Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social Psychology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

4,419 Full-Text Articles 5,098 Authors 3,149,017 Downloads 244 Institutions

All Articles in Social Psychology

Faceted Search

4,419 full-text articles. Page 2 of 163.

Mechanisms Of Humility's Influence On Prosociality, Matthew A. Humphreys 2019 University of Maine

Mechanisms Of Humility's Influence On Prosociality, Matthew A. Humphreys

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Prosocial behavior is valuable for the people it is meant to help, the people engaging in the behavior, and society in general. However, we do not always behave prosocially. Through three studies (N = 535) this work examined the possibility that resource scarcity might reduce prosocial behavior and that humility might promote prosocial behavior by both reducing the negative effect of scarcity on prosocial behavior, and by its own positive relationship with prosociality. This work further examined facets of humility that might promote prosocial behavior, such as other-orientation, and the roles of state and trait humility. Humility was associated with greater ...


“Get Tough!”: A Case Study On The Development Of The Sport Ethic In Youth Lacrosse, Ross Budziszewski 2019 Utah State University

“Get Tough!”: A Case Study On The Development Of The Sport Ethic In Youth Lacrosse, Ross Budziszewski

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

While participation in youth sport is often linked with positive psychosocial and physical outcomes (Holt et al., 2017), this context can also cultivate ideals that lead to the development of unethical beliefs as well as unsafe sport practices (Al-Yaarbi & Kavussanu, 2017). The sport ethic is described as the deviant overconformity by an athlete to fit societal expectations of a sport’s high-performance culture (Hughes & Coakley, 1991). Strong beliefs in the sport ethic can lead to moral disengagement, antisocial behavior, and viewing sport like warfare (Shields, Funk, & Bredemeier, 2015). Although the sport ethic has been examined in competitive adult sport (Coakley ...


The Effects Of Counterfactual Priming On Belief In Fake News, Sean Bogart 2019 Seton Hall University

The Effects Of Counterfactual Priming On Belief In Fake News, Sean Bogart

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Fake news overwhelmed social media platforms, like Twitter and Facebook, during the 2016 U.S. presidential election. This new, digital brand of fake news that can be spread much more rapidly than older forms, is coupled with a lack of academic research into its effects, the reasons that certain individuals trust its veracity, and methods of decreasing overall belief in fake news. Confirmation bias is one of several reasons why individuals fall victim to fake news; although there are a few strategies that can be used to combat the negative effects of confirmation bias; counterfactual reasoning is one that has ...


Female Genital Mutilation In The United States: Estimating The Number Of Girls At Risk, Phyllis Chesler 2019 Phyllis Chesler Organization

Female Genital Mutilation In The United States: Estimating The Number Of Girls At Risk, Phyllis Chesler

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

Female genital mutilation (FGM) destroys the capacity of women to experience sexual pleasure. It causes serious medical complications such as bleeding, painful urination, cysts, dangerous and recurrent bladder and urinary tract infections, the growth of scar tissue that make marital intercourse a nightmare and that turns childbirth into an experience of danger and torture. Due to immigration, FGM now poses a potential health crisis in the West, both in Europe and in the United States. To estimate how many girls who live in the West are at risk, one can measure the prevalence of FGM in the non-Western countries where ...


Adverse Childhood Experiences, Homeless Chronicity, And Age At Onset Of Homelessness, Joseph T. Tucciarone Jr. 2019 East Tennessee State University

Adverse Childhood Experiences, Homeless Chronicity, And Age At Onset Of Homelessness, Joseph T. Tucciarone Jr.

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Childhood adversity is associated with numerous negative outcomes across multiple domains, including mental and physical health, interrelationships, and social functioning. Notably, research suggests that childhood adversity has a dose-response relationship with these outcomes; that is, greater numbers of adverse experiences in childhood are associated with worse outcomes. These outcomes overlap with many risk factors of homelessness. This study sought to address two questions: 1) Does a dose-response relationship exist between childhood adversity and chronic homelessness? 2) Does childhood adversity negatively predict the age at which homelessness first occurs? Adults experiencing homeless who are accessing homeless services in the Tri-Cities area ...


The Impact Of Topic Valence On Interracial Interaction Outcomes: An Honors Thesis In Psychology, Victoria Gilooly 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Impact Of Topic Valence On Interracial Interaction Outcomes: An Honors Thesis In Psychology, Victoria Gilooly

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Cost-Benefit Analysis Of Enhanced Mentoring For Delinquency Prevention, Allison Smith 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Cost-Benefit Analysis Of Enhanced Mentoring For Delinquency Prevention, Allison Smith

Theses and Dissertations

Youth with certain risk factors (e.g., from a minority group, low-income status, previous contact with the juvenile justice system) are particularly at risk for juvenile delinquency and associated problems (e.g., school failure, mental health problems). In addition, these problems are quite costly to youth, their families, and society as a whole. Mentoring programs have shown modest, but consistent, effects in the prevention and reduction of juvenile delinquency and associated problems. Previous research has identified promising enhancements (i.e., advocacy/teaching roles for mentors, rigorous match processes, comprehensive mentor training, ongoing mentor support) that may increase the effectiveness of ...


