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The Prophet And The Pendulum: Sensational Science And Audiovisual Phantasmagoria Around 1848, John Tresch 2011 University of Pennsylvania

The Prophet And The Pendulum: Sensational Science And Audiovisual Phantasmagoria Around 1848, John Tresch

Departmental Papers (HSS)

During the French Second Republic—the volatile period between the 1848 Revolution and Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte’s 1851 coup d’état—two striking performances fired the imaginations of Parisian audiences. The first, in 1849, was a return: after more than a decade, the master of the Parisian grand opera, Giacomo Meyerbeer, launched Le prophète, whose complex instrumentation and astounding visuals—including the unprecedented use of electric lighting—surpassed even his own previous innovations in sound and vision. The second, in 1851, was a debut: the installation of Foucault’s pendulum in the Panthéon. The installation marked the first public exposure of ...


What Is Translational Research?, Catarina I. Kiefe 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

What Is Translational Research?, Catarina I. Kiefe

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Plenary Presentation: Overview of translational science, the application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans.


The Production And Circulation Of Aids Knowledge In Malawi, Crystal Biruk 2011 University of Pennsylvania

The Production And Circulation Of Aids Knowledge In Malawi, Crystal Biruk

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

As the AIDS epidemic continues to spread across Africa, a demand for evidence produced by policy-relevant research means that expatriate-led research projects have become a fixture in highly infected countries. While many have drawn attention to the social and economic consequences of AIDS suffering, few have documented the everyday practices, contradictions and politics of producing AIDS-related knowledge in impoverished contexts. This study examines the ways in which AIDS survey research projects in Malawi produce new socialities and mobilities, generate new exclusions and inclusions and reconfigure expertise and evaluations of knowledge. Rather than focusing on a single knowledge community, the study ...


News Media Environment, Selective Perception, And The Survival Of Preference Diversity Within Communication Networks, Frank C.S. Liu, Paul E. Johnson 2011 National Sun Yat-Sen University

News Media Environment, Selective Perception, And The Survival Of Preference Diversity Within Communication Networks, Frank C.S. Liu, Paul E. Johnson

JITP 2011: The Future of Computational Social Science

There is a natural tension between the effects on public opinion of social networks and the news media. It is widely believed that social networks tend to harmonize opinions within them, but the presence of media may accentuate diversity by inserting discordant messages. On the other hand, in a totalitarian state where the government controls the media, social networks may mitigate the homogenizing pressure of a regime’s propaganda. The tendency of opinion to follow the “official line” may be mitigated because opponents of the government interact on a personal level and bolster one another’s views. This paper employs ...


Auburn University Team Takes Third Place In 2011 Launchpad Competition, 2011 SelectedWorks

Auburn University Team Takes Third Place In 2011 Launchpad Competition

Paul Swamidass

"Launchpad helps motivate the Thomas Walter Center to prepare a sound business plan for a promising Auburn University engineering invention each year," said Swamidass. "The screening provided by the Launchpad judges and publicity offered by the competition increases the chances that a strong Auburn invention will get to market for the benefit of the economy and the public. We expect IPC Foam to attract a CEO and private capital to establish a local startup to successfully commercialize this technology."


Trust Networks: Interpersonal, Social, And Sensor, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Pramod Anantharam 2011 Wright State University - Main Campus

Trust Networks: Interpersonal, Social, And Sensor, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Pramod Anantharam

Kno.e.sis Publications

Trust relationships occur naturally in many diverse contexts such as ecommerce, interpersonal interactions, social networks, sensor web, etc. As agents providing content and services become increasingly removed from the agents that consume them, the issue of robust trust inference and update become critical. Unfortunately, there is neither a universal notion of trust that is applicable to all domains nor a clear explication of its semantics or computation in many situations. In this beginner's level tutorial, we motivate the trust problem, explain the relevant concepts, summarize research in modeling trust and gleaning trustworthiness, and discuss challenges confronting us in this ...


Creating An Environmental Placed Based Education At Norris Elementary, Ben Kittrell 2011 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Creating An Environmental Placed Based Education At Norris Elementary, Ben Kittrell

Environmental Studies Undergraduate Student Theses

This study is focused on creating a place based education program. Place based education programs provide many benefits at the personal level with the students (PBEEC). The study was completed at Norris Elementary School where the students have access to the “Norris Forest” which is a planted forest with a walk way through the trees. Some of the trees are labeled for the students to identify and others are not. A graph of the unlabelled trees has been included for the students or the teachers to use.

