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High On Grades And Drugs? An Analysis Of Prescription Drug Misuse And Motivations Among Honors And Non-Honors College Students, Emily Haupt 2020 University of Mississippi

High On Grades And Drugs? An Analysis Of Prescription Drug Misuse And Motivations Among Honors And Non-Honors College Students, Emily Haupt

Honors Theses

College students appear to be especially susceptible to prescription drug misuse (PDM), as studies using U.S. college student samples report prevalence rates anywhere from 4% to as high as 43% (Benson et al., 2015). Honors students are a particularly understudied group in PDM research, although several theories associated with substance misuse give reason to believe honors students may be more or less at risk of PDM. The present study examined PDM and motives for four types of prescription drugs (stimulants, opioids, tranquilizers, and sedatives) between honors and non-honors students. Participants in the current study included 588 undergraduate students from ...


The Effects Of Acute Exercise And Psychological Stress On Episodic Memory, Lauren Koehler 2020 University of Mississippi

The Effects Of Acute Exercise And Psychological Stress On Episodic Memory, Lauren Koehler

Honors Theses

Research has suggested that exercise has an effect on memory function. Studies have also shown that exercise mitigates the effects of stress. The relationship between exercise and stress in regard to memory function is noteworthy. There has been little research on this relationship in young adults. This thesis discusses the effects of acute exercise on the episodic memory of young adults when they are exposed to a psychosocial stressor. The results of the research study show that acute aerobic exercise before memory encoding or consolidation was not associated with memory function after exposure to a stressor. Future research in this ...


Developing Civility And Connection In Midland, Michigan, Robin Litster Johnson, Elizabeth Fay Corcoran, Felix Yerace, Caitlin Satterfield, Hillary Chan 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Developing Civility And Connection In Midland, Michigan, Robin Litster Johnson, Elizabeth Fay Corcoran, Felix Yerace, Caitlin Satterfield, Hillary Chan

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Growing loneliness and incivility are on the rise across America. In Midland, Michigan, civic leaders desire to further infuse positive psychology into their community by enhancing positive citizenship through civil discourse and connection. They have identified this need after instances in their community where citizens have engaged in discourteous and unproductive speech. Informed by current psychological research, our team proposes improving civil discourse and increasing positive connections in Midland through holding community discussions using a Communication and Connections Discussion Guide. Community leaders will be trained as facilitators to lead discussions using the Discussion Guide with various groups of any type ...


Youtube Is Unsafe For Children: Youtube's Safeguards And The Current Legal Framework Are Inadequate To Protect Children From Disturbing Content, Heather Wilson 2020 Seattle University School of Law

Youtube Is Unsafe For Children: Youtube's Safeguards And The Current Legal Framework Are Inadequate To Protect Children From Disturbing Content, Heather Wilson

Seattle Journal of Technology, Environmental & Innovation Law

For America’s children, the amount of screen time they consume has not changed much over the years. Children under eight have steadily spent about two hours a day in front of a screen, with those under age two averaging 42 minutes a day. Children from low-income families spend roughly an hour and forty minutes longer in front of a screen. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, screen time should be limited to two hours a day for children ages two to five; whereas, for those youngest children—under two years—they recommend zero screen time.

While the average ...


The Use Of Digital Millenium Copyright Act To Stifle Speech Through Non-Copyright Related Takedowns, Miller Freeman 2020 Seattle University School of Law

The Use Of Digital Millenium Copyright Act To Stifle Speech Through Non-Copyright Related Takedowns, Miller Freeman

Seattle Journal of Technology, Environmental & Innovation Law

In 1998, Congress passed the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. This law provided new methods of protecting copyright in online media. These protections shift the normal judicial process that would stop the publication of infringing materials to private actors: the online platforms. As a result, online platforms receive notices of infringement and issue takedowns of allegedly copyrighted works without the judicial process which normally considers the purpose of the original notice of infringement. In at least one case, discussed in detail below, this has resulted in a notice and takedown against an individual for reasons not related to the purpose of ...


