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The Need For Enhanced Physical Infrastructure In The United States, Tanvi Gandham 2018 Claremont McKenna College

The Need For Enhanced Physical Infrastructure In The United States, Tanvi Gandham

CMC Senior Theses

An examination of necessary infrastructure improvements in the United States.


Education As Democratic Persuasion: Addressing Systemic Inequalities In Brettschneider's Value Democracy, Kyla L. Eastling 2018 Claremont Colleges

Education As Democratic Persuasion: Addressing Systemic Inequalities In Brettschneider's Value Democracy, Kyla L. Eastling

CMC Senior Theses

In Corey Brettschneider’s book, Democratic Rights: The Substance of Self- Government, he builds the value theory of democracy wherein procedural and substantive rights are both grounded in the core values of democracy. In his second book, When the State Speaks, What Should It Say? How Democracies Can Protect Expression and Promote Equality, Brettschneider elaborates on his theory to provide an account of how a liberal democracy can address hateful and discriminatory views. In response to both theories, critics have charged that the ideal value democracy does not sufficiently account for systemic inequalities that women and black citizens face. In ...


Functional Accessibility On The Web: How The Aoda Fails End Users, Jamie V. Kramer MA, CHRP 2018 University of Windsor

Functional Accessibility On The Web: How The Aoda Fails End Users, Jamie V. Kramer Ma, Chrp

Major Papers

The Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, 2005 (AODA) impacts the way persons with disabilities are able to access goods and services in Ontario. With more than 3 million people living with disabilities in Ontario, it is essential to enact the legislation to create equity. The AODA equates “obtainable” with “accessible” without recognizing the stark contrast between having access to something and being able to keep informed because the content is created with persons with disabilities in mind. This paper focuses on the effectiveness of the AODA’s website compliance standards under the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) as required ...


Seniors Living With Alzheimer's Disease And Dementia: The Promise Of App Technology, Angelica Lu 2018 University of Windsor

Seniors Living With Alzheimer's Disease And Dementia: The Promise Of App Technology, Angelica Lu

Major Papers

The purpose of this paper considers the potential of seniors with Alzheimer’s Disease and dementia using “apps” on Mobile Application Technology that may assist their daily issues. Based on the Ontario 2017 budget, the government’s plan to improve health care services by providing additional funding will significantly impact citizens who use these services on a regular basis. Unfortunately, the number of Canadian citizens that will develop Alzheimer’s and dementia are projected to double in the next decade. Because of this projection, the Dementia Strategy is meant to assist those affected by the illness as well as ensuring ...


The Imprint Of Childhood Abuse On Trauma-Related Shame In Adulthood, Joan A. Reid 2018 University of South Florida St. Petersburg

The Imprint Of Childhood Abuse On Trauma-Related Shame In Adulthood, Joan A. Reid

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

Research has consistently linked residual trauma-related shame among child sexual abuse (CSA) survivors to sexual revictimization, health risk behaviors, and poorer response to mental health treatment. However, questions remain regarding the imprint of childhood maltreatment on trauma-related shame including which CSA characteristics or types of childhood maltreatment contribute to residual shame in adulthood. Using data drawn from a prospective study of 174 primarily African American women with histories of CSA and a matched comparison group, this study explores whether specific characteristics of CSA (familial CSA, CSA with penetration, force used by CSA perpetrator), repeat sexual victimization in adolescence, childhood physical ...


Relative Roles Of Race Versus Socioeconomic Position In Studies Of Health Inequalities: A Matter Of Interpretation, Amani Nuru-Jeter, Elizabeth Michaels, Marilyn D. Thomas, Alexis Reeves, Roland Thorpe, Thomas A. LaVeist 2018 George Washington University

Relative Roles Of Race Versus Socioeconomic Position In Studies Of Health Inequalities: A Matter Of Interpretation, Amani Nuru-Jeter, Elizabeth Michaels, Marilyn D. Thomas, Alexis Reeves, Roland Thorpe, Thomas A. Laveist

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

An abundance of research has documented health inequalities by race and socioeconomic position (SEP) in the United States. However, conceptual and methodological challenges complicate the interpretation of study findings, thereby limiting progress in understanding health inequalities and in achieving health equity. Fundamental to these challenges is a lack of clarity about what race is and the implications of that ambiguity for scientific inquiry. Additionally, there is wide variability in how SEP is conceptualized and measured, resulting in a lack of comparability across studies and significant misclassification of risk. The objectives of this review are to synthesize the literature regarding common ...


