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Defining And Deterring Faits Accomplis, Brandon Colas 2022 US Army War College

Defining And Deterring Faits Accomplis, Brandon Colas

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

This article describes faits accomplis—how states attempt to seize disputed territory using military force, hoping to avoid war in the process—and offers suggestions for how to deter them. Since 1945, faits accomplis have become the most common means by which states attempt to take over territory, even though they frequently result in armed conflict. US deterrent efforts, however, often focus on stopping invasions, not limited land grabs. This study combines the traditional literature on deterrence with Dan Altman’s recent research on faits accomplis to suggest Department of Defense leaders should frame territorial disputes as a real estate market they can …


Srad Director's Corner: Russia’S Strategy And Its War On Ukraine, George Shatzer 2022 US Army War College

Srad Director's Corner: Russia’S Strategy And Its War On Ukraine, George Shatzer

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

In this contribution, Colonel George Shatzer, director of the Strategy Research and Analysis Department of the Strategic Studies Institute at the US Army War College, discusses books of relevance to US Joint planners and strategists, as well as those of allies and strategic partners. He applies his experience and education as a US Army senior strategist to extract insights useful to anyone contemplating how to confront the challenges of today’s strategic environment.


Tomorrow’S Wars And The Media, Alexander G. Lovelace 2022 US Army War College

Tomorrow’S Wars And The Media, Alexander G. Lovelace

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

Distilling lessons from the author’s book, The Media Offensive: How the Press and Public Opinion Shaped Allied Strategy during World War II, this article provides applicable suggestions for the US military today. As in World War II, the press is both a weapon and a possible vulnerability in modern warfare. Consequently, this article offers practical suggestions for how the press can be used by public affairs officers, commanders, and policymakers to achieve victory in coming conflicts.


Book Reviews, USAWC Press 2022 US Army War College

Book Reviews, Usawc Press

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

No abstract provided.


Contributor's Guidelines, USAWC Press 2022 US Army War College

Contributor's Guidelines, Usawc Press

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

No abstract provided.


To The Shores Of Tripoli: A Barbary Retrospective, Kathleen J. Brett 2022 James Madison University

To The Shores Of Tripoli: A Barbary Retrospective, Kathleen J. Brett

Senior Honors Projects, 2020-current

The First and Second Barbary Wars were incredibly influential in shaping the diplomatic and military tactics of the early United States. These wars were fought against the Barbary states of Tripoli, Tunis, Morocco, and Algiers, located on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa. The First Barbary War lasted between the years of 1801 to 1805. The First Barbary War began due to the United States’ desire to no longer pay tribute sums to the Barbary states, along with an increase in the number American merchantmen captured and enslaved by the Barbary states. Tripoli served as the primary aggressor in the …


America: The World’S Police—How The Defund The Police Movement Frames An Analysis For Defunding The Military, Anya Kreider 2022 American University Washington College of Law

America: The World’S Police—How The Defund The Police Movement Frames An Analysis For Defunding The Military, Anya Kreider

The Scholar: St. Mary's Law Review on Race and Social Justice

In this article, the author examines the tenets of the Defund the Police movement and applies them to the American military to make the argument that not only should the police be defunded, but so should the American military. The purpose of this piece is to push the conversation regarding policing beyond American borders to examine American influence internationally. The article incorporates various Critical Race Theories to explore the intersection of policing and the military. The Defund the Police Movement also provides a framework for critiquing the American military because the American police and military are inextricably connected. Part I …


Hak Asasi Manusia Tersangka Tindak Pidana Terorisme: Studi Perbandingan Antara Indonesia Dan Malaysia, Fayez Ghazi Mutasim Adesta Mr., Sapto Priyanto Dr. 2022 Program Studi Kajian Terorisme, SKSG-Universitas Indonesia

Hak Asasi Manusia Tersangka Tindak Pidana Terorisme: Studi Perbandingan Antara Indonesia Dan Malaysia, Fayez Ghazi Mutasim Adesta Mr., Sapto Priyanto Dr.

Journal of Terrorism Studies

Terrorism is the use of force or threat to use force with the aim of bringing a political change, this is the definition according to Brian Jenkins. It is not doubted by anyone that the crime of terrorism is an act of crime that is extraordinary. However, similar to any other crimes, the principle of innocent until proven guilty should always be upheld. This is due to the fact that we should presume anyone’s innocence until the court of law hold otherwise. This paper is aimed to further discuss pertaining to the human rights of an accused of crime of …


Prevention Of Terrorism Attacks Through Environmental Design In Indonesia Airport, Rizki Wahyudi, Sapto Priyanto Mr. 2022 University of Indonesia

Prevention Of Terrorism Attacks Through Environmental Design In Indonesia Airport, Rizki Wahyudi, Sapto Priyanto Mr.

Journal of Terrorism Studies

This research previously identified civil aviation as a vulnerable and appealing target. Terrorism-related airport security concerns have gained much attention since the 9/11 attacks. Terrorist assaults against flights, airports, passengers, crew, and cargo continue to pose a severe threat to human and national security worldwide. The X Indonesia International Airport is a civil enclave airport that offers the concept of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design to combat these attacks and threats (CPTED). This article aims to provide an overview of airport security management and present a CPTED concept for avoiding a terrorist assault and threat. This paper employs a descriptive …


Shortcut To Terrorism: Self-Radicalization And Lone- Wolf Terror Acts: A Case Study Of Indonesia, Stanislaus Riyanta 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Shortcut To Terrorism: Self-Radicalization And Lone- Wolf Terror Acts: A Case Study Of Indonesia, Stanislaus Riyanta

Journal of Terrorism Studies

A surprising phenomenon was observed in the lone-wolf terror terrorism that occurred in Indonesia. This is associated with the fact that the perpetrators of seven out of thirteen cases reported were exposed to radical information through social media and the internet without directly joining a terrorist group. The process involved the intensive exploration of the internet by people previously interested in radicalism content which eventually led to self-radicalization and the subsequent terror acts. Meanwhile, Fathali M Moghaddam proposed that the process of radicalization before a terror act is conducted involves six stages of action known as the staircase to terrorism. …


Collaboration Strategy In The Penta-Helix Concept: Deradicalization Program For Terrorist Separatism Groups In Papua, Muhammad Zaenuddin Firmansyah, Sapto Priyanto, Megan Bilney 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Collaboration Strategy In The Penta-Helix Concept: Deradicalization Program For Terrorist Separatism Groups In Papua, Muhammad Zaenuddin Firmansyah, Sapto Priyanto, Megan Bilney

Journal of Terrorism Studies

Abstract

On 29 April, 2021, The Indonesian Government declared the Armed Criminal Group (KKB) as a Separatism Terrorist Group (KST), in response to the casualties, both from the military and civilian parties. In particular, the death of the Kabinda of Papua and Bharada Komang was a catalyst for this announcement as previous conflict resolution steps failed to address the ongoing conflict in Papua. The increased risk of terrorism in the Papuan region is driven by the lack of research into focused deradicalization programs. In this article, the author seeks to address how a targeted deradicalization program is an appropriate conflict …


Strategies And Policies In Enforcement Of Security, Human Rights And Development In Papua, Rudy Syamsir, Syaiful Rohman 2022 Assistant Deputy for Protection of Human Rights, Kemenko Polhukam

Strategies And Policies In Enforcement Of Security, Human Rights And Development In Papua, Rudy Syamsir, Syaiful Rohman

Journal of Terrorism Studies

Papua always an interesting discussion along with the rampant acts of violence against civilians carried out by the Independent Papua Organization (OPM), which were later labeled with various terms such as the Armed Separatist Group (KSB), Armed Criminal Group (KKB), Armed Separatist Criminal Group (KKSB). KKB carried out acts of violence in killing civilians, government officials vandalizing and burning public facilities. Because of the ways that are similar to acts of terrorism, this group is finally called the Armed Terrorism Group (KTB). The Indonesian National Army (TNI) and Indonesian Republic Police (POLRI) security forces have taken repressive actions with armed …


Redefine The Concept Of Lone Wolf In The Context Of Global Jihad, Aly Ashghor 2022 University of Bhayangkara Jakarta Raya

Redefine The Concept Of Lone Wolf In The Context Of Global Jihad, Aly Ashghor

Journal of Terrorism Studies

The purpose of this article is to conceptualize or redefine the concept of "lone wolf” in the context of global jihad. This article uses a meta-analysis approach by proposing two literature review methods, namely an effort to track a number of literatures that are the basis for defining lone wolf acts of terrorism and tracking a number of literatures that discuss the phenomenon of global jihad. This article finds that there are no acts of global jihad terrorism that operate independently, technological developments have pushed the global jihad agenda by Islamic activism on a local scale through social media as …


Keterlibatan Gerakan Separatisme Dalam Upaya Kemerdekaan Catalonia Dari Spanyol, Agus Widodo, Henny Saptatia Drajati Nugrahani 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Keterlibatan Gerakan Separatisme Dalam Upaya Kemerdekaan Catalonia Dari Spanyol, Agus Widodo, Henny Saptatia Drajati Nugrahani

Journal of Terrorism Studies

The aim of the research is to find out the factors that caused the failure of the separatist movement to liberate the autonomous region of Catalonia from Spain, as well as to explain the defense-security strategy carried out by the Spanish government to maintain Catalonia as an inseparable part of this country. The researcher conducts an analysis based on two research questions: why the separatist movement failed to liberate Catalonia from Spain and what defense-security strategy the Spanish government did to defend Catalonia. The method used in this study is a qualitative method by processing primary data in the form …


Active Learning With Cybersecurity, Carole Shook 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Active Learning With Cybersecurity, Carole Shook

Publications and Presentations

A global campus grant was obtained in Spring 2020 to develop modules for Cybersecurity. This presentation encompasses the use of Cyberciege and case studies that require active learning of students.


