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Identifying Levels Of Engagement In Local Food Systems By Generation In The State Of Georgia, U.S.A., Abraham Tidwell, Alexa J. Lamm 2020 University of Georgia

Identifying Levels Of Engagement In Local Food Systems By Generation In The State Of Georgia, U.S.A., Abraham Tidwell, Alexa J. Lamm

Journal of Applied Communications

Local food systems are an emerging way for communities to build vibrant economies, improve health outcomes, and limit their environmental impact. Studies have shown local food engagement differs significantly between generations; however, what remains unclear is how generations’ perceptions and engagement compare to each other so the agricultural community can most effectively communicate about local food systems. Leveraging audience segmentation theory from social marketing, this study sought to address how the five living generations in the United States – Generation Z, Millennials, Generation X, Baby Boomers, and The Silent Generation – perceived and engaged with local food systems. To address this question ...


The General Artificial Intellect, Ramon S. Diab 2020 The University of Western Ontario

The General Artificial Intellect, Ramon S. Diab

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In passages of Marx’s Grundrisse known as the Fragment on Machines, Marx suggested that advanced capitalist development leads to the production of autonomous machines that replace labour-power in the direct production process. Autonomist Marxist interpretations of this text have emphasized that the proliferation of immaterial labour is the historical condition that is leading to a crisis in the measure of value based on labour-time and that will lead to a future communist mode of production. Further, Mario Tronti posited that as capitalist development unfolds, it subsumes both the state and society, a concept known as the ‘social factory thesis ...


Ontological Boundaries Between Humans And Computers And The Implications For Human-Machine Communication, Andrea L. Guzman 2020 Northern Illinois University

Ontological Boundaries Between Humans And Computers And The Implications For Human-Machine Communication, Andrea L. Guzman

Human-Machine Communication

In human-machine communication, people interact with a communication partner that is of a different ontological nature from themselves. This study examines how people conceptualize ontological differences between humans and computers and the implications of these differences for human-machine communication. Findings based on data from qualitative interviews with 73 U.S. adults regarding disembodied artificial intelligence (AI) technologies (voice-based AI assistants, automated-writing software) show that people differentiate between humans and computers based on origin of being, degree of autonomy, status as tool/tool-user, level of intelligence, emotional capabilities, and inherent flaws. In addition, these ontological boundaries are becoming increasingly blurred as ...


Toward An Agent-Agnostic Transmission Model: Synthesizing Anthropocentric And Technocentric Paradigms In Communication, Jaime Banks, Maartje M. A. de Graaf 2020 Texas Tech University

Toward An Agent-Agnostic Transmission Model: Synthesizing Anthropocentric And Technocentric Paradigms In Communication, Jaime Banks, Maartje M. A. De Graaf

Human-Machine Communication

Technological and social evolutions have prompted operational, phenomenological, and ontological shifts in communication processes. These shifts, we argue, trigger the need to regard human and machine roles in communication processes in a more egalitarian fashion. Integrating anthropocentric and technocentric perspectives on communication, we propose an agent-agnostic framework for human-machine communication. This framework rejects exclusive assignment of communicative roles (sender, message, channel, receiver) to traditionally held agents and instead focuses on evaluating agents according to their functions as a means for considering what roles are held in communication processes. As a first step in advancing this agent-agnostic perspective, this theoretical paper ...


Opening Space For Theoretical, Methodological, And Empirical Issues In Human-Machine Communication, Leopoldina Fortunati, Autumn P. Edwards 2020 University of Udine

Opening Space For Theoretical, Methodological, And Empirical Issues In Human-Machine Communication, Leopoldina Fortunati, Autumn P. Edwards

Human-Machine Communication

This journal offers a space dedicated to theorizing, researching empirically, and discussing human-machine communication (HMC), a new form of communication with digital interlocutors that has recently developed and has imposed the urgency to be analyzed and understood. There is the need to properly address the model of this specific communication as well as the roles, objectives, functions, experiences, practices, and identities of the interlocutors involved, both human and digital. Reading these seven articles is an advantageous intellectual exercise for entering this new field of research on Human-Machine Communication. The present volume contributes substantially both at theoretical and empirical levels by ...


The Social Construction Of Digital Multimedia Technology And Creation Of Political Hyper-Realities In Indonesia And Malaysia, Basa Alim Tuelaka, Burhan Bungin 2020 Wjaya Kusuma University

The Social Construction Of Digital Multimedia Technology And Creation Of Political Hyper-Realities In Indonesia And Malaysia, Basa Alim Tuelaka, Burhan Bungin

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The development of media technology nowadays displays rapid progress, particularly the mainstream media that is developing towards digital media, which makes the social construction power even more flawless. This progress is very beneficial to the development of society, but it can also be used by political interests for control over powers. Against their political opponents, political parties can use this advanced mass media technology to attack and block off counterattacks through social construction or deconstruction. This study uses a narrative qualitative approach and interview method, by interviewing the informants to explore the understanding of the social construction of media in ...