Strength Through Diplomacy: A Fundamental Review Of The Relationship Between North Korea And The United States, Benjamin D. Blackstone 2018 Claremont McKenna College

Strength Through Diplomacy: A Fundamental Review Of The Relationship Between North Korea And The United States, Benjamin D. Blackstone

CMC Senior Theses

At the time that this thesis is printed, we are reminded of the tumultuous relationship between North Korea and the United States every day. If we follow the mainstream news regularly, it seems like we are on a steady path to war. Ultimately, this paper is centered around the question: what is the best foreign policy strategy for both countries to achieve respective goals, without descending into armed conflict? Specifically, I evaluated the failures of the last three U.S. Presidents and used their shortcomings to explain limitations in current foreign policy strategy. I also attempted to show North Korean ...


Communities In Peril: The Dispersion Of Temporary Protected Status Populations Throughout Massachusetts, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos, Lorna Rivera 2018 University of Massachusetts Boston

Communities In Peril: The Dispersion Of Temporary Protected Status Populations Throughout Massachusetts, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos, Lorna Rivera

Gastón Institute Publications

Massachusetts is estimated to have over 12,000 residents with Temporary Protected Status (TPS). TPS is a non-immigrant status granted when a country's nationals in the United States cannot return safely or, in certain circumstances, when the country is unable to handle the return of its nationals adequately. This legal status was instituted as part of the 1990 Immigration Act, which was sponsored by Senator Edward M. Kennedy and signed into law by President George H. W. Bush. TPS beneficiaries are not removable from the United States, can obtain an employment authorization document (EAD), and may be granted travel ...


E-Government For Public Organizations: An Essential Guide, Faith J. Shimba, Reginald Ugaddan 2017 SungKyunKwan University

E-Government For Public Organizations: An Essential Guide, Faith J. Shimba, Reginald Ugaddan

Faith J Shimba

No abstract provided.


Who Bears The Economic Costs Of Environmental Regulations?, Don Fullerton, Erich Muehlegger 2017 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Who Bears The Economic Costs Of Environmental Regulations?, Don Fullerton, Erich Muehlegger

Don Fullerton

Public economics has a well-developed literature on tax incidence – the ultimate burdens from tax policy.  This literature is used here to describe not only the distributional effects of environmental taxes or subsidies but also the likely incidence of non-tax regulations, energy efficiency standards, or other environmental mandates. Recent papers find that mandates can be more regressive than carbon taxes. We also describe how the distributional effects of such policies can be altered by various market conditions such as limited factor mobility, trade exposure, evasion, corruption, or imperfect competition. Finally, we review data on carbon-intensity of production and exports around the ...


What Is Community Operational Research?, Gerald Midgley, Michael P. Johnson Jr., George Chichirau 2017 University of Hull

What Is Community Operational Research?, Gerald Midgley, Michael P. Johnson Jr., George Chichirau

Michael P. Johnson

Community Operational Research (Community OR) has been an explicit sub-domain of OR for more than 30 years. In this paper, we tackle the controversial issue of how it can be differentiated from other forms of OR. While it has been persuasively argued that Community OR cannot be defined by its clients, practitioners or methods, we argue that the common concern of all Community OR practice is the meaningful engagement of communities, whatever form that may take – and the legitimacy of different forms of engagement may be open to debate. We then move on to discuss four other controversies that have ...