This project incorporates activities that will engage the students in order to teach ...


21rst Century Educational Farmstead, Trevis Carmichael 2011 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

21rst Century Educational Farmstead, Trevis Carmichael

Environmental Studies Undergraduate Student Theses

When Europeans began settling in the United States, farmsteads were built across the Great Plains. Out of necessity, these had to function in a self-sufficient manner; meaning the people had to produce their own food, use local materials, and be energy efficient for their transportation. Parents had to teach their children how to do all of the practical work it took to maintain their lives. This was the foundation that America was built upon. Having completed the first decade of the 21st century, the time seems right for a mental re-settlement that follows some of those same principles. Teaching our ...


Geospatial Data Accessibility In Web 2.0 Environments, Sara Helen McNamee 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Geospatial Data Accessibility In Web 2.0 Environments, Sara Helen Mcnamee

Masters Theses

Geographically referenced data is becoming a robust source of information because the use of place-based relevance searching is being employed as a popular form of information access and dispersal. To address this trend, the researcher conducted a study on the usability of the USA National Phenology Network (http://www.usanpn.org/), engaging 6 volunteer participants structured usability test of the USANPN mapping application. The participants were asked to complete two tasks, and data was collected both during (in the form of a think aloud exercise) and after the test (in the form of an exit interview). From the data collected ...


El Papel De Las Universidades En Las Estrategias De Regeneración Urbana: Una Reconsideración Del Marco Conceptual, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas 2011 Institute for Advanced Social Studies-IESA, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

El Papel De Las Universidades En Las Estrategias De Regeneración Urbana: Una Reconsideración Del Marco Conceptual, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Este artículo ofrece un marco conceptual sobre el rol que juegan las organizaciones de educación superior en las iniciativas de regeneración de entornos urbanos. Para ello se realiza un análisis integrado de los usos de la universidad tanto en su vertiente de promoción de la innovación empresarial como en su vertiente cívica y social. Ello se combina con las dimensiones consideradas habitualmente en las estrategias de regeneración urbana. La organización del artículo considera los efectos que pueden tener los recursos disponibles en las universidades en cuatro dimensiones: infraestructuras físicas, recursos humanos, gobernanza e intervención social y desarrollo económico. Las conclusiones ...


Construyendo Políticas Públicas Globales: Una Aproximación Al Marco Teórico De Estudio. Working Paper N. 5, Mario A. Pinzón MAPC 2011 Universidad Externado de Colombia

Construyendo Políticas Públicas Globales: Una Aproximación Al Marco Teórico De Estudio. Working Paper N. 5, Mario A. Pinzón Mapc

Mario A Pinzón Camargo

El objetivo de este artículo es proporcionar un marco teórico a partir del cual sea posible hablar de las políticas públicas globales, como categoría de análisis de la gobernanza global. Se presenta una aproximación teórica basada en la teoría de la elección racional.


Cyberbullying In Schools: A Research Study On School Policies And Procedures, Brian Wiseman 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Cyberbullying In Schools: A Research Study On School Policies And Procedures, Brian Wiseman

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

A mixed-methods research design first using quantitative then qualitative data was used in order to explore what cyberbullying policies are being employed by principals in the state of Nevada. Electronic surveys were given to all 118 middle school principals in Nevada. Middle school was chosen because it is the age where cyberbullying behaviors are most prevalent. Out of the 118 surveys that were deployed, 66 principals responded. A series of independent t-tests and a chi-squared analysis was conducted using the survey data. The survey concluded by asking principals if they were willing to participate in a one-on-one interview regarding the ...


What's Happening In Semantic Web ... And What Fca Could Have To Do With It, Pascal Hitzler 2011 Wright State University - Main Campus

What's Happening In Semantic Web ... And What Fca Could Have To Do With It, Pascal Hitzler

Computer Science and Engineering Faculty Publications

The Semantic Web is gaining momentum. Driven by over 10 years of focused project funding in the US and the EU, Semantic Web Technologies are now entering application areas in industry, academia, government, and the open Web.

The Semantic Web is based on the idea of describing the meaning - or semantics - of data on the Web using metadata - data that describes other data - in the form of ontologies, which are represented using logic-based knowledge representation languages. Central to the transfer of Semantic Web into practice is the Linked Open Data effort, which has already resulted in the publication, on the ...