Congressional Committee Resources On Space Policy During The 115th Congress (2017-2018): Providing Context And Insight Into U.S. Government Space Policy, Bert Chapman 2020 Purdue University

Congressional Committee Resources On Space Policy During The 115th Congress (2017-2018): Providing Context And Insight Into U.S. Government Space Policy, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Article 1 of the US Constitution assigns the US Congress numerous responsibilities. These include creating new laws, revising existing laws, funding government programs, and conducting oversight of these programs' performance. Oversight of US Government agency space policy programs is executed by various congressional space policy committees, including the House and Senate Science Committees, Armed Services, and Appropriations Committees. These committees conduct many public hearings on space policy which invite witnesses to testify on US space policy programs and feature debate on the strengths and weaknesses of these programs. Documentation produced by these committees is widely available to the public, except ...


Research On Fault Detection For Three Types Of Wind Turbine Subsystems Using Machine Learning, Zuojun Liu, Cheng Xiao, Tieling Zhang, Xu Zhang 2020 University of Wollongong

Research On Fault Detection For Three Types Of Wind Turbine Subsystems Using Machine Learning, Zuojun Liu, Cheng Xiao, Tieling Zhang, Xu Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

2020 by the authors. In wind power generation, one aim of wind turbine control is to maintain it in a safe operational status while achieving cost-effective operation. The purpose of this paper is to investigate new techniques for wind turbine fault detection based on supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system data in order to avoid unscheduled shutdowns. The proposed method starts with analyzing and determining the fault indicators corresponding to a failure mode. Three main system failures including generator failure, converter failure and pitch system failure are studied. First, the indicators data corresponding to each of the three key ...


Air Void Detection Using Variational Mode Decomposition With Low Rank, Fok Hing Chi Tivive, Abdesselam Bouzerdoum, Shivakumar Karekal 2020 University of Wollongong

Air Void Detection Using Variational Mode Decomposition With Low Rank, Fok Hing Chi Tivive, Abdesselam Bouzerdoum, Shivakumar Karekal

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper presents an air-void detection technique for air-coupled radar, which emits electromagnetic waves to interrogate an air-void inside a medium or between two media. The reflections from the air-medium interfaces are usually corrupted by air-coupling, antenna ringing, and internal reflections, rendering air-void detection very difficult or, in certain cases, impossible. The proposed method exploits the low-rank structure of the background clutter to suppress these nuisance signals. A variational mode decomposition model is developed to extract the backscattering at different air-medium interfaces as signal modes. Real experiments are conducted using a stepped frequency radar. The experimental results show that the ...


Organisational-Level Assessment Of Cloud Computing Adoption: Evidence From The Australian Smes, Salim Al Isma'ili, Mengxiang Li, Jun Shen, Pu Huang, Qiang He, Wu Zhan 2020 University of Wollongong

Organisational-Level Assessment Of Cloud Computing Adoption: Evidence From The Australian Smes, Salim Al Isma'ili, Mengxiang Li, Jun Shen, Pu Huang, Qiang He, Wu Zhan

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Cloud Computing (CC) is an emerging technology that can potentially revolutionise the application and delivery of IT. There has been little research, however, into the adoption of CC in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs). The indicators show that CC has been adopted very slowly. There is also a significant research gap in the investigation of the adoption of this innovation in SMEs. This article explores how the adoption of CC in Australia is related to technological factors, risk factors, and environmental factors. The study provides useful insights that can be utilised practically by SMEs, policymakers, and cloud vendors.


From Ideal To Reality: Segmentation, Annotation, And Recommendation, The Vital Trajectory Of Intelligent Micro Learning, Jiayin Lin, Geng Sun, Tingru Cui, Jun Shen, Dongming Xu, Ghassan Beydoun, Ping Yu, David Pritchard, Li Li, Shiping Chen 2020 University of Wollongong

From Ideal To Reality: Segmentation, Annotation, And Recommendation, The Vital Trajectory Of Intelligent Micro Learning, Jiayin Lin, Geng Sun, Tingru Cui, Jun Shen, Dongming Xu, Ghassan Beydoun, Ping Yu, David Pritchard, Li Li, Shiping Chen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The soaring development of Web technologies and mobile devices has blurred time-space boundaries of people’s daily activities. Such development together with the life-long learning requirement give birth to a new learning style, micro learning. Micro learning aims to effectively utilize learners’ fragmented time to carry out personalized learning activities through online education resources. The whole workflow of a micro learning system can be separated into three processing stages: micro learning material generation, learning materials annotation and personalized learning materials delivery. Our micro learning framework is firstly introduced in this paper from a higher perspective. Then we will review representative ...


