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Impacting Agriculture And Natural Resource Policy: County Commissioners’ Decision-Making Behaviors And Communication Preferences, Kati Lawson, Kevin Kent, Shelli Rampold, Ricky W. Telg, Ashley McLeod-Morin 2020 University of Florida

Impacting Agriculture And Natural Resource Policy: County Commissioners’ Decision-Making Behaviors And Communication Preferences, Kati Lawson, Kevin Kent, Shelli Rampold, Ricky W. Telg, Ashley Mcleod-Morin

Journal of Applied Communications

Elected officials at the local, state, and national levels play key roles in shaping the agriculture and natural resources (ANR) sectors through the development and implementation of ANR policies and regulations. As such, it has become necessary for members of the ANR community to understand the policy formation process and how to communicate effectively with elected officials about ANR policies and issues. However, little research has been conducted at the local level to examine how local elected officials (LEOs) interact with information specific to ANR policies to make decisions. This study was designed to assess the communication and information-seeking preferences ...


Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang 2020 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This article draws on novel data and presents the results of the first empirical analysis of how potentially salient characteristics of Court of Appeals judges influence precedential lawmaking on class certification under Rule 23. We find that the partisan composition of the panel (measured by the party of the appointing president) has a very strong association with certification outcomes, with all-Democratic panels having more than double the certification rate of all-Republican panels in precedential cases. We also find that the presence of one African American on a panel, and the presence of two females (but not one), is associated with ...


23.3 Endnotes, CISR JOURNAL 2020 James Madison University

23.3 Endnotes, Cisr Journal

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

No abstract provided.


A Real-Time Video-Streaming System For Monitoring Demining, Mohammed al-Husseini Ph.D., Masoud Alipour Ph.D., Hassan Ghaziri Ph.D., Ali El-Hajj Ph.D. 2020 Beirut Research and Innovation Center, Lebanese Center for Studies and Research

A Real-Time Video-Streaming System For Monitoring Demining, Mohammed Al-Husseini Ph.D., Masoud Alipour Ph.D., Hassan Ghaziri Ph.D., Ali El-Hajj Ph.D.

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The most deployed detection technology for landmine clearance is the metal detector (MD).1 Other detection technologies exist, such as ground penetrating radar,2 chemical sensors,3 biological sensors,4 and infrared imaging,5 to name a few. However, despite their widespread use, MDs suffer from high false-alarm (FA) rates since they cannot differentiate between the metal components in a landmine and harmless metal clutter. Deminers using MDs usually rely on their personal experience to differentiate between the sounds emitted by the MD when scanning a landmine or an item of clutter. Usually, they continue to excavate on a large ...


The Development Of A Humanitarian Ied Clearance Capacity In Afghanistan, Alexander Tan 2020 The HALO Trust

The Development Of A Humanitarian Ied Clearance Capacity In Afghanistan, Alexander Tan

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) have been widely used in Afghanistan since the mid-2000s, presenting a significant and life-threatening hazard to the civilian population. As areas become free from conflict and permissible for humanitarian clearance, an effective response is required to protect civilians. With the support of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the German Federal Foreign Office, and in coordination with the Directorate of Mine Action Coordination (DMAC; the Afghan national mine action authority) and other stakeholders, The HALO Trust (HALO) has developed and implemented a successful proof of concept for manual clearance of victim operated IEDs (VOIEDs). While ...


Explosive Ordnance In The Baltic Sea: New Tools For Decision Makers, Torsten Frey, Jacek Beldowski, Edmund Maser 2020 Leipzig University

Explosive Ordnance In The Baltic Sea: New Tools For Decision Makers, Torsten Frey, Jacek Beldowski, Edmund Maser

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The global ocean economy is predicted to grow by more than 100 percent between 2010 and 2030. By then, more than 40 million people are going to be employed by the maritime industry.1 Recognizing this potential, the European Union (EU) devised a “Blue Growth” strategy that seeks to reap the anticipated economic benefits.2 While technological advancements allow for an increased utilization of marine resources, the newly gained access to untapped opportunities forces coastal nations to simultaneously face the challenge of explosive remnants of war (ERW) and chemical warfare agents (CWAs) in the sea.


Community-Based Inclusive Development: Integrating Survivors Into A Broader Victim Assistance System, Bernard Franck, Donna Koolmees, Sarah French 2020 USAID Okard, World Education, Inc.

