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Endnotes Issue 20.3, CISR JMU 2016 James Madison University

Endnotes Issue 20.3, Cisr Jmu

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Endnotes Issue 20.3


Maxml: Coordinating Mine Action With Xml Technologies, Dionysia Kontotasiou, Olivier Cottray 2016 GICHD

Maxml: Coordinating Mine Action With Xml Technologies, Dionysia Kontotasiou, Olivier Cottray

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The Mine Action XML (maXML) is an Extensible Markup Language (XML) schema developed by the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD). It aims to standardize data management and data exchange among actors in the mine action community, which includes individuals and groups involved in any aspect of addressing the landmine and explosive remnants of war (ERW) contamination. In this field, data exchange is mostly manual and often has to deal with chaotic environments. The goal of maXML is to contribute to the automatization of many of these processes, saving valuable time for staff in the field and improving the ...


Emerging Patterns Of Erw Injuries In Laos, Stacey Pizzino, Colette McInerney, Jo Durham 2016 University of Queensland

Emerging Patterns Of Erw Injuries In Laos, Stacey Pizzino, Colette Mcinerney, Jo Durham

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The year 2016 marks the beginning of a new era for international development, with the adoption of seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) that will drive global development efforts until 2030. In post-conflict countries, humanitarian mine action will be an important enabler in achieving a number of SDGs, including goal 3: “ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.” Of particular relevance is target 3.9 of the SDGs, which specifies the need to reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from soil pollution and contamination. At present this relates primarily to indoor and outdoor air pollution. However ...


Effectiveness And Impact Of Undp Mine Action Support: Lessons Learned, Charles Downs, Alan Fox 2016 Downs Consulting

Effectiveness And Impact Of Undp Mine Action Support: Lessons Learned, Charles Downs, Alan Fox

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has supported mine action in more than 40 countries since its first involvement in Cambodia in 1992. UNDP support generally focuses on the development of national mine action management capacities. In early 2016, the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) of UNDP concluded the first global evaluation of the results of UNDP support in mine action, with particular attention to its effectiveness and impact. The evaluation reviewed documentation relating to all national, UNDP-supported mine action programs, in-depth desk reviews of support to 14 countries, and background for field case studies of three national programs (Laos, Mozambique ...


Explosive Remnants Of War Contamination Response In Libya, Damir Djakovic, Katarina Cvikl Balić 2016 ITF Enhancing Human Security

Explosive Remnants Of War Contamination Response In Libya, Damir Djakovic, Katarina Cvikl Balić

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Abu Grain is a town located 106 km (66 mi) east of Misrata and 138 km (86 mi) west of Sirte with an estimated population of 2,000 inhabitants. The town is known for its strategic road intersection connecting the Mediterranean cities of Misrata and Sirte with the desert district of Jufra. Between February and March 2016, Abu Grain’s population fled as Islamic State (IS) group forces advanced into town in an attempt to expand control toward the west of its stronghold in Sirte. According to the Libyan Red Crescent, Abu Grain’s inhabitants mostly fled to Bani Walid ...


Working From A Distance In War-Affected Libya, Nikolaj Søndergaard 2016 DanChurchAid

Working From A Distance In War-Affected Libya, Nikolaj Søndergaard

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

A unique partnership between DanChurchAid (DCA) and Lebanese authorities facilitates explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) training for Libyan authorities, who can now start their own national EOD teams and begin the clearance process.


Special Report: Solomon Islands’ Explosive Legacy, Mette Eliseussen, John Rodsted 2016 Safeground

Special Report: Solomon Islands’ Explosive Legacy, Mette Eliseussen, John Rodsted

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

he Solomon Islands encompass over 900 islands scattered across the ocean north of Australia and east of Papua New Guinea. Many of the 500,000 inhabitants still live with unknown quantities of explosive remnants of war (ERW) left behind from combat between Japan and the United States during World War II. Unexploded ordnance (UXO) of both U.S. and Japanese origin remains on some of the nation’s atolls.1,2 Since the end of the war, sporadic clearance was undertaken, including through Operation Render Safe, a joint clearance program between Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the ...


Adapting The Erw Community To Combat Ied Threats, Brad Alford, Michael Kennedy 2016 Janus Global Operations

Adapting The Erw Community To Combat Ied Threats, Brad Alford, Michael Kennedy

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

In Iraq and other regions soon to be liberated from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), recovery and stability efforts are hindered by improvised explosive devices (IED), which threaten civilians returning home and/or assisting with reconstruction. According to Relief Web, the Anbar Provincial Council “discourage[d] the premature return of internally displaced persons (IDP) to Fallujah due to the remaining IEDs left behind by the Islamic state of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) militants.” This threat, coupled with the consequences of an asymmetrical conflict, has changed the operating environments encountered by organizations that respond to explosive remnants ...