A Blockchain Based System For Safe Vaccine Supply And Supervision, Binbin Yong, Jun Shen, Xin Liu, Fucun Li, Huaming Chen, Qingguo Zhou 2020 University of Wollongong

A Blockchain Based System For Safe Vaccine Supply And Supervision, Binbin Yong, Jun Shen, Xin Liu, Fucun Li, Huaming Chen, Qingguo Zhou

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Immunization is an indispensable mechanism for preventing infectious diseases in modern society, and vaccine safety is closely related to public health and national security. However, issues such as vaccine expiration and vaccine record fraud are still widespread in vaccine supply chains. Therefore, an effective management system for the supervision of vaccine supply chains is urgently required. As the next generation of core technology after the Internet, blockchain is designed to build trust mechanisms that can change current information management methods. Meanwhile, the development of machine learning technologies provides additional ways to analyze the data in information management systems. The main ...


Novel Topological Nodal Lines And Exotic Drum-Head-Like Surface States In Synthesized Cscl-Type Binary Alloy Tios, Xiaotian Wang, Guangqian Ding, Zhenxiang Cheng, Gokhan Surucu, Xiaolin Wang, Tie Yang 2020 University of Wollongong

Novel Topological Nodal Lines And Exotic Drum-Head-Like Surface States In Synthesized Cscl-Type Binary Alloy Tios, Xiaotian Wang, Guangqian Ding, Zhenxiang Cheng, Gokhan Surucu, Xiaolin Wang, Tie Yang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

2020 Very recently, searching for new topological nodal line semimetals (TNLSs) and drum-head-like (DHL) surface states has become a hot topic in the field of physical chemistry of materials. Via first principles, in this study, a synthesized CsCl type binary alloy, TiOs, was predicted to be a TNLS with three topological nodal lines (TNLs) centered at the X point in the kx/y/z = π plane, and these TNLs, which are protected by mirror, time reversal (T) and spatial inversion (P) symmetries, are perpendicular to one another. The exotic drum-head-like (DHL) surface states can be clearly observed inside and outside ...


Beam-Based Analog Self-Interference Cancellation In Full-Duplex Mimo Systems, Anh Tuyen Le, Le Chung Tran, Xiaojing Huang, Y. Jay Guo 2020 University of Wollongong

Beam-Based Analog Self-Interference Cancellation In Full-Duplex Mimo Systems, Anh Tuyen Le, Le Chung Tran, Xiaojing Huang, Y. Jay Guo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Self-interference (SI) cancellation for full-duplex (FD) multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems is challenging due to both hardware and signal processing complexity. In this paper, a beam-based adaptive filter structure with analog least mean square (ALMS) loops is proposed to significantly reduce the complexity of SI cancellation for FD MIMO systems. With this structure, the number of adaptive filters required for SI cancellation scales linearly with the number of transmit beams rather than quadratically with the number of antennas. Furthermore, to avoid additional transmit chains used to upconvert the beam signals to generate reference signals for the ALMS loops, a ...


Analog Least Mean Square Loop For Self-Interference Cancellation: A Practical Perspective, Anh Tuyen Le, Le Chung Tran, Xiaojing Huang, Y. Jay Guo 2020 University of Wollongong

Analog Least Mean Square Loop For Self-Interference Cancellation: A Practical Perspective, Anh Tuyen Le, Le Chung Tran, Xiaojing Huang, Y. Jay Guo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Self-interference (SI) is the key issue that prevents in-band full-duplex (IBFD) communications from being practical. Analog multi-tap adaptive filter is an efficient structure to cancel SI since it can capture the nonlinear components and noise in the transmitted signal. Analog least mean square (ALMS) loop is a simple adaptive filter that can be implemented by purely analog means to sufficiently mitigate SI. Comprehensive analyses on the behaviors of the ALMS loop have been published in the literature. This paper proposes a practical structure and presents an implementation of the ALMS loop. By employing off-the-shelf components, a prototype of the ALMS ...


