An Evaluation Of The 2016 Election Polls In The United States, 2018 Pew Research Center, Washington, DC
An Evaluation Of The 2016 Election Polls In The United States, Courtney Kennedy, Mark Blumenthal, Scott Clement, Joshua D. Clinton, Claire Durand, Charles Franklin, Kyley Mcgeeney, Lee Miringoff, Kristen M. Olson, Douglas Rivers, Lydia Saad, G. Evans Witt, Christopher Wlezien
Sociology Department, Faculty Publications
The 2016 presidential election was a jarring event for polling in the United States. Preelection polls fueled high-profile predictions that Hillary Clinton’s likelihood of winning the presidency was about 90 percent, with estimates ranging from 71 to over 99 percent. When Donald Trump was declared the winner of the presidency, there was a widespread perception that the polls failed. But did the polls fail? And if so, why? Those are among the central questions addressed by an American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR) ad hoc committee. This paper presents the committee’s analysis of the performance of preelection ...
Predicting The Next Us President By Simulating The Electoral College, 2018 New York City College of Technology, CUNY
Predicting The Next Us President By Simulating The Electoral College, Boyan Kostadinov
Journal of Humanistic Mathematics
We develop a simulation model for predicting the outcome of the US Presidential election based on simulating the distribution of the Electoral College. The simulation model has two parts: (a) estimating the probabilities for a given candidate to win each state and DC, based on state polls, and (b) estimating the probability that a given candidate will win at least 270 electoral votes, and thus win the White House. All simulations are coded using the high-level, open-source programming language R. One of the goals of this paper is to promote computational thinking in any STEM field by illustrating how probabilistic ...
Inductive And Deductive: Ambiguous Labels In Qualitative Content Analysis, 2018 Nursing instructor, PhD candidate in Nursing, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.
Inductive And Deductive: Ambiguous Labels In Qualitative Content Analysis, Mohammad Reza Armat, Abdolghader Assarroudi, Mostafa Rad, Hassan Sharifi, Abbas Heydari
The Qualitative Report
The propounded dualism in Content Analysis as quantitative and qualitative approaches is widely supported and justified in nursing literature. Nevertheless, another sort of dualism is proposed for Qualitative Content Analysis, suggesting the adoption of "inductive" and/or "deductive" approaches in the process of qualitative data analysis. These approaches have been referred and labelled as "inductive" or "conventional"; and "deductive" or "directed" content analysis in the literature. Authors argue that these labels could be fallacious, and may lead to ambiguity; as in effect, both approaches are employed with different dominancy during the process of any Qualitative Content Analysis. Thus, authors suggest ...
The Basics And Ethics Of Social And Behavioral Sciences Research Design: A Book Review, 2018 Nova Southeastern University
The Basics And Ethics Of Social And Behavioral Sciences Research Design: A Book Review, Isibel C. Moreno
The Qualitative Report
The following is a succinct review of the book: Research Design: Quantitative, Qualitative, Mixed Methods, Arts-Based, and Community-Based Participatory Research Approaches, written by Patricia Leavy and published in 2017. This review covers topics such as the book’s successful depiction of the basic concepts encompassed in research design for the social and behavioral sciences, the setup of the chapters, discussions about the author’s inclusion of Review Stops interweaved in each chapter, as well as the author’s discussions of social justice and ethical considerations for each topic explained in the book. In addition, there are brief notes on the ...
On Time Well Spent: A Review Of Helen Kara’S Research And Evaluation For Busy Students And Practitioners, 2018 University of South Florida
On Time Well Spent: A Review Of Helen Kara’S Research And Evaluation For Busy Students And Practitioners, Stephanie Fitzsimmons
The Qualitative Report
We all have those moments when we are assigned a new project or research assignment where we think, “Oh my goodness, I don’t even know where to start.” I wish I had this book 20 years ago to guide me through internal conversations and shed light on the research process. Kara weaves the conversation, not only from her perspective and experience but also of others who shared their thoughts and experiences. The book through stories, experiences, and tips creates a virtual friend that acts as a safe place to ask questions and see how others handled certain situations. As ...
Models As Weapons: Review Of Weapons Of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality And Threatens Democracy By Cathy O’Neil (2016), Samuel L. Tunstall
Cathy O’Neil. 2016. Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy (New York, NY: Crown) 272 pp. ISBN 978-0553418811.
Accessible to a wide readership, Cathy O’Neil’s Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy provides a lucid yet alarming account of the extensive reach of mathematical models in influencing all of our lives. With a particular eye towards social justice, O’Neil not only warns modelers to be cognizant of the effects of their work on real people—especially vulnerable groups who have less power to fight back—but ...
Post-Truth Overexposure: Media Consumption And Confidence In Institutions, 2018 Skidmore College
Post-Truth Overexposure: Media Consumption And Confidence In Institutions, Nicholas Papazian
Sociology Senior Seminar Papers
Does increased consumption of media affect how the public views the institutions of government and media? This study analyzes the relationships between time spent consuming television and Internet, where a respondent gets their news from (television vs. Internet), and confidence in these institutions. I predict an inverse relationship between exposure to television and Internet and confidence in media and government. I further hypothesize that people who get their news primarily from the Internet have less confidence in these institutions than those who get their news from television. I test this relationship using a sample of 370 respondents from the 2016 ...
