Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social Statistics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,084 Full-Text Articles 2,880 Authors 1,482,673 Downloads 128 Institutions

All Articles in Social Statistics

Faceted Search

2,084 full-text articles. Page 7 of 76.

Patterns Of Civilian And Child Deaths Due To War-Related Violence In Syria: A Comparative Analysis From The Violation Documentation Center Dataset, 2011-16, Debarati Guha-Sapir, Benjamin Schluter, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Louis Lillywhite, Madelyn J. Hsiao-Rei Hicks 2018 Université catholique de Louvain

Patterns Of Civilian And Child Deaths Due To War-Related Violence In Syria: A Comparative Analysis From The Violation Documentation Center Dataset, 2011-16, Debarati Guha-Sapir, Benjamin Schluter, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Louis Lillywhite, Madelyn J. Hsiao-Rei Hicks

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Since March, 2011, the Syrian civil war has lowered life expectancy by as much as 20 years. We describe demographic, spatial, and temporal patterns of direct deaths of civilians and opposition combatants from conflict-related violence in 6 years of war.

METHODS: We analysed conflict-related violent deaths with complete information on date, place, and cause of death and demographic group occurring from March 18, 2011, to Dec 31, 2016, recorded by the Violation Documentation Center (VDC). We included civilian and combatant deaths in all Syrian governorates, excluding government-controlled areas. We did not include detainees and missing persons, nor deaths from ...


The Effects Of Respondent And Question Characteristics On Respondent Answering Behaviors In Telephone Interviews, Kristen Olson, Jolene Smyth, Amanda Ganshert 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Effects Of Respondent And Question Characteristics On Respondent Answering Behaviors In Telephone Interviews, Kristen Olson, Jolene Smyth, Amanda Ganshert

Sociology Department, Faculty Publications

In a standardized telephone interview, respondents ideally are able to provide an answer that easily fits the response task. Deviations from this ideal question answering behavior are behavioral manifestations of breakdowns in the cognitive response process and partially reveal mechanisms underlying measurement error, but little is known about what question characteristics or types of respondents are associated with what types of deviations. Evaluations of question problems tend to look at one question characteristic at a time; yet questions are comprised of multiple characteristics, some of which are easier to experimentally manipulate (e.g., presence of a definition) than others (e ...


The Effects Of Mismatches Between Survey Question Stems And Response Options On Data Quality And Responses, Jolene Smyth, Kristen Olson 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Effects Of Mismatches Between Survey Question Stems And Response Options On Data Quality And Responses, Jolene Smyth, Kristen Olson

Sociology Department, Faculty Publications

Several questionnaire design texts emphasize a dual role of question wording: the wording needs to express what is being measured and tell respondents how to answer. Researchers tend to focus heavily on the first of these goals, but sometimes overlook the second, resulting in question wording that does not match the response options provided (i.e., mismatches). Common examples are yes/no questions with ordinal or nominal response options, open-ended questions with closed-ended response options, and check-all-that apply questions with forced-choice response options. A slightly different type of mismatch utilizes a question stem that can be read as asking for ...


Problematic Autoethnographic Research: Researcher’S Failure In Positioning, Ji Young Shim 2018 Pennsylvania State University

Problematic Autoethnographic Research: Researcher’S Failure In Positioning, Ji Young Shim

The Qualitative Report

This article problematizes and discusses the “auto”ethnographical approach, which has recently become pervasive in research-oriented writings, to “tell the story of self and subject” in order to analyze wider cultural and social conditions. This method can be found in the remarkable array of a variety of disciplines in which scholars have explicitly and implicitly highlighted identity-related issues. One problem with this approach is its failure to recognize the ideological generalization in identifying the researcher’s position, with the risk of eventually becoming a neutral “truth through the researcher’s reality.” This paper focuses on the crisis between history and ...