Novel Dtn Mobility-Driven Routing In Autonomous Drone Logistics Networks, Saeid Iranmanesh, Raad Raad, Muhammad Salman Raheel, Faisel EM M Tubbal, Tony Jan 2020 University of Wollongong

Novel Dtn Mobility-Driven Routing In Autonomous Drone Logistics Networks, Saeid Iranmanesh, Raad Raad, Muhammad Salman Raheel, Faisel Em M Tubbal, Tony Jan

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Drones have become prevalent for the delivery of goods by many retail companies such as Amazon and Dominos. Amazon has an issued patent that describes how drones scan and collect data on their fly-overs while dropping off packages. In this context, we propose a path optimization algorithm for a drone multi-hop communications network that can carry and forward data in addition to its primary function of parcel deliveries. We argue that traditional Delay Tolerant Networking (DTN) based protocols may not be efficient for this purpose. Therefore, this paper proposes a new DTN-based algorithm that optimizes drone flight paths in conjunction ...


Performance Of Ballast Influenced By Deformation And Degradation: Laboratory Testing And Numerical Modeling, Buddhima Indraratna, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn 2020 University of Wollongong

Performance Of Ballast Influenced By Deformation And Degradation: Laboratory Testing And Numerical Modeling, Buddhima Indraratna, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper presents a study on the deformation and degradation responses of railway ballast using large-scale laboratory testing and computational modeling approaches. A series of large-scale triaxial tests were carried out to investigate the ballast breakage responses under cyclic train loading subjected to varying frequencies, f=10-40  Hz. The role of recycled rubber energy-absorbing mats (REAMs) on reducing ballast breakage was also examined. Laboratory test results show that the ballast experiences significant degradation (breakage) and deformation, while the inclusion of REAMs can reduce the ballast breakage up to about 35%. Numerical modeling using the coupled discrete-continuum approach [coupled discrete-element method-finite-difference ...


A Laboratory Study On Fluidization Of Subgrade Under Cyclic Train Loading, Buddhima Indraratna, Mandeep Singh, Thanh Trung Nguyen, Serge Leroueil, Aruni Lakmali Abeywickrama Bamunusing Kankanamge, Richard B. Kelly, Tim Neville 2020 University of Wollongong

A Laboratory Study On Fluidization Of Subgrade Under Cyclic Train Loading, Buddhima Indraratna, Mandeep Singh, Thanh Trung Nguyen, Serge Leroueil, Aruni Lakmali Abeywickrama Bamunusing Kankanamge, Richard B. Kelly, Tim Neville

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

A long term issue that has hampered the efficient operation of heavy haul tracks is the migration of fluidized fines from the shallow soft subgrade to the overlying ballast, i.e., mud pumping. This paper presents a series of undrained cyclic triaxial tests, where realistic cyclic loading conditions were simulated at low confining pressure that is typical of shallow subgrade beneath a ballast track. Subgrade soil specimens with a low plasticity index collected from a field site with recent history of mud pumping were tested at frequencies from 1.0 to 5.0 Hz and a cyclic stress ratio (CSR ...


The Variable Resonance Magnetorheological Pendulum Tuned Mass Damper: Mathematical Modelling And Seismic Experimental Studies, Matthew Christie, Shuaishuai Sun, Lei Deng, Donghong Ning, Haiping Du, Shiwu Zhang, Weihua Li 2020 University of Wollongong

The Variable Resonance Magnetorheological Pendulum Tuned Mass Damper: Mathematical Modelling And Seismic Experimental Studies, Matthew Christie, Shuaishuai Sun, Lei Deng, Donghong Ning, Haiping Du, Shiwu Zhang, Weihua Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Tuned mass damper technologies are progressively advancing through innovative application of smart materials, facilitating more versatile infrastructure protection. During seismic events, primarily encountered surrounding fault lines, highrise buildings and other civil structures can suffer catastrophic failures if not adequately protected. Where traditional passive structural protection may mitigate such damage, adaptive systems which provide controllable vibration attenuation across a wide range of excitation frequencies have seen growth in use, overcoming the challenges resulting from unpredictable seismic spectrums. As a robust solution to this problem, this article presents and analyses a variable resonance magnetorheological-fluid-based pendulum tuned mass damper which employs a rotary ...


Homes With Higher Energy Ratings Sell For More. Here’S How Australian Owners Could Cash In, Daniel J. Daly 2020 University of Wollongong

Homes With Higher Energy Ratings Sell For More. Here’S How Australian Owners Could Cash In, Daniel J. Daly

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Everybody wants an energy-efficient home. After all, an energy-efficient home is comfortable to live in, without large energy bills. These can be important factors for prospective home owners or renters. Our review of international research found energy-efficient homes typically fetch a higher price.


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