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Integration Of Blockchain Technology Into Automobiles To Prevent And Study The Causes Of Accidents, John Kim 2021 California State University, San Bernardino

Integration Of Blockchain Technology Into Automobiles To Prevent And Study The Causes Of Accidents, John Kim

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Automobile collisions occur daily. We now live in an information-driven world, one where technology is quickly evolving. Blockchain technology can change the automotive industry, the safety of the motoring public and its surrounding environment by incorporating this vast array of information. It can place safety and efficiency at the forefront to pedestrians, public establishments, and provide public agencies with pertinent information securely and efficiently. Other industries where Blockchain technology has been effective in are as follows: supply chain management, logistics, and banking. This paper reviews some statistical information regarding automobile collisions, Blockchain technology, Smart Contracts, Smart Cities; assesses the feasibility ...


Parents’ Awareness On Online Predators: Cyber Grooming Deterrence, Magiswary Dorasamy, Maniam Kaliannan, Manimekalai Jambulingam, Iqbal Ramadhan, Ashok Sivaji 2021 Multimedia University

Parents’ Awareness On Online Predators: Cyber Grooming Deterrence, Magiswary Dorasamy, Maniam Kaliannan, Manimekalai Jambulingam, Iqbal Ramadhan, Ashok Sivaji

The Qualitative Report

The rapid increase of information and communications technology is manifested by its tremendous positive outcomes on the economy, business, and society. However, online application use by adolescents, especially mobile technology, has caused uneasiness among parents owing to cyber grooming incidents. This study reflects on the current cyber grooming situation. Investigating the current state of online grooming and the means through which parents can ensure the online safety of their adolescents from adults offering “candy” or wanting to start a relationship is necessary. Teen behavior related scholars believe that parents play a vital role in building safe environments. We conducted a ...


“I Finally Marginalized Myself From The Mainstream”: An Autoethnography Study Of Chinese International Student’S Development Of Intercultural Communicative Competence, Yuqi Lin, Hongzhi Zhang 2021 Monash University, Australia

“I Finally Marginalized Myself From The Mainstream”: An Autoethnography Study Of Chinese International Student’S Development Of Intercultural Communicative Competence, Yuqi Lin, Hongzhi Zhang

The Qualitative Report

In the higher education market, the cross-border flow of international students has become increasingly apparent. For Australia, China has been a major student source and most of these students have been enrolled in the higher education sector. Such a phenomenon has rendered the innovation of higher education management necessary, and its socio-cultural influence has attracted attention from the Australian government. This study suggests that international students’ intercultural communicative competence (ICC) deficits could influence their self-perceptions thus compromising their ability to communicate with peers. Using a qualitative research approach, the study explores the extent to which China’s College English influences ...


Parámetros Para Orientar Procesos Informales De Concertación En Movilidad Urbana Sostenible En Colombia, Erika J. Castro Buitrago, Jorge E. Vásquez Santamaría 2021 Universidad de Medellín

Parámetros Para Orientar Procesos Informales De Concertación En Movilidad Urbana Sostenible En Colombia, Erika J. Castro Buitrago, Jorge E. Vásquez Santamaría

The Qualitative Report

El artículo propone desde un punto de vista jurídico los parámetros de actuación que pueden orientar los procesos de concertación informal sobre movilidad urbana sostenible entre autoridades y ciudadanos en Colombia, acudiendo a las experiencias de concertación informal de actores ciudadanos. Se empleó una metodología cualitativa, con enfoque sociojurídico y hermenéutica dialógica. La información empírica se recopiló a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas a informantes clave y el análisis de documentos. Los hallazgos mostraron que una buena parte de estos procesos tiene lugar de manera informal y los participantes no poseen directrices que dirijan su éxito. Además, la concertación de proyectos ...