Digital Brushstrokes, Michelle A. Tavano 2011 Rhode Island College

Digital Brushstrokes, Michelle A. Tavano

Master's Theses, Dissertations, Graduate Research and Major Papers Overview

Digital painting enables the traditional painter to paint using new technology without experience in traditional painting. But few digital painters are able to transcend the technology to create aesthetically pleasing compositions that address traditional design elements and content. This thesis examines digital painting's place i an evolving digital culture by focusing on six digital painters, the digital audience and how new media theory applies.


Determining The Effects Of Technology On Children, Kristina E. Hatch 2011 University of Rhode Island

Determining The Effects Of Technology On Children, Kristina E. Hatch

Senior Honors Projects

Determining the Effects of Technology on Children

Kristina Hatch

Faculty Sponser: Timothy Henry, Computer Science and Statistics

Technology has become an essential part of Americans’ daily lives, affecting our communications, mail, relationships, the management of our bills and finances. As we have become more immersed in the benefits and capabilities of these constantly developing technologies, children as well as adults have become avid users. Laptops and cell phones are specially developed for preteens. Software and game companies have been targeting children in their game development. Video games have become common entertainment for children as young as four. Children today can ...


The Practical Pev: Removing Barriers To Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging And Ownership, Stephen Parry 2011 Pomona College

The Practical Pev: Removing Barriers To Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging And Ownership, Stephen Parry

Pomona Senior Theses

The paradigm of personal transportation is changing. Electric vehicles are here. The arrival of the Tesla Roadster, Nissan Leaf, and Chevy Volt has changed the way in which we have to think about the energy that fuels our transportation needs. As PEVs find their way into garages this year and especially in the coming years, the neighborhood, city, state, and regional electric infrastructure will take on a new importance for many people as their interactions with it become significantly more complex and intimate as a result of regular electric vehicle charging.


To Phd Or Not To Phd?, Daniel Edwards 2011 Australian Council for Educational Research

To Phd Or Not To Phd?, Daniel Edwards

Dr Daniel Edwards

Research degrees, particularly the PhD, are seen as an important stepping stone into a research career, particularly in the sciences where chemistry is no exception. However, as part of any contemplation about undertaking a PhD, prospective students should keep in mind the sort of career, types of future research and location of the work they might be hoping to pursue. A research project by the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) for the Federal Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR) provides some important insights into the supply and demand for research positions in science in Australia.


Second Life Virtual Universities: A Visual Analysis, Zeenath Haniff 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Second Life Virtual Universities: A Visual Analysis, Zeenath Haniff

Graduate Research Symposium (GCUA)

General academic objectives include producing an educational experience that is engaging, interactive, collaborative, experiential and productive. The goal is to promote learner engagement through the visual power of a newly adopted medium in education – universities in the multi-user virtual environment (MUVE) of Second Life. Attributes of the virtual reality aid visual learning in the online environment: (1) computer-generated content, (2) three-dimensional graphics, and (3) interactivity. Visual renditions of campus buildings and fellow students as avatars emotionally connect students to feel a sense of presence and community within the virtual learning platform. Additionally, the ability to see and hear their classmates ...


Adaptation Of The Nevada Climate Change Data Portal Web Interface To Small-Screen Mobile Devices, Tsvetan Komarov 2011 University of Nevada, Reno

Adaptation Of The Nevada Climate Change Data Portal Web Interface To Small-Screen Mobile Devices, Tsvetan Komarov

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

Robust and convenient access to the Nevada Climate Change Data Portal is vital for the project’s success, because of the researchers’ need to gather and analyze large volumes of data with minimal effort. However, the current version of the data portal web interface is not optimized for small-screen mobile devices such as mobile phones, PDAs, iPads, NetBooks, and others. The proposed research will address this issue by exploring the current methods for creating a client-aware web interface adaptable to the variety of small-screen devices, designing and implementing the most appropriate solution, and finally, user testing of the implemented solution.


The Stress Coping Skills Of Undergraduate Collegiate Aviators, Jennifer Kirschner 2011 Purdue University - Main Campus

The Stress Coping Skills Of Undergraduate Collegiate Aviators, Jennifer Kirschner

Purdue Polytechnic Masters Theses

An important human factors research interest area is error reduction. Although pilots placed in highly stressful situations have an increased chance of making errors, they use coping skills to lower their stress level and reduce the likelihood of errors. Typically, coping skills are conceptually separated into three different types: active coping skills which attack and change the situation to make it inherently less stressful, emotionfocused coping skills which use discussion or thinking about the situation in a different way to diminish the negative emotional reaction associated with the stressful situation, and avoidant coping skills which allow one to mentally and ...


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