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“It Helps If You Are A Loud Person”: Listening To The Voice Of A School Student With A Vision Impairment, Jill Opie, Jane Southcott, Joanne Deppeler 2017 Monash University, Australia.

“It Helps If You Are A Loud Person”: Listening To The Voice Of A School Student With A Vision Impairment, Jill Opie, Jane Southcott, Joanne Deppeler

The Qualitative Report

Students with vision impairment who attend mainstream secondary schools in Australia may not experience education as an inclusive and positive experience. This study of one senior secondary student with vision impairment provides a rare opportunity to give voice and provide understandings of the experience from the perspective of the student. The research question that drove this study was: What is the experience of mainstream schooling for a student with a vision impairment? The participant in this Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis study was Edward (pseudonym), a student in his final year of secondary schooling. Edward encountered significant barriers to inclusion, specifically teaching ...


A Hierarchical Bayesian Approach To Distinguishing Serial And Parallel Processing, Joseph W. Houpt, Mario Fifić 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

A Hierarchical Bayesian Approach To Distinguishing Serial And Parallel Processing, Joseph W. Houpt, Mario Fifić

Joseph W. Houpt

Research in cognitive psychology often focuses on how people deal with multiple sources of information. One important aspect of this research is whether people use the information in parallel (at the same time) or in series (one at a time). Various approaches to distinguishing parallel and serial processing have been proposed, but many do not satisfactorily address the mimicking dilemma between serial and parallel classes of models. The mean interaction contrast (MIC) is one measure is designed to improve discriminability of serial-parallel model properties. The MIC has been applied in limited settings because the measure required a large number of ...


The Validity Of Self-Report Measures In Assessing Historical Knowledge: The Case Of Canada’S Residential Schools, Greg D. B. Boese, Katelin H. S. Neufeld, Katherine B. Starzyk 2017 Simon Fraser University

The Validity Of Self-Report Measures In Assessing Historical Knowledge: The Case Of Canada’S Residential Schools, Greg D. B. Boese, Katelin H. S. Neufeld, Katherine B. Starzyk

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) strives to increase public education regarding residential schools. A baseline measure of the public’s residential school knowledge could be useful to evaluate the progress of the TRC. The National Benchmark Survey, Urban Aboriginal Peoples Study, and Canadian Public Opinion on Aboriginal Peoples Report are three existing surveys that provide such a baseline, though each use only self-report measures. We measured residential school knowledge of 2,250 non-Indigenous Canadian undergraduate students through self-report (subjective) and multiple-choice (objective) measures. Analyses revealed a statistically significant correlation between self-reported and objective knowledge of residential schools.


The Trouble With Test Banks, Harvey Richman, Molly Hrezo 2017 Columbus State University

The Trouble With Test Banks, Harvey Richman, Molly Hrezo

Perspectives In Learning

We compared the psychometrics of quiz questions randomly selected from a test bank with the psychometrics of quiz questions the instructor had selected from the bank for quality and modified (if necessary). On multiple psychometric indices, the instructor selected/modified questions were superior to questions randomly selected from the test bank. Most notably, when compared with instructor written/modified questions, randomly selected bank questions were nearly 6.5 times more likely to contain a distractor that drew more responses than the correct answer. Details and implications are discussed.


Development And Validation Of The Bisexual Microaggressions Scale, Emma G. Fredrick 2017 East Tennessee State University

Development And Validation Of The Bisexual Microaggressions Scale, Emma G. Fredrick

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Sexual minorities face stigmatizing experiences which can lead to disparities in physical and mental health, as well as social and economic resources. Additionally, research suggests that microaggressions, or small actions and comments that speak to a person’s prejudices, act as stigmatizing experiences and contribute to negative outcomes for the stigmatized. However, most studies of sexual minority health do not explore bisexual experiences uniquely, despite evidence that bisexuals have unique experiences of stigma and microaggressions. Those studies that do explore bisexual experiences find worse outcomes for bisexuals than their lesbian or gay counterparts. Thus, the current study developed a quantitative ...


Thriving Cities: How To Define, Apply, And Measure Well-Being At Scale, Jaclyn Gaffaney 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Thriving Cities: How To Define, Apply, And Measure Well-Being At Scale, Jaclyn Gaffaney

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

What is a thriving city? Is it even possible to raise the well-being of an entire city, and why bother? Recent advancements in positive psychology have made it possible to define, measure, and increase well-being on a much larger scale. This provides an unprecedented opportunity for cities to explore well-being. In order to increase the well-being of the city – cities will need to think carefully about what that means, why it is important, and how they will do it. This capstone posits that cities can define what well-being means for themselves inclusive of: the target (the city, individuals, or other ...