Gendered Vulnerabilities To Small Arms In South Central Somalia, Abigail Jones, Nicola Sandhu, Lucas Musetti 2016 Gender and Mine Action Programme

Gendered Vulnerabilities To Small Arms In South Central Somalia, Abigail Jones, Nicola Sandhu, Lucas Musetti

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Somalia is a very young nation demographically; estimates place half the population under the age of 14 and less than five percent over the age of 60. A large portion of the population grew up during incredible civil instability and violence, making exposure to armed violence an ever-present prospect. Further, the presence of more than one million displaced persons and refugees exacerbates the difficulties of protecting vulnerable groups from violence.


Rbm And Theories Of Change, Russell Gasser 2016 GICHD

Rbm And Theories Of Change, Russell Gasser

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

“Give me your money; I’m busy doing things” is not the most convincing fundraising appeal. Instead, “Look at the difference our program has made to the lives of the people that were helped” is far more likely to get a positive response. The overall purpose of mine action is to improve people’s lives and livelihoods, to reduce casualties, and increase compliance with political commitments like the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC). Although this is widely known, standard reporting excessively includes information on how many people received risk education, how many square meters of land were cleared, or how ...


The Role Of Research In Mine Action: A Response To Gasser, Ian McLean, Rebecca Sargisson 2016 University of Waikato

The Role Of Research In Mine Action: A Response To Gasser, Ian Mclean, Rebecca Sargisson

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Some years ago, a businessman came to me and said that he would like to start commercially farming lobsters, something that had not been attempted at the time. His key question was, “How long will the development research take?”

“I would think two to four years before a scaling-up exercise to make it commercially viable,” I answered.

Looking genuinely surprised he replied, “Really! I was thinking it should take about two weeks.”

This anecdote portrays a problem that emerges in almost every area of human enterprise. Those-who-do want and need to do right now. Those-who-create need time to design, build ...


From The Director, Kenneth Rutherford 2016 James Madison University

From The Director, Kenneth Rutherford

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Here at CISR, our team is busy planning the 13th Senior Managers’ Course (SMC), which will take place in Biograd na Moru, Croatia, from 20 March to 7 April 2017. With the help of our local partner, the Croatian Mine Action Centre, CISR will implement a course designed specifically to address the needs of senior managers working in greater Southeast Europe as the region’s mine action programs undergo planned transitions. The course in Croatia will be our third regional SMC (Tajikistan in 2014 and Vietnam in 2015) since we began implementing the regional format in 2014; we hope to ...


The Journal Of Conventional Weapons Destruction Issue 20.3, CISR JMU 2016 James Madison University

The Journal Of Conventional Weapons Destruction Issue 20.3, Cisr Jmu

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction Issue 20.3:

Editorial:

  • Director's Message
  • The Role of Research in Mine Action: A Response to Gasser by Ian McLean and Rebecca Sargisson
  • RBM and Theories of Change by Russell Gasser

Feature:

  • Gendered Vulnerabilities to Small Arms in South Central Somalia by Abigail Jones, Nicola Sandhu, and Lucas Musetti
  • Adapting the ERW Community to Combat IED Threats by Brad Alford and Michael Kennedy

Special Report:

  • Solomon Islands’ Explosive Legacy by Mette Eliseussen and John Rodsted

Spotlight:

  • Working from a Distance in War-Affected Libya by Nikolaj Søndergaard
  • Explosive Remnants of War Contamination Response in ...


Physiological Demands Of Law Enforcement Occupational Tasks In Australian Police Officers, Amy Decker, Rob Orr, Rodney Pope, Ben Hinton 2016 Bond University

Physiological Demands Of Law Enforcement Occupational Tasks In Australian Police Officers, Amy Decker, Rob Orr, Rodney Pope, Ben Hinton

Tactical Research Unit Conference papers

Research suggests that law enforcement is primarily a sedentary occupation. However, officers may have to respond rapidly to unpredictable situations and this can dramatically increase their physiological loads. The aim of this study was to investigate the physiological demands placed on Australian state police officers carrying out operational tasks.


