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Science and Technology Studies Commons

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A New Concept For Privacy In The Light Of Emerging Sciences And Technologies, Michael Friedewald 2010 Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research

A New Concept For Privacy In The Light Of Emerging Sciences And Technologies, Michael Friedewald

Michael Friedewald

Privacy is recognized as a fundamental human right. It underpins human dignity and other values such as freedom of association and freedom of speech. It has become one of the most important human rights of the modern age. However, privacy is challenged in the net- worked society. New technologies undermine the individual right because they facilitate to collect, store, process and combine personal data for the use of security agencies but also of businesses. In many cases this means that the notion of privacy is losing its value. Thus a new concept seems to be necessary.


Mobile Technologies: Participation And Surveillance, Katie Shilton 2010 University of California - Los Angeles

Mobile Technologies: Participation And Surveillance, Katie Shilton

Ethics in Science and Engineering National Clearinghouse

Mobile phones could become the largest surveillance system on the planet. These ubiquitous devices can sense and record data such as images, sound and location. They can automatically upload this data via wireless connections into systems for aggregation and analysis. But unlike traditional surveillance devices, phone sensors can be controlled by billions of individuals around the world. Are emerging mobile technologies platforms for citizen participation in research and discovery? Or new tools for mass surveillance?

Location-based technologies and mobile phone applications like carbon footprint calculator Ecorio and Google’s Latitude are attracting attention and raising new questions for engineers, policy ...


How Technology Has Affected The English Language Learning Classroom, Natalie Bursztynsky 2010 Olivet Nazarene University

How Technology Has Affected The English Language Learning Classroom, Natalie Bursztynsky

Technology Essay Contest Winners

English language learners are a growing percentage of students in today’s classrooms. These students’ educational needs will continue to grow, but so will technology. Multiple technologies today can be incorporated into the classroom, and teachers can be comforted in the fact that there will always be something to keep them one step ahead in the English language learning classroom.


Nmr Spectroscopy, Steven Windberg 2010 Olivet Nazarene University

Nmr Spectroscopy, Steven Windberg

Technology Essay Contest Winners

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) is often described by chemists as one of the most useful pieces of equipment to have in the lab but can also be used in medicine. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) uses the same technology as NMR. MRI has proven to be monumental in the locating of tumors, lesions, and edemas. Current research with MRI seeks to provide researchers a noninvasive way to follow cellular metabolism and to locate tumors.


Accounting Revolutionized Since The Dark Ages, Heather Willoughby 2010 Olivet Nazarene University

Accounting Revolutionized Since The Dark Ages, Heather Willoughby

Technology Essay Contest Winners

The face of accounting has changed considerably as a result of technological advancements. Those entering the accounting field now focus on analyzing information with a managerial mindset. The computer has even opened up new areas of work like forensic accounting. Although the accounting field has made significant improvements in just a few short years, the expected growth in the occupation will undoubtedly enable accountants to do even more unimaginable things in the future.


Mobile Technologies: Participation And Surveillance Lesson Plans, Katie Shilton 2010 University of California - Los Angeles

Mobile Technologies: Participation And Surveillance Lesson Plans, Katie Shilton

Ethics in Science and Engineering National Clearinghouse

No abstract provided.


Insights Into The Commons On Flickr, Jason Vaughan 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Insights Into The Commons On Flickr, Jason Vaughan

Library Faculty Publications

The Commons on Flickr, comprised of an international community of select libraries, museums, and archives, was a project initially launched in 2008 by the Library of Congress and Flickr. Primary goals of The Commons are to broaden exposure to rich cultural heritage photographs and to observe and participate in the communities of engagement and dialog enabled through The Commons. A survey was administered to all The Commons institutions during summer 2009, focusing on assessment of the overall satisfaction of current members and seeking additional details on participation goals, social interactions, staff time involvement, and general statistics. Members report a very ...


Semantics-Empowered Text Exploration For Knowledge Discovery, Delroy H. Cameron, Pablo N. Mendes, Amit P. Sheth, Victor Chan 2010 Wright State University - Main Campus

Semantics-Empowered Text Exploration For Knowledge Discovery, Delroy H. Cameron, Pablo N. Mendes, Amit P. Sheth, Victor Chan

Kno.e.sis Publications

The interaction paradigm offered by most contemporary Web Information Systems is a search-and-sift paradigm in which users manually seek information using hyperlinked documents. This paradigm is derived from a document-centric model that gives users minimal support for scanning through high volumes of text. We present a novel information exploration paradigm based on a data-centric view of corpora, along with a prototype implementation that demonstrates the value in content-driven navigation. We leverage semantic metadata to link data in documents by exploiting named relationships between entities. We also present utilities for gathering user generated navigation trails, critical for knowledge discovery. We discuss ...


What Goes Around Comes Around - Improving Linked Open Data Through On-Demand Model Creation, Christopher Thomas, Wenbo Wang, Pankaj Mehra, Delroy H. Cameron, Pablo N. Mendes, Amit P. Sheth 2010 Wright State University - Main Campus

What Goes Around Comes Around - Improving Linked Open Data Through On-Demand Model Creation, Christopher Thomas, Wenbo Wang, Pankaj Mehra, Delroy H. Cameron, Pablo N. Mendes, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Web 2.0 has changed the way we share and keep up with information. We communicate through social media platforms and make the information we exchange to a large extent publicly available. Linked Open Data (LOD) follows the same paradigm of sharing information but also makes it machine accessible. LOD provides an abundance of structured information albeit in a less formally rigorous form than would be desirable for Semantic Web applications. Nevertheless, most of the LOD assertions are community reviewed and we can rely on their accuracy to a large extent. In this work we want to follow the Web ...