Reflections On Trauma: A Phenomenological Qualitative Secondary Analysis Of Archived Interviews About Adolescent Experiences During The 1970 Kent State Student Shootings, Sheryl L. Chatfield, Kristen A. DeBois, Erin Orlins 2021 Kent State University - Kent Campus

Reflections On Trauma: A Phenomenological Qualitative Secondary Analysis Of Archived Interviews About Adolescent Experiences During The 1970 Kent State Student Shootings, Sheryl L. Chatfield, Kristen A. Debois, Erin Orlins

The Qualitative Report

Among short-term mental health consequences for adolescents who have proximate or direct experience with mass shootings in school settings are posttraumatic stress and posttraumatic stress disorder. Identifying incidence of enduring mental health impacts is challenging due to difficulty of tracking individuals into adulthood. The purpose of this paper is to use qualitative secondary analysis to explore how seven individuals reflectively describe and interpret their lived experiences as adolescents during the May 4, 1970, Kent State University Vietnam protest that resulted in deaths and injuries to students fired upon by Ohio National Guard. Archived transcripts from interviews conducted up to 48 ...


Identification Of Needs Of Community Schools Of Kavre, Nepal For Educational Improvement, Roshani Rajbanshi, Parbati Dhungana, Bal Luitel 2021 Kathmandu University

Identification Of Needs Of Community Schools Of Kavre, Nepal For Educational Improvement, Roshani Rajbanshi, Parbati Dhungana, Bal Luitel

The Qualitative Report

Needs assessment is a method to find out the current needs of the school that can be considered for providing quality education to the students. This paper presents the needs of five community schools intending to bring changes in the school community. Thus, this paper aims to identify the needs of the five community schools of Kavre, Nepal, and recommend possible interventions. In-depth interviews, observations, and focus group discussions with different stakeholders provided rich data for this study. School-specific needs were identified from the data based on which recommendations are made for intervention, which are: Teacher professional development, contextualized curriculum ...


Data Consultations, Racism, And Critiquing Colonialism In Demographic Datasheets, Nina Exner, Erin Carrillo, Sam A. Leif 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University

Data Consultations, Racism, And Critiquing Colonialism In Demographic Datasheets, Nina Exner, Erin Carrillo, Sam A. Leif

Journal of eScience Librarianship

Objective: We consider how data librarians can take antiracist action in education and consultations. We attempt to apply QuantCrit thinking, particularly to demographic datasheets.

Methods: We synthesize historical context with modern critical thinking about race and data to examine the origins of current assumptions about data. We then present examples of how racial categories can hide, rather than reveal, racial disparities. Finally, we apply the Model of Domain Learning to explain why data science and data management experts can and should expose experts in subject research to the idea of critically examining demographic data collection.

Results: There are good reasons ...


Work Environment And The Teacher: A Qualitative Case Study Of Public Secondary Schools In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Edomgenet Hiba Issa 2021 Mizan-Tepi University, Ethiopia

Work Environment And The Teacher: A Qualitative Case Study Of Public Secondary Schools In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Edomgenet Hiba Issa

The Qualitative Report

This study examined the nexus between the public secondary school teacher and his/her work environment. To capture the nature and substance of this nexus, the study was mainly directed towards answering the following two research questions: Which attributes of work environment matter most to the public secondary school teacher? And why do they matter? The study was conducted on teachers in public secondary schools of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It adopted a qualitative case study design where data were collected through semi-structured interviews and then analyzed using a thematic analysis technique. The results show that basic school facilities, teacher-principal and ...


Iranian Students’ Experience Of K-12 And Higher Education: Use Of Drawings To Convey The Difference Between Ideals And Reality, Iman Tohidian, Abbas Abbaspour, Ali Khorsandi Taskoh 2021 Allameh Tabataba'i University (ATU)

Iranian Students’ Experience Of K-12 And Higher Education: Use Of Drawings To Convey The Difference Between Ideals And Reality, Iman Tohidian, Abbas Abbaspour, Ali Khorsandi Taskoh

The Qualitative Report

The focus of education during K-12 and Higher Education (HE) in Iran is on theoretical empowerment of students; therefore, our students get an illusion of knowing. In fact, what happens is not learning and understanding; rather, it is verbatim transfer of available information in the textbooks into the students’ minds. It might be because the students and teachers (as the main stakeholders of the education) are the least powerful parties within the pyramid of power amongst educational practitioners and policymakers. It means their voice, feedback, needs, and ideologies have no place in the educational decisions and policies. In alignment with ...


