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Sros In The State Of Alabama: Primary Functions And The Perception Of Meaningful Work, Adam Andrews 2022 University of South Alabama

Sros In The State Of Alabama: Primary Functions And The Perception Of Meaningful Work, Adam Andrews

Theses and Dissertations

In response to mass school shootings and other violent acts committed on school grounds, some school systems have turned to introducing or expanding police presence on school campuses. However, police and school culture, expectations, and norms are not always compatible and are sometimes even at odds with each other. Excessive force by School Resource Officers (SROs); law-enforcement officers who work in the school setting, has prompted calls for police reform or complete SRO removal from school campuses. This research project sought to identify the activities of SROs in the state of Alabama, explore the level of meaning SROs perceive in …


Deconstructing Saudi Arabia’S Foreign Aid Motives To Yemen, Ghita Fadhila Andrini, Taufik Hidayat, Dina Yulianti 2022 Department of International Relations, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Deconstructing Saudi Arabia’S Foreign Aid Motives To Yemen, Ghita Fadhila Andrini, Taufik Hidayat, Dina Yulianti

Global: Jurnal Politik Internasional

This research assesses the motives of Saudi Arabia’s aid to Yemen. Saudi Arabia has been the most significant donor to the country whilst threatening humanitarian conditions in Yemen through its military intervention. Thus, this research aims to unveil the Kingdom’s reasons to provide foreign aid to Yemen whilst doing the military intervention. This research uses the seven foreign aid frames according to Veen (2011) to analyse possible interest implied in the Kingdom’s foreign aid delivery to Yemen. The method used in this research is a literature review by analysing the Kingdom’s official statements published on the government's official websites and …


Questioning China’S Peaceful Development: A Mahanian Sea Power Analysis Of Blue Water Navy Accumulation, Patricia Patricia, Putu Agung Nara I.P. Satya 2022 Parahyangan Catholic University

Questioning China’S Peaceful Development: A Mahanian Sea Power Analysis Of Blue Water Navy Accumulation, Patricia Patricia, Putu Agung Nara I.P. Satya

Global: Jurnal Politik Internasional

China has been rapidly accumulating naval capabilities for nearly 4 decades with the ambition of pursuing blue-water-navy forces through its People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). With its peaceful development policy, the acquisition of such powers has been interpreted as an anomaly and therefore resulted in an increase of security dilemmas between states. In the quest for explanations behind China’s actions, multiple scholars have examined this phenomenon by utilizing offensive realism, defensive realism, and Tirpitzian non-hegemonic naval theory. Thus, this paper brings another perspective by applying the Mahanian Sea Power approach. Consequently, the analysis established that China’s pursuit of blue-water-navy is …


Between The Regional And The National Level: East Asian Security Dynamics And Abe's Legacy On Japan's Civil-Military Relations, Januar Aditya Pratama, Arfin Sudirman 2022 Universitas Padjadjaran

Between The Regional And The National Level: East Asian Security Dynamics And Abe's Legacy On Japan's Civil-Military Relations, Januar Aditya Pratama, Arfin Sudirman

Global: Jurnal Politik Internasional

Since Prime Minister Shinzo Abe began his second term in office in 2012, there have been significant changes in the position of the Japanese military in the country's hierarchy. The change that was occurred almost simultaneously with the increasing threat in the East Asian region since the end of the Cold War, made as a pretext by PM Abe to reform Japan's defence structure. Based on the two factors, this study seeks to find out how the influence of the pattern of relations between countries in the East Asian security complex can affect the pattern of Japanese civil-military relations. This …


Bureaucratic Resistance And The Challenge Of Implementing Asean Our Eyes: Case Study Of Jolo Church Bombing 2019, Chaula Rininta Anindya 2022 Ritsumeikan University, Japan

Bureaucratic Resistance And The Challenge Of Implementing Asean Our Eyes: Case Study Of Jolo Church Bombing 2019, Chaula Rininta Anindya

Global: Jurnal Politik Internasional

Arus Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTF) memicu kekhawatiran dunia, termasuk negara-negara di Asia Tenggara. Pada tahun 2017, Indonesia mengajukan inisiatif “Our Eyes” untuk menciptakan sebuah wadah bagi negara-negara ASEAN untuk bertukar informasi intelijen guna memberantas kegiatan terorisme transnasional. Inisiatif tersebut kemudian diubah menjadi “ASEAN Our Eyes” (AOE). Tetapi, beberapa tahun setelah dibentuknya inisiatif tersebut, terjadi peristiwa pengeboman gereja di Jolo, Filipina. Inisiden tersebut menunjukkan hambatan untuk mengimplementasikan inisiatif AOE. Pelaku diidentifikasi sebagai Warga Negara Indonesia yang berhasil masuk ke Filipina berkat bantuan jaringan teroris lokal di Filipina. Idealnya, inisiatif AOE dapat mencegah serangan tersebut. Artikel ini akan mendiskusikan dinamika domestik di …


