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC), Anti-Defamation League (ADL ...


Examination Of Parole Revocation Decision-Making Policy Thru The Lens Of Organizational Theory: Qualitative Analysis, Ashley Furtado 2017 Bridgewater State University

Examination Of Parole Revocation Decision-Making Policy Thru The Lens Of Organizational Theory: Qualitative Analysis, Ashley Furtado

Master’s Theses and Projects

Mass incarceration is primarily caused by harsh sentencing policies. But another contributing factor is the recidivism of parolees. There are several definitions of recidivism including relapse into behaviors associated with crime (technical violations), or committing crime. Criminal Justice agencies are organizations whose behavior may be better understood by looking at organizational theory. Organizational theory is a self-correcting model in which outcomes of prior decisions provide feedback to influence future decision in organizations. This study utilizes organizational theory to explore the relationship between the open systems theoretical model and the tolerance of risk of parolees. Seek to answer whether correctional populations ...


Detroit Crime Trends: Examining Large Business Labor Practices, Sarah R. McGuire 2017 Bridgewater State University

Detroit Crime Trends: Examining Large Business Labor Practices, Sarah R. Mcguire

Master’s Theses and Projects

This study examines the relationship between the changes in large company employment of the top twenty-five large businesses in Detroit and the crime rate from 2012 to 2014. Previous research has asserted that a significant correlation exists between unemployment and crime but does not investigate the effects of large company employment in a city in relation to crime. This study seeks to fill this gap and address the relationship between changes in large company employment, relative to conditions of social disorganization, and changes in the crime rate. It builds upon Blau and Blau’s (1982) work on the structural contributors ...


Student Perceptions Of Active Shooters On Campus, Barry T. King 2017 Bridgewater State University

Student Perceptions Of Active Shooters On Campus, Barry T. King

Master’s Theses and Projects

This study examines the level of fear Bridgewater State University students experience about becoming a victim of a violent attack on campus by an active shooter. Since 1996, nearly 60 school shootings have taken place in American schools, resulting in hundreds of deaths. This study examines the impact on students' fearfulness in the wake of the most recent mass murders happening on college campuses at Virginia Tech and Northern Illinois University.


College Underage Drinking: A Test Of Low Self-Control And Strain Theories, Matthew C. Kijowski 2017 Indiana University of Pennsylvania

College Underage Drinking: A Test Of Low Self-Control And Strain Theories, Matthew C. Kijowski

Theses and Dissertations (All)

Previous studies have suggested that deterrence-based strategies have little impact on underage drinking for college-aged adults. In addition, criminology, education, and nursing majors have been posited to consume more alcohol than others. Using survey questionnaire data from a sample of 233 Indiana University of Pennsylvania students, this study examined the predictive ability of low self-control and general strain theory on underage alcohol use.

The collected data was used to evaluate the following hypotheses:

Hypothesis #1: Criminology majors underage drink due to high levels of low self-control.

Hypothesis #2: Education and nursing majors consume alcohol, while underage, as a response to ...


Veterans' Treatment Court Peer Mentors And Statewide Operating Procedures In Pennsylvania: A Mixed-Method Examination, Paul Lucas 2017 Indiana University of Pennsylvania

Veterans' Treatment Court Peer Mentors And Statewide Operating Procedures In Pennsylvania: A Mixed-Method Examination, Paul Lucas

Theses and Dissertations (All)

Veterans’ treatment courts are the most recent problem-solving court innovation. Following the successful drug and mental court models, veterans’ treatment courts institute therapeutic jurisprudence and effective intervention to provide participants the opportunity to become productive members of society through community treatment administered in conjunction with judicial oversight. Unfortunately, very little is known about these courts and the participants within them. This study unravels the complexities of veterans’ treatment courts by interviewing court mentors within three courts located in Pennsylvania. The use of court mentors is specific to veterans’ treatment courts and, as such, the mentor’s role, experiences, expectations, and ...


The Dangers And Self Protective Behaviors Of Ride Share Drivers., M. Angela Schwendau 2017 University of Louisville

The Dangers And Self Protective Behaviors Of Ride Share Drivers., M. Angela Schwendau

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ride-sharing companies have sprung up in various countries around the world, starting in the United States, in the past five years (Uber, 2015). These entrepreneurial upstarts have invaded the transportation industry with contract drivers and no regulations. As independent contractors, these drivers are not afforded the rights and protections as employees. Therefore, they question whether the companies, Uber and Lyft, are concerned about their safety and security. The closest profession to ride share drivers are taxicab drivers, who are considered to have one of the most violent jobs in the United States (Richardson & Windau, 2003). Specifically, they have a higher ...


The Sources Of Behavioral Reinforcement : An Examination Of Nonsocial Reinforcement Theory., Heather Tolle 2017 University of Louisville

The Sources Of Behavioral Reinforcement : An Examination Of Nonsocial Reinforcement Theory., Heather Tolle

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation attempts to gain a better understanding of the means by which deviant behavior is perpetuated. Nonsocial reinforcement theory proposes that behavior is reinforced by psychological, physiological, and social rewards of the behavior. This reinforcement of the behavior causes the frequency of the behavior to increase. Specifically, when an individual uses marijuana, the psychological and physiological rewards gained from the behavior can lead the individual to continue using marijuana over time. This dissertation will test this reciprocal impact of increased psychological and physiological responses leading to an increase in the behavior. Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth ...


Moral Time And Homicide Investigations., David Stuart Lapsey Jr. 2017 University of Louisville

Moral Time And Homicide Investigations., David Stuart Lapsey Jr.

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Previous literature explores the many dimensions of homicide investigations, including case and individual characteristics, evidence and investigative activities. However, little research delves into situational characteristics and their relationship to specific homicides, charge severity sought by prosecutors and sentence length given to homicide offenders. The current study sampled homicide cases (N=68) to gather baseline information and data regarding judicial outcomes. Donald Black’s Theory of Moral Time (2011) is tested and utilized as the study’s conceptual framework for the study’s hypotheses.


“Good Guys Do Rape”: An Examination Of College Student Perceptions Of Sexual Assault Perpetrators, Taylor Blythe Martinez 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

“Good Guys Do Rape”: An Examination Of College Student Perceptions Of Sexual Assault Perpetrators, Taylor Blythe Martinez

Theses and Dissertations

When people think of a typical sexual assault, they rely heavily on preconceived notions of sexual violence, which often represents stereotypical rape scenarios. Many stereotypical depictions of perpetrators tend to be centered around individuals who are strangers, mentally ill, lonely, with poor or impoverished upbringing. How perpetrators and victims are depicted impact the likelihood of others believing victims and attributing guilt to perpetrators. This may contribute to societal endorsement of acquaintance rape as not real compared to stereotypical rape scenarios. The current study examines how college students, and in particular fraternity men and sorority women, view perpetrators of sexual assault ...


Exploring The Social Trend Of Household Computer Ownership In Affecting The United States 1990'S Crime Drop, Alison Kimberley Bogar 2017 East Tennessee State University

Exploring The Social Trend Of Household Computer Ownership In Affecting The United States 1990'S Crime Drop, Alison Kimberley Bogar

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

During the 1990’s the world witnessed a crime drop throughout all categories of crime. Many researchers have sought to seek an explanation for this drop; however, there has been a lack of concrete findings to fully explain this phenomenon. The purpose of this study is to explore a further reasoning as to why this drop occurred, specifically throughout the United States. An unexplored factor to explain this phenomenon is the increase of household computer ownership during the 1990’s. During this decade, household computers and the internet became prevalent throughout the nation. This study utilized secondary data from the ...


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