Association Of Childhood Psychosocial Environment With 30-Year Cardiovascular Disease Incidence And Mortality In Middle Age, Jacob B. Pierce, Kiarri N. Kershaw, Catarina I. Kiefe, David R. Jacobs Jr., Stephen Sidney, Sharon Stein. Merkin, Joe Feinglass 2020 Northwestern University

Association Of Childhood Psychosocial Environment With 30-Year Cardiovascular Disease Incidence And Mortality In Middle Age, Jacob B. Pierce, Kiarri N. Kershaw, Catarina I. Kiefe, David R. Jacobs Jr., Stephen Sidney, Sharon Stein. Merkin, Joe Feinglass

Open Access Articles

Background

Childhood adversity and trauma have been shown to be associated with poorer cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes in adulthood. However, longitudinal studies of this association are rare.

Methods and Results

Our study used the CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) Study, a longitudinal cohort that has followed participants from recruitment in 1985-1986 through 2018, to determine how childhood psychosocial environment relates to CVD incidence and all-cause mortality in middle age. Participants (n=3646) completed the Childhood Family Environment (CFE) questionnaire at the year 15 (2000-2001) CARDIA examination and were grouped by high, moderate, or low relative CFE adversity ...


Acronym Usage In Groups: The Relationship Of Socialization And Identification, Dara K. Carney-Nedelman 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Acronym Usage In Groups: The Relationship Of Socialization And Identification, Dara K. Carney-Nedelman

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

This study analyzed the relationship between knowledge of acronym meaning and group member’s socialization and identification. It examined the understudied relationship between knowledge of acronym meaning for group members and their socialization and identification in the group. Research has concluded that when assimilated into a group the group members contribute more, and overall have greater satisfaction (Riddle, Anderson, & Martin, 2000). This assimilation can be separated into two variables, socialization and identification of group members. Research on the relationship for knowledge of acronym meaning and assimilation has been understudied; therefore, this project explored how the terms we use in groups impacts our connection within the group.


The Effects Of Harmful Male Body Representation: Uncovered Through The Lens Of Podcasting, Madelynne Thompson 2020 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

The Effects Of Harmful Male Body Representation: Uncovered Through The Lens Of Podcasting, Madelynne Thompson

Honors Theses

A body of recent studies suggest men are objectified in the media, as men report increasing levels of body dissatisfaction and potentially, an array of negative consequences in response. Western media images of men, exemplified through media such as advertisements, television, and social media promote a “drive for muscularity” with attention to the upper body and abdominal region. Societal standards and norms have a documented influence on self-concept, and the current study investigates explicitly which influences hold the greatest magnitude during the development of one’s self-perception. In the present thesis project, men aged 18-25 were interviewed to gauge their ...


Empathy, Perceived Similarity, And Online Aggression, Olivette Petersen 2020 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Empathy, Perceived Similarity, And Online Aggression, Olivette Petersen

Honors Theses

As social media usage continues to rise, the prevalence of non-traditionally famous online entertainers and other popular online personas (e.g., YouTubers and social media influencers) is increasing. Online practices such as video blogging and social media upkeep make it easier for viewers and fans to feel closer to the online personas they follow, regardless of whether any in-person social interaction ever takes place. Due to the increased amount of time adolescents and young adults spend on social media, it is clear that these online personas are becoming an important part of adolescents’ and young adults’ socialization. Furthermore, when online ...


Is There A Relationship Between Experiences Of Workplace Discrimination And Self-Stigmatization Among Mental Health Peer Support Workers?, Nicole King 2020 East Tennessee State University

Is There A Relationship Between Experiences Of Workplace Discrimination And Self-Stigmatization Among Mental Health Peer Support Workers?, Nicole King

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis aimed to explore whether a statistically significant relationship existed between experiences of workplace discrimination and self-stigmatization among mental health peer support workers. This relationship has not previously been explored in this group. The Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMI) was used to measure self-stigmatization, and a 3-measure scale adapted by Stromwall, Holley and Bashor (2011), alongside a newly created measure, were used to assess perceived workplace discrimination. The sample was a convenience sample of 20 participants. The researcher expected a positive correlation between workplace discrimination and self-stigmatization. Ultimately, no statistically significant relationship was found between the two ...


Measuring Intergroup Forgiveness: The Enright Group Forgiveness Inventory, Robert D. Enright, Julie Johnson, Fu Na, Tomaz Erzar, Matthew Hirshberg, Tina Huang, John Klatt, Chansoon (Danielle) Lee, Benjamin Boateng, Preston Boggs, Tung-En Hsiao, Chelsea Olson, Mei Ling Shu, Jacqueline Song, Peiying Wu, Baoyu Zhang 2020 University of Wisconsin-Madison and International Forgiveness Institute, Inc.

Measuring Intergroup Forgiveness: The Enright Group Forgiveness Inventory, Robert D. Enright, Julie Johnson, Fu Na, Tomaz Erzar, Matthew Hirshberg, Tina Huang, John Klatt, Chansoon (Danielle) Lee, Benjamin Boateng, Preston Boggs, Tung-En Hsiao, Chelsea Olson, Mei Ling Shu, Jacqueline Song, Peiying Wu, Baoyu Zhang

Peace and Conflict Studies

Until recently, researchers operationalized and measured the psychological construct of forgiveness at the individual, rather than the group, level. Social psychologists started applying forgiveness to groups and examining the role intergroup forgiveness may have in conflict resolution and peace efforts. Initial attempts to define and measure forgiveness at the group level either assumed individual and group capacities were the same, or insufficiently described what intergroup forgiveness meant. We developed a new measure of intergroup forgiveness, and a novel group administration process, that operationalized the construct in a philosophically coherent way. Our conceptualization of intergroup forgiveness was rooted in what groups ...


Searching For Neural Mechanisms Of Social Cognition, Chandler Siemonsma, Cristina Uribe, LouAnne Boyd, Aaron Schurger, Deanna Hughes, Tian Lan 2020 Chapman University

Searching For Neural Mechanisms Of Social Cognition, Chandler Siemonsma, Cristina Uribe, Louanne Boyd, Aaron Schurger, Deanna Hughes, Tian Lan

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Social cognition involves the integration and pruning of perceptual information which leads to the formation of an abstract representation, which is also known as the perceptual gist. This study examined 87 differences in visual perception of Mooney face stimuli of differing sizes and the relationship to gist formation in ten individuals with autism compared to neurotypical controls. Parents of both groups completed the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS-2) to assess social functioning in real-world scenarios.


From Grief To Growth: Rebuilding A Life Of Flourishing After Suicide Loss, Jodi Wellman, Liza McDevitt, CJ Pippen, Victoria Roebuck 2020 University of Pennsylvania

From Grief To Growth: Rebuilding A Life Of Flourishing After Suicide Loss, Jodi Wellman, Liza Mcdevitt, Cj Pippen, Victoria Roebuck

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States and second leading cause of death for persons aged 10–34. This population, known as suicide survivors, needs special support as they are often socially isolated and stigmatized, and likely to experience post-traumatic stress symptoms that can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD. Survivors of Suicide Loss (SOSL) was founded in 1981 to meet the unique needs of the suicide survivor community, evolving from a single support group into an organization now serving the greater San Diego area. However, the programs of suicide support and prevention that ...


Refuge For The Refugee, Chelsia Sooksengdao 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Refuge For The Refugee, Chelsia Sooksengdao

Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

This capstone investigates the overlap of psychology and architecture as a tool to address the issue of mental wellness in refugees. It focuses on the way refugee camp conditions perpetuate the trauma that is experienced, and how the inhabited spaces foster unhealthy interactions that add to the emotional stress refugees endure. Most of these unhealthy interactions are caused by overcrowded living conditions that prevail in most refugee camps, leading to violations of privacy and personal space. By investigating aspects of social psychology and proxemics, this capstone connects these concepts to spatial solutions, with the goal of reducing emotional stress and ...


