Depletion Manipulations Decrease Openness To Dissent Via Increased Anger, 2020 Singapore Management University
Depletion Manipulations Decrease Openness To Dissent Via Increased Anger, Ming-Hong Tsai, Norman P. Li
Research Collection School of Social Sciences
We investigated a potential outcome of ego depletion manipulations and an importantfactor behind cooperative failure: a lack of openness to others’ dissenting opinions.Across five studies in a variety of task settings, we examined the effect of depletionmanipulations on openness to dissent and investigated two negative emotions as potentialmediators of this process: fatigue and anger. The results demonstrated a negative effect ofdepletion manipulations on openness to dissent through increased anger rather thanfatigue (Studies 1–5). In Studies 3 and 4, we also eliminated perceived trust towards a taskcounterpart as a significant mediator of the relationship between depletion manipulationsand openness to ...
El Trastorno Por Déficit De Atención / Hiperactividad (Tdah) Según Apoderados De Escolares, 2020 Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Chile
El Trastorno Por Déficit De Atención / Hiperactividad (Tdah) Según Apoderados De Escolares, Romina F. Ferretti Mg., Joaquín Gaete Dr.
The Qualitative Report
El diagnóstico de trastorno por déficit de atención/hiperactividad (TDAH) es el más frecuente en la población escolar de Chile. La búsqueda de ayuda profesional para esta condición es mayoritariamente gestionada por los apoderados de los escolares, quienes experimentan esta situación (y toman decisiones) a partir de su propia comprensión del TDAH. El objetivo de este estudio fue explorar la “situación” del apoderado TDAH, y en particular, cómo su experiencia se configura a partir de los discursos culturalmente disponibles acerca del TDAH. Mediante un análisis situacional (Clarke, 2005) se encontró que los apoderados toman cinco posiciones subjetivas a la hora ...
Extracurricular Involvement And Self-Esteem: How Much Is Too Much?, 2020 Susquehanna University
Extracurricular Involvement And Self-Esteem: How Much Is Too Much?, Stephanie Shirk
Senior Scholars Day
Campus involvement can be a significant contributor to desirable college student experiences, but too much involvement may lead to negative outcomes. To test the relationship between self-esteem and involvement, participants (N = 239) completed a survey measuring extracurricular participation and self-esteem. Although the effect of involvement on self-esteem was significant, both high and moderate involvement were associated with higher self-esteem compared to no involvement. Holding leadership positions was significantly correlated with self-esteem and participation measures.
Longitudinal Applications Of Stepladder Technique For Enhancing Group Performance, 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
Longitudinal Applications Of Stepladder Technique For Enhancing Group Performance, Conner Lutterman
Discovery Day - Prescott
Stepladder technique is intended to improve decision making in small groups by structuring the entry of group members, ensuring that each member contributes to the decision-making process. Previous research has employed the stepladder technique for intellective exercises of short duration. Here, we examined a more realistic application of the stepladder technique to a longitudinal project team engaged in a design/build/ test engineering program. Application of stepladder technique beyond a laboratory/one-time setting is a unique addition to the team performance research. Preliminary data indicates that the stepladder technique is effective in a longitudinal project more aligned to typical organization ...
Ageism In The Workplace: Ageing In The Age Of Intolerance, 2020 West Chester University of Pennsylvania
Ageism In The Workplace: Ageing In The Age Of Intolerance, Jacqueline Magnarelli, Lauren Stricker, Dylan Fry, Jasmin Tahmaseb-Mcconatha, Frauke Schnell, V. Krishna Kumar
Psychology Student Work
Age discrimination is widespread, but not widely acknowledged. Unlike racism and sexism, ageism is often normalized (WHO, 2020). As people live longer, healthier lives, they also remain in the workplace longer (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2017). A majority (64%), of older workers, particularly female workers, report being subjected to discriminatory mistreatment (AARP, 2014).