Beyond Special Privileges: The Discretionary Treatment Of Ethnic Minorities In China’S Welfare System, Reza Hasmath, Andrew MacDonald 2017 University of Alberta

Beyond Special Privileges: The Discretionary Treatment Of Ethnic Minorities In China’S Welfare System, Reza Hasmath, Andrew Macdonald

Reza Hasmath

The social welfare of ethnic minorities is a contested subject with a deep politicalized history in contemporary China. This article uses a new large dataset solely looking at ethnic minorities in China, to analyze the impact and outcomes that new urban social and welfare schemes – with notable attention to the basic medical insurance, and the minimum livelihood guarantee allowance (dibao) – play in the livelihoods of minorities. The data suggests that contrary to the pro-minority rhetoric of the state, minority participation in social welfare programs is predicated on the incentive set of local government officials. These findings have strong implications for ...


Role Of Intelligence Inputs In Defending Against Cyber Warfare And Cyber Terrorism, Aniruddha Bagchi, Tridib Bandyopadhyay 2017 Kennesaw State University

Role Of Intelligence Inputs In Defending Against Cyber Warfare And Cyber Terrorism, Aniruddha Bagchi, Tridib Bandyopadhyay

Aniruddha Bagchi

This article examines the role of espionage in defending against cyber-attacks on infrastructural firms. We analyze the problem using a game between a government, an infrastructural firm and an attacker. If the attacker successfully breaches the IT security defenses of the infrastructural firm, primary losses accrue to that firm while widespread collateral losses accrue to the rest of the economy. The government assists the infrastructural firm by providing intelligence inputs about an impending attack. We find that subject to some conditions, expenditure on intelligence adds value only when its amount exceeds a threshold level. Also, the nature of the equilibrium ...


Youth Unemployment And Terrorism In The Menap (Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, And Pakistan) Region, Aniruddha Bagchi, Jomon Aliyas Paul 2017 Kennesaw State University

Youth Unemployment And Terrorism In The Menap (Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, And Pakistan) Region, Aniruddha Bagchi, Jomon Aliyas Paul

Aniruddha Bagchi

This paper builds on existing research investigating the root causes of terrorism by considering youth unemployment as a measure of economic deprivation. In particular, the study focuses on terrorism in Middle Eastern and North African (MENAP) countries and features terrorism incident count data for the period 1998-2012 using negative binomial regression models. In our exogenous model, we find that while youth unemployment tends to increase domestic terrorism, it does not have any significant effect on transnational terrorism. Given concerns about endogeneity of youth unemployment in these models, we use two kinds of corrections- instrumental variables and lagged variables.  We control ...


What Congress's Repeal Efforts Can Teach Us About Regulatory Reform, Cary Coglianese, Gabriel Scheffler 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

What Congress's Repeal Efforts Can Teach Us About Regulatory Reform, Cary Coglianese, Gabriel Scheffler

Faculty Scholarship

Major legislative actions during the early part of the 115th Congress have undermined the central argument for regulatory reform measures such as the REINS Act, a bill that would require congressional approval of all new major regulations. Proponents of the REINS Act argue that it would make the federal regulatory system more democratic by shifting responsibility for regulatory decisions away from unelected bureaucrats and toward the people’s representatives in Congress. But separate legislative actions in the opening of the 115th Congress only call this argument into question. Congress’s most significant initiatives during this period — its derailed attempts to ...


More Sharing, Less Sprawl: A Manifesto For Street Livability, Health & Humanity In The Era Of Driverless Cars, Bruce S. Appleyard, William W. Riggs 2017 San Diego State University

More Sharing, Less Sprawl: A Manifesto For Street Livability, Health & Humanity In The Era Of Driverless Cars, Bruce S. Appleyard, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

For street and community livability, Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) potentially offer the benefits of more street space for cyclists and pedestrians, and reduced demands for parking. But to realize these promises, planners need to achieve two key objectives: more (vehicle) sharing, and less sprawl.

If we cannot do these two things, the induced travel and sprawl effects of AVs (driven by the vanishing personal cost of travel) will likely drive up vehicle travel and capacity requirements beyond the ability of cities to provide this new street livability space for human travelers.


Marketing And Poverty Alleviation: Synergizing Research, Education, And Outreach Through The Subsistence Marketplaces Approach, Madhubalan Viswanathan, Arun Sreekumar 2017 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Marketing And Poverty Alleviation: Synergizing Research, Education, And Outreach Through The Subsistence Marketplaces Approach, Madhubalan Viswanathan, Arun Sreekumar

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

In this article, we describe our journey through the creation and development of the stream of subsistence marketplaces, summarize our learning, and discuss implications at the intersection of the field of Marketing and poverty alleviation. Distinct from macro level economic research in impoverished contexts, or mid-level approaches, such as the base of the pyramid (BOP) approach in business strategy, this approach is rooted at the micro-level, enabling bottom up understanding of buyer and seller. The term, subsistence marketplaces, reflects understanding these contexts in their own right, not just as markets to sell to, but as individuals, communities, consumers, entrepreneurs, and ...


Cigarette Taxes And Illicit Trade In Europe Online Appendix, James Prieger, Jonathan D. Kulick 2017 Pepperdine University

Cigarette Taxes And Illicit Trade In Europe Online Appendix, James Prieger, Jonathan D. Kulick

School of Public Policy Working Papers

Cigarettes are highly taxed in Europe to discourage tobacco use and to fund public-health measures to mitigate the harms from tobacco consumption. At higher prices some consumers substitute more toward illicit cigarettes. We find that raising prices in any one country would lead to substantial increases in the expected illicit market share and volume in that country. This appendix contains more complete information about the data and additional regressions to which the article published in Economic Inquiry (and also available in earlier form as School of Public Policy Working Paper 60) refers.


The Impacts Of Commercialization On Depth, Breadth, Scope, And Quality Of Outreach In Mozambique: A Case-Study, Courtney Johnson 2017 Illinois State University

The Impacts Of Commercialization On Depth, Breadth, Scope, And Quality Of Outreach In Mozambique: A Case-Study, Courtney Johnson

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development

In today’s microfinance, scholars and policy-makers across the world have emphasized the importance of financial sustainability, or the ability of a microfinance institution (MFI) to finance its operations. In order to reach financial sustainability, MFIs embrace commercialization, a process where an MFI undergoes restructuring in order to open up avenues to capital. Yet, scholars are concerned that this emphasizes on financial sustainability will cause the social good objective to suffer, a phenomenon known as “trade-off.” Indeed, studies have found that commercialization impacts MFI outreach in various ways. To my knowledge, no research has attempted to understand the impacts of ...


Implementing Indigenous And Western Knowledge Systems (Part 2): “You Have To Take A Backseat” And Abandon The Arrogance Of Expertise, Heather E. Castleden, Debbie Martin, Ashlee Cunsolo, Sherilee Harper, Catherine Hart, Paul Sylvestre, Robert Stefanelli, Lindsay Day, Kaitlin Lauridsen 2017 Queen's University - Kingston, Ontario

Implementing Indigenous And Western Knowledge Systems (Part 2): “You Have To Take A Backseat” And Abandon The Arrogance Of Expertise, Heather E. Castleden, Debbie Martin, Ashlee Cunsolo, Sherilee Harper, Catherine Hart, Paul Sylvestre, Robert Stefanelli, Lindsay Day, Kaitlin Lauridsen

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Despite innovative technological "solutions" to address ongoing water crises in Indigenous communities, significant disparities persist in Canada. Financial investment in infrastructure is necessary, but it is hardly sufficient to address the real problem: entrenched colonialism. One of the greatest challenges in decolonizing research is to prevent that research from reproducing the very categories it is seeking to critique and dismantle. We share findings from thematically-analyzed interviews with academic and community-based researchers who conducted water research with a stated intent to implement Western and Indigenous knowledge systems. Findings revealed that while there is co-learning, ontological and epistemological assumptions carried into these ...


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