Community-Based Inclusive Development: Integrating Survivors Into A Broader Victim Assistance System, Bernard Franck, Donna Koolmees, Sarah French

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

During the Vietnam War, an estimated 580,000 or more bombing missions were carried out over Laos, dropping two million tons of ordnance across the country.1 This contaminated Laos with approximately 80 million items of unexploded ordnance (UXO),2 including ‘big bombs,’ cluster munition and sub-munition bomblets, grenades, rockets, and other types of ammunition.3 There also remain an unknown number of landmines across the country which are further remnants of the war. Today, fifteen out of eighteen provinces and approximately 25 percent of villages are still affected.4 Between 1964 and 2017, 50,754 people were killed or ...


Improving The Prioritization Process Of Uxo Lao, Hayashi Ontoku Akihito 2020 JICA adviser to UXO Lao

Improving The Prioritization Process Of Uxo Lao, Hayashi Ontoku Akihito

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Prioritization of clearance activities continues to be a central issue in the unexploded ordnance (UXO) sector in Laos. Although the government set a policy on prioritization, it has not functioned well as a guide for operators to prioritize their tasks. The majority of operators tended to prioritize their operations based on their past experiences. This has resulted in uncertainty about how to prioritize clearance operations and has led to a strong demand from stakeholders for greater transparency. UXO Lao, the national clearance operator, has implemented a trial to introduce a clear planning and prioritization process for operations in order to ...


Game-Based Learning: An Innovative And Scalable Approach To Mine Risk Education, Ta Thi Hai Yen 2020 Catholic Relief Services

Game-Based Learning: An Innovative And Scalable Approach To Mine Risk Education, Ta Thi Hai Yen

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

More than 40 years after the war, Vietnam remains highly contaminated with 800,000 tons1 of landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO) such as artillery shells, bombs, missiles, and mortars contaminating 6.1 million hectares of land. According to the Landmine & Cluster Munition Monitor, landmines and UXO were the cause of 129 deaths and 241 injuries between 2008 and 2017.2 Survey findings show that children are one of the most high-risk groups in many provinces in Vietnam, including in heavily-affected provinces such as Quang Tri, Quang Binh, Binh Dinh, and Quang Nam.3 Since the end of the war ...


Providing Imas Training To Local Military Forces And Mitigating Long-Term Erw Risks In Vietnam, Allan R. Vosburgh 2020 Golden West Humanitarian Foundation

Providing Imas Training To Local Military Forces And Mitigating Long-Term Erw Risks In Vietnam, Allan R. Vosburgh

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Residual risk from unexploded ordnance (UXO) is a by-product of all modern conflicts. Developed by the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD), the Management of Residual Explosive Remnants of War (MORE) program seeks to characterize risk and carefully examine the factors involved in reducing long-term risks from munitions.1 MORE looks at many factors, including the impacts of time on munitions, explosives, and fuzing systems. Other critical considerations are the resources available to manage residual UXO and best practices from former conflict areas used to successfully overcome the risk reduction challenges. In Vietnam, the Golden West Humanitarian Foundation (Golden ...


Cluster Munition Remnant Survey In Southeast Asia, Kimberly McCosker, Jan Erik Stoa, Katherine Harrison 2020 Norwegian People's Aid

Cluster Munition Remnant Survey In Southeast Asia, Kimberly Mccosker, Jan Erik Stoa, Katherine Harrison

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Efficient and effective land release is a core global priority for MAG (Mines Advisory Group), Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA), and The HALO Trust (HALO), as significant and ongoing investment of resources and expertise continually improve procedures and approaches. Cluster Munitions Remnants Survey: Best Practice in South East Asia is the result of many years of close cooperation between MAG, NPA, and HALO on survey and clearance of cluster munition remnants (CMR) in Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. Ahead of the 9th Meeting of States Party (9MSP) to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM), held in Geneva in September 2019, operational ...


Long-Term Risk Management Tools For Protocols For Residual Explosive Ordnance Mitigation: A Pretest In Vietnam, Katrin Stauffer, Christelle Mestre 2020 RISKey GmbH

Long-Term Risk Management Tools For Protocols For Residual Explosive Ordnance Mitigation: A Pretest In Vietnam, Katrin Stauffer, Christelle Mestre

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The transition from proactive survey and clearance to reactive risk management represents a crucial moment in the life of a mine action program. Relevant frameworks and standards, including the International Mine Action Standard (IMAS) 07.10, usually require that all reasonable effort is applied and a tolerable level of risk with regards to a mine or explosive ordnance (EO) threat is achieved in order to move to a residual state. Such transition requires the application of risk management principles, as stressed in the IMAS 07.14: Risk Management in Mine Action.