Applying A Total Quality Framework To Qualitative Research Design: A Review, Paula Boros 2018 Nova Southeastern University

Applying A Total Quality Framework To Qualitative Research Design: A Review, Paula Boros

The Qualitative Report

In Applied Qualitative Research Design: A Total Quality Framework Approach, Margaret R. Roller and Paul J. Lavrakas present their Total Quality Framework (TQF) designed to help researchers understand qualitative research is required to be creditable, analyzable, transparent, and useful. The authors show how qualitative researchers can utilize these four TQR fundamental elements to identify strengths and limitations of their qualitative methods and design process.


Personality As A Predictor Of Unit Nonresponse In Panel Data: An Analysis Of An Internet-Based Survey, Albert Cheng, Gema Zamarro, Bart Orriens 2017 Harvard University

Personality As A Predictor Of Unit Nonresponse In Panel Data: An Analysis Of An Internet-Based Survey, Albert Cheng, Gema Zamarro, Bart Orriens

Gema Zamarro

Unit nonresponse or attrition in panel data sets is often a source of nonrandom measurement error. Why certain individuals attrite from longitudinal studies and how to minimize this phenomenon have been examined by researchers. However, this research has typically focused on data sets collected via telephone, postal mail, or face-to-face interviews. Moreover, this research usually focuses on using demographic characteristics such as educational attainment or income to explain variation in the incidence of unit nonresponse. We make two contributions to the existing literature. First, we examine the incidence of unit nonresponse in an internet panel, a relatively new, and hence ...


Data Analysis With Small Samples And Non-Normal Data: Nonparametrics And Other Strategies, Carl Siebert, Darcy C. Siebert 2017 Boise State University

Data Analysis With Small Samples And Non-Normal Data: Nonparametrics And Other Strategies, Carl Siebert, Darcy C. Siebert

Carl Siebert

No abstract provided.


Including Rigor And Artistry In Case Study As A Strategic Qualitative Methodology, Prema Gaikwad 2017 Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies

Including Rigor And Artistry In Case Study As A Strategic Qualitative Methodology, Prema Gaikwad

The Qualitative Report

Case study has emerged as a popular research design among the other variations of qualitative designs. This theoretical research study presents the nature of case study as a stand-alone qualitative research methodology, which has an in-built flexibility that is unique among the other qualitative approaches. Literature points to two approaches of case study within which criteria for rigor through clear and complete description of the research design can be applied. A qualitative case study also lends itself to creativity or artistry with a freedom to be multi-method in nature. Being simultaneously rigorous and artistic is possible in case study through ...


Impact Of English Language Training On Linguistic And Cultural Identity Of Call Center Employees, Mitima Jean-Paul Zagabe 2017 University of the Philippines Open University

Impact Of English Language Training On Linguistic And Cultural Identity Of Call Center Employees, Mitima Jean-Paul Zagabe

The Qualitative Report

The Call Center Industry in the Philippines has been attracting employees from different cultural and linguistic backgrounds. Such industry requires employees to have a strong command of the English language. More specifically, American English serves as the model for English language requirements. The problem is that these requirements may have a negative impact on linguistic and cultural identity of Filipino employees. This study explored the Filipino English language trainers’ integration with the American culture and language and whether this has any influence on the way they teach the language. It also investigated whether the Call Center Industry training has any ...


Introduction To The Asian Qualitative Research Association Special Issue, Safary Wa-Mbaleka 2017 Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies

Introduction To The Asian Qualitative Research Association Special Issue, Safary Wa-Mbaleka

The Qualitative Report

Founded in 2015, the Asian Qualitative Research Association (AQRA) has become a leader in fostering qualitative research practice and education in the Philippines and beyond. Stating in 2016, AQRA has sponsored an annual conference featuring original qualitative research and scholarship. Past conference presenters were invited to submit their papers to The Qualitative Report (TQR) for peer review. As a result of this rigorous process, TQR is delighted to present this special issue in conjunction with AQRA.


Experiences Of Lnu Neophyte Teachers: Cues For A Viable Mentoring Program, Evelyn B. Aguirre, Solomon D. Faller Jr. 2017 Leyte Normal University

Experiences Of Lnu Neophyte Teachers: Cues For A Viable Mentoring Program, Evelyn B. Aguirre, Solomon D. Faller Jr.