Cahost Facilitating The Johnson-Neyman Technique For Two-Way Interactions In Multiple Regression.Pdf, Stephen W. Carden, Nicholas S. Holtzman, Michael J. Strube 2017 Georgia Southern University

Cahost Facilitating The Johnson-Neyman Technique For Two-Way Interactions In Multiple Regression.Pdf, Stephen W. Carden, Nicholas S. Holtzman, Michael J. Strube

Stephen W. Carden

When using multiple regression, researchers frequently wish to explore how the
relationship between two variables is moderated by another variable; this is termed
an interaction. Historically, two approaches have been used to probe interactions:
the pick-a-point approach and the Johnson-Neyman (JN) technique. The pick-a-point
approach has limitations that can be avoided using the JN technique. Currently, the
software available for implementing the JN technique and creating corresponding figures
lacks several desirable features–most notably, ease of use and figure quality. To fill
this gap in the literature, we offer a free Microsoft Excel 2013 workbook, CAHOST (a
concatenation of the ...


Measuring Numeracy In A Community College Context: Assessing The Reliability Of The Subjective Numeracy Scale, Kate S. Wolfe, Sarah L. Hoiland 2017 Hostos Community College CUNY

Measuring Numeracy In A Community College Context: Assessing The Reliability Of The Subjective Numeracy Scale, Kate S. Wolfe, Sarah L. Hoiland

Numeracy

In this paper, our goals were to assess the suitability of the Subjective Numeracy Scale (SNS), developed for health-care use, in a new context with predominantly minority students at a South Bronx community college and to identify any race/ ethnicity, gender, and ESL enrollment effects. The scale assesses perceptions of quantitative reasoning skills and preferences for data presentation. This scale was given to a convenience sample of students in behavioral sciences classes. Results show that the SNS scale was reliable with our sample using the full thirteen-question scale or the shorter eight-item version. Gender, race/ ethnicity, and English as a ...


Mixture Modelling Of The Hexaco Personality Inventory, Carolina Patryluk 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Mixture Modelling Of The Hexaco Personality Inventory, Carolina Patryluk

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Mixture models are used for identifying profiles or combinations of profiles and dimensions that explain observed variables. Given that these techniques can be misapplied (Lubke & Miller, 2014), much research is needed to understand their properties when applied to various data sets. The current study tests and compares the fit of mixture models to factor analytic models of personality trait facets based on the HEXACO Personality Inventory-Revised (Ashton & Lee, 2009a). This study also examines the relative amounts of variance in the facet variables that can be explained by underlying dimensions, latent profiles, and other sources. Ashton and Lee (2009b) concluded from ...


Psychology Research Methods And Statistics: Ancillary Set, Sharon Pearcey, Beth Kirsner, Christopher Randall, Jen Willard, Adrienne Williamson, Tricia Downtain 2017 Kennesaw State University

Psychology Research Methods And Statistics: Ancillary Set, Sharon Pearcey, Beth Kirsner, Christopher Randall, Jen Willard, Adrienne Williamson, Tricia Downtain

Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work Ancillary Materials

This ancillary set was created under a Round Four ALG Textbook Transformation Grant. They are also available in an open-course format through the KSU Website:

http://grants.kennesaw.edu/psychscience/index.php


Cahost_V1.0.Xlsm, Stephen W. Carden 2017 Georgia Southern University

Cahost_V1.0.Xlsm, Stephen W. Carden

Stephen W. Carden

This is CAHOST, the Excel workbook for implementing the Johnson-Neyman technique.


Mapping Alternative Masculinities: Development, Validation, And Latent Profile Analysis Of A New Masculinity Measure, Jessica K. Padgett 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Mapping Alternative Masculinities: Development, Validation, And Latent Profile Analysis Of A New Masculinity Measure, Jessica K. Padgett

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Prominent measures of masculinity focus on traditional masculine norms, such as high aggression, low emotional expression, and heteronormativity. However, recent qualitative research has indicated that a variety of men embrace alternative forms of masculinity that include unique characteristics not represented by traditional norms. I developed the Alternative Masculinity Measure (ALT-M) to address this gap. The ALT-M was designed to measure individual differences on constructs derived from a modern, socially progressive representation of masculinity. Concepts, scales, and items were developed primarily from readings of qualitative research on alternative masculinities. Nine dimensions with 14 items each was sent to 15 experts for ...


Radio Dispatch Cognitive Abilities And Working Memory, David A. Buitron 2017 General Experimental Psychology Graduate Student

Radio Dispatch Cognitive Abilities And Working Memory, David A. Buitron

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Public safety radio dispatchers incontrovertibly have to manage multiple tasks at any given time, from relaying lifesaving information to field units, to simultaneously overseeing several monitors and keeping up with the radio transmissions in a timely manner. Interestingly, however, the underlying cognitive abilities necessitated for performing such tasks have not been thoroughly investigated. To begin understanding the cognitive faculties that underlie dispatching tasks, we gauged cognitive ability measures relevant to dispatcher duties and introduced Working Memory Capacity (WMC) as underlying the differentiation on performance. The four general dispatcher cognitive factors identified by Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST) literature, were ...


