Overparenting And Young Adult Narcissism: Psychological Control And Interpersonal Dependency As Mediators, 2019 University of Southern Mississippi
Overparenting And Young Adult Narcissism: Psychological Control And Interpersonal Dependency As Mediators, Nathan Alexander Winner
Overparenting, or “helicopter parenting,” is a unique style of parenting characterized by parents’ well-intentioned but age-inappropriate over-involvement and intrusiveness in their children’s lives. Recent research has linked overparenting to the development of narcissistic traits in young adults, although the mechanisms of this relationship remain unclear. Two plausible mechanisms include the parenting behavior of psychological control and the increased interpersonal dependency of the child. Psychological control is a construct that overlaps with overparenting and has been linked to both dependent and narcissistic traits. Similarly, interpersonal dependency is a key predictor of narcissistic traits. Therefore, the present study sought to examine ...
Investigating The Interaction Between Memory Recall Content And Savoring Interventions On Openness, 2019 Georgia Southern University
Investigating The Interaction Between Memory Recall Content And Savoring Interventions On Openness, Caroline V. Young
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Openness is generally characterized by a stark curiosity for novel experiences and the ability to flexibly shift one’s attention and thinking processes to appreciate differing perspectives. Research suggests openness is a personal resource in terms of helping individuals effectively regulate emotions, cope with stress, and socialize with diverse populations. However, it is unknown what interventions specifically lead to an increase in openness. Positive affect appears to be associated with openness, yet the mechanisms by which positive affect promotes openness remain unclear. It is possible savoring, the ability to maintain and extend positive affect, may play an important role in ...
Investigating Employability: Testing The Raw Framework, 2018 California State University - San Bernardino
Investigating Employability: Testing The Raw Framework, Daniell Jean Study
Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations
In a recent model of employability, Hogan, Chamorro-Premuzic, and Kaiser (2013) defined employability as the ability to gain and maintain employment and find new employment when necessary. The authors presented employability as a formative construct containing an ability dimension (the ability to do the job), a social skills dimension (being rewarding to work with), and a motivational dimension (being willing to work hard). There is no question as to whether these three dimensions affect one’s level of employability; research is abundant on the positive relationships between intelligence, social and emotional skills, motivation and career success. However, little research has ...
The Expression Of Gratitude As A Contributor To Marital Strength, 2018 Brigham Young University
The Expression Of Gratitude As A Contributor To Marital Strength, Kandace R. Palmer
Intuition: The BYU Undergraduate Journal in Psychology
Gratitude is an important positive emotion for personal and social growth. Because of innate human needs, gratitude strengthens and builds interpersonal connections (Carnegie, 1936/1981; Johnson, 2008; Lambert & Fincham, 2011). In light of more recent research on the expression of gratitude in dyadic relationships, gratitude is considered to be an essential emotion for communicating “responsiveness” and for marriage survival (Algoe, Fredrickson, & Gable, 2013; Algoe, Kurtz, & Hilaire, 2016; Algoe & Zhaoyang, 2016). When spouses express appreciation, sincerity is necessary for gratitude to strengthen a marriage (Gordon, Arnette, & Smith, 2011; Leong, 2012). Furthermore, insincere gratitude, or a belief that gratitude is not genuine, can be detrimental to already suffering relationships (Leong, 2012). As truly appreciative feelings and expressions increase in a marriage, the relationship will be improved, because grateful feelings often influence partners to invest more time and energy in favor of the relationship (Gordon, Impett, Kogan, Oveis, & Keltner, 2012; Lambert & Fincham, 2011). These studies on gratitude and marriage demonstrate ...
13 - Who Should Lead: How Cognitive Ability And Personality Predict Leadership., 2018 University of North Georgia
13 - Who Should Lead: How Cognitive Ability And Personality Predict Leadership., Faith M. Rankin, Brendyn L. Melugin, Tyler Harrison
Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)
Traditional measures of leadership explicitly ask test-takers whether they engage in successful leadership behaviors (e.g., Bass & Avolio, 1995). While these tests do show some relationships with leader effectiveness (Dumdum, Lowe, & Avolio, 2013), these tests are not ideal because test-takers could stretch the truth to make themselves appear to be a more qualified leader than they actually are. Because of this problem, we developed a test (Transactional/Transformational Implicit Leadership Test) designed to assess leadership style without appearing to be a measurement of leadership. For the present study, we administered our new measurement of leadership, a traditional leadership test, and ...
Social Media Representation And Self-Esteem, 2018 Fort Valley State University
Social Media Representation And Self-Esteem, Charlton Lyons, Sevon Baxley
Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)
Since the latter half of the 20th century, technology or the digital revolution has evolved the way we communicate with others. Social media became a way to express one’s personal opinions on various topics. Individuals may present themselves differently on social media than in real life. This false presentation may be an issue that could affect social relationships. The misrepresentation of oneself is illustrated in the fact that most human beings would like to be viewed in a positive light by others (Green, 2013). In this research, we address the question; does self-esteem influence a person’s self-presentation ...