Countering Unconventional Warfare: Special Operations Forces Role In Support To A National Strategy, Dwayne R. Bierly 2016 American Public University System

Countering Unconventional Warfare: Special Operations Forces Role In Support To A National Strategy, Dwayne R. Bierly

Master's Capstone Theses

The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 directed the Secretary of Defense to develop a DOD strategy to counter unconventional warfare threats posed by adversarial state and non-state actors. This thesis examined special operations forces capability to support a DOD counter unconventional warfare strategy. Research incorporated qualitative content analysis and case study approach exploring data on countering unconventional warfare. The U.S. Army War College Strategy Model end, ways, and means was used to examine U.S. special operations forces’ capability to support a DOD counter unconventional strategy and provided the framework to display data on Russia’s ...


Geopolitical Implications Of The Sino-Japanese East China Sea Dispute For The U.S., Bert Chapman 2016 Purdue University

Geopolitical Implications Of The Sino-Japanese East China Sea Dispute For The U.S., Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

This presentation updates the article "Geopolitical Implications of the Sino-East China Sea Dispute for the U.S." published in Geopolitics, History, and International Relations which is already available in epubs.


Profiling Work Health And Safety Incidents And Injuries In Australian Army Personnel: An Investigation Of Injuries And Other Incidents Suffered By Army Reserve Personnel, Rob Marc Orr, Rodney Pope, Ben Schram, Dylan MacDonald, Wayne Hing 2016 Bond University

Profiling Work Health And Safety Incidents And Injuries In Australian Army Personnel: An Investigation Of Injuries And Other Incidents Suffered By Army Reserve Personnel, Rob Marc Orr, Rodney Pope, Ben Schram, Dylan Macdonald, Wayne Hing

Ben Schram

The Army reserve soldier is an integral part of overall Army capability and functioning. Although only becoming full-time when participating in training exercises or when called on for operations, these personnel are generally expected to perform at a level commensurate with full-time soldiers of the same rank and trade. Due to their transitions between civilian and military employments, they are typically exposed to less chronic military physical conditioning than their full-time counterparts. This reduced chronic conditioning, but requirement to perform the same tasks at the same level as full-time soldiers, may leave the reserve soldier at a higher risk of ...


Profiling Work Health And Safety Incidents And Injuries In Australian Army Personnel: An Investigation Of Injuries And Other Incidents Suffered By Army Reserve Personnel, Rob Marc Orr, Rodney Pope, Ben Schram, Dylan MacDonald, Wayne Hing 2016 Bond University

Profiling Work Health And Safety Incidents And Injuries In Australian Army Personnel: An Investigation Of Injuries And Other Incidents Suffered By Army Reserve Personnel, Rob Marc Orr, Rodney Pope, Ben Schram, Dylan Macdonald, Wayne Hing

Wayne Hing

The Army reserve soldier is an integral part of overall Army capability and functioning. Although only becoming full-time when participating in training exercises or when called on for operations, these personnel are generally expected to perform at a level commensurate with full-time soldiers of the same rank and trade. Due to their transitions between civilian and military employments, they are typically exposed to less chronic military physical conditioning than their full-time counterparts. This reduced chronic conditioning, but requirement to perform the same tasks at the same level as full-time soldiers, may leave the reserve soldier at a higher risk of ...


Combat Training Injuries In Australian Army Personnel, Rob Marc Orr, Rodney Pope 2016 Bond University

Combat Training Injuries In Australian Army Personnel, Rob Marc Orr, Rodney Pope

Tactical Research Unit Conference papers

Abstract published in the Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 24(4), p. 17-18.


Profiling Work Health And Safety Incidents And Injuries In Australian Army Personnel: An Investigation Of Injuries And Other Incidents Suffered By Army Reserve Personnel, Rob Marc Orr, Rodney Pope, Ben Schram, Dylan MacDonald, Wayne Hing 2016 Bond University

Profiling Work Health And Safety Incidents And Injuries In Australian Army Personnel: An Investigation Of Injuries And Other Incidents Suffered By Army Reserve Personnel, Rob Marc Orr, Rodney Pope, Ben Schram, Dylan Macdonald, Wayne Hing

Tactical Research Unit Research Reports

The Army reserve soldier is an integral part of overall Army capability and functioning. Although only becoming full-time when participating in training exercises or when called on for operations, these personnel are generally expected to perform at a level commensurate with full-time soldiers of the same rank and trade. Due to their transitions between civilian and military employments, they are typically exposed to less chronic military physical conditioning than their full-time counterparts. This reduced chronic conditioning, but requirement to perform the same tasks at the same level as full-time soldiers, may leave the reserve soldier at a higher risk of ...


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