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Bosnia And Herzegovina: Itf Enhancing Human Security Perspective 20 Years After The Conflict, Gregor Sancanin 2017 International Trust Fund for Demining and Mine Victims Assistance

Bosnia And Herzegovina: Itf Enhancing Human Security Perspective 20 Years After The Conflict, Gregor Sancanin

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

ITF Enhancing Human Security has worked in Southeast Europe’s post-conflict countries since 1998. In states affected by the break-up of Yugoslavia such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, ITF works to support the country’s fulfillment of the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC).


The Early Years Of Demining In Bosnia And Herzegovina: Transfer To National Ownership, Ian Mansfield 2017 GICHD

The Early Years Of Demining In Bosnia And Herzegovina: Transfer To National Ownership, Ian Mansfield

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

After the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords on 14 December 1995, the newly formed Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina requested that the United Nations set up and manage a mine clearance program. However, it soon became clear that the government should take responsibility and ownership of the program.

The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina took place between April 1992 and October 1995. While the causes of the war and what happened are extremely complicated, Bosnian Serbs encircled Sarajevo and imposed a blockade, while ‘ethnic cleansing’ operations were undertaken by all sides in towns and villages throughout ...


Do No Harm: The Challenge Of Protecting Civilians From The Ied Threat In South-Central Somalia, Abigail Jones 2017 Gender and Mine Action Programme

Do No Harm: The Challenge Of Protecting Civilians From The Ied Threat In South-Central Somalia, Abigail Jones

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

In many countries, improvised explosive devices (IED), including improvised landmines, now constitute more of a threat to civilians than factory-manufactured landmines and other conventional weapons. The Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor 2016 reported that the total number of casualties from victim-operated IEDs, which act in a similar manner to anti-personnel mines, increased from 1,075 in 2014 to 1,331 in 2015, the highest annual total of IED casualties recorded since 1999.1 In response to this, humanitarian mine action organizations are expanding their scope of activities to include IED awareness for civilians either as a stand-alone activity or by ...


Mag: Clearing Improvised Landmines In Iraq, Chris Loughran, Sean Sutton 2017 MAG (Mines Advisory Group)

Mag: Clearing Improvised Landmines In Iraq, Chris Loughran, Sean Sutton

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

MAG’s recent experience in the Middle East has shown that clearing improvised landmines can be achieved even in the most complex humanitarian contexts. It is imperative that detail and specificity is given to discussions on improvised devices if we are to avoid negative repercussions for the safety of beneficiaries and humanitarian workers.


Improvised Explosive Devices (Ied): A Humanitarian Mine Action Perspective, Robert Keeley 2017 RK Consulting, Ltd.

Improvised Explosive Devices (Ied): A Humanitarian Mine Action Perspective, Robert Keeley

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Readers of this Journal need no schooling in the acceleration of the use of improvised explosive devices (IED) over the last 20 years. However, what has become obvious in the last few years is the degree to which the spheres of counter-IED (C-IED) and humanitarian mine action (HMA) now overlap. Danish Demining Group (DDG), for example, recently calculated that an estimated 67 percent of the countries where DDG is present also have an IED problem. In countries such as Afghanistan, IEDs are now the major cause of explosive-related casualties among the general population, the very constituents nongovernment organizations (NGO) and ...


From The Director, CISR JMU 2017 James Madison University

From The Director, Cisr Jmu

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

As we endeavor to make The Journal a forum of information and ideas for the conventional weapons destruction community, we look at the threat improvised explosive devices (IED) pose in countries around the world. Increasingly, humanitarian organizations are widening their scope to account for the prevalence of IEDs. The need for clear communication across humanitarian mine action and counter-IED (C-IED) operational lines is evident.


The Journal Of Conventional Weapons Destruction Issue 21.1, CISR JMU 2017 James Madison University

The Journal Of Conventional Weapons Destruction Issue 21.1, Cisr Jmu

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Feature: Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) and Pressure Plate IED's

Spotlight: Bosnia and Herzegovina 2- years later

Field Notes

Research and Development


Rethinking Baloch Secularism: What The Data Say, C. Christine Fair, Ali Hamza 2017 Georgetown University

Rethinking Baloch Secularism: What The Data Say, C. Christine Fair, Ali Hamza

Peace and Conflict Studies

Since 1947, Baloch have resisted inclusion into the Pakistan and have waged several waves of ethno-nationalist insurgency against the state. Scholars and Baloch nationalist leaders alike generally assert that Baloch are more secular than other Pakistanis, more opposed to the political Islamist policies pursued by the state, and less supportive of Islamist militancy in the country. However, these claims lack empirical support. We employ data derived from a large national survey of Pakistanis from 2012 to evaluate these conventional wisdoms. Contrary to claims in the literature, we find that Baloch resemble Pakistanis generally with few important exceptions