Who Needs Blame?: Answerability Without Expressed Blame, Sarah Gokhale 2019 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Who Needs Blame?: Answerability Without Expressed Blame, Sarah Gokhale

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation argues that we can hold other agents morally responsible without expressing blame and, more strongly, that doing so is preferable. I first argue that blame is fundamentally retributive, and that blame’s retributive foundation is incipiently present even in civilized guises. As such, even though some forms of expressed blame are quite civilized, expressed blame always involves a risk of emotional damage, entrenchment, and escalation. To make things worse, I argue that anger is an exacerbating feature of blame’s retributive foundation. I then argue that, generally speaking, cases of public blame involve higher stakes than cases of ...


When Social Media Takes Your Money: In-App Shopping And Buyer’S Remorse Study, Catie Jaffe 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

When Social Media Takes Your Money: In-App Shopping And Buyer’S Remorse Study, Catie Jaffe

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Preserving Relationship Stability And Self-Evaluations Despite Individual Emotional Traits: The Sem Model And Specialization Within Romantic Relationships, Stephen Smith 2019 William & Mary

Preserving Relationship Stability And Self-Evaluations Despite Individual Emotional Traits: The Sem Model And Specialization Within Romantic Relationships, Stephen Smith

Undergraduate Honors Theses

A sample of 24 couples (N = 24) participated in the present two-part study investigating whether the Self-Evaluation Maintenance (SEM) process of specialization in romantic couples is affected by differences in individual psychological traits. In the first portion, couples worked collaboratively on one questionnaire to generate performance domains and subdomains of varying relevance, as well as rate which partner had more expertise. Couple conversations during this portion were recorded (with consent) to qualitatively assess the process of specialization in romantic couples. In the second portion, individual partners completed a questionnaire assessing the aforementioned psychological traits. Results suggested that couples evenly distribute ...


Using The Prisoner’S Dilemma To Evaluate Personality Indicators Of Cooperation, Vansh Bansal 2019 William & Mary

Using The Prisoner’S Dilemma To Evaluate Personality Indicators Of Cooperation, Vansh Bansal

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Cooperation has been seen as a key contributor to forming close relationships. Loneliness and perceived risk in intimacy have been associated with having fewer close interpersonal bonds. The type of interaction (communal or exchange) also plays a role in how people will behave, and how open they will be in pursuing a close relationship. The authors used a manipulation of the type of relation a participant would have with a confederate in a Prisoner’s Dilemma game, and measured perceived risk in intimacy and loneliness, to evaluate the effects these factors had on cooperative behavior. The authors found that the ...


Isolation And Support Dynamics Among Concurrent Victims Of Sex Trafficking, Leslie Unger, Chitra Raghavan 2019 CUNY John Jay College

Isolation And Support Dynamics Among Concurrent Victims Of Sex Trafficking, Leslie Unger, Chitra Raghavan

Student Theses

The present study analyzed wiretap data to determine the characteristics of social support among concurrent victims of sex trafficking. Using a grounded theory approach to determine prevalent elements and themes that characterize interactions, conversations between women and conversations between pimps and women that involve concurrent victims as a topic of conversation were examined. A coding scheme was created based on the derived elements, and network patterns were analyzed. Finally, temporal patterns of conflict were examined to determine whether periods of heightened threat were used to punctuate periods of seeming calm, similar to that seen in research on coercive control and ...


Attitudes And Perspectives Towards Undocumented Immigration In The United States, Nicole Morgan 2019 The University of San Francisco

Attitudes And Perspectives Towards Undocumented Immigration In The United States, Nicole Morgan

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Undocumented immigration has been a historically controversial political topic in the United States and under the Trump Administration. This study aims to look at attitudes towards immigration in the context of whether perception is related to ethnicity or rests on moral belief. It is hypothesized that individuals who score more conservative on the Moral Foundations Questionnaire (MFQ) are more likely to reflect more anti-immigration beliefs than individuals who score more liberal. It is expected that individuals who have read the Mexican vignette will reflect more anti-immigration beliefs than individuals who have read the Swedish vignette or ethnically ambiguous vignette.