This presentation focuses on a discussion of the preliminary results of an ongoing study addressing age discrimination in the workplace. A sample of 244 WCU faculty and staff (ages 20 - 80) responded to an online survey. Questions probed work experiences, work attitudes, stress, and life satisfaction. Forty-six ...
A Study Of Compassion Fatigue Among Police Officers, 2020 California Southern University
A Study Of Compassion Fatigue Among Police Officers, Jennifer Agelidis Ed.D.
Journal of Applied Social Science Research and Practice
Law enforcement officers are chronically exposed to traumatic events and work-related stressors. The consistent exposure to physical, cultural, and psychological stressors may be related to compassion fatigue. The design of this study was non-experimental using survey methods. A non-random sample of 48 police officers was surveyed online to determine their self-reported levels of compassion fatigue and burnout using the Professional Quality of Life Scale 5 (ProQOL 5; Stamm, 2009). In addition, the researcher developed and administered the Societal Stress Survey (SSS) to examine police officers’ perceptions of stress related to three areas of stressors identified in the literature: felonious police ...
172— The Impact Of Extracurricular Leadership Activities On Adolescent Life Satisfaction, Brittany Bearss, Nicholas P. Palumbo
Little research has explored the role of different leadership activities on the psychological wellbeing of adolescence. However, previous research has shown that leadership development along with the satisfaction of the three basic psychological needs: autonomy, relatedness, and competence; and experiencing feelings of vitality lead to optimal functioning and development and positive life satisfaction (Ryan & Deci, 2000; 2001). The current study uses Self Determination Theory (SDT) and Authentic Leadership Theory (ALT) as guiding frameworks to examine the relationship between leadership activities and adolescent life satisfaction. The study aimed to explore how the three basic psychological needs, feelings of vitality, and leadership activities (in ...
Text Messaging Between School Counselors And Students: An Exploratory Study, 2020 Arcadia University
Text Messaging Between School Counselors And Students: An Exploratory Study, Nicholas R. Gilly
Graduate Theses & Dissertations
This exploratory case study examines the impact of text messaging on mentoring relationships when used as an outreach between school counselors and high school students, where established relationships are lacking. An SMS gateway was used to mediate communication between school counselors (N=2) and students (N=5) over a three-month timeframe. The SMS gateway converted email, sent from counselors, to text messages, which were received on mobile devices of students and allowed students to respond back to counselors. Findings indicate that the use of text messaging may ease scheduling of face-to-face meetings between counselors and students, but evidence does not ...
Check One Box And One Box Only: Christianity And Biracial/Bi-Ethnic Identity Development, 2020 Liberty University
Check One Box And One Box Only: Christianity And Biracial/Bi-Ethnic Identity Development, Carina Schiro
Senior Honors Theses
A phenomenological overview showed the current understanding and conceptualization held by biracial and bi-ethnic individuals of their racial identity development. While the literature on biracial identity development recently expanded, there is little research done on the various coping mechanisms and mindsets used to create a solidified sense of racial identity in biracial and bi-ethnic individuals. Additionally, there is no research investigating Christianity’s influence on biracial identity development. Such research could bring greater understanding to the various ways double racial consciousness has impacted the lives of multicultural individuals. Furthermore, investigations have brought greater understanding of the different identity resolutions individuals ...
Parental Nurturance In Childhood And Adolescence Correlated To Anxiety In College Students, 2020 Liberty University
Parental Nurturance In Childhood And Adolescence Correlated To Anxiety In College Students, Julianne R. Urban
Senior Honors Theses
Parental nurturance is important for individuals in childhood, adolescence, and emerging adulthood. In general, high levels of parental nurturance helps individuals to be well-adjusted. However, anxiety disorders are prevalent among emerging adults, so the present study investigated a potential correlation between parental nurturance and college student anxiety. Participants consisted of undergraduate students who were at least 18 years old and enrolled in at least one psychology course. They were asked to complete the Parental Nurturance Scale and Overall Anxiety Severity and Impairment Scale. The results indicated a significant negative correlation between the two variables. Specifically, increases in parental nurturance were ...
Political Ideology And Mental Illness Stigma, 2020 Lake Forest College
Political Ideology And Mental Illness Stigma, Caeley Mcdonagh
Mental health stigma exists in a wide variety of contexts, including politics. This study aimed to determine whether political conservatives stigmatized mental illness more than political liberals. To address this issue, I analyzed data from the General Social Survey (GSS), which surveyed thousands of participants throughout the U.S. on many topics, including mental health attitudes. I hypothesized that political conservatives would express more negative attitudes toward people with mental illness compared to liberals. I found that political ideology did predict stigmatization of people with mental illness overall, but not when separate analyses were conducted for specific mental disorders. An ...
Effects Of The Imposter Phenomenon, Stress, And Belonging On Perfectionism In Freshmen Undergraduate Students, Taylor M. Pratt
Brescia Psychology Undergraduate Honours Theses
This study investigated whether students who scored high in Perfectionistic Concerns (i.e., unhealthy perfectionists) would have higher Imposter Phenomenon and stress scores, as well as lower self-efficacy, belonging, and social acceptance scores. Additionally, the study sought to clarify how the two dimensions of perfectionism, Concerns and Strivings, are associated with the Imposter Phenomenon. The sample consisted of 48 female undergraduate students at a university in London, Ontario. A Pearson correlation analysis revealed a significant positive correlation between Perfectionistic Concerns and the Imposter Phenomenon. A significant positive correlation was also found between stress and the Imposter Phenomenon. Additionally, a significant ...
Family Resilience: Preventive Solution Of Javanese Youth Klithih Behavior, 2020 State Islamic University Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
Family Resilience: Preventive Solution Of Javanese Youth Klithih Behavior, Casmini Casmini, Supardi Supardi
The Qualitative Report
In the past seven years, the people of Yogyakarta have been confronted with the rampant of brutal behavior of adolescent social behavior, and have led to criminal acts, known as klithih. It is necessary to research about how the resilience of Yogyakarta families in conducting preventive solutions to klithih behavior. Most family resilience study is related to the behavior solution of klithih focusing on the role of parents in parent’s perspective. This study aims to explore family resilience in klithih behavioral preventive efforts in the perspective of adolescents with the Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) method on three male middle ...
Understanding The Impact Of Psychological Empowerment, Workplace Motivation, And Social Capital On The Job Performance Of Farmers In Honduras: A Mixed Methods Study, Susan Lale Karimiha
LSU Doctoral Dissertations
A farmer’s job performance is critical to the production of raw materials such as food, fiber, and fuel and is therefore an important concern for individuals, businesses, and economies across the world. The literature on improving farmers’ job performance has focused more on introducing new technologies, and less on the psychosocial factors that improve job performance. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the impact of psychological empowerment, workplace motivation, and social capital on farmers’ job performance in Honduras.
A mixed methods approach was used to collect and analyze both quantitative and qualitative data. For quantitative data ...
Examining The Neural Activity Of Self-Monitoring Using Fnirs, 2020 University of North Florida
Examining The Neural Activity Of Self-Monitoring Using Fnirs, Ambriel Cohen, Paul Fuglestad, Katherine C. Hooper, Isabel Suazo, Lauren Toledo, Dr. Christopher Leone
Showcase of Osprey Advancements in Research and Scholarship (SOARS)
In social psychology, self-monitoring refers to the way in which individuals regulate the manner in which they present themselves to others. High self-monitors are those who are driven to fit in, and strategically adapt their presentation of self to cultivate a specific image of themselves. Low self-monitors are driven more by their personal values and are less likely to adjust their behaviors situationally. One component of self-monitoring is emotional regulation, where high self-monitors are more adept at regulating the presentation of their emotions, (e.g. concealing and faking them), than low self-monitors. We used functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to study ...
The Association Between Sibling Relationship Dynamics And Empathic Abilities In Young Adulthood, 2020 The University of Alabama
The Association Between Sibling Relationship Dynamics And Empathic Abilities In Young Adulthood, Nahide Gungordu, Maria Hernandez-Reif
Southeastern Council on Family Relations Conference
Existing research concerning the effects of empathy development has primarily focused on the role of parents, culture, and education but has overlooked the role of siblings. This current retrospective study investigates sibling relationship quality and cognitive and affective empathy in young adults to address the question of whether siblings influence young adults’ empathy processes. A total of 205 young adults participated in the study and completed questionnaires examining their sibling relationship quality and empathy. Strong positive relationships were observed between affective empathy and sibling relationship quality, which suggests that siblings may play a unique role in shaping each other’s ...
Can Exploratory Learning Help To Close The Minority Achievement Gap?, 2020 University of Louisville
Can Exploratory Learning Help To Close The Minority Achievement Gap?, Shannon Nicole Derkson, Marci S. Decaro
Undergraduate Arts and Research Showcase
Underrepresented minority (URM) students are disproportionately retained and underperform in STEM disciplines compared to non-URM students, yet are needed in the STEM workforce. Possible causes of this minority achievement gap are social isolation, “chilly” classrooms, low confidence, and stereotype threat (Ballen et al., 2017). Inclusive instruction, which includes active learning, may help to reduce this gap (Saunders & Kardia, 1997). Active learning engages students in learning through activities and/or discussion in class as opposed to passively listening to lectures (Brame, 2016; Freeman et al., 2014). But, not all active learning strategies promote inclusive learning environments. We examined whether a type of active learning activity called exploratory learning helps to reduce the minority achievement gap. Students (N = 356) in an introductory psychology statistics course or ...
The Effects Of Optimism On Anti-Natalism, 2020 University of Southern Mississippi
The Effects Of Optimism On Anti-Natalism, Faith L. Brown
People sometimes hold opinions on others’ choices, particularly their reproductive decisions, as these choices are important decisions that impact the lives of multiple people. People can believe that everyone should have children (pro-natalism) or that everyone should refrain from having children (anti-natalism) or they can hold no position on the reproduction of others. The main justification for anti-natalism is that life contains more suffering than pleasure and that it would be better if new people were not born to experience this suffering. This is why some theorists argue that people reject anti-natalism irrespective of how bad life is because of ...
An Investigation Of “Actual” Versus “Perceived” Substance Use Among College Students, 2020 Trinity College
An Investigation Of “Actual” Versus “Perceived” Substance Use Among College Students, Jordan Ragland
Senior Theses and Projects
Alcohol and illicit substance use is recognized as a widespread public health concern across college campuses in the United States (Shepard Meteyer, Bruzios, Pol, & Charpentier 2017). Perceived norms are among the strongest predictors of college student alcohol use and related problems (Ecker, Cohen, & Buckner 2017). Prior research has shown that normative perceptions relate to one’s own drinking behavior (Lewis, Litt, Blayney, Lostutter, Granato, Kilmer, & Lee 2011). This data has shown that college students typically overestimate the amount other students or peers drink. Based on previous literature this can be applied to drug, marijuana, and nicotine use. The purpose of ...
The Relationship Between Social Functioning And Anxiety Symptoms In Preschoolers With Autism, 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia
The Relationship Between Social Functioning And Anxiety Symptoms In Preschoolers With Autism, Kaylee L. Cox
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by impairments in social functioning. Furthermore, children with ASD have been found to have high rates of comorbid anxiety. Understanding the relationship between ASD and comorbid anxiety is essential in raising awareness of anxiety symptomology in children with ASD in hopes of better informing treatment and support. The present study examines the relationship between social functioning and general anxiety in children with ASD compared to typically developing (TD) children. The first objective of this study was to examine group differences in social impairments and anxiety symptoms between children diagnosed with ASD and TD children ...