Early Childhood Stressors And Negative Personality Behaviors, 2018 Murray State University
Early Childhood Stressors And Negative Personality Behaviors, Kyler Joachim
Early Childhood Stressors and Negative Personality Behaviors
Research is moving away from static to contextual models of understanding personality development, making it imperative to consider daily occurrences, not just biology or significant traumatic events, in personality formation. Temperament has long been considered the innate source of behaviors that later solidify into personality, but behaviors themselves and the conditions that produce and reinforce them are shaped by the daily environment. This behavior-environment interaction is especially important for children experiencing childhood stressors like poverty, food insecurity, and parental aggravation. Non-clinical personality related behaviors may arise from these stressors, which can lead to ...
The Impact Of Student Political Identity Over The Course Of An Online Controversial Issue Discussion, 2018 Northeastern State University
The Impact Of Student Political Identity Over The Course Of An Online Controversial Issue Discussion, Christopher H. Clark
Democracy and Education
As civic educators become increasingly concerned about polarized political environments, researchers have begun explore the ramifications of contentious political discourse on young people. Through a quantitative analysis of data gathered from two rural, Midwestern schools, this study provides evidence that the degree to which a student socially identifies with a political party is influential over the course of an online discussion. Strength of identification was associated with students’ relative amount of knowledge for and against their position on a controversial issue and with the types of contributions students made to the online forum.
Study Abroad For Transformational Learning Opportunities To Build Cultural Intelligence, 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
Study Abroad For Transformational Learning Opportunities To Build Cultural Intelligence, Nicholas Tran
Undergraduate Research Symposium - Prescott
Recent research points to questions on the value for students studying abroad while in college. Our conceptual paper links the transformative learning theory to the three dimensions of cultural intelligence to highlight the value of study abroad to provide life-changing learning opportunities. Through disorienting dilemmas and a process of cultivating critical reflection, study abroad students will generate new meaning schemes, or “habits of the mind” to view the world. In addition to critical reflection, the role of emotions plays a critical role in the development of self-awareness. These transformational learning experiences interconnect with the three-dimensional model of cultural intelligence through ...
What Shall We Do About Grit? A Critical Review Of What We Know And What We Don’T Know, 2018 Iowa State University
What Shall We Do About Grit? A Critical Review Of What We Know And What We Don’T Know, Marcus Crede
Grit is a construct that is widely studied by educational researchers and that has generally been enthusiastically received by educational practitioners. This essay highlights that many of the core claims about grit have either been unexamined or are directly contradicted by the accumulated empirical evidence. Specifically, there appears to be no reason to accept the combination of perseverance and passion for long-term goals into a single grit construct, nor is there any support for the claim that grit is a particularly good predictor of success and performance in an educational setting or that grit is likely to be responsive to ...
Understanding People-Centered Intelligences, 2018 University of New Hampshire, Durham
Understanding People-Centered Intelligences, John D. Mayer
UNH Personality Lab
No abstract provided.
Personality, Psychological Profiling, And Philosophy Of Science: The Insider Threat And Betrayers Of Trust, 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
Personality, Psychological Profiling, And Philosophy Of Science: The Insider Threat And Betrayers Of Trust, Editor
International Bulletin of Political Psychology
This article describes philosophical challenges to the utility of profiling personality, especially with security and intelligence implications.
What’S Your Story? Assessing Childhood Maltreatment Using The Thematic Apperception Test In An Adult Inpatient Population., 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
What’S Your Story? Assessing Childhood Maltreatment Using The Thematic Apperception Test In An Adult Inpatient Population., Thachell C. Tanis
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
There is a robust evidence that childhood maltreatment contributes to the development of adult psychopathology (Brown & Anderson, 1991; Johnson, Cohen, Brown, Smailes, & Bernstein 1999; Johnson, Smailes, Cohen, Brown, & Bernstein, 2000; Ruggiero et al., 1999). However, the identification of childhood maltreatment remains a methodological problem that results in inconsistencies in the reported incidence and psychological sequelae of maltreatment. A primary method for identifying histories of childhood maltreatment among adults is retrospective self-report measures which are susceptible to multiple biases (Briere, 1992; Cicchetti & Rizley, 1981; Shaffer, Huston, & Egeland, 2008). This present study suggests that childhood maltreatment can be assessed using a projective measurement called the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) as ...
Work Namaste: The Importance Of Mattering At Work, And How A Leader Can Create An Environment Where Employees Feel They And Their Work Matter, Rebecca J. Lamperski
Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects
The concept of mattering is an underdeveloped, yet important component of an employee’s success in the workplace, and personal well-being. Deficit-based leadership strategies employed by many organizations can break-down the ability for an employee to feel that they and their work matter, however, the focus by leaders on mattering can lead employees to feel: my leader is invested in my success, I am noticed, I am cared about, I am depended upon, I would be missed if I were not here, my leader is interested in what I say and do, I am appreciated, and I am noticed for ...
Jonestown: The Psychological Massacre, 2018 Bowling Green State University
Jonestown: The Psychological Massacre, Alexis A. Wiles
WRIT: GSW Journal of First-Year Writing
Jim Jones was the leader of the Peoples Temple and led the organization to many places. Jim Jones used psychological tactics in order for them to do what he wanted. With those psychological tactics, he got many of their personal belongings, time, and in the end their lives.
The Bottom Two Percent: Using Positive Psychology To Create Change Among Convicts, 2018 University of Pennsylvania
The Bottom Two Percent: Using Positive Psychology To Create Change Among Convicts, Katie Wittekind
Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects
We can turn convicted individuals into thriving members of the community. An empowering approach with the convicted will improve rehabilitative outcomes by creating behavior change. There exists a model that successfully rehabilitates the convicted by teaching the skills necessary to reenter society. This capstone uses the Delancey Foundation as a case study of this model. Delancey provides housing, job training, and education to convicts, addicts, and the homeless. Delancey uses social entrepreneurship and peer mentorship to empower residents. This capstone uses the research of positive psychology to demonstrate how Delancey converts takers into givers using peer mentorship, which develops the ...
The Light Triad Scale: Developing And Validating A Preliminary Measure Of Prosocial Orientation, 2018 The University of Western Ontario
The Light Triad Scale: Developing And Validating A Preliminary Measure Of Prosocial Orientation, Laura K.D. Johnson
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Most research on prosocial behaviour focuses on situational factors rather than individual differences. Empathy, compassion, and altruism are three constructs related to prosocial behaviour that also overlap theoretically. However, prosocial traits are rarely studied together, and measures of prosocial orientation are lacking. To address this gap, the Light Triad Scale (Light-3) was developed to assess individual differences in prosocial orientation. Three subscales with 12 items each, assessing empathy, compassion, and altruism, were created using existing measures of each construct. Items were selected according to theory and literature. The Light-3 was then administered to a sample of undergraduate psychology students at ...
The People We Like: Do Introversion-Extroversion And Commitment Affect Evaluation Of Potential Partners?, 2018 Seton Hall University
The People We Like: Do Introversion-Extroversion And Commitment Affect Evaluation Of Potential Partners?, Naquan Ross
Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)
The present study assessed whether similarity of a hypothetical partner on Introversion-Extroversion, along with partner preference for long-term or short-term relationships, might vary according to participants’ own Introversion-Extroversion. MANOVA results suggest three important points. First, ratings by extrovert participants showed higher levels of romantic interest for extroverted, rather than introverted, hypothetical partners; introvert participants’ ratings did not differ between introvert and extrovert partners on this dimension. Second, the similarity of the participant and the hypothetical partner on Introversion-Extroversion appeared to influence interpersonal interest, romantic interest, and commitment potential. Last, the partner’s commitment level may drive participants’ non-platonic interest and ...
Test Of Personal Intelligencemini-12 (Topi Mini-12): Brief Manual And Test (8th Edition), 2018 University of New Hampshire, Durham
Test Of Personal Intelligencemini-12 (Topi Mini-12): Brief Manual And Test (8th Edition), John D. Mayer, Abigail T. Panter, David R. Caruso
UNH Personality Lab
Personal intelligence can be defined as the capacity to reason about personality and to use personality and personal information to enhance one’s thoughts, plans, and life experience (Mayer, 2008, p. 209). It is a “hot” intelligence in the sense of operating on information that is personally relevant and of importance to the individual.
The gold standard for measuring intelligences is through the use of ability scales. The Test of Personal Intelligence (TOPI), a 134-item ability measure, has been developed over three versions (1.0, 1.1., and 1.2) to test the existence of personal intelligence and to provide ...
Structurally Rich Movement: Measuring Movement For Empirical Psychology And Examining The Dynamic Complexity Of Affect Regulation In Behavior, 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Structurally Rich Movement: Measuring Movement For Empirical Psychology And Examining The Dynamic Complexity Of Affect Regulation In Behavior, Michael Timothy Finn
Movement not only permeates human life, but structures dimensions of experience. Phenomenological theory points to the dynamic congruency of movement and emotion, via the body schema, as shaping affectivity. For psychology, this calls for an understanding of behavior beyond being discrete events, but also manifesting kinetic melodies. Yet there is a gap in existing methodology for empirically studying the three-dimensional characteristics of human movement continuously across segments of the body. A potential line of research in this area, implicit affect regulation capacities, was described to inform the selection of instrumentation, measurement, and calculations of dynamic structure that would, theoretically, best ...