An Evaluation And Revision Of The Children’S Behavior Questionnaire Effortful Control Scales, Scott R. Frohn 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

An Evaluation And Revision Of The Children’S Behavior Questionnaire Effortful Control Scales, Scott R. Frohn

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

The Children’s Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ; Rothbart, Ahadi, Hershey, & Fisher, 2001) is a popular parent report measure of children’s temperament. Effortful control, which refers to processes involved in regulating reactivity to internal and external stimuli, is one factor of temperament measured by the CBQ using five scales tapping multiple dimensions. Numerous studies examining the psychometric properties of the CBQ have shown some problems with the scales, including inconsistent factor structures and measurement noninvariance. Furthermore, the way effortful control is typically defined in the literature, and even according to the CBQ’s authors, is inconsistent with how it is actually ...


Spatial Sampling Strategies With Multiple Scientific Frames Of Reference, Paul B. Reverdy, Thomas F. Shipley, D. E. Koditschek 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Spatial Sampling Strategies With Multiple Scientific Frames Of Reference, Paul B. Reverdy, Thomas F. Shipley, D. E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

We study the spatial sampling strategies employed by field scientists studying aeolian processes, which are geophysical interactions between wind and terrain. As in geophysical field science in general, observations of aeolian processes are made and data gathered by carrying instruments to various locations and then deciding when and where to record a measurement. We focus on this decision-making process. Because sampling is physically laborious and time consuming, scientists often develop sampling plans in advance of deployment, i.e., employ an offline decision-making process. However, because of the unpredictable nature of field conditions, sampling strategies generally have to be updated online ...


Communicating Criterion-Related Validity Using Expectancy Charts: A New Approach, Jeffrey M. Cucina, Julia L. Berger, Henry H. Busciglio 2017 U.S. Customs and Border Protection

Communicating Criterion-Related Validity Using Expectancy Charts: A New Approach, Jeffrey M. Cucina, Julia L. Berger, Henry H. Busciglio

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Often, personnel selection practitioners present the results of their criterion-related validity studies to their senior leaders and other stakeholders when trying to either implement a new test or validate an existing test. It is sometimes challenging to present complex, statistical results to non-statistical audiences in a way that enables intuitive decision making. Therefore, practitioners often turn to expectancy charts to depict criterion-related validity. There are two main approaches for constructing expectancy charts (i.e., use of Taylor-Russell tables or splitting a raw dataset), both of which have considerable limitations. We propose a new approach for creating expectancy charts based on ...


Dynamic Modeling Of Problem Drinkers Undergoing Behavioral Treatment, Rebecca A. Everett 2017 North Carolina State University

Dynamic Modeling Of Problem Drinkers Undergoing Behavioral Treatment, Rebecca A. Everett

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Stigma On Intimate Partner Violence Reporting Among Men Who Have Sex With Men, Wesley Eugene Harris 2017 East Tennessee State University

The Effect Of Stigma On Intimate Partner Violence Reporting Among Men Who Have Sex With Men, Wesley Eugene Harris

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study examined the relation between stigma and reporting of intimate partner violence (IPV) in a sample of men who have sex with men (MSM). It was hypothesized that enacted stigma would result in lower reporting of IPV and that the type of IPV would moderate the relationship between enacted stigma and reporting. Using an online survey, we measured IPV (physical, psychological, and sexual violence) and stigma (perceived, enacted, and internalized). Participants (N = 46) were asked if they had ever experienced any of those forms of violence, as well as if they had ever reported the violence through an online ...


Standardized Effect Sizes For Moderated Conditional Fixed Effects With Continuous Moderator Variables, Todd Bodner 2017 Portland State University

Standardized Effect Sizes For Moderated Conditional Fixed Effects With Continuous Moderator Variables, Todd Bodner

Psychology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Wilkinson and Task Force on Statistical Inference (1999) recommended that researchers include information on the practical magnitude of effects (e.g., using standardized effect sizes) to distinguish between the statistical and practical significance of research results. To date, however, researchers have not widely incorporated this recommendation into the interpretation and communication of the conditional effects and differences in conditional effects underlying statistical interactions involving a continuous moderator variable where at least one of the involved variables has an arbitrary metric. This article presents a descriptive approach to investigate two-way statistical interactions involving continuous moderator variables where the conditional effects underlying ...


The Lonely Scroll: The Impact Of Social Media On Loneliness In Introverts And Extroverts, Jessie D'Amico, Sarah E. Taylor, Elizabeth Hansford 2017 Cedarville University

The Lonely Scroll: The Impact Of Social Media On Loneliness In Introverts And Extroverts, Jessie D'Amico, Sarah E. Taylor, Elizabeth Hansford

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

This study examined the impact that social media had on feelings of loneliness in introverts and extroverts. Each participant received a survey based off of the NEO Personality Inventory, the UCLA Loneliness Scale and the Internet Behaviors Scale. The survey aimed to assess the relationship between social media and feelings of loneliness on different personality types. Social Media is a prevalent aspect of modern day culture. Therefore, this study aims to teach individuals how to prevent social media from negatively affecting them. The results supported our hypotheses that both loneliness and internet use, as well as, personality type and loneliness ...


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