Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Defense and Security Studies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2786 Full-Text Articles 2001 Authors 718469 Downloads 106 Institutions

All Articles in Defense and Security Studies

Faceted Search

2786 full-text articles. Page 2 of 115.

Preparing Personnel For Safe And Effective Operation In Harsh And Volatile Environments, Rodney Pope, Rob Marc Orr, Matt Brearley, Richard Gorey, Shane Irving 2017 Bond University

Preparing Personnel For Safe And Effective Operation In Harsh And Volatile Environments, Rodney Pope, Rob Marc Orr, Matt Brearley, Richard Gorey, Shane Irving

Rob Marc Orr

Overview:

• Psychological preparation –Scott Gayton

• Injury risks & impacts –Rod Pope

• Security & protection of teams –Shane Irving

• Hot & humid conditions –Matt Brearley

• Preparing for field operations –Richard Gorey

• Load carriage –Rob Orr

• Wrap-Up & Panel Q & A –Rod Pope


Incidence Rates For Work Health And Safety Incidents And Injuries In Australian Army Reserve Vs Full Time Soldiers, And A Comparison Of Reporting Systems, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr 2017 Bond University

Incidence Rates For Work Health And Safety Incidents And Injuries In Australian Army Reserve Vs Full Time Soldiers, And A Comparison Of Reporting Systems, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr

Rob Marc Orr

Objective:

To determine incidence rates of reported work health and safety (WHS) incidents and injuries in Army Reserve (ARES) and Australian Regular Army (ARA) personnel and assess the relative performance of the WHS incident reporting system, compared to ‘point-of-care’ systems.

Methods:

WHS incident data for a 24-month period were extracted from a military database. Reported WHS incident and injury rates for both populations were calculated and compared. The WHS injury rates were compared with previously published injury incidence rates based on ‘point-of-care’ incident reporting in Army populations to ascertain relative performance of WHS and ‘point-of-care’ systems.

Results:

In both populations ...


Preparing Personnel For Safe And Effective Operation In Harsh And Volatile Environments, Rodney Pope, Rob Marc Orr, Matt Brearley, Richard Gorey, Shane Irving 2017 Bond University

Preparing Personnel For Safe And Effective Operation In Harsh And Volatile Environments, Rodney Pope, Rob Marc Orr, Matt Brearley, Richard Gorey, Shane Irving

Tactical Research Unit Conference papers

Overview:

• Psychological preparation –Scott Gayton

• Injury risks & impacts –Rod Pope

• Security & protection of teams –Shane Irving

• Hot & humid conditions –Matt Brearley

• Preparing for field operations –Richard Gorey

• Load carriage –Rob Orr

• Wrap-Up & Panel Q & A –Rod Pope


The Demilitarization Of Costa Rica, Patrick Buscone 2017 College of the Holy Cross

The Demilitarization Of Costa Rica, Patrick Buscone

Honors Theses

Costa Rica is one of the few developed countries in the world to be completely demilitarized. In the first chapter, this thesis explores why the country decided to demilitarize and how effective their demilitarization has been. Further statistical analysis is applied in Chapter 2 to determine the effect military spending has on growth in Latin America. With Costa Rica experiencing great stability and growth following their demilitarization and the statistical analysis showing military spending to have a negative impact on growth in Latin America, the third and final chapter explores other Latin American countries that could benefit from demilitarization.


The Impact Of Body Armor On Physical Performance Of Law Enforcement Personnel: A Systematic Review, Colin Tomes, Rob Marc Orr, Rodney Pope 2017 Bond University

The Impact Of Body Armor On Physical Performance Of Law Enforcement Personnel: A Systematic Review, Colin Tomes, Rob Marc Orr, Rodney Pope

Tactical Research Unit Publications

BACKGROUND:

The law enforcement officer profession requires performance of arduous occupational tasks while carrying an external load, consisting of, at minimum, a chest rig, a communication system, weaponry, handcuffs, personal protective equipment and a torch. The aim of this systematic review of the literature was to identify and critically appraise the methodological quality of published studies that have investigated the impacts of body armour on task performance and to synthesize and report key findings from these studies to inform law enforcement organizations.

METHODS:

Several literature databases (Medline, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, EMBAS) were searched using key search words and terms to identify ...


Too Much Democracy?: Trends In American Public Opinion Of Israel, Alexander Thomas 2017 Chapman University

Too Much Democracy?: Trends In American Public Opinion Of Israel, Alexander Thomas

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

This paper analyzes the factors that influence the American electorate’s support of Israel using data gleaned from the 2016 American National Election Study. Americans have formally recognized the state of Israel since 1948, starting 11 minutes after it declared its independence. Since then, American foreign policy has consistently endeavored to create and maintain a strong Israeli state in the Middle East. However, there is general agreement among foreign policy experts that such one-sided support for Israel has been both economically as well as strategically costly. According to experts, such support has at times contradicted the broader foreign policy goals ...