The Effect Of Demand Characteristics On The Facial Feedback Effect, Nicholas A. Coles, Brooke Frohlich, Jeff T. Larsen, Lowell Gaertner 2020 Harvard University

The Effect Of Demand Characteristics On The Facial Feedback Effect, Nicholas A. Coles, Brooke Frohlich, Jeff T. Larsen, Lowell Gaertner

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Self Perception Of Dental Esthetics And Its Impact Among Adults Self Esteem In Sonoma And Marin County, Carolina Camacho 2020 Dominican University of California

Self Perception Of Dental Esthetics And Its Impact Among Adults Self Esteem In Sonoma And Marin County, Carolina Camacho

Global Public Health | Senior Theses

Background

One out of four American adults refrain from smiling attributable to the condition of their dentofacial area. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between self-perception of dental esthetics and individual self-esteem among Sonoma and Marin County adults. Analytical concepts and processes were utilized to determine and describe the statistical significance of this plausible association.

Methods

In order to assess the interconnection of this relationship from an analytical approach, an observational study design method was utilized consisting of both a quantitative and qualitative analysis. A total of 163 participants consensually responded to an online questionnaire containing ...


Severity Of Coercive Sexual Harassment In Professor–Student Interaction And Peer Bystander Responses, Donna M. L. Heretick, Inna Learn 2020 Walden University

Severity Of Coercive Sexual Harassment In Professor–Student Interaction And Peer Bystander Responses, Donna M. L. Heretick, Inna Learn

Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences

The risk for female students in academia of sexual harassment by male faculty and staff remains a national crisis. This study examined effects of severity of coercive sexual harassment (CSH) by a male professor of a female student on peer bystander intervention responses. A total of 180 undergraduate and graduate college students who volunteered for an online survey were randomly assigned to one of three vignette conditions that varied severity of CSH. Following Bowes-Sperry’s ethical model of bystander behaviors, it was predicted that severity of CSH would affect cognitive appraisals and emotional reactions, which would further predict intentions for ...


Sleeping With The Television On: How Popular Culture Content Implicitly Informs Political Reality, Grace Amato 2020 William & Mary

Sleeping With The Television On: How Popular Culture Content Implicitly Informs Political Reality, Grace Amato

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Conversations about television shows and other popular culture content are happening constantly through various media. These conversations are undervalued and underexplored in terms of their ability to explain just how much popular culture content influences audience members’ beliefs about how the world works. By examining shows about the American government, the study is expected to reveal the societal expectations that lead to change in local and national politics. The primary goal is to understand how public opinion is shaped by popular culture and, in turn, how politics are shaped by public opinion. All being well, this will provide a framework ...


Charlotte Brontë'S Victorian Women: A Psychological Analysis In Light Of Jungian Theory, Virginia Elam 2020 William & Mary

Charlotte Brontë'S Victorian Women: A Psychological Analysis In Light Of Jungian Theory, Virginia Elam

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines Charlotte Brontë's two major works, Jane Eyre and Villette, and uses these as the primary texts from which a psychological analysis of repressed memory and creative expression is produced. Using Carl Jung's work as a model to analyze these two works, this thesis provides a comprehensive study of the Victorian female psyche and demonstrates to what extent Bronte's portrayal of the female mind is a reflection of her own psychological state.


Bilingualism And Emotion: How Do Spanish-English Bilinguals Experience The Two Languages Differently?, Caitlyn Whitesell 2020 William & Mary

Bilingualism And Emotion: How Do Spanish-English Bilinguals Experience The Two Languages Differently?, Caitlyn Whitesell

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Previous literature has suggested that bilingual people react to emotional statements with varying degrees of intensity due to their personal experience with each language. Potential factors affecting emotional differences between languages included fluency, culture, age of acquisition, amount of exposure, language learning environment, and motivation. Isolating the impact of these factors on emotional experience challenges research because the factors cannot be easily controlled or separated. The current study investigated how the factors of age of acquisition, length of language exposure, and language-learning environment played a role in emotional reactions to similar stimuli by manipulating the language of the emotional stimuli ...


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