Challenges And Security Strategies Of China’S Critical Metals Supply For Carbon Neutrality Pledge, Weiqiang CHEN, Peng WANG, Weiqiong ZHONG 2022 CAS Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China Research Center for Strategy of Global Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Challenges And Security Strategies Of China’S Critical Metals Supply For Carbon Neutrality Pledge, Weiqiang Chen, Peng Wang, Weiqiong Zhong

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The grand transition to low-carbon energy system is essential to bend the growing carbon emission and further achieve the dual carbon goals. Critical metals such as rare earth elements, lithium, cobalt, nickel, and platinum are widely considered as the material base to support low-carbon technologies. However, given the supply of those metals are scarce and risky, the emerging conflicts between their supply and demand have spurred global attention and competition among countries. This study aims to explore the linkage between critical metals and low-carbon energy systems with a particular focus on the bottlenecks of China's supply chains of those critical …


Security Of China’S Strategic And Critical Minerals Under Background Of Great Power Competition, Anjian WANG, Xiaojing YUAN 2022 Global Mineral Resources Strategy Research Center, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China

Security Of China’S Strategic And Critical Minerals Under Background Of Great Power Competition, Anjian Wang, Xiaojing Yuan

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Strategic and critical minerals are a type of resource that is essential to the country's economic development, indispensable to strategic emerging industries, and closely related to geopolitics. The types of strategic and critical minerals show some laws of spatial-temporal evolution due to the different stages of national economic development, economic structure and global industrial division of labor. Especially since the new century, with the rapid development of strategic emerging industries such as information technology, artificial intelligence and renewable energy, the connotation of strategic critical minerals has been continuously extended and closely connected with the industrial chain, highlighting its important position …


Analysis Of Critical Mineral Strategies Of Us And Eu And Their Enlightenment To China, 2022 Chinese Academy of Sciences

Analysis Of Critical Mineral Strategies Of Us And Eu And Their Enlightenment To China

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

As the world's major consumers of critical minerals and China's primary competitors, US and the EU have developed comprehensive and systematic critical mineral strategies, which have significant impact on China's resource security. To assist in developing China's critical mineral strategy, by thoroughly examining the critical mineral strategies of US and EU, this study finds their strategic attempts to slow China's development, summarizes their characteristics in the preparation, implementation mechanism, and main strategic measures, and, based on this, proposes suggestions for raising the safety level of China's critical minerals.


Recycling Of Critical Metals In Green And Low-Carbon Transition: Strategies And Countermeasures, Gang LIU, Litao LIU, Xin OUYANG, Qiance LIU, Xiang LI, Qiang YAN 2022 College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China

Recycling Of Critical Metals In Green And Low-Carbon Transition: Strategies And Countermeasures, Gang Liu, Litao Liu, Xin Ouyang, Qiance Liu, Xiang Li, Qiang Yan

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

As green and low-carbon transition has gained world-wide recognition and become the inherent requirement of fully building a modern socialist China, the consumption of critical metals will increase drastically in the next decades. Meanwhile, this will mean a continually increasing potential of critical metals recycling. Facing changes and pandemic unseen in a century and increasing geopolitical conflicts, it has become a strategic consensus on the national security level for Western countries like the United States and Europe Union to acknowledge and enhance the role of recycling in secure provision of critical metals. Here, in this study, we have discussed the …


China’S Rare Earth Supply And Demand Pattern And Balanced Utilization Strategy From Perspective Of Elements, Tao DAI, Tianming GAO, Bojie WEN 2022 Research Center for Strategy of Global Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China

China’S Rare Earth Supply And Demand Pattern And Balanced Utilization Strategy From Perspective Of Elements, Tao Dai, Tianming Gao, Bojie Wen

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Rare earth is one of the key minerals in the global competition. At present, the global rare earth resources and supply pattern are changing, and Western countries are actively building a supply chain to replace China. This paper describes the evolution of China's rare earth supply and demand pattern from the perspective of elements, analyzes the dislocation of supply and demand of China's rare earth elements and the challenges it faces under the great changes, and puts forward the balanced utilization strategy of rare earth elements, which provides an optimization plan for promoting the globalization of the industrial chain and …


Why Do Senior Officers Sometimes Fail In Character? The Leaky Character Reservoir, Everett S.P. Spain, Katie E. Matthew, Andrew L. Hagemaster 2022 US Army War College

Why Do Senior Officers Sometimes Fail In Character? The Leaky Character Reservoir, Everett S.P. Spain, Katie E. Matthew, Andrew L. Hagemaster

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

This article argues senior officers may fail in character because their rate of character development throughout their careers typically decreases as environmental stressors rise. It conceptualizes character as an open system with both gains and leaks over time and integrates existing scholarship on personality and ethical development to create the Leaky Character Reservoir framework, which it then applies to Army officers’ careers. Military leaders will gain a new understanding of character and find specific actions officers, units, and the US Army can undertake to strengthen the character of its senior officers.


Parameters Winter Issue 2022-23, USAWC Press 2022 US Army War College

Parameters Winter Issue 2022-23, Usawc Press

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

No abstract provided.