The Dream Act: A Retrospective On Immigration Policies Across Time And Nations, Ernest M. Oleksy 2017 Cleveland State University

The Dream Act: A Retrospective On Immigration Policies Across Time And Nations, Ernest M. Oleksy

The Downtown Review

The United States has a long tradition of assimilating diverse peoples into a shared culture and thus developing a transformative, holistic national identity. Despite this historical affinity for immigration, there have also been points during which rose issues with migrants entering the country illegally. Once this happens, politicians must decide how to deal with an influx of undocumented aliens. This paper focuses on amnesty acts, particularly ones past through the American Congress in the past century. The relationship between amnesty legislation and immigration flow will be investigated. Also, an exploration of European policies towards immigration will all be conducted in ...


Differences In Initial Fitness Scores Between Highway Patrol Cadets Who Successfully Complete Or Fail To Complete A 27-Week Training Academy, James Jay Dawes, Rob Orr, Charles Kornhauser, Kym Holmes, Ryan Holmes, Rodney Pope 2017 University of Colorado at Colorado Springs

Differences In Initial Fitness Scores Between Highway Patrol Cadets Who Successfully Complete Or Fail To Complete A 27-Week Training Academy, James Jay Dawes, Rob Orr, Charles Kornhauser, Kym Holmes, Ryan Holmes, Rodney Pope

Rob Marc Orr

Research suggests that law enforcement is primarily a sedentary occupation. However, officers may have to respond rapidly to unpredictable situations and this can dramatically increase their physiological loads. The aim of this study was to investigate the physiological demands placed on Australian state police officers carrying out operational tasks.


A Profile Of Injuries Sustained By Law Enforcement Officers: A Critical Review, Kate Lyons, Cameron Radburn, Robin Orr, Rodney Pope 2017 Bond University

A Profile Of Injuries Sustained By Law Enforcement Officers: A Critical Review, Kate Lyons, Cameron Radburn, Robin Orr, Rodney Pope

Rob Marc Orr

Due to the unpredictable, varied and often physical nature of law enforcement duties, police officers are at a high risk of work-related physical injury. The aim of this critical narrative review was to identify and synthesize key findings of studies that have investigated musculoskeletal injuries sustained by law enforcement officers during occupational tasks. A systematic search of four databases using key search terms was conducted to identify potentially relevant studies, which were assessed against key inclusion and exclusion criteria to determine studies to be included in the review. Included studies were critically appraised and the level of evidence determined. Relevant ...


Mass Surveillance And Terrorism: Does Prism Keep Americans Safer?, Tayler Houston 2017 University of Tennessee Knoxville

Mass Surveillance And Terrorism: Does Prism Keep Americans Safer?, Tayler Houston

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Unconventional Lawfare: Operational Law In The War On Terror, L. P. Miller 2017 College of the Holy Cross

Unconventional Lawfare: Operational Law In The War On Terror, L. P. Miller

Political Science Student Scholarship

This thesis examines the legal work required to establish a sufficient lawfare defense by focusing on the Department of Defense Judge Advocate Generals’ Corps (JAG Corps). The work will describe the JAG Corps as a well-trenched bureaucracy with a moral mission to uphold the military’s honor through laws, and how this was interpreted by the Bush and Obama administrations.


A Radical Idea: Applying Psychological Strategy To Combat Foreign Fighters Defending The Islamic State, David Michael Smaney 2017 Missouri State University

A Radical Idea: Applying Psychological Strategy To Combat Foreign Fighters Defending The Islamic State, David Michael Smaney

MSU Graduate Theses

This thesis focuses on the necessity of psychological strategies to combat the Islamic State’s recruitment of foreign fighters. This thesis argues that psychological strategies are a primary weapon due to the psychological nature of the war against the Islamic State, which is a part of the overall war of ideas. This thesis does not consider psychological strategies for other aspects of U.S. counterterrorism strategy, nor does it reflect the difficulties involved with developing U.S. strategies in the U.S. federal government. Furthermore, this thesis only focuses on foreign fighter defending and supporting the Islamic State, which is ...


International Law And The Use Of Lawfare: An Argument For The U.S. To Adopt A Lawfare Doctrine, Trevor Michael Alfred Logan 2017 Missouri State University

International Law And The Use Of Lawfare: An Argument For The U.S. To Adopt A Lawfare Doctrine, Trevor Michael Alfred Logan

MSU Graduate Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to develop a comprehensive operational definition of lawfare, analyze historical case studies of states currently implementing lawfare strategies, and to make an argument for why the U.S. should adopt a lawfare doctrine. Chapter 1 will focus on defining the concept of lawfare and drafting an operational definition of lawfare. Chapter 2 focuses on the evolution of the lawfare doctrine established by the People's Republic of China (PRC), identifies the current lawfare operations conducted by the PRC in the fields of maritime, airspace, cyberspace, and outer space, and analyzing the implications of PRC ...