Hate Crimes: A Statistical Comparison Of Reported Hate Crimes And Victimizations During The Obama And Trump Administrations, Daniel Ramsey 2022 University of Mississippi

Hate Crimes: A Statistical Comparison Of Reported Hate Crimes And Victimizations During The Obama And Trump Administrations, Daniel Ramsey

Honors Theses

This thesis attempts to study and assess potential trends in reported hate crime statistics under the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program database along with hate crime victimizations under the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) during President Obama’s first term (2009-2012) and President Trump’s term (2017-2020). The research question addressed in this study includes: a) What trends are evident during the Obama and Trump administrations regarding hate crimes? To assess potential trends in hate crimes and victimizations, a series of charts and tables were compiled that contain the total number of hate crimes …


User-Generated Collateral Data As Property: A Philosophical Argument For Implementing A Property Rights Framework For Data At The Global Human Rights Level, Aakruti Ganeshan 2022 University of Pennsylvania

User-Generated Collateral Data As Property: A Philosophical Argument For Implementing A Property Rights Framework For Data At The Global Human Rights Level, Aakruti Ganeshan

Honors Theses (PPE)

The advent of the digital age has borne a new economic ideology, termed “surveillance capitalism” by Shoshanna Zuboff, whereby technological corporations extract valuable behavioral insights from swaths of user-generated “collateral” data to amass profit. The employment of surveillance capitalist logic results in several pernicious harms to the individual and the collective. In this thesis, I argue that surveillance capitalism poses specific threats to freedom, autonomy, and distributive justice. Previous scholarship has conceptualized the right to data through the lens of privacy. However, I posit that a framework of property rights may be better suited to address surveillance capitalisms' threats. I …


China, Europe, And The Pandemic Recession: Beijing’S Investments And Transatlantic Security, John R. Deni, Chris Alden, Erik Brattberg, Roger Cliff, Mark Duckenfield, R. Evan Ellis, Nicholas Nelson, Lauren Speranza 2022 US Army War College

China, Europe, And The Pandemic Recession: Beijing’S Investments And Transatlantic Security, John R. Deni, Chris Alden, Erik Brattberg, Roger Cliff, Mark Duckenfield, R. Evan Ellis, Nicholas Nelson, Lauren Speranza

Monographs, Collaborative Studies, & IRPs

Given the depth and breadth of the pandemic-induced recession in Europe, private companies in need of capital and governments looking to shed state-owned enterprises may be tempted to sell shares, assets, or outright ownership to investors with liquidity to spare. Of greatest concern is the role that China might play in Europe, building Beijing’s soft power, weakening allied geopolitical solidarity, and potentially reprising the role it played in the 2010s, when its investments in Europe expanded dramatically. More specifically, there is concern over China’s investments in infrastructure and sensitive technologies relevant to American and allied military operations and capabilities.

Whether …


Terrorism: A Case Study Of The Global Security Threat Of Boko Haram And The Isis Alliance In Nigeria, Emmanuel Ben-Edet 2022 Texas Southern University

Terrorism: A Case Study Of The Global Security Threat Of Boko Haram And The Isis Alliance In Nigeria, Emmanuel Ben-Edet

Dissertations (2016-Present)

The literature on terrorism indicates that religion, cultures of origin, and environmental factors play globally critical roles in the emergence of terrorist groups worldwide. Terrorists use violence and threats to strike fear and intimidate people and governments into pursuing their religious, political, and ideological goals. One of the deadliest jihadist groups, Boko Haram, emerged in the early 2000s with a jihadist agenda mainly focused on Nigeria’s Islamization. In 2009, it launched violent attacks in Nigeria, which is Africa’s largest economy, and currently controls a large swathe of territory in its northeastern part. In its desire to create a caliphate, Boko …


Anger In The Overlooked: A Gendered Analysis Of The January 6, 2021 Capitol Hill Breach, Elizabeth Bender 2022 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Anger In The Overlooked: A Gendered Analysis Of The January 6, 2021 Capitol Hill Breach, Elizabeth Bender

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

The violence seen at the U.S. Capitol Building on January 6, 2021 has sparked concern at the threat of domestic violent extremism (DVE) within the United States. Over 700 individuals have been federally charged in connection with the events of January 6 including almost 100 women. Women’s involvement in DVE is underestimated and understudied. This project utilized a corpus of over 1,000 court documents to content code variables relating to violence and DVE affiliation for the individuals who have been federally charged in relation to January 6th. The results of the coding process were then used to compare the rates …


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