Informing Without Conforming: Applying Two Frameworks To Enrich Autoethnography, AnnMarie Dull 2021 Saint John's University

Informing Without Conforming: Applying Two Frameworks To Enrich Autoethnography, Annmarie Dull

The Qualitative Report

This article explores my experiences using two frameworks to guide the design, implementation and reporting of an autoethnography. I used Hughes, Pennington, and Makris’ (2012) framework for translating autoethnography to the American Educational Research Association (AERA) Standards for reporting empirical research to inform the structure, design, and process for the autoethnography, and Milner’s (2007) framework for researchers to examine seen, unseen, and unforeseen dangers to guide my reflection, support reflexivity, and examine the development of a dynamic positionality. In this article, I illustrate how using these frameworks enhanced the rigor and reflexivity of my autoethnographic research.


A Rapid Review Of Internet Mediated Research Methods With People With Dementia: Practical, Technical And Ethical Considerations, Tharin Phenwan Dr, Judith Sixsmith Prof, Linda McSwiggan Dr, Deans Buchanan Dr 2021 University of Dundee, United Kingdom

A Rapid Review Of Internet Mediated Research Methods With People With Dementia: Practical, Technical And Ethical Considerations, Tharin Phenwan Dr, Judith Sixsmith Prof, Linda Mcswiggan Dr, Deans Buchanan Dr

The Qualitative Report

Doing research with People with Dementia (PwD) can be challenging given that disease symptoms of anxiety, forgetfulness, and fluctuating mental capacity can make recruitment and data collection difficult. Once COVID-19 made face-to-face data collection impractical, using internet-based methods became an alternative option to continue with research. However, data collection with PwD over the internet requires strategies to observe, support, and enable them to engage with research, especially with qualitative approaches. Nine articles were selected via a decade rapid scoping review (undertaken March-June 2020) to identify qualitative online methods used with PwD and associated challenges. Methods used were online interviews, clinical ...


The Experiences Of Ethical Tensions When Using Harm Reduction With High-Risk Youth, Patricia I. Owens, Simon Nuttgens 2021 Athabasca University

The Experiences Of Ethical Tensions When Using Harm Reduction With High-Risk Youth, Patricia I. Owens, Simon Nuttgens

The Qualitative Report

Little is known about the ethical experiences of psychologists who work with high-risk youth using a harm reduction approach. We used interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) to explicitly explore this phenomenon. In this small exploratory study three participants were interviewed to glean their experiences of ethical tension. Data analysis revealed three superordinate themes (questioning, acting, and holding) within which eight subthemes are subsumed (questioning beneficence, questions from others, self-care, social change, negotiation, consultation and supervision, acceptance, and sitting with tension). The results of this research suggest that context-specific ethical tensions may arise for psychologists who work with high-risk youth using a ...


Multicultural Engagement Activities To Support Internationalization Of Bilingual Higher Education Programs, Amirullah Abduh, Muhammad Basri, Muhammad Rapi, Rosmaladewi Rosmaladewi 2021 Universitas Negeri Makassar-Indonesia

Multicultural Engagement Activities To Support Internationalization Of Bilingual Higher Education Programs, Amirullah Abduh, Muhammad Basri, Muhammad Rapi, Rosmaladewi Rosmaladewi

The Qualitative Report

In this paper, we aim to offer multicultural engagement activities to support the internationalization of higher education. This research applies the interpretive qualitative case study with twelve key participants from three different bilingual higher education programs. The study used semi-structured interviews to investigate multicultural engagement activities. The findings of the study show that two important patterns emerged from the data: national multicultural engagement activities and international multicultural engagement activities. The national multicultural engagement can be held in the contexts of formal multicultural engagement activities, semi-formal multicultural engagement activities, and project-based multicultural engagement activities. In addition, the international multicultural engagement activities ...