Miedo Y Multilateralismo: Chile Y México En El Consejo De Seguridad De Las Naciones Unidas Antes De La Invasión De Irak De 2003, Amanda K. Krehbiel 2017 Gettysburg College

Miedo Y Multilateralismo: Chile Y México En El Consejo De Seguridad De Las Naciones Unidas Antes De La Invasión De Irak De 2003, Amanda K. Krehbiel

Student Publications

En este proyecto, exploro la pregunta: ¿cuál fue la motivación de los gobiernos de Chile y México para votar en contra de los EEUU y que fue el efecto de tales acciones en sus relaciones políticos con los Estados Unidos? Investigo documentos oficiales de la ONU, archivos de periódicos, y documentos publicados por las embajadas de los EEUU, Chile, y México. Esta pregunta está en el contexto de la Guerra con Irak en 2003. Examino este tema en el contexto de la Guerra con Irak en 2003. En las semanas antes de la Invasión, en el 19 de marzo de ...


The Key Factors Of Combat Uniforms That Contribute To Increasing Casualties In Modern Warfare, Michaela M. Judy 2017 Michaela Marie Judy

The Key Factors Of Combat Uniforms That Contribute To Increasing Casualties In Modern Warfare, Michaela M. Judy

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Introduction

Combat uniforms are meant to protect our troops from the dangers they face on the battlefield. While there is gear designed specifically to protect service members from bullets, these pieces have not been designed with recent combat environments in mind. After conducting several interviews, with veterans and current soldiers, the recommendations suggested to me were to create a uniform that was more durable and breathable. Soldiers were more concerned about these areas of the uniform the most.

Method

I analyzed the casualty statistics, which allowed me to understand what caused the most injuries on the battlefield, and that the ...


Social Psychology Of Public Defenders: A Qualitative Study, Michael W. Firmin, Kari E. Barnhill, Hannah W. Foster, Ying-Ruey Chuang, D. Elise Lawrence 2017 Cedarville University

Social Psychology Of Public Defenders: A Qualitative Study, Michael W. Firmin, Kari E. Barnhill, Hannah W. Foster, Ying-Ruey Chuang, D. Elise Lawrence

Michael W. Firmin, Ph.D.

The right to an attorney is a one to which all U.S. citizens are entitled, in conjunction with the constitution's sixth amendment. Difficulty arose when people who were unable to provide necessary funds to hire a lawyer and, subsequently, went into trial pro se. Resolution was met with the creation of the public defense system -- a system which is unfortunately understudied, and sometimes regarded in a negative light, including a negative perception that public defense is a broken system. This belief sometimes bleeds into the minds of potential clients who may believe a public defender is not sufficiently ...


A Profile Of Injuries Sustained By Law Enforcement Officers: A Critical Review, Kate Lyons, Cameron Radburn, Robin Orr, Rodney Pope 2017 Bond University

A Profile Of Injuries Sustained By Law Enforcement Officers: A Critical Review, Kate Lyons, Cameron Radburn, Robin Orr, Rodney Pope

Tactical Research Unit Publications

Due to the unpredictable, varied and often physical nature of law enforcement duties, police officers are at a high risk of work-related physical injury. The aim of this critical narrative review was to identify and synthesize key findings of studies that have investigated musculoskeletal injuries sustained by law enforcement officers during occupational tasks. A systematic search of four databases using key search terms was conducted to identify potentially relevant studies, which were assessed against key inclusion and exclusion criteria to determine studies to be included in the review. Included studies were critically appraised and the level of evidence determined. Relevant ...


The East China Sea In Dod China Military Power Reports, Bert Chapman 2017 Purdue University

The East China Sea In Dod China Military Power Reports, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

The National Defense Authorization Act of 2000 saw Congress require the Department of Defense (DOD) to prepare an annual report on Chinese military power. This report contains classified and unclassified editions. Documenting Chinese military developments, strategy, and trends are critical parts of these reports. Beijing’s military activities in the East China Sea (ECS) are important report components. This work explains the importance of these and other DOD reports for those studying ECS developments, examines how DOD has documented Beijing’s military activities within these publicly accessible reports, and describes how members of Congress have reacted to ECS developments during ...


The Challenge Of Protecting Transit And Passenger Rail: Understanding How Security Works Against Terrorism, Brian Michael Jenkins 2017 National Transportation Safety and Security Center, Mineta Transportation Institute

The Challenge Of Protecting Transit And Passenger Rail: Understanding How Security Works Against Terrorism, Brian Michael Jenkins

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

Terrorists see transit and passenger rail as an attractive target. Designed for public convenience, trains and stations offer terrorists easy access to crowds of people in confined environments where there are minimal security risks and attacks can cause high casualties. This report examines the unique attributes of the terrorist threat, how security measures against terrorism have evolved over the years, and their overall effectiveness.

Does security work? Empirical evidence is hard to come by. Terrorist incidents are statistically rare and random, making it difficult to discern effects. The fact that terrorists focus most of their attacks on targets with little ...


Thriving In The Online Environment: Creating Structures To Promote Technology And Civil Liberties, Daniel W. Sutherland 2017 U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Thriving In The Online Environment: Creating Structures To Promote Technology And Civil Liberties, Daniel W. Sutherland

Catholic University Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


U.S.-China Economic And Security Review Commission: Emerging Factor In Western Pacific Strategic Policy Analysis, Bert Chapman 2017 Purdue University

U.S.-China Economic And Security Review Commission: Emerging Factor In Western Pacific Strategic Policy Analysis, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Those studying and analyzing Western Pacific strategic trends and develop- ments have access to multiple unclassified analyses of security trends in this region covering these waters and adjacent countries. These information resources are produced by military and government agencies from multiple countries, multinational public policy research institutions, popular and scholarly journals, and Internet resources featuring text, data, webcasts, and imagery. One of these resources is the U.S.–China Economic and Security Review Commission established in the 2001 National Defense Authorization Act. This article argues that this organization’s analyses should be considered essential reading by civilian and military policymakers ...


Tactical Load Carriage: Impacts And Conditioning, Rob Orr, Rodney Pope 2017 Bond University

Tactical Load Carriage: Impacts And Conditioning, Rob Orr, Rodney Pope

Tactical Research Unit Conference papers

Tactical athletes (military, law enforcement and firefighters) are required to carry heavy external loads as part of their occupation - as are several other occupations and sporting athletes. Uniquely this session will merge science and practical application to minimise the risk of injury caused by load carriage and optimise performance. Factors influencing tactical load carriage, from load weight to environment, will be examined as will the negative impacts of load carriage to the athlete and their performance. The session will conclude with a ready-to-apply load carriage conditioning framework that is evidence-based and has been tried and tested in tactical populations


Societybuilding & Autonomous Collaboration: The Rojava Revolution And Statebuilding In The Middle East, Elena Moreland 2017 University of Colorado, Boulder

Societybuilding & Autonomous Collaboration: The Rojava Revolution And Statebuilding In The Middle East, Elena Moreland

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Statebuilding, as it is currently understood, is not a sustainable policy because it is based on the premise that foreign actors have the ability to structure societies other than their own. This is the logic of imperialism. Instead, I propose two models, working in tandem, as an alternative to statebuilding. I will refer to them as Societybuilding & Autonomous Collaboration (SAC). Societybuilding stands in direct opposition to statebuilding. While it shares the goal of creating a sustainable society, it is a grassroots movement driven by locals, rather than a practice undertaken by international entities. The second component of SAC is autonomous ...


Bread, Freedom, And Social Justice: The Role Of Climate Change In The Egyptian Revolution, Melpomene Vasiliou 2017 University of Colorado, Boulder

Bread, Freedom, And Social Justice: The Role Of Climate Change In The Egyptian Revolution, Melpomene Vasiliou

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The issue of climate change in society and within the government has not received the necessary attention to drive forward with the appropriate policies that combat climate change and its impacts. This thesis examines the intersection of climate science and violent uprisings via a case study of Egypt. I frame the issue through a security lens by connecting the effects of climate change on the physical land of Egypt to the political and social problems brought to light during the Arab Spring. I argue that the causal connection between climate change and violent uprisings is made through an examination of ...


A National Security Threat: Washington's Conflicting Response To Climate Change In Northern Pakistan, Katherine Henjum 2017 University of Colorado, Boulder

A National Security Threat: Washington's Conflicting Response To Climate Change In Northern Pakistan, Katherine Henjum

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Developing countries such as Pakistan are particularly susceptible to the negative implications of changing climates as they face regional and in-country terrorism and violence, as well as infrastructure and government institutions that are still evolving. This thesis examines the intersection of climate change and national security through an analysis of shifting monsoon patterns and the subsequent impacts on vulnerable and displaced populations in northern Pakistan.

Over the past decade, the United States has chosen to act through two primary foreign policy methods: a military oriented approach focused on drone strikes and a humanitarian approach focused on foreign aid and development ...


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