Negative Emotional States As Predictors For Fomo, Kaitlyn Yuzeitis, Abbie Bliss, Taylor Sandlie, Nikki Honzel 2019 Carroll College, Helena, MT

Negative Emotional States As Predictors For Fomo, Kaitlyn Yuzeitis, Abbie Bliss, Taylor Sandlie, Nikki Honzel

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Fear of missing out (FoMO) is the feeling of being anxious, depressed, and/or angry when an event may be currently happening elsewhere. FoMO can also be defined as the fear that others may be having more rewarding experiences than you. The current study examines whether personality type or negative emotional states, like depression, anxiety, and/or stress, are greater contributors to fear of missing out in college students. One hundred eighty-one undergraduate students currently enrolled at Carroll College in Helena, Montana participated in a campus wide survey. Participants took three different questionnaires, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), The ...


Am I Graceful? The Effects Of Subtle Stereotype Threat On A Performed Soccer Dribbling Task, Tyra Rucker, Ashley Maes, Emma Hoppes, Emma Nylin 2019 Carroll College

Am I Graceful? The Effects Of Subtle Stereotype Threat On A Performed Soccer Dribbling Task, Tyra Rucker, Ashley Maes, Emma Hoppes, Emma Nylin

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

The purpose of our study was to research how various descriptions of a famous athlete could influence sports performance in undergraduates. Specifically, words such as “graceful” compared to “strong” were used to describe famous soccer player, Alex Morgan. The current research evaluated whether females would be more likely to complete a soccer dribbling task if they were given a subtle stereotype prior to the task. Participants were randomly selected to read a summary of famous female athlete, Alex Morgan that described her performance as “graceful” or “strong”. Our research expected to find that women performed with the least amount of ...


Modern Homonegativity At A Private, Catholic College: A Comparison Of Prejudice Toward Gay Men And Lesbian Women, Sydney Harris 2019 Carroll College

Modern Homonegativity At A Private, Catholic College: A Comparison Of Prejudice Toward Gay Men And Lesbian Women, Sydney Harris

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Homonegative attitudes, also known as negative attitudes toward homosexuals, are prevalent in our society. This study aims at measuring the homonegativity present among undergraduate students at a private, Catholic college using the Modern Homonegativity Scale (Morrison & Morrison, 2002). Researchers will also examine possible theoretical explanations regarding the presence of homonegativity. The Social and Economic Conservatism Scale (Everett, 2013) and the Anti-femininity Scale (Thompson, Jr. & Pleck, 1986) will be used to infer potential reasonings of homonegative attitudes. A comparison will be done between homonegativity toward gay men and homonegativity toward lesbian women in order to determine any significant differences among these ...


Racial Microaggressions Experienced By Students On Campus, Esmeralda Campos, Indy Bains, Jessica McManus PhD 2019 Carroll College

Racial Microaggressions Experienced By Students On Campus, Esmeralda Campos, Indy Bains, Jessica Mcmanus Phd

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

The purpose of this research is to examine racial microaggressions occurring on a college campus. Findings in this study wish to further enhance the capabilities of colleges and universities to assist racial minority groups on campus, thus hopefully bettering retention rates in the institution. The hypothesis is that racial minority students will see more racial microaggressions than white majority students on campus. The study recruited full-time students of Carroll College students who were recruited through promotion throughout campus. Racial and Ethnic Minority Scale (REMS) was used in the determination of students' experiences with

racial microaggression with subscales of Assumptions of ...


The Effects Of Being Labeled Smart By Friends: Burden Or Benefit?, Lauren Feldman, Isaac Abrams, Charlotte Bernot, Alexa DelMonte, Deegan Miller 2019 Ursinus College

The Effects Of Being Labeled Smart By Friends: Burden Or Benefit?, Lauren Feldman, Isaac Abrams, Charlotte Bernot, Alexa Delmonte, Deegan Miller

Psychology Presentations

No abstract provided.


Lgbtq+ Student Safety On Western Michigan University's Campus, Kaitlyn Sedorchuk 2019 Western Michigan University

Lgbtq+ Student Safety On Western Michigan University's Campus, Kaitlyn Sedorchuk

Honors Theses

Campus climate, in general, has been a popular area of research for many years, and this also includes campus climate for LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, plus) students. Outside of the campus climate survey done back in 2013, there has been no recent campus climate research done on Western Michigan University’s campus as of Spring 2019. This means that there has been no research focusing on queer students’ perceptions of Western’s campus, as well.

In order to help and rectify this and create a platform in which queer students attending Western Michigan University could share their experiences ...


Domestic Violence And Women’S Mental Health, Grace T. Douglas 2019 California State University, Monterey Bay

Domestic Violence And Women’S Mental Health, Grace T. Douglas

Culture, Society and Praxis

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress