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What Makes You Happy? Predicting Wellbeing In Nicaraguan Adolescents And Young Adults, Daniel A. Rodriguez 2019 George Fox University

What Makes You Happy? Predicting Wellbeing In Nicaraguan Adolescents And Young Adults, Daniel A. Rodriguez

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

The present study sought to identify significant predictors of wellbeing within a sample of 2,764 high school and university students in Nicaragua, a country where significant stressful events and suicide are common. Ages ranged from 11-22 years (M = 16.63, SD = 2.85), and 60.3% identified as female. Measures used include the Personal Wellbeing Index, the Child and Youth Resilience Measure, the Patient Health Questionnaire-4, and demographic questions. Parent occupations were coded using the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08). A multiple regression was conducted to identify five core variables that combined to predict approximately 30% of the ...


The Relationship Between Religious Background Of Those Who Disaffiliate From Religion And Presence Of Anxiety, Timothy B. Sellers 2019 Georgia Southern University

The Relationship Between Religious Background Of Those Who Disaffiliate From Religion And Presence Of Anxiety, Timothy B. Sellers

University Honors Program Theses

Religion plays a significant role in the personality and worldview of a many individuals. It can provide one with personal benefits such as coping mechanisms, a framework for meaning-making, and a source of motivation, while also providing social support through connections with others having the same religious beliefs. The removal of said benefits through disaffiliation from a religious identity may lead to distress or anxiety. While much research has been done sociologically regarding the increasing number of people who do not affiliate with a religious group, much less has been done to analyze the individual experience of religious disaffiliation and ...


The Ethical And Emotional Benefits Of Reducing Self-Focus Through Mindfulness, Emma Loftus 2019 Claremont Colleges

The Ethical And Emotional Benefits Of Reducing Self-Focus Through Mindfulness, Emma Loftus

Scripps Senior Theses

This proposed study was inspired by the concept in Aristotle’s virtue ethics theory that a good life is necessarily an ethical one. The following work intends to expand previous literature on this topic by exploring an accessible potential method through which ethicality (and thus, well-being) can be increased, and also a possible explanation of how this process might occur. Past research has indicated that mindfulness training can increase both prosociality and well-being, and additionally that higher ethicality is connected to higher well-being. Reduced self-focus has been found to mediate these relationships. The proposed 30 day study makes use of ...


Regional Implicit Bias In Relation To Contact And Threat Theories, Maya Martinko 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Regional Implicit Bias In Relation To Contact And Threat Theories, Maya Martinko

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Two complementary theories attempt to explain differences in people’s attitudes towards other groups in various contexts. The intergroup contact hypothesis predicts a decrease in racial prejudice as a result of increased positive contact with out-group members. The group threat hypothesis, on the other hand, claims that majority populations will show increased prejudicial attitudes when they perceive that their majority status is threatened. The current research utilizes the outcome of region-level implicit bias to test these two theories. The intergroup contact hypothesis was tested by regressing average county bias scores from a first-person shooter task on counties’ proportions of Black ...


Started From The Future Now We're Here: The Effect Of Planning Direction On Motivation, Kaylee Boulton 2019 Wilfrid Laurier University

Started From The Future Now We're Here: The Effect Of Planning Direction On Motivation, Kaylee Boulton

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Planning for a future goal in reverse chronological order (i.e., backward planning) can result in increased task motivation for relatively specific, short-term goals, such as academic assignments (Park et al., 2017). Although sometimes backward planning is advocated for shorter-term, concrete event planning (e.g., planning a project timeline), it is also promoted for longer-term, identity-based, “visioning” exercises in which people imagine a desired future-self more generally, then backward plan the path to attaining it. The purpose of the present research was to empirically test this type of applied goal-setting program that promotes the use of backward planning when thinking ...


When Brain Stimulation Backfires, Sarah Beth Bell 2019 University of Kentucky

When Brain Stimulation Backfires, Sarah Beth Bell

Theses and Dissertations--Psychology

tDCS brain stimulation does not always work in the intended direction. It has been found to sometimes worsen behavior rather than improve it. A preliminary study shows that people high on sensation-seeking and lack of premeditation were prone to reverse effects of tDCS on performance on a Stop Signal Task. Both of these constructs are related to dopamine levels. Study 2 seeks to intentionally cause a reverse effect of tDCS by increasing participants’ dopamine levels via caffeine. There was not a significant interaction between tDCS and caffeine on errors on the Stop Signal Task in this study. However, other factors ...


The Role Of Mindfulness In Self-View Investment: Neural And Subjective Indicators, Hadley Rahrig 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Role Of Mindfulness In Self-View Investment: Neural And Subjective Indicators, Hadley Rahrig

Theses and Dissertations

Self-concept is strongly influenced by beliefs about one’s personal psychological attributes, and these beliefs are held with varying degrees of confidence and consequence. Hence, it is investment in self-views of those attributes that helps to regulate and maintain stable self-concept. Self-view investment is relevant to numerous self-related functions, but high self-view investment can also contribute to maladaptive self-views. Theory suggests that mindfulness cultivates a less personal, more objective perception of one’s thoughts, emotions and behaviors, and training in mindfulness has been shown to alter self-referential processing. The current pilot study (N=21) investigates the possible role of dispositional ...


The Effect Of Religion On Trait Priority In Potential Partners In Short And Long Term Relationships, Sara K. Glass 2019 Bucknell University

The Effect Of Religion On Trait Priority In Potential Partners In Short And Long Term Relationships, Sara K. Glass

Honors Theses

This study builds upon previous research that demonstrates how various demographic characteristics, as well as relationship type, affects trait preferences for potential mate partners. This study also explores the potential effects of religious affiliation and religiosity on trait preferences, as no previous research explicitly tests how individuals’ religious affiliation or strength of religiosity influences their rank ordering of potential partner traits. Seven hypotheses were proposed, as well as four points of exploration regarding sexuality, relationship status, religious affiliation, and race were proposed. Hypotheses 1, which predicted that women will rank financial stability higher than men and that men will rank ...


An Exploratory Study Of The Relationship Between Community Involvement And Lgb Identity, Jenna Collins 2019 The University of Akron

An Exploratory Study Of The Relationship Between Community Involvement And Lgb Identity, Jenna Collins

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Found families are common within the LGBT community, and many models of LGB identity development include contact with other same-sex attracted individuals, or involvement in the LGBT community as important to identity development. However there has been little research investigating the connection between community involvement and identity development or acceptance. This exploratory study will compare LGB identity, measured with the Lesbian Gay Bisexual Identity Survey, to respondents’ answers to open-ended questions about their LGB community involvement. Open-ended questions will be coded by the researcher using content analysis to find commonalities between responses. Comparisons will look for any relationships between stages ...


Emotion Regulation In Infancy And Attachment Classification At 15 Months, Nora Tucker 2019 University of Iowa

Emotion Regulation In Infancy And Attachment Classification At 15 Months, Nora Tucker

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

We examined early emotion regulation in children with different future attachment classifications with both mothers and fathers in 102 community families. Emotion regulation was observed in three standard laboratory anger paradigms at 7 months. Children’s attachment security with parents was assessed in the Strange Situation Paradigm at 15 months. In mother- child and father-child dyads, secure children (B) did not differ from insecure children (avoidant, A, resistant, C, disorganized/unclassifiable, D/U, all combined) in their emotion regulation scores. However, when the classification with mothers was considered, children who were classified as insecure resistant (C) with mothers had significantly ...


The Philosopher's Journey: A Chapter In Kindness And Animals, Vaughn E. Sayers 2019 University of North Florida

The Philosopher's Journey: A Chapter In Kindness And Animals, Vaughn E. Sayers

UNF Undergraduate Honors Theses

We each are presented with a choice; do we remain in the cave of ignorance or embark on the philosopher’s journey. Your choice will determine the way in which you interpret this paper. However, I will confidently make the assumption that you, like myself, desire to embrace an existence guided by the light of wisdom. This thesis is one of many chapters in the philosopher’s journey, dealing with animals and (cutting through the jargon) kindness. I have found that a lot of scholarship on animal ethics acknowledges a truth, but does not acknowledge that the application of such ...


Why Empirical Studies Of The Groupthink Model Have Failed, Nolan Rajakumar 2019 Claremont Colleges

Why Empirical Studies Of The Groupthink Model Have Failed, Nolan Rajakumar

CMC Senior Theses

The theory of groupthink has been highly beneficial in the study of how groups make decisions. It has permeated almost every field containing decision making groups. Despite its popularity, there has been a surprising lack of empirical support for the model. It is the aim of this paper to suggest a possible explanation for the current state of groupthink research. First the groupthink model is described briefly, followed by a look at several selected empirical and case studies of groupthink. A potential reason for the dearth of empirical is then proposed along with a suggestion for future groupthink research.


Get The Fuck Out For A Positive Identity, Bryan Sherburne 2019 Humboldt State University

Get The Fuck Out For A Positive Identity, Bryan Sherburne

Theses and projects

The present work examined the conditions under which political partisans would desire to schism from their political party. Drawing on uncertainty-identity theory, the social identity theory of leadership, and the literature on schism, this thesis predicted that under conditions of high uncertainty, partisans would be less likely to schism from their party because they would be willing to accept limits to their voice from political leaders. A broad sample of California Republicans (N = 218) and Democrats (N = 249) were examined using the pretense of either support for or opposition to legislation on DACA enacted by the leader of their respective ...


The Relationship Between Personality Characteristics And Creativity On Judgements Of Facial Attractiveness, Zhelin Wu 2019 Humboldt State University

The Relationship Between Personality Characteristics And Creativity On Judgements Of Facial Attractiveness, Zhelin Wu

Theses and projects

People may or may not realize that when they meet a physically attractive person, they are more likely to evaluate him or her as a smart and positive person compared to a less attractive person in the absence of other features besides physical attractiveness. This attractive halo effect has influenced multiple areas that include the job market, dating, and academic success. However, it is possible for other factors, such as one’s creativity and personality to affect one’s judged attractiveness level. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of facial attractiveness, creativity, and warm-cold personality characteristics ...


Biologically Framed Schizophrenia As A Barrier To Belief In Free Will, Nicholas L. Ortiz 2019 Humboldt State University

Biologically Framed Schizophrenia As A Barrier To Belief In Free Will, Nicholas L. Ortiz

Theses and projects

Biologically framing mental illness has certain influences on social-psychological processes related to morality and retribution. The attribution of moral responsibility is thwarted when others believe a transgressor has biologically caused mental illness. Belief in free will works as a function for attributing moral responsibility, which represents an intimate, interdependent connection between both concepts. The current study tested whether or not telling participants a transgressor has biologically caused schizophrenia reduces the belief she is morally responsible, has free will, and reduces general belief in free will. Results found partial evidence to show biologically framing a transgressor’s schizophrenia can diminish belief ...


The Role Of Prototypicality Threat In Men's Evaluations Of Transgender Women, Alexandria Jaurique 2019 Humboldt State University

The Role Of Prototypicality Threat In Men's Evaluations Of Transgender Women, Alexandria Jaurique

Theses and projects

All social groups have a prototype that provides a guideline of behaviors and attitudes that embody what it means to be a member of that group (Hohman et al., 2017). Men as a gender group are no exception to the use of a prototype as a basis for evaluating group members (Marques & Páez, 1994). When a man feels like a non-prototypical group member (i.e., peripheral) he is more likely to derogate deviant ingroup members compared to outgroup members. This is because peripheral group members are more likely to engage in behaviors aimed at achieving and maintaining a positive social value for this group (men) compared to the outgroup (women; Doosje & Ellemers, 1997). Research has found that cisgender men perceive transgender women to be effeminate gay men (Gazzola & Morrison, 2014). Therefore, men should perceive transgender woman as ingroup deviants. As a result, peripheral men should derogate transgender women more than transgender men and other cisgender men compared to ...


Can Perspective Taking Lead To Prejudice And Discrimination?, James Joseph Hodge 2019 University of Vermont

Can Perspective Taking Lead To Prejudice And Discrimination?, James Joseph Hodge

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Research on perspective taking generally points to positive outcomes, but a small and growing body of literature highlights conditions where perspective taking can instead lead to undesirable outcomes. The goal of this dissertation study is to test a model of how taking the perspective of someone who struggles to control food consumption may negatively influence prejudice and discrimination toward heavy people. My model predicts that taking the perspective of someone who is effortfully trying not to eat, which requires the use of self-regulatory processes, vicariously depletes the perspective-taker’s own self-regulatory capacity. Whether that depletion leads to greater expressions of ...


The Relationship Between Childhood Onset Illness And Social Development, Chloe Woodling 2019 University of Redlands

The Relationship Between Childhood Onset Illness And Social Development, Chloe Woodling

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The purpose of this study is to look at the relationship between childhood onset illness and social development success. Social development was operationalized as occupational, educational, economic, social and romantic relationship success. Participants were recruited via online support groups, randomly chosen interest groups, and the general Facebook population. It was predicted that individuals who suffered from a childhood onset illness would have more difficulties (or less success) in social, occupational, educational, economic, and romantic relationship areas during their adult years compared to the healthy comparison group. It was found that individuals with childhood onset illnesses had lower friendship quality in ...


The Influence Of The "Emotionally Disturbed" Classroom Label On General Education Teachers' Sense Of Efficacy, Giovanna Perricone 2019 Claremont Colleges

The Influence Of The "Emotionally Disturbed" Classroom Label On General Education Teachers' Sense Of Efficacy, Giovanna Perricone

Scripps Senior Theses

Students identified as “emotionally disturbed” face resistance to inclusion in classrooms with typically-developing peers on the part of the general education teachers. This study aims to address whether the classroom label of “emotionally disturbed” affects teacher efficacy and whether this relationship is moderated by the amount of applied inclusion training a teacher has received. General education teachers will read identical case studies of a student who either spends some of his school day in an “Emotionally Disturbed Class” or a “Self-Regulation Skills Class.” They will complete a measure of student-specific teacher efficacy and then report how many hours of inclusion ...


Developing A Model Of Sexism-Based Traumatic Stress, Marcus Cherry 2019 Louisiana Tech University

Developing A Model Of Sexism-Based Traumatic Stress, Marcus Cherry

Doctoral Dissertations

In contemporary society, women regularly endure sexist microaggressions—messages that convey aversive, demeaning sexist slights toward women. Sexist microaggressions have been associated with anger, depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, job stress, increased risky health behavior and trauma. Additionally, sexist microaggressions effects are cumulative and can result in the internalization of sexist beliefs and undermine selfcompassion. Research suggests that these distortions of self-views and self-regard can in part contribute to the development of trauma symptoms. Notably, research has found that prolonged exposure to sexism, in general, has been associated with trauma symptoms. However, the traumatic effects of sexist microaggressions have remained largely ...


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