Dynamic Associative Relationships On The Linked Open Data Web, Pablo N. Mendes, Pavan Kapanipathi, Delroy H. Cameron, Amit P. Sheth 2010 Wright State University - Main Campus

Dynamic Associative Relationships On The Linked Open Data Web, Pablo N. Mendes, Pavan Kapanipathi, Delroy H. Cameron, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

We provide a definition of context based on theme, time and location, and propose a mixed retrieval/extraction model for the dynamic suggestion of trending relationships to LOD resources.


Network Neutrality Or Internet Innovation?, Christopher S. Yoo 2010 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Network Neutrality Or Internet Innovation?, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Over the past two decades, the Internet has undergone an extensive re-ordering of its topology that has resulted in increased variation in the price and quality of its services. Innovations such as private peering, multihoming, secondary peering, server farms, and content delivery networks have caused the Internet’s traditionally hierarchical architecture to be replaced by one that is more heterogeneous. Relatedly, network providers have begun to employ an increasingly varied array of business arrangements and pricing. This variation has been interpreted by some as network providers attempting to promote their self interest at the expense of the public. In fact ...


The Role Of Public Libraries And Their Future, Uma Devi Doraiswamy 2010 Western Kentucky University

The Role Of Public Libraries And Their Future, Uma Devi Doraiswamy

DLTS Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Maturing International Cooperation To Address The Cyberspace Attack Attribution Problem, Jeff J. McNeil 2010 Old Dominion University

Maturing International Cooperation To Address The Cyberspace Attack Attribution Problem, Jeff J. Mcneil

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

One of the most significant challenges to deterring attacks in cyberspace is the difficulty of identifying and attributing attacks to specific state or non-state actors. The lack of technical detection capability moves the problem into the legal realm; however, the lack of domestic and international cyberspace legislation makes the problem one of international cooperation. Past assessments have led to collective paralysis pending improved technical and legal advancements. This paper demonstrates, however, that any plausible path to meaningful defense in cyberspace must include a significant element of international cooperation and regime formation.

The analytical approach diverges from past utilitarian-based assessments to ...


Challenges And Opportunities Of Creating Library Services For The Singapore Campus, Lateka Grays 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Challenges And Opportunities Of Creating Library Services For The Singapore Campus, Lateka Grays

Library Faculty Publications

When the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, opened its Singapore campus, it was critical that library services be provided and integrated into the curriculum. The University Libraries team overcame many challenges to create a libraries services infrastructure to support the students. Work began with then-hospitality liaison librarian Cory Tucker and has been carried on by current hospitality liaison librarian Lateka Grays. Our greatest strengths were the expertise of the liaisons and the support of the university.

We faced challenges to our mission of establishing library services in three key areas: access, communication, and technology. We developed a list of questions ...


Communication And The Joomla Open Source Content Management System (Cms): How Social Networking Has Redefined Instructional Documentation, Carly Finseth 2010 Boise State University

Communication And The Joomla Open Source Content Management System (Cms): How Social Networking Has Redefined Instructional Documentation, Carly Finseth

Carly Finseth

No abstract provided.


Tools Of Engagement: Attracting And Engaging Library Users#11;#11;-- "Reaching Through Collaboration", Jennifer Kelley 2010 College of DuPage

Tools Of Engagement: Attracting And Engaging Library Users#11;#11;-- "Reaching Through Collaboration", Jennifer Kelley

Jennifer Kelley

Slides from the Libraries Challenges and Opportunities teleconference "Tools of Engagement" (May 9, 2008)


Library Services For Mobile Devices, Toby Greenwalt, Jacob Hill, Colin Koteles 2010 Skokie Public Library

Library Services For Mobile Devices, Toby Greenwalt, Jacob Hill, Colin Koteles

Colin Koteles

This presentation outlines and discusses the issues, challenges, and technologies involved in offering library services on mobile devices.


Residential Broadband Competition In The United States, Scott J. Wallsten, Colleen Mallahan 2010 Technology Policy Institute, Georgetown Center for Business and Public Policy

Residential Broadband Competition In The United States, Scott J. Wallsten, Colleen Mallahan

Scott J. Wallsten

This paper uses a new FCC dataset on residential broadband subscribership and speeds at the census tract level combined with data from a number of additional sources to explore the state of broadband competition in the U.S. and test the effects of competition on speeds, penetration, and prices.

We find that the number of wireline providers in a census tract is positively correlated with the highest available broadband speeds, even when controlling for housing density, household income, state fixed effects, and endogenizing the number of providers. That is, we find that DSL, cable, and fiber speeds are each significantly ...


A Better Pencil: Readers, Writers, And The Digital Revolution, Priscilla Finley 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

A Better Pencil: Readers, Writers, And The Digital Revolution, Priscilla Finley

Library Faculty Publications

Baron (Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) offers a breezy overview of the ways that technology is shaping reading and writing practices. This book will be valued in the future as a well-contextualized survey of issues that surface among writers in the current online landscape.


The Emergence Of Social Science Research In Nanotechnology, Philip Shapira, Jan Youtie, Alan L. Porter 2010 Georgia Institute of Technology

The Emergence Of Social Science Research In Nanotechnology, Philip Shapira, Jan Youtie, Alan L. Porter

Philip Shapira

This article examines the development of social science literature focused on the emerging area of nanotechnology. It is guided by the exploratory proposition that early social science work on emerging technologies will draw on science and engineering literature on the technology in question to frame its investigative activities, but as the technologies and societal investments in them progress, social scientists will increasingly develop and draw on their own body of literature. To address this proposition the authors create a database of nanotechnology-social science literature by merging articles from the Web of Science’s Social Science Citation Index and Arts and ...


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