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Social Disorganization And The Spatial Distribution Of Homicides In El Paso, Nicholas Andrew Emerick 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Social Disorganization And The Spatial Distribution Of Homicides In El Paso, Nicholas Andrew Emerick

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Recent research on social disorganization theory shows general support for economic and stability measures of disorganization, but spatial dispersions and the disaggregation of homicides of crime have not been fully examined. 1985-1995 homicide data from the El Paso Police Department's detective logs and US Census data are combined to explore social disorganization in El Paso, the impact of ports of entry, and how motive interacts with social disorganization. Findings for total homicides in El Paso support existing social disorganization research. Motive specific homicides displayed distinct relationships to the disorganization measures. The concentrations of homicides near ports of entry can be …


Killings Of Police In U.S. Cities Since 1980: An Examination Of Environmental Andpolitical Explanations, Stephanie L. Kent 2010 Cleveland State University

Killings Of Police In U.S. Cities Since 1980: An Examination Of Environmental Andpolitical Explanations, Stephanie L. Kent

Sociology & Criminology Faculty Publications

Most research on killings of police in urban areas attempted to link lethal violence against officers to the violence and disorder in the communities they work. Yet support for this relationship is inconsistent. Fewer studies considered whether local political arrangements affect killings of police. This study attempts to remedy this gap by using recent data to investigate the relationship between the political conditions of large U.S. cities and the number of homicides of police officers in the line of duty in the years 1980, 1990, and 2000. Negative binomial regression analyses suggest that racial income inequality and the size of …


A Gendered Assessment Of The "Threat Of Victimization", David May, Nicole E. Rader, Sarah Goodrum 2010 Eastern Kentucky University

A Gendered Assessment Of The "Threat Of Victimization", David May, Nicole E. Rader, Sarah Goodrum

Safety, Security and Emergency Management Faculty and Staff Scholarship

Rader has called for a change in how researchers study fear of crime, suggesting that fear of crime, perceptions of risk, and experiences with victimization are interrelated dimensions of the larger ‘‘threat of victimization’’ concept. In this study, the authors examine how each independent dimension affects additional theoretical dimensions of the ‘‘threat of victimization’’ and how these relationships vary by gender. Using data from residents of Kentucky, the authors estimate a series of multivariate linear and logistic regression models. The findings presented here suggest that gender differences do exist in the components of the threat of victimization and that many …


The Structure And Content Of Online Child Exploitation Networks, Richard Frank, Bryce Westlake, Martin Bouchard 2010 Simon Fraser University

The Structure And Content Of Online Child Exploitation Networks, Richard Frank, Bryce Westlake, Martin Bouchard

Faculty Publications

The emergence of the Internet has provided people with the ability to find and communicate with others of common interests. Unfortunately, those involved in the practices of child exploitation have also received the same benefits. Although law enforcement continues its efforts to shut down websites dedicated to child exploitation, the problem remains uncurbed. Despite this, law enforcement has yet to examine these websites as a network and determine their structure, stability and susceptibleness to attack. We extract the structure and features of four online child exploitation networks using a custom-written webpage crawler. Social network analysis is then applied with the …


Sense And Sentencing: Our Imprisonment Epidemic, Michael A. Simons 2010 St. John's University School of Law

Sense And Sentencing: Our Imprisonment Epidemic, Michael A. Simons

Journal of Civil Rights and Economic Development

(Excerpt)

Over the past thirty years, the most important sentencing development has not been the legislative adoption of mandatory guidelines, or the judicial creation of advisory guidelines, or the adoption of a wide variety of guidelines systems in the states, or the widespread elimination of parole, or the abandonment of rehabilitation as a sentencing goal. No, the most important sentencing development has been our rejection of the principal of parsimony: the notion that a sentence should be as long as - but no longer than - necessary to accomplish the goals of punishment. Instead, we have replaced parsimony with severity, …


Pesach N. Rubenstein Cheats The Hangman: A Case Study Of Punishment And The Death Penalty At Brooklyn’S Raymond Street Jail, Philip M. Stinson 2010 Bowling Green State University

Pesach N. Rubenstein Cheats The Hangman: A Case Study Of Punishment And The Death Penalty At Brooklyn’S Raymond Street Jail, Philip M. Stinson

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

This paper tells the story of Pesach Rubenstein and how he cheated the hangman in 1876. Rubenstein was charged, tried, and convicted in Kings County, New York, for the 1875 murder of his 19 year-old cousin, Sarah Alexander. The Rubenstein case is noteworthy in that it received unprecedented media attention in the 1870s, involved the use of rudimentary forensic evidence at the trial, and divided the community on issues of religion, ethnicity, immigration (the victim and defendant were recent Jewish immigrants from Poland), and imposition of the death penalty. Using a case study approach to analyze the trial transcript, newspaper …


Exit Strategy: An Exploration Of Late-Stage Police Crime, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach, Tina L. Freiburger 2010 Bowling Green State University

Exit Strategy: An Exploration Of Late-Stage Police Crime, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach, Tina L. Freiburger

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

There are no exhaustive statistics available on the crimes committed by law enforcement officers, and only a small number of studies provide specific data on police crimes. The purpose of the current study is to examine the character of police arrests known to the media. Cases were identified through a content analysis of news coverage using the internet-based GoogleTM News search engine and its Google News Alerts search tool. The study focuses on the crimes committed by experienced officers who are approaching retirement. The occurrence of these late-stage crimes presents a challenge to existing assumptions regarding the relationship between …


Denying Defendants The Benefit Of A Reasonable Doubt: Federal Rule Of Evidence 609 And Past Sex Crime Convictions, Julia T. Rickert 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Denying Defendants The Benefit Of A Reasonable Doubt: Federal Rule Of Evidence 609 And Past Sex Crime Convictions, Julia T. Rickert

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


When The Law Preserves Injustice: Issues Raised By A Wrongful Incarceration Exception To Attorney-Client Confidentiality, Inbal Hasbani 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

When The Law Preserves Injustice: Issues Raised By A Wrongful Incarceration Exception To Attorney-Client Confidentiality, Inbal Hasbani

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


One Hundred Years Later: Wrongful Convictions After A Century Of Research, Jon B. Gould, Richard A. Leo 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

One Hundred Years Later: Wrongful Convictions After A Century Of Research, Jon B. Gould, Richard A. Leo

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Racial And Ethnic Disparity And Criminal Justice: How Much Is Too Much, Robert D. Crutchfield, April Fernandes, Jorge Martinez 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Racial And Ethnic Disparity And Criminal Justice: How Much Is Too Much, Robert D. Crutchfield, April Fernandes, Jorge Martinez

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Review Of “Sisters Outside: Radical Activists Working For Women Prisoners, By Jodie Michelle Lawston”, Lisa A. Leitz 2010 Chapman University

Review Of “Sisters Outside: Radical Activists Working For Women Prisoners, By Jodie Michelle Lawston”, Lisa A. Leitz

Peace Studies Faculty Articles and Research

Book review of Jodie Michelle Lawston's "Sisters Outside: Radical Activists Working for Women Prisoners".


Testing The Selective Chivalry Theory In Iowa : Gender Sentencing Of Rural Property Offenders, Maria Dorothy Herring Koeppel 2010 University of Northern Iowa

Testing The Selective Chivalry Theory In Iowa : Gender Sentencing Of Rural Property Offenders, Maria Dorothy Herring Koeppel

Dissertations and Theses @ UNI

During recent decades, sentencing patterns of offenders based on gender have been the topic of criminological and sociological research. There has been particular attention given to the lenient sentencing of female offenders compared to male offenders. Several research studies have found that gender affects the sentencing process in ways that are advantageous to female offenders, such as lower incarceration rates and shorter prison sentences. Despite the existing research on gender and sentencing, there are still several specific areas that need to be studied regarding this topic, such as property crimes and rural areas. The current research adds to the existing …


Incarcerated Adults Sentenced In Adult Criminal Court While Juveniles: Knowledge, Understanding, And Perceptions Of Their Sentences, Karen Miner-Romanoff 2010 Walden University

Incarcerated Adults Sentenced In Adult Criminal Court While Juveniles: Knowledge, Understanding, And Perceptions Of Their Sentences, Karen Miner-Romanoff

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

An estimated 200,000 juveniles are tried as adults yearly and receive punitive sentences intended to deter juvenile crime and increase public safety. Few qualitative studies on juveniles sentenced as adults and contradictory results indicate a need for further research. This study used a qualitative, phenomenological interpretive design, with the conceptual frameworks of general and specific deterrence and rational choice theories. In-depth interviews took place with 12 incarcerated adults serving sentences (24--540 months) for juvenile crimes. The research questions explored their knowledge of transfer laws and adult sentencing and perceptions of deterrence from future criminal activity. Coding of transcripts and audio …


The Effects Of Owi Victim Impact Courses On Offender Recidivism, Sarah Emily Johnson 2010 University of Northern Iowa

The Effects Of Owi Victim Impact Courses On Offender Recidivism, Sarah Emily Johnson

Dissertations and Theses @ UNI

This study examines the effectiveness of victim impact courses, a court mandated intervention program, for 2nd OWI offenders (individuals with a second conviction of operating while intoxicated) in the first, fifth, and sixth districts of Iowa. Victim impact courses are intended to teach offenders about how drinking and driving can come to affect others in various different ways. The course is intended to lower reoffending rates for those who participate. Data was obtained through the ICON database. The ICON database is utilized by the Department of Corrections in Iowa to track information concerning offenders and their offenses. A bivariate analysis, …


An Examination Of Observed Disparities Between Felony Murder And Manslaughter Rates Across California, Michael Christopher Fuhr 2010 California State University, San Bernardino

An Examination Of Observed Disparities Between Felony Murder And Manslaughter Rates Across California, Michael Christopher Fuhr

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of this study is to examine felony murder and manslaughter data at the county level, in context with supplementary factors such as; population turnover, ethnic heterogeneity, poverty, and infant mortality rates.


Learning From Error In American Criminal Justice, James M. Doyle 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Learning From Error In American Criminal Justice, James M. Doyle

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Two Wrongs Make A Wrong: A Challenge To Plea Bargaining And Collateral Consequence Statutes Through Their Integration, Kevin O'Keefe 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Two Wrongs Make A Wrong: A Challenge To Plea Bargaining And Collateral Consequence Statutes Through Their Integration, Kevin O'Keefe

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Provoking Change: Comparative Insights On Feminist Homicide Law Reform, Carolyn B. Ramsey 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Provoking Change: Comparative Insights On Feminist Homicide Law Reform, Carolyn B. Ramsey

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Cultural Defense, Cultural Offense, Or No Culture At All: An Empirical Examination Of Israeli Judicial Decisions In Cultural Conflict Criminal Cases And Of The Factors Affecting Them, Tamar Tomer-Fishman 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Cultural Defense, Cultural Offense, Or No Culture At All: An Empirical Examination Of Israeli Judicial Decisions In Cultural Conflict Criminal Cases And Of The Factors Affecting Them, Tamar Tomer-Fishman

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


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