The Qualitative Report

The usefulness of teachers’ mentoring program cannot be underestimated. Some universities and colleges in the Philippines have been implementing this kind of program with different approaches, content, and scope. The extent of mentoring programs to improve teaching careers has been studied here and abroad. Results remain inconclusive. This case study with a phenomenological peg has explored the lived experiences of neophyte teachers through semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions. Their experiences in the first years of teaching were characterized by uncertainties, anxieties, struggles, and difficulties emanating from their lack of expertise on various aspects related to teaching practice, lack of ...


Aspirations Of The Out-Of-School Youth: Barangay Napara-An, Salcedo, Eastern Samar Perspective, Apolonio I. Machica Jr., Agnesia A. Machica 2017 Eastern Samar State University, Salcedo Campus

Aspirations Of The Out-Of-School Youth: Barangay Napara-An, Salcedo, Eastern Samar Perspective, Apolonio I. Machica Jr., Agnesia A. Machica

The Qualitative Report

Aspiration is an ingredient in achieving something in life. It makes or unmakes success. Aspirations differ among the youth. Rural youth aspire for education because through education they can fulfill their dreams in life (Tafere, 2015). The existence of the out-of-school youths, however, along the peripheries of educational institutions in Barangay Napara-an prompted this case study to explore the aspirations of these out-of-school youths of the rural barangay. Eight participants who were not enrolled in the Alternative Learning System (ALS) Program were selected through the assistance of ALS personnel. Data gathered from the participants through personal interview were compared with ...


Lived Experiences Of Battered Women In Ozamiz City, Philippines, Cynthia S. Superable 2017 Misamis University

Lived Experiences Of Battered Women In Ozamiz City, Philippines, Cynthia S. Superable

The Qualitative Report

Domestic violence is prevalent not only in the Philippines but also in other countries. This study explored how battered women viewed their experiences as victims using a hermeneutic phenomenological approach (van Manen, 2016). Using purposive sampling and snowball technique, the study identified six battered women who were interviewed using researcher-made guide questions. The responses generated from the interviews were transcribed and analyzed using Heidegger's hermeneutic phenomenology which aimed to understand the lived experiences of the participants. Four central themes were identified, namely recurrence of physical abuse, endurance to pain, disempowerment of women, and love for family. Battered women prefer ...


Addressing The Ten Commonly Asked Questions About Qualitative Research In The Philippines, Safary Wa-Mbaleka 2017 Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies

Addressing The Ten Commonly Asked Questions About Qualitative Research In The Philippines, Safary Wa-Mbaleka

The Qualitative Report

There is no doubt that the need for qualitative research has increased and has been felt all around the world. Once feared, detested, or even not much valued by some, qualitative research has now become the rare bird many people are trying to catch. Unfortunately, as more and more people and institutions try to embrace qualitative research, maybe more damage is being done in the process because of the lack of solid understanding of qualitative research. To pave a strong way to excellence in qualitative research conduct and dissemination, it is important to have an idea of the current state ...


Prevalence And Incidence Of Health Risk Factors Among Adolescent Girls, Kylah Pollard, Mohammed Chowdhury, Sarai Bauguess 2017 Kennesaw State University

Prevalence And Incidence Of Health Risk Factors Among Adolescent Girls, Kylah Pollard, Mohammed Chowdhury, Sarai Bauguess

The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research

Heart Disease has many different risk factors, including hypertension (high blood pressure) and high cholesterol. Research has shown that hypertension can be identified as early as adolescence, and preventative measures can be instilled in this age. However, the relationship between hypertension, high cholesterol, race, and income have not been studied in detail among adolescents. The present study analyzed the effects of different health factors on blood pressure and cholesterol levels in Caucasian and African-American girls ages 9-21 years old, the prime of adolescence. The dataset was part of a larger study completed by the National Heart, Blood, and Lung Institute ...


The Parents’ Values Of Early Childhood Education And Care In Russia: Discovering The Dimensions Via Coding And Category Clustering, Olga Savinskaya 2017 National Research University Higher School of Economics

The Parents’ Values Of Early Childhood Education And Care In Russia: Discovering The Dimensions Via Coding And Category Clustering, Olga Savinskaya

The Qualitative Report

In this study I explore parents’ perceptions of kindergarten as a social institution for the provision of early childhood education and care (ECEC). Global reforms of this important part of the welfare state are a starting point for the research. Redefining welfare ideology and minimizing the social burden on the state leads to the public and scientific debate about the value of early childhood education and its role in investing in human development. In-depth interviews with 30 mothers were analyzed by coding and category clustering. The results show that parents understand the service provided by a kindergarten as complex, aimed ...


A Look At Minimizing Student Loan Debt, While Maximizing Advanced Educational Opportunities, Karla Bradford 2017 Kennesaw State University

A Look At Minimizing Student Loan Debt, While Maximizing Advanced Educational Opportunities, Karla Bradford

The Siegel Institute Journal of Applied Ethics

Poverty is a reality for many who obtain a degree of higher education and enter the workforce immediately after graduation. Funding an education for many may lead to student loan debt that is often virtually impossible to repay. This often leads many to believe that the debt incurred from obtaining a degree of higher education may not be worth the gain. The purpose of this paper is explore several articles that report on higher education as it relates to poverty, student loan debt, and salary pay scales for degrees and professional trade certifications. While investigating those related themes, this paper ...


Music To Mend Heartache: Song Choices To Match, Change, And Distract Mood, Rhiannon Kallis, Anna V. Ortiz Juarez-Paz 2017 Indiana University of Pennsylvania

Music To Mend Heartache: Song Choices To Match, Change, And Distract Mood, Rhiannon Kallis, Anna V. Ortiz Juarez-Paz

The Qualitative Report

Romantic turmoil is something that most people experience in their life. When faced with an upsetting event, such as a breakup or fight with a partner, a person may turn to music to achieve a more desirable state of mind. The current study extended past research on music and coping by focusing specifically on a person’s use of music when they have emotional distress due to a romantic event. Ten interviews revealed the major theme “Music as a Tool,” regarding how people use music as social support. The first subtheme, Alliance with Mood, describes how participants used music as ...


Total Error And Variability Measures With Integrated Disclosure Limitation For Quarterly Workforce Indicators And Lehd Origin Destination Employment Statistics In Onthe Map, Kevin L. McKinney, Andrew Green, Lars Vilhuber, John Abowd 2017 US Census Bureau

Total Error And Variability Measures With Integrated Disclosure Limitation For Quarterly Workforce Indicators And Lehd Origin Destination Employment Statistics In Onthe Map, Kevin L. Mckinney, Andrew Green, Lars Vilhuber, John Abowd

Labor Dynamics Institute

We report results from the first comprehensive total quality evaluation of five major indicators in the U.S. Census Bureau's Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) Program Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI): total employment, beginning-of-quarter employment, full-quarter employment, total payroll, and average monthly earnings of full-quarter employees. Beginning-of-quarter employment is also the main tabulation variable in the LEHD Origin-Destination Employment Statistics (LODES) workplace reports as displayed in OnTheMap (OTM). The evaluation is conducted by generating multiple threads of the edit and imputation models used in the LEHD Infrastructure File System. These threads conform to the Rubin (1987) multiple imputation model, with each ...


Postmodern Social Control: Dividuals And Surveillance, Ernest M. Oleksy 2017 Cleveland State University

Postmodern Social Control: Dividuals And Surveillance, Ernest M. Oleksy

The Downtown Review

As a society's foundational philosophy changes, so, too, will its forms of social control. By using the works of thinkers like Deleuze and Foucault as pivot points, the dynamic nature of social interactions and the agents to mediate those actions shall be investigated. This article includes findings from archival analysis written in a journalistic prose for simplicity of consumption.


Digital Commons powered by bepress