Atrapados Y Sin Salida: Explotación Delictiva De Niñas, Niños Y Adolescentes Venezolanos Migrantes Indocumentados En Colombia, Nicolasa M. Durán Palacio, Katy L. Millán Otero Srita 2021 Universidad Católica Luis Amigó

Atrapados Y Sin Salida: Explotación Delictiva De Niñas, Niños Y Adolescentes Venezolanos Migrantes Indocumentados En Colombia, Nicolasa M. Durán Palacio, Katy L. Millán Otero Srita

The Qualitative Report

Este texto devela las prácticas de explotación delictiva de niñas, niños y adolescentes migrantes venezolanos, sin estatus legal en Colombia, por parte de grupos armados ilegales y de las bandas de crimen organizado, especialmente en las fronteras colombo-venezolanas, lugar de tránsito de la población migrante indocumentada. A través de una revisión documental con diseño cualitativo, se identifican las lógicas de victimización de la población infantil migrante sin estatus legal, los riesgos a los que se enfrentan y los obstáculos legales migratorios que les afectan negativamente y que no pueden encarar, dada su condición de indocumentados y sin amparo de su ...


Using Generalizability And Rasch Measurement Theory To Ensure Rigorous Measurement In An International Development Education Evaluation, Louise Bahry 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Using Generalizability And Rasch Measurement Theory To Ensure Rigorous Measurement In An International Development Education Evaluation, Louise Bahry

Doctoral Dissertations

Between the United States and Great Britain, over 30 billion USD was spent in 2018 on international aid, over a billion of which is dedicated to education programs alone. Recently, there has been increased attention on the rigorous evaluation of aid-funded programs, moving beyond counting outputs to the measurement of educational impact. The current study uses two methodological approaches (Generalizability (Brennan, 1992, 2001) and Rasch Measurement Theory (Andrich, 1978; Rasch, 1980; Wright & Masters, 1982) to analyze data from math and literacy assessments, and self-report surveys used in an international evaluation of an educational initiative in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. These approaches allow the researcher to identify and select pertinent facets and look at them in relation to one another, allowing us to attribute smaller or larger sources of variability to a particular facet, and using both provides additional insight to instrument development and validation efforts. A thorough analysis of five Early Grades Reading Assessment subtasks, five Early Grades Mathematics Assessment subtasks, and three sets of items from a survey administered to the girls in the study was completed. Results suggest that two factors were consistently flagged as contributing to error in the outcome measures: enumerators and language of administration/girl’s home language. The results of this study provide implications for several phases of evaluations of educational initiatives in developing countries: evaluation design development; the importance of a pilot in assisting in refining the design and sampling plan; and the importance of selecting the appropriate outcome measure, particularly in projects utilizing payment ...


Sobre La Lucha De Ser Mujeres: Subjetividades Políticas Femeninas, Magda V. Díaz Alzate Mg., Nicolasa M. Duran Palacio Dra, Deysafira Gómez Durán Mg. 2021 Universidad Católica Luis Amigó

Sobre La Lucha De Ser Mujeres: Subjetividades Políticas Femeninas, Magda V. Díaz Alzate Mg., Nicolasa M. Duran Palacio Dra, Deysafira Gómez Durán Mg.