What Ukraine Taught Nato About Hybrid Warfare, Sarah J. Lohmann, Chuck Benson, Vytautas Butrimas, Georgios Giannoulis, Gabriel Raicu, Michael Bervell, Milagro Castilleja, Chris Clyde, Christopher J. Eaton, Alex Elmore, Ryan Fisk, Erin Hodges, Frank J. Kuzminski, Vishwa Padigepati, Caitlin Quirk, Brenton M. Riddle, Shuo Zhang, Lucas Cox, Samira Oakes 2022 US Army War College

What Ukraine Taught Nato About Hybrid Warfare, Sarah J. Lohmann, Chuck Benson, Vytautas Butrimas, Georgios Giannoulis, Gabriel Raicu, Michael Bervell, Milagro Castilleja, Chris Clyde, Christopher J. Eaton, Alex Elmore, Ryan Fisk, Erin Hodges, Frank J. Kuzminski, Vishwa Padigepati, Caitlin Quirk, Brenton M. Riddle, Shuo Zhang, Lucas Cox, Samira Oakes

Monographs, Collaborative Studies, & IRPs

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in 2022 forced the United States and its NATO partners to be confronted with the impact of hybrid warfare far beyond the battlefield. Targeting Europe’s energy security, Russia’s malign influence campaigns and malicious cyber intrusions are affecting global gas prices, driving up food costs, disrupting supply chains and grids, and testing US and Allied military mobility. This study examines how hybrid warfare is being used by NATO’s adversaries, what vulnerabilities in energy security exist across the Alliance, and what mitigation strategies are available to the member states.

Cyberattacks targeting the renewable energy landscape during Europe’s green …


Enabling Nato’S Collective Defense: Critical Infrastructure Security And Resiliency (Nato Coe-Dat Handbook 1), Carol V. Evans, Chris Anderson, Malcom Baker, Ronald Bearse, Salih Biçakci, Steve Bieber, Sungbaek Cho, Adrian Dwyer, Geoffrey French, David Harell, Alessandro Lazari, Raymond Mey, Theresa Sabonis-Helf, Duane Verner 2022 US Army War College

Enabling Nato’S Collective Defense: Critical Infrastructure Security And Resiliency (Nato Coe-Dat Handbook 1), Carol V. Evans, Chris Anderson, Malcom Baker, Ronald Bearse, Salih Biçakci, Steve Bieber, Sungbaek Cho, Adrian Dwyer, Geoffrey French, David Harell, Alessandro Lazari, Raymond Mey, Theresa Sabonis-Helf, Duane Verner

Monographs, Collaborative Studies, & IRPs

In 2014 NATO’s Centre of Excellence-Defence Against Terrorism (COE-DAT) launched the inaugural course on “Critical Infrastructure Protection Against Terrorist Attacks.” As this course garnered increased attendance and interest, the core lecturer team felt the need to update the course in critical infrastructure (CI) taking into account the shift from an emphasis on “protection” of CI assets to “security and resiliency.” What was lacking in the fields of academe, emergency management, and the industry practitioner community was a handbook that leveraged the collective subject matter expertise of the core lecturer team, a handbook that could serve to educate government leaders, state …


Maritime Security In The Gulf Of Guinea With Emphasis On Nigeria., Badaru Garba 2022 World Maritime University

Maritime Security In The Gulf Of Guinea With Emphasis On Nigeria., Badaru Garba

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Policy Evaluation On Implementation Of Isps Code In The Nigerian Maritime Industry, Mohammed Kabir Umar 2022 World Maritime University

Policy Evaluation On Implementation Of Isps Code In The Nigerian Maritime Industry, Mohammed Kabir Umar

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Exploring A Case For A Common Doctrine For The Asian Coast Guard Agencies, Arachchillage Nishantha Danansooriya 2022 World Maritime University

Exploring A Case For A Common Doctrine For The Asian Coast Guard Agencies, Arachchillage Nishantha Danansooriya

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Assessing Maritime Cyber Security Awareness In Navies Of The Gulf Of Guinea Countries: A Case Study Of Ghana, Kwadwo Forson-Adaboh 2022 World Maritime University

Assessing Maritime Cyber Security Awareness In Navies Of The Gulf Of Guinea Countries: A Case Study Of Ghana, Kwadwo Forson-Adaboh

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Assessing The Effectiveness Of Maritime Centres In The Context Of The Implementation Of The Code Of Conduct Concerning The Repression Of Piracy, Armed Robbery Against Ships And Illicit Maritime Activity In West And Central Africa (Yaounde Code Of Conduct), Richardis Kali Anabia-Tiah 2022 World Maritime University

Assessing The Effectiveness Of Maritime Centres In The Context Of The Implementation Of The Code Of Conduct Concerning The Repression Of Piracy, Armed Robbery Against Ships And Illicit Maritime Activity In West And Central Africa (Yaounde Code Of Conduct), Richardis Kali Anabia-Tiah

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Examining The Threat Of Piracy And Armed Robbery Against Ships In The Sibutu Passage And Surrounding Sea Areas, Euphraim Jayson Diciano 2022 World Maritime University

Examining The Threat Of Piracy And Armed Robbery Against Ships In The Sibutu Passage And Surrounding Sea Areas, Euphraim Jayson Diciano

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


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