Modeling Geographic Factors And Assessing Their Accuracy In Identifying Health Disparities In Fayette County, 2018 University of Kentucky
Modeling Geographic Factors And Assessing Their Accuracy In Identifying Health Disparities In Fayette County, Ian Jones
Lewis Honors College Capstone Collection
The purpose of this capstone is to conduct a review of existing literature to determine the effects of a variety of geographic variables on health and wellness. The student will use their findings to create a visual aid to displaying these geographic factors and their distributions within Fayette County. Furthermore, the student will analyze the intersection of these variables to predict potential pockets of discrepancy within Fayette County. Based on this analysis, the student will propose possible interventions with a basis in current literature. This project will provide the student with the opportunity to conduct a study of existing literature ...
Out Of Sight, Out Of Mind: An Analysis Of Household Food Waste In Arcata, California, 2018 Humboldt State University
Out Of Sight, Out Of Mind: An Analysis Of Household Food Waste In Arcata, California, Jennifer Michelle Domareki
Theses and projects
A rising demand for healthy and sustainably grown food has become a trend of our time. However, there is dissonance in contemporary awareness about where food comes from and where it ultimately ends up. Globally, one third of all food produced is never used. In the United States alone, approximately 55 million tons of food is discarded each year (Venkat, 2012). This is problematic because food waste has environmental, economic and social costs associated with it. Organic materials accelerate anthropogenic climate changing greenhouse gas emissions by releasing methane as they decompose in landfills. In addition, unused food embodies and thus ...
The Effects Of Respondent And Question Characteristics On Respondent Answering Behaviors In Telephone Interviews, 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
The Effects Of Respondent And Question Characteristics On Respondent Answering Behaviors In Telephone Interviews, Kristen Olson, Jolene Smyth, Amanda Ganshert
Sociology Department, Faculty Publications
In a standardized telephone interview, respondents ideally are able to provide an answer that easily fits the response task. Deviations from this ideal question answering behavior are behavioral manifestations of breakdowns in the cognitive response process and partially reveal mechanisms underlying measurement error, but little is known about what question characteristics or types of respondents are associated with what types of deviations. Evaluations of question problems tend to look at one question characteristic at a time; yet questions are comprised of multiple characteristics, some of which are easier to experimentally manipulate (e.g., presence of a definition) than others (e ...
A Case Study Of Veteran And Civilian Student Academic Performance At The University Of Central Florida, 2018 University of Central Florida
A Case Study Of Veteran And Civilian Student Academic Performance At The University Of Central Florida, Floyd C. Diehl Jr
Honors in the Major Theses
This study seeks to provide a brief overview of academic standards and performance of veterans of the United States military and civilians who attend the University of Central Florida. Whether a student is a veteran or a civilian, he or she must learn how to adapt to the requirements of an academic community in order to be successful in that environment. It may be difficult for some. In able for society to discern the importance of the academic performance of both veterans and civilians alike, research is vital. There are various assumptions about veterans. For example, it can be assumed ...
Problematic Autoethnographic Research: Researcher’S Failure In Positioning, 2018 Pennsylvania State University
Problematic Autoethnographic Research: Researcher’S Failure In Positioning, Ji Young Shim
The Qualitative Report
This article problematizes and discusses the “auto”ethnographical approach, which has recently become pervasive in research-oriented writings, to “tell the story of self and subject” in order to analyze wider cultural and social conditions. This method can be found in the remarkable array of a variety of disciplines in which scholars have explicitly and implicitly highlighted identity-related issues. One problem with this approach is its failure to recognize the ideological generalization in identifying the researcher’s position, with the risk of eventually becoming a neutral “truth through the researcher’s reality.” This paper focuses on the crisis between history and ...
Prime-Target Salience Matching As An Alternative Driver Of Implicit Bias On The Weapon Identification Task, 2018 University of Colorado Boulder
Prime-Target Salience Matching As An Alternative Driver Of Implicit Bias On The Weapon Identification Task, Lindsay Marshall Tuttle
Undergraduate Honors Theses
The Weapon Identification Task (WIT) was designed to measure mental associations between race and the concepts of danger or violence. Consistently, the task demonstrates that on average, after being shown the face of a Black male, participants responded faster and more accurately to gun stimuli. This experiment was designed to test whether the results of the WIT could be due to prime-target salience matches. In study 1, a WIT was designed using visually salient faces as primes. The contrast of these face primes was manipulated in order to create high or low salience. In study 2, a WIT was created ...
Opioid Use Disorder: The Ugly Return And Treatment Effectiveness Of Heroin Use, 2018 University of North Florida
Opioid Use Disorder: The Ugly Return And Treatment Effectiveness Of Heroin Use, Antwana L. Drayton
UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations
Relationships among demographic, socioeconomic and person factors and Opioid Use Disorder diagnosis, treatment, and recidivism were explored. Data from a sample of 4,860 adults with substance use difficulties were analyzed. A program evaluation was conducted on Gateway Community Services to explore the use of Medication Assisted Treatments (MATs) and Psychosocial (PS) treatments to address Opioid Use Disorder. Using archival data, a chi-square analysis and independent sample t-test was performed. The results expressed that a relationship among race, type of substance use diagnosis, and treatment type and recidivism rate was found. While White/Non-Hispanics adults were more likely to use ...
Applying A Total Quality Framework To Qualitative Research Design: A Review, 2018 Nova Southeastern University
Applying A Total Quality Framework To Qualitative Research Design: A Review, Paula Boros
The Qualitative Report
In Applied Qualitative Research Design: A Total Quality Framework Approach, Margaret R. Roller and Paul J. Lavrakas present their Total Quality Framework (TQF) designed to help researchers understand qualitative research is required to be creditable, analyzable, transparent, and useful. The authors show how qualitative researchers can utilize these four TQR fundamental elements to identify strengths and limitations of their qualitative methods and design process.
Netnographic Slog: Creative Elicitation Strategies To Encourage Participation In An Online Community Of Practice For Early Education And Care, Ruth Wallace
ECU Publications Post 2013
Active, participatory netnography, in contrast to passive netnography, is essential if researchers are to gain rich rewards from the rigorous collection of qualitative data. However, researchers should be aware of the ‘netnographic slog’; “the blood, sweat and tears” associated with eliciting quality data and encouraging active participation in online communities.
This article examines the – Supporting Nutrition for Australian Childcare (SNAC) – online community of practice, established to support healthy eating practices in early childhood education and care settings. To ensure research rigour, Kozinets’ netnographic steps were employed. Garnering member participation in this online community was a slog; most community content was ...
Male–Female Relationship Labels, Information Sharing (Disclosures), And Expectations, 2018 Iowa State University
Male–Female Relationship Labels, Information Sharing (Disclosures), And Expectations, Mark V. Redmond
English Technical Reports and White Papers
College students responded to a survey of on the communication behaviors and information sharing expected in male-female relationships labeled friends, hanging-out, talking, casual dating, dating, boyfriend/girlfriend, and romantic relationship. Results show specific relationship differences and suggest expectations fall into three relational categories: nonromantic (friend), preromantic (talking, hanging-out, and casual dating), and romantic (dating, boyfriend/girlfriend, and romantic relationship). Ambiguity about the expectations for sharing information was high for the relationships in the preromantic category and low for the romantic.
The Effects Of Mismatches Between Survey Question Stems And Response Options On Data Quality And Responses, 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
The Effects Of Mismatches Between Survey Question Stems And Response Options On Data Quality And Responses, Jolene Smyth, Kristen Olson
Sociology Department, Faculty Publications
Several questionnaire design texts emphasize a dual role of question wording: the wording needs to express what is being measured and tell respondents how to answer. Researchers tend to focus heavily on the first of these goals, but sometimes overlook the second, resulting in question wording that does not match the response options provided (i.e., mismatches). Common examples are yes/no questions with ordinal or nominal response options, open-ended questions with closed-ended response options, and check-all-that apply questions with forced-choice response options. A slightly different type of mismatch utilizes a question stem that can be read as asking for ...
Redefining Risk: Constructing And Validating A Bayesian Tool For Reducing Recidivism In The Era Of Mass Incarceration, 2018 University of Colorado at Boulder
Redefining Risk: Constructing And Validating A Bayesian Tool For Reducing Recidivism In The Era Of Mass Incarceration, Philip Matthew Pendergast
Sociology Graduate Theses & Dissertations
The actuarial assessment of recidivism risk is the foremost way that criminal justice systems balance managing caseloads, prioritizing rehabilitative services, and protecting public safety in the modern era of punishment. As such, many researchers have worked to develop new and better methods for more accurately classifying offender risk, but this has often happened at the expense of making theoretical contributions to the field of criminology. Furthermore, researchers have ignored some innovative methods that hold great promise for improving the accuracy of risk predictions. In this dissertation, I use Washington State Department of Corrections data to develop and validate the first ...
Campus Climate Sexual Assault Survey (2015) Analysis, 2018 The University of Akron
Campus Climate Sexual Assault Survey (2015) Analysis, Felicia Rosin
Honors Research Projects
The issue of sexual assault has garnered widespread attention in recent years, as is evident by the growing number of high-profile cases and mainstream social movements. With this increasingly bright spotlight, it is no surprise that The University of Akron has interest in improving the sexual violence education programs offered to students. In 2015, the university conducted a survey to gather information on the campus climate surrounding sexual assault. This analysis dives into a deeper analysis of the data gathered in an attempt to pinpoint areas that require the university’s attention. The analysis covers topics identified by Dean of ...