The Qualitative Report

Este artículo presenta la supracategoría “La Lucha de Ser Mujeres” como resultado de una investigación cualitativa realizada en Medellín, Colombia, con enfoque feminista que pretendía develar los modos en que se configuran las subjetividades políticas femeninas en un grupo de mujeres jóvenes. Se halló que las mujeres se enfrentan a luchas cotidianas en las familias por su reconocimiento como interlocutoras válidas y por configurarse como mujeres diferentes a la concepción de mujer impuesta por los discursos patriarcales. Los modos que han encontrado para rebelarse y resignificarse pasan necesariamente por los encuentros colectivos con otras mujeres y por el caminar la ...


Incivility Within And Beyond Classrooms: Exploring The Perceptions Of Targets, Instigators, And Observers, Hamna Zaheer, Bilal Sarwar Dr., Zainab Bibi Dr., Noor Muhammad Dr. 2021 University of Balochistan

Incivility Within And Beyond Classrooms: Exploring The Perceptions Of Targets, Instigators, And Observers, Hamna Zaheer, Bilal Sarwar Dr., Zainab Bibi Dr., Noor Muhammad Dr.

The Qualitative Report

This study aimed at understanding the perceptions of female students who had experienced or witnessed incivility by faculty, and instigated incivility in or out of the classroom and how it affected them. Through the application of a phenomenological and qualitative approach, data were collected from eight (8) female business administration students from public sector universities of Quetta, Pakistan. The findings of the study revealed that female students experienced and witnessed faculty incivility within and beyond the classrooms, which included harassment, character assassination, and humiliation characterized as intense behaviors of faculty. These encounters of faculty incivility resulted in psychological distress like ...


Resiliency And Goals: A Phenomenological Exploration Of African American Male Attrition In High School, Dwayne H. Gatson, Christine Enslin 2021 University of Phoenix

Resiliency And Goals: A Phenomenological Exploration Of African American Male Attrition In High School, Dwayne H. Gatson, Christine Enslin

The Qualitative Report

This article describes a phenomenological study that explored the lived experiences and perceptions of African American males with high school attrition. Sixteen event dropouts participated in individually taped semi-structured interviews, producing descriptive themes that were analyzed. Results from this study revealed eight major themes of (a) school climate matters, (b) social and emotional skills enhance development, (c) share responsibility of educational expectations, (d) support lacking, (e) engaging at-risk behavior, (f) apathetic view of education, (g) motivation is the education multiplier, and (h) respect is key to graduation. Findings and implications for stakeholders and future research are included that might prove ...


Collaborative Metaphor Analysis Research Methodology: A Retrospective Self-Study, Donita Shaw, Sue Christian Parsons, Sheri Vasinda 2021 Oklahoma State University

Collaborative Metaphor Analysis Research Methodology: A Retrospective Self-Study, Donita Shaw, Sue Christian Parsons, Sheri Vasinda

The Qualitative Report

The purpose of this manuscript is to explicate the metaphor analysis process we employed in a recent study to make this methodology more accessible to future researchers. To explain and demystify metaphor analysis as a method, we describe in detail the three rounds of data analysis leading to findings. We seek to make transparent the messiness and thoughtfulness of the refining process as well as the methodological rigor and trustworthiness. In the discussion that follows, researchers share experiences with and resulting insights into the methodology in hopes of providing future researchers with support for their own metaphor analysis work.


California North Coast Vehicle And Human Use Beach Survey Of False Klamath Cove, Ruthie A. Maloney, John W. Corbett 2021 Humboldt State University

California North Coast Vehicle And Human Use Beach Survey Of False Klamath Cove, Ruthie A. Maloney, John W. Corbett

IdeaFest: Interdisciplinary Journal of Creative Works and Research from Humboldt State University

This study looks to provide accurate, base-line-data of north coast beach usage and will identify activities in the vicinity of False Klamath Cove (FKC) bird sanctuary, which is a giant smokestack rock bird rookery of some 40,000 seabirds called False Klamath Rock. A research review showed that the north coast does not have adequate statistical information for FKC nor on other north coast beach areas for beach use. In the absence of such local data other beach studies are used. Most of these surveys are in beach areas of Southern California. Such extrapolations often result in an overestimation of ...


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