Augmented And Virtual Reality For Hma Eod Training, Allen Dodgson Tan 2020 Golden West Design Lab

Augmented And Virtual Reality For Hma Eod Training, Allen Dodgson Tan

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

At the Golden West Design Lab in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, our team has been working on applying virtual (VR) and augmented reality (AR) technologies to explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) for approximately three years with the support of the Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement in the U.S. State Department’s Bureau of Political-Military Affairs (PM/WRA). This work grew from our success with the Advanced Ordnance Training Materials (AOTM) program, which produces detailed and functioning training aids of ordnance fuzes using 3D printing technology. The AOTM products were able to provide new capabilities to training in programs across the ...


A Twenty-Minute Walk Through Fallujah: Using Virtual Reality To Raise Awareness About Ieds In Iraq, Sandra Bialystok 2020 Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining

A Twenty-Minute Walk Through Fallujah: Using Virtual Reality To Raise Awareness About Ieds In Iraq, Sandra Bialystok

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

In January 2018, filmmakers from the studio NowHere Media travelled to Fallujah, Iraq, with the objective of creating a virtual reality (VR) experience to explain how improvised explosive devices (IEDs) are impacting people’s safe return home. In just a few days, they met dozens of people, all of whom had stories to tell. And then they met Ahmaeid—an Iraqi father who had returned home with his family about a year earlier. Ahmaied told them about the tragic accident that had happened just a few months prior when his two older sons entered a neighbor's home to collect ...


Hma In The Gray Zone, Lt. Col. Shawn Kadlec 2020 20th CBRNE Command

Hma In The Gray Zone, Lt. Col. Shawn Kadlec

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

How do the military, other government agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and the private sector cooperate with each other when they find themselves conducting mine action tasks typically considered the purview of each other’s sectors?


The Journal Of Conventional Weapons Destruction, CISR JOURNAL 2020 James Madison University

The Journal Of Conventional Weapons Destruction, Cisr Journal

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

No abstract provided.


Basel Iii G: Shadow Banking And Project Finance, Christian M. McNamara, Andrew Metrick 2020 Yale University

Basel Iii G: Shadow Banking And Project Finance, Christian M. Mcnamara, Andrew Metrick

Journal of Financial Crises

The Net Stable Funding Ratio (NSFR), a liquidity standard introduced by Basel III, seeks to promote a better match between the liquidity of a bank’s assets and the manner in which the bank funds those assets. The NSFR requires banks to maintain a minimum amount of funding deemed “stable” by the Basel framework based on the liquidity of the banks’ assets and activities over a one-year timeframe. One of the areas seen as most affected by this development may be bank participation in project finance for infrastructure development. Since the global demand for infrastructure development remains robust, the shadow ...


Jpmorgan Chase London Whale Z: Background & Overview, Arwin G. Zeissler, Rosalind Bennett, Andrew Metrick 2020 Yale University

Jpmorgan Chase London Whale Z: Background & Overview, Arwin G. Zeissler, Rosalind Bennett, Andrew Metrick

Journal of Financial Crises

In December 2011, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of JPMorgan Chase (JPM) instructed the bank’s Chief Investment Office to reduce the size of its Synthetic Credit Portfolio (SCP) during 2012, so that JPM could decrease its Risk-Weighted Assets as the bank prepared to adopt the impending Basel III bank capital regulations. However, the SCP traders were also told to minimize the trading costs incurred to reduce Risk-Weighted Assets, while still maintaining the opportunity to profit from unexpected corporate bankruptcies. In an attempt to balance these competing objectives, head SCP derivatives trader Bruno Iksil suggested in January ...


Christine "Chris" Kyker Papers, 1946-2017, Chris Kyker 2020 Abilene Christian University

Christine "Chris" Kyker Papers, 1946-2017, Chris Kyker

Center for Restoration Studies Archives, Manuscripts and Personal Papers Finding Aids

No abstract provided.


Teaching About The Dark Web In Criminal Justice Or Related Programs At The Community College And University Levels., Scott H. Belshaw, Brooke Nodeland, Lorrin Underwood, Alexandrea Colaiuta 2020 University of North Texas

Teaching About The Dark Web In Criminal Justice Or Related Programs At The Community College And University Levels., Scott H. Belshaw, Brooke Nodeland, Lorrin Underwood, Alexandrea Colaiuta

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

Increasingly, criminal justice practitioners have been called on to help solve breaches in cyber security. However, while the demand for criminal justice participation in cyber investigations increases daily, most universities are lagging in their educational and training opportunities for students entering the criminal justice fields. This article discusses the need to incorporate courses discussing the Dark Web in criminal justice. A review of existing cyber-criminal justice programs in Texas and nationally suggests that most community colleges and 4-year universities have yet to develop courses/programs in understanding and investigating the Dark Web on the internet. The Dark Web serves as ...


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