Constrained Cognition: Information Management And The Practical Limits Of Nuclear Escalation Control, Luke James O'Brien 2017 Missouri State University

Constrained Cognition: Information Management And The Practical Limits Of Nuclear Escalation Control, Luke James O'Brien

MSU Graduate Theses

Nuclear escalation control theory rests on the idea that decision makers, in a limited nuclear war scenario, will choose their actions based on a rational assessment of the available information. That information essentially consists of intelligence reports about one's adversary and information reporting the status of one's own forces' ability to execute offensive actions and the damage level of vital national targets. Yet the practical limits of managing the flow and quality of this information, coupled with the fog and friction inherent in human analyses, significantly affect the decision-making process vis-à-vis nuclear escalation. Hence, these limitations cast a ...


Energy Transformation: Examining How Nuclear And Solar Power Could Enhance Stability In The Middle East Region And Implications For U.S. Policy, Brett Matthew Roenigk 2017 Missouri State University

Energy Transformation: Examining How Nuclear And Solar Power Could Enhance Stability In The Middle East Region And Implications For U.S. Policy, Brett Matthew Roenigk

MSU Graduate Theses

The U.S. Department of Energy projects that rapid growth in population and access to domestic resources will cause the Middle East's energy consumption to increase by 95% from 2012 to 2040. Currently, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates do not have enough installed power capacity to handle this increase in consumption. Due to this, these states are looking to solar and nuclear power to diversify their energy sectors. This thesis' focus is to examine the impending energy demand crisis that will affect Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Jordan. I argue that solar and ...


Human Trafficking: A Global Tragedy In Five Acts, Cynthia Rhiannon Knight 2017 Missouri State University

Human Trafficking: A Global Tragedy In Five Acts, Cynthia Rhiannon Knight

MSU Graduate Theses

Transnational security is an emerging sub-field within the broader scope of international relations. Human trafficking is a wide-spread but rarely emphasized threat to global security with powerful transnational dimensions. This type of crime threatens security at all levels of society. At the individual level, the victims of trafficking are abused, tortured, and experience incredible trauma. The traffickers themselves exploit weaknesses at the state level, either leveraging lack of political will or corrupt officials into their schemes to make more money, or by circumventing lax laws entirely. States have serious power to affect change at this level, particularly in the realm ...


Beyond The Protective Effect: Towards A Theory Of Harm For Information Communication Technologies In Mass Atrocity Response, Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, Nathaniel A. Raymond 2017 University of Oslo

Beyond The Protective Effect: Towards A Theory Of Harm For Information Communication Technologies In Mass Atrocity Response, Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, Nathaniel A. Raymond

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) are now being employed as a standard part of mass atrocity response, evidence collection, and research by non-governmental organizations, governments, and the private sector. Deployment of these tools and techniques occur for a variety of stated reasons, most notably the ostensible goal of “protecting” vulnerable populations. However, these often experimental applications of ICTs and digital data are occurring in the absence of agreed normative frameworks and accepted theory to guide their ethical and responsible use. This article surveys the current state-of-the-art of ICT use in mass atrocity response and research to identify harms and hazards inherent ...


Australian Government Information Resources, Bert Chapman 2017 Purdue University

Australian Government Information Resources, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Provides an overview of Australian Government information resources. Features content from Australian Government agency websites such as the Department of Environment and Energy, Department of Defence, Australian National Maritime Museum, ANZAC Memorial in Sydney, Department of Immigration & Border Protection, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Dept. of Agriculture and Water Resources, Australian Parliament, Australian Treasury, Australian Transport Safety Board, and Australian Parliamentary Library. Content includes a video excerpt from Australian parliamentary debate.


Us Aid In The Arab World Fact Checking Us Democratization Rhetoric Against Reality, Nicholas Canfield 2017 Illinois State University

Us Aid In The Arab World Fact Checking Us Democratization Rhetoric Against Reality, Nicholas Canfield

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development

Many factors have been used to explain durable authoritarianism in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), and one of the most important external influences of MENA governments’ structure is support from the United States. The US balances security concerns and democratization rhetoric in the region, but much literature promotes that security concerns are the most important factor for US support in MENA. Using US aid as a proxy for US support, this study finds that US aid actually increases democratization in MENA, and counterintuitively, aid to MENA military and police forces seems to have a stronger democratization effect than ...


Information Use And Quality Service Of The Nigerian Police, Olajumoke R. Olawoyin,, Ezinwanyi Madukoma DR., Ugwunwa Chinyere Esse 2017 Covenant University

Information Use And Quality Service Of The Nigerian Police, Olajumoke R. Olawoyin,, Ezinwanyi Madukoma Dr., Ugwunwa Chinyere Esse

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Information use of police force occurs when information acquired by the police to satisfy an information need based on task assigned to them is actually put to use. Information is therefore useful and valuable if after receiving it, it changes things, decisions, behaviour or one’s character and solves the problem for which the information is sought.

Survey research design was adopted for the study. The study population comprised 2,305 police officers in Alimosho Local Government Police Division. Stratified random sampling method was used to select 227 